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To The Most WORTHY.—The Wesleyan

BOOK TABLE. University, at Middleton, Conn., recently conferred L. L. D. on Daniel Chaco, who has CORNELL's High School GEOGRAPHY.taught a good school for a quarter of a centu- This volume completes Cornell's series of Geo ry. Brown University, at the last Commenco-graphies. The claims of this work to publi ment, conferred L. L. D, upon John Kingsbu- favor are ry, of Providence, who has been a Teacher for 1. It is arranged on a truly inductive sys thirty years. Such honors are a little too com- tem. mon, but we are glad to see them bestowed up- 2. Its arrangement is clear and practical. on worthy men.

3. It is interesting.

4. It avoids on the one hand multiplicity o MASSACHUSETTS State Refore School facts, and on the other a meager outline of the For Boys.— This School at present numbers subject. 570 boys, of whom 140 work on the farm, 120

5. It embraces a system of Reviews. manufacture shoes, 116 sew and knit, 60 make

6. It embraces recent explorations and sta cane seats, while the others are employed in tistics. the'various departments of the Institution.- It is creditable to the House that publishe! Massachusetts educates all her children. it, and we think it will be found adapted to the

wants of our High Schools. The improve STATE REFORM SCHOOL For Girls, At LAN

ments made during the last few years in text CASTER, Mass.— The exercises connected with books on Geography have been great, and this the opening of this Institution, took place on series embraces a large share of them. Pub the 27th of August. It is designed for the lished by D. Appleton & Co., 346 and 348 reformation of girls between the ages of seven Broadway, New York. and sixteen.

Tati's Philosophy. This work by Prof To The New Hampshire Journal of Edu-Tate, of the Kneller Training College, England cation will soon be published by the State Ag- is admirably adapted to High Schools ani sociation. Friends of Education in N. Hamp- Academies. It has passed the ordeal of criti shire are making great effort to advance the cism in England, and we feel no hesitation in cause.

commending it in the strongest terms. In ad

dition to the subjects embraced under the head Jet- The people of Monroe, Greeno county, of Natural Philosophy, there is a finc treatis, are making an effort to crect a School edifice, on Experimental Chemistry and an exposition to cost about $10,000. Success to all such un. of those principles that relate to agriculture.dertakings.

This we regard as a desirable feature. I ZA MARRIED, at Racine, on the 5th inst., many of our country schools neither time no Mr.0. D. W. Robinson to Miss ELVIRA SEARLE,

means admit of special attention to agriculturs teacher in the Racine High School.

Chemistry, but with this work a taste may b.

formed and such knowledge may be gained a Foyn We regret to hear that Mr. Geo. Mc- will be of great value. The part on Astronom Whorter, Principal of Ist Ward School, Mil- and the use of Globes we regard as of a specii waukee, was seriously injured a few days since, interest to teachers. by a fall from an embankment where the strect

The whole work has been revised by C. : had been lately graded. We hope to hear of CARTEE, Principal of Harvard School, Charle: his speedy recovery.

town, Mass., and is published by the enterpri:

ing House of Hickling, Suan & Brown, Boston Ft JAMES CRUIKSHANK has been appoint- Peltor's OUTLINE MAPS.- We wish to ca ed Resident Editor of the New York Teacher, attention to the advertisement of J. II. Rolri in place of A. Wilder, who has become one of who offers great inducements to District Board the Editors of the Journal of Education and to purchase Pelton's Outline Maps. Thes College Revier.

maps are so well known and so generally aj

256

WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.

proved by teachers, that it is not necessary to speak particularly of their merits. Every school in the State should be furnished with a set, and it will be well for teachers to direct attention to them. These Maps are not only useful in teaching Geography, but they are ornamental, adding much to the appearance of the school-room, when hung on the walls. We can assure our friends that they will find Mr. Rolfe doing all he promises, in an honorable manner.

NORTH CAROLINA.-We have received the first number of the North Carolina School Journal, edited by Hon. C. S. WILEY, Superintendent of Schools. In 1840 with a population of 753,419 the attendance upon the schools was less than 20,000, while in 1856 with a population of less than 1,000,000, the attendance was about 140,000. That is what we call progre88. Let the light shine. The surest guaranteo we can have of the continuance of our national prosperity is the establishment of a system of Public Instruction in each State. This is what will “ save the Union," and, let

totho us add, we believe nothing else will.

