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Nor public Flame, nor private, dares to fine;
RIMARK S. well at the memory of the past overflow of dulness, when the barbarous learning of so many ages was wholly employed in corsupting the fimplicity, and defiling the purity of Religion, as at the view of these her false supports in the present; of which it would be endless to recount the particulars. However amidst the extin&tion of all other Lights, she is said only to withdraw hers; as hers alone in its own nature is unextinguishable and eternal.
VER, 650. And unawares Morality expires.] It appears from hence that our Poet was of very different sentiments from the Author of the Characteristics, who has written a formal treatise on Virtue, to prove it not only real but durable, without the support of Religion. The word unawares alludes to the confidence of those men, who suppose that Morality would flourish best without it, and consequently to the surprize such would be in (if any such there are) who indeed love Virtue, and yet do all they can to root out the Religion of their Country.
The End of the FOURTH Book.
By the AUTHOR A DECLARATION.
DHEHEN S certain Haberdashers of Points and Particles, being inftigated on the spirit af Pride, and Asuming to theinselves the naine of Critics and Re. storers, have taken upon them to adulterate the common and current sense of our Glorious Ancestors, Poets of this Realm, bp clipping, coining, defacing the images, miring their own base allan, 02 others wise falsifing the fame, which they publith, utter, and vend as genuine: The laid baberoalijers havs ing na right thereto, as neither heirs, erecutors, Administrators, assigns, oz in any fort related to such Poets, to all oz any of them: Now We, having Carefully revised this our Dunciad, a beginning with
a Read thus confidently, instead of “ beginning with the word " Books, and ending with the word flies," as formerly it stood i Read also, “containing the entire sum of one thousand, seven hun“ dred, and fifty fix verses," instead of "one thousand and twelve “ lines;” such being the initial and final words, and such the true and entire contents of this poem, Vol. VI.
the words The Mighty Mother, and ending with the wozds buries All, containing the entire sum of One thousand seven hundred and fifty-four verses, clare every word, figure, point, and comma of this impression to be authentic : And do therefore ftrictly enjoin and fozbid any person o2 persons whats foeber, to erase, reverse, put between hooks, oz bo any other means, directly ou indirectly, change o? mangle any of them. And we do hereby earneftlp erhout all our brethren to follow this our example, which we heartily with our great predecessors had heretofoze set, as a remedy and prevention of all such abuses. Provided always, that nothing in this Declaration shall be conftrued to limit the lawful and undoubted right of every subject of this Healm, to judge, censure, 02 condemn, in the whole oz i part, any poem oDoet whatfoever.
Given under our hand at London, this third day
of January, in the year of our Lord One thoufand, seven hundred, thirty and two.
Declarat' cor' me,
• Thou art to know, reader ! that the first Edition thereof, like that of Milton, was never seen by the Author (though living and not blind :) The Editor himself confess'd as much in his Preface: And no two poems were ever published in so arbitrary a manner. The Editor of this, had as boldly suppressed whole Passages, yea the entire laft book, as the Editor of Paradise loft, added and augmented. Milton himself gave but ten books, bis Editor twelve; this Author gave four books, his Editor only three, But we have happily done justice to both; and presume we shall live, in this our lait labour, as long as in any of our others, ΒΕΝΤΙ.
Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X.
P R E F A C E
Prefixed to the five firft imperfect Editions of the
DUNCIAD, in three books, printed at DUBLIN and London, in octavo and duodeci. mo, 1727
The PUBLISHER a to the R E ADER.
T will be found a true observation, tho' some
what surpriziag, that when any scandal is vented against a man of the highest distinction and cha
• The Publisher] Who he was is uncertain g but Edward Ward tells us, in his preface to Durgeň, “ that most judges are of opi“ nion this preface is not of English extraction, but Hibernian," &c. He means it was written by Dr. Swift, who, whether publisher or not, may be said in a furt to be author of the poem. For when he, together with Mr. Pope (for reasons specified in the preface to their Miscellanies) determined to own the most trifiing pieces in which they had any hand, and to destroy all that remained in their power; the first sketch of this poem was snatched from the fire by Dr. Swift, who persuaded his friend to proceed in it, and to him it was therefore inscribed. But the occafion of printing it was as follows: