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deliver to the town, village or city olerk, in into the treasury, on account of the principal writing,guch determination, stating the amount of the school or university funds, until the required, and it shall be the duty of said clerk amount received by such bonds shall have been to give notice of the application for such loan, fully paid, and to charge interest as hereinstating the amount and terms thereof, with, hefore proyided upon such sums as shall bayo and as a part of the notice required by law for been adyanced upon such bond as aforesaid, ench general or charter election or town moet- from the date of such adyance, and all such ing.

bonds shall have procedence in the order of
Sec. 3. At any such election the legal voters their date.
of such town, village or city aforesaid voting, Sec. 6. All acts and parts of acts contrayen-
shall deposit in a seperate box to be provided ing the proyisions of this act are hereby re-
for that purpose, their ballots as follows :- pealed.
Those in favor of the loan, a ballot, on which SEC. 7. This act shall take effect and be in
the words " for the loan" shall be printed or force from and after its passage.
written, and those opposed to such loan, a bal- WM. HULL,
lot on which the words, "against the loan"

Speaker of the Assembly.
shall be printed or written. Such elections L. P. HARVEY,
shall be held and conductedl, and the votes can-

President pro tem of the Senate.
vassed as provided by law in all general elec- Approyed October 13th, 1856,
tions, and if the majority shall be found in

favor of the loan, then it shall be the duty of
the supervisors of such town, or the trustees of
such village, or the common council of such

From the Newburyport Union.
city, to issue the bond of such town, village or
city, to the State of Wisconsin for the amount

stated in the accompanying election notice,
bearing soven per cent. per annum interest.

Oh! lone deserted school-house!
Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the Secretary
of State, when he shall receive the bond of

Where is the happy throng,
any town, village or city, for the purpose ex- Who trod thine aisles, with beaming smiles,
pressed in the first section of this act, and

And filled thy halls with song?
shall be satisfied that the same was authorized
and executed and herein provided, to file the

Their feet have left no echo!
same in his office, and direct the State or
County Treasurer, in whose hands any of the

Their songs have died away;
principal of the school and university funds The pealing shout of joy rings out
may be, to pay to the Treasurer of the Institu-

No more, in hours of play!
tion, in whose favor the bond may have boen
issued, the amount secured by said bond, and

Thy seats are all forsaken!
further it shall be the duty of the Secretary of
State, in apportioning the taxes among the

They'll fill them not again;
different counties of the State, to charge the The golden gleams of the sunlight streams
connty in which any institution may have bor- O'er thy mottoed walls in vain!
rowed any portion of the school and university
fund with the interest of the bond at seven per Oh! school-house! lonely school-house!
cent., and it shall be the duty of the board of

Remembered thou shall be !
supervisors of such counties to add to the ratio
of the State and County taxes, the amount

In after years, 'mid hopes and fears,
annually due from any town, village or city in

Their hearts will turn to thee.
any such county in consequence of the issuing
of its bonds as aforesaid, and it shall be the They'll think of thee at morning,
duty of the Treasurer of any such town or city When Sol drives back the night;
to return to the County Treasurer the amount

When down the West he sinks to rest.
due the State on any such bond with and ag
part of the State taxes to be paid over by him

Enwrapped in clouds of light.
to the State Treasurer, as State taxos aro re-
quired by law to be paid.

And in the icy Winter, ---
Sec. 5. If at the time of the making an ap-

And in the balmy Spring -
plication or the presentation of the bond there In Summer's bloom-in Autumn's gloom,
there shall be no money belonging to the school To thee, their hearts will cling.
and university fund, it shall be the duty of the
Secretary of State to file the bond of the town,

To fill thy halls deserted,
village or city, as the case may be, and direct
the Treasurer to pay over to the Treasurer

With treasured ones of yore,
any instution in favor of which the bond may

Kind mem'ry's hand shall lead that band, haye been issued, the first moneys roeeiyod! To tread thino aisles once more.

Editor's Department.

