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NOTED MEN AND WOMEN OF GREAT BRITAIN-Continued
B. D.

Name
Subject B. D.

Name

Subject 1700 1748 Thomson, James.

Poet.
1703 1791 Vesley, John.

Preacher. 1815 1882 Trollope, Anthony. Fiction.

1787 1863 Whately, Rev. Richard Philos. 1484 1536 Tyndale, William. Religion.

1714 1770 Whitefield. George,

Preacher. 1820 1893 Tyndall, John

Scientine,

1324 1384 Wickliffe, Rev. John. Theology. 1822 1913 Wallace, Alfred R. Scientist.

1759 1833 Wilberforce, William. Abolitionist. 1676 1745 Walpole, Robert.

Statesman. 1802 1865 Wiseman, Nicholas P. Religion. 1593 1683 Walton, Izaak

Augling.

1770 1850 Wordsworth, William Poet. 1858 1935 Watson, Sir William. Poet.

1632 1723 Wren, Christopher, Architect, 1736 1819 Watt, James.

Engineer.

1640 1715 Wycherly. William. Drama. 1674 1748 Watts, Isaac.

Uyun ns.
1324 1384 Wyckliffe, John..

Religion. 1769 1852 Wellington, Duke of. Soldier.

1684 1765 Young, Edward... Poet. 1707 1788 Wesley, Charles

Preacher

Poets-Laureate of England

Source: Oficial Records There is no authentic record of the origin of the Dryden was appointed in 1670 but was deposed at office of Poet-Laureate of England. According to the Revolution. The others, with the date of apWarton, there was a versificator Regis, or King's pointment, when known, have been: Thomas Poet, in the reign of Henry III, (1216-1272), and Shadwell, 1689; Nahum Tate, 1692; Nicholas Rowe. he was paid 100 shillings a year. Geoffrey Chaucer 1715; the Rev. Laurence Eusden, 1718; Colly (1328-1400) assumed the title of Poet-Laureate, Cibber, 1730; William Whitehead, 1758, on the and in 1389 got a royal grant of a yearly allowance refusal of Gray; Rev. Thomas Warton, 1785, on the of wine. In the reign of Edward IV, (1461-1483) refusal of Mason; Henry J. Pye, 1790: Robert John Kay held the post. Under Henry VII, (1485- Southey, 1813, on the refusal of Sir Walter Scott: 1509) Andrew Bernard was the Poet-Laureate, and William Wordsworth, 1843; Alfred Tennyson, 1850; was succeeded under Henry VIII, (1509-1547) by Alfred Austin, 1896; Robert Bridges, 1913' (died John Skelton. Next came Edmund Spenser, who April 21, 1930): John Masefield. 1930. died in 1599; then Samuel Daniel, who died in D'Avenant was the godson (and considered by 1619, and then Ben Jonson (app't'd 1619). Sir some the natural son) of William Shakespeare William D'Avenant was appointed in 1638. John He was 10 years old when Shakespeare died.

Noted Painters of Great Britain

Source: Biographical Records
B. D.
Name
B. D.
Name
B.

Name 1836 1912 Alma-Taderna. SirLawr. 1817 1897 Glbert, Sir John

1835 1910 Orchardson, Sir W, Q. 1734 1808 Beauclerk, Lady Diana 1841 1917 Henry, C. N.

1878 1931 Orpen, Sir William 1833 1898 Bure-Jones, Sir Edw. 1697 1764 Hogarth, William

1839 1893 Pettle, John 1781 1841 Chantrey, Sir F. L. 1758 1810 Hoppner. John

1884 1937 Philpot, Glyn W. 1850 1934 Collier, John

1827 1910 Hunt, W. Holman 1836 1919 Poynter, Sir E. J., Bt 1776 1837 Constable, John

1874 1937 Jamieson, Alexander 1756 1823 Raeburn, Sir Henry 1803 1902 Cooper. Thos. Sidney 1802 1873 Landseer. Sir Edwin 1723 1792 Reynolds, Sir Joshua 1793 1865 Eastlake, Sir Charles L. ||1856 1941 Lavery, Sir John 1734 1802 Romney, George 1872 1932 Fland, John S.

1769 1830 Lawrence, Sir Thomas 1828 1882 Rossetti, D, G. 1787 1849 Eity, William

1830 1896 Leighton, Fred'k, Lord 1854 1935 Stokes, A. 1846 1935 Farquharson, Joseph 1794 1859 Leslie, Charles R. 1775 1851 Turner, J. M. W. 1755 1826 Flaxman, John

1864'1941 Llewellyn, Sir William 1817 1904 Watts, Geo. F. 1825 1899 Foster, Myles Birket 18v6 1870 Maclise, Daniel

1775 1856 Westmacott, Sir R. Gainsborough, Thos 1829 1896 Millats, Sir J. E.

