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of Rgypt, I made a Voyage to Grand Cairo, on purpose to take the Measure of a Pyramid : And as soon as I had fet my self right in that Particular, returned to my native Country with

great Satisfaction. I have passed my latter Years in this City, where I am: frequently seen in most publick Places, tho' there are not above half a dozen of my select Friends that know me; of whom my next Paper shall give a more particular Acecount. There is no Place of general Resort, wherein I do not often make my Appearance; sometimes I am seen thrusting my Head into a Round of Politicians at Will's; and listning with great Attention to the Narratives that are made in those litele circular Audiences. Sometimes I smoak a Pipe at Child's, and whilft I seem attentive to nothing but the Post-Man, over-hear the Conversation of every řable in the Room. I appear on Sunday Nights at: St. James's Coffee-house, and sometimes join the little Committee of Politicks in the Inner-Room, as one who comes there to hear and improve. My Face is likewise : very well known at the Grecian, the Cocoa-Tree, and in the Theatres both of Drury-Lane and the Hay-Market. I. have been taken for a Merchant upon the Exchange for ad bove these ten Years, and sometimes pass for a few in the Affembly of Stock - Jobbers at Jonathan's: In short, where-ever I fee a Cluster of People, I always mix with them, though I never open my Lips but in my own Club,

THUS I live in the World rather as a Spectator of Mankind; than as one of the Species; by which Means í habe made

my self a speculative Statefman, Soldier, Mere chant and Artizan, without ever medling with any practi. cal Pårt in Life. I am very well versed in the Theory of a Husband or a Father, and can discern the Errors in the Oeconomy, Business and Diversion of others, better than: those who are engaged in them; as Standers-by discover Blots, which are apt to escape those who are in the Game: I never espoused any Party with Violence, and am resol. ved to observe an exa& Neutrality between the Whigs and Tories, unless I shall be forced to declare

self by the Hoftilities of eithor Side. In short, I have acted in all the Parts of my Life as a Looker-on, which is the Character I intend to preserve in this paper,


I have given the Reader juft so much of my History and Character, as to let him sec I am not altogether unqualified for the Business I have undertaken. As for other Particulars in my Life and Adventures, I shall insert them in following Papers, as I shall see Occasion. In the mean time, when I consider how much I have leen, read and heard, I begin to blame my own Taciturnity ; and since I have neither Time nor inclination to communicate the Fulness of my Heart in Speech, I am resolved to do it in writing, and to print my self out, if possible, before I die. I have been often told by my Friends, that it is pity so many useful Discoveries which I have made should be in the Poffefsion of a silent Man. For this Reason therefore, I shall publish a Sheet-full of - Thoughts every Morning, for the Benefit of my Contemporaries; and if I can any way contribute to the Di. version or Improvement of the Country in which I live, I shall leave it, when I am summoned out of it, with the fecret Satisfa&ion of thinking that I have not lived in vain.

THERE are three very material Points which I have not spoken to in this paper; and which, for several important Reasons, I must keep to my self, at least for some Time : I mean, an Account of my Name, my Age, and my Lodgings. I must confess, I would gratify my Rea. der in any Thing that is reasonable ; but as for these three Particulars, though I am senfible they might tend very much to the Establishment of my Paper, I cannot yet come to a Resolution of communicating them to the Pub. lick. They would indeed draw me out of that Obscurity which I have enjoy'd for many Years, and expose me in publick Places to several Salutes and Civilities, which have been always very disagreeable to me; for the greateft Pain I can suffer, is the being talked to, and being kared at. It is for this Reason likewise, that I keep my Complection and Dress as very great Secrets; tho it is not impossible, but I may make Discoveries of both in zhe Progress of the Work I have undertaken.

AFTER having been thus particular upon my felf, I shall in To-morrow's Paper give an Account of those Gentlemen who are concerned with me in this Work ; for, as I have before intimated, a Plan of it is laid and


concerted (as all other Matters of Importance are in a Club. However, as my Friends have engaged me to stand in the front, those who have a mind to correspond with me, may direct their Letters to the SPECTATOR, at Mr. Buckley's in Little-Britain. For I must further ac. quaint the Reader, that tho' our Club meets only on Tuesdays and Thursdays, we have appointed a Committee to fit every Night, for the Inspection of all such Papers as may contribute to the Advancement of the Publick Weal.


N° 2.

Friday, March 2.

