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United States Army Medical Museum
Source: An oficial of the Institution The Army Medical Museum, 7th St. and Inde- terest. The section on anatomy contains many pendence Ave., Washington, was founded in 1862 skeletons, models, dissections and other specimens by Surgeon General William A. Hammond with showing the normal aspects of the human and some 7,000 specimens from the battlefields of the animal bodies. of particular interest is the colCivil War. The original purpose was to make it a lection of human embryos which are represented museum for the study of war wounds, but it's scope by actual specimens ranging from the third week has enlarged with the years to include the whole of pregnancy up to the full term baby. Several sets medical field. It now functions as a diagnostic of twins are included, and one of the features is center for the entire Army for the study of disease the famous quintuplets which were worn in Kenand injuries. The present collection consists of tucky in 1896. more than 150,000 specimens, over 70,000 photo- The second floor is the museum of pathology graphs and approximately 300,000 microscopic which contains specimens of abnormal, diseased slides. More than 100,000 persons visit the museum and injured organs. Some of the feature exhibits annually.
cover the subjects of cancer, tuberculosis, venereal The first floor of the museum contains exhibits diseases, war injuries and diseases of the skin. on the normal structures of the human body, and There is a large display of human monstrosities or collections of historic instruments and appliances. abnormal babies. A group illustrating some superThe historic section contains one of the world's stitions of medicine are especially interesting. largest collections of microscopes, stethoscopes, Admission free. Open weekdays 8:45 a.m. to ophthalmoscopes and similar items of medical in- 4:15 p.m., Saturdays 8:45 a.m. to 12:45 p.m.
United States Army Medical Library
(Library of the Surgeon General's Office, U. 8. A., Washington) This is the largest working medical library in the activities including: tracing, the origin of a given world. It began with a collection of books in the disease, the uses of certain remedies, and the office of The Surgeon General of the Army, an therapeutic value of various agents. office created in 1818. Near the close of 1840 Sur- Special features of the Library are: Medical geon General Joseph Lovell compiled a list, or short Incunabula, of which there are more than 460 titles catalogue, of the books in his office. This material of the estimated 600 known; several hundred medibecame the nucleus out of which the present col- cal manuscripts; special collections of medical lection has evolved. Its real growth as a library biographical and bibliographical works; Federal, began in 1865 with the assignment of Surgeon John State, and Municipal documents on sanitation, Shaw Billings, whose fostering care laid the strong public health and vital statistics. foundation for the magnificent collection it has The publication of the Library is the Index Catabecome.
logue, which has now reached Volume III of the The Army Medical Library secures practically Fourth Series, 1880-1938. It is used throughout everything printed in the field of the medical the world as the standard in medical bibliography. sciences, including dental and veterinary medicine, To the left of the entrance to the main reading The collection consists of more than five million room (called "the hall") are shelved the incunitems, including some 400,000 books, about 534,000 abula, 16th century, and other rare books. In the pamphlets, 1,600 magazines, 9,500 portraits and main stacks are placed bound periodicals, transacphotographs, and in addition, autographs, clip- tions, monographs and texts, also leading reports pings, engravings, manuscripts, periodicals, as well of learned and scientific societies. On the first as the enormous list of references printed in the floor, directly beneath the main hall, is located the Index Catalogue. The Library receives an average general reading room with the current periodicals. of more than 1,800 periodicals, of which more than Also nearby are the shelves for various documents 1,100 are in foreign languages.
and the Statistical Section. The Library is catalogued with author and sub- The material appearing in the Index Medicus, ject entries, involving more than two million index 1879-1931, was largely made up from the indexes of cards. Special indexing is also done, the present this Library. Franklin Institute Museum; Medal Winners
Source: Records of the Organization (Headquarters are on the Parkway at 20th Street, Philadelphia. The old Institute building, Seventh St., south of Market st., was purchased by A. Atwater Kent and presented
by him to Philadelphia, for use as a historical museum, to include, among other relics, the first draft of the U. S. Constitution.)
The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsyl- CRESSON MEDAL WINNERS' SINCE 1920 vania for the promotion of the mechanic arts, was
1920—William L. Emmet; 1921-Byron E. Eldrea. founded Feb. 5, 1824.
1922-Lee DeForest. The Franklin Medal, the highest award, is made
1923—Albert Kingsbury and Raymond D. Johnfor an outstanding career in physical sciences; the Elliott Cresson Medal, for discovery and original son;, 1925---Prances Hodgkinson.
1926–George E. Hale, Charles S. Hastings, and research.
