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cording to the dictates of an enlightened proval of the community in which he is
The Baltimore Patriot has the follow
ing with reference to the state of educaANNIVERSARY OF ALBION ACADEMY. tion in Maryland :
“ Too long has Maryland been remiss The second Anniversary of Albion in providing for the intellectual wants of Academy was held on the 18th ult., and the poorer classes of her population ; and we learn that the occasion was interest- to prove this beyond controversy, we ing and profitable.
propose to recapitulate a few startling The exercises consisted of Essays, Dec- facts. lamations, Singing and Addresses.
There are within the limits of the State Among the resolutions adopted were the according to the last census, seventeen following:
thousand native white adults, and three Resolved, That we have listened with thousand four hundred and fifty-one forgreat pleasure to the productions of the eigners--making in the aggregate, twenstudents, and regarded them as indicating ty thousand eight hundred and fifteen much care and ability in their prepara- persons—who can neither read nor write. tion, us containing sound and vigorous thoughts, as deserving our commenda- Scattered over eight counties of the State tion for their high toned, moral and reli- -with an aggregate white population of gious sentiments, and as reflecting credit about eighty thousand—there are but npon those presenting them for their fourteen public schools, averaging about graceful and animated delivery.
Resolted, That the exercises of the thirty-four pupils to each school. There day manifested the unwearied exertions are, of course, some private schools in and judicious management of the Princi-. these counties, but the entire number of pal and his associate teachers, in con- children attending school, all does not ducting the Institution the past year.
Resolved, That we render our thanks average more than one child to each famto the choir of the Academy for the in- ily of seven persons. teresting music which they have dis The head of every third family thro'coursed so admirably upon the present out the State can neither read nor write. occasion. Resolved, That our thanks are due to
More than ten thousand men exercise the the citizens of Albion and the students of right of suffrage in Maryland who are utthe Academy, for their hospitality in terly unable to read the names of the providing liberally for this large Assem-candidates for whom they vote. bly so excellent a dinner. Resoloed, That we recommend confi
THE CORNER-STONES.—John Adams dently to the community at large the Institution whose anniversary we have this once remarked that New England had day attended, as worthy of their patron- four institutions, any one of which would age and support.
have led to national independence.-The Principal, Thos. R. Williams, is These were the popular form of her doing a good work in Albion, and is de- churches, the town meeting, the volunserving of what he is receiving,—the ap- teer militia, and the free school.
Now we would apply this. Ought not a portion of each recitation to consist of the
-tudy of objects ? Ought not every teacher of EDUCATE THE PERCEPTIVE FACUL- small children prepare himself for this reci. TIES.
tation ? Ought le not to bare at hand speci. mens of various natural objects? Ile would say,
read the lesson previously, and if allusions are 100 much time is devoted to words-- too made to material tbings, if possible, hare them
little to things. Every primary school at hand. Let the children see the violet, that should be supplied with objects, as well as withis used as the emblem of modesty ; let them books. In most schools the mind of the child handle it; tell them where it grows; show is most carefuily guarded against all ideas of them its glossy petals; speak of Him, who the external world. Not one primary school painted them; teach them to reach in thought in ten contains auything calculated to develop to Him who made all that is beautiful; tell the perceptive faculties.
them that the earth is beautiful, with its rainWe seem to be ignorant of the fact that it is bws and golden-hued clouds, but that to love by exercising the senses that the gerins of in-cach other, to love parents and the Good Being tellect are arvused. The child has mind--that that made the violets and all beside, is more mind becomes active as it cognizes qualities of beautiful thun aught beside. The transition
We do not say that matter causes from things to ideas is an easy one. Our ideal mental activity, but that the senses form the of a teacher would be, a person who could, enermedium through which mind is aroused, and getically, perseveringly, systematically and that the senses can only be exercised by con- lovingly pursue the course hinted at, day by tact with material things.