Aft alii fex
Et plures uno conclamant ore. - Juv.
HE firft of our Society is a Gentleman of Worcester-

Sir ROGER DE COVER LEY. His Great Grandfather was Inventor of the famous Country-Dance which is called after him. All who know that Shire, are very well acquainted with the Parts and Merits of Sir ROGER. He is a Gentleman that is very singular in his Behaviour, but his Singularities proceed from his good Sense, and are Contradi&tions to the Manners of the World, only as he thinks the World is in the Wrong;. However, this Hu. mour creates bim no Enemies, for he does nothing with Sourness or Obstinacy; and his being unconfined to Modesand Forms, makes him but the readier and more capable to please and oblige all who know him. When he is in Town, he lives in Soho-Square. It is said, he keeps himself a Batchelor by reason he was croffed in Love, by a perverse beautiful Widow of the next County to him. Before this Disappointment, Sir ROGER was what you call a fine Gentleman, had often supped with my Lord Rochester and Sir George Etherege, fought a Duel upon his first coming to Town, and kick'd Bully Dawson in a publick Coffee-house for calling him Youngster. But

being ill used by the above-mentioned Widow, he was Very serious for a Year and a half; and though, his Temper being aaturally jovial, he at last got over it, he grew careless of himself, and never drefled afterwards. He continues to wear a Coat and Doublet of the same Cut that were in Fashion at the Time of his Repulse, which, in his merry Humours, he tells us, has been in and out twelve Times since he first wore it.' 'Tis said Sir ROGER grew humble in his Desires after he had forgot this cruel Beauty, insomuch that it is reported he has frequently offended in Point of Chastity with Beggars and Gypsies: But this is looked upon by his Friends rather as Matter of Raillery than Truth. He is now in his fifty sixth Year,cheerful, gay and hearty; keeps a good House both in Town and Country; a great Lover of Mankind; but there is such a mirthful Caft in his Behaviour, that he is. rather beloved than esteemed: His Tenants grow rich, his Servants look satisfied, all the young Women profess Love to him, and the young Men are glad of his Com. pany: When he cornes into a House he calls the Servants by their Names, and talks all the way up Stairs to a Visit. I must not omit, that Sir ROGER is a Justice of the Quorum; that he fills the Chair at a Quarter-Session with great Abilities, and three Months ago gained universal Applause by explaining a Passage in the GameAct.

THE Gentleman next in Efteem and Authority among us, is another Batchelor, who is a Member of the Inner-Temple; a Man of great Probity, Wit, and Underftanding, but he has chofen his Place of Residence rather to obey

the Direction of an old humoursome Father, than in Pursuit of his own Inclinations. He was placed there to study the Laws of the Land, and is the most learned of any of the House in those of the Stage. Aristotle and Longinus are much betcer understood by him than Little. ton or Cooke. The Father sends up every Post Questions relating to Marriage-Articles, Leases, and Tenures, in the Neighbourhood; all which Questions he agrees with : an Attorney to anfwer and take care of in the Lump: He is studying the Pafhons themselves, when he should be inquiring into the Debates among Men which arise


from them. He knows the Argument of each of the Orations of Demofthenes and Tully, but not one Case in the Reports of our own Courts. No one ever took him for a Fool, but none, except his intimate Friends, know he has a great deal of Wit. This Turn makes him at once both disinterested and agreeable: As few of his Thoughts are drawn from Bufinels, they are most of them fit for Conversation. His Taste of Books is a little too just for the Age he lives in; he has read all, but approves


very few. His Familiarity with the Cuftoms, Manners, A&ions, and Writings of the Ancients, makes him a very delicate Observer of what occurs to him in the present World. He is an excellent Critick, and the Time of the Play is his Hour of Business; exa&ly at five he passes thro' New-Inn, crosses thro' Rugel-Court, and takes a turn at Will's till the Play begins; he has his Shoes rubbed and his Periwig powdered at the Barber's as you go into the Rose. It is for the Good of the Au. dience when he is at a Play, for the A&ors have an Ambi. tion to pleafe him.

THE Person of next Consideration, is Sir ANDREW FREEPORT, a Merchant of great Eminence in the City of London. A Person of indefatigable Industry, ftrong Reason, and great Experience. His Notions of Trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich Man has usually fome dy Way of Jefting, which would make no great Figure were he not a rich Man) he calls the Sea the British Common. He is acquainted with Commerce in all its Parts, and will tell you it is a stupid and barbarous Way to extend Dominion by Arms; for true Power is to be got by Arts and In-duftry. He will often argue, that if this part of our: Trade were well cultivated, we should gain from one Nation; and if another, from another. I have heard him prove, that Diligence makes more lasting Acquisitions than Valour, and that Sloth has ruin'd more Na.. tions than the Sword. He abounds in several frugal . Maxims, amongst which the greatest Favourite is, ' A • Penny faved is a Penny got. A general Trader

of good Sense, is pleasanter Company than a general Scholar; and Sir AN D'R'E W having a natural unaffected Elo.. lence, the Perspicuity of his Discourss gives the same


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