1785 1841 Wilkie, Sir David 1790 1866 Gibson, John 1849 1933 Murray, Sir D.

1852 1931 Wyllie, W. L. Flemish and Dutch Painters

Source: Biographical Records

D.

[blocks in formation]

1460 1516 Bosch, Hieronymus 1593 1678 Jordaens, Jacob 1410 1475 Bouts, Dirk

1460 1531 Matsys, Quentin 1525 1569 Breugel, de Oude

1435 1495 Memling, Hans 15681625 Breugel, Jan

1610 1685 Ostade, Adr Van 1605 1638 Brouwer, Adriaen

1625 1654 Potter, Paul 1605 1691 Cuyp, Albert

1607 1699 Rembrandt Van Rijn* 1613|1680 Douw, Gerard

1833 1898 Rops. Felicien 1614 1654 Fabricius, (arel

1577 1640 Rubens, Peter Paul 1584 1666 Hals, Frans

1625 1681 Ruysdael, Jacob 1638 1709 Hobbema, Meindert 1626 1679 Steen, Jan 1632 1681 Hoogh, Pieter de

1826 1906 Stevens, Alfred *Rembrandt was his first name, Van Rijn his family name.

B. D.

Name 1582 1649 Teniers, David (Elder 1610 1694 Teniers, David 1440 1482 Vander Goes, H 1400 1458 Vander Weyden 1633 1707 Van de Velde, Willem 1599 1641 Van Dyck, Anthony 1366 1426 Van Eyck, Hubert 13861440 Van Eyck, Jan 1596 1656 Van Goyen, Jan 1494 1533 Van Leyden, Lucas 1632 1675 Vermeer Van Delft, Jan

Spanish Authors

Source: Biographical Records
Born Died

Name
Subject Boro Died

Name

Subject 1180 1246 Berceo, Gonzalo de. Poet.

1600 1681 Calderón de la Barca, Pedro 1282 1348 Juan Manuel,

Prose

Henao de la Barreda yIrano Dramatist 1332 1458 Lopez de Ayala, Pedro. Poet

1760 1828 Fernández de Moratin, 1398 1458 Lopez de Mendoza, Iñigo

Leandro...

Dramatist Marques de Santillana.. Poet.

1772 1857 Quintana, Manuel Jose. Poet 1440 1479 Manrique, Jorge..

Poet.

1796 1877 Fernan Caballero (Cecilia 1510 Rojas, Fernando de. Dramatist.

Bohl de l'aber).

Novelist 1493 1542 Boscán (or Bosca) Almogaver. Juan.

Poet

1803 1839 Heredia y Campuzano, Jose Poet. 1503 1536 Garcilaso de la Vega.

Poet.

1817 1893 Zorrilla y Moral, José.. Poet. 1503 1541 Valdés. Juan de..

Philosopher 1817 1901 Campoamor y Campoosorio, 1510 1566 Rueda, Lope de.

Dramatist.

Ramon de.

Poet. 1528 1591|León, Luis de.

Poet. Prose. 1824 1905 Valera y Alcalá Galtano. Novellst 1533 1594 Ercilla y Zuniga, Alonso de Poet

1833 1891 Alarcon. Pedro Antonio de 1547 1616 Cervantes de Saavedra,

(Mexican)

Novellst Miguel de

Novelist 1833 1906 Pereda, Jose Maria de. Novelist 1561 1627 Góngora y Argote, Luls de Poet

1836 1870 Becquer, Gustavo Adolfo. . Poet. 1562 1635 Vega Carpio. Lope Felix de Dramatist, 1843 1920 Perez Galdos, Genito. Novelist 1579 1644 Velez de Guevara. Luls. Novelist 1852 1921 Pardo Bazan, Emilia. Novelist 1580 1639 Ruiz de Alarcón Juan Dramatist. 1853 1938 Arinando Palacio Valdes, Novelist 1580 1645 Quevedo y Villegoro, Fran

1867, 1916 Dario Ruben. (Nicaraguan) Poet cisco Gómez de...... Poet. Prose 18671 1928 Blasco Ibanez, Vicente. , . . IŅovelist.

Norwegian Authors

Subject

Fiction.
Fict., Drama.
Fict., Drame.
Fiction.
History.
History.
Fiction.
Poet.
Poet, Drams

Source: Biographical Records
B. D.

Name
Subject B. D.

Name 1813 1896 Angen, Ivar.

Poet

1849 1906 Kielland, A. L 1866 1920 Andersen, Tryggve.

Fiction

1865 1926 Kinck, Hans E.. 1832 1910 Bjornson, B

Poet, Drama.

1870

1924 Kjaer, Nile. 1833 1907 Bugee, Sophus.

Folklore

1833 1908 Lie, Jonas. 1853 1930 Bull, Jacob B.

Fiction.

