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MILITARY POSTS AND CAMPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES-Continued
San Francisco, Calif. Miller Fleld.
Rosebank, Staten Island, N. Y Mission Air Corps Facility
Mission, Texas Mississippi Ordnance Works
Flora, Miss Missoula, Fort.
Missoula, Mont. Mitchel Field..
Hempstead, L. I., N. Y. Mottet Field
Motlet Field, Calif. Mojave Antlaircraft Range
Barstow, Calif.. Monmouth, Fort.
Red Bank, N. J. Monroe, Fort.
Fort Monroe, Va Morgantown Ordnance Works
Morgantown, W. Va Morrison Field..
West Palm Beach, Fla Mott, Fort.
Salem, N. J.. Moultrle Air Corps Facility
Moultrie, Ga. Moultrie, Fort.
Moultrieville, SC Muroc Lake Air Corps Facility
March Field, Calil. Murray, Camp..
Tacoma, Wash. Myer, Fort.
Fort Myer, Va, Nansemond Ordnance Depot
Newark, N. J...
New Orleans, La,
New Orleans, La New River Ordnance Plant
Pulaski, Va. New York Port of Embarkation
Brooklyn, N. Y Niagara Falls Plant, C. W. S.
Niagara Falls, N. Y Niagara, Fort
Youngstown, N. Y Normoyle Quartermaster Depot San Antonio, Texas Oakland Municipal Airport
Oakland, Calit Offutt Field.
Fort Crook, Nebr. Ogden Ordnance Depot.
Ogden, Utah Oglethorpe, Fort
Fort Oglethorpe, Ga Ohio River Ordnance Plant
Henderson, Ky. Oklahoma City Air Depot.
Oklahoma City, Okla. Olmsted Fleld..
Middletown, Pa. Omaha, Fort
Omaha, Nebr Omaha Quartermaster Depot
22d and Hickory Sts., Omaha, Nebr. Ontario Air Corps Facility
Ontario, Calif. Ontario, Fort.
Fort Ontario, N. Y Ord, Fort
Fort Ord, Calif. O'Reilly General Hospital
Springfield, Mo. Orlando Air Base.
Orlando, Fla. Owens Field
Columbia, 8. C. Oxnard Air Corps Facility.
Oxnard, Calir Paine Field
Everett, Wash Palo Alto Airport
King City, Calir Parks Airport
East St. Louis, III. Parks Airport, Harvey
Sikeston, Mo. Patterson Field.
Fairfield, Ohio Pearson Field.
Vancouver, Wash. Pendleton Field
Virginia Beach, Va
Wissahickon and Abbottsford Aves, Philadelphia, Pa
Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. Picatinny Arsenal..
Dover. N. J Pickens, Fort
Fort Barrancas, Fla New Orleans Port of Embarkation New Orleans, La Perry, Camp.
La Carne, Ohlo. Pine Camp
Pine Camp. N. Y Pittsburgh-Alleghany County Air Base Dravosburg, Pa Plattsburg Barracks
Plattsburgh, N. Y Plum Brook Ordnance Works.
Sandusky, Ohio. Polk, Camp
Camp Polk, La Pope Fleld
Fort Bragg, N. C. Port Columbus
Columbus, Ohio. Portland Army Air Base
South Portland, Oreg Post Field
Fort Sill, Okla Preble, Fort
Portland, Me Presidio of Monterey
Presidio of Monterey, Calif Presidio of San Francisco
Prey. Sta., San Francisco, Calif Radford Ordnance Works
Radford. Va Randolph Field
Randolph Field, Tex Raritan Arsenal
Metuchen, NJ. Ravenna Ordnance Plant
Fort Reno, via El Reno, Okla
Fort Riley, Kans. Ringgold, Fort
Rio Grande City, Texas Roberts, Camp.
Camp Roberts, Calli. Robbins Field..
Jackson, Miss Robinson, Camp Joseph T
Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Ark Robinson, Fort...
Fort Robinson, Nebr. Robinson Quarterm. Depot (Remount) Fort Robinson, Nebr. Rock Island Arsenal
Rock Island, Ill Rodman, Fort
New Bedford, Mass Rogers Field. WII
Oklahoma City, Okla. Roosevelt Field, No. 1
Mineola, L. I. N. Y Rosecrans, Fort
Fort Rosecrans, Callt. Roswell Air Corps Facility
Roswell, N. Mex. Ruckman, Fort.
