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to tax carries with it the right to educate. If
it is the duty of the state to tax for educational THINK OF IT.
purposes, it is also a duty to see that its pur
poses are not thwarted. The state does not THER
ERE are about twenty thousand youth in provide schools only for the purpose of alloroour state growing up in ignorance and conse-ing its children to become intelligent citizens. quent vice. It is from this class that our
The schools are established for the purpose of almshouses, jails and prisons will be filled; it protection, and if this purpose be not realized, is to guard against the crimes of this class that the objects of the government are defeated. A our police is organized, and the costly machin- practical question is—are we educating the ery of criminal prosecution kept in order.— youth of the state? Let the register of almost Reasoning knows no arguments that will reach every school, public and private, in our state this class ; patriotism knows no appeals that answer; let the crowds of vagrants that infest will affect them; liberty with them is synony- our streets answer ; let the police reports in our mous with license, and the public good an ab- daily papers answer. We appeal to police ofstraction.
ficers, teachers and editors to say, whether, It is the opinion of our wisest educators that under existing forms of education, we may ninety-nine hundredths of our youth would be hope to see our youth grow up to an honorable come moral and intelligent citizens, should manhood. they attend school regularly and punctually We would not recommend legislation on this from the age of six to sixteen years. Poor as matter yet; the magnitude of the evil is not our schools are they will do as much as this. yet understood ; the people need more facts, Four-fifths of all the juvenile criminals in our more observation, more reflection. Law should country are found to have been truants from so far as possible, be an exponent of public school, or else so situated that they have nev- feeling; but we hope the day is not far distant er attended school. It is truancy and irregu- when the people of our state will see and feel larity that keep the schools in many parts of that no child must be allowed to grow up in our state from making any progress. This is ignorance and crime, who has a mind to eduparticularly the case in our cities and large cate. Of what use is matter without mind? villages. These evils are the prolific parent It is the mind of the state that gives it power of all the petty vices that are but germs of the railroads, steamboats, telegraphs and cities upus of crime that is casting its deadly shade are only the great words with which mind piein lengthened shadows over the state. tures its thoughts. It is our duty to educate
Every government ought to exercise the all. We must have asylums for the deaf and power of self-protection, should guard against dumb, the blind and the insane ; we must have its own subversion. Morality and knowledge hospitals for the sick and infirm-prisons for are the safe guards of the republic. This is an the criminal--houses of refuge for the desoaxiomatic truth, but, like many truths of this lato. This is well. Christianity and philosocharacter, often lost sight of in our legislation. phy point to these as their brightest jewels, We enact laws to punish crime, not to prerent and their noblest monuments; but a time may it. We wait until vice has become herculean come when it shall be thought nobler to prebefore we attack it-forgetting that the mon- vent crime than to punish it—then the prison ster could have been strangled while in the will be tenantless ; when it shall be thought cradle. All the states claim, and many exer- better so to educate that all shall be rich, then cise the right of taxing property to sustain the alms-house shall be without an inmate ; systems of public instruction. The general when the laws of our nature shall be so well government recognizes an obligation to pro- understood that obedience to them shall convide education for every child, in the munifi- vert our asylums into schools. We want light. cent endowment bestowed upon our public Let the press, the pulpit and the rostrum raschools. Now, if the property of the state diate it, until education shall be considered as may be made to sustain the schools—the right necessary a condition of life as the air and the
sun-light. Let not the terrible lessons of the GRANT COUNTY ITEMS. past be lost upon us ; let us not refuse to listen
LANCASTER.—The inhabitants of this thriv. to the muttering premonitions of the volcano
ing village have taken the lead in the march of that may soon burst forth; the future, gilded as it is by the hues that hope casts over it, is improvement in this county. They have erec
ted a fine brick School IIouse, large enough for dark and threatening. We must educate.
the wants of the village for some years, unless, PUBLIC SCHOOLS.
as probably will be the case, settlers are attracted
thither by their superior accommodations for MILWAUKEE Public Schools.— The schools Public Schools. They deserve much credit for commenced the summer term on the 14th inst. their prudent foresight and their interest in We last term visited the 2d Ward School-Mr. Common School Instruction, not only in the F. C. Pomeroy Principal—and were pleased building erected but also in the living teacher, with the neatness and order of the school.- Mr. H. Wood, who has had charge of the school Mr. P. works hard and does good; and al- for the past winter. though he labors under difficulties that would HAZEL GREEX will be next in the list, with discourage some men, he resolutely meets and a School House to cost them not less than $4000. overcomes them.
