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MEMOIR OF THE RIGHT HON, ROBERT GROSVENOR, EARL GROSVENOR.
Nobilitatis, virtus, non stemma, character. IN this brief Memoir we have the the 23rd day of February, 1621-2. His satisfaction of presenting our Readers son, Sir Richard Grosvenor, the second with some account of a British Noble- Baronet, was a faithful adherent of King man, no less distinguished by his. ami- Charles I., and suffered the sequestraable, virtuous, and liberal character, tion of his estate for his fidelity to the than by his princely possessions and il- royal cause. On Eccleston-hill, near lustrious descent.
Eaton, a seat was lately remaining, on The noble family, of which he is the which, according to tradition, he used head, is descended in the male line from to indulge in the melancholy pleasure of a long train of famous ancestors, who gazing on the fạir; possessions of which flourished in Normandy with great dig- he had been unjustly deprived. The nity and grandeur, from the time of its fourth Baronet, Sir Richard Grosvenor, first erection into a sovereign Dukedom, officiated as Grand Cup-bearer of EngA. D. 912, to the conquest of England land at the Coronation of George II.; in 1066. They possessed the honourable as did Sir Richard, the seventh Baronet, and powerful office of Groveneur ;* at that of George III., as lords of the and from that place of high trust they manor of Great Wymondley in Herts. took their surname. The family is tra- The last-named Sir Richard was created ced to an uncle of Rollo, the ancestor Lord Grosvenor, Baron Grosvenor of of William duke of Normandy, under Eaton, by letters patent dated April 8, whose standard Gilbert Le Grosvenor 1761. He married Henrietta, daughter served in his victorious expedition into of Henry Vernon of Hilton in the counEngland. The earldom and county of ty of Stafford, esq. by whom he had Chester being granted to the Norman issue the present Earl, and three other Earl Hugh of Avranches, nephew to children." On the 5th day of July, 1784, King William and uncle to Gilbert he was advanced to the dignities of VisLe Grosvenor, the latter obtained the count Belgrave and Earl Grosvenor. inoiety of the lordship of Lostock, The late Earl Grosvenor, although called Over Lostock, in that county. calumniated by some scurrilous writers The pedigree of this ancient family has whose venal pens he disdained to bribe, been preserved with peculiar clearness, was one of the most honourable, benefrom the circumstance of a celebrated he- volent, and accomplished, gentlemen of raldic suit, which was contested before his time. But his passion for the sports the High Constable and High Marshal of of the turf was indulged to excess, England and other commissioners in the and was rendered, perhaps, the more 121h year of Richard II., between Sir injurious to his fortune, by the unbleRobert Le Grosvenor and Sir Richard mished honour and integrity which Le Scrope, on the subject of a coat of he preserved in the transactions to arms, viz. Azure, one Bend, Or; the re- which it gave rise. His public conduct sult of which was a decree that the was no less irreproachable. In early Grosvenors should in future bear, in- life he was attached to the politics of stead of the Bend, a Garb, Or; which Lord North ; but when that Statesman arms have ever since been borne by this proved obstinate in his determination of family.
continuing the American War, with Richard Grosvenor of Eaton was cre- little reasonable prospect of success, ated the first Baronet of this family on Lord Grosvenor ceased to support his
measures. He did not, however, join • 'Le Groveneur was the Grand Huntsman, the opposite party, but retired wholly an office of great dignity in the forest system from public affairs. Toward the end of those times.
of his life, the immense resources which New MONTHLY MAG.-No. 78. Vol. XIV.
he possessed were rapidly effecting the respect to the influencé which paternal restoration of his finances, which had anxiety expectéd him to possess.' suffered from the enormous expense of Lord Belgraye entered early into pubhis racing-establishments." Upon his fic life, under the auspices of Mr. Pitt, Lordship's death on August 5, 1802, who was well acquainted with his tahis only son, the present Earl, then lents, and desirous to avail himself of his Viscount Belgrave, succeeded to his parliamentary support. He sat first'as title.'
member for East Looe, and afterwards This nobleman was born on the 22d for the city of Chester. When he first day of March, 1767. Though early de- spoke in the House of Commons, an inprived of the advantages of a mother's effectual and unfair attempt was made to care, 'he was reared with an affecțion not disconcert him, by ridiculing a Greek inferior to maternal by the virtuous and quotation which he introduced with venerable Lady Jane Grosvenor, his pa- great propriety. But his Lordship was ternal grandmother, and her daughter, not then aware that, in that grave asseniTo them he is indebted for the early in- bly, an English jest or sarcasm is always fusion of serious and religious principles an overmatch for a Greek sentiment, which have been through life the un- In 1789 his Lordship became one of erring guides of his conduct; and their the Lords of the Admiralty, which office memory is cherished by his Lordship he held till June 1791. Two years among his dearest attachments.
