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74 90 Waterford,

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54

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App'nt. Racine County. No. Child'n. App'nt. $54 60 Burlington,

443

310 10 32 20 Caledonia,

666

466 20 77 00 Dover,

41+

289 So 147 70 Mt. Pleasant,

412

309 40 42 70 Norway,

359

251 30 Racine,

437

305 90 $354 20 Racine City, 3015

2110 50 Raymond,

499

349 30 Rochester,

363

254 10 509

356 30 104 30 Yorkville,

439

307 30 142 80

7586 $5310 20 322 00 RICiland County, Buena Vista,

555

888 50 20 30 Eagle,

37 8) 35 70 Forest,

116

81 20 61 60 Marshall,

21

16 80 Richland,

240

168 00 37 801 Richmond,

261

182 70 82 60 Richwood,

170

119 00 367 50 Rockbridge,

143

100 10 98 00 Willon,

85

59 50 67 20 296 10

1648

1153 60 Rock COUNTY. 1066 80 Avon,

314

219 80 Beloit,

1385

969 50 615 30 Bradford,

356

249 20 562 80 Centre,

375

262 50 335 30 Clinton,

514

359 80 413 00 Fulton,

491

343 70 835 80 Harmony,

291

203 70 438 90 Janesville,

283

198 10 332 50 Janesville City, 2022

1415 40 Johnstown,

471

329 70 3533 60 La Prairie,

198

138 60 Lima,

401

280 70 Magnolia,

446

312 20 104 30 Milton,

495

846 50 415

290 50 Plymouth,

368

254 10 244 30 Porter,

452

316 40 Rock,

354

247 80 64 40 Spring Valley, 351

345 70 Turtle,

470

329 00 46 90 Union,

.602

421 40 70 00 124 60

11049

7734 30 154 00 Sack COUNTY. 38 50 Barraboo,

620

434 00 Deltona,

236

165 20 498 40 Freedom

258

180 60 Fairfield,

190

133 00 Franklin,

164

114 80

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140 00 Newark,

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-0

$229 60

71 40 46 90

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347 90

$98 To

4680 DOUGLASS COUNTY, No organized Towns 65 GREEN COUNTY, Adams,

220 Albany,

380 Brooklyn,

288 Cadiz,

251 Clarno,

482 Decatur,

387 Exeter,

379 Jefferson, Jordan,

275 Monroe,

839 Mt. Pleasant, 449 New Glarus,

213 Spring Grove, 435 Sylvester,

408 Washington,

248 York,

157

317 10 276 50 431 90 378 70 188 30 539 70 382 20 282 80 305 20 252 00 193 20 407 40 375 20 276 50 297 50 348 60 485 10