PLATTEVILLE has made one important adThe following are the names of the Principals vance during the year past in uniting her school of the different Schools, employed for the ensu- districts and classifying as far as possible with ing year:
the present means of accommodation. The First Ward, Geo. McWhorter. Second well known interest of the Plattevillians in the Ward,--H. W. Spaulding. Third Ward,-F.
cause of education will not long allow the presC. Pomeroy. Fourth Ward,-0. H. Martin. Fifth Ward,--John Drew.
ent means of accommodation to be a cause of KENOSHA PUBLIC SCHOOLS.- The North
The country districts are paying good wages Ward School closed on the 11th inst. This
generally to good Teachers. There is less apaschool has, during the past year, been under
thy than in former years, but still too much. the charge of Mr. V. BUTLER. Mr. B. is an earnest teacher and is winning friends among those who know the conditions of a good school. PROGRESS IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION.-Since He is doing a good work. The Public School the publication of our first number, a bill, auNo. 1 will close on the 18th inst. It is under thorizing the State Superintendent of Public the charge of Mr. J. G. McKindley, who has Instruction to subscribe for as many copies of conducted it with marked ability during the the Journal as may be necessary to supply past two years. Kenosha is still among the each School District in the state with one copy, first in respect to Public Schools.
has passed the Legislature. We mail this The Racine Public Schools closed the number, with the first, to every School District winter term on the 11th inst. There will be a in the State. The number necessary to supply vacation of three weeks. The teachers and each Town will be sent to the Town Superinpupils of Kenosha Public Schools, to the num- tendent, and distributed by him. We hope ber of more than one bundred, visited the Ra- every Town Superintendent will act as an agent cine Schools during the examination. The visit to obtain new subscribers. Every teacher was a pleasant one.
ought to subscribe as well as write for and cir. z The Public School at Beaver Dam, Mr. culate the Journal. N. G. Harvey Prin., closed on the 11th inst. We hear very favorable reports of this school. - We would call the attention of TeachMr. H. is doing a man's work in Beaver Dam. ers and School Officers to our advertising sheet.
By consulting it they may find what books are For The Teachers of Winnebago County publishod, and thus be better qualified to dishold an Institute, commencing on the 14th inst. charge the important duty of selecting text Our friends are awake in that part of the State. books suitable for their schools.
New Schools.-From all parts of the State, * A bill for the establishment of four Noraccounts reach us of the interest manifested in mal Schools, in accordance with the petition of Public Schools. This is as it should be. Ev- the Teachers' Association, has been introduced ery new school organized-every good school into the Ohio Senate--also a bill to establish a sustained, makes us stronger as a State and State Reform School. nobler as a people. The real power of a State There are two Normal Schools now in sucdoes not consist in its mineral or agricultural cessful operation, established by the teachers of resources, its fertile plains and healthful streams. Ohio, and at no distant day there will be two It does not consist in the number of its inhabi- more, affording facilities for the edueation of tants. It is the mind as well as the muscle twelve hundred teachers. that constitutes national wealth and true great A more self-sacrificing, far-sighted and enness. If we educate the thousands that peo- lightened class of men than the teachers of ple our prairies and fell our forests, it shall be Ohio, never blessed any land. There are names well with us, but if we trust to any other power among them that are watch-words throughout than the power of education, it were better that the West. our forests were undisturbed and our prairies uninhabited. Our Public Schools are our safety
po- The people of Sheboygan are finishing -the patriot will labor for them, the philan- one of the finest School Edifices in the State.thropist will cherish them and the christian will When completed it will accommodate about six love them.
hundred pupils. We look for a good school in
Sheboygan. Mr. M. M. Flint bas charge of SOMETHING New.— The Connecticut School the school at present, and it is his wish to lay Journal gives an account of a meeting of thirty the foundation deep and broad. We would or forty teachers of the Public Schools of New suggest to our Sheboygan friends that they diLondon, Conn., by invitation, at the house of rect all their energies towards the elevation of Mayor II. P. HAVEN.
their Public Schools, for nothing less than the The Teachers and His Honor seem to have united and hearty co-operation of all classes enjoyed the interview. Speeches were made will secure for them that position which they may and the time spent in such a manner as became and ought to take among the educational censuch a dignified body as the party must have tres of the State. been. We commend the fact to the consideration of other Mayors in other States. There is PO" W. B. Suru & Co., of Cincinnati, have no danger in imitating the people of the “Land donated two hundred dollars to the Indiana of Steady Habits."
