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I must here inform my Reader, that the Frontiers of the Enchanted Region, which I have before described, were inhabited by the Species of MIXED WIT, who made a very odd Appearance when they were mustered together in an Army. There were Men whose. Bodies were stuck full of Darts, and Women whose Eyes were Burning-glasses: Men that had Hearts of Fire, and Women that had Breasts of Snow. It would be endless to describe several Monsters of the like Nature, that compofed this great Army; which immediatedly fell asunder and divided it self into two Parts, the one half throwing themfelves behind the Banners of TRUTH, and the others behind those of FAL SE HOO D.
THE Goddess of FALSE HOOD was of a Gigantick Stature, and advanced some Paces before the Front of her Army; but as the dazling Light, which flowed from TRUTH,'began to shine upon her, she faded insensibly; insomuch that in a little space she looked rather like an huge Phantom, than a real Subffance. At length, as the Goddess of Truth approached still nearer to her, she fell away entirely, and vanished amidst the Brightness of her Presence; so that there did not remain the least Trace or, Impression of her Figure in the Place where she had been feen.
AS at the rising of the Sun the Constellations grow thin, and the Stars go out one after another, till the whole Hemisphere is extinguished; such was the vanilha ing of the Goddess: and not only of the Goddess her self, but of the whole Army that attended her, which fympaq thized with their Leader, and shrunk into Nothings in proportion as the Goddess disappeared. At the same time the whole Temple funk, the Filh betook themselves to the Streams and the wild Beasts to the Woods, the Fountains recovered their Murmurs, the Birds their Voices, the Trees their Leaves, the Flowers their Scents, and the whole Face of Nature its true and genuine Appearance. Tho'I ftill continued asleep, I fancied myself as it were awakened out of a Dream, when I saw this Region of Prodigies restored to Woods and Rivers, Eields and Meadows,
UPON the Removal of that wild Scene of Wonders, which had very much disturbed my Imagination, I took.
a full Survey of the Persons of Wit and TRUTH; for indeed it was impossible to look upon the first, without seeing the other at the same time. There was behind them a strong and compact Body of Figures. The Genius of Heroick Poetry appeared with a Sword in her Hand, and a Lawrel on her Head. Tragedy was crowned with Gypress, and covered with Robes dipped in Blood. Satyr had Smiles in her Look, and a Dagger under her Garment, Rhetorick was known by her Thunderbolt; and Comedy by her Mask. After several other Figures, Epigram marcha ed in the Rear, who had been posted there at the Beginning of the Expedition, that he might not revolt to the Enemy, whom he was suspected to favour in his Heart. I was very much awed and delighted with the Appearance of the God of Wit; there was something so amiable and yet so piercing in his Looks, as inspired me at once with Love and Terror. As I was gazing on him · to my unspeakable Joy, he took a Quiver of Arrows from his Shoulder, in order to make me a Present of it; but as i Iwas reaching out my Hand to receive it of him I knocked it against-a Chair, and by: that means awaked. C.
Monday, May 14.
Hic vivimus Ambitiofa
HE most improper things we commit in the Coneduct of our Lives, we are led into by the Force."
of Fashion. Inftances might be given, in which a prevailing Custom makes us a&t against the Rules of Nawaturc, Law and common Sense; but at present I shall con fine my Consideration of the Effect it has upon Mens Minds, by looking into our Behaviour when it is the Fa. Thion to go into Mourning. The Custom of representing the Grief we have for the Loss of the Dead by our Habits, certainly had its Rise from the real Sorrow of such Is were too much distressed to take the proper Care they. ought of their Dress. By Degrees it. prevailed, that such .
as had this inward Oppression upon their Minds, made an Apology for not joining with the rest of the World in their ordinary Diversions, by a Dress suited to their Condition. This therefore was at firft affumed by such only as were under real Diftress; to whom it was a Relief that they had nothing about them fo light and gay as to be irklome to the Gloom and Melancholy of their inward Refle&tions, or that might misrepresent them to others. In Process of Time this laudable Diftinction of the Sor. rowful was loft, and Mourning is now worn by Heirs and Widows. You see nothing but Magnificence and Solemnity in the Equipage of the Relict, and an Air of Release from Servitude in the Pomp of a Son who has loft a wealthy Father. This Fashion of Sorrow is now become a generous Part of the Ceremonial between Princes and Sovereigns, who in the Language of all Nations are styled Brothers to each other, and put on the Purple upon the Death of any Potentate with whom they live in Amity. Courriers, and all who wish themselves such, are immediately seized with Grief from Head to Foot upon this Disaster to their Prince; fo that one inay know by the very Buckles of a Gentleman-U sher, w.hat Degree of Friendship any deceased Monarch maintained with the Court to which he belongs. A good Courtier's Habit and Behaviour is hieroglyphical on these Occasions : He deals much in Whispers, and you may see he dresses cording to the best Intelligence.