Dayton C. Miller. FRANKLIN MEDAL WINNERS SINCE 1920
1927-Gustaf W. Elmen, Vladimir Karapeton. 1920-Svante A. Arrhenius, Sir Charles A. Par- and Edward L. Nichols; 1928–Henry Ford, Charles sons.
L. Lawrence. 1921-Charles Fabry, Frank J. Sprague.
1929—Sir James C. Irvine, Chevalier Jackson, 1922-Ralph Mod jeski, Sir Joseph J. Thomson. and Elmer A. Sperry. 1923-Gen. Aug. G. Ferrie, Albert A. Michelson. 1930-Norman R. Gibson, Irving E. Moultrop. 1924 Sir Ernest Rutherford, Edward Weston. 1931-Olinton J. Davisson, Lester H. Germer, 1925-Elihu Thomson, Pieter Zeeman.
Prof. Kotaro Honda, and Theodore Lyman. 1926-Niels Bohr, Samuel Rea.
1932- Prof. Williams Bridgman, Charles L. 1927 George E. Hale, Max Planck.
Fortescue, and John B. Whitehead. 1928-Charles F. Brush, Walther Nernst.
1933-Senor Juan de la Cierva, and Dr. Walther 1929--Emile Berliner, Charles T. R. Wilson. Bauersfeld. 1930-John F. Stevens, Sir William H. Bragg. 1934-Stuart Ballantine, and the Union Switch 1931- Willis R. Whitney, Sir James H. Jeans. and Signal Company. 1932- Ambrose Swasey, and Prof. Philipp Lenard. 1935—no award. 1933–Orville Wright, and Prof. Paul Sabatier. 1936-George O. Curme Jr., and Robert J. Van 1934-Henry N. Russell, and Irving Langmuir. de Graaff. 1935-Albert Einstein, and Sir John A. Fleming. 1937–Carl D. Anderson, William Bowie, J. E. 1936-Frank B. Jewett and Charles F. Kettering. Brandenberger, of France; Ernest O. Lawrence, w. 1937-Robert A. Millikan and Peter J. W. Debye. F. Glauque. 1938- William F. Durand, and Charles A. Kraus. 1938-Edwin H. Land.
1939--Edward P. Hubble, and the late Albert 1939–George A. Campbell, John R. Carson, and Sauveur.
Charles V. Boys, 1940--Arthur H. Compton and Leo H. Kaekeland. 1940-Frederick M. Becket and Robert R. WII
1941-Sir C. V. Raman, and Dr. Erwin H, Arm- llams. strong
1941--The United States Navy. For 1941 the following awards were made in addition Certificate of Merit: C. W. Akers; Longstreth Medal to Benjamin J. Wilson; Wetherill Medal to Harold S. Black; Brown Medal to Willis H. Carrier; Clark Medal to Raymond M. Conner; Levy Medal to John M. Lessells and Charles W. MacOregor; Potts Medal to Harold E. Edgerton.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Source: Officials of the Institution The Metropolitan Museum of Art, in Central especially important, representing with characterPark, fronting on Fifth Ave., at 82nd St., contains istic specimens the development of rug weaving in 325,811 square feet of exhibition floor space.
the Orient. Fine examples of pottery illustrate the Open weekdays, including holidays except Christ- development of ceramic art in the Near East. The mas, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sundays 1 to 6 p.m., domed room from a Jaina ternple represents the Christmas 1 to 5 p.m. Admission to the Main art of woodcarving in India. It is supplemented Building free at all times. On Mondays and Fri- by an extensive collection of Indian and Tibetan days admission to The Cloisters is 25 cents. jewelry, Indian miniatures of all schools and ANCIENT ART
periods, and some remarkable examples of early
Indian stone carving. Among the objects on display are the mastaba tomb erected about 4,400 years ago in the ceme- PAINTINGS, AMERICAN AND FOREIGN tery at Sakkareh in Egypt for a Theban dignitary named Per-neb and re-erected here in its original els, and water colors, numbers over 2,500 and
The collection of paintings, including oils, pastform, with its painted scenes in low relief still represents creditably the Italian, Spanish, Dutch, preserved; a series of painted wooden funerary Flemish, German, French, English, and American models, the most remarkable of their kind ever schools. found, from the tomb of the Theban Prince Meket
Appropriately for an American museum, AmeriRe of the XI dynasty (about 2000 B. C.); Egyptian
can paintings occupy more gallery space than those jewelry from the tomb of the Princess Sit Hat-Hor of any other school. Among the artists whose Yunet, XII dynasty, equaled only by the group in
works are represented are Abbey, Allston, Bingham, the Cairo Museum; several fine colossal and heroic Blackburn, Blakelock, Cassatt, Chase, Copley, stone statues of Queen Hat-shepsut of the XVIII Eakins, Homer, Inness, Martin, Morse, Peale, dynasty (about 1500 B. C.); the Carnarvon Egypt: Ryder,' Sargent, Stuart. Sully, Trumbuli, West, ian Collection, an unusually fine group of small Whistler. One gallery is devoted to the showing objects, presented by Edward S. Harkness; a colos- of contemporary American paintings, acquired sal winged bull, a winged lion, and a number of