Winthrop Station, Boston, MASA Russell. Fort D. A.
Marta, Texas. Sacramento Air Depot
McClellan Field, Calif.
MILITARY POSTS AND CAMPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES-Continued
Approx. Post or Camp
Post Office Address
Stgth, St. Louis Medical Depot.
St. Louis, Mo. St. Louis Plant, C.W. S.
Monsanto (E. St. Louis), n. Salidas Air Corps Facility
Salinas, Calif. Salt Lake Airdrome Lease
Salt Lake City, Utah San Antonio Air Depot.
San Antonio, Texas San Antonio Arsenal
San Antonio, Texas San Antonio General Depot
Fort Sam Houston, Texas San Antonio Ordnance Depot.
San Antonio, Texas. San Francisco Port ol Embarkation,
1,800 San Jacinto, Fort..
18,000 Saulsbury, Fort.
Suult Sainte Marle, Mich
1,200 Savannah Air Base Savannah, Ga..
4,500 Savannah Medical Depot
Schenectady, N. Y
7.300 Scott, Fort Winfeld Fort Winfeld Scott, Calil
1.400 Screven, Fort Fort Sereven, Ga.
1,100 Seattle Quartermaster Depot.
312 Federal Office Bldg., 1st Ave. and Madison St.,
Seattle Wash Sebring Air Corps Facility
Sebring, Fla. Seeley, Camp Imperial, Calir
1,400 Selfridge Field Mount Clemens, Mick
5,200 Sene Ordnance Depo
Kendaia, New York Shamokin General Depot
Sumter, S. C.
50,000 Sheppard Field.
Wichita Falls, Texas
7,400 Sherman Field
Fort Leavenworth, Kang. Sherman Air Corps Facility
Paso Robles, Callt
1,000 Sul, Fort Fort Sill, Okla
23.000 Simms, Camp
Congress Heights. D. C.
1.200 Snelling. Fort Fort Snelling. Minn
2,900 Souther Field
Americus, Ga Southwestern Proving Ground
Hope, Ark Springfield Armory
Springfield, Mass. Standish, Fort
Boston, Mass Stanley, Camp
San Antonio, Texas Stark, Fort
Portsmouth, N, H
Charleston, S. C.
1.800 Stewart, Camp. Camp Stewart, Ga.
14.000 Stewart Field
West Point, NY..
3,700 Stout Field Airport
R. R. No. 3, Indianapolis, Ind Strong. Fort.
Boston, Mass Sumter, Fort
Key West, Fla
1,300 Texarkana Ordnance Depot
New Boston, Texas
1,500 Thunderbird Airport
1.100 Tilton General Hospital
Fort Dix, NJ Toledo Medical Supply Depot
Toledo, Ohio Tonopah Range.
1,900 Townsend, Fort
Port Townsend, Wash
2.800 Tulare A. C. Facility
Tulare, Calil Tulsa Municipal Airport
Tulsa, Okla Turner Field Albany, Ga
2.000 Tuscaloosa Municipal Airport
Tuscaloosa, Ala. Tuskegee A. C. Facility
Tuskegee, Ala Twin Cities Ordnance Plant
Minneapolis, Minn Tyndall Field
Panama City, Fla Tyson, Camp.
1.700 Upton, Camp Yaphank, L. I., X Y
3.000 Utah General Depot
Ogden, Utah Utah Ordnance Plant.
Salt Lake City, Utah Valdosta A. C. Facility
Valdosta, Ga. Vancouver Barracks Vancouver, Wash
1,100 Victoria A. C. Facility Victoria, Texas
1.700 Victorville A. C. Facility
Victorville, Calir Volunteer Ordnance Works.
Chattanooga, Teun Waco A. C. Facility
Rosebank, Staten Island, NY
18.100 Warren, Fort,
12.00 Washington Quartermaster Depot Washington, DC Watertown Arsenal
Watertown, Masy. Watervliet Arsenal
MILITARY POSTS AND CAMPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES—Continued
Approx. Post or Camp
Post Office Address
Stgth. Wayne, Fort.
Army Post, Detroit, Mich.
Army Post, Detroit, Mich,
3.000 Wetherill, Fort.
Jamestown, R. I
18.000 Willams, Fort Cape Cottage, Me.
1,300 Windsor Locks Army Air Base
Windsor Locks, Conn. Wingate Ordance Depot.
Gallup. N. Mex.