1810 1863 Munch, P. A. 1851 1921 Garborg. Arne.

Fiction.

1835 1918 Sars, J. E. 1857 1929 Helberg, Gunnar.

Drame.

1846 1905 Skram, Amalie. 1684 1754 Holberg, Ludvig.

Drama, Hist. 1807 1874 Welhaven, J. S.C. 1828 1906)Ibsen, Henrik.

Drama.

1808 1845) Wergeland, Henrik.
Swedish Authors

Source: Biographical Records
B. D.
Name
Subject B. D.

Name 1793 1866 Almquist, C. J. L. Fiction

1843 1921 Montellus, Oscar... 1859 1927 Arrhenius, Svante A... Chemist

1842 1919 Retzlus, Gustaf. 1740 1795 Bellman, C. M..... Poet

1630 1702 Rudbeck Olof.. 1779 1848 Berzellus. Jakob.

Chemist

1804 1877 Runeberg. J. L.. 1801 1865 Bremner, Fredrika.. Fiction

1828 1895 Rydberg, Viktor. 1860 1911 Froding, Gustaf.

Poet

1793 1823 Stagnelius, E. J. 1783 1847 Geijer, E. G..

Poet, Hist. 1598 1672 Stlernhielm, Georg 1860 1925 Hansson, Ola...

Poet, Fict. 1849 1912 Strindberg, August... 1864 1930 Karlfeldt, Erik Axel. Poet

1688 1772 Swedenborg, Emanuel. 1858 1940 Lagerlof, Selma... Fiction

1782 1846 Tegner. Esalas, 1707 1778 Linne, Carl von..

Botanist
Noted Swiss Personages

Source: Biographical Records
B. D.
Name
Subject B. D.

Name

Subject
Hist., Archael.
Anthropology
Medicine
Poet
Poet, Phil
Poet
Poet, Phil
Drama, Fict.
Phllosopher
Poet

Subject

D.

1807 1873 Agassiz, Louts.

Scientist
1825 1898 Meyer, Conrad F.

Poet, Novelist 1815 1887 Bachnofen, Johann

Jurist

1493 1541 Paracelsus, Theophrastus. Science 1808 1881 Bluntschli, Jon. Kaspar Jurist

1746 1827 Pestalozzi, Johann H. Educator 18181898 Burkhardt, Jakob.. History

1712/1778 Rousseau, Jean Jacques Essays 1509 1564 Calvin, Jean

Religion

1740 1799 Saussure, Benedict. Geology 1787 1875 Dufour, William Henri Soldier

1465 1522 Schiner, Mathias

Religion 1828|1910 Dunant, Henri Phil., Founder||1845 1924 Spitteler, Karl..

Poetry of Red Cross 1766 1817 Stael, Madame de.

Fiction 1848 1931 Forel, Auguste

Sociology 1799 1846 Toepffer, Rodolphe. Writer 1745 1832 Fussli, Heinrich

History
1797 1847 Vinet, Alexandre.

Poetry, Phil. 1797 1854 Gotthell, Jerernias

Fiction
1417 1490 Von Flue, Nikolas.

Patriot 17081777 Haller, Albrecht von. Physician 1825 1899 Weltl, Emile.

Jurist 1819 1890| Keller, Gottfried Poet. Novelist|| 1484 1531 Zwingli, Ulrich.

Religion
Swiss Painters

Source: Biographical Records
Name

B.
B.

D.
Name
B. D.

Name 1831 1910 Anker, Albert

1741 1825 Füssli (Fusely), J. H. 1828|1905 Koller. Rudolf 1828 1890 Bocion, f. L. D. 1813 1871 Girardet, Charles

1702 1798 Liotard, Jean Etienne 1827 1901 Boecklin, Arnold 1806 1874 Gleyre, Charles

1794 1835 Robert, Leopold 1850 1921 Burnand, Eugene 1736 1813 Gral, Anton

1858 1899 Segantini, Giovanni 1810 1864 Calame, Alexandre 1853 1918 Hodier, Ferdinand 1862 1912 Welti, Albert 1802) 1877 Diday, Francois Sculptor (1820-1891) Vela, Vicenso Ancient Authors, Greek (B. C. years are in bold face.)

Source: Historical Records
B. D. Name. Subj. B. D. Name. Subj. B.) D.

Na me. Subj. 389 314 Aeschines.

Orat. 450 .. Empedocles. Philos. 207 122 Polybius.. Hist. 525 456 Aeschylus.

Dram.
118 Epictetus.

Stoic. 570 500 Pythagoras. Philos 550 Aesop Tales 342 270 Epicurus.

600
Philos.
Sappho.

Poet. 563 478 Anacreon. Poet 480 406 Euripides. Dram

556 469 Simonides

Poet 500 428 Anaxagorus. Philos. 576 480 Heraclitus. Philos. 495 405 Sophocles,

Drama Physi. 287212 Archimedes.

