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very temptation overcome, imparts moral HOW TO PROMOTE PEACE IN A
FAMILY. trength. The popular sentiment of the school,
1. Remember that our will is likely to thus fortified and supported, becomes a be crossed every day, so prepare for it. bulwark against falsehoods. Confidence
2. Everybody in the house has an evil in the truthfulness of children is one of nature as well as ourselves, and therefore the surest measures for making them
we are not to expect much. worthy of it; at the same time, there
3. To learn the different temper and should be the certainty of detection if
disposition of each individual. false, and the strongest motives on the
4. To look upon each member of the side of truth. To extend confidence to family as one for whom we should have a child, and at the same time, strong a care. temptations to abuse it, is almost certain
5. When any good happens to any one, to prove disastrous. In the self-report- to rejoice at it. ing system there can, and always should 6. When inclined to give an angry anbe, the strongest influence in favor of
overcome evil with good.” truth-tellir.g.
7. If from sickness, pain or infirmity The system of marking recitations,
we feel irritable, to keep a strict watch used in most of our colleges, for the pur- lover ourselves. pose of comparing the attainments of the 8. To observe when others are so sufdifferent members of the class, proves a sering and drop a word of kindness and spur to its drones and a strong incitement sympathy suited to them. to diligence. The class marks, in many 9. To watch the little opportunities of colleges, constitute the basis upon which pleasing, and to put little annoyances out the college honors are confirmed. At
way. West Point, I believe, the honors are con- 10. To take a cheerful view of everyferred upon the joint basis of scholarship thing, even of the weather, and encourage and deportment. Attainments in study hope. are there counteracted by disreputable
11. To speak kindly to the servantsbehavior. For schools, the system of to praise them for little things when you West Point seems greatly preferable.— Why should the attainments and con- 12. In all little pleasures which may duct of the scholar be divorced in the
occur to put yourself last. estimate of scholarship?
13. To try for “the soft answer which A complete machinery is one of the turneth away wrath.” distinctive features of a model school
14. When we have been pained by an a machinery simple, yet effective, com- unkind word or deed, to ask ourselves : bining every proper influence; but, after “Ilave I not often done the same and all, machinery is not success.
Theoreti- been forgiven ?” cal systems of education, however grand 15. In conversation, not to exalt yourand imposing, without the vital power of self, but bring others forward. the living teacher pervading and energiz- 16. To be very gentle with the young ing the whole enginery, are at best but ones, and to treat them with respect. splendid failures. The greatest machine
17. Never to judge one another harshin the school room is a lire, enthusiastic ly, but to attribute a good motive when Teacher.
E. E. WHITE.
For the Journal of Education.
mechanic, who would improve himself TRIALS OF THE TEACIIER.
has upon his table some Journal of
Art. Every farmer finds time to read
the agricultural department of his weekly If our trials spring from a discased paper, if he has not a Journal devotbody, much exercise in the open air, and ed exclusively to his particular occuclear sunlight, a calm and cheerful spirit, pation. Why should not every Teacher a sun-burned brow and toil-hardened have at hand some Educational Journal hands, a walk or ride, not merely for its which may remind him of his faults and own sake, but a walk or ride enlivened by suggest the means of their reform in a good company and sweetened by mental kindly manner? activity, as there may be joined with it We may never be free from a sense o much of scientific research-will be found inability to instruct all our pupils with an invaluable specific for this class of an equal degree of success. ills. The confinement of the school never feel perfectly qualified for our task room is apt to in luce disease, which pre-We may have even some, who seem sents as one of its worst features an un- stupid, uninterested and unimproved, bu willingness to apply its proper remedy. will not the keenness of our trial at thi When we feel the pressure of listlessness, be much blunted, if we have with us th the dull headache, and the uneasiness so consciousness of having faithfully per common to the Teacher, when we imagine formed our duty in the work of prepara our pupils unusually restive and noisy, tion. No one may cxpect perfection is let us betake ourolves as soon as released this respect, but there may be much les from School to the garden, the field or imperfection. Every failure to give th the woods, and find in our own recruited pupil a clear understanding of the subjec energies the best rod of correction. explained, should inspire us to new zeal
