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Society, as being altogether unfurnished with Ideas, till the Business and Conversation of the Diy has supplied them. I have often considered these poor Souls with an Eye of great Commiseration, when I have heard them asking the first Man they have met with, whether there was any News stirring! and by that Means gathering together Materials for Thinking. These needy Persons do not know what to talk of, till about Twelve a-Clock in the Morning; for by that Time they are pretty good Judges of the Weather, know which Way the Wind sits, and whether the Dutch Mail be come in. As they lie at the Mercy of the first Man they meet, and are grave or impertinent all the Day long, according to the Notions which they have imbibed in the Morning, I would earnestly entreat them not to stir out of their Chambers till they have read this Paper, and do promife them that I will daily instill into them such sound and wholesome Sentiments, as shall have a good Effect on their Conversation for the ensuing twelve Hours.
BUT there are none to whom this Paper will be more useful, than to the Female World. I have often thought there has not been fufficient Pains taken in finding out proper Employments and Diversions for the Fair ones.
Their Amusements seem contrived for them, rather as they are Women, than as they are reasonable Creatures, and are more adapted to the Sex than to the Species. The Toilet is their great Scene of Business, and the right adjusting of their Hair the principal Employment of their Lives. The forting of a Suit of Ribbons, is reckon'd a very good Morning's Work; and if they make an Excursion to a Mercer's or a Toy-shop, fo great a Fatigue makes them unfit for any thing else all the Day after. Their more serious Occupations are Sowing and Embroidery, and their greatest Drudgery the Preparation of Jellies and Sweet-meats. This, I say, is the State of ordinary Women; tho' I know there are Multitudes of those of a more elevated Life and Conver. sation, that move in an exalted Sphere of Knowledge and Virtue, that join all the Beauties of the Mind to the Ornaments of Dress, and inspire a kind of Awe and Refpect, as well as Love, into their Male-Beholders. I hope to encrease the Number of these by Publishing this daily
Paper, which I shall always endeavour to make an innocent if not an improving Entertainment, and by that Means at least divert the Minds of my Female Readers from greater Trifles. At the same Time, as I would fain
give some finishing Touches to those which are already the most beautiful Pieces in human Nature, I shall endeavour to point out all those Imperfections that are the Blemishes, as well as those Virtues which are the Embelishments, of the Sex. In the mean while I hope these my gentle Readers, who have so much time on their Hands, will not grudge throwing away a Quarter of an Hour in a Day on this Paper, since they may do it without any Hindrance to Business.
I know several of my Friends and Well-wishers are in great Pain for me, left I should not be able to keep up the Spirit of a Paper which I oblige my self to furnish every Day : But to make them easie in this Particular, I will promise them faithfully to give it over as soon as I grow dull. This I know will be Matter of great Raillery to the small Wits, who will frequently put me in mind of my Promise, desire me to keep my Word, assure me that it is high Time to give over, with many other little Pleasantries of the like Natune, which Men of a little smart Genius cannot forbear throwing out against their best Friends, when they have such a Handle given them of being witty. But let them remember that I do hereby enter my Caveat against this Piece of Raillery,
No 11. Tuesday, March 13.
Dat veniam corvis, vexat cenfura columbus. Juv.
RIETT A is visited by all Perlons of both Sexes, who have any Pretence to Wit and Gallantry. She
is in that time of Life which is neither affected with the Follies of Youth, or Infirmities of Age; and her Conversation is so mixed with Gaiety and Prudence, that The is agreeable both to the Young and the Old. Her
Behaviour is very frank, without being in the least blameable; as she is out of the Tract of any amorous or ambitious Pursuits of her own, her Visitants entertain her with Accounts of themselves very freely, whether they concern their Passions or their Interests. I made her a Visit this Afternoon, having been formerly introduced to the Honour of her Acquaintance, by my Friend WILL. HONEYCOMB, who has prevaild upon her to admit me sometimes into her Assembly; as a civil inoffensive Man, I found her accompanied with one Person only, a Com. mon-Place Talker, who, upon my Entrance, arose, and after a very night Civility set down again; then turning to Arietta, pursued his Discourse, which I found was upon the old Topick of Constancy in Love, He went on with great Facility in repeating what he talks every Day of his Life; and with the Ornaments of insignificant Laughs and Gestures, enforced his Arguments by Quotations out of Plays and Songs, which allude to the Perjuries of the Fair, and the general Levity of Women. Methought he strove to shine more than ordinarily in his Talkative Way, that he might insult my Silence, and di. ftinguish himself before a Woman of Arietta's Taste and Understanding. She had often an Inclination to interrupt him, but could find no Opportunity, till the Larum ceased of it self; which it did not till he had repeated and murdered the celebrated Story of the Ephesian Matron.