afterwards he was made one of the He commenced his public education Commissioners for India affairs.' The at Harrow School, and completed it at only public situation which he now Trinity College, Cambridge, where, un- holds is that of Lord Lieutenant of der the instructions of the learned Pro- Flintshire. fessor Hailstone, he became proficient when the French revolutionary go. in the numerous attainments requisite vernment, intoxicated with Continental for a brilliant career in the elevated re- victories, threatened the invasion of this gion in which he was destined to move. country, Lord Belgrave was one of the On his leaving college, it became the foremost of those patriots who displayed anxious wish of his father that he should so gallantly the formidable power with add to the knowledge derived from lite- which an invading enemy would have rary sources, a familiar acquaintance had to contend. A strong and well-diswith foreign manners and institutions. ciplined regiment was raised, chiefly by He was well aware of the dangers and his active exertions, in the united patemptations to which the morals of rishes of St. Margaret and St. John the youth must necessarily be exposed in Evangelist, Westminster, in which his making the tour of Europe, whether en- Lordship then resided.' This corps he tirely free from restraint, or under the commanded for several years, during nominal controul of a hireling, whose which its discipline, attention, and principal care is usually to gratify every strength were conspicuous; but from wish of his charge. His Lordship knew ill health he at length determined to the inefficacy of such arrangements, and abstain from active exertion, and the preferred entrusting the conduct of his bustle of public life. He therefore reson to his own discretion, aided by the signed the command of this corps, to legitimate influence of an elder friend the great regret of the members; and of eminent talents, experience, and inden for several years indulged in domestic pendent principles. Mr. Gifford, who retirement. had long enjoyed the Earl's friendship His Lordship's political sentiments and confidence, was selected for this de induced him originally to support the licate charge, which his regard for the measures of Mr. Pitt; and although he father, and his knowledge of the amiable has at a subsequent period been found and unsophisticated character of the son, among those who oppose the policy induced him to accept with pleasure. founded on that great statesman's prin
Accordingly Lord Belgrave and Mr. ciples, the manner and spirit of opposiGifford visited together every part of tion is in him conciliating and becomEurope, during a peregrination of seve- ing-it bears the character of disinterestral years; in which his Lordship was edness and sincerity. Although we every where caressed and admired; while cannot ascribe to his political views the the regularity and propriety of his con- comprehensiveness, which the circumduct, amidst all the temptations of Con- stances of this country have required, tinental dissipation, exempted his elder and still demand, we admire his steady companion from every solicitude with and consistent regard for public econo
my, as well as the motives of his zealous rienced a severe shock of domestic misendeavours to secure the performance fortune in the loss of their only daughof religious duties, and the due observ- ter, Lady Mary, who had attained the age ance of the sabbath His Lordship is of twelve years, and whose amiable and one of the few who are entitled to insist affectionate disposition had greatly en, on these points, since not only is his deared her to all who knew her. own piety exemplary, but it is evinced Eaton Hall, the recently erected and by acts of benerolence which prove it beautiful family mansion of his Lordthe genuine offspring of Christianity. ship, is situated about three miles to
In 1795 his Lordship was married to the south of Chester, on the edge of an Eleanor Egerton, only child of Sir Tho- extensive park, abounding with large mas Egerton, afterwards Lord Grey and venerable timber. It is of the cade Wilton, descended from the an. thedral Gothic style of architecture of the cient and honourable house of Malpas, time of Edward III., and stands on the one of the baronies of the palatinate of site of the old mansion, a square brick Chester founded at the Conquest, which fabric, erected by Sir Thomas Grosveproduced the Earls of Cholmondeley, nor in the reign of King William III. and the Dukes and Earls of Bridge- In this magnificent building, of which water. Perhaps there never was an the interior, and even the furniture, are union in the higher circles which was executed in a corresponding style, Mr. more generally approved than that of the Porden the architect has been eminently Earl and Countess; nor one in which successful in adapting the rich variety of the universal anticipation of conjugal our ancient ecclesiastical architecture to happiness, founded on the excellent and modern domestic convenience. Under cougenial dispositions of the parties, has his directions been more completely justified by the
“the mansion rose result. The assiduous care of the Coun In ancient English grandeur; turrets, spires, tess in educating her children, in instill
And windows, climbing high from base to roof ing virtuous and pious sentiments into
In wide and radiant rows, bespoke its birth '
Coeval with those rich cathedral fanes their tender minds, and preserving them
(Gothic ill-named) where harmony results from every tincture of pride and bigotry, From disunited parts, and shapes minute, has been a source of pure and rational At once distinct and blended, bold delight to herself, and entitles her to the One vast majestic whole." praise of a most exemplary mother.