THE general Affectation among Men, of appearing greater than they are, makes the whole World run into the Habit of the Court. You see the Lady, who the Day before was as various as a Rainbow, upon the Time appointed for beginning to mnourn, as dark as a Cloud. This Humour does not prevail only on those whofe Fortunes can support any change in their Equipage, not on those only whofe Incomes demand the Wantonnefs of new Appearacces; but on such also who have just enough to cloath them. An old Acquaintance of mine, of Ninety Pounds a Year, who has naturally the Vanity of being a Man of Fashion deep at his Heart, is very much put to it to bear the Mortality of Princes. He made a new black Suit
upon the Death of the King of Spain, he turned it for the King of Portugal, and he now keeps his Chamber while
it is fcouring for the Emperor. He is a good Oecono. mift in his Extravagance, and makes only a fresh black Button upon his Iron-grey Suit for any Potentate of small Territories; he indeed adds his Crape Harband for a Prince whose Exploits he has admired in the Gazette. But whatever Compliments may be made on these Occasions, the true Mourners are the Mercers, Silkmen, Lacemen and Milliners. A Prince of a merciful and royal Difpofition would reflect with great Anxiety upon the Prospect of his Death, if he confidered what Numbers would be reduced to Misery by that Accident only : He would think it of Moment enough to dire&, that in the Notification of his Departure, the Honour done to him might be reftrained to those of the Houshold of the Prince to whom it should be fignified. He would think a general Mourn. ing to be in a less Degree the same Ceremony which is pra&tised in barbarous Nations, of killing their Slaves to attend the Obfequies of their Kings.
I had been wonderfully at a Lofs for many Months together, to guess at the Character of a Man who came now and then to our Coffee-house: He ever ended a News-paper with this Refle&ion, well, 1 see all the Foreign Princes are in good Health. If you asked, Pray, Sir, What fays the Poliman from Vienna ? he answered, Make us thankful, the German Princes are all Well: What does he say from Barcelona? He does not Speak but that the Country agrees very well with the new Queen. After very much Enquiry, I found this Man of universal Loyalty was a wholesale Dealer in Silks and Ribbons: His Way is, it seems, if he hires a Weaver or Workman, to have it inserted in his Articles, That all this shall be well and truly performed, provided no foreign Potentate shall & depart this Life within the Time above-mentioned.' It happens in all publick Mournings, that the many Trades which depend upon our Habits, are during that Folly either pinched with present Want or terrified with the apparent Approach of it. All the Atonement which Men can make for wanton Expences (which is a fort of infulting the Scarcity under which others labour) is, that the Superfluities of the Wealthy give Supplies to the Nocessities of the Poor ; but instead of any other Good arifing from the Affectation of being in courtly Habits of
Mourning, all Order seems to be destroyed by it; and the true Honour which one Court does to another on that Occasion, loses its Force and Efficacy. When a foreign Minister beholds the Court of a Nation (which flourilhes in Riches and Plenty) lay aside, upon the Loss of his Ma-. fter, all Marks of Splendor and Magnificence, though the Head of such a joyful People, he will conceive a greater Idea of the Honour done his Master, than when he sees the Generality of the People in the same Habit. When one is afraid to ask the Wife of a Tradesman whom he . has lost of her Family; and after some Preparation en-. deavours to know whom she mourns for; how ridicu.. lows is it to hear her explain her self, That we have lost. one of the House of Austria ? Princes are elevated so highly above the rest of Mankind, that it is a presumptuous Distinction to take a Part in Honours done to their Me. mories, except we have Authority for it, by being related in a particular Manner to the Court which pays that Veneration to their Friendship, and seems to express on such an Occasion the Sense of the Uncertainty of human Life in general, by assuming the Habit of Sorrow though in the full Poffeffion of Triumph and Royalty. R:
Tuesday, May 15.
Demetri teque Tigelli Discipularum inter Fubeo plorare cathedras. Hor. FTER having at large explained what Witis, and;
described the false Appearances of it, all that La-
bour seems but an useless Enquiry, without some” Time be spent in considering the Application of it. The Seat of Wit, when one speaks as a Man of the Town and the World, is the Play-house; I shall therefore fill this Paper with Reflections upon the Use of it in that Place: 'The Application of Wit in the
Theatre has as strong an Effect upon the Manners of our Gentlemen, as the Taste of it has upon the Writings of our Authors. It may, perhaps, look like a very presumptuous Work, shough not Foreign from.