chiefly through funds established by George A. reliefs--the of John D. Rockefeller,
Hearn. of J. Pierpont Morgan-from the palace at Nimrud
The European masterpieces include two Raphof Ashur-nasir-apal II, who reigned over Assyria aels, a large number of Rembrandts, and importfrom 885 to 860 B. C.; a Greek statue, the best ant works by Bellini, Botticelli, Boucher, Bouts, preserved of the early Attic Apollos": Roman Bruegel, Brouwer, Cézanne, Constable, Corot, Courcopies of two statues, the Diadoumenos and the bet, Daumier, David, Degas, Delacroix, Dürer, Fra Amazon, by Polykleitos; Greek and Roman pottery, Angelico, Gainsborough, Giorgione, Goya, El Greco, including four colossal Dipylon vases, three large Guardi, Hals, Holbein, Ingres, Lawrence, Manet, kratersone in black-figure with the Return of
Mantegna, Memling. Monet, Poussin, Renoir, ReyHephaistos, two in red-figure with battle scenes nolds, Robert, Rubens, Tintoretto, Titian, Turner, --and a group of Arretine ware; bronzes from the
Van der Weyden, Van Dyck, Van Eyck, Velazquez, 8th century B. C. to the 3rd century A. D.; wall Vermeer, Veronese, Watteau, and other masters. paintings from a villa at Boscoreale near Pompeii; Special collections of note include: the Benjaa collection of ancient glass, one of the finest in min Altman Collection (notable for Dutch the world; Etruscan antiquities, including a bronze paintings, Renaissance decorative arts, and Oriehariot and three colossal terracottas--all these for ental rugs and ceramics); the Theodore M. Davis ancient art alone.
Collection (notable for Italian paintings, Egyptian FAR EASTERN ART
antiquities, and European and Oriental decorative The Museum possesses a collection of Far East
arts); the Michael Friedsam Collection (notable
for early French and Netherlandish paintings and ern art, various phases of which are world famous
European and Oriental decorative arts); the H. O. from the standpoint both of extent and quality, The Chinese sculpture group is the most important Havemeyer
Collection (notable for modern French unit. It contains superb pieces ranging in date paintings, Oriental paintings and decorative arts,
and prints). from the Han dynasty (206 B.C.--A.D. 220) to the Ming (1368-1644). Recently acquired sculp
MORGAN COLLECTION tures which should be especially noted are the great Wei dynasty stele dated A. D. 533-543, a
The Pierpont Morgan Collection, the gift of the black marble stele of the T'ang dynasty (undated),
late J. Pierpont Morgan and of his son J. P. Morand a small wood figure dated A. D. 1282. A few
gan, Alls an entire wing and is a priceless gatherearly Chinese bronzes are among the most cele
ing of the decorative arts of Europe from the brated in the world, notably the Chou dynasty
Gallo-Roman and Merovingian periods to the end (1122-256 B.C.) altar set formerly belonging to the
of the 18th century. The rarest and most precious viceroy, Tuan Fang, and two Buddhist altarpieces section of the collection represents the supreme of the Wei dynasty (A.D. 386-557). The collection
work of the Byzantine and mediaeval goldsmiths, of paintings, Chinese and Japanese, is still limited enamelers, and ivory carvers. to a minor place among the collections of the
The most comprehensive single collection inworld, although a few fine examples are included.
cluded in the Pierpont Morgan Collection is that In the field of the so-called decorative arts the brought together by Georges Hoentschel of Paris, Museum is particularly fortunate. A room of early
decorator and collector. It consists of two parts: Chinese pottery is one of the most brilliant ex
sculpture, furniture, textiles, iv ies, woodwork, hibits in the Far Eastern collection, and the later
and architectural fragments of the Gothic period, decorated porcelains form a group which is sur
chiefly of French, Flemish, Dutch, German, Spanpassed nowhere. The collection of Japanese and
ish, and Italian origin; and French decorative Korean pottery and porcelain, while not so ex
arts of the 17th and 18th centuries-furniture, tensive, is well chosen and of fine quality. The
woodwork (many examples from historic build Bishop Collection of 18th century jades is too well ings), decorative paintings, and ormolu fittings, known to need comment, and here it should be
This large collection is augmented by a shop frons noted that the Museum possesses also a few early from the Quai Bourbon, Paris, and a suite of three ceremonial Jades. Recently there has been added
Louis XVI rooms (salon, library, and bedchamber) an adequately representative group of cloisonne.