Cape Charles, V&
18,600 Wood, Fort..
Fort Wood, NY
33,000 Woodward Alrport.
Camden, S. C.
Fort Monroe, Va
2.600 Wright, Fort George Fort George Wright, Wash
1,000 Wright, Fort H. G. Fishers Island, N. Y
1,600 Wright Field
Dayton, Ohio. Yukon A. C. Facility
Yukon, Okla Zanesville Plant, C. W. S.
Banaby-Cheney Engr. Corps, Columbus, Ohio.
REPLACEMENT TRAINING CENTERS Aberdeen Proving Ground (Ord)
Camp Lee (Med & QM) Camp Barkeley (Med)
Maxwell Field (Air Corps (Aircrew) Fort Belvoir (Engr)
Moffett Field (Air Corps (Aircrew) Fort Bragg (FA)
Fort Monmouth (Sig) Camp Callan (CA)
Fort Riley (Cav). Camp Croft (Inf)
Camp Roberts (FA & Inf) Edgewood Arsenal (C. W. S.)
Sheppard Field (Air Corps (Tech) Ellington Field (Air Corps (Aircrew)
Fort Sill (FA) Fort Eustis (CA)
Camp Wallace (CA) Camp Grant (Med)
Fort F. E. Warren (QM) Jefferson Barracks (Air Corps (Tech)
Camp Wheeler (Inf) Kessler Field (Air Corps (Tech)
Camp Wolters (Inf) Kelly Field (Air Corps (Aircrew)
Fort Leonard Wood (Engr)
Presidio of Monterey
Camp Joseph T. Robinson
New Cumberland General Depot Camp Wolter Fort Benjamin Harrison
New Orleans, La.
Oklahoma City, Okla. Decatur.. Decatur, II.
Panama City, Fla.
Poponesset (D. U.) Poponesset Beach, Miss.
Raleigh, N. C.
St. Augustine, Fla.
St. Louis, Mo.
Santa Monica, Calll. Lake Charles. Lake Charles, La.
Savannah, Ga. Lake of the Ozarks. Lake of the Ozarks, Mo. Washington, (Actual site not yet Arlington, Va.
Washington, D. C.
Anacostla Park Washington, D. C. Manhattan Beach. Manhattan Beach, Fla. Yorktown Beach (D. U.). Yorktown Beach, Vå.
(D. U.-day used).
The Chicago Quartermaster Depot is the chief are to feed, clothe, house and transport the Army. pantry of the United States Army, shopping for In Chicago and in eight other original depots in a family of
approximately 1,500,000 and spending each Army Corps the Q. M. C. handles all supplies more than $5,000,000 a month for victuals. The common to two or more branches of the service. Depot buys 2,000,000 pounds of fresh, frozen beef Although its chief task is the procurement of food, every week and places an order or 20,000,000 the cago depot also buys all the coal and coke pounds of flour four times each year. It was in used by the Army, most of the beds and cots and the market (Oct., 1941) for 35.368.000 cans of about 2,100 other items ranging from mothballs tomatoes, 25,000,000 cans of corn, 22,131.600 cans to snowshoes. of peas and 5,444,400 cans of spinach.
The Chicago depot keeps fires going under three Supplies piled up at this depot are delivered to large roasters capable of turning out 1,000 pounds military posts throughout the country. Its loading of coffee every 20 minutes. The depot buys its platforms, all under one roof, can accommodate 72 coffee green and sees to it that 1.000.000 pounds freight cars a day and 50 motor trucks at one time. are on hand at all times, so that the beans can
The principal duties of the Quartermaster Corps be roasted just before shipment.
Nov. ii: }
Army of the United States
Source: Office of the Adjutant General
Reg'ar Nat'l Resy.
Army Guard Forces
Grand June 30— total Total Total Total June 30— total Total Total Total 1890. 136,624 27,089 109,535
931,422 836,882 37,210 57.330 .1895 140,051 27,172 112,879
363,540 200.367 56,090 107,083 1900 223,366 68.155 122,213 32,998 ||1925
406,162 134,624 177,525 94,013 1905 178, 2691 66,956 111,313
426,825 137,472 182,715 106,638 1910. 200,378 80.718 119,660
440,788 137,960 185.915 116,913 1915. 235,410 105,993 129,398
474,353 166,114| 189, 1731 119,066 1916. 244,483 107.641 132,194 4,648 || 1937
484,620 178,101 192,161 114,358 1917 629,863 250,357 314,581 64.925 1938.
