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which we muil to the various parts of the so contracted as to afford, on an average, State.
only forty or fifty feet of cubic air to It will be remembered that there are each pupil, instead of one hundred and towns of the same name in several of the fifty or two hundredi; if no provision is counties in this Commonwealth. made for a constant supply of that indisF. D. L. WEBSTER,
pensable element of health and life, pure Dep. Sup't Pub. Inst. air, except the rents and crevices which
time and wanton mischief lave made; if GOOD SCHOOL HOUSES.
t is so uiterly destitute of internal con
veniences and external attractions, as to Toe close connection of good houses resemble a gloomy prison or an Indian with good schools, is now conceded by wigwam; if it stands in disgracesul conerery intelligent friend of popular educa- trast with all the other edifices in the tion.
neighborhood, public or private; if the Indeed, it is hardly possible to have a only ilan or principle which determined good school without a good school house; its size and furniture, was the minimum and the ultimate success of our whole scale of expenditure; is the pupils, while system of Common Schools depends as attending school in it, should sufier from much on a thorough reform in the con-theat or coll, from too much or too little struction, furniture, and care of school light; if the quantity of air contained in houses, as upon any other single circum- it, is so small as to be soon exhausted of stance whamover.
its oxygen, and to cause the pupils to The people should bear in mind, and suffer from dullness, depression, and head be encouraged by the fact, that when ache; if, in short, it is so badly constructeach district shall be provided with a suit- ed, so imperfectly ventilated, so replete able school house, the expense will not with vulgar ideas, and so utterly repug. recur for a generation. Parents should inant to all habits of neatness, thought, also remember, that the interest wliich taste, or purity, as to cause the pupil to their children take in their studies, and regard it as the most comfortless and the progress which they make in the ac- wretched tenement which he erer enterquisition of learning, most materially deed, to think of it with utter repugnance, pend upon the condition, location, and to dread instinctively the tasks which it general arrangement of the school house imposes, and, finally, to take his leave of which they occupy. If it is located with it as a prison, from which he is bat too out reference to the taste, health, or com- happy to escape; if such is the condition fort of the teacher or pupil; if it stands of their school house, then, surely, paon the public highway, on the border of rents ought to remember that if their a swampy moor, on the top of a barren children attend school in such an inconknoll, in the middle of a bleak plain, or in venient, repulsive, disparaging, unhealthy any other exposed, unpleasant, uncom- tenement, their lives will be endangered, fortable spot; if it is destitute of play- their intellects impaired, their love of ground, cnclosure, shrub, or shade tree, learning deadlened, their moral sensibiliand every thing else calculated to render ties blunted, their manners become vul. it pleasing and attractive; if its ceiling is sar, and every impression connected with
the school, deepened into the most irreonly eight or ten feet high, instead of pressible antipathiy:— lichigan Journal twelve or fourteen; if its dimensions are of Elucation,
Visit Your ScuoOL3.- The following habit, as is now the general custom, of remarks are worthy of the attention of keeping the child of the defendant, with those interested :
other scholars, after schcol hours, to You could not do a better thing. Your learn her lessons, which had been imperboy has the idea that you care scarcely fectly recited during school hours. The more than a fig's value about his progress parent believing that the detention was there; your girl thinks you are too busy illegal, went to the school house and deabout more important matters to worry manded his child. This was after reguabout her recitations. Grammar is dry lar school hours. The master said that as dust to her, Geography is tedious, the child should go as soon as she had Arithmetic is a bore, Reading is horrid, recited her lesson. The parent attemptWriting is her special abomination. If ed to enter the school room to take his she speaks of either at the table, she is child, but his entrance was resisted by
You talk of stocks and Se- the master, and the assault upon the masnatorship, of the war and free trade. ter was the result. The Court ruled that The young ones learn to think their the keeping of a child until the lessons studies very small matters in comparison of the day had been perfected, was legal;
that the parent in attempting to enter But visit your school to-day. Hear a the school room, in opposition to the will lesson or two recited. Learn from their of the master, was in the wrong; that a teachers what their standing is, in what child placed at school by the parents is they oftenest fail, in what they excel. under the control of the master until See who sits next them in the school regularly dismissed; and that the parent
See how they compare in person cannot withdraw the child from school al appearance, whether they look happy during the day against the master's will, and at home. If acquainted with their except through the intervention of an school habits, you cannot but be inter- officer and the school committee. The ested in them, and then you cannot defendant was fined $30 and costs.—Bost. possibly avoid talking of them.