State Teachers' Association, towards defraying
the expenses of their Journal. We might exThe There are two Union Public Schools in pect just such an act from the men that gave tho the City of Fond du Lac, each of which is in
Cincinnati teachers seven hundred dollars, for flourishing condition and an honor to the place. the purpose of procuring a Teachers' Library. Three hundred and fifty scholars have been enrolled in one during the term which has just
JO A resolution has been offered in the closed, and two hundred and fifty in the other. Pennsylvania Legislature, to repeal the law Each lately closed with an interesting examin- which creates the office of State Superintendation,
ent. This office was abolished in New York a
few years since, and we are assured by the best REPORT of Robert Allex, COMMISSIONER educators in that State, that the schools have of Public Schools, R. I.–We have a large retrograded since. Let Pennsylvania take the report from a small State. It is full of sound backward step contemplated by the resolution, sense, and will do good wherever it may be read. and the progress she is now making will at once It is creditable to the writer and honorable to
be arrested. the Commissioner. We shall take the liberty of laying parts of it before our readers from Prof. Emerson, of Western Reserve College time to time.
Ohio, has resigned in consequence of ill health.
zoo We learn that Prof. Read, of the State FOND DU LAC COUNTY TEACHERS' Associal'niversity, will commence a course of lectures |TION.—The ninth Semi-Annual Session of the to teachers, on the third Wednesday of May Fond du Lac Teachers' Association was held at
We hear him spoken of as an able lec- Fond du Lac, commencing March 24th, and turer and an accomplished scholar. At the continuing for one week. Walter Van Ness, same time, Prof. Cart will commence a course President; Allen Gibson, Secretary. of lectures on Agricultural Chemistry. This is The Association met three times each day, and a good movement.
spent the time in study, recitation and discus
sion. Mr. Van Ness conducted an exercise in 2- We make the following extract from a Grammar--Mr. Hodges in Physical Geography letter, from Sheboygan :
-Mr. A. Pickett in Arithmetic--C. S. Cross“Enclosed find $3, for Journals for one man in Singing and Dr. E. L. Griffin in Physyear. I will hunt up subscribers and send you
iology. their names as soon as I get leisure.”
Evening lectures were delivered by Dı. E. L. With a few such friends of education to sus- Griffin, Mr. A. Pickett and Hon. A. C. Barry, tain the Journal, we fear nothing.
State Superintendent. The officers for the en
suing year, are W. Van Ness, of Fond du Lac, THE INDIANA SCHOOL Journal,-Published President ; Mr. C. J. Allen, Miss M. S. Merrill, by the Indiana State Teachers' Association.- Mr. Henry Van Allen, Miss Mary Bassett, Miss Resident Editor, Geo. B. Stone, Indianapolis. Cordelia W. Allen, Mr. J. H. Burns and Miss This Journal has been recently established.-L. M. Ward, Vice Presidents ; Mr. Isaac JohnWe conclude from a perusal of the first three son, of Waupun, Recording Secretary; Miss numbers, that it will do good, and receive a lib- Love S. Brown, of Fond du Lac, Assistant Seceral support.
retary: Mr. Allen Gibson, of Fond du Lac, Cor. Sec., and George W. Willard, Treasurer.
The Committee on Resolutions, Henry Van Z Prof. S. B. WOOLWORTH, late Princi
Allen, Chairman, presented the following which pal of the Normal School at Albany, N. Y., hay
after discussion were unanimously adopted : ing been elected Secretary of the Board of Regents, has been succeeded by Prof. COCHRANE.
Resolved, That the educational interests of
our State will be promoted by elevating the Prof. DAVIES has become connected with this standard of our Public Schools, and that this Institution also.
can be effected only by the united and well directed efforts of Teachers and Patrons.
