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CONSIDERED THEORETICALLY AND PRACTICALLY
son of justice, benevolence, forgiveness, to give such a range of experience as will magnanimity, temperance, &c. Profanity develop character in its completeness. should be banished from the school, and There is not a sufficient diversity of inthe rights of all respected. Music will fluences, there is too much unity of feellend its helping hand, in this heart disci- ing and interest to cultivate decision, firmpline. As the united voices are raised ness and self-control.
The school room in praise of God and the right, harmony furnishes incentives to action similar to of voice will produce harmony of spirit, those found in the outside world, with wild passions will be tamed, the rough this difference, that mistakes made in the places made smooth, and the heart made school room are more easily corrected to beat in unison with the moral senti- than those made in later life. ment of the piece.
Some well meaning persons object to Waupun, Wis.
the public school, that depraved and vi
cious children are found there, and fear[For the Journal of Education. sing that contact with such will contami
nate their own sons and daughters, keep COMMON SCHOOLS.
them at home or send them to private schools. Waiving for the present, the
question whether the privatè aro in this No. 3.
respect any better than the public schools Character is a result. Discipline and -we ask, can temptation always be trial are necessary to its formation. It is avoided, or the highest moral developnot simply to promote intellectual devel- ment be obtained without the discipline opment that children are sent from the which results from exposure to temptafamily circle to the school room. Life is tion? a stern reality, a stage on which cach Childhood soon passes, manhood comes must play his part—a battle-field where bringing with it cares and trials, temptavictory crowns only the experienced, the tions and sorrows. Which is best fitactive and persevering. He would be ted to bear the “fiery ordeal," and escapo deemed a rash or fool-hardy general who unscathed, he who has been reared in should meet a powerful disciplined foe in seclusion, ignorant of the vices and folbattle with undisciplined raw recruits.
lies of mankind, or he, who mingling So it would be rash, and not only rash freely with his fellows from his childhood, but cruel for a parent to send his child knows something of human nature, its put into the world without some prepa- selfishness, deceitfulness, and proneness ration, some discipline other than that to err? An old lady is said to have adfurnished at the fire-side. It has been vised her son "not to go near the water said that "the world is a school;" it may until he had learned to swim.” Those with equal truth be said that a school is parents who expect to prepare their 2 miniature world.
children for "ife's great struggle," to Though the aims and objects of pursuit fit them for stations of usefulness and ure different they give employment to the honor—to make them faithful, efficient same faculties, develop the same emo-laborers in the great work of redeeming tions, the same sympathies and desires, their fellow men from the thraldom of vice lislikes and aversions.
by keeping them in ignorance of the exThe family circle is usually too limited listence of evil, have no reason to laugh
at the philosophy of the old lady's ad- ficient to convert it into diamond. I vice or pride themselves upon their su- geography and reading especially, if perior discernment.
paragraph have any sort of elasticity i
it, the teacher must make it curvet i [For the Journal of Education.] ground and lofty tumbling, dance the
rope, toss the balls, blow ribbons, sp HOW SHALL I TEACH A GOOD SCHOOL? fire, assume as many shapes as Proteu:
While it is in the power of the teache
and his bounden duty to awaken interes There is no royal road to teaching.
to arouse the youthful mind to a prope Heart's ease is not to be thought of. Suc
pitch of voluntary exertion the pupil wi cess can only be attained by dint of la
defy all the excellencies of all the wort] bor and care and tact.
ies, unless you give him an appreciab) What a warm, half sunny, half show
guarantee that his labors shall hav ery day in May is to nature, that ought
their full recompense.
The usefulnes every school-day to be to the young mind
of what he is studying is almost as vague -emphatically a growing day.
incomprehensible as eternity or any oth night there rests not that freshness on
subtlety. Homilies about the value the mind of the pupil which glitters on
education don't produce so lively nor s the face of nature in the morning, then
good an impression as Mother Goose' Me ought the teacher to take up the wail of
odies. Children are the high priests the old Grecian: "I have lost a day?" I once thought teaching might be de
practicality. To them, education is a fined the art of giving information. Ac
abstraction; possessing all the intangibil cordingly no reading lesson was interest-ity of their early enemies, the ghosts
and often more dreadful. ing unless it afforded me opportunity to tell something. My views have material- Hope deferred maketh the heart sick.ly changed, and now I sometimes think Children are confined for years over task teaching may be defined the art of get- which they care no more about learnin ting information. It partakes more of a than I do about the mysteries of mill pumping process than a packing process. nery. While I still believe that every lesson No school system makes provision fc needs the seasoning of story and fact, this fundamental law of our being voluptuous condiments which only gifted Reward is inseperably associated wit minds can sparc—the subject must con- labor--a law in as strong operation i tain in itself, enough common place salt childhood as at the prime of life. Th to render its nutrition savory.
