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their Children, Care of their Families, and Love of
their Husbands, which are the great Qualities and At-
chievements of Womankind: As the making of War, the
carrying on of Traffick, the Administration of Justice, are
those by which Men grow famous, and get themselves a

BUT as this Passion for Admiration, when it works
according to Reason, improves the beautiful Part of our
Species in every thing, that is Laudable; so nothing is
more Destructive to them when it is governed by Vanity
and Folly. What I have therefore here to say, only re.
gards the vain Part of the Sex, whom for certain Reasons,
which the Reader will hereafter see at large, I shall diftin.
guish by the Name of Idols. An Idol is wholly taken up
in the Adorning of her Person. You see in every Pofture
of her Body, Air of her Face, and Motion of her Head,
that it is her Business and Employment to gain Adorers,
For this Reason your Idols appear in all publick Places and
Assemblies, in order to seduce Men to their worship. The
Play-house is very frequently filled with Idols; several of
thein are carried in Procession every Evening about the
Ring, and several of them set up their Worship even in
Churches. They are to be accosted in the Language proper
to the Deity. Life and Death are in their Power : Joys of
Heaven and Pains of Hell are at their disposal : Paradise is
in their Arms, and Eternity in every Moment that you
are present with them. Rapiures, Transports and Ecstasies
are the Rewards which they confer : Sighs and Tears,
Prayers and broken Hearts are the Offerings which are
paid to them. Their Smiles make Men happy; their
Frowns drive them to Despair. I shall only add under this
Head, that Ovid's Book of the Art of Love is a kind of
Heathen Ritual, which contains all the Forms of Worship
which are made use of to an Idol.

IT would be as difficult a Task to reckon up. these dif. ferent kinds of Idols, as Milton's was to number those that were known in Canaan, and the Lands adjoining. Most of them are Worshipped, like Moloch, in Fires and Flames. Some of them, like. Baal, love to see their Votaries cuc and Nashed, and shedding their Blood for them. Some of them, like the Idol in the Apocrypha, must have Treats and Collations prepared for them every Night. It has

inded been known, that some of them have been used by their incensed Worshippers like the Chinese Idols, who are Whipped and Scourged when they refuse to comply with the Prayers that are offered to them.

I must here observe, that those Idolaters who devote themselves to the Idol's I am here speaking of, differ very much from all other kinds of Idolaters. For as others fall out because they worship different Idols, these Idolaters quarrel because they Worship the same.

THE Intention therefore of the Idol is quite contrary to the Wishes of the Idolater'; as the one desires to confine the Idol to himself, the whole Business and Ambition of the other is to multiply Adorers. This Humour of an Idol is prettily defcribed in a Tale of Ckaucer: He represents one of them fitting at a Table with three of her Votaries about her, who are all of them courting her Favour, and paying their Adorations : She smiled upon one, drank to another, and trod upon the other's Foot which was under the Table. Now which of these three, says the old Bard, do you think was the Favourite? In troth, says he, not one of all the three.

THE Behaviour of this old Idol in Chaucer, puts me in mind of the Beautiful Clarinda, one of the greatest Idols among the Moderns. She is worshipped once a week by Candle-light in the midst of a large Congregation, generally called an Assembly. Some of the gayeft Youths in the Nation endeavour to plant themselves in her Eye, while she sits in form with multitudes of Tapers burning about her. To encourage the Zeal of her Idolaters, the bestows a Mark of her Favour upon every one of them, before they go out of her Presence. She asks a Question of one, tells a story to another, glances an Ogle upon a third, takes a Pinch of Snuff from the fourth, lets her Fan drop by accident to give the fifth an occasion of taking it up. In short, every one goes away satisfied with his Success, and encouraged to renew his Devotions on the same Canonical Hour that Day Sevennight.

AN Idol may be Undeified by many accidental Causes. Marriage in particular is a kind of Counter-Apotheosis, or a Deification inverted. When a Man becomes familiar with his Goddess, she quickly links into a Woman.


OLD Age is likewise a great Decayer of your Idol : The truth of it is, there is not a more unhappy Being than a Superannuated Idel, especially when she has contracted such Airs and Behaviour as are only Graceful when her Worshippers are about her.

CONSIDERING therefore that in these and ma. ny other Cases the Woman generally out-lives the Idol, I must return to the Moral of this paper, and desire my fair Readers to give a proper Direction to their Passion for being admired: In order to which, they must endeavour to make themselves the Objects of a reasonable and lafting Admiration. This is not to be hoped for from Beauty, or Dress, or Fashion, but from those inward Or, naments which are not to be defaced by Time or Sickness, and which appear-most amiable to those who are most acquainted with them.