Making Traveller. their matters subjects of home conversa
THE WILL AND THE WAY.-I learned tion will certainly stimulate them to better efforts-make better scholars of them.
when I was a soldier on the By all means then visit your schools. Go pay of sixpence a day. The edge of my alone, if no one will go with you. You berth, or that of my guard-bed, was my will always be welcomed by the teacher,
seat to study on; my knapsack my book unless he is a fit one to be turned off. - case, and a bit of board, lying on my Pittsburg Visitor.
lap, wis my writing-table. I had no money to purchase a candle or oil; in
winter, it was rarely that I could get any The Rights of SchOOLMASTERS AND light but that of the fire, and only my PARENTS.-A case of considerable inter-turn even of that. To buy a pen or piece est was tried recently before Justice Ladd, of paper, I was compelled to forego some of Cambridge, Mass. A citizen of New- portion of my food, though in a state of ton was complained of for an assault up- half-starvation. I had not a moment of on the master of a school at that place. time that I could call my own; and I It appeared that the master was in the had to read and write amid the talking,
laughing, singing, whistling and bawl- CONGREGATIONAL OR PAROCHIAL
Tae Pennsylvania School Journal, for I say, if I, under these circumstances, April, contains a paper on this subject, could encounter and overcome the task in which it is maintained, that the gene-is there, can there be, in the whole ral establishment of denominational Torld, a youth who can find an excuse schools is both unnecessary and inexpefor the non performance ?- Colbett.
dient. Some of the injurious effects of
such schools on the great common sysTEACHING AS AN OCCUPATION.
tems of the day, are thus stated in the
article before us: OCCASIONALLY one may be found who
1. Their establishment withdraws the selects teaching as an occupation during Clergy connected with them, from their the continuance of health and strength, proper position as Directors or Visitors of but such cases form the exception, and as the Common Schools; thus abandoning a general rule teachers have small induce the latter to the risk of improper influments to continue in that line. Why is ences, which their presence might re
strain. it so ? The profession of teacher is as
2. They estrange the parents of their necessary as that of the minister, doctor pupils from the same cause and field of
labor. or lawyer. Why is not their standing
3. They tend to increase opposition to cqual? The great importance of educa- Common Schools, by the fact that they tion, the respect which should be felt and subject their patrons to double expense, expressed for those engaged in the most viz., for tuition in or contribution to the elevating duty,-second only to that of Parish school, and for Common School
tax. the clergy, -of laying the foundation for
4. They add to the aggregate expense a superstructure of improvement carried of the educational means of the place, on, if disposed, through life, and standing and weaken their efficiency, by division. for $o many hours in the place of the pa- the Common School, injure the effect of
5. They, and all rival institutions to rents of the children committed to their its discipline, by presenting an open instruction, with these claims to equality, school-door to all who will not submit to will any one give a good reason why the the equal and impartial rules of the pubrank of the school teacher is lower than lic institution. that of other professions ?
6. They retard the perfecting of the
Common Schools of the locality by diIs it owing to the fact, that the instruc- viding the efforts of the friends of education of children is supposed to require tion; thus delaying the period when, by less effort of the faculties than other pro- the Common School will impart sound in
proper gradation and other improvements, fessions, that the minds of schoolmasters struction to every child, under the eyo accommodate themselves to the calibre of his parent. of their less intelligent pupils, and are thereby made less capable of decided By six qualities may a fool be manly action? Who will answer this known-anger without cause-speech question ?-R. I. Schoolmaster.
without profit, change without motive, inquiry without an object, putting trust
in a stranger, and wanting capacity to PT In carly life, acquire the habit of
discriminate between a friend und foe. using good language.
INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAP AND the vacation. The period of instruction
alloirel is from tive to seven years.
of the term, is urged upon all applicants, This institution is situated at Delaran, as pupils cannot ordinarily be recircul Walworth County, Wisconsin, on the at any other tine. line of the Racine and Mississippi Raila Persons desiring to place a pupil in the road. It was established and is support- school, should adılress the Principal, accil by the bounty of the State, and is free guainting him with the name, age, res to all deat' mutes, of ordinary health and care of the mute, the cause of deafmental capacity, residing within the limits, noss, &r., de. of the State and between the ages of 10, The isolated and deplorable condition and 30 years-10 charge being made for of the uneducated deaf mute--more letuition or hourl.
nighter than the heathen--utterly destiThe Quilling occupies an clerated and inte ot'n knorisiige of his own soul, of healthy siie, is capable of accommodating God, and of his moral relations and obliabout 10 pupils, and will doubtless be gations, strongly appeals to all benevoenlarged as the increase of pupils may, lent citizens to interest themselves in his require.
behalf. The officers consist of Principal, Steve The extreme difficulty of reaching ard, Assistant Teachers, Vatron and Phy- many of the parents of the deaf and sician, all of whoin, except the Physician,, (mnb, eren by the most wide-spread and reside in the Institution, and with the frequent publications, in conscience of pupils, constitute one family,
their isolated dwellings and out-of-theParents may rest assured that no effort way localities, calls upon all citizens who will be sareil to promote the comfort, i know of any such persons, to arquaint and to secure the physical and social, the them with the existence of this institumental and moral improvement of the tion, and if possible, induce them to send pupils. Out of schooi hours, the female their children, or at least, to forward their pupils are in charge of the Vatron, and names and Post Office address. Vedi al receive instruction in needle-work, house- rentlemen, in particular, whose practice work, &c.
