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xii, 16: xvii. 9. ch. iii. 1.

as Jesus m heurd the word n that was spoken, he saith unto the ruler of the synagogue, Be not afraid, only believe. 37 And he suffered no man to follow him, save Peter, and James, and John the brother of James. 38 And he cometh to the house of the ruler of the synagogue, and seeth o the tumult, and them that wept and wailed greatly. 39 And when he was come in, he saith unto them, Why make ye this ado, and weep? the damsel is not dead, but e sleepeth. e John xi. 11. 40 And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put Acts ix. 40. them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was [P lying). 41 And he took the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. 42 And straightway the damsel arose, and walked ; for she was of the age of twelve years. And they were astonished with a great astonishment. 43 And 8 he charged 5 ii. 16 : them straitly that no man should know it; and com- Luke v. 14. manded that something should be given her to eat.

VI. 1 And a he went out from thence, and came into his a see Luke iv. own country; and his disciples follow him. 2 And when the sabbath day was come, he began to teach in the synagogue: and many hearing him were astonished,

m read, overheard. Brender, being spoken.
o render, a.

P omitted by many ancient authorities. were surreptitiously obtained: see note So that the words are equivalent to Rige, -on Luke, ver. 48. 36.] Jesus .... my child. Peculiar to Mark. The overheard the message (word that was) whole account is probably derived from being spoken: a mark of accuracy which the testimony of Peter, who was present. is lost in the A. V.

40.] How For she was of the age of twelve years is capricious, according to modern criticism, added, as Bengel, to shew that she “re. must this Evangelist have been, who com- turned to the state of body congruous to piled his narrative out of Matthew and her age.” 43.] betokens an eyeLuke, adding minute particulars-in leaving witness, who relates what passed within. out here knowing that she was dead (Luke), St. Matthew says nothing of this, but tells a detail so essential, if St. Mark had really what took place without, viz. the spreading been what he is represented. Can testimony abroad of the report. Notice in the last be stronger to the untenableness of such a words, that her further recovery of strength view, and the independence of his narra- is left to natural causes. tion ? And yet such abound in every CHAP. VI. 1-6.] REJECTION OF JESUS chapter. 41.j I say unto thee is added BY HIS COUNTRYMEN AT NAZARETI. in the translation. The accuracy of St. Matt. xiii. 54-58, where see notes. Mark's reports,-not, as has been strangely 1.] went out from thence, not, from the suggested, the wish to indicate that our house of Jaïrus, by the expression his own Lord did not use mystic magical language country in the corresponding clause. I on such occasions,-often gives occasion to may go out of my own house into a neighthe insertion of the actual Syriac and bour's, but I do not say, I go out of my Aramaic words spoken by the Lord: see own house into Lincolnshire: the two memch. vii. 11, 34 ; xiv. 36. Talitha, in the bers of such a sentence must correspond :ordinary dialect of the people, is a word of I go out of Leicestershire into Lincolnshire endearment addressed to a young maiden. - so, as corresponding to his own country,

40. Gal. i. 19.

10.

b John vi. 42. saying, "From whence bath this man these things ? and

what wisdom is this which is given unto him, that sa even]

such mighty works are wrought by his hands ? 3 Is not See is this the carpenter, the son of Mary, be the brother of

James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon ? and are not d Matt. xi.6. his sisters here with us? And they d were offended at e John iv. 41. him. 4 But Jesus said unto them, e A prophet is not

without honour, but in his own country, and among his I see Gen. xix. own kin, and in his own house. 5' And he could there do

no mighty work, save that he laid his hands upon a few Isa. lis. sick folk, and healed them. 6 And & he marvelled because

of their unbelief. h Luke xiii. 22. h And he went round about the villages, teaching. i ch. ill. 13, 14. 7 i And he called unto him the twelve, and began to send

them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits ; 8 and commanded them that they should

take nothing for their journey, savè a staff only; no scrip, k Acts xii. 8. no bread, no money in their purse : 9 but * be shod with 1 Luke x. 7, 8. sandals ; and not put on two coats. 10 1 And he said unto

them, In what place soever ye enter into an house, there m Luke x. 10. abide till ye depart from that place. 11 m And C whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence,

bread, and the. Cread, whatsoever place.

from thence must mean from that city, i.e. 6.7 marvelled—this need not surprise us, Capernaum. This against those who try on nor be construed otherwise than as a literal this misinterpretation to ground a difference description of the Lord's mind : in the between St. Matthew and St. Mark.

