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Some, deep Free-Masons, join the filent race
Worthy 'to fill Pythagoras's place:
Some Botanists, or Florists at the least,
Or issue Members of an Annual feast.
Nor past the meanest unregarded, one

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Rose a Gregorian, one a Gormogon.
The last, not least in honour or applause,
Isis and Cam made Doctors of her Laws.

Then, bleffing all, Go, Children of my care !
To Practice now from Theory repair.
All my commands are easy, short, and full:
My Sons! be proud, be selfish, and be dull,

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RIMAR K S. offices of civil life; and a heart too lumpish, narrow, and contracted for those of social, become fit for nothing: And so turn Wits and Critics, where sense and civility are neither required nor expected.

VER. 571. Some, deep Free-Masons, join the filent race] The Poet all along expresses a very particular concern for this filent Race: He has here provided, that in case they will not waken or open (as was before proposed) to a Humming-Bird or a Cockle, yet at worst they may be made Free-Masons; where

Taciturnity is the only essential Qualification, as it was the chief of the disciples, of Pythagoras.

VIR. 576. A Gregorian, one a Gormogon.] A sort of Lay. brothers, Slips from the Root of the Free-Masons. VER. 581.

All

my commands are easy, short, and full:

My Sons! be proud, be selfish, and be dull.] We should be unjust to the reign of Dulness not to confess that her's has one advantage in it rarely to be met with in Modern Governments, which is, that the public Education of her Youth fits and prepares them for the observance of her Laws, and

Guard my Prerogative, affert my Throne:
This Nod confirms each Privilege your own.
The Cap and Switch be sacred to his Grace; 585
With Staff and Pumps the Marquis leads the Race;

REM A R K Ş. the exertion of those Virtues she recommends. For what makes men prouder than the empty knowledge of Words; what more selfish than the Free thinker's System of Morals; or duller than the profession of true Virtuosofip? Nor are her Institutions less admirable in themselves, than in the fitness of these their several relations, to promote the harmony of the whole. For fhe tells her Sons, and with great truth, that “all her commands are

easy, mort, and full.For is any thing in nature more easy than the exertion of Pride; more port and simple than the principle of Selfishness; or more full and ample than the sphere of Dulness? Thus, Birth, Education, and wise Policy, all concurring to fupport the throne of our Goddess, great must be the strength thereof.

SCRIBL. Ver. 584. each rivilege your own, &c.] This speech of Dulness to her Sons at parting may possibly fall short of the Reader's expectation; who may imagine the Goddess might give them a Charge of more consequence, and, from such a Theory as is before delivered, incite them to the practice of something more extraordinary, than to personate Running Footmen, Joca keys, Stage Coachmen, &c.

But if it be well considered, that whatever inclination they might have to do mischief, her fons are generally rendered harm. less by their Inability ; and that it is the common effect of Dul. ness (even in her greatest efforts) to defeat her own design; the Poet, I am persuaded, will be justified, and it will be allowed that these worthy persons, in their several ranks, do as much as can be expected from them.

Ver. 585. The Cap and Switch &c.] The Goddess's political balance of favour, in the distribution of her rewards, deserves our notice. It consists in joining with those Honours claimed by birth and high place, others more adapted to the genius and

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From Stage to Stage the licens'd Earl may ran,
Pair'd with his Fellow-Charioteer the Sun ;
The learned Baron Butterflies design,
Or draw to filk Arachne's subtile line;

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The Judge to dance his brother Sergeant call;
The Senator at Cricket urge the Ball;
The Bishop stow (Pontific Luxury!)
An hundred Souls of Turkeys in a pye;
The sturdy Squire to Gallic masters stoop,

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And drown his Lands and Manors in a Soupe.
Others import yet nobler arts from France,
Teach Kings to fiddle, and make Senates dance.