DAVIES' UNIVERSITY ARITHMETIC.--We will only say in regard to this work, that after reading it with some attention, we concluded to put it to the only true test for a school book—that is, use in the school-room—which we have done with the most satisfactory result. In arrangement it is philosophical, in definitions clear and exact, in illustration admirable, and in the selection of questions all that a teacher can expect.

Above we have a cut of a Globe manufacturWe would call the special attention of teach

ed by MERRIAN, MOORE & Co., Troy, New crs—those who want a book as an instrument, York, which for correctness, beauty of finish, with which to do good work—to this treatise, mounting and durability, we have never seen the result of years of toil and experience, on

surpasssd. Those Globes are rapidly gaining the part of a good teacher. Published by A. their way to public favor--and we would diS. Barnes & Co., New York.

rect particular attention to them. Few of our SANDERS' High School READER.—We ex-schools are supplied with this very necessary pected a first rate reader, when the announce- article, and yet nothing is more important.ment was made that a High School Reader was The amount of useful instruction which may be in course of preparation by the Author of given by aid of a Globe, and the variety of Sanders' Series, and we have not been disap- problems that may be solved with it, make it pointed. The reputation this series has acquir-one of the first articles of apparatus that should ed, is a guarantee of its worth, and we think be purchased. It seems a waste of money to the last of the series will enhance that reputa- employ teachers to make a vain effort to teach tion. Published by Ivison & Phinney, New Geography without a Terrestrial Globo and a York.

set of Outline Maps.

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WISCONSIN

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION,

.

VOLUME 1.- NOVEMBER, 1856.- NUMBER IX.

BY REV. JOEL PARKER, D. D.,

From the College Review. It is obvious that reading, like singing, READING AS AN ART.

may be performed in an attractive manner without study. This can be done,

however, only by persons of extraordiPastor of Fourth Avenue Presbyterian Church, N. Y.

nary gifts. It is equally clear that the

rules of art, and long and assiduous pracI propose, in this paper, to treat of reading, not as a means of acquiring know- tice, and careful study, are indispensable

to

any ledge from books, but simply as an art

one's reading with a cultivated and

natural utterance. as a means of conveying precomposed thoughts and sentiments to the minds of

A distinction may be properly taken others, in the best manner, by appropri- here, between giving the highest example ate vocal utterance.

of good reading, and setting forth the The word elocution covers a general principles and processes by which the ground which embraces two things, art is to be acquired. Of the former I reading and speaking. Of these two arts, dare not pretend to be capable, while I so nearly related, reading is the more hopel may be able to offer suggestions difficult. One may speak with natural- of great consequence to those who have ness, and beauty, and force, and yet be not enjoyed the opportunity of long and unable to read, from a printed page or careful training under a competent teachmanuscript, only in a constrained, monot-er. If Pythagoras was too modest to deonous, and altogether artificial manner. nominate himself wise, and would only But he that can read well, since he is assume the name of a lover of wisdom, master of a good elocution, under the dis- it may become me in this connection to advantage of being obliged to call up the say that I do not profess to be a good thought by following the lines with the reader, but only a lover of good reading. eye, can certainly speak better when free It is singular that good reading should from such embarrassment. Hence good be so extensively regarded as an attracreading secures good speaking, while the tive accomplishment, and yet, that so few converse is not true. . One may speak persons should devote to the art any conwell without being able to read even re- siderable degree of study. Mrs. Kemble spectably.

drew crowds by her cultivated reading, when she was obliged—if she would ability to read with a fair degree of fluplease the public in the themes chosen- ency, read better between the ages of to descend to a great deal that was mere nine and eleven than after their education mimicry; while men, delivering their is completed. In early childhood they own sentiments in precomposed words, are simple, and, if they comprehend read in so unskillful and unnatural a man- what they are reading, they are apt to utter ner, that their auditors grow drowsy un- the words and sentences in a natural and der the soporific influence, or become ut- agreeable manner. Further instruction, terly disgusted with their mouthing and in such quality and quantity as they comtheir bad emphasis.

monly obtain at the schools, serves only Why is it that so few persons pay any to render them artificial-mere imitators considerable attention to reading as an of bad models. art? Those who possess abundant means This representation will not be regarfor the education of their children, expend ded as unkind toward teachers, when it large sums and devote a great length of is considered that the greater proportion time to accomp) ments of less value.-- of them do not profess to have studied A gentleman cheerfully lavishes from reading as an art. If any one should atfive hundred to a thousand dollars on the tempt to teach singing, drawing, or daneducation of his daughter in music alone, cing with such slender preparations for and causes her to devote two or three les- their profession, not the least degree of sons a week, under the best masters, for success would be expected. from three to seven years, that she may Before attempting to present the prinacquire an elegant accomplishment, and ciples of the art, and the processes of that, too, when it will not advance her successful culture, we must determine very much in any useful employment; what it is that constitutes good reading. while the same man will not expend three hundred dollars, with three years' which is more like a sister art than any