mystery of his humanity, as He was com3. the carpenter] This expression does not passed by human infirmity,–grew in wisseem to be used at random,—but to signify dom,-learned obedience,-knew not the that the Lord had actually worked at the day nor the hour (ch. xiii. 32),—so He trade of his reputed father. Justin Martyr might wonder at the unbelief of His counsays, “ For He wrought, while among men, trymen. And he went round ... see the ordinary works of a carpenter, to wit, Matt. ix. 35. ploughs and yokes." But on the other 7–13.] THE SENDING FORTH OF THE hand, Origen (carelessly ?) asserts that no TWELVE. Matt. x. 1-15. Luke ix. 1–5: where in the Gospels received in the see also Matt.ix.36-38, as the introduction churches is Jesus Himself called a car to this inission. The variations in the three penter. 5.] he could there do no... accounts are very trifling, as we might exthe want of ability spoken of is not ab. pect in so solemn a discourse delivered to solute, but relative : “ not because He was all the twelve. See the notes to Matthew ; powerless, but because they were faithless.” --and respecting the subsequent difference Theophylact. The same voice, which could between Matthew (ver. 16 ff.) and Luke, still the tempests, could anywhere and those on Luke x. 7. by two and two] under any circumstances have commanded These couples are pointed out in Matthew's diseases to obey; but in most cases of list of the Apostles-not however in Mark's, human infirmity, it was our Lord's practice which again shews the total absence of conto require faith in the recipient of aid : necting design in this Gospel, such as is often and that being wanting, the help could not assumed. 8.] Striking instances occur be given. However, from what follows, we in these verses, of the independence of the find that in a few instances it did exist, three reports in their present form. and the help was given accordingly. save a staff only Mark, nor yet a staff k i.e. was minded to kill him. kk render, kept him safe. Matthew, neither a staff Luke. See notes 15.] (He is) a prophet as one of on Matthew, also in the next clause. 13.] the prophets ;-i.e. in their meaning, . He anointed with oil—this oil was not used is not The Prophet for whom all are wait. medicinally, but as a vehicle of healing ing, but only some prophet like those who power committed to them ;-a symbol of a have gone before.' Where did our Evandeeper thing than the oil itself could ac- gelist get this remarkable expression, in his complish. That such anointing has nothing supposed compilation from Matthew and in common with the extreme unction of Luke? 16.] “I (which is emphatic in Romanists, see proved in note on James the original) has the emphasis given by his v. 14. See for instances of such symbolic guilty conscience.” Meyer. The prinuse of external applications, 2 Kings v. 14: cipal additional particulars in the following Mark viji. 23: John ix. 6, &c.

xvii. 6.

p Matt. xvi. 14.

ch. vill. 28.

IX. 21.

n shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony n Acta xit. 31 : d against them. [e Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city.] * 12 And they went out, and preached that men should repent. 3 And they cast out many devils, °and anointed with oil many that were sick, and o James v. 14. healed them. 14 And king Herod heard [f of him] ; for his name was spread abroad : and he said, That John the Baptist was risen from the dead, and therefore & mighty works do shew forth themselves in him. 15 p Others said, h. Vill 28. That it is Elias. And others said, That it is a prophet, [b or] as one of the prophets. 16 But when Herod heard thereof, he said, i It is John, whom I beheaded : he is risen from the dead. 17 For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon John, and bound him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: for he had married her. 18 For John had said unto Herod, "It is not · Lev. xviii. 16: lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. 19 Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and I would have killed him; but she could not: 20 For Herod s feared s Matt. xxi. 26. John, knowing that he was a just man and an holy, and kk observed him; and when he heard him, he did many

d render, to. e omitted in most of the ancient authorities : probably inserted here from Matt. x. 15. f not expressed in the original : more probably, thereof, as in rer. 16. 8 or, the powers work mightily in him. . h omit.

i many ancient authorities read, John, whom I beheaded, is risen from the dead.

account of John's imprisonment and execu14-29.7 HEROD HEARS OF IT. · By tion are,- ver. 19, that it was Herodias OCCASION, THE DEATH OF JOHN THE BAP. who persecuted John, whereas Herod knew TIST IS RELATED. Matt. xiv. 1-12. Luke bis worth and holiness, and listened to him ix. 7-9. (The account of John's death is with pleasure, and even complied in many not in Luke.) Our account is, as usual, the things with his injunctions:- that the fullest of details. See notes on Matthew. maiden went and asked counsel of her 14.] Herod was not king properly, but only mother before making the request; and tetrarch :-see as above. He heard most that an executioner, one of the body-guard, probably of the preaching of the twelve. was sent to behead John. 18.] said, more than once: it was the burden of to be an original one, and of the very John's exhortations to him. 20.] kept highest authority. Professor Bleek believed him safe, or preserved him; not, as in that Mark has used the Gospel of John A. V. observed him, or "esteemed him on account of the 200 denarii in our highly :'-kept him in safety that he ver. 37 and John, ver. 7: and that he geneshould not be killed by Herodias. Whether rally compiles his narrative from Matthew Herod heard him only at such times as and Luke, which has been elsewhere shewed he happened to be at Machærus, or took to be utterly untenable. I believe St. Mark's him also to his residence at Tiberias, is to be an original full account; St. Matuncertain. 21.] a convenient day, thew's a compendium of this same account, not, a festal day, as Hammond and others but drawn up independently of St. Mark's : interpret it,--but, a day suitable for the -St. Luke's a compendium of another acpurposes of Herodias : which shews that count:-St. John's an independent narrative the dance, &c. had been all previously of his own as eye-witness. 30.] Men. contrived by her.