If we feel oppressed by mental inabili- should fire us to greater carnestness ty, let us rise like men, gird ourselves to should drive us to our books, to muc the work of improvement. There are patient study and thought. The Physi means within our reach. Te, who re- cian finding a diseuse not familiar to him mains at a stand still, does so from sheer betakes himself to his books, nor is h laziness. He has placed before him in satisfied, till he has found the proper re every form, food fitted to his taste and medy, or been compelled to acknowled well adapted to sustain and strengthen. his inability to treat the patient. Th The Press affords him solid as well as trial raises to ihe Teacher not so much lighter food. The association, the insti- from his inability to instruct, as from hi tute and Teachers' Classes, furnish him consciousness of having made little or n the means of brightening his own ideas effort to conquer this inability, Tr; by bringing them in contact with others. earnestly, faithfully, and if at last yo Books in every department of science are are compelled to yield, the confession wi accessible. The great Book of Nature be a source of joy even. It ceases to b lies open before him. If he can not, if he a trial. will not from these sources derive the ad- Is want of power to govern a source ( vantages he needs, he may as well sink trial? First govern yourself; let all so back into utter nothingness, and find in that self control is your constant stud: his ignorance his highest bliss. Every "Let love through all your actions run, Let it be mingled even with the most se- spelling, reading, or ready-reckoning "asvere punishment that at some times may tonish the natives," and earn a great be necessary. Study character. Learn name, which they can not afford to tarby frequent visiting the nature of home nish by associating with any of the vuldiscipline. Make the parent your assis- gar herd. How many can every true tant by causing him to feel that you are Teacher find in his own vicinity, who his friend. Above all be governed by the measure the ability of others to teach by rules of the Bible. There may be found their understanding some one particular instruction sufficient for every case that question, precisely as they understand it, may arise. Let the Spirit of the Great and who will condemn as ignoramuses Teacher be your constant guide. So live those who can not rattle off the alphabet and act that at the close of cach day you in its inverted order, or repeat without may find little or no occasion for regret mistake the multiplication table backat the thoughts and words of the day and wards, or tell just how long you must this source of trial will be much lessened. stop at every pause, or some other equal
Preparation to meet trial of this kind ly silly and nonsensical stuff, which is by is a sure preventor of its recurrence. them assumed to be the whole of an
But do what we may to correct the education. evils, which lie within our own reach, It would be worse than useless to atthere are trials incident to a Teacher's tempt to enumerate the follies of this life, which come from without and can not class, some of whom are found in every be so readily reached and orercome. community, and who are a great trial to
He is engaged in a Profession, which the true Teacher. I have no fear of perhaps contains more quacks than any offending them by these words, for they other on earth, those who feed upon the do not read the Journal as their own, ignorance of others, and maintain that and if by chance they should look into a ignorance that they may not lose their neighbor's for the sake of finding somemeans of support. These are they, who thing to criticise, they will not feel themgive perfect satisfaction in every place selves hit. This class of self-conceited, where they teach; who are unwilling to self-willed one idea riders bring much cast their pearls before swine by attend- disgrace upon the Profession, and make ing upon meetings of Teachers of any those who engage in it with a due apprekind; who know so much already that ciation of it, often heart-sick. they are far in advance of any whose ac- For this there is no remedy, but is a quaintance they have ever formed. These patient endurance and firm maintenance never have trials. Oh, no! such perfect of the right until public opinion is prosuccess can not do other than fill them perly molded and then cancerous tumers with the greatest joy. Their praise is in are eradicated from the body. every-part of their own mouths. They That public opinion is not right is have some particular hobby which they another source of trial. There is too ride rough shod over their pupils, and all little interest on the part of the public who may be so unfortunate as to receive in our schools. This lack of interest any attention from themselves. They feed is shown in badly constructed school their inordinate self-esteem by sucking houses, in illy qualified and half-starythe rery life-blood of their pupils' ininds ed Teachers, in hecdless pupils and a and in some great display of power in general neglect of the educational in
terests of a community. It is a source
LITTLE THINGS. of great trial to those who strive to honor
She said—“That few were too young, their calling, and a burning disgrace to
and none too humble to benefit their felthe intelligence of the American people
low-creatures in some way.”—"The Birththat such a character has a real existence
Day Council,” by Mrs. Alaric A. Watts. as is described in the “ Widow Bedett Papers," who starts with a spelling-book Do something for each otherin one hand and a halter in the other,
Though small the help may be;
There's comfort oft in little thingsfully equipped either to teach a school or
Far more than others see! to steal a horse. So far as actual results
It takes the sorrow from the eye, are a safe criterion by which to judge it
It leaves the world less bare, makes but little difference to the commu
If but a friendly hand comes nigh, nity which occupation he follows, as in
When friendly hands are rare ! either case he takes the property of ano- Then cheer the heart which toils each hour, ther without rendering a just equivalent. Yet finds it hard to live; If any distinction should be made, it And though but little's in our power, should be made in favor of the horse thief,
That little let us give. for public opinion sentences him to his We know not what the humblest hand, just punishment, while in many cases it If earnest, may achieve; sanctions his brother the mind-murderer. How many a sad anxiety In the vast majority of cases those most
A trifle may relieve :
We seek not how the aged poor vitally interested are the most indifferent.