day. To do this, a teacher must find “SerNature has implanted an irrepressible de- mons in stones, books in the ranning brooks, sire in the child to know. Hand him a sea- and good in every thing.” But unless he does shell; see him handle it; his tiny finger must this, we must question his fitness as an instrucexplore every nook; see him look at it ; he tor of children. The reason that many copsidthrows it from him to get a better view of it; er the position of a teacher in a primary school his hand and eye are both fully employed; this inferior, is, they have no truc idea of it. Their will not suffice; he must test its qualities by ideal of a teacher of children is a sad object to another sense; see the vain effort to introduce contemplate. But we would question the fitit into his mouth. He finds full employment ness of a person to teach any school, who finds for three senses, percbance a fourth--the sense no pleasure in teaching a primary school. Why of smell--is appealed to in vain; he puts it to should a person, surrounded by minds upon his ear; now see the delight food bis face, as which every act makes an impression, talk he enjoys the exercises of three senses at the about not finding room for the exercise of mind, same time. Will be exchange this for the de- or the use of knowledge? We apprehend, that finition of a letter? Does he care what an ex-were the true cause of the lack of interest clamation point is now? Not he. He will known, it would be found to be, not the posquestion his playtbing until he is lulled to session of knowledge, but the want of it. sleep by the lullaby of its murmuring. See as his eyelids close, how his little hands cling to that the teacher of a primary school needs
We would infer, from the foregoing remarks, bis teacher, and watch the smile that plays up and down his face, as he dreams of a sweet song
1st-A mind well disciplined, and stored with
useful knowledge. that a fairy sung for him. Has he not been at school?
2nd-A love for the study of material objects,
and a correct understanding of the relation Hand him a flower, a pebble, anything; he
between the senses and the intellect. will, with childish delight, separate it into parts, arrange them, re-arrange them, and toil
3d--A patient, hopeful nature, that is wil. for hours.
ling to labor for the good of the young, for no
other reward than that necessarily connected which no beautiful plants can grow. We shall with well-doing.
find much promotive of this feeling in our pu4th— A love of truth, deep and abiding.- pils, but we may counteract it by seeking for Such a love for it as will burn out vanity, other than vicious characteristics. The human pride and envy, and kindle into enthusiasm. heart is a harp-its strings are tuneless, but
5th-A love for, and an appreciation of the hidden soul of harmony will return, as the beautiful things—we mean a taste, refined and master hand touches it, or the breeze of kindcultivated.
ness sweeps over it. 6th-A deep sense of responsibility to God, We are often impatient. If we fail to notice and of dependence on Him. Christ was a the effects we anticipated, we blame our pupils, model teacher.
whereas the fault is probably in ourselves. It
may be admitted as a general truth, that there LOOK ON THE BRIGHT SIDE.
is something good in every child. In a majority the good preponderates. We then have
much to encourage us. To make a child betA teacher's opinions will modify the success ter, we must love bim. If we cannot do this of his efforts. No one can accomplish that we cannot become his teacher. If we which he deems impossible. Auy one can find nothing around which affection can twine perform what he believes possible. A strong we have no mission to teach bim. faith in the perfectibility of human nature, We would suggest that there is not enouge should characterize every teacher. By this, I of positive moral instruction in our schools.--mean nothing more than the belief that the When wo say thou shalt not steal, we do no human soul is limitless in its capacity for de- say thou shalt love thy neighbor. The atheis velopment, with truth as a means, and that, tic dogma, that school is merely for intellectua wherever there is a human mind, there, may culture, ought to be scouted by every teacher. the seed of truth be sown, with the assurance
A portion of every day ought to be set apar that it will grow.
for moral instruction in our primary schools ;We often expect too little. We have lit- and the teacher will find his richest rewards in tle faith. Our calling bas a tendency to lead the results of an earnest, trusting effort to mak. the mind to dwell more upon the faults than bis pupils better. A quickened consciencthe virtues of human nature.