If reading be compared with singing, study of two lessons a week, for accom

other, a characteristic difference

may

be plishing his son in the art of reading, al

marked. Singing may delight an audithough every one knows that a cultivated

ence when it is not made the vehicle of utterance will go farther to advance him in his profession at the bar or in the any distinct thoughts. While it may

send forth winged words with great expulpit, than anything else, save a good

ecutive force, the music alone can achieve character and a respectable amount of

a large share of the proper end of such a professional and general knowledge. The reason is obvious. There is a want of

performance, without a single accent of

vocal utterance. Reading, on the confaith in the good influence of cultivation, as applied to the art of reading. It is trary, achieves nothing, except as it car

ries thoughts into the mind of the hearnatural that these impressions should exist. As a general thing, those who have er, and impresses corresponding senti

ments on the heart. studied reading are worse than others.They are more likely to exhibit an af- That reading, therefore, is the best fected precision, a measured and inflated which attracts least attention to itself, style, and an intolerable mouthing. It is and most to the ideas and sentiments unquestionably, a general fact that chil- which it is intended to convey to the dren, after they have once acquired an hearer.

This view may be elucidated and im- Another kind may be commonly repressed by a comparison of reading as a garded as quite defective, because the art medium of communicating mental phe- is carried to such a pitch as to leave the nomena, with glass as a medium of pre-hearer meditating only on the matter senting visible objects. Before you is a presented, or if turned from it to the manWINDOW-pane. You are asked to look ner of the reading, nothing else can be through it at yonder building. Your observed' except some natural defect judgment is solicited in respect to the which had not been entirely overcome.quality of the glass. If you tell me that To illustrate this point I will briefly deyou think it beautiful, and speak admir- scribe the reading of two distinguished livingly of the wavy ridges upon its surface, ing speakers who exemplify these two and the varied tints that adorn it, I shall styles of elocution respectively. immediately inform you that you have

They read the following passage from not comprehended the true purport of my Pope : inquiry. I wish to know your judgment of the value of a glass, in respect to the Act well your part, there all the honor lics.

“Honor and shame from no condition rise, end for which it is employed as a medium Fortune, in men, has some small difference made, of vision applied to the house in ques. The cobler aproned, and the parson gowned,

One flaunts in rags--one flutters in brocade tion. As soon as the matter is thus sta- The friar hooded, and the monarch crowned. ted, you give a different answer. You

What differ more, you cry, than crown and

cowl? say that it is a worthless pane of glass, I'll tell you, friend—a wise man and a fool. and ought to be exchanged for another You'll find, if once the monarch acts the monk,

Or cobler, like the parson, will be drunk ; as near to perfect plainness and transpar- Worth makes the man, and want of it the felency as possible. The unevenness dis- low,

The rest is all but leather or prunella." torts the objects upon your gaze, and the

The first reads with a full sonorous uttints invest them with an unreal coloring. You like better the adjacent pane in the terance, throughout. His tones are sweet same window. That is beautiful, you

and rich. Every syllable falls upon the say. It presents objects in the perfec. whole passage appear as it would appear

ear with a distinctness that makes the tion of nature. I ask you to place your hand upon it. You attempt it. Your

to the eye if it were printed in a golden

The hand passes through!

There is no glass type, and in large, distinct letters. there! I ask you, Is it better than the countenances of the whole audience are other? You reply, Yes. The most per

lit up with a glow of admiration, and fect medium of vision is that which at- men retire speaking of the splendid recitracts no attention, but leaves the mind tation. They have forgotten Pope, in to rest on the object. Just so, that read their admiration of a beautiful and com

The other reader posing is the best which presents thought manding voice. without diverting any part of the mind's sesses a harsh voice, and a disagreeable attention to the elocution through which drawl in his utterance. As he proceeds, it is communicated. It follows from this his emphasis teaches you that "condiexposition of the nature of the art, that tion” is not the source of “Honor and a certain style of reading may elicit shame;" that you must act "well. great admiration, and, at the same time, that, that makes the “difference," and be very artificial, and quite unadapted to the whole is so managed that the passion the ends of a just and true elocution. land force of the speaker are held in re

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