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protection for the pupils under his charge. The inhabitants of our school districts are not all

sonllces. Surely in this land of Bibles, of ChrisTIIINGS FOR TEACHIERS TO DO. tian Sabhaths and of newspapers, no entire

community could be so dead to humanity, as to The winter terms of the schools throughout deny relief to so reasonable a demand. The the State, are now very generally commenced. Texcher should never hesitate to ask what is One of the first things the Teacher should at- clearly right; and if from indolence or a false tend to, if he has not already, is to see that his modesty, ho prefers to endure personal incon. school room is put in good repair, and fitted up venience, and to witness the discomfort of his so as to conduce to the comfort and quietude of scholars from day to day, during a long winter the scholars committed to his care. Ample term, then he is unfit for the business in which means for warming, as well as for suitable be is engaged, and has very likely no adaptaventilation are indispensable. No Teacher can tion to success in any of the active pursuits of maintnin good order, and adyance his classes life. in their studies, as well in a rickety, out of repair school room, as in a comfortable and

LECTURES. conyenicnt one. A cold and cheerless school

The lecturing season has now fairly comroom, necessarily makes a discontented school. menced in many of the larger towns. Among Would a Teacher have his scholars good natur- the various plans for improving the public ed and a greeable, then he must see to it, that taste and inspiring a love for intellectual purthey are not annoyed with cold feet and other suits during the winter seasons, none bave discomforts during school hours.

proved more popular than a series of lectures, Teachers are more responsible for the con- by men eminent in the literary history of the dition of the school houses they occupy than country. By these means the masses of the is often supposed. It is true, many districts people are brought to a more familiar acquaintare greatly remiss and neglectful in providing ance with the distinguished men of the age, conveniencies of but triling expense. The and hear from the living speaker thoughts, school house may be a rude structure, bearing which, perchance, may be the product of years no evidence that an architect was ever con- of mental effort. Publio lectures too, are well sulted in determining its proportions, or that adapted as a means, for arresting the tendency the plane of tho joiner or brush of the painter, to lower amusements, especially among the was ever employed upon it. Yet even with young. The human mind is so constituted as such a house, if it be not absolutely untenant- to demand entertainments and pastimes of some able, the Teacher, if he have industry, perse- kind, and if those of a rational and elevating verence and resolation, can do much to remedy character be not furnished it, then it will natuits defects, supply its wants and improve its rally and easily be carried along the currents of condition. Whencycr a school house displays senseless and profitless gratification. Every a great contribution of hats, caps and dinner successful effort in turning the channels of baskets, thrust into the broken window panes thonght to higher and nobler pleasures, is true to repel the storm and wind, a suspicion at-reform. Pleasure and amusement are a part of taches to the Teacher that he is wanting in man's nature-indispensable to his being. So energy; that he prefers inactivity with its prominent has this attribute of man been reattendant miserics, rather than bestir himself garded, that nations have made suitable proviand possess some of the conyeniencies of life. sions by law to meet its necessity and supply

If a Teacher finds himself employed in a its wants. In several of the governments of school house, baying broken windows, shatter- Europe, public entertainments for the people ed doors, smokey stoves, or gaping creyices in are provided for, and paid at the nations' exthe walls through which the storm drives, let pense. It is true, these entertainments have him faithfully and earnestly represent the con- very often not been conducive to the moral and dition of things to his employers, and demand intellectual elevation of the people; neverthe


less, it is an acknowledgment of a want of the telloctual tono to the communitica in which people, demanding governmental attention. In they are placed. It is timo Toachera generally, this country our systems pertaining to these realized more fully the truo dignity of their matters, are moro voluntary, depending upon an calling, and their responsibilitios to the intellienlightened publie sentiment for thoir propor gent movements of the age. The Teachers of regulation.

tho Stato, should occupy the first rank in tho The movement for organizing and sustain-circles of influence, respectability and sciening lectures, in our principal towns for the in- tific enterprise. The nature of their vocation tellectual entertainment of the people, during more justly entitles them to take a higher posithe winter seasons, has not yet beoome 33 wolltion, than any other class or profession. If systematized in the west, as in some of the they qualify tbomselves for taking this rank, older States. A number of reasons havo con- and enter upon it from a proper sense of self spired to this lack of means, for the rational respect and of true duty, public opinion will entertainment and instruction of the people. readily award it to them. But if they hesitate, The number of individuals in the west, and by & sort of acknowledged choice, take a whose time is exclusively devotod to literary lowor place; shrink from leading, or being assopursuits, unembarrassed by professional duties, ciated with leaders in enterprises, aiming at the is comparatively small; consoquently the re- moral, social and intellectualelevation of the peoliance has been chiefly on the cast for lecturing ple, they will be quite certain to carry with them talent. The expense too, attendant upon sus

all their days the old cognomon, with just the taining a course of lectures, where lecturers alro

significance of olden times attached to itinvited from a distance, is necessarily groeter,

schoolmaster." than where there is an abundance of homo

A few earnest Teachers in a town, might ontalent, fittod by long and careful preparation for list an interest among the people; organizo an this particular field of employment.