hope of a present in return for a certai The excellency of instruction lics not number of perfect lessons for the teru in embellishment, but in showing the pu-would impart agreeableness and in pil in every paragraph a cocoon, which portance to study. Let not the di you will either spin yourself, or show prover of presents cry sordid! TI him how to spin into costly silk. What desire for .property, most agree, is a I mean is, that much of what the pupil early, lasting and legitimate as desii learns, must, from the nature of his fac- for life. Having tried pleading, coaxing ulties, lie in his mind as mere charcoal, scowling, scolding, beating and preach if the teacher have not alchemy suf-ing, all were found inferior to the simpl
WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.
D. J. H.
plan of presenting tickets for perfect les- of which is to procure a library, lecsons, with the understanding that there tures and other means of moral and inwould be an auction at the close of the tellectual improvement. Initiation fee, term when these would be taken in pay- $3 00; honorary and life membership, ment for whatever the pupil might bid $10 00. The officers for the present off.
are Ira W. Bird, President; G. A. Waldo,
Recording Secretary; C. T. Clothier,
They have several good works collected for the library, and are adding from
time to time, as they have the means.This place is the county seat of Jeffer
Success to them in this and every other son county, but owing to several untoward circumstances is behind many other
laudable effort to improve their minds. places in the county in educational advantages. A large tract of heavy tim
[For the Journal of Education. bered land on the east and north, has, as
SCHOOLS IN MUNROEit were, cut it off from the rest of the world, and repelled the class of settlers The people in this place are taking the most likely to prize popular education. A initiatory steps for a Union Graded large proportion of the inhabitants of the School, which will meet their wants and town are Germans, who, though general- be worthy of public patronage. The ly industrious and thrifty, have not yet late visit of the State Superintendent to learned to look upon education as the this place has done much to arouse the main spring of our prosperity and surest people and concentrate public opinion in support of those institutions, to enjoy favor of the measure. There are two diswhich they left home and friends in the trict schools in operation at present, be"Fatherland."
sides one or two private schools. The There are many intelligent, well edu- public schools are crowded, and for want cated people residents of this place, but of classification and arrangement, the their number has not been sufficient, or teachers, though faithful and industritheir efforts persevering enough to enlist ous, can effect but little compared with the mass in an earnest endeavor to realize what they might under a different state the benefits flowing from a good higher of things. Munroe is a beautiful, healthy class Public School. They have two very village ; surrounded by some of the best good district schools in operation, and farming lands in the State, and needs only they endeavor to secure some of the ad- better facilities for disposing of overplus vantages of a graded school, by classify- products, and better educational advaning the scholars according to age and tages to take a higher rank among the qualifications-placing the younger and flourishing towns of our commonwealth. less advanced in one school, and the rest In a few months they will be in direct in the other. A little more than a year communication with the east by railroad, since, they obtained from the Legislature and I am much mistaken, if the public an act of incorporation, under which spirit of her citizens will permit them to they have organized a Literary Society, remain much longer without an efficient, called the Jefferson Institute, the object well-endowed Union School.
[For the Journal of Education.
[For the Journal of Education. MAKE HOME HAPPY. .
WHAT though it be a humble home?
WHATEVER may be true concerning the You may have it full of the richest, rarest gift of speech having once graced the lips gifts of heaven-happy hearts. You may of the subtle serpent, or the orang-outang, make it an “inner temple," where the
or even the exasperated beast of Balaam, surging of the great sea of cares and sor- it is still not to be doubted, that the rows is never heard. Make the fireside
power of communicating thought, the of home a hallowed place, around which life current of the soul, is peculiar toshall cluster remembrances of noble and
man, a distinguishing gift, and endowearnest beginnings in favor of truth and ment, calculated to aid in securing for right.
himself and for others, the highest ends Let it be a green spot in the memory, of life. A cry or a note, awakening into which the heart may turn for repose stinct, passion or appetite, may proceed and new strength in the midst of life's from the lower order of beings. But it hot battles. 0, strive to make it a happy is the human voice alone, that presents home for the little ones beneath its roof. in articulate utterances to the ear, lifeMake them love it. Have it full of God's pictures, in all the shades and tints that bright sunshine and gladdening flowers. stimulate and sustain the love of beauty Young hearts rejoice in light and love. in the heart. Truthful even in its ideal, And prepare them day by day to mingle nothing short of that ideal is worthy of with the world.
