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ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

Part I.
English Grammar doth us teach,
That it hath nine parts of speech;-
Article, Adjective, and Noun,
Verb, Conjunction, and Pronoun,
With Preposition, and Adverb,
And Interjection, as I've heard.
The letters are just twenty-six,
These form all words, when rightly mix’d.
The Vowels are, a, e, o, i,
With u, and sometimes w and y.
Without the little vowel's aid,
No word or syllable is made ?
But Consonants the rest we call,
And so of these we've mention'd all.

PART II.

1 Three little words we often see,

Are Articles—a, an, and the. 2 A Noun's the name of any thing

As School, or Garden, Hoop, or Swing. 3 Adjectives tell the kind of noun

As great, small, pretty, white, or brown. 4. Instead of Nouns, the Pronouns stand

John's head, his face, my arm, your hand. 5 Verbs tell of something being done

To read, write, count, sing, jump, or run. .6 How things are done, the Adverbs tell

As slowly, quickly, ill, or well. ng Conjunctions join the Nouns together

As Men and Children, Wind or Weather. 5 A Preposition stands before

A Noun—as, in or through a Door,

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The interjection shows surprise-
As oh ! how pretty-ah! how wise.
The whole are call'd Niue Parts of Speech,
Which reading, writing, speaking teach.

ON THE ARTICLE.
s Three little words we often see
Are Articles--a, an, and the ;".
But yet in KIND, there are but two,
And what they're called I now will shew.
Indefinite, a or an will be,
Definite, is ascribed to the.
The first two, a or an, we say
When meaning one, as thus-a day;
But the we use to one or more
Of something, understood before.

ON THE NOUN.
“ A Noun's the name of any thing,
As School, or Garden, Hoop, or Swing."
Of these-TWO KINDS, we're all aware,
Common and Proper named they are.
Also TWO NUMBERS-known before
As Singular, one-Plural, more.
To Nouns, THREE GENDERS there will be, -
First Masculine or Male, as he;
Feminine, Female, known as she ;
Last, Neuter, which applies to all
That have not life-such, it, we call.
THREE CASEs next to Nouns we give, -
Nominative-as, Man may live :
Possessive next-as, John's new Coat:
Objective last-as, see the Boat.

ON THE ADJECTIVE.
“ Adjectives tell the kind of Noun,
As great, small, pretty, white, or brown.

Of these, COMPARISONS we see,
Their number, all allow are THREE:
First, the Positive stands in view,
Which merely states what kind to you:
Then, the Comparative does more,-
Adds to, or lessens that before :
The last, Superlative we call
Which shews the least, or most, of all.

ON THE VERB.

“ Verbs tell of something being done,
As tread, write, count, sing, jump, or run.”
Of Verbs, we're told, there are THREE KIND-
You'll Active, Passive, Neuter, find.
They've NUMBERS TWO-and PERSONS THREE,
Likewise Five Moods, plain as can be.
First, the Indicative will stand-
Th’ Imperative next, with high command-
Then the Potential-power and will ;
Next, the Subjunctive--doubting still ;
Last, the Infinitve we find,
All brought by certain signs to mind.
Verbs have THREE TENSES too we're told-
Present, Past, Future-they unfold.
Grammarians however claim
Six as their number-which I'll name.
Present, Imperfect, Perfect-view
Pluperfect, and two Futures too.
Of Verbs and lessons said before,
When older grown you'll learn much more ;
And if you these retain in mind,
The rest much easier you will find.

QUESTIONS ON THE FOREGOING LESSONS.

1. How many Letters are there in the English Language ? Twenty-six.

2. What are they divided into ? Vowels and Consonants. 3. Name the Vowels. A e i o u, and sometimes w and y. .

4. What cannot a word or syllable be sounded without? A Vowel.

5. How many parts of Speech are there? Nine.

6. What are they called ? Article, Noun, Adjective, Pronoun, Verb, Adverb, Conjunction, Preposition, and Interjection.

7. What does Grammar teach us? To read, write, and speak, correctly.

8. How many Articles are there? Threema, an, and the.

9. What kind of an Article is a oran? Indefinite. Why? It means no particular thing.

10. What is the called ? Definite. Why? Because it means something spoken of before.

11. What is a Noun? The name of any thing.

12. How many kind of Nouns are there ? Two; Common and Proper.

13. Give me an example of both ? C. City ; P. York.

14. What have nouns ? Two Numbers, Three Persons, Three Genders, and Three Cases.

15. Distinguish the Numbers. Singular, as one ;Plural, more than one.

16. Name the Genders. Masculine, Male, as he; Feminine, Female, as she; Neuter, neither male nor female, as, it.

17. What Gender is Boy? Masculine. Girl? Feminine.

18. Is a Ball Masculine or Feminine Gender ? Neither; it is Neuter. Why? Because it hath not life.

19. How many Cases have Nouns ? Three.

20. What are they called ? Nominative, Possessive, and Objective.

21. How may we know a Verb? By its telling us of something being done.

22. How many kind of Verbs are there? Three; Active, Passive, and Neuter.

23. What belong to Verbs ? Number, Person, Mood, and Tense.

24. How many Numbers and Persons ? Two Numbers, and Three Persons, the same as Nouns.

25. How many Moods, and what are their names ? Five; Indicative, Imperative, Potential, Subjunctive, and Infinitive.

26. How many Tenses, and name them? Six; Present, Imperfect, Perfect, Pluperfect, and First and Second FMture.

27. What is an Adjective known by ? Its telling what kind of noun or thing.

28. How many degrees of comparison have Adjectives? Three.

29. Name them.-Positive, Comparative and Superlative.

30. Compare the Adjective, Short. Positive, Short; Comparative, Shorter ; Superlative, Shortest, &c. &c.

This specimen of the use of these Lessons may be deemed sufficient for children of so tender an age as are admitted into Infant Schools ;-but the nursery Teacher may, on a similar method, carry out her enquiries to any reasonable extent. At the same time, the Compilers would give this salutary caution-much is left undone, by attempting to do too much.

GEOGRAPHY.

The Earth upon which we, at present, all dwell,
If asked, Sir, this much I about it can tell-
In shape, its near round as a Marble or Ball,
And because it is so-we the Globe do it call.
This Globe is composed, Sir, of water and land;
It has Oceans and Seas, Vales and Mountains so grand;
It has Deserts and Rocks, leafy Dales and bleak Hills,
With Gulfs, Islands, Bays, Rivers, Streams & small Rills.
It has likewise Peninsulas, Isthmuses, Straits,
With Capes and Promontories, Continents, States,
Cities, Kingdoms, and Nations, all strange in their kind,
With Volcanoes that burn-dreary Caves, too, we find.
Into Quarters the Globe we are wont to divide-
To live in Great Britain, in Europe, 's our pride ;
For Europe, though least, is now greatest in fame-
Next America, Africa, Asia, we name.
Then America, Africa, Asia, 'tis plain
With Europe-are quarters our Earth doth contain ;
One Sun and One Moon give the light to the whole,
The Lord made them all, and does them control.

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