We have pa
seems to affect every part of the mind. Woul. rental indifference to contend with. Truths we make our pupils strong, intellectually, w that glow with importance to us, scarcely at- shall find it for their interost, and our own, to tract a moment's attention from those whom commence by making them strong, morally. they most nearly concern. Our most disinterested efforts are often misrepresented.
25+ A CONVENTION of Superintendents Those whom we sought to benefit, are found Lunatic Asylums was held, during last month to be most bitter in their enmity. A thousand
at Cincinnati. A more important subject coul things annoyus day by day. A pleasant
engage the attention of educators, than th school is often the exception instead of the
proper treatment of the insane. Much ha
but much yet remains to be done.
HIGHLY PROPER.-The School Board those buds of excellence, which we may warm Watertown, lately allowed the Teachers, en into life by care.
There are germs in the hu- ployed by them, to attend the Educations man heart that need only the rain and sun-Convention held in the county of Jefferson, an shine to blossom as the rose. Shun a distrust- defrayed their expenses. This is right as we ful spirit. Distrust is the night-shade under as literal and is worthy of imitation.
WISCONSIN STATE TEACHERS' AssociaTIOX. The following Circular from Hon. A. C. Bar-- The Fourth Annual Meeting of the W. S. T. ry, was received too late for insertion in its apA., will be held at Beloit on Wednesday, 20th propriate place, consequently we have placed of August next. The friends of education it in the Editorial department: throughout the State are urged to attend. —
CIRCULAR. Business of the utmost importance to our educational interests will naturally come before the Association for consideration. Teachers
OFFICE OF Supt. or Pub. Ins., should exert themselves to awaken an interest
Madison, July 1, 1846.
} in the different parts of the State, which shall
To Towy SUPERINTENDENTS :-Will you be exhibited by a large attendance. It is to have the kindness to communicate to this Ofthe Teachers of the State that we must look for fice between this date and the first day of Nothe elevation of our schools, and the education vember next, a detailed statement of the conof the youth of the State. Nothing thorough dition of schools and the progress of education and far-reaching can be done without that sys- within your several jurisdictions. State what tematic effort contemplated by the Association. degree of interest is felt and manifested on the We hope to see every county in the State rep- part of parents and others. What is the stanresented.
dard of qualification of Teachers? What are Arrangements will be made with the Rail- the branches taught in the several schools ? road Companies of the State, to carry those What obstacles and embarrassments, if any, in wishing to attend the Convention for half-fare. the way of educational prosperity? What is We are requested to state that the citizens of needed to render the schools more efficient and Beloit will extend their usual hospitality to all useful? What changes, if any, in your opinteachers who may be in attendance.
ion of our School Laws, or modifications of our The session will commence at 10 o'clock A. School System, are required to meet the eduM., on the 20th of August. J. L. Pickard, cational wants of your town? Whether you Pres. of the Association, will deliver the open- have a uniformity of Text Books in the schools ing address. D. Y. Kilgore, of Madison, will under your supervision, and, if so, what Text read a paper on “ The Nature of a Good Edu- Books are used. Any additional facts, sugcation.” W. Van Ness, of Fond du Lac, will gestions, recommendations, &c., will be gladly read a paper on the " Disconnection of Super-received. intendency and Politics.” N. G. Harvey will I trust you will not fail to communicate to read an essay on “ The present state of Educa- this Department as above desired. The infortion in Wisconsin."
mation sought cannot be obtained from the Dr. Adams, of Illinois College, will deliver Annual Reports ; and without it we are unable an address in the evening. A. C. Spicer will
to determine with any degree of accuracy what read a paper. Other persons will address the
is the condition of our schools, and what the Association, due notice of which will be given.
measure of educational prosperity in our State, Besides Addresses, there will be discussions
Yours Truly, and reports of importance. Among subjects
A. CONSTANTINE BARRY, that will come up for consideration may be
Sup. Pub. Inst. mentioned Normal Schools and Reform Schools. SPECIAL NOTICE.-The Executive Commit.