association, and procure such locturing talent Notwithstanding these disadvantages, it is as may be within their reach. By this means, desirable that some plan should be inaugerated the tastes and habits of young men may be and sustained, at least in the principal towns of improved, and their passion for the lower the State. It may not be practicable always, amusemente restrainod. The older members of to secure for this purpose, the services of those the community too, would be benefitted, and whose namos hold a high position in the literary their intellectual activities receiyo new impulse. world; nevertheless, there are resources at This is not merely theory; the ability of Teachhome in almost every yillage, which might be ors in their respective towns, to originato assoprofitably brought into requisition.

If the ciations for instructive locturos, and carry such highest standerd of talent cannot be obtained, a enterprises into successful operation, is not leas one is far better than to neglect the ein

without practical demonstration in this State. ployment of any.

Let examples of this character be greatly mul

tiplied the present winter.
And now, on whom doos ominently rost the
responsibility of directing public attention to

this subject? If the clergy, the legal profes-
sion and others of litorary habits, fail to move
in the matter, the Teachers of our public magnitude, which is treated with more indif-

There is probably no other interest of equal schools, should evor be ready to load in ference than the district school. In many enterprises of this character. Lot no Teacher things of far less importance pertaining to inimagine his wholo sphere of public dutios, is dividual interests, men act wisely. They do confined to the school room. Teachers aso, or not employ a laborer, mechanic or clerk to should be professional educators; their activo perform service without vigilant inspection of endeavoro should reach beyond the juvenile his capabilities and faithfulness. Not so with minds wlth which they are brought in contact; the teacher. He is employed in one of tho they should aim not to fulfill their mission most important departments of human skill as Teaehers of the young, but also to give in- and effort; his mission is, to instil into the youthtul mind principles of thought and mo- the part of parents, disheartens the teacher, tives of action, which will have a controling and leads him to relax his efforts; the children influence through all subsequent life. In the partake of the spirit of indifference of their dischargə of these high responsibilities, how parents, and fail to realize the true importance little interest is manifested in bis efforts by his of making progress in study. employers? There are many districts, in which parents and guardians never visit the

SCHOOL SUPERVISORS. school, or manifest any concern in its affairs, save when some frivolous complaint against The best plan for an efficient and intelligent the teacher, excites their temper; then they school supervision, is a matter which has long hesitate not, to speak of him with screrity in occupied the minds of teachers and friends of the presence of their children. They send education, but there has never been entire their children to school irregularly, and at the

agreement as to the exact method to be adoptclose of ihe term find fault because they have ed. The system of town superintendency has made no progress. They expect the teacher to

a popularity, because of its near relation, and maintain good government in his school, but immediate responsibility to the people in every are indignant is their children are required to

town. The distribution of power as widely as submit to rules, which they imagine too exacting. They send their children without books, iar features of our democratic institutions.

possible among the people, is one of the popuand are astonished that they remain ignorant. The town system has merits; but it is doubtThey expect the teacher, to teach as well as the ful whether it is regarded as the best, by a mabest of his profession, but if he introduce any

jority of the most experienced educators in methods of instruction, with which they were

our country. unacquainted in their boyhood days, they de.

One of the primary objects to be secured nounce bim as an innovator, and full of new from school superintendency, is efficiency and notions.

the requisite talent. These qualifications are Such a condition of things as is here de- considerations of the first importance, and the scribed, may seem an exaggeration, and as best means for securing these, should be the having no existence in this enlightened age, aim of school legislation. That talent better but it is doubtless not without examples. Most adapted for school supervision, might be obof the complaints and fault-finding against tained by selecting one superintendent from teachers, arise from that want of acquaintance cach county, or congressional district, will be with the school, which is obtained by personal readily admitted: It is difficult to find an inobservation in the school room. It is a fact dividual in each town, who by education and generally noticeable, that in those districts habits of study, is adapted to superintend and where parents and guardians are indifferent to give direction to the schools. Besides, the the schools, and never visit them, fault-finding compensation ordinarily allowed to town suwith the teacher, and with the government and perintendents, does not warrant their giving regulations of the school, is always most time to study and preparation, for the proper prevalent. The progress too, of such schools, discharge of the duties of the office. A man is always less marked, than in those where pa- to be efficient and successful in any particular rents are properly interested and make freoccupation, needs to have his time and atten. quent visitations.