from the Hotel Gaulin at Dijon. The collection of Chinese textiles of the later Among the treasures of the Pierpont Morgan periods is very rich, The Japanese textile collec- Collection are five Gothic tapestries from a set tion is steadily gaining in importance and size,
known as the Sacrament Set because they picture and these textiles, together with the collections of
the Sacraments of the Church; two sculptured lacquers, color prints, and sword guards, demon- groups, an Entombment and a Pietà from the strate the Japanese genius for design.
famous Chateau de Biron in southwestern France:
superb examples of the goldsmith's craft, from the NEAR EASTERN ART
15th to the 18th century: a unique collection of The collection of Near Eastern art exemplifies snuff -boxes, vanity boxes, scent bottles, and the decorative arts of the Mu ammadan untries. dance programs, signed by jamous jewelers of the A number of Syrian mosque lamps and other pieces 18th century; and a large collection of watches, of enameled glass of the 13th and 14th centuries representative of the work of the best craftsmen are among the rarest and most precious objects. in Europe from the 16th to the 19th century, A 14th Century Iranian prayer niche of falence In addition to the material in the Pierpont mosaic is an outstanding exhibit. The Persian Morgan Wing there are extensive collections of and Indian manuscripts and miniature paintings, European decorative arts-furniture, tapestries, including those in the Alexander Smith Cochran textiles, metalwork, ceramics, and glass-ranging Collection, represent some of the greatest names from the Gothic to the modern period, in other in Persian calligraphy and painting from the 15th galleries of the Museum. There is, too, an exto the 18th century. The collection of rugs, en- cellent representation of sculpture, both Euroriched through the gift of James F. Ballard, is pean and American.
AMERICAN DECORATIVE ARTS
the 7th century A.D. The armor, though beautiful Another wing, the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert in color and in treatment of its decorative detail, W. de Forest, is devoted to American decorative
was worn with masks in the form of monsters to arts from the 17th through the Arst quarter of inspire terror. The sword, which for centuries the 19th century. In rooms reconstructed in most has been reverenced by the Japanese, is well reprecases with original woodwork, there have been
sented. Among the most esteemed artists of Japan assembled furniture, metalwork, ceramics, glass,
are included makers of swords and sword fittings. prints, and paintings to present the characteristic
These swords and their mountings exemplify background of our ancestors.
The third floor phases of art entirely original with the Japanese, rooms date from about 1640 through the first halt and the continuous demand for sword furniture of the 18th century; the second floor from the fostered the establishment of many famous schools, se d hall of the igth century to 1793; the first most of which are well represented in the Mufloor from the end of the 18th century through the
seum's collection. first quarter of the 19th. Geographically the rooms
The Near Eastern section includes armor and range from New Hampshire to Virginia.
weapons from Turkey, India, and Persia. Here is a One of the most interesting, both architecturally
group of Turkish helmets, which date from the and historically, is the Assembly Room from the
time when Constantinople, taken by the Turks in City Tavern, Alexandria, Va., where Washington 1453, ceased to be the eastern capital of the Roman attended in 1798 his last birthnight ball. The Empire and became the seat of the Ottoman dosouth exterior wall of the wing is the facade of the minion. Swords and daggers also form & noteUnited States Branch Bank, formerly at 1544 Wall worthy section, Outstanding are blades of watered Street, built between 1822 and 1824. An addition steel, hilts and blades set with precious and semito The American Wing containing the great hall precious stones, richly carved Jade grips, and from the old Van Rensselaer Manor House, at plerced and sculptured steel hilts from the armory Albany, New York, and a room from Providence,
of the last king of Tanjore. With the Near Eastern Rhode Island, was completed in 1931.
collection are exhibited rich krisses from the Malay Two galleries, opened in 1934, display a com
Peninsula and Netherland India. prehensive collection of Pennsylvania German
PRINTS decorative arts of the 18th and 19th centuries, the The Print Study Room makes available to the gift of Mrs. Robert W. de Forest.
public a collection of prints and illustrated books ARMS AND ARMOR.
representing the history of engraving, etching.