REMARKS.

talents of the Candidates. And thus her great Fore-runner, John of Leiden, King of Munster, entered on his Government, by making his ancient friend and companion, Knipperdolling, General of his Horse and Hangman. And had but Fortune fecónđed his great fchemes of Reformation, it is said, he would have established his whole Houshold on the same reasonable footing

SCRIBL. VER. 590. Arachne's subtile line;] This is one of the most ingenious employments assigned, and therefore recommended only to Peers of Learning. Of weaving Stockings of the Webs of Spiders, see the Phil. Trans.

Ver. 591. The Judge to dance his brother Sergeant call;) Alluding perhaps to that ancient and solemn Dance, intitled A Call of Sergeants.

Ver. 598. Teach Kings to fiddle] An ancient amusement of Sovereign Princes, (viz.) Achilles, Alexander, Nero; though despised by Themistocles, who was a Republican.- Make Senates dance, either after their Prince, or to Pontoise, or Siberia.

Proud to my

Perhaps more high fome daring son may foar,

lift to add one Monarch more: 600 And nobly conscious, Princes are but things Born for First Ministers, as Slaves for Kings, Tyrant supreme! fhall three Estates command And MAKE ONE Mighty DUNCIAD OF THE LAND!

More she had spoke, but yawn'd--All Nature nods: What Mortal can resist the Yawn of Gods ? 606 Churches and Chapels inftantly it reachd ; (St. James's first, for leaden G- preach'd)

REMARK S. Ver. 606. What Mortal can refif the Pawn of Gods?] This verse is truly Homerical; as is the conclusion of the Action, where the great Mother composes all, in the same manner as Minerva at the period of the Odyssey.-It may indeed seem a very singular Epitasis of a Poem, to end as this does, with a Great Yawn; but we must consider it as the lawn of a God, and of powerful effects. It is not out of Nature, moft long and grave counsels concluding in this very manner: Nor without Authority, the incomparable Spencer having ended one of the most considerable of his works with a Roar; but then it is the Roar of a Lion, the effects whereof are described as the Catafrophe of the Poem.

VER. 607 Churches and Chapels, &c.] The Progress of this Yawn is judicious, natural, and worthy to be noted. First it seizeth the Churches and Chapels; then catcheth the Schools, where, tho' the boys be unwilling to Neep, the Masters are not: Next Westminster-ball, much more hard indeed to subdue, and not totally put to silence éven by the Goddess : Then the Convocation, which tho' extremely desirous to speak, yet cannot: Even the House of Commons, justly called the Sense of the Nation, is loft (that is to fay suspended) during the Yawn (far be it from our Author to fuggeft it could be lost any longer!) but it spreadeth at large over all the rest of the Kingdom, to

Then catch'd the Schools; the Hall scarce kept

awake; The Convocation gap'd, but could not speak: 610 Loft was the Nation's Sense, nor could be found, While the long folemn Unison went round: Wide, and more wide, it spread o'er all the realm; Ey’n Palinurus nodded at the Helm : The Vapour mild o'er each Committee crept ; 615 Unfinish'd Treaties in each Office slept ; And Chiefless Armies doz’d out the Campaign ; And Navies yawn'd for Orders on the Main.

REM A R X 8.

such a degree, that Palinurus himself (though as incapable of seeping as Jupiter) yet noddeth for a moment: the effeat of which, though ver so momentary, could not but cause some Relaxation, for the time, in all public affairs. SCRIEL,

VIR. 610. The Convocation gap’d, but could not speak:] Implying a great desire so to do, as the learned Scholiaft on the place rightly observes. Therefore, beware Reader, left thou take this Gape for a Yawn, which is attended with no desire but to go to reft: by no means the disposition of the Convocation; whose melancholy case in short is this: She was, as is reported, infected with the general influence of the Goddess; and while the was yawning carelessly at her ease, a wanton Courtier took her at advantage, and in the very nick clap'd a Gag into her chops. Well therefore may we know her meaning by her gaping; and this distressful posture our poet here describes, just as the stands at this day, a sad example of the effects of Dulness and Malice unchecked and despised.

Bent. VER. 615, 618.] These Verses were written many years ago, and may be found in the State Poems of that time. So that Scriblerus is mistaken, or whoever else have imagined this Poem of a fresher date,

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