t Gen. xl. 20.

u Esth. v. 3,6

vii. 2.

things, and heard him gladly. 21 And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and 1 chief estates of Galilee; 22 and when the daughter of the said Herodias came in, and danced, and pleased Herod and them that sat with him, the king

said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, and u Esth. v.3,6: I will give it thee. 23 And he sware unto her, u Whatso

ever thou shalt ask of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of my kingdom. 24 And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist. 25 And she came in straightway with haste unto the king, and asked, saying, I will that thou give me by and by in a mcharger the head of John the Baptist. 26 And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, he would not reject her. 27 And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison, 28 and brought his head in a m charger, and gave it to the damsel : and the damsel gave it to her mother. 29 And when his disciples heard of it, they came and took up his corpse, and laid it in a tomb.

30 And the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, and told him all things, both what they had done, and what they had taught. 31 And he said unto them,

Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a v ch ii. 20. while: for "there were many coming and going, and they I render, chief men.

mi.e, a large dish.

tioned by Luke, not by Matthew. 31–34.7 30–44. FEEDING OF THE FIVE THOU One of the most affecting descriptions in the SAND. Matt. xiv. 13—21. Luke ix. 10–17. Gospels, and in this form peculiar to Mark. John vi. 1–13. This is one of the very few St. Matthew has a brief compendium of it. points of comparison between the four Every word and clause is fuil of the rich Gospels during the ministry of our Lord. recollections of one who saw, and felt the And here again I believe St. Mark's report whole. Are we mistaken in tracing the

x Num. xi. 13,

22. 2 Kings iv. 43.

34. ch. viii. 5.

had no leisure so much as to eat. 32 And they departed into a desert place by ship privately. 33 And the people saw them departing, and many knew him, and ran n afoot thither, out of all cities, and outwent them [0', and came together unto him]. 34 w And P Jesus, when he came out, w Matt. ix. 36 saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd : and he began to teach them many things. 35 And when 4 the day was now far spent, his disciples came unto him, and said, This is a desert place, and now 4 the time is far passed : 36 send them away, that they may go into the country round about, and into the villages, and I buy themselves bread : for they have nothing to eat. 37 He answered and said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And they say unto him, s * Shall we go and buy two hundred * Num ki.ls. pennyworth of bread, and give them to eat ? 38 He saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? go and see. And when they knew, they say, , Five, and two fishes. 39 And y sec Matt he commanded them to make all sit down by companies upon the green grass. 40 And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties. 41 And when he had taken the five loaves and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, z and blessed, and brake the loaves, and gave them to his z 1 Sam. ix. 13. disciples to set before them ; and the two fishes divided he20. among them all. 42 And they did all eat, and were filled. : 43 And they took up twelve baskets full of the fragments, n render, by land.

omit. P the most ancient authorities read, when he came out he saw.

q both expressions are the same in the original, being literally, the hour is late, or far advanced.

r many ancient authorities read, only, buy themselves something to eat.

S render, Must. warm heart of him who said, I will go multitudes, and this would be on his diswith thee to prison and to death ?'.

embarkation. . 35.] See notes on John 31.) ye yourselves- not others; you alone.' vi. 3–7, and Matt. xiv. 15-17. The

33. afoot) perhaps better rendered Passover was near, which would account by land. 34.] when he came out, i.e. for the multitude being on the move. had disembarked, most probably. Meyer 37.] This verse is to me rather a decisive would render it, 'having come forth from proof that (see above) Mark had not seen his solitude,' in Matthew,--and having John's account; for how could he, having disembarked here : but I very much doubt done so, and with his love for accurate the former. There is nothing in Matthew detail, have so generalized the particular to imply that He had reached his place of account of Philip's question ? That genesolitude before the multitudes came up. ralization was in the account which he used. John indeed, vv.3—7, seems to imply this; and the circumstance was more exactly rebut He may very well have mounted the lated by John, as also the following one hill or cliff from the sea before He saw the concerning Andrew. The dividing of the

VOL. I.

Matt. xxvi.

R

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