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[For the Journal of Education. mense educational fund of the State EDUCATION IN ALABAMA. might be of use to its children. The

well known policy of devoting in every

township the section numbered sixteen, Alabama is a noble land. The story obtained here as in many other states ;of its name has something of a classic but instead of keeping its proceeds a genturn, for it is related that when a wcary eral fund, the state divided it at once company of travelers, driven far from among the people where it had been lotheir native forests, had found its bor- cated. Now the difference in the value ders in the years beyond man's memory, of lands is so great that while, in some so beautiful was the secne which greeted instances, according to the State Supertheir chieftain's glance, he struck his intendent, a county has a hundred thouspcar upon the earth with the exclama- sand dollars from its educational fund, in tion, “ Ala bama," -_"Ilcre we rest!"

another the sum total of the share is just To that little band it was of more impor- ninety-three cents! A pretty school tance than in the parallel case of anti-that would support! It is well for the quity when Archimedes, warm with the state that in Mr. Perry a faithful officer generous glow of a new thought, rushed has been found to act as Superintendent forth with "Eureka," trembling upon his of Public Instruction. A man better lips.

suited for the duties than he, is rarely to Alabama is noble in many respects.- be met. In her cotton trade, she leads the world.

The sources of the educational fund In her minerals she is rich. In all the

may be enumerated as follows: essentials which render a nation great 1. The annual interest, at eight per and happy, she finds no lack. The edu- cent., on the surplus revenue deposited cation of her sons and daughters, too, is with the state in 1936. looked after with care equal to any in

2. The interest on the proceeds of the the United States. The College and the extra lands granted from the United C'niversity are found, as well as the Acad- States in 1918. emies, High Schools and Public Schools.

3. The interest at six per cent on sales Her Female Institutions are second to of sixteenth sections.

Alabama is awakening to a sense of her capacities and is developing her Treasury of a sum not exceeding one

4. An appropriation from the State resources with extraordinary. rapidity.-hundred thousand dollars. Railroads are doing their work in bring

5. Escheats to the State. ing men ncarer cach other, and as men

6. Banks and Insurance Companies know each other better they do not fail

pay annually one hundred dollars on erto love each other more. It is false


hundred thousand of their capital; knowledge which causes difficulty be

the same of Railroad Companies, after tween man and man. The true-remov

having declared a dividend, ing that which seems and showing that

7. A tax on Foreign Banks and Exwhich is-doth erer help man on to

change Companies of one hundred dolhigher perception of the worth and the

lars; and every agency of Insurance grandeur of the human soul.

Companies pays one per cent on profits. Within the last few years a movement

These constitute the principal sources has been inaugurated by which the im- of the fund, which amounts to more than

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twenty-five hundred thousand dollars; – nears the better land. To such a one, a fund which is hardly equalled in any the reward cones, if life be spared, even cther state, when we take into conside- ; here, in a sufficient salary. If the inner ration relative are and po; ulation.--- Srowth bo strong, the world will find it lleretofore little bis been affected for 'out, and ail in the outer development.common schools, Lit within three or Underpaid as we are, there is yet a highfour years past energetic supervision has er work for us than to uhine about low accomplished much is rcrucing a chaotic salaries. Let us sow more, and in due mass to order, and now the motive pow - time we shall reap if we faint not. er is ncarly really to be applied. The We had intended to notice a project results must be auspicious, for when a which is proposed for a Common School great state is aroused in such a work, system in Mississippi, and also to notice History recognizes no such word as fail. the formation of a State Educational As

One of the greatest difficulties to be sociation recently, but time forbids. We encountered now is the want of qualified will perhaps speak further of these matteachers. Plenty can be found "every ters in a future communication. In the day from nine till four, teaching a little meantime, permit us to mention the learning to the little boys," as Dickens pleasure we receive, as monthly come the has it; but the Couriy Superintendents visits of the Journal of Education, conuniversally complain of the extremely ducted hy the teachers of Wisconsin.limited education of those who come be. We love to hear the sounds of inanly fore them for examination. If they re-strife from the broad plains of that fafuse certificates to the unqualified, two- Forite land. We remember well the thirds of the common schools would be free breath we drew as we traveled over vacant, and the people have not yet her boundless prairies and anticipated learned that “it is better to have no the carnest days that seem now to hare school than to have a poor one.” We come-when nen and comen should hope it will be a long time before they do consecrate their thoughts and their lives learn that, though enthusiastic teachers in the great profession of our choice. entrancing large Associations sometimes

By the way, Mr. Editor. you gite us cleclare it as an unquestionable truth.

much food for thought respecting the Our only method is, then, to grant certi- Public Schools. Will you favor your ficates to the best we can get, and cheer

readers by requesting somebody to prethem on, develop, encourage, restrain

pare an article on Female Education, inand make them better by advice and

cluding a sketch of Female Institutions, sympathy. It is a matter of surprise how they are conducteil, how how rapidly teachers grow when well

arc, what they do, and how they do it. cared for, even by one man. Much is said now-a-days of raising salaries, as if

Julson Tomale Institute, tluit would produce men. It were well

Marion, Ala., July 28. for such talkers to look about them and see how many are carning the moncy they now · receive. The true teacher He prayeth best, who loveth best

All things both great and small; grows from within, toiling, enduring

For the dear God who loveth us, and hoping, he develops his own nature, He made and loveth all. and becomes nobler day by day as hel

8. T. Coleridge.

many there

S. I. c. S.


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A, J. C.