woodcutting, and lithography. Here, for example, The collection of arms and armor is grouped in one may see large and important groups of prints three main divisions-Europe, the Near East with by such famous artists as the Master E, S. the Malay Peninsula and Netherland India, and Schongauer, Mantegna, Marcantonio, Dürer, HolJapan and China. The European objects, which in bein, Rembrandt, Goya, Daumier, Delacroix, Mer. scope and quality rank with those in European na- yon, Haden, and Whistler. The Print Department tional collections, date mainly from 1400 to 1800. was started in 1917. It contains modern prints The Near Eastern section includes many note- from the Harris Brisbane Dick Collection, Remworthy objects in the main galleries, while types brandt etchings from the H. O. Havemeyer Colwhich are instructive for comparison are available lection and that of George Coe Graves, engrapin the study collection. The Japanese section is ings and woodcuts by Dürer from the collection of the most comprehensive outside Japan,
Junius S. Morgan, Americana from that of Charles The European collection is a representative one Allen Munn, the William E. Baillie Collection of from the technical, historical, and artistic stand- book plates, and primitive woodcuts from the points, including signed works of many of the James C. McGuire Collection. The history of best-known artist-armorers of Augsburg, Nurem- book illustration is shown in a special collection. berg, and Milan, and over 450 objects with histori.
THE CLOISTERS cal associations. War equipment; an unusual series of horse armor; enriched harnesses for tournament,
A branch of the Metropolitan Museum devoted procession, or court ceremonies; enriched arms
to European mediaeval art, located in Fort Tryon used on state occasions or in the chase-all attest Park in a new building which was opened in May.
1938. The site and the funds for the construction to the high degree of artistic conception and skill in execution achieved in hard metal. Among
were the gift of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. The colmany noteworthy objects are the embossed casque brought together by George Grey Barnard, pre
lections include not only the mediaeval material angelo_of armorers; the embossed shield of Henry sented to the Museum by Mr, Rockefeller in 1925 II of France; the richly etched and gilded armor
and formerly shown at 698 Fort Washington Avefor man and horse, dated 1527, of Galiot de nue, together with objects subsequently added by
Mr.' Rockefeller, but also many objects now exGenouilhac, Grand Master of Artillery of France;
hibited at The Cloisters for the first time. Notable four harnesses from the English Royal Armory at Greenwich, all having belonged to privileged among the recent acquisitions are the 12th century nobles of Elizabeth's reign, one of whom, George chapter house from Pontaut, the 13th century Clifford, third Earl of Cumberland, had been her four 15th century windows from Sens, and the
Moutiers-Saint-Jean, Champion; and the chiseled sword of Ambrogio
famous 15th century tapestries depicting The di Spinola, famous commander-in-chief in the
Hunt of the Unicorn-the outstanding set of Netherlands.
The collection of firearms is comprehensive, Gothic tapestries in this country. showing the development of the various mechan
INSTRUCTION. isms, as well as every form of enrichment both To make the Museum collections serviceable to of barrel and stock.
the public, including manufacturers and designers, The Japanese arms and armor cover the entire students of art, and pupils of the public and pri: feudal era of Japan from the 12th to the 19th cen- vate schools of New York City, free public gallery tury, with many primitive elements antedating talks or lectures are given.
The Newark, N. J., Museum
Source: An Orcial of the Institution The Newark Museum, dedicated to art, science, in direct service to the schools and independently education and industry, is on Washington Street,
in the Junior Museum. Close cooperation exists
between the schools and the Museuin. More than across from Washington Park. The original build
12,000 school children come annually to see the ing, given to the city in 1926 by Louis Bamberger,
exhibits, special exhibits being arranged to coincontains the Museum's exhibition galleries, a ref
cide with the school curriculum. In addition the erence library, the Science and Registrar's De
Museum has some 8,000 objects of visual education partments,
which are lent to the schools for class use. The The Museum owns one of the outstanding col- Junior Museum Club has an enrollment of 7.680 lections of Tibetan art and ethnology in this coun- and an active membership of 600. In 1940 there try. Among its other important possessions are was a total attendance of 8,000 at Club activities, Japanese netsukes and other Oriental art objects; such as modeling, drawing and other forms of art a representative collection of American paintings and craftwork, nature study, playwriting and the and sculpture acquired gradually and with discrim- publication of Drums, a quarterly magazine. ination from the time of its founding, including The Museum has frequently changing exhibits contemporary works and primitives" some 6.000 in art, ethnology, industry and science. Each seacoins representative of all nations; 200 moving son a series of free concerts is given on Sunday models showing the art and science of mechanics. afternoons, a Natural Science program is offered The collections of the Science Department cover the by the Science Department, gallery talks and dem. fields of astronomy, the earth sciences, biology onstrations are given in connection with current and man
exhibits. An invitingly furnished Members' Room The Museum's Educational work is extensive both is set aside for the use of members.