Resolved, That Parents show that they do The citizens of Oshkosh have lately not properly appreciate the interests of their purchased a beautiful site for a Public High children, by placing their mental culture in care School. It cost some four or five thousand dol- of such persons as are not duly qualified to di
rect and discipline the mind. lars and they intend to erect a building upon it Resolved, That we lament the present defecthat will cost at least twelve thousand dollars. tive system of teaching too generally adopted
in our schools, of educating the intellect only, EDUCATIONAL CONVENTION.—Delegates from
thus leaving the moral powers a barren waste or
an uncultivated wilderness; and also totally several Presbyterian and Congregational neglecting the physical powers, thus preventing Churches are to meet at Watertown on the 23a a happy and harmonious derelopement of the
whole. inst., for the purpose of adopting measures for
Resolved, That our zeal is unabated; and we the establishmənt of a Female Seminary. feel more than ever to attach a growing impor
tance to our Institutes from the practical utility We notice in many papers of the state conferred by them. articles on the subject of education, and some to the Teachers and Lecturers of the Institute,
Resolved, That we tender a vote of thanks have an educational column. When the press for their careful and beneficial instruction; and takes hold of this matter in earnest, the schools to those citizens of Fond da Lac who dave exwill improve. Let every teacher co-operate with pleasant and comfortable homes; also, to
tended to us their hospitalities by furnishing us with the editors in furnishing facts, and in the citizens of School District No. I, for the use awakening a deeper interest in education. of their large and commodious School House.
In order to secure those who will faithfully
PERSONAL discharge the duties of Teachers, their services should be amply remunerater; and as an in E. IIongos Esq.--At the last meeting of the ducement to a proper qualification for the voca- Fond du Lac County Teachers' Association, tion of teaching, and to make the same professional material aid is required: therefore be it resolutions highly complimentary to this gen
Resoleerd, That the welfare of both Teachers tleman were passed. We have known Mr. and Patrons, and the adrancement of Education. Hopges for the last six years as a working arould be greatly subserred by the increase of friend of education, and it is with regret that Teachers' wager.
Wherens. E. Hodges, Esq., the “Teachers' we learn that it is his interition to leave our counsel and Scholars' friend," who has long State. Every teacher in the State, acquaintheen connecter with the Fond du Lac County ed with him, will feel that he has lost a wise Teachers' Association, and who has ever been an nctive and apprecinted member of the same, counsellor ard a warm, true-hearted friend. is about to leave this, his field of usefulness, for The Ladies of the Association, with a nice a more western home, therefore it is unanimous- perception of Mr. H.'s necessities, presented ly Resolved, That a vote of our warmest
him with a beautiful and well filled “Gentlethanks he tendered him for his labors amongus. man's Dressing Box," as a token of their esteem and in behalf of our Associntion, and our most for him as a friend of education, and gave him grateful wishes be proffered him for his future
sorge good advice appropriate to the occasion. success, happiness and long life.
Our friend is bachelor, and his misfortune BOOK TABLE.
was vividly portrayed by one of the young la
dies, and illustrated by an allusion to the National EducATION IN Evrope.-By Hen- scissors, “which work nicely double," but ry Barnard, L. L. D,- This is a Thesaurus " single" they are good for nothing. May the for school masters. It contains a vast amount lesson sink deeply into his heart. of information in regard to the organization, administration, instruction and statistics of
Mr. J. E. Munger has resigned the office of schools of all grades in the different countries Principal of the Oshkosh Union School. Sorin Europe. No teacher can be posted up in re- ry to hear it. gard to the great philanthropic movement of
Prof. F. B. Downes, formerly connected with popular education that is now going on in Eu- the Racine Schools, bas resigned his post in rope, without consulting this work. On every Bethel College, Ky., and become Principal of a page is spread the experience of those who Seminary in New Castle Ky. have labored lovingly and long to advance the interests of Public Schools--and who in their
Tony Rev. M. P. Kinsey was re-elected City counsels and in their labors have left the teach- Superintendent of Schools, at the late charter ers of the present day a rich heritage ; in short, election of the City of Racine. He has served we have here "grouped under one view the long and well in the same office. varied experience of nearly all civilized coun J. C. Dore Esq. has resigned the office of Sutries."
perintendent of Schools of Chicago. We reWe unhesitatingly advise every friend of gret this. education, whether teacher or not, to send im
Mr. J. M. Angear, formerly Principal of the mediately for this work. Published by H. Fifth Ward school of this city, has been apCowperthwaite & Co., Phil.
pointed Principal of the Elkhorn Public School. Berard's UNITED STATES.--This is a new work, and is well spoken of by good judges.
Nearly all the teachers in the Milwaukee We have not yet read it. H. Cowperthwaite Public Schools are subscribers of the Journal. & Co., Phil.
This is what may properly be called co-operaThompson's ARITHMETICAL ANALYSIS.—The tion. preface is worth all the book costs. From a Married, in Racine, Tuesday April 15th, Mr. cursory examination, we have formed a favora- Porter Haywood, Principal of Public School, ble opinion of this work. Published by S. C. Aurora Ill., to Miss S. M. Upbam, Teacher in Griggs & Co., Chicago.
Racine Public Schools.