484 424 Herodotus,
Hist. 63 24 Strabo.

Geog. 448 380 Aristophanes Dram.

735 Hesiod..
Poet. 600 540 Thales.

Philos. 384 322 Aristotle.

Philos. 460 377 Hippocrates. Medio. 530 460 Themistocles Philos

Antiq. 194 Athenaeus.

9621927 Homer..

Poet.
255 Theocritus,

Poet. 460 370 Democritus. Phllos. 436 338 Isocrates.

Orat. 382 287 Theophrastus. Phllos 310 2401Callimachus. Poet. 342 292 Menander..

Dram. 471401 Thucydides. Hist, 382 322 Demosthenes. Orat. 522 443 Pindar.

Poet. 280
Timon...

Philos Hist. 50 13 Diodorus.

4291347 Plato.

Philos. 490
Zeno.

Philos 7 Dionysius.

(Hist.
49/120 Plutarch.

Biog 430 357 Xenophon, Hist.
Ancient Authors, Latin (B. C. years are in light face)

Source: Historical Records B.

Name
D.

Subj.
B.D. Name

B. D.
Subj.

Name Subj. Hist. 330 390 Ammianus, M.

59 17 Livy..
Hist. 35 95 Quintilian.

Critic.
Satir,

38 125 200 Apuleius

65 Lucan
Poet. 86 34 Sallust.

Hist.
Satir. 180 103 Lucilius.

Satir. 130' 175| Aulus Gellius..

5 65 Seneca..

Moral. Philos. 96 52 Lucretius

Philos. 475 524 Boethius.

25 100 Silius, .

Poet, Hist. 43 104 Martial.

Poet. 61 102 44 Caesar, Julius

96 Status

Poet. Orat. 232 147 Cato, the Elder.

100
30 Nepos
Hist. 70 150 Suetonius.

Biog. 87 54 Catullus... Poet. 43 18 Ovid..

Poet. 55 117 Tacitus..

Hist. 43 Cicero. Orat.

Satir. 107

34 62 Persius..

185 159 Terence.

Dram, Poet. 365 408 Claudian..

264 184 Plautus.
Dram 54 18 Tibullus.

Poet. 8 Horace

Poet. 65

23/ 79 Pliny.
Natur 7019 Vergil.

Poet. gir 60 140 Juvenal

62113 Pliny the Youn'r. Fasays. 701 16 Vitruvius.. Arch. Tacitus, the son-in-law of Agricola, left an account of the German people, based on his own travels and partly on Caesar and other authorities. He was famous as an orator and historian.

1829

Illustrious Men and Women of Russia

Sources: Soviet Government Records
Bora Died
Name
Subject Boro Dled

Name

Subject 1817 1900 Alvazovsky, Ivan K....Painter

1663? 1729 Menshikov, Alex. D. Statesman 1791 1859 Aksakov, Sergei T Author

1842 1904 Mikhailovsky, Nicholas. Critic 1871 1919 Andreyev, Leonid N. Author

1845 1900 Muravier, Michael N.,Statesman 1843 1902 Antokolsky, Mark M. Sculptor

1835 1881 Mussorgsky, Modest P. Composer 1671 1728 Apraksin, Feodor M.. Statesman

1862 1887 Nadson, Sernen Y.. Poet 1841 1893 Apukhtin, Alexel N... Poet

1821 1877 Nekrasov, Nicholas A. Poet 1861 1906 Arensky, Anton S.. Composer

1848 1936 Nemirovitch-Danchen1846 1924 Arkhangelsky, Alex. A.. Composer

ko, Vasili I.

Author 1765 1812 Bagration, Peter I.. Painter

1824 1861 Nikitin, Ivan S.

Poet 1866 ? 1924 Bakst, Leon S.... Painter

1605 1681 Nikon (Nikita Minin) Patriarch 1836 1910 Balakirev, Mlly A..... Composer 1744 1818 Novikov, Nicholas I....Statesman 1746 1819 Baranov, Alexander A. . Statesman 1737 1808 Orlov, Alexei G., Count Soldier 1761 1818 Barclay de Tolly, M. A. Soldier

1823 1886 Ostrovky, Alexander... Dramatist 1860 1884 Bashkirtseva, Maria. ... Author: Painter||1743 1817 Oushakov, Feodor F... Admiral 1857 1927 Bekhterev, Vladimir M. Neuropatholog. 1860 1941 Paderewski, Ignace Jan Polish States 1811 1848 Belinsky, Vissarion G. Critic

man, Pianist 1779 1852 Bellingshausen, Faddel. Explorer

1718 1785 Panin, Nikita I... Statesman 1870 1928 Benois, Alex. N.. Soldier

1849 1936 Pavlov, Ivan P.

Physiologist 1681 1741 Bering. Vitus J.