tion devoted to it. It is true, there are Town It is in vain to expect that children will be Superintendents, who are well fitted for the profitably interested in the school, if parents duty, and who freely give their time, regardmanifest none; por can the usefulness of the less of the small pecuniary consideration alteacher be secured, without co-operation. Pa- lowed them. Examples of this kind however, rents are generally, not aware of the influence are not numerous. they are capable of exerting upon their dis- It seems a reasonable conclusion, that the trict school; their presence and friendly advice districting of the State into territories of a in the school room, is a never failing stimulus size and population, sufficient to employ the to the teacher, and encouragement to the schol- entire time of a well qualified Superintendent, ars. Indifference and neglect of the school on would conduce to a more intelligent and effect

C. B. H.

ive school supervision. This subject is one,

ITEMS. capable of great amplification, and has been

ENCOURAGING.-A correspondent at Ranlargely discussed by the best talent of the country; it is a subject we approach with diffi- dolph, Wis., writes us an interesting letter, in

relation to the progress of educational matters dence, nevertheless, we shall probably refer to it again.

in that town; we have only room for the fol.

lowing extract: NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS.

"It gives ine pleasure to state that the district schools have commenced their winter terms,

under the most fayorable circumstances. The Probably at no period in the history of Wis- number of scholars is much greater than at any consin, has there been so large a number of

previous ycar; the school houses are in a much new school houses erected, as during the past better state of repair; the scholars are better year. In many of the cities and villages in furnished with books, and as far as practicable, various parts of the State, we hear of the have provided themselves with those recombuilding of large and elegant school edifices,

mended by the State Superintendent. Our ranging in cost from one thousand to ten thou

Teachers are all workers of the right stamp. sand dollars each. The policy of dividing a

Our school boards do not inquire who can we village containing a few hundred, or even a few thousand inhabitants into small districts, we get to teach, but where can we find first rate 18 becoming every year more unpopular. Edu- Teachers? The general feeling of the people cators maintain, and experience proves, that is

, give us energetic, thorough going and praclarge houses with classified departments, are

tical Teachers ?" more economical, and are better calculated to

Mr. J. J. M. ANGIER writes from Berlin, advance the interests of education. As to the giying some school items, among which are plans on which most of these houses have been

the following: constructed, and their internal arrangement,

"At Omro, Winebago county, a new school we have no definite information. It is reason

house, 32 by 60, two stories high, will be comable however, to infer from the character and

pleted in a few weeks. The people of Berlin intelligence of the population of the towns

are waking up to the interests of schools. Our where these buildings have been erected, that

house is not very conyenient; we have about the latest and approved models have been consulted. A school house with an elegant exte

200 scholars and three Teachers. At the last rior, is certainly very desirable; but after all,

annual mecting, the inhubitants voted to raise its interior plan and equipments, have a great- $1,000 to build a primary sehool house, to be er practical importance. The art of construct- completed by the first of January, 1857." ing school buildings, and supplying them with

Madison.-Wo haye a letter from a correnecessary appendages and fixtures, has for spondent at Madison, giving a graphic descripyears been undergoing progress like all other tion of the school house accommodations in the arts. This department of educational enter-capitol city of the State. He says: prise, is as susceptible of improvement, as the

“Our school houses beggar description; they implements of agriculture or mechanical ma

combine modern disregard of comfort, conyechinery. We suggest to teachers and friends of education, whether it might not serve a use

nience and health, with ante-deluyian architec

ture." ful purpose, were they to furnish suggestions on this subject through the columns of the

We regret to learn that a tax loviod for the Journal. These considerations derive addi-purpose of erecting large and commodious tional importance from the fact, that a large school houses in that city, fuiled to bo approamount of capital, will continne to be be em- priated to that object. We earnestly hope that ployed yearly in this State, in the building of the capitol of our State, will not be long withschool edifices. Every district, which has re-out public school houses, worthy tho acknowsolved to build a new house, should be satisfied ledged intelligence of its population, and which before beginning the work, that it has a plan shall prove an additional ornament to that fully up with the improvements of the age. beautiful city.

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