496,810 183,447 197,188 116.175 1918. 2,246,103 741,084 445,678 1,059,341||1939.
507,150 187,886 199,491
625,516 264,035 241,612 119,869 13,673,888/3,673.888
1,522,926 506,815 285,027 731,084 The figures for Reserve forces include 606,915 selectees.
of the Regular Army, June 30, 1941, enlisted men numbered 491,790; officers, 15,025; of the National Guard in Federal Service, enlisted men totaled 262,722; officers, 21,274; National Guard 'not yet inducted, 1,031; of the Reserve forces (both active and inactive) officers were 122,020; en sted men, 2,149. The Selectees totaled 606,915 enlisted men..
The officers of the Regular Army (June 30, 1941) were commissioned, 14,294; warrant, 731. Figures for the Regular Army show the actual strength, exclusive of cadets and retired personnel
The actual strength of the Regular Army, the National Guard in Federal Service, Selectees, and Reserves on active duty on Sept. 30, 1941, the latest date for which returns are available, was as follows: Com - War- En
Com- War- EnComponents mis. rant listed Total Components mis. rant listed Total officers officers men
officers officers men Regular Army 14,477 733 511,798 527,008 Unassigned.
44,794 Nat I Guard 20,548 192 242,991 263,731 Total ss.
10,159 84,081 With Regular Army
Aggregate.. 108,947 925 1,484,024 1,593,896 With Nat. G'al
188,103 National Guard and Regular Army figures in "actual strength" summary do not include Selectees. Enlisted men total includes 11,967 Philippine Scouts.
The Regular Army consists of the Infantry, the such other officers and enlisted men as are now Cavalry, the Field Artillery, the Coast Artillery or may hereafter be provided for. Corps, the Air Corps, the Corps of Engineers, The National Guard of each State, Territory and the signal Corps, which are designated the com- the District of Columbia consists of members of batant arms or the line of the army, the General the militia voluntarily enlisted therein, who upon Staff Corps, the Adjutant General's Department, original enlistment shall be not less than 18 nor the Inspector General's Department, the Judge more than 45 years of age, or who in subsequent Advocate General's Department, the Quartermes- enlistment shall be not more than 64 years of age, ter Corps, the Finance Department, the Medical organized, armed, equipped and federally recogDepartment, the Ordnance Department, the Chem- nized, and of commissioned officers and warrant ical Warfare Service, the officers and enlisted men
officers who are citizens of the United States beunder the jurisdiction of the National Guard Bu
tween the ages of 21 and 64 years: Provided. That
former members of the Regular Army, Navy or reau, the chaplains, the professors and cadets of the United States Military Academy, detached officers, said National Guard.
Marine Corps under 64 years of age may enlist in detached enlisted men, unassigned recruits, the Original enlistments are for 3 years; subsequent officers and enlisted men of the retired list, and I enlistments for 1 or 3 years.
ARMY TRAINING ACTIVITIES Regular Army-Throughout the year 'all units Officers' Reserve Corps-Active duty training is of the Regular Army receive peace-time training at usually conducted at Regular Army garrisons. their home stations or in summer training camps. Reserve Officers' Training Corps-Young men
National Guard-The National Guard is trained attending certain schools and colleges receive millthroughout the year. The principal training ob- tary training during their academic courses, jective of the National Guard is to produce units This training is divided into a basic course and prepared to take the field on short notice at peace an advanced course. The basic course normally is strength to carry out their missions as a part of given during the freshman and sophomore years. the Army of the United States.
The advanced course normally is given during the The law requires that each organization assemble junior and senior years. Depending on the requirefor drill and instruction not less than 48 times each ments of the institution, all students may be reyear and shall in addition participate in encamp- quired to take, or may elect, the basic course. ments and maneuvers, or other exercises at least Citizens' Military Training Camps (temporarily 15 days each year.
discontinued in July, 1941). DATES OF PERIODS FOR RETURN TO CIVIL LIFE of
when, under the law, they would have to be reArmy and National Guard divisions and the dates turned to civil ille are shown below:
4,800 Jan. 15-Jan. 31 4th 5,300 Feb. 15-Mar 15 1st Armored
3,000 Feb. 28-Mar. 31 5th 2.000 Mar. 31-Apr. 15 2d Armored
2,300 Feb. 15-Feb. 25 6th 4,100 June 15June 30 3d Armored
4,200 June 15-June 30 7th. 5,500 Jan. 15-Feb. 15 4th Armored
6,300 May 15-May 31 8th
2,300 Feb. 28-Mar. 15
NATIONAL GUARD 26th. 9,600 Feb. 28-Mar. 31 35th
6,700 Feb. 15-Mar. 15 27th 6,800 Jan. 15-Feb. 15 36th.