Mason's English Garden. Those tender cares have found their in. The arms of no less than seventeen estimable reward in the excellent cha- heiresses, who in the course of its long acters of her Ladyship's children. The descent of ancestry have intermarried eldest son, Richard Viscount Belgrave, into this noble house, are introduced the heir apparent of his father's title, with great propriety in various parts of was born in 1795, and was married in the edifice, combined with those of 1819 to the Right Honourable Lady Grosvenor and Wilton. Elizabeth Mary Leveson Gower, daugh His Lordship's magnificent gallery of ter of the Marquis of Stafford*.
pictures at Grosvenor House is one of The Honourable Thomas Grosvenor, the most valuable, pure, and diversified the second son, who lately succeeded, on collections in the possession of any indithe death of his maternal grandfather, to vidual, and exhibits exquisite specimens the earldom of Wilton, is now on his of the works of the greatest old and motravels in Italy. The Honourable Ro- dern masters of the Foreign and British bert Grosvenor, the third son, is a pro- Schools. The basis of this collection mising young man, now (we believe) at was laid by the late Earl Grosvenor, college. The illustrious parents expe- who with great judgment selected some
of the best pictures formerly in the pos* The following lines on this auspicious session of Lord Waldegrave and Sir marriage, are extracted from a beautiful ode, Luke Schaub: to which he added some unpublished, by the fair authoress of The very fine works, purchased for him in Veils, or the Triumphs of Constancy. Italy, by Mr. Dalton, then keeper of " Yet can the muse of Heaven intreat his Majesty's pictures. It is, however,
For you, blest pair, one blessing more? still more, creditable to his Lordship's Of worth, of love, of wealth or state,
liberality and discrimination, that he His Heaven one richer gemi in store?
discovered and patronized the rising taOn you unchequr pleasures wait,
lent, of the English School; and seYour up of joy is brimming o'er; Oh! may its sweets for ever flow
lected some of the best productions As brightly as they: sparkle now !"
of West, Gainsborough, Wilson, and
lended boldly form
Stubbs, which confer additional splen- lery is liberally opened to the view of dour on (this collection, But the taste the professors and admirers of painting". and judgment of the present Earl have It evinces the exalted taste of the illusadded the most valuable pieces to the trious proprietor, to whom, and to paGrosvenor gallery, particularly by the trons like him, British artists look purchase, a few years ago, of the pic-up confidently for that discriminating tures of the late Mr. Agar, which con- encouragement which alone can enable tained, among other inestimable trea- them to emulate the glory of ancient art. sures, eleven fine pictures by Claude. The vast revenue of Earl Grosvenor is After the death of Mr. Agar, it was de- chiefly derived from his extensive lands termined to bring the whole of his col in Cheshire, his mines in Flintshire and lection to public sale: and the disposal Denbighshire, and a large estate in ons of it was confided to an agent, not less of the most valuable parts of the world, distinguished for his fine taste and judge the western division of the English me i ment, than for his honourable zeal in tropolis. Formerly the lessees of the promoting the interests of those who London property easily obtained renewals consign property to his care. A consi- of the leases granted to the builders derable sensation was produced by the upon payment of small fines. But the announcement of the sale. The pictures present Earl, while he permits the re-i had already been removed to Pall Mall; newal of the leases, is careful to reserve and notices of the intended auction hav- a due increase of rent; thus adding to ing been transmitted to every part of the his income and that of his successors. Continent, many persons willing to be- Wealth in such hands is a blessing to come purchasers had arrived, but only the community, as it will ever be rein time to learn that the entire collec- garded as a trust for the reward of virtue, tion was destined to add to the magnifi- merit, and industry, and the support of cence of Grosvenor House. This gal- religion and social order.
t i rer Onth 13011
THE CORONATION. THE general interest with which this from his royal forefathers or by the important national solemnity is antici. pope's consecration, but that he held, pated, will probably ensure the favour- it as a gift which, to quote his own able reception of a few remarks on the words, « Deus et principes cum senioribus, origin and nature of its constituent populi misericorditer ac benigne dederunt, ceremonies, and the most remarkable It sufficiently appears, as well from, customs observed in its celebration... the mode in which the crown was con- )
As to the Recognition, it will be ferred on William I. and his confirma-, recollected," that among the Anglo- tion of the Confessor's laws, as from Saxons the principle of lineal hereditary the testimonies about to be cited, descent was not always adhered to, that at the coming in of the Normans. but was regulated by popular election. the right of national election was nei
At a great national assembly or gene- ther lost nor discontinued : and we are ral council held at Calcuith in the year surprised at finding a too common error 785, it was declared that kings are law- repeated by Mr. Turner in his learned fully to be BLECTED by the clergy and History of the Anglo-Saxons, that “the elders of the nations.