Explorer

1885 1931 Pavlova, Anna M.. Dancer 1897 Bestuzhev-Ryumin, K.. Historian 1822 1910 Petipa, Marius I.. Ballet-master 1880 1921 Blok, Alexander A. Poet

1810 1881 Pirogov, Nicholas I. Surgeon 1834 1887 Borodin, Alexander P. Composer

1820 1881 Pisensky, Alexei F Author 1751 1825 Bortnyansky: Dimitri. Composer

1857

1918 Plekhanov, Georgt V Writer 1799 1852 Brullov, Karl P.

Painter

1859 1905 Popov, Alexander 8 Inventor 1873 1938 Challapin, Feodor I Singer

1739 1791 Potemkin, G. A., Prince Statesman 1835 1918 Cui, César A

Composer 1839 1888 Przhevalsky, Nicholas. Explorer 1801

1872 Dal, Vladimir I.. Lexicographer 1799 1837 Pushkin, Alexander S... Poet 1813 1869 Dargomizhsky, Alex, Composer

1866 1920 Rebikov, Vladimir I... Composer 1744 1810 Dashkova, Ekaterina R. Littérateur 1844 1930 Repin, Ilya Y.

Painter 1743 1816 Derzhavin, Gavrila R... Poet

1844 1908 Rimsky-Korsakov, N.. Composer 1872

1929 Diaghilev, Sergei P..... Ballet Producer 1856 1919 Rozanov. Vasili . Author 1821 1881 Dostoyevsky, Feodor M. Author

1848 1909 Rozhestvensky, Zinovi Admiral 1560 ? 1633 Fllaret (Feo. Romanov) Patriarch

1829 1894 Rubinstein, Anton G... Composer 1745 1792 Fonvizin, Denis I..., Author

1835 1881 Rubinstein, Nicholas G. Musician 1865

1936 Glazunov, Alexander K. Composer 1370 1430 Rublyov, Andrei... Ikons Painter 1803

1857 Gunka, Michael I.. Composer 1725 1796 Rumyantsev-Zadunal1809 1852 Gogol, Nicholas V. Author

sky, Peter A., Count.Statesinan 1870 1940 Goldman, Emma. Anarchist

1854 1915 Savina, Maria G.

Actress 1862 1916 Golitzin, Boris, Prince.. Physicist

1871 1915 Scriabin, Alexander N. Composer 1643 1714 Golitzin, Vasil, Prince..Statesman 1763 1831 Senyayin, Dimitri N. Admiral 1776 1831 Golovnin, Vasil M. Admiral

1820 1871 Serov, Alexander N... Composer 1812 1891 Goncharov, Ivan A. Author

1865 1911 Serov, Valentin A... Painter 1868 1936 Gorky, Maxim..

Author

1788 1863 Shchepkin, Michael S. Actor 1795 1829 Griboyedov, Alex. S. Dramatist

1652 1719 Sheremetev, Boris, count Soldler 1853 1934 Grot, Konstantin Y Lexicographer 1844 1918 Sheremetev, Serg., count Historian 1780 1853 Haas, Feodor P. Philanthropist 1814 1861 Shevchenko, Taras.. Ukraine's Poet 1812 1870 Herzen, Alexander I.. Author

1831 1898 Shishkin, Ivan I

Painter 1859 1935 Ippolitov-Ivanov, M Composer

1843 1882 Skobelev, Michael D. Soldier 1765 1826 Karamzin, Nicholas M Historian

1820 1879 Soloviev, Sergei M. Historian 1818 1882 Kautruann, Konstantin. Statesman 1853 1900 Soloviev, Vladimir S. Philosopher 1783 1836 Kiprensky, Orest A.. Painter

1772 1839 Speransky, Mich., Count Statesman 1841 1911 Klyuchevsky, Vasily Historian

1863 1938 Stanislavsky, Konst. S.Actor 1874 1920 Kolchak, Alexander V Statesman 1863 1911 Stolypin, Peter A Statesman 1809 1842 Koltsov, Alexel V. Poet

1848 1916 Surikov, Vasili I. Painter 1844 1927 Koni, Anatoli F.

Jurist

1834 1912 Suvorin, Alexei 8. Editor; Author 1853 1921 Korolenko, Vladimir G. Author

1729 1800/Suvorov, Alexander V. Soldier 1817 1885 Kostomarov, Nicholas.. Historian

1843 1923 Tagantsev, Nicholas S. Jurist 1850

1891 Kovalevskaya, Sophia.. Mathematician 1856 1915 Taneyev, Sergel I. Composer 1842 1921 Kropotkin, Peter, Prince Geographer 1686 1750 Tatishchev, Vasili N... Historian 1770 1846 Krusenstern, A. J. von. . Admiral

1860 1904 Tchekhov, Anton P Author 1768 1844 Krylov. Ivan A..