5,500 Jan. 15-Feb. 15 28th $6,000 July
10,000 Jan. 15-Feb. 29 29th 7,400 Apr. 15-May 15 38th
10.000 Mar. 31-Apr. 30 30th. 4,900 Jan. 1-Jan. 31 40th
5.600 June 15-June 30 31st. 5,800 Feb. 15-Mar. 15 41st.
6.100 Jan. 1-Feb. 15 320 6.400 Mar. 31-Apr. 30 43d
*6.700 July 33d. 4,900 Apr. 15-May 15 44th.
1-Feb. 11 34th
5,700 Jan. 1-Feb. 1 *Estimated
U. S. Army Corps Areas, as of Nov. 1, 1941
Source: The Adjutant General's Records First-Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa- tucky Headquarters, Ft. Hayes, Columbus, Ohio. chusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut. and Fort Sixth-Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin. HeadquarH. D. Wright. Headquarters, Boston Army Base,
ters, Post Office Bldg., Chicago, Ill.
Seventh-Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, NeBoston, Mass. Second-New Jersey, Delaware, and New York, braska, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota
and Wyoming Headquarters, New Federal Bldg.. except Fort M. D. Wright, N. Y.-Headquarters,
15th and Dodge Sts., Omaha, Neb. Governors Island, N. Y.
Eighth--Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, New Mexhird-Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and ico and Arizona. Headquarters, Ft. Sam Houston, the District of Columbia. Headquarters, United San Antonio, Texas. States Post Office and Court House, Baltimore, Md. Ninth-Washington, Oregon, Idaho,, Montana,
Fourth North Carolina, South Carolina, Geor- Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, California and that por gia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi and tion of Arizona which is attached for certain spe- . Louisiana. Headquarters, Post Office Bldg., At- cific purposes only. The Territory of Alaska is lanta, Ga.
attached to the Ninth Corps Area. Headquarters, Fifth-Ohio, West Virginia, Indiana and Ken- Presidio of San Francisco, Calif.
A total of 337,649 persons was listed as draft comparison to the 24,234,021 who answered the deserters in the World War, but 163,738 of them three registrations. Army records disclose that were apprehended and dealt with beiore July 15, 55.368 members of religious bodies opposed to war 1919. Only some 160.000 escaped the conscription professed noncombatant religious creeds between machine entirely. Although the number of de-June 5 and Sept. 11, 1918. Total claims for nonserters was large compared with the number ac- combatant classification were 64,693, but only tually inducted into the Army. it was small in | 56,830 were recognized.
United States Military Expenditures
Source: The Treasury Department
Dollars 1810 2,294,324 1905. 122,175.074 1920 1,610.587.381! 1931
339,596,530 1820. 2,630,392 1910 155,911,706 1921 991,588,055 1932
338.920,097 1830 4.767,129 1911 160,129,888 1922 374,515,39911933
293.310.103 1840 7.097.070 11912 148.801.425 1923 291,959,458, 1934
238,950.719 1850. 9,400.239 1913. 160.137.353 1924. 245.051.775 1935
268,619,653 1860 16,409,767, 1914. 173.270,486 1925 264,914.783 1986
377,346,249 1865 1,031,324,361/ 1915
352,734,943 1870. 57.655,676 1916. 164.546.867 1927 267.760.841 1938
416.529, 159 1880 38,116.916 1917. 358.158.361 1928 291.541,416 1939
436.330,959 1890 44.582.83811918. 4.850.687,187, 1929
626.486,295 1900.. 134,774.768 1919. 8,995,880,2661930.
323,291,496! 1941 3.890,506,703 Up to 1842 the fiscal year ended Dec. 31; on and The total United States expenditures for naafter 1844 it ended June 30.
tional defense in the year ended June 30, 1941, War department figures, 1930 and since, repre- were $6.255,000,000; the estimated national defense sent actual expenditures for military purposes and expenditures in the year ended June 30, 1942, were do not include outlays for rivers, harbors and other $18,000,000,000. non-military purposes.