(For the Journal of Education.

employed), and they pay one $1,50, and NOTES BY TIIE WAY.

the other $5 a week, and board them.This is as it should be, and it will en

courage teachers to fit themselves for Iloricon, Dodge Co.

their business, that they may not only ED. JOURNAL :-One of the best eri

demand, but earn an increasel compendences of an increasing interest in educa

tional matters, on the part of the people
of our state, is seen in the beautiful and

For the Journal of Education. commodious structures rising all over

the land, devoted to the instruction of our
children. The citizens of this beautiful

Riding along the other day in the town village are wide-awake, and have com- of Aztalan, Jefferson county, my attention menced the erection of a Union School was drawn to a neat brick building, House 41x61 feet, and three stories high, standing a few rods in advance by the including the basement. The basement roadside. As it was surmounted by a is to be 8, and the other stories 14 feet cupola, or bell tower, I supposed at first in the clear from floor to ceiling. It is that it was a small church; but, upon arto be built of brick, and will cost, when riving in front of it, I discovered the folfinished about eight cr nine thousand lowing inscription cut in stone, and indollars. The site is an excellent one,serted in the wall a few feet above the being on an elevation overlooking the entrance—"TEMPLE OF LIBERTY. Disvillage and surrounding country, in full trict V0.6." It was a sehoo! house. As view of the Milwaukee and La Crosse I rode along, I kept repeating to myself, Railroad, and about 60 rods south of the “ Temple of Liberty"_" Temple of Libdepot. It was designed by Mr. Mygatt, crty"; and many an hour since has that of Milwaukee, and is to be finished with simple inscription furnished me food for the latest and most approved furniture.-- thought. One day, when considering the It is to be finished by the first of January subject, I found myself ta'king aloud, and '57, and when tinished, and a good corps a listener might have heard something of teachers secured, this village will not like what follows: “Yes, it is a “Tembe behind any in the State in regard to ple of Liberty'; for while freedom is the educational advantages,

birthright of every human soul, here all Another evidence of an awakening in- may secure instruction-may freely parterest in the cause of education is the in- take of that nourishment which develops creased remuneration given to teachers. the intellect and the heart, and gives dirNot many years since, 12 shillings a week nity to manhood and womanhood. On was considered good wages for a female this altar any one may offer sacrifice.teacher in a country district school. In The Jew and the Gentile, the Pagan and several districts which I have visited dur- the Christian, the black and the white, ing the present summer, they pay their the rich and the poor, every race and nateacher $5 a week, without board; and, tion, and kindred, and tongue, may bow in the village of Mayvillc, in this county, together and adore the goodness and tethey give $6 a week, the teacher board- neficence of God our Father, developed ing herself. In the village of Lake Mills, in our institutions. Here the children of Jefferson county, they have two teachers parents who may be estranged or enemics to each other, are brought together and ing the financial condition of the Univertaught to forget family feuds. IIere sec- sity. tarianism, Religion's bane and Truth's Messrs. BALLARD, Duxn, West and deadly foc, can find no lodgment in minds Yocum addressed the meeting. emulous for distinction, and eager in the The following ressolutions were then pursuit of knowledge, or in hearts from offered: which confidence and affection instinc- 1. Resolred, That we have the utmost tively flow. Here the artificial distinc- confidence in the competency and ability tions of society—the frost-work which versity, and that we congratulate them on

of the present Faculty of Lawrence Uniencrusts the cold and proud-disappears, the eminent success of their untiring of melted by the warm glow of generous forts to promote the progress of their puimpulses, rising in hearts uncontaminated Pils, and the welfare of the University,

and to raise the standard of education. by the selfish policy of a calculating, mo- 2. Resolret?, That we deeply regret ney-getting world. When partizan strife that any circumstances should have arisand sectional animosity shall attempt to en, rendering it necessary that a portion shake the pillars of our Constitution, and the Faculty should be used for the com

of the fund provided for the support of undermine the foundation of our govern- pletion of the College Building. ment, from these templesscattered all 3. Resolrul, That the present Fund of over our land, shall go out an influence the University is not commensurate with swift to rebuke disaffection and intrigue, our obligation to do our part towards ma

its growing wants, and that recognizing mighty to reform and save."