New York Historical Society Museum and Library
Source: An Official of the Institution The New York Historical Society, founded in the earliest View of the city, published in 1651, to 1804, is open free upon weekdays, 10 A.M. to 5 modern times, and includes the Burgis View of P.M.; and on Sundays and holidays from 1-5 P.M. the City, 1717, of which only one other copy is It is closed on Mondays, New Year's Day, July 4, known; the Maverick View of Wall Street, about Thanksgiving, Christmas, and the month of August. 1834, and the Tiebout Engraving of the City Hall The Society has occupied since 1908 the building on Wall Street. on Central Park West between 76th and 77th
The maps include the James Lyne survey of the Streets. The new wings were added in 1937-38, city in 1731, published by William Bradford-the which include picture galleries as well as a greatly first engraved map of the city published-one of enlarged museum. The Society is supported by
three known copies; the Dyckinck plan of 1755, endowment funds and membership fees. The Society the Ratzer map of '1767, and the Commissioner's maintains a library, museum and gallery of art.
map of 1811. The library contains 200,000 volumes and large col
The museum occupies 5 floors and contains many lections of pamphlets, newspapers, prints, maps and relics of N. Y. and American history. manuscripts, all relating to American history. The first newspaper printed in New York City before the Revolutionary War, in this city, may be
of local relics the Beekman family coach, used was the New York Gazette, established in 1725 by William Bradford, the first printer in the Colony equestrian' statue of King George III, and the
mentioned, as well as the remains of the famous of New York. The society's file of this paper begins statue of William Pitt (the Earl of Chatham). with 1730.
Here are to be found, also, a complete file of champion of the American cause in Parliament; New York City Directories from the first one
the original furniture of Federal Hall, where
Washington was inaugurated first President, and printed in 1786; an unusual collection of genealogical material, and an excellent local history
an almost complete collection of the John Rogers section covering' every state in the Union. The plaster groups with many of the original bronzes. manuscripts include the Horatio Gates, James
A coilection of European and American folk arts, Duane, Rufus King, Albert Gallatin, James
numbering 15,000 objects, was recently acquired. Alexander, Gen. John Lamb, Lord Stirling, Baron The Gallery of Art now numbers over 1,500 von Steuben, and Cadwallader Colden Papers, and paintings, including, old masters. Over 400 of the 200 George Washington letters. They comprise paintings are American portraits by such artists the finest assemblage of documents in existence as Charles Willson Peale, Gilbert Stuart, John relating to the American side of the Revolutionary Wollaston, Benjamin West, Asher B. Durand, John War, comparing favorably in scope with the col - Wesley Jarvis, and many others. lection of papers of British generals and states- The Society also possesses the original water men who conducted the war in America, now in color drawings made by John James Audubon for possession of the University of Michigan.
his "Birds of America"-460 beautifully executed Also of importance are the original articles of pictures. Burgoyne's surrender; an orderly book record of Over a dozen carriages of the 19th century Nathan Hale's execution; letters patent from which were formerly used in New York City are Charles II to Edmund Andros, 1674, authorizing exhibited here, as are relics of the old Volunteer him to take over New Netherland from the Dutch Fire Department. Governor; Lord Cornbury's Charter to the City The Port of New York Gallery is given over to of New York; the correspondence of the American the maritime history of New York and is fitted in Fur Co. with its Western posts; and the manu- the style of a sailing vessel, from the cabin" of scripts of Henry O'Reilly relating to the telegraph. which views of the New York skyline may be The old New York prints cover the period from seen as it appeared at various times in its history.
The Hispanic Society of America
Source: Omcials of the Institution The Museum and Library of The Hispanic So-tuguese languages, literature, art and history, ciety of America occupy two buildings in the no- for the study of the countries wherein Spanish table group on Broadway, between 155th and 156th and Portuguese are or have been spoken lanStreets, Manhattan, which New York owes to the guages. public spirit and generosity of Archer M. Hunting, In furtherance of these aims a collection of ton, president of the Society, which he founded paintings, manuscripts, maps and coins, and a on May 18, 1904.
The Main Building, which library of about 40,000 books was placed in the houses the museum and library. was formally charge of the society in 1904. These varied opened in January, 1908, and the North Building collections have been increased and enriched so devoted to an exhibition of modern Spanish paint- that, for example the library now contains no ings, arts, and crafts, in November, 1930.
fewer than 100.000 volumes. The museum is open from 10 to 4:30 daily, and Though its home and headquarters are in on Sunday from 1 to 5. The exhibition rooms in America, the Hispanic Society is an international the North Building are open on Sundays only. organization; its members, limited to 100 memThe reading room is open from 1 to 4:30 daily, bers and 300 corresponding members, include except
Sunday, Monday, holidays, and the month specialists and scholars of all countries who have of August.
become distinguished in the Hispanic field. The deed of foundation provides for the estab- The society has held several notable exhibilishment in the City of New York of a public tions, among them those of the works of Sorolla, library and museum designed to be a link be- Zuloaga, Cervantes, and Lope de Vega, as well as tween the English, Spanish
Portuguese of collections of sculpture, photographs, prints, speaking peoples. It provides also for the ad- etc., and has issued approximately 600 públicavancement of the study of the Spanish and Por- tions on Spanish history, literature and art.