Take that bright-eyed the name of speech. boy by the hand and tell him what the Next to truthfulness in the language future will expect of him. Let him hear of the lips is grace, and so essential is of the great world's phases, of its long- the latter to the successful conveyance ings and strifes, of its plans and its hopes, of the former, and the former so truly the its daring trials and terrible decisions, of crowning grace of the latter that toc its mighty ebbs and flows of thought and much pains cannot be taken to cherish feeling and courage. Let him know all and improve the union. this and his mind will be filled with high Full of desire that the utterance o and holy resolves which will tell in com. their own generations should go down to ing years. A child is easily influenced posterity in a rich, euphonious diapason to good or ill. Teach him, then, that in lexicographers of different ages have de goodness lies greatness, and as he kneels voted long years of patient effort to it: by his little bed and softly repeats “Our perfection. Father" hear him add "make me good
Shades and pages of Johnson, Walke and useful."
and Webster, do not refuse to stand by Make home happy with gentle tones or hover near the humblest of your co and loving smiles. Kind words cost you workers, toiling almost dubiously towarı nothing, yet where would the “light of the same end, in training juvenile voice home" shine out if they were wanting? to a more perfect conformity with you Be patient, and loving and forgiving if teachings, voices already so perverted a you would make home happy.
to call aloud on the teacher, first to poin out, and then devise the best means fo
C. E. A.
correcting the errors and corruptions of school." the pure English you have left us as an
I begin to be alarmed lest Sally's voluinheritance.
bility should surpass my memory, and But where shall I begin? I have no am glad to see that she has suspendsooner looked the subject in the face thaned long enough to take breath, and allow I discover that its "name is legion," and me to commence a brief critique. I seno one starting point can be gained. So lect from her remarks first the phrases remembering the direction that “What from the slang dictionary, such as your hand findeth to do, &c.,” I make up “shouldent wonder," "like all fury," "put my mind to do it at once. Here comes in,” &c., for "ben to work," I would the rosiest little girl of the morning, with say, been at work, for "be to our house," grace in her movement, and the flush of at our house, for "sence,” since, for beauty on her check, so pleasing to the "you'd orter,” you ought to, for "suneye, that with the addition of sweetness thin” something, and I would not supand purity to her language she would be
press the sound of r in first, little gem.
say to her, good morning, worth, nor the g in morning, and I would my dear Mary. "Good mawnin," is the le
“Good mawnin,” is the leave out the "as how," altogether. At return. It gives me pain to be so abrupt, last I hint to her that there is a general but I remember that I am a teacher, so I want of modest propriety in the whole suggest to her that she should say morn- communication, such as might be expecting, not “mawnin." "O, yessum, but I
ed rather from boys playing at marbles awluz forgits.” Always forget, Mary dear,
on the side-walks than from young ladies you mean, I suppose; and as to "yessum” at school, and giving her the same direcyes, ma'am is the proper word or rather tion as given to Mary, I betake myself to words, pronouncing the ma’am neither musing on the difficulty, and looking emphatically nor broadly but preserving over my observations on the past to asthe same sound of a as in the word mad- certain whether I can trace to any one am. Mary, you may go to your seat and prominent cause, the usual perversions write upon your slate a sentence contain- of our mother tongue. ing all the words which I have corrected
I call up an incident.
Several years for you, and bring them to me before the order bell rings. Occupying my mind ago, I taught a select school, in a beau
tiful village in New England, and without with reflecting upon the negligence of
contradiction, a village having high parents, and the too frequent indifference
claims to privileges for intellectual culof teachers, I wait for Mary to finish her
ture. Early one morning a splendid cartask. Now comes Sally, in her usual careless riage stopped at my door, and a lady
with her three daughters alighted. All attire and lounging gait and manner. I remark, you scem fatigued, Sally.
splendid things are more or less a wor"Shouldent wonder” answers Sally.
ship for me, I do not know as I can tell “I've ben to work like all fury sence i why. Whether I am especially fascinafust got up this mornių. You'd orto be
ted by external appearances, or whether to our house sometime and see how we
every one has a right to expect that in
ternal worth, should everywhere correscarry on. My mother says as how a girl is'nt woth a cent that can't put in to hard pond to outward display, I leave to be work and do sunthin before she goes to decided by better casuists than myself.