Norman conquest terminated the power The following testimony is from the of the Witenagemote, and changed the venerable Bede, and it receives additional crown from an elective to an hereditary weight from having been translated into' succession." Such an assertion can only English by the greatest of our kings be reconciled with historical fact by by ÆLFRED: Nemo seipsum poterit re- giving it a very limited interpretation. gem constituere; quin populus libertatem That the pretensions of hereditary deeligendi regem,quem voluerit, sorlitur : sed scent were not, after the Conquest, so postquam in regem inauguratus fuerit, tunc' frequently past by in the exercise of the imperium in populum rex habet." . 'In the elective right, we must readily admit; Wilk of king Ælfred is a clause which but that'any so great and general change shows that he did not consider his was then effected, we'shall not be discrown las conferred either by inheritance posed to acknowledge. bulgtre 11 01091 birl l lL
* A catalogue with etchings of the whole collection has lately been published by Mr. Young, keeper of the British Institution, by permission of the noble proprietor, accom-1. anied by historical notices of the principal works.
The speech of the archbishop at the electe, chosen, and required by all th nomination of King John to succeed thre estatez of this lande to take uppon to his brother's throne is remarkably in hym the seid coroune and royall dig, character with the authorities of earlier mee. Wheruppon ye shall underdate. It is well known to you all stande that this daye is prefixed and pa that no man hath right of succession to poynted by all the pyers of this lande this crown, except that by unanimous for the consecration, enunction, and consent of the kingdom, with invoca-' coronacion of the seid mooste excellent tion of the Holy Ghost, he be elected prince Henry, Woh ye serve at this for his own deserts."
tyme and geve your wills and assents to Even the law books of our Norman the same consecracion, enunction, and jurists, which have nearly thc reverence coronacion? Wherunto the people shall of oracles amongst us, proclaim the cus- say with a grete voyce Ye, ye, ye; so be toin' of the nation in electing its king. it: Kyng Henry, Kyng Henry." ne The Mirrour says of the early English, The Coronation Oath has undergone “ eslierent de eur un roy à reigner sit many changes. The first on record is mar," and that being elected, they did that of Æthelred II, who was crowned limit him by oaths and laws. If in the year 978: this curious relique is Bracton or íf Fleta may be judges of preserved in the Latin ritual used at the this question, they will tell us that in tinie, and in a contemporary English, their times our kmġ was elective ; ‘Non version : the latter also contains, ani a regnardo dicitur, sed, a tene regendo, et admirable exhortation to the sovereign ) ad lioc electus, est :' and again, "ad hoc on the duties of his office, and on his autem creatus Tex et electus, ut justitiam responsibility as the pastor of his people, i faciut universis.'»
From Edward II to Henry VIII, the The present form of the Recognition sovereigo swore to grant and keep the is as follows; the Archbishop of Can- laws, customs, and liberties, granted terbury addressing the assembly on the to the clergy and people by Edward four sides of the theatre successively, the Confessor. In the Coronation says, “ Sirs, I here present, unto you Oaths of the Stuarts, several important King- the rightful inheritor of the innovations were made, which gave Crown of this realm: wherefore, all rise to much controversy. At the Real ye that are come this day to do your volution a new form was settled by homage, service, and bounden duty, are Parliament, in, which some changes ye willing to do the same?” .
have since been made by the samea This form of address does not occur authority, agreeably to alterations in the in any of the rituals or accounts of state of the Kingdom. As this oath is Coronations prior to that of Charles II a necessary and most important constiby Ashmole; nor was the term recog- tutionul act; it might be interesting ton nition ever before applied to this part inquire into the actual relation between of the ceremony. “It appears singularly the King and his subjects, previously inapplicable.' But the various addresses to his Coronation. Lim of the Archbishops on the several T he ceremonies of unction and coroCoronations of Henry I, Richard II, , nation are of Jewish origin, and were : the Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Henries, introduced by Christianity into the and Edward VI, all' require the assent different European nations. Charles of the people to the Coronation of the magne was the first of the Western monarch.
kings, and Æthelstan the first English The following was the prescribed form monarch crowned. The use of the in the reigns of HENRY VII. and Henry sceptre is much more antient. InVIIT. * This done, the cardynall as Homer, we read of oxNatoxow Bådeñess archbishop of Caunterbury, shewing the sceptered kings, but none care men .. king to the people at the iij. parties of tioned as crowned. 1997. 3 masy the seid pulpyt, shall seye in this wyse. The Chair on which our kings sit to y Sirs [I]here present Henry rightfull and receive the crown is principally remarkundoubted enheritour by the lawes of able for its marble seat, which hath agus God and man to the coroune and royall quired no trivial fame froin the pens of/ dignitie of Englande, with all things old historians. Their legends informa-usta therunto annexed and apperteynyng; that this is the very stone on which their
patriarch Jacob laid his head in the plain See Mo. Taylor's lcárnied 'work, “ The Luz; that it was brought from tgp Glory of Regality, idrom which this article into Spain by Gathelus the supposed Y is chiefly selected.
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