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
Source: Omcials of the institution The Museum_of the American Indian, Heye The museum's sole aim is to gather and preserve Foundation, at Broadway and 155th Street, Man- for students everything useful in illustrating and hattan, forms one of the group of buildings which elucidating the anthropology of the aborigines of New York owes to the public spirit of Archer M. the Western Hemisphere. Field work has been conHuntington, who gave the site of the museum, stantly pursued in all parts of the New World. which was built by the trustees at a cost of $250,000 The publications and monographs are notable. and $100,000 for equipment. The fireproof limestone Mr Huntington in 1925 gave to the Museum six edifice was opened on Nov. 15, 1922. Three floors acres, near Pelham Bay Park, between Eastern are devoted to exhibition rooms.
Boulevard, Middletown Road and Jarvis Ave. A The Museum has over 2,000,000 exhibits and can modern storage and study museum building has display but about one-quarter of these at one time, been erected on the site. The library of the MuThe top floor is devoted to laboratories, work and seum, containing some 25,000 volumes, complete study rooms, which are open under suitable condi- serial runs of the important periodical publications tions to students. Dr. George G. Heye, who founded in its field, and many thousands of pamphlets, is the Museum and turned over to it nearly half a deposited at the new building of Huntington Free million specimens, is the director.
Library and Reading Room, 9 Westchester Square, Individual trustees have given important special the Bronx. Its collections are available to all collections and meet the cost of field work. The accredited students for research purposes from exhibits are open to the public week days from 2 to 10 A.M, to 5 P.M. daily, Sundays and holidays 6 P.M., holidays excepted. Admission free.
The American Museum of Natural History
Source: An Official of the Institution The American Museum of Natural History, lo- of elephants and 14 habitat groups on this floor, cated on Central Park West at 79th Street, New 10 habitat groups on the third floor, a total of 24 York City, was founded and chartered in 1869, groups of gorillas, antelopes, rhinoceroses, giraffe,
It is open free every day in the year: weekdays. lions and other African mammals. and holidays except as specified, 10 A. M. to 5
THIRD FLOOR P. M., Sundays, New Year's and Independence
Collections from the living peoples of Asia: Day, Thanksgiving and Christmas, 1 to 5 P. M.
China, Japan, India, Siberia, Tibet, African ethThe Museum building is one of the largest
nology. Hall of the Natural History of Man. municipal structures in the city, and has cost Birds of North America (the famous habitat approximately $16,500,000. It has 23 acres of floor groups). Biology and evolution of mammals. Hall space, 13 of which are devoted to exhibits.
of Primates: Monkeys, Apes and Primitive Man. SUBWAY ENTRANCE
Hall of Insect Life, including habitat groups. RepSeveral mechanically operated groups, together tile Hall, including a number of beautiful groups with exhibits of live specimens, to demonstrate (Lower California Lizard, Bullfrog, Giant Salavarious principles of animal behavior.
mander, New England Spring, Komodo Lizard. FIRST FLOOR
Florida Swamp. Biology exhibits in relation to Collections illustrating the life of the Indians of public health. the North Pacific Coast, the Eskimo, Indians of the
FOURTH FLOOR Woodlands, Plains, and Southwest. Large groups
Collections from the Philippine Islands and the (Hopi, Navajo and Apache) in the Southwest Hall. South Seas Hall of Minerals and Gems, containForestry and Conservation Hall: North Ameri- ing the gifts of J. Pierpont Morgan and others. can trees, including section of a Bigtree of Cali- These collections include practically every variety fornia which
measures 1614 feet in diameter inside of known gem, cut and uncut, some of remarkable the bark. The tree was 1,341 years old when cut size and purity of color. Drummond Hall, condown. Natural woods, with models of their leaves,
taining the famous Drummond Collection of carved flowers and fruits, and sections of the finished Jade, ivory and amber. Hall of Fossil Invertewoods. Darwin 'Hall: Specimens, models and brates and Historical Geology: Large collections; groups showing invertebrate life (Rotifer Group: models of caves; model of Copper Queen Mine Nahant Tide-Pool Group, Wharf-Pile Group): showing cross-sections and surrounding country, Tree of Life. Hall of Fishes, with groups (Shark, topogeologic and palegeographic models. Halls of Sailfish, Deep-Sea, Tropical Ocean), Hall of Ocean the Age of Man: Casts of prehistoric men and Life: Coral Reef Group and Pearl Divers Groups; skeletons of the animals of their time (mammoths, Lindbergh plane "Tingmissartoo" with equipment; mastodons and giant ground sloths). Horse under shell collection; groups of marine mammals, skele- Domestication. Hall of Tertiary Mammals; Detons of whales. Education Hall Auditorium. voted to the great collections of the remains of SECOND FLOOR
creatures that lived from 1,000,000 to 60,000,000 In the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial, the geology, years ago. These collections, by right of extent, insects, reptiles, snakes, and mammals living variety, quality and methods of preparation and and extinct, of New York State. Birds of the New exhibition, are the finest in the world. Cretaceous York City region, both permanent and migratory. and Jurassic. Dinosaur Halls: Remains of fossil Four habitat groups commemorative of the lite reptiles that lived from 60,000,000 to 100,000,000 and ideals of Theodore Roosevelt.
