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Mr. SPECTATOR, ·

to you, and desired to be raised from dumb and Still Parts; I desire, if you give him Motion or Speech, that

you would advance me in my Way, and let me keep on in what I humbly presume I am a Master, to

wit, in representing human and still Life together. I • have several times acted one of the finest Flower-pots ' in the same Opera wherein Mr. Screne is a Chair ; therefore

upon his Promotion, request that I may succeed • him in the Hangings, with my Hand in the OrangeTrees,

Your Humble Servant,

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SIR,

Drury-Lane, March 24, 1710-11. I

Saw your Friend the Templer this Evening in the

Pit, and thought he looked very little pleased with the Representation of the mad Scene of the Pilgrim. I ' wish, Sir, you would do us the Favour to animadvert

frequently upon the false Taste the Town is in, with • Relation to Plays as well as Operas. It certainly re

quires a Degree of Understanding to play justly, but • fuch is our Condition, that we are to suspend our Rea• son to perform our Parts. As to Scenes of Madness,

you know, Sir, there are noble Instances of this kind • in Shakespear ; but then it is the Disturbance of a noble • Mind, from generous and human Resentments: It is • like that Grief which we have for the Decease of our * Friends: It is no Diminution, but a Recommendation • of humane Nature, that in such Incidents Passion gets “the better of Reason; and all we can think to comfort

our selves, is impotent against half what we feel. I • will not mention that we had an Idiot in the Scene,

and all the Sense it is represented to have, is that of • Luft. As for my self, who have long taken Pains in • personating the Passions, I have to-night acted only an • Appetite. The Part I play'd is Thirst, but it is repre• sented as written rather by a Dray-man than a Poet. I { come in with a Tub about me, that Tub hung with

Quart

Quart-pots, with a fall Gallon at my Mouth. I am alhamed to tell you that I pleased very much, and this was introduced as a Madness; but sure it was not human Madness, for a Mule or an Ass may have been as dry as ever I was in my Life.

I am, s IR,

Your most obedient and humble Servant.

: I

Mr. SPECTATOR, From the Savoy in the Strand.

F you can read it with dry Eyes, I give you this nate King Latinus, and believe I am the first Prince that • dated from this Palace since John of Gaunt. Such is

the Uncertainty of all human Greatness, that I who • lately never moved without a Guard, am now pressed as ' a common Soldier, and am to fail with the first fair • Wind against my Brother Lewis of France. It is a very • hard thing to put off a Character which one has appear. • ed in with Applause: This I experienced since the Loss • of my Diadem; for upon quarrelling with another Re• cruit, I spoke my Indignation out of my Part in reci. tativo;

Most audacious Slave, Dars thou an angry Monarch's Fury brave ? • The Words were no sooner out of my Mouth, when • a Serjeant knock'd me down, and asked me if I had

a Mind to mutiny, in talking things no body understood. • You see, Sir, my unhappy Circumstances; and if by • Your Mediation you can procure a Subsidy for a Prince • (who never failed to make all that beheld him merry at his Appearance) you will merit the Thanks of

Your Friend,

The King of Latium.

A D V E R TI SE M E N T.

For the Good of the Publick. WITHIN two Doors of the Masquerade, lives an emio nent Italian Chirurgion, arrived from the Carnaval at Venice, of great Experience in private Cures. Accommo

datiens

quing Habit.

dations are provided, and Persons admitted in their Maf

HE has cured fince his coming thither, in less than a Fortnight, Four Scaramouches, a Mountebank Doctor, Two Turkish Bassa's, Three Nuns, and a Morris-Dancer.

Venienti occurrite Morbo. N. B. ANY Person may agree by the Great, and be kept in Repair by the Year. The Doctor draws Teeth without pula ting off your Mask.

R

N° 23.

Tuesday, March 27.

