Hand-books of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy: Heat

Передня обкладинка
 

Відгуки відвідувачів - Написати рецензію

Не знайдено жодних рецензій.

Зміст

Walferdins maximum thermometer
26
Baudins alcohol minimum thermometer
27
Negretti and Zambras mercurial minimum thermometer Hi 36 Casellas mercurial minimum thermometer
28
Sixes selfregistering thermometer
29
Photographic mode of registering temperatures
30
Alcohol thermometers
31
The differential thermometer
32
Breguets metallic thermometer
33
Pyrometers
34
Wedge woods pyrometer
35
Brogniarts pyrometer
37
The weight thermometer
38
CHAPTER III
40
Measure of the force of dilatation
41
Compensators
50
Coefficient of expansion
51
Experimental determination of coefficients
52
Roy and Ramsdens method
53
Table of expansions
54
Influence of physical condition
55
Fizeaus experiments
56
Determination of cubical expansion 58 Variation of coefficients with temperature 59 Expansion of crystals 60 Exceptions to the general law of expan...
57
Apparent and absolute expansion
58
Methods of determining the expansion of liquids
59
Determinationof the absolute expansion of mercury
60
Regnaults determination
61
Results
64
Apparent expansion of mercury in glass vessels
66
The expansion of water
67
Experiments of Erman and Hope ib 72 Other methods of determining the maximum density
68
Importance of the phenomenon
69
Saline solutions
70
Strata of different density in the same liquid ib 76 Process of heating a liquid
71
Warming buildings by hot water
72
Oceanic currents
74
CHAPTER V
75
Dilatation of all gases uniform
76
Rudbergs researches
77
Regnaults experiments
79
Expansion of gases at different pressures
83
Application of results
84
Increase of pressure due to increase of temperature
87
Practical applications of the expansion of gases
88
Warming buildings by heated air
91
Ventilation of mines
92
Argand lamp
94
Experiments ib 93 Absolute temperature Absolute zero
95
CHAPTER VI
96
Calorimetric methods 96
98
BKOT PAOr 98 Bunsens icecalorimeter
101
Method of mixtures
102
Regnaults experiments
103
Regnaults tables of specific heat
104
Necessary precautions
110
Method of cooling
111
Specific heat of liquids
112
Specific heat of water and ice
113
Relation between specific heat and atomic weight
114
Relation of specific heat to various phenomena
116
Specific heat of gases and vapours
117
Formula for variation of specific heat with pressure
119
in Influence of difference in the physical condition ib 112 Summary of laws regulating the specific heat of bodies
121
CHAPTER VII
123
Heat latent in liquefaction
124
Latent heat rendered sensible by congelation
125
Liquefaction and congelation always gradual
126
Useful effects produced by latent heat
128
Alloys
132
Sulphur
133
Facility of liquefaction proportional to latent heat ib 126 Refractory bodies
134
Weldable metals
137
Table of freezing mixtures
138
Apparatus for producing artificial cold
141
Action of fluxes
142
Various experimental facts and practical consequences
143
Dutch tears
146
Retardation of solidification 147
147
Change of volume accompanying fusion and solidi fication
148
Influence of pressure on the temperature of fusion
150
Regelation
151
CHAPTER VIII
152
Vapour of a liquid an elastic fluid like air
154
Quantity of vapour in saturated space depends on temperature
156
Experiments on the relation between pressure and temperature
158
The apparatus of GayLussac ib 150 Daltons apparatus
161
Mechanical force developed in evaporation
163
Regnaults tables for steam and other vapours
166
Specific gravities of vapours
170
GayLussacs apparatus
171
Dumas method
173
Mixture of gases and vapours
175
Liquids at different temperatures in communication
177
Boutignys experiments
178
Expansion of vapours separated from liquid
179
Properties of superheated vapour ib 164 Effects of mere compression
180
Permanent gases are superheated vapours
181
Processes by which gases are liquefied and solidified ib 167 Gases which have been liquefied
182
Carbonic acid
183
Thiroliers apparatus
186
SKCT IAGK 171 Faradays method of liquefying gases
191
Exceptions to the general law
193
Ebullition
194
Influence of altitude
196
Laws of ebullition
198