king Lawrence University the first and Yes, it is a “Temple of Liberty,” and best Institution of the kind, not only in

the State, but in the west, we the poople it will be a happy day for our country of Appleton and vieinity do hereby when parents and teachers shall under- pledge ourselves to raise and secure a stand the significance of that inscription, fund equal to $10,000, which shall yield and endeavor to realize the full measure

an annual income of at least ten per cent.,

for the purpose of endowing an additional of benefit flowing from the right cluca- professorship; provided, that a fund of tion of the whole people.

not less than $20,000--with a proporPulmyra, August, 1850.

tionate income, one half of which shall be dedicated to a like purpose, shall be

raised from abroad. LAWRENCE UNIVERSITY.

4. Resolved, That the proceedings be published in the papers at Appleton, and by other Editors favoralle to the

institution. Pursuant to previous call of a Commit

And were separately read and adopted tee appointed by the trustees of the Law

after full discussion, in which Messes, rence University, for the purpose of taking Conkey, Eaton, J. M. Phinney, Jackson, into consideration the financial interests

McDonald, Yocum, Baker, Bateman, and of the Institution, a large number of the others took part. After which the meetbusiness men of Appleton and vicinity

ing adjourned. Cias. AIKEN, Ch'n. assembled in the College on Wednesday

FRED. PACKARD, Secretary. evening, August 13th.

CHARLES AIKEN, Esq., was chosen Chairman, and F. PICKARD, Secretary.

What are a nation's possessions?

The great words that have been said in T.ev. Mr. JENNE, the Agent of the Uni- it-the great deeds that have been done versity, read a detailed statement, show- in it.

A. J. C.


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[For the Journal of Education.

is a wide field open for pleasant and useMATHEMATICAL STUDIES AND THE ful employment-one which seems to us

FINE ARTS, AS BRANCHES OF WO-quite as well adapted to the tastes and inVAN'S EDUCATION.

clinations of woman as handling the

sculptor's chisel. Her compensation has, In the definition of the word “Tinca in times past, it is true, been far less than tion," we would not differ essentially from the real value of the labor performed. -the one given in the last No.-"That which But, in this respect, we hope for a brightpreparcs one for usefulness and happiness er future. Her education has hitherto in his or her spliere of life.” But, with been very superficial. She has not been regard to what constitutes the true sphere taught to think and reason correctly; of roman, our views do not cxactly co- some have been almost tempted to believe incide with those which have been ex- that she does not, and cannot, possess the pressed. To us, she seems pre-eminent- strength of mind so necessary for a teachly adapted to the station of a teacher. - er of the higher branches. But she has Her gentle, afiectionate inanners win the

never been placed in circumstances fahearts of the little ones; while her pa- vorable to mental development. Look, tient, unassumuing kindness and cheerful for a moment, at the course of educatioa tones bring hone to older minds, and new

which custoin las, with questionel light to the troubled intellect. 'Tis hers

power, marked out for girls. “The eleto make the first impressions upon the

mentory branches of an English cluesNa die mini of youtz-—"17. 12° lo recuietion--the mere rudiments cf science, 1:111I but when to retuin." From the time

ske, raiating, and a little French." This vien sie fast assumes tie “fonil, yet

may be all that they are able to accoinfearful, task to rule o'er the opening vind

plish in the short time allotted them for in the village school," through the lonel seudyfor they are withdrawn from hay gears, when iisping in ocure Hicol alıut the time that young nic? calis hur ofanma," tili TOULIS 022PTOMcnter college. Is it strange that they Laney chilreti-or, sa later, lk have ret cinced wonderful mathematiFortis : laughter loving muidens sur cal aud scienti.ic jowcis?

and round this parental konk-is liers to cal and scientiic powcis?

"Yct lire there many a lofty mind, iu ress upon the soul the thought of its

In light and frarile fois enshrinci"; own hoch worth to prepare it for useful. ne shiti, a point it ionad to bright- fr, cespite all these o treire, the name

ci Mrs. Summerville gi laanal vier er reisebore.

100 cc attained on tinction in this line'; an It is an luaita 2.12., that fennaies exco s tisti ef sie?? ??n; and, our worthy friend will lease not to for linee 11620.1 reason whytity may not, set that it is the 11.920 of one of thes wizual propriety, if hely creat, who “(letést thiore per les padome telinga who hate adsubiec ferm tire

tirs of lithiciuati," whicks -100 "1111 of knee." The plal has been

the liggest in ou (ecmetry class for it tric, and we think with good success.

last halt year; and, if we nistake no In one of our best New England Culleges;

the same is true with regard to the fin a lais-svife of one of the Professors Algebra and Arithmetic classes. had, for years, regular recitations for the

We hardly need mention the objectic several classes in College. llere, truly, that girls should not study Mathemati

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