is likely to acquaint them with such perThe male pupils, eluring the same hours, sons, are solicited to lend their co-operaare emplovel, as far as practicalsle, in in-, tion, (lustrial cecupations, under the super
Any communications to pecting the Invision of responsible persons. Due time stitution may be adresseri to J.S. OFFand attention are devoted to recreation, ver, Principal of institution for the Deaf and to the cultivation of the manners and Dumbs, Delaran, Walworth County, and social feelings.
Wisconsin. Religious exercises are held twice every Sabbath, in the sign language, in the Chapel of the Institution. Thus, with CIRCULAR OF THE WISCONSIN INSTI
TUTE FOR THE EDUCATIOV OF THE a system of government mili and paren
BLIND. tal, it is the aim ts combine, in one establishment, the advantages of the home, the school, the work-house and, to a considerable extent, of the Church.
Pupils are expected to come amply provided with substantial clothing, and Any person wishing to make applicawith their names distinctly marked on tion for the aclmission of a pupil into the each article. A small sum of money Institute, must address the Superintenshould also be left in the hands of the dent, giving definite and truthful answers Principal to meet incidental expenses. to the following questions, viz:
The school commences annually on the 1st. What are the names and Post Offirst Wednesday of September, and closes fice address of the parents or guardians on the last Wednesday of June, when of the person for whom application is the pupils return to their homes to spend made.
ADMISSION OF PUPILS.
2:1. Ire such parents or guardians legal shall be made for the departure of every residents of the State of Wisconsiu? pupil from the Institute within a foi
32. What are the name and age of the days after the close of each session. person for whom application is made? All letters to the pupils should be add 4th. At what age did he or she become der to insure their prompt reception.
dressed to the care of the Institute in crblind, and from what cause?
5th. Is he or she of sound mind, and susceptible of intellectual culture?
WHY SHOULD ANY Jy Swtar?6th. Is he or she free from bodily de- conceive of no reason why he should, bu formity and all infectious discases? of ten reasons why he should not.
7th. What are his or her persoual ha 1. It is mean. A man of high mora bits and moral character?
standing would almost as soon steal Upon the recruit of such application by sheep as swear. the Superintendent, the applicant will be notified as to whether or not the person
2. It is rulgar; altogether too low for in question will be achmitted, and no one
decent man. must be sent to the Institute until such 3. It is corurilly; implying a fea botication shall have been received.
either of not being believed or obeyed. No person of unbecile or unsound mind,
4. It is ungentlemanly. A gentleman or of confirmed immoral character, will
according to Webster, is a gentleman be knowingly received into the Institute and in case any pupil shall, after a fair well bred, refined. Such a one will n. trial, prore incompetent for useful in- more swear, than go into the street to struction, or disobedient to the whole throw mud with a clod hopper. soue regulations of the Institute, such
5. It is indecent ; offensive to delicacy pupil will be thereupon discharged. No charge is made for the boarding and
and extremely unfit for human cars. instruction of pupils from the State of
6. It is foolish. “Want of decency i "Fisconsin, but all are expected to come want of sense.'-- Pope. proviüed with an adequate supply of good, 7. It is aludire. To the mind whic comfortable clothing, which musi be re-conceives the oath, to the tongue wbiet plenished from time to time as it becomes necessary.
utters it, anl to the person to whom it i The stock of clothing should embrace aimed. suitable articles for both summer and winter, and a suficient number of each heart to be a nest of vipers, and evers
8. It is renomous; showing a man kind to admit of the necessary changes for washing and repairing.
time he swears one of them sticks ou All of the clothing must be sent in his head. good order and condition, not only upon 9. It is contemptible; forfeiting the re the first entrance of the pupil, but also at each subsequent return from home spect of all the wise and good. after the vacation.
10. It is uicked ; violating the divin Each article should also be distinctly law, and provoking the displeasure o marked with the owner's name or initials, Him who will not hold him guiltless whe in order to prevent confusion or loss. It is important that new pupils should
will not hold him guiltless who takes lli enter upon their term of irstruction at name in vain. the commencement of a session, and it is expected of all others that they shall be
N. BATEMAS, Secretary and Agent o present at the opening of the school and
the Illinois State Teachers' Institute, has ro remain until it closes, on the last day of
The teachers of this State the session, unless prevented from doing signed his offee. so by sickness or other emergency.
It is will regret this ecarcely less than the teachers also expected that timely arrangements of Illinois.