Causes which modify the temperature of the boiling point
200
Rudbergs law
204
Babo and Wullners experiments
206
Influence of vessel
209
Influence of dissolved air
211
Experiments on the retardation of ebullition
215
Ebullition at high pressures
217
Apparatus to distil volatile liquids
231
Crystallisation produced by distillation
233
Decomposition by evaporation
234
Some effects of steam The waterhammer
235
Reaction of steam The eolipyle
236
Freezing by evaporation
237
Applications of latent heat of steam
238
CHAPTER IX
239
Relative and absolute humidity
240
The dewpoint
241
Daniells hygrometer ib 206 Regnaults hygrometer
243
Psychrometers
245
Leslies thermometric hygrometer
246
Formulte of reduction Glaishers factors
248
Precautions in using the dry and wet bulb hygrometer
252
Practical bearing of the dewpoint 253
253
Other hygrometric instruments
254
CHAPTER X
255
General chemical effects of heat
257
Influence of heat on chemical separation
258
Dissociation of gaseous compounds
259
Retardation of chemical action by lowering of tempe rature
260
General remarks on dissociation or thermolysis
261
CHAPTER XI
263
Compensation of pendulums for temperature
266
Grahams mercurial compensating pendulum
268
The barometercorrection
270
Superficial and cubical expansion
275
Illustrations of methods for determining expansion
278
Expansion of gases
285
Influence of expansion on the specific gravity of bodies
289
Determination of the density of vapours
291
Problems on temperaturecorrections
293
Expansion of alloys
296
Correction for fixed points of thermometers
297
Calibration of a thermometer
301
The airthermometer
304
Comparison of mercury and airthermometer
306
Siemens pyrometer
307
Practical determination of specific heat ib 240 Problems on specific heat
312
SECT PAGB 241 Pyroraetric use of specific heat
316
The two specific heats of air
317
Latent heat
318
Mixtures of vapours and gases
324
Problems on the tension and density of vapours
325
BOOK II
329
Table of conducting powers
331
Variations of conductivity in the same body
333
Conductivity of wood
334
Conductivity of organic substances
336
Rumfords experiments
337
Influence of mechanical state on conductivity
338
Transmission of heat along bars ib 255 Comparison of the conducting power of two rods
340
Absolute conductivity
342
Conductivity of liquids Convection
343
Conducting power of water
344
Conductivity of gases
347
Causes which influence the conductivity
350
Examples ib 262 Numerical expression for conductivity
354
Most recent experiments on conductivity in gases
355
Summary of the results of experiments
356
CHAPTER XIII
357
Instruments for the study of radiant heat
359
BECT PAOB 267 Thermal analysis of solar light
360
Refrangibility dependent on the nature of medium
361
Radiation of invisible rays
362
Reflection of heat
363
Absorption
365
Thermal equilibrium
367
Transmission of heat
368
Mellonis thermoscopic apparatus ib 276 Results of Mellonis experiments
369
Diathermancy
371
Polarisation of heat
372
Formation of dew 375
375
Artificial ice
376
Recent experiments and theories 377
377
Analogies between light and radiant heat
378
Law of diminution with the distance
380
Differences in emissive power
381
Relation between radiation and absorption
383
Elective absorption
384
Diathermancy of liquids
386
Influence of thickness
387
Quality of heat
389
Absorption by gaseous matter 39
390
Action of vapours
392
Action of perfumes
393
Absorption of aqueous vapour
394
Summary of phenomena
395
Reflexion and refraction
397
General results
399
CHAPTER XIV
400
Joules experiments
401
Heat rendered sensible by compression of air
402
Hirns experiment
404
Specific heat of air at constant volume and constant pressure
405
SECT PAGE 305 Further consequences and theoretical considerations
406
Steamengines Loss of heat when work is done
411
Other physical processes
412
Melting of ice
413
BOOK III
414
Combustion 311 Carbon 312 Hydrogen 313 Flame
415
Products of combustion
422
Construction of grates
424
Temperaturo necessary for combustion
431
Quantity of heat developed by combustibles
432
CHAPTER XVI
434
319 Temperature of blood
435
Chemical action accounts for total heat
440
Index
443
r r 415 ib 417 419 422 424 431
444