Drag on from day to day; They send their children to school and
When o'en the little that they need think no more of them than if they had
Costs more than they can pay ? not a being. They know not, they care Then cheer the heart that toils each hour, not what may be the qualifications or the Yet finds it hard to live! character of those to whom they intrust
And though but little's in our power the immortal minds of those whom God
That little let us give.-Cus. Swain. has given them. Iet them appreotice a
GIVING. child to a trade, and endless are their enquiries and great their angiety lest he be What ever lost by giving? placed under unworthy tutelage. If the The sky pours down its rain, shop is near they must drop in every day
Rofreshing all things living,
While mists rise up again. or two, to note progress and watch instruction given.
Go, rob the sparkling fountain,
And drain its basin dry; Wnes the husbandman goes out to The barren-seoming mountain Sow, we hear the shrill cry of the village Will fill its chalice high. boys scaring the birds from the furrows:
Who ever lost by loving? The good seed of the mind is to be guard- Though all our hearts we pour, ed from vain thoughts descending with
Still other spirits moving fiercer hunger.
Will pay our love with more.
And was there ever blessing
That did not turn the rest, into which many well meaning people fall, A double power possessing, namely, the taking violence to be strength. The blesser being bless'u ?
WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
BY JOIIN II. CANOLL.
From the New York Teacher. are about 850, which are attended by LEAVES FROM A TOURIST'S JOURNAL. 83,000 persons, of whom 34,500 are girls,
the remainder being men and boys. Of these the university of Paris reports forty asylum schools, containing nearly 8,000
children; sixty-six secular, and sixty-two Public ISSTRUCTION IN FRANCE.--France congregational schools, having, together may well regard with some degree of com- nearly 30,000 pupils; and thirty-five placency her establishments for popular schools for adults, tuenty-six of which education and professional instruction.- are conducted on the system of mutual They are in the aggregate so numerous, instruction, and in specific objects so diverso, that The city of Paris has founded three the limits of a few brief notes will not elementary schools of a superior characallow of a description of these institu- ter, in one of which the English and Gertions, and will scarcely afford opportunity man languages, drawing, mathematics, for an imperfect classification of them.-- physics, technology, chemistry, history, There are establishments, in some cities, and geography, are tauglit to more than called creches (nurseries; the word creche 300 persons; has established several Norsignifying a manger, or cradle) in which a mal seminaries, and assists in supporting mother can leave her infant during the eight protestant schools and many etlucaday, that she herself may engage in la- tional institutions which are not usually borious occupations; while the tender included under the name of schools. To frame and feeble intellect of the child is these public establishments private enwatched over with a care not unworthy terprise has added, in the city of Paris, of maternal solicitude. From these cre- numerous elementary and asylum schools, ches or cradels to the schools of law and and established courses of lectures, which, the academies of science, there seems to it is said, are well attended. be an admirable gradation; but the cur
The schools of secondary instruction sory manner in which these observations embrace the lyceums and colleges, and were made would render it hazardous to the free schools in which Latin is studied. say that the systein is as perfect as could of these the five lyceums are most celereasonably be desired.
brated, although there are several schools Three classes of instruction, the pri- of this class which are entitled to a mary, secondary, and superior, constitute higher reputation than some of the colthe university of France, which is sub- leges. Three of the lyceums receive ject to the jurisdiction of a minister both externes (day scholars) and pensionof public instruction, whose duties some-naires (boarders); the latter, at a charge what resemble those of the regents of one thousand francs, about two hunof the university and the superinten- dred dollars, per annum. Among the dent of public instruction of the State schools of this middle rank may be inof New York.
cluded, also, the Ecole Normale, a norThe primary schools comprise asylums, mal institution of deservedly high repuclementary, industrial, and all similar tation, in which the students are gratuischools in which Latin is not taught. Of tously maintained as boarders, and have the elementary schools under the univer- free access to laboratories, an interesting sity of France and the city of Paris, there cabinet and a fine library.