N° 74.

Friday, May 25.


Pendent opera interrupta

Virg. N my last Monday's Paper I gave some general In

stances of those beautiful Strokes which please the

Reader in the old Song of Chevy Chase; I shall here, according to my Promise, be more particular, and shew that the Sentiments in that Ballad are extreamly natural and poetical, and full of the majestick Simplicity which we admire in the greatest of the ancient Poets : For which Reason I shall quote several Passages of it, in which the Thought is altogether the same with what we meet in several Passages of the Æneid ; not that I would infer from thence, that the Poet (whoever he was) proposed to himself any Imitation of those Passages, but that he was directed to them in general by the same Kind of Poetical Genius, and by the same Copyings after Nature.

HAD this old Song been filled with Epigranımatical Turns and Points of Wit, it might perhaps have pleased the wrong Taste of some Readers; but it would never have become the Delight of the common People, nor have warmed the Heart of Sir Philip sidney like



the Sound of a Trumpet, it is only Nature that can have this Effect, and please those Taftes which are the most unprejudiced or the most refined, I must however

beg Leave to dissent from so great an Authority, as that of Sir Philip Sidney, in the Judgment which he has passed as to the rude Style and evil Apparel of this antiquated Song; for there are several Parts in it where not only the Thought but the Languge is majestick, and the Numbers sonorous at least, the Apparel is much more gorgeous than many of the Poets made use of in Queen Elizabeth's Time, as the Reader will see in several of the following Quotations.

WHAT can be greater than either the Thought or che Expression in that Stanza,

To drive the Deer with Hound and Horn

Earl Piercy took his Way;
The Child may rue that was unborn

The Hunting of that Day! This way of considering the Misfortunes which this Bata tel would bring upon Pofterity, not only on those whe were born immediately after the Battel, and lost their Fathers in it, but on those also who perished in future Battels which took their rise from this Quarrel of the two Earls, is wonderfully beautiful, and conformable to the Way of Thinking among the ancient Poets, Audiet pugnas vitio parentum Rara juventus.

Hor. What can be more sounding and poetical, or resemble more the majestick Simplicity of the Ancients, than the following Stanzas

The stout Earl of Northuniberland

A Vow to God did make,
His Pleasure in the Scottish Woods

Three Summer's Days to take.
With fifteen hundred Bowmen bold,

All chofen Men of Might,
who knew full well, in Time of Need,

To aim their Shafts aright.
The Hounds ran swiftly thro' the Woods

The nimble Deer to take,
And with their Cries the Hills and Dales
An Eccho fhrill did make.


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Vocat ingenti Clamore Cithæron
Taygetique canes, domierixque Epidaurus equorum:
Et vox assensu nemorum ingeminata remugit,
Lo, yonder doth Earl Dowglas come,

His Men in Armour bright;
Full twenty hundred Scottish Spears,

All marching in our sight.
All Men of pleasant Tividale,

Fast by the River Tweed, &c.
The Country of the Scotch Warriors, described in there
two last Verses, has a fine romantick Situation, and af-
fords a Couple of smooth Words for Verse. If the Reader
compares the foregoing fix Lines of the Song with the fol-
lowing Latin Verses, he will see how much they are
written in the Spirit of Virgil.

Adverse campo apparent, haftasque reductis
Protendunt longè dextris ; a spicula vibrant :
Quique altum Preneste viri, quique arva Gabina
Junonis, gelidumque Anienem, & rofcida rivis
Hernica saxa colunt : qui rosea rura Velini,
Qui Tetrica horrentes rupes, montemque Severum,
Casperiamque colunt, Forulofque er flumen Himellan

Qui Tiberim Fabarimque bibunt.
But to proceed.

Earl Dowglas on a milk-white Stud,

Most like a Baron bold,
Rode foremost of the Company

Whose Armour shone like Gold.
Turnus ut antevolans tardum precefferat agmen, &c.
Vidifti, quo Turnus equo, quibus ibat in armis

Our Englifh Archers bent their Bows,

Their Hearts were good and true;
At the first Flight of Arrows fent,

Full threescore Scots they flew.
They dos'd full fast on ev'ry Side,

No Slackness there was found;
And many a gallant Gentleman

Lay gaping on the Ground,



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