Fabulist

1817 1875 Tolstoy, Alexet, Count Author 1870 1938 Kuprin, Alexander I. Author

1828 1910 Tolstoy, Lev N., Count. Author 1878 1927 Kustodiyev, Boris M.. Painter

1776 1857 Tropinin, Vasili A. Painter 1745 1813 Kutuzov, M. L., Prince.. Soldier

1879 1940 Trotsky, Leon (Lev 1870 1924 Lenin, Vladimir I Statesman

Bronstein)...

Revolutionist 1814 1841 Lermontov, Michael Y Poet

1866 1938 Trubetskoy, Paolo P. Sculptor 1831 1895 Leskov, Nicholas S... Author

1840 1893 Tschaikovsky, Peter I.. Composer 1861 1900 Levitan, Isaak I.

Painter

1818 1883 Turgenev, Ivan S..... Author 1793 1856 Lobachevsky, Nicholas Mathematician 1848 1926 Vasnetsov, Viktor M... Painter 17110. 1765 Lomonosov, Michael V. Scientist

1842 1904 Veresh chagin, Vaslll.. Painter 1855 1914 Lyadov, Anatol K.. Composer

1782 1856 Vorontsov, Mich., Count Soldier 1857 1918 Lyapunov, Alexand'r M. Mathematician 1794 1832 Vorontsov, Seren, count Statesman 1821 1897 Malkov, Apollon N Poet

1856 1910 Vrubel, Michael A.P.. Painter 1848 1904 Makarov, Stepan O.. Admiral

1849 1915 Witte, Sergei Y., Count. Statesman 1845 1916 Mechnikov, Ilya I. Biologist

1847 1894 Yablochkoy, Paul N... Inventor 1819 1883 Melnikov, Paul I.. Author

1847 1921 Zhukovsky, Nicholas E. Mathematician 1834 1907 Mendeleyev, Dimitri IChemist

1783 1852 Zhukoysky, Vasıll A. ... Poet

RUSSIAN LITERATURE AND MUSIC To the western world modern Russian litera- tions. Toward the end of the eighteenth and the ture is chiefly known through translations of beginning of the nineteenth centuries, native comTolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Turgeniev, Chekhov, Gorky, posers began to transform the material of Rusand Andreyev. These classics are still published sian folk song into operas. The greatest of these in the Soviet Union. In connection with the early Russian composers was Mikhail Glinka. centenary of Tolstoy's birth the State Publishing whose works were composed for

the court, the House (Gosizdat) issued the novelist's collected nobility, and the new merchant class. works in 100 volumes.

Moussorgsky, Borodin, and Rimsky-Korsakoff Although one of Russia's youngest arts, music is based much of their music on Russian folk songs. among those most highly developed. It originally The last-named, when a young officer in the navy grew out of the demands of the old aristocracy in of the Czar, visited New York City when his ship the seventeenth century, seeking to imitate the was in that port. aristocratic culture of western Europe. The first Tschaikovsky drew some of his musical inspirabranch of music to reach excellence in Russia was tions from Rossini and Verdi, and several of his the opera. Musicians of the Neapolitan school, compositions were based on Italian national melosuch as Arraya, Galuppi, Cimarosa, and Paisiello, dies. The symphonies of the modern Russian comserving at the Tsar's court, produced Russia's first posers are an entire departure from the styles of operas. These were followed by French importa- Beethoven and Mozart.

Noted French Personages

Source: Biographical Records
Bora Died
Name
Subject Bora Died

Name

Subject 1079 1142 Adelard, Pierre..

Philosophy. 1743 1794 Lavoisier, Antoine L... Chemist. 1820 1889 Augler, (Emile)

Drama.

1621 1695 La Fontaine, Jean de... Fables. 1799 1850 Balzac, Honore.

Fiction,

1818 1894 Le Comte de Lisie.. Poetry. 1594 1654 Balzsc, Honore.

Morals.
1853 1914 Lemaitre, Jules.

Literature 1823 1891 Banville, Theodore de.

Poetry.
1668 1747 Le Sage, A. R.

Fiction. 1862 1923 Barres, Maurice

Literature
18501 1923 Lotl, Pierre.

Fiction. 1473 1524 Bayard, Pierre T. Knight

1635 1719 Maintenon (Mme. de). Letters. 1821 1867 Beaudelaire, Charles.. Poetry

15551628 Malherbe..

Poetry 1732 1799 Beaumarcbais, P... Drams.

1688 1763 Marivaux, Plerre.

Drama 1780 1857 Beranger, Pierre.

Poetry

1637| 1675 Marquette, Jacque Explorer. 1859) 1941 Bergson,'Henri.

Philos.

1850 1893 Maupassant, Guy de. Fiction, 1827 1907 kertbelot, Marcelin. Science,

18031 1870 Merimee. Prosper.