265 30 Spring Prairie,

412

$98 70 St. Croix County.
305 90 Hudson,

328 189 70 Kinnickinnic, 102 354 90 Rush River,

67 158 20 217 10

497 314 30 TREMPELEAC COUNTY. 258 30 Montoville,

141 157 50|Gile,

60 20 Walworth COUNTY. 103 60 Bloomfield,

453 Darien,

395 $3276 00 Delavan,

617 East Troy,

541 45 50 Elkhorn

269 Geneva,

771

546 Hudson, 154 00 La Fayette,

404 266 00

436 La Grange, 201 601

360 Lima, 175 70

276 Richmond, 337 40

582 Sharon, 270 90

536

395 288 40 Sugar Creek,

425 Tror, 192 50 Walworth,

498 587 80 Whitewater,

693 314 30 149. 101

8197 304 50 285 60 WASHINGTON COUNTY. 173 50| Addison,

480 109 90 Barton,

396 Erin,

532 4076 10 Farmington,

512 Germantown, 959 39 90 Hartford,

726 Jackson,

570 Kewasbkum, 266 212 10 Polk,

792 295 40 Richfield,

839 301 70 Trenton,

497 395 50 Wayne,

375 378 70 West Bend,

387 326 90 173 60

7331 295 20 WAUKESHA COUXTY. 365 40 Brookfield,

746 203 70 Delafield,

373

498 230 30 Genesee,

586 565 782 531

535 Mukwanego,

523 5034 40, New Berlin,

649 с

5737 90

336 OC 277 20 372 H 358 40 671 30 508 26 399 06 186 21 554 41 587 3 347 9 262 5 270 9

5823 Shawaso County. Shawapo,

57 SHEBOYGAN County. Abbot,

303 Greenbush,

422 Herman,

431 Holland,

565 Lima,

541 Lyndon,

467 Mitchel,

218 Mosel,

336 Plymouth,

522 Rhine,

291 Russell, Scott,

329 Sheboygan,

277 Sheboygan Falls,

859 Sheboygan City, 1329 Wilson,

231

5131 7

41

28 70 Eagle,

193 90 Lisbon, 601 30 Menomonee, 930 30 Merton, 161 70 Muskego,

522 2 261 1 348 6 410 3 395 547 4 871 7 374 & 366 1 454 &

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WAUPACA COUNTY.
Amherst,
Centreville,
Dayton,
Embarass,
Farmington,
Iola,
Lind,
Muckwa,
Scandinavia,
Waupaca,
Weyauwega

113

73 236 135

- 1855.

205 314

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79 10

LETTER OF P. R. HOY.
51 10
165 20

RACINE, Sept.
94 50

Hon. A. C. Barry, State Superintendent 143 501 of Public Instruction. 219 80

Dear Sir:- This is in answer to yours 947 80

of a recent date, in which you solicited

my views on the following questions :74 20 “ What place in importance should phys67 90

ical education occupy in public schools ?" 91 00 114 10

" What are the conditions that can be 106 40 controlled by public schools, which are 54 60 best calculated to secure a sound, vigor 99 40

ous physical body ?" 112 00

60 20 To the first I answer that all we know 35 70 of the mind is through the body; hence 179 20

physical education must, from necessity, 94 50 152 60

underlie all else; and without a healthy,

well developed body there can be no last1241 80 ing intellectual greatness : for just in pro

portion to the perfection of the body, will 221 90 148 40 be the value of its intellectual and moral 203 70 manifestations. 181 80

Thnt system of education is all wrong, 201 60 that does not have a direct tendency to 210 00 261 10 strengthen, invigorate and beautify the

86 80 animal system, as well as to enlighten the 410 90 understanding, and regulate the emotions 667 10

and disposition of the heart.
95 20
452 20

How many fatal errors are committed 224 70 by vain parents, and injudicious teachers 815 00 in directing all their efforts to excite, stim191 10 ulate and precociously develop the minds 157 50

of the young, to the neglect of their phys4028 50 ical nature! In a perfect system of edu

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cation, the three fold nature in man would it exerts a large influence over his physibe harmoniously developed; then we cal development, which has been too might have men and women physically much neglected. Of this I shall only healthy and beautiful; intellectually, with here speak. In a perfect state of things, minds active and enlightened, capable of cvery individual would be perfectly beaugreat and lasting mental efforts; morally tiful. There can be no physical perfection firm and dignified in the right. without it; for beauty is the normal con

Your second interrogatory corers a wide dition; hence, health and beauty are syand important field. I can only touch a nonymous; then just so far as we bring few points, in a communication necessa- man back to his primitive, God-like conrily quite too limited to do justice to the dition, we restore him to beauty and subject.

health. School Houses.—The school buildings It can be shown that every nation or should be architecturally tasteful, located class of people, remarkable for beauty of in not only the most healthy, but the person or feature, is not only surrounded most picturesque and charming spot to be by the beautiful, but has also a cultivated found within the district; with ample taste for these olijects. This fact can bo grounds attached, ornamented with trees, accounted for by that wonderful someflowering shrubs and plants, arranged with thing we call sympathy,--that something taste.*