Інші видання - Показати все

Загальні терміни та фрази

Популярні уривки

Сторінка 7 - AN OUTLINE OF THE METHOD OF CONDUCTING A TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY. For the Formation of Geographical and Topographical Maps and Plans, Military Reconnaissance, LEVELLING, &c., with Useful Problems, Formulae, and Tables.
Сторінка 7 - Strains. THE STRAINS ON STRUCTURES OF IRONWORK; with Practical Remarks on Iron Construction. By FW SHEILDS, M. Inst. CE Second Edition, with 5 Plates. Royal 8vo, 5*. cloth. *' The student cannot find a better little book on this subject than that written by Mr.
Сторінка 7 - FRAS 2S. 97. STATICS AND DYNAMICS, the Principles and Practice of; embracing also a clear development of Hydrostatics, Hydrodynamics, and Central Forces. By T. BAKER, CE is.
Сторінка 5 - A Practical Treatise on Mechanical Engineering: Comprising Metallurgy, Moulding, Casting, Forging, Tools, Workshop Machinery, Mechanical Manipulation, Manufacture of SteamEngines, etc.
Сторінка 8 - Levelling. A TREATISE on the PRINCIPLES and PRACTICE of LEVELLING ; showing its Application to Purposes of Railway and Civil Engineering, in the Construction of Roads ; with Mr. TELFORD'S Rules for the same. By FREDERICK W. SIMMS, FGS, M. Inst. CE Sixth Edition, very carefully revised, with the addition of Mr.
Сторінка 11 - MA is. 6d. 136. ARITHMETIC, Rudimentary, for the Use of Schools and SelfInstruction. By JAMES HADDON, MA Revised by ABRAHAM ARMAN.
Сторінка 11 - HADDON'S RUDIMENTARY ARITHMETIC. By A. ARMAN. is. 6d. 168. DRAWING AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS. Including — I. Instruments employed in Geometrical and Mechanical Drawing, and in the Construction, Copying, and Measurement of Maps and Plans. II. Instruments used for the purposes of Accurate Measurement, and for Arithmetical Computations. By JF HEATHER, MA, late of the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, Author of " Descriptive Geometry,
Сторінка 27 - Magazine. THE HANDBOOK OF ELECTRICITY, MAGNETISM, and ACOUSTICS. New Edition. Edited by GEO. CAREY FOSTER, BA, FCS With 400 Illustrations. Post 8vo, 5*. cloth. " The book could not have been entrusted to any one better calculated to preserve the terse and lucid style of Lardner. while correcting his errors and bringing up his work to the present state of scientific knowledge.
Сторінка 9 - Steam Boilers. A TREATISE ON STEAM BOILERS : their Strength, Construction, and Economical Working. By R. WILSON, CE Fifth Edition. I2mo, 6s. cloth. " The best work on boilers which has come under our notice." — Engineering. "The best treatise that has ever been published on steam boilers.
Сторінка 31 - House Property. HANDBOOK OF HOUSE PROPERTY. A Popular and Practical Guide to the Purchase, Mortgage, Tenancy, and Compulsory Sale of Houses and Land, including the Law of Dilapidations and Fixtures; with Examples of all kinds of Valuations, Useful Information on Building, and Suggestive Elucidations of Fine Art. By EL TARBUCK, Architect and Surveyor. Fifth Edition, Enlarged, nmo, 5s. cloth. " The advice Is thoroughly practical.

Бібліографічна інформація