Fiction 1636 1711 Bolleau, Nicolas

Poetry.
1798 1874 Michelet, Jules.

History, 1825 1901 Bornler, Henri de.. Drama

1796 1884 Mignet..

History 1627 1704 Bossuet. Jacques B.. Religion.

1622 1673 Moliere, Jean B

Drama 1852) 1935 Bourget, Paul.

Fiction.

1533 1592 Montagne, Michael de. Essays. 1845 1921 Boutroux, Emlle. Philosophy. 1689) 1755 Montesquieu, Charles de Morals. 1867 1926 Boylesve, René.

Fiction

1810 1857 Musset, Alfred de. Poetry. 1755 1826 Brillat-Savarin. Gastronomist 1739 1794 Necker (Mme.).

Morals. 1707 1788 Buiton, George L. Nat. History. 1839 1903 Paris, Gaston.

Literature. 1509 1564 Calvin, Jean.

Religion.
1623 1662 Pascal, Blaise,

Essays. 1845 1935 Cambon, Jules M.... Diplomat. 1822 1895 Pasteur. Louis.

Science. 1857) 1922 Capus.

Drama
1848 1932 Pau, Paul G..

Soldier 1491 1557 Cartier, Jacques

Navigator
1624 1693 Pellisson.

History, 1579 1635 Champlain, Samuel de.. Explorer.

1769| 1828 Picard.

Drama 1541 1603 Charron, Plerre..

Morals.
1854 1912 Poincare, Henri,

Science 1768) 1848 Chateaubriand, Fr. Phllosophy 18601 1934 Poincare, Raymond Statesman 1762 1794 Chenier, André.

Poetry.
1814 1867 Ponsara

Drama 1786 1889 Chevreud, Michael Chemist.

1849 1930 Porto-Riche, de.

Drama 1619 1683 Colbert, Jean B.. Statesman. 1697) 1765 Prévost (l'abbe)

Fiction. 14451 1509 Comines, Philip

History
1803] 1875 Quinet, Edgard

History. 1798 1857 Compte, Auguste. Philosophy. 1495 1553 Rabelais, Francois. Stories. 1621 1686 Conde, Prince de.. Soldler.

1639] 1699 Racine, Jean

Drama 1743 1794 Condorcet, Marquis de Ppilosophy. 1875 1937 Ravel, Maurice,

Musie. 1767) 1830 Constant, Benjamin Literature 15731 1613 Regnier, Mathurin. Poetry. 1842 1908 Coppée, Francois. Poetry.

1823 1893 Renan, Ernest

Religion 1606 1684 Corneille, Plerre.

Drama.

1585 1642 Richelieu, Cardinal Statesman. 17921 1867 Cousin, Victor. Metaphysics. 1849 1926 kichepin, Jean.

Poetry. 1674 1762 Crebillon.....

Poetry.

1613 1680 Rochefoucauld, Duc de la Morals 1854) 1928 Curel, Francols de. Draina.

1661 1741 Rollin, Charles

History, 1769 1832 Cuvier, George L..

Nat. History. 1524 1585 Ronsard, Pierre de. Poet. 1849 1897 Daudet, Alphonse

Fiction

1868] 1918 Rostand, Edmond. Poetry. 1596 1650 Descartes, Rene.. Philosophy. 1760 1836 Rouget de Lisle

Ijterature. 1713 1784 Diderot, Denis,

Encyclopedia. 1712 1778 Rousscau, Jean J Philos. 1860 1935 Dreyfus, Col. Alfred. Boldler.

1616] 1703 Saint-Evremond.

Literaturu. 1803 1870 Dumas, Alexander Fiction

1737| 1814 Saint Pierre Bernardin. Fiction. 1824 1895 Dumas, Alexander, Jr. Drama.

1675 1755 Saint-Simon.

History 1651 1715 Fenelon, Francols de 8. Relig., Liter. 1804 1869 Sainte-Beuve.

Criticism 1821 1890 Feuillet. Octave, .

Fiction.

1567) 1622 Sales (St. Francois de). Relig., Liter. 1821 1880 Flaubert, Gustave. Novelist.

1804 1876 Sand, George

Fiction 1851 1929 Foch, Ferdinand. Soldier

1831 1908 Sardou, Viotorien.

Drapea. 1844 1924 France, Anatole.

Fiction.

1696 1750 Saxe, Maurice de. Boldier. 1337| 1410 Froissart, Jean.. Chronicles. 1791 1861 Scribe, Eugene.

Draine 1838 1882 Gambetta, Leon, Statesman. 1626 1696 Sevigne (Mme. de) Letters. 1811 1872 Gautier, Theophile Poetry.

1766 1817 Stael, Mme de.

Author 1892 1896 Goncourt, Edmond de Literature.

1804 1857 Sue, Eugene

Fiction. 1830 1870 Goncourt, Jules de.. Literature.