which assimilates us to, and makes us a The furniture should be ornamental, as part of those objects and beings by which well as convenient; the rooms hung with we are surrounded. Where then should paintings, engravings and maps, executed we expect to find the most beautiful perin the best manner. The buildings and sons? Where but in ancient Greece and their surroundings, should present noth-Rome, in modern Italy, Spain and France ing to the eye but delightful and pleasing and among the better class of Germans objects, from the contemplation of which and English; just where we find in prothe mind would return satisfied, to make iusion the beauties of art and nature, in us better, more contented and happy;- connection with the most universal culti. quickening our sympathies--filling the vation of a refined taste, for wbatever is mind with imagery of beauty and taste; grand, lovely, beautiful and graceful.for man in contemplating the beautiful in The emotions of taste can only be known art and nature, not only finds a delightful by being felt; and can no more be acenjoyment of an elevating character, but quired without our being placed in suitable is profited by the influence these eino- circumstances,—that is surrounding ourtions exert on his physical nature. The selves with the beautiful or sublime, influence that the beautiful exerts over

than a knowledge of music could be ac man is well known; but aside from this, quired without ever having heard a musi

cal tone. Some fifteen miles from Racine, last sum- It is a physiological law that any immer, I passed a 'school house located on the very margin of a marsby, miasniatic swamp;

pression upon our form or features, long and not twenty feet from the door I noticed continued, becomes fixed and permanent some urchins, with rolled up paots, engaged in Exhibit to a child an offensive object, one the double occupation of capturing tad-poles and catching the fever and ugue. Some pub- calculated to excite disgust or disliko and lic spirited, benevolent person, (?) donated to mark the expression of disquiet and loaththis districtthis site for a school houso; it being worthless for any thing else.

ing. Now substitute an object of an op

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posite character, one suited to excite of the blood, thereby favoring a harmonipleasurable sensations, what a change ! - ous development of every tissue; for the the eyes now sparkle and fairly dance with ultimate nutrition of the body, and calordelight; the face is all radiant with hap- ifaction of the blood, are only effected piness and beauty. Should these impres- within the capillaries. It follows then, if sions be long continued or frequently the circulation be retarded or cut off in repeated, they will be daguerreotyped on any part, nutrition of that part will dimthe dial of the soul—the human face di- inish or ecase in the same ratio. Exervine. We have such examples in great cise, to be the most profitable, should call abundance. Look at the squalid poor :- into action, not only the entire muscular their children at birth very often have the system, but for the time must completely elements of beauty in a considerable de- engage the mind. Among the conditions gree; but by dwelling continually amidst that can be controlled, essential to insure coarse and disgusting objects, they grow the full physical benefit of exercise, are an up with that stereotyped quirk of the opportunity and a sufficient inducement upper lip and nose, which makes them for action. In childhood, when the funclook as though their olfactories were per- tions of assimilation are the most active, petually being offended. The shanty and and exercise is the inost demanded, the its surroundings has become a part of opportunity should be given several times their existence; and its influence is stamp. a day to inhale the pure air, stort a fresh ed upon their faces. Take one of these and active pulse, and relieve the aching children while young, and surround it capillaries. Ample room and opportunity with elegance, cultivate its taste, and you are all that is generally necessary to in. will be surprised at the lack of resem-'sure the full benefit of exercise for chilblance to its parents. In proof I can point dren, fresh from the band of God, overto individual cases that would be quite flowing with animal spirits. With minds satisfactory to the most skeptical. If such easily directed they rush with their whole a change be effected in the first genera- soul, minds, lungs, feet and hands into tion, what ought we not to expect if such their childish sports. But with persons influences were continued for a series of of riper years, the case is quite different, generations

they require amusements more rational, Ventilation. Without pure unadul- to divert the mind, while the body is terated air, there can be no health-it is being invigorated. For such, gymnastic of the very first importance; it plays a exercise will be of much value; for that prominent part in all the phenomena of precision of action which distinguishes life. But so much has been written, and gymnastic from coinmon, loose, irregular, well written too, on the subject of ventila- random movements, compels the mind to ting school houses, that I will only here be directed with accuracy on the muscular record my voice in support of that system effort. Those free gymnastic exercises, of ventilation which will secure the most which require no technical apparatus or constant, and abundant supply of pure machinery are all sufficient to ensure the fresh air.

harmonious development of the body.Exercise.—Daily exercise in the open They ought to be introduced into the play air is essential to the best health ; it ex- grounds of every school, especially if sitpands the chest, equalizes the c.rculation uated in the large towns and cities.

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