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WEDNESDAY Evå. Several resolutions were discussed by members, after which Rev. Mr. Richards delivered a lecture. Subject, Astronomy. Adjourned.
TAURSDAY, Exercises as per programme, excepting the reading of a poem from Burns, by E. B. Gray, of Racine, and the reading and criticising of compositions, by Rev. Mr. Richards, Berlin.
TAURSDAY EV8. Report of committee on resolutions, and the discussion of the same occupied the time.
FRIDAY, A. M. Called to order. Devotional exercises. Programme suspended for the day, with the exception of the critics report.
Mr. A. M. May and A. H. Lewis, Miss S. W. Abbott, M. Wedge, and J. Mosely, were appointed as committee to instruct the executive committoa with regard to the next Institute.
An essay was read by J. Austin, of Ripon. Also, one of Burn's poems was read by George Patten. Recess. Critics report. Adjourned.
FRIDAY, P. M. Called to order. Report of committee on resolutions accepted and adopted.
Report of committee to instruct executive committee accepted and approved.
Remarks made by several members. After which a few appropriate romarks and a closing prayer by Rev. S. Bristol,
Adjourned to Berlin, second Monday in April, 1858.
Rev. Wm. Richards, Berlin; Rev. Wm. Stephens and S. Bristol, Dartford; Mr. O. Armstrong, 0. M. Ruggles, U. B. Baker, J. Austin, O. H. La Grange, Geo. Carter, H. C. Carter, and others, were elected Honorary Members during the week.
The committee on resolutions reported the following for publication : lst. Resolved. That the office of Town Superintendent ought to be abolished.
2d. Resolved, That like labor should receive like compensation, whether performed by man or woman.
3d. Resolved, That no child should be permitted to attend school under six years
4th, Resolved, That the educational interests of our Stato demand that the offio. of State Superintendent should be filled by a practical teacher.
5th. Resolved, that this Association recommend Town Superintendents to publicly. \xamine applicants for schools.
6th. Resolved, That no Teacher should lay down a "code of rules " upon opening sohool.
7th. Resolved, That no Teacher should be employed who is in the habit of using ardent spirits or tobacco, without the advice of a physician.
8th. Resolved, That the first principles of political ooonomy, as appliod to our Govramont, should be taught in our Common Schools.
9th. Resolved, That wo recommend to the friends of education, and especially to Teachers, the adoption of the Phonetics system of teaching reading, as the best me. thod of acquiring a knowledge of the art of reading our common type.
Rev. Mr. Richards afterwards offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted :
10th. Resolved, That the heart-felt thanks of the Teachers Institute be hereby presented to the Methodist Church and Congregation of Dartford, for the use of their commodious house of worship during our present session; and also to the owners of a fleet of pleasure boats, that wasted us on our memorable pleasure excursion, and espocially to the many friends who havo so generously opened their houses, and spread their tables for us without reward, save the consciousness of doing good.
Mr. R. Baker offered the following which was adopted :
11th. Resolved, That we tender our thanks to the Rev. Wm. Richards for his' assistance, and tho warm interest he has manifested in our welfaro and prosperity during the session of the Institute. Furthermore, that we defray his expenses.
A member offered the following, which was adopted :
11th. Resolved, That a copy of the proceedings of this meeting be furnished the Marquette county papers, and the Wisconsin Journal of Education, for publication.
J. J. M. ANGEAR, President. Miss T. ELLEY ABBOTT, Secretary.
NATIONAL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.
PHILADELPHIA, August 26, 1857. In accordance with a call issued to the “Teachers of the United States," many from various parts of the Union assembled in convention, at the Atheneum Building at ten o'clock, A. M. The meeting was called to order by T. W. Valentine, of New York, who read the call, and stated the design contemplated by the proposed organization of a National Teachers' Association.
Wm. Roberts, of Pennsylvania, moved that James L. Enos, of Iowa, be appointed temporary chairman. Agreed to.
On motion of J. P. Wickersham, of Pennsylvania, William E. Sheldon, of Massachusetts, was appointed Secretary.
Rev. Dr. Challen, of Philadelphia, read a portion of Scripture and offered prayer.
D. B. Hagar, of Massachusetts, offered the following resolutions :
Resolved, That in the opinion of the loachers now present, as representatives of me rious parts of the United States, it is expodient to organize a “National Teachers' Association."
Resolved, That a committee of throo bo appointed by the Chair to propero a Consktation adapted to such an association.
The resolutions were discussed by Messrs. Hagar, of Massachusetts; Valentine, of New York; Hickok, of Pennsylvania; Bulkley, of New York ; Cann, of Georgia ; Challen, of Indiana; Taylor, of Delaware; Wickersham, of Pennsylvania ; Barrett, of Illinois; Whelan, of Missouri, and Rev. Dr. Challen, of Philadelphia ; all of whom favored the immediate organization of a National Teachers' Association.
The resolutions were unanimously adopted. The Chair appointed Messrs. Hagar, of Massachusetts; Cann, of Georgia ; and Challen, of Indiana, the committee to prepare and report a constitution.
A communication was received from Messrs. Child & Peterson, of Philadelphia, inviting delegates to the Teachers' Convention, to visit the boat “ Faith," and other relics of Dr. Kane's expedition. On motion of T. W. Valentine, of New York, voted to accept the invitation, and returned thanks for the same.
Wm. Roberts, of Pennsylvania, moved to hold the afternoon session of the convention in the Sansom Street Hall. Agreed to.
On motion, the hours of meeting were agreed upon as follows, viz: nine o'clock for the morning session, two and a half o'clock for the afternoon, and eight o'clock for the evening.
Voted to listen to an Address-written by Prof. Wm. Russell, of Massachusetts, at the opening of the evening session.
