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abstinence according actual advances to nature advantage amount borrow capital capitalist causes changing chapter conception consider consumption cost course curves defined definition dependent determined diagram difference dollar economic effect embodied employed equal estimated example exchange exist explained expressed fact Figure follows future give given greater groups hand immediate important income increase investment involved kind labour labour power land later least less loan marginal marginal utility market value mean necessary nominal value normal normal price notes objective opportunities pain period person plane pleasure positive present principal problem production profit provision quantity question rate of interest reason receive regard relatively rent represented result selling sense shillings simply society sort stands subjective factor supply suppose surplus theory thing third tion true unit wages whole yield
Сторінка 154 - To abstain from the enjoyment which is in our power, or to seek distant rather than immediate results, are among the most painful exertions of the human will.
Сторінка 1 - For money was intended to be used in exchange, but not to increase at interest. And this term interest, which means the birth of money from money, is applied to the breeding of money because the offspring resembles the parent. Wherefore of all modes of getting wealth this is the most unnatural.
Сторінка 162 - The cry for an equality of wages rests, therefore, upon a mistake, is an insane wish never to be fulfilled. It is an offspring of that false and superficial radicalism that accepts premises and tries to evade conclusions.
Сторінка 152 - That the powers of Labour, and of the other instruments which produce wealth, may be indefinitely increased by using their Products as the means of further Production.
Сторінка 160 - The value, or WORTH of a man, is as of all other things, his price; that is to say, so much as would be given for the use of his power : and therefore is not absolute ; but a thing dependent on the need and judgment of another.
Сторінка 169 - The value of a commodity is determined by the total quantity of labor contained in it. But part of that quantity of labor is realized in a value for which an equivalent has been paid in the form of wages; part of it is realized in a value for which no equivalent has been paid. Part of the labor contained in the commodity is paid labor; part is unpaid labor.
Сторінка 163 - Power. If he worked daily six hours he would daily produce a value sufficient to buy the average amount of his daily necessaries, or to maintain himself as a labouring man. But our man is a wages labourer.
Сторінка 164 - The daily or weekly value of the labouring power is quite distinct from the daily or weekly exercise of that power, the same as the food a horse wants and the time it can carry the horseman are quite distinct. The quantity of...
Сторінка 151 - To the third principle or instrument of production, without which the two others are inefficient, we shall give the name of abstinence, a term by which we express the conduct of a person who either abstains from the unproductive use of what he can command, or designedly prefers the production of remote to that of immediate results.
Сторінка 127 - The question now is, what influence such differences of degree have on product. On the whole it may be said that not only are the first steps more productive, but that every lengthening of the roundabout process is accompanied by a further increase in the technical result; as the process, however, is lengthened the amount of product, as a rule, increases in a smaller proportion.