years ago. "Mummy" of dinosaur (Trachodon) in Material illustrating the life of prehistoric man. which the texture of the skin has been preserved, Ancient monuments of Mexico and Central America and the famous dinosaur eggs found by the MuIndians of South America. Bird Dome, Birds of seum's Third Asiatic Expedition in 1923. Fossil the World (systematic series of habitat groups). fishes (tower room).
Mammals of North America. Vernay-Faunthorpe On the Afth floor are the public reference llHall of animals of southern Asia. Giant Panda. brary, the Osborn Library of Vertebrate PalaeonAkeley Memorial Hall of African mammals, Herd I tology, offices, laboratories and study collections.
WHITNEY WING The eight-story Whitney Wing contains three this is the famous Rothschild collection, acquired floors of public exhibits-the Whitney Memorial for the Museum in 1932 by Mrs. Harry Payne WhitHall, the Hall of the Biology of Birds and the Gal
ney and her children, Mr. Cornelius Vanderbilt lery of Bird Art. Four of the remaining floors house loch Miller. On the top floor of the building there
Whitney, Mrs. Barklie Henry and Mrs. G. Macculthe largest study collection of birds in the world,
is a series of modern laboratories designed for numbering 750,000 specimens. About a third of the study of living birds.
The Hayden Planetarium
Source: An Official of the Institution The Drama of the Skles is unfolded in the Hay.. / auletest spot in New York because of its peculiar den Planetarium of the American Museum of sound-proof construction. Its domelike root is a Natural History, where Man may stop the sun by series of concrete; then one of sound-deadening means of the Zeiss Projector which controls the cork; then one of wood; and, finally, the inside is stars in their courses. Here the sky can be repro- lined with strips of perforated stainless steel, On duced as it is today-as it was before the Age of the horizon is the skyline of Manhattan. Man, or--as it will be thousands of years from Indicative of the extent to which the planetarium
can be employed to visualize not only the wonders, now.
The projector stands in the center of the circular but also the drama, of the skies, are the various theatre. it comprises over 120 magic-lantern, or arrangements that can be made to put interesting stereopticon projectors. Each of these throws a cosmic events on parade. One of the most popular picture of a portion of the sky upon the steel dome performances at the planetarium is that which overhead. These many pictures, all matching to-attempts to explain the origin of the Star of Bethgether, fitting without gaps or overlapping, pro- lethem, not as one star, but as close conjunction of duce a panoramic replica of brilliant stars upon a dark blue sky. It is as if you were on a countryside Other dramas deal with Mysterious Mars, Color under real stars.
in the Sky, Our Sun, Waves from Space, and a Trip About 9,000 stars, the Sun, the Moon, the Milky to the Moon. Way and the Planets are contained in this mechan- Thrilling is another popular show which Illusism
trates three of the ways by which the world may Unseen in the dark, with a control board before come to an end. One, by being struck by a major him, stands a lecturer who, by a myriad of switches comet; one by being under
constant bombardment can speed up the stars or slow them down. By of moon pieces created through the destruction of means of a portable projector which flings an the moon by the stone-crusher of gravity and, arrow on the sky, he can single out individual thirdly, through the possible intrusion into our stars. He can, at will, produce the polar aurora solar system by a hit-and-run star. and the glow of dawn.
The planetarium is on 81st St., between Columbus The real heart of the planetarium is the projec- | Ave. and Central Park West. An admission fee is tion room where technicians stand by to add what. charged to repay the R. F. C. loan, but this does ever is needed by way of special lantern-slides or not apply to demonstrations for New York City motion pictures. The planetarium is considered the public school children in classes.