At half past twelve o'clock the convention adjourned.
The convention met according to adjournment in the Sansom Street Hall, at half past two o'clock, and was called to order by the Chairman, James L. Enos. The minutes of the morning session were read by the Secretary, and approved.
A communication was received and read from the Teachers' Associations of the counties of Kent and Sussex, of Delaware, certifying that N. K. Lynch and J. Vanlone were appointed delegates to the National Convention of Teachers, to be held in Philadelphia, Aug. 26, 1857.
General remarks relating to education in different parts of our country, were made by Lynch, of Delaware; Bulkley, of New York; Richards, of District of Columbia; Sheldon, of Massachusetts; Roberts, of Pennsylvania; Valentine, of New York; and Hickok, of Pennsylvania. D. B. Hagar, from the committee to prepare a constitution, submitted their report, which, on motion of W. E. Sheldon, of Massachusetts, was accepted.
On motion of S. W. Bulkley, of New York, the constitution reported by the committee was taken up article by article, for adoption. After an earnest and free discussion of the several articles, in which many of the teachers present participated, and some amendments having been agreed upon, the following Preamble and Constitution was adopted unanimously:
[TO BE CONCLUDED IN DECEMBER NUMBER.)
NEVER before has the subject of education engrossed the attention of so many minds of every grade of ability and culture. Theoretically it has almost become a hobby. It has its shibboleth, its watchwords, and we sometimes fear that "mental development” and “the march of mind " may yet take the place of “manifest destiny" and "our country right or wrong."
There is great danger that the true end and aim of all right education will be overlooked in our eagerness to secure intellectual advancement Education has been considered as an end, not as a means. The popular idea of an education is, the acquiring of a certain amount of informationa certain amount of mental discipline; the aim has been to make good thinkers, or good reasoners, not to make good men. This is clearly seen when we carefully examine our systems of education, the routine of study, and the arrangements and appliances for acquiring knowledge. In the first place, our systems of education are not based upon a clear recognition of the essential nature of the being to be educated.
It is said that in Chinese maps of the world, the “Celestial Empire" occupies the central and larger portion, while Europe and America aro represented as small islands, and placed in the corners by themselves. So in our systems of education, mind, intellect, has occupied the foreground, and been represented in magnified proportions, while the physical, the moral and the emotional parts of our nature have been in a great measure overlooked or placed in the back-ground as of but little importance. As a consequence, among educated men (so called) we often ind moral dwarfs or monsters, physical imbecilities, hermaproditic malformations; a well-developed intellect matched with a puny frame, or perhaps a mind and body erect and noble, united with a perverted conscience and a depraved heart Now, a true education is a full and proper development of all the faculties and powers of the individual; not only a full, but a proper development, a development based not merely upon the nature of the faculties, but also upon the relations the individual sustains through those faculties to everything in the universe-to time and eternity-to God Himself.
Education, then, is a means of promoting personal cultivation and improvement, social regeneration, and public national growth and life; and any system which fails to provide for all of these ends is essentialiy defective, and cannot be relied on to make truly educated men and women. In future numbers we shall consider our commun school system with reference to the principles stated above.
The fall term of the public school in Palmyra, Jefferson Co., closed on the 16th of last month with a pic-nic, in which parents, teachers and children participated. At 2 o'clock, P. M., the pupils were formed in procession at the school-house, when marshaled by the teachers and assistants, and led by the Palmyra cornet band, they marched to Wisconsin Hall, and being joined by the parents and patrons of the school, they were comfortably seated and listened to short addresses from Mr. J. M. Bingham, town superintendent; the Rev. Mr. Waldo; the Rev. Mr. Dye; J. Carpenter and P. H. Turner, Esqrs., and others; after which they proceeded to dispose of the abundant supply of eatables with which the tables were loaded ; listening at times to inspiring strains from the band, who sustained the reputation acquired by winning three premiums at County Fairs the present season.
All passed off pleasantly; all were highly gratified and encouraged to work with renewed vigor to sustain and elevate our system of free schools. Much praise is due to the principal of the higher department, Mrs. S. A. Emory, for the faithfulness with which she has performed her duties, for the progress which her pupils have made in their studies, and for the influence which she has had socially and morally over those committed to her charge. During the two terms that she has presided over the higher department, not a difficulty has arisen, no hard feelings have been engendered; she has secured the esteem of the parents, and the respect and affection of the pupils. Though the school-rooms have been crowded, especially the primary department, (there being often seventy on the seats at once,) yet the teacher, Miss Clara G. Turner, has acquitted herself creditably, and considering her youth and inexperience, (this being her first essay at teaching) has done a good work. It would be well for our schools generally if such gatherings as this were more common, if parents would visit the schools, make parties for the children, and give tangible evidence of regard for the teachers, who, in many instances, uncheered by a kind look or an encouraging word, are faithfully striving to do the greatest work devolved upon a human being—the work of educating the children of our country.
A Teachers' INSTITUTE was held at Wautoma, the county seat of Waushara Co., the second week of October. A goodly number of teachers, town superintendents, and friends of education were present, and much interest was manifested by the citizens generally. We were present, and were much gratified to see the progress which has been made in the right direction in so new a place as Wautoma. They have a comfortable, wellarranged building, comprising two departments for school purposes, and they have commenced the erection of a large addition for another department. They have employed two teachers for a year past, Mr. J. M. Fry and Miss Delia Blodgett, and intend to employ three in the future.
We were hospitably entertained by Mr. Moses Barrett and his excellent lady, both of whom have been engaged in teaching in times past, and are intelligent active friends of popular education. The present encouraging state of things in regard to education in Wautoma, is the result of the per