Dr. Johnson applied himself to the Dutch tee of the Wisconsin Teachers' Association are
language but a few years before his death. requested to meet at the Bushnell House, Be- Most of our merchants and lawyers of twentyloit, on Tuesday, August 19th, at 7 P. M. Oth-five, thirty and forty years of age, are obliged er active friends of education are invited to to apply to a teacher to translate a business letbe present. The following are the names of ter written in French language, which might the Executive Committee: A. J. Craig, A. C | be learnt in the tenth part of the time required Spicer, E. B. Goodrich, M. P. Kinney, J. L. to study the Dutch; and all because they are too Pickard, D. Y. Kilgore, Jno. G. McMynn. old to learn
WHO IS TO BLAME?
Let teachers direct attention to this matter
at once, as the most effectual means by which It is asserted, by travelers, that there is no
they can secure the necessary conditions of inother country, claiming to be civilized, whose tellectual and moral progress. And if little
else is done during the next six months, than public edifices, monuments, &c., are so gener
to secure attention of parents and pupils to it, ally marred, and so disgustingly defaced, as
the next generation will have cause of grati. Crime may prevail more extensive
tude. ly in other lands, beggary may exhibit itself in more disgusting forins, but we stand alone in
ITEMS. the downright, unmitigated meanness of marking and polluting our public places. The "azaroni" of Southern Europe, amid all their deg
A FINE Union School building will be coniredation, still cherish that within them, which pleted at Reedsburgh, Sauk Co., about the 1st responds to the beautiful around them. The of September. The building is 31 x 42 feet, privilege of bedaubing fences, whittling posts, and will be well-finished. We learn that a drawing obscene pictures on the walls of our first rate teacher is wanted to take charge of public halls, and writing obscene expressions the school. wherever the eye will probably rest upon them,
During the past year, three new schoolwill soon be claimed as one of our "institu- houses have been erected in Racine. The tions."
buildings are 40x50 feet, two stories high, and We hold teachers responsible, to some extent, well finished, They cost, including lots, about for this disgraceful practice. We do not in- $5000 each. They are designed to accommotend to excuse parents, but the indifference of date the Primary and Intermediate Departparents may be attributed to the negligence of ments of the city schools. The High School the teachers of the last generation. In many building was erected three years since, and is of our school-rooms may be found these foul valued at about $15,000. The value of school signs, which tell so plainly the nature of the property owned by the city, at present, is at mind that guided the hand in making them.-- least $35,000. Teachers should inculcate the most sacred re
The Kenosha Public Schools closed a prosgard for purity both in and out of the school
The teacher who declares his inability perous term on the 3d inst. We understand to cure the evil referred to, only shows his own that the present teachers, will, with few excepwant of fitness for his responsible position. In tions, remain during the next year. order to remove this evil, tact is necessary. W. H. Wells, for sometime past Principal Rules are ridicubus, and coercion impotent.-- of one of the Massachusetts Normal Schools, A public sentiment must be developed that has been appointed City Superintendent of will burn this habit out. This cannot be im- Schools in Chicago. mediately obtained. It cannot be formed by formal and learned lectures. It may be ne The people of Columbus are making efforts cessary to speak privately, to those least in- to erect a Female Seminary. Ten acres of clined to violate the claims of purity and taste, ground have been donated, and about $2000 until a nucleus is formed in the mind of the have been subscribed. school, about which may gather the good
F DURING the past year the number of thoughts the teacher may suggest in a public children attending the Public Schools of North manner. Certainly there must be some way of
Carolina was three thousand more than during reaching the evil. A school in which the
the preceding year. claims of purity are disregarded is a curse to any community. The disgusting habits of the The Superintendent and Teachers of the pupils in many of our schools absolutely pre- Madison Public Schools, recently visited tho clude all progress in anything that a good Racine Schools. These visits of Teachers school ought to promote.
lought to be more frequent than they are.