ARIETT A seemed to regard this Piece of Raillery as an Outrage done to her Sex; as indeed I have always observed that Women, whether out of a nicer Regard to their Honour, or what other Reason I cannot tell, are more sensibly touched with those general Aspersions which are cast upon their Sex, than Men are by what is said of theirs.
WHEN she had a little recovered her self from the ferious Anger she was in, she replied in the following manner.
SIR, When I consider how perfe&ly new all you have said on this Subject is, and that the Story you have given us is not quite two Thousand Years old, I cannot but think it a piece of Presumption to dispute with you: But your Quotations put me in Mind of the Fable of the Lion and the Man.
The Man walking with that
noble Animal, shewed him, in the Oftentation of Human Superiority, a sign of a Man killing a Lion. Upon which the Lion said very justly, We Lions are none of us Painters, else we could shew a hundred Men killed by Lions, for one Lion killed by a Man. You Men are Writers, and can represent us Women as Unbecoming as you please in your Works, while we are unable to return the Injury. You have twice or thrice observed in your Discourse, that Hypocrisie is the very Foundation of our Education; and that an Ability to dissemble our Affections is a profeffed Part of our Breeding. These, and such other Reflections, are sprinkled up and down the Writings of all Ages, by Authors, who leave behind them Memorials of their Rés sentment against the Scorn of particular Women, in Invectives against the whole Sex. Such a Writer, I doubt not, was the celebrated Petronius, who invented the pleasant Aggravations of the Frailty of the Ephesian Lady; but when we consider this Question between the Sexes, which has been either a Point of Dispute or Raillery ever since there were Men and Women, let us take Fa&ts from plain People, and from such as have not either Ambition or Capacity to embellish their Narrations with any Beauties of Imagination. I was the other Day amulíng my self with Ligon's Account of Barbadoes; and, in Answer to your well-wrought Tale., I will give you (as it dwells upon my Memory) out of that honeft Traveller, in his fifty fifth Page, the History of Inkle and rarico.
Mr. Thomas Inkle, of London, aged twenty Years, embarked in the Downs on the good Ship called the Achilles, bound for the West-Indies, on the 16th of June, 1647, in order to improve his Fortune by Trade and Merchandize. Our Adventurer was the third Son of an eminent Citizen, who had taken particular Care to instil into his Mind an early Love of Gain, by making hiin a perfect Master of Numbers, and consequently giving him a quick View of Loss and Advantage, and preventing the natural-Impulses. of his Passions, by Prepoffeffion towards his Interests. With a Mind thus turned, young Inkle had a Person every way agreeable, a ruddy Vigour in his Countenance, Strength in his Limbs, with Ringlets of fair Hair loosely flowing on his Shoulders. It happened, in the Course of the Voyage, that the Achilles, in some Diftress, put Yo, I,
into a Creek on the Main of America, in Search of Provisions: The Youth, who is the Hero of my Story, among others went ashore on this Occasion. From their first Landing they were observed by a Party of Indians, who hid themselves in the Woods for that Purpose. The English unadvisedly marched a great distance from the Shore into the Country, and were intercepted by the Natives, who flew the greatest Number of them. Our Adventurer escaped among others, by flying into a Foreft. Upon his coming into a remote and pathless Part of the Wood, he threw himself, tired, and breathlels, on a little Hillock, when an Indian Maid rushed from a Thicket behind him: After the first Surprize, they appeared mutually agreeable to each other. If the European was highly Charned with the Limbs, Features and wild Graces of the Naked American; the American was no less taken with the Dress, Complexion, and Shape of an Exropean, covered from Head to Foot. The Indian grew immediately enamoured of him, and consequently follicitous for his Preservation : She therefore conveyed him to a Cave, where she gave him a delicious Repast of Fruits, and led him to a Stream to flake his Thirst. In the midst of these good Offices, she would sometimes play with his Hair, and delight in the Opposition of its Colour to that of her Fingers: Then open his Bosom, then laugh at him for covering it. She was, it seems, a Person of Distinction, for she every Day came to him in a different Dress, of the most beautiful Shells, Bugles, and Bredes. She likewise brought him a great many Spoils, which her other Lovers had presented to her, lo that his Cave was richly adorned with all the spotted Skins of Beasts, and most Party-coloured Feathers of Fowls, which that World afforded. To make his Confinement more tolerable, she would carry him in the Dusk of the Evening, or by the favour of Moon-light, to unfrequent. ed Groves and Solitudes, and Thew him where to lye down in safety, and seep amidst the Falls of Waters, and Melody of Nightingales. Her part was to watch and hold him awake in her Arms, for fear of her Countrymen, and wake him on Occasions to consult his Safety. In this manner did the Lovers pass away their Time, till they had learned a Language of their own, in which the