T

Sevit atrox Volfcens, nec teli confpicit usquam
Auctorem, nec quo se ardens immittere possit. Virg.
HER E is nothing that more betrays a base unge-
nerous Spirit, than the giving of secret Stabs to a

Man's Reputation. Lampoons and Satyrs, that are written with Vit and Spirit, are like poisoned Darts, which not only inflict a 'Wound, but make it incurable. For this Realon I am very much troubled when I see the Talents of Humour and Ridicule in the Possession of an ill-natured Man. There cannot be a greater Gratification to a barbarous and inhuman Wit, than to stir up Sorrow in the Heart of a private Person, to raise Uneasiness among near Relations, and to expose whole Families to Derilion, at the same time that he remains unseen and undiscovered. If, besides the Accomplishments of being witty and ill-natured, a Man is vicious into the bargain, he is one of the most mischievous Creatures that can enter into a Civil Society. His Satyr will then chíefly fall upon those who ought to be the most exempt from it. Virtue, Merit, and every thing that is Praise-worthy, will be made the Subject of Ridicule and Buffoonry. It is impossible to enumerate the Evils which arise from these Arrows that fly in the dark, and I know no other

Excuse

Excuse that is or can be made for them, than that the Wounds they give are only imaginary, and produce nothing more than a secret Shame or Sorrow in the Mind of the suffering Person. It must indeed be confels’d, that a Lampoon or a Satyr do not carry in them Robbery or Murder ; but at the same time, how many are there that would not rather lose a considerable Suin of Money, or even Life it self, than be set up as a Mark of Infamy and Derision? And in this Case a Man should consider, that an Injury is not to be measured by the Notions of him that gives, but of him that receives it.

THOSE who can put the best Countenance upon the Outrages of this Nature which are offered them, are not without their secret Anguilh. I have often observed a Passage in Socrates's Behaviour at his Death, in a Light wherein none of the Criticks have considered it. That excellent Man, entertaining his Friends, a little before he drank the Bowl of Poison, with a Discourse on the Im. mortality of the Soul, at his entering upon it says, that he does not believe any the most Comick Genius can censure him for talking upon such a Subject at such a time. This Passage, I think, evidently glances upon Aristophanes, who writ a Comedy on purpose to ridicule the Discourfes of that Divine Philosopher. It has been observed by many Writers, that Socrates was so little moved at this piece of Buffoonry, that he was several times present at its being acted upon the Stage, and never expressed the least Refentment of it. But with Submisson, I think the Remark I have here made shews us that this un. worthy Treatment made an Impression upon his Mind, though he had been too wise to discover it.

WHEN Julius Cæfar was lampooned by Catullus, he invited him to a Supper, and treated him with such a generous Civility, that he made the Poet his Friend ever after. Cardinal Mazırine gave the same kind of Treatment to the Learned Quillet, who had reflected upon his Eminence in a famous Latin Poem. The Cardinal sent for him, and after some kind Expoftulations upon what he had written, assured him of his Esteem, and disinised hiin with a Promise of the next good Abby that should fall, which he accordingly conferred upon him in a few Months after. This had to good an Effect upon

the

the Author, that he dedicated the second Edition of his Book to the Cardinal, after having expunged the Passages which had given him Offence.

SEXTUS QUINTJS was not of so generous and forgiving a Temper. Upon bis being made Pope, the Statue of Pasquin was one Night dressed in a very dirty Shirt, with an Excule written under it, that he was forced to wear foul Linnen because his Laundress was made a Princess. This was a Reflection upon the Pope's Sister, who, before the Promotion of her Brother, was in those mean Circumstances that Pasquin represented her. As this Pasquinade made a great Noise in Rome, the Pope offered a considerable Sum of Money to any person that should discover the Author of it. The Author relying upon his Holiness's Generosity, as also on some private Overtures which he had received from him, made the Discovery himself; upon which the Pope gave him the Reward he had promised, but at the same time, to disable the Satyrist for the future, ordered his Tongue to be cut out, and both his Hands to be chopped off. Aretine is too trite an Instance. Every one knows that all the Kings of Europe were his Tributaries. Nay, there is a Letter of his extant, in which he makes his Boasts that he had laid the Sophy of Persia under Contribution.

THOUGH in the various Examples which I have here drawn together, these several great Men behaved themselves very differently towards the Wits of the Age who had reproached them; they all of them plainly shewed that they were very sensible of their Reproaches, and consequently that they received them as very great Injuries. For my own part, I would never trušt a Man that I thought was capable of giving these secret Wounds; and cannot but think that he would hurt the Person, whose Reputation he thus assaults, in his Body or in his Fortune, could he do it with the fame Security. There is indeed something very barbarous and inhuman in the ordinary Scriblers of Lampoons. An innocent young Lady shall be exposed, for an unhappy Feature. A Father of a Family turned to Ridicule, for some domestick Calamity. A Wife be made uneasie all her Life, for a misinterpreted Word or Adion. Nay, a good, a temperate, and a just Man, shall be put out of Countenance by

the

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