1839 1907 Sully-Prudhomme Poetry. 1787 1874 Guizot, Francols.

History.

1828 1893 Taine, Hippolyte A. History, 1560 1631 Hardy, Alexandre. Poetry, Dr. 1795 1856 Thierry, Augustin History, 1851 1935 Hennique, LOD.:: Dram., Flot. 1797 1877 Thiers, Adolphe.

History 1842 1905 Heredla, Joseph M. de.. Poetry.

1805 1859 Tocqueville. A C. de Fistory. 1857 1915 Hervieu.

Drama.

1611 1675 Turenne, Vicomte de. Soldier. 1802 1885 Hugo, Vietor. Poetry, Flot. 1828 1905 Verne, Jules

Fiction. 1848 1907 Huysmans, Joris K. Fiction,

1799 1863 Vigny. Alfred de

Poetry 1852 1931 Joffre, Joseph J, C.. Soldier

1431 1484 Villon, (Corbier) Francois Poetry. 1753 1800 Kleber, Jean B.. Soldier.

1598| 1648 Voiture..

Poetry. 1530 1563 La boétie, Etienne de ..Morals.

1694 1778 Voltaire, (F. M. Arouet) Fict., Religion 1645 1696 La Bruyere, Jean D.. Morals.

1840 1902 Zola, Emile.

Fiction 1790) 1869) Lamartine, Alphonse de Poetry.

George Sand, novelist and dramatist, was the daughter of Lieut. Maurice de Saxe and his wife, Sophie, daughter of a Paris pool room keeper. When 17 she was married to Baron Dudevant, by whom she had 2 children. Her real name, she said, was Armandine Lucile Aurore Dupin.

[graphic]

French Painters

Source: Biographical Records
B. D.
Name
B. D.
Name

B. D.

Name 1836 1904 Bartholdi, F. A. 1833 1883 Dore, Gustave

1815 1875 Millet, J. F. 1848 1884 Bastien-Lepage, J. 1811 1889 Dupre, Jules

1594 1665 Poussin, Nicholas 1822 1899 Bonheur, Rosa 1852 1931 Foraln, Jean L.

1758 1823 Prudhon, Pierre 1825 1905 Bouguereau, W. 1820 1876 Fromentin, Eugene

1824 1898 Puvis de Chavannes 1851 1933 Carrier-Belleuse, P. 1770 1837 Gerard, F.

1841|1919 Renoir, P. A. 1845 1902 Constant, Benj. 1824 1904 Gerome, J. L

18401917 Rodin, Auguste 1796 1875 Corot, J. B, C. 1628/1715 Girardon, Fr.

1812 1867 Rousseau, P. E, T, 1819 1877 Courbet, Gustave 1839|1883 Goupi, Jules A.

1795 1858 Scheffer. Ary 1817 1878 Darbigny, C. F. 1725 1805 Greuze, J. B.

1863 1935 Signac, Paul 1748 1825 David, Louis J.

,

1813 1865|rroyon, Constant 1783|1856 David d'Angers, P. J. 1780 1867 Ingres, J. A. D.

1758 1835 Verpet, Carle 18341917 Degas, H. G. E. 1755 1841 Lebrun, Marie

1714 1789 Vernet, Claude J. 1799 1863 Delacroix, Eugene 1798 1880 Lemhatre, Ph. H.

1789 1863 Vernet, Horace 1797 1856 Delaroche, Paul 1600 1682 Lorrain, Claude

1868|1940 Vuillard, Edouard 1807|1876 Dlas de la Pena, N. V. 1813 1891]Melssonier. J L. E. 1684/1721)Watteau, Antoine

Bartholdi was the sculptor who made the Liberty Statue now in N. Y. Harbor.

Noted German Personages

Source: Biographical Records

1170

Born Died
Name
Subject Bora Dled

Name

Subject 1840 1905 Abbe, Ernst Physicist 1812 1887 Krupp, Alfred.

Industry 1207| 1280 Albertus, Magnus. Scientist

1827 1891 Lagarde, Paul de.. Patriot 1769 1860 Arndt, Ernst Moritz, Poet, Patriot 1741 1801 Lavater, Johann K. Essays 1686 1739 Asam, Cosmos D.

Architect 1881) 1919 Lehmbruck, Wilhelm... Sculpture 1692 1750 Asam, Egid Quirin. Architect

1844 1900 Leibl, Wilhelm.

Painter 1685 1750 Bach, Joh. Sebastian. Music

1646 1716 Lelbaltz, Gottfried. von Philosophy 1476 1545 Baldung, Hans

Painter

1729 1781 Lessing, Gotthold E.. Drama, Critic 1779 1827 Beethoven, Ludwig von. Music

1847 1935 Liebermann, Max. Painter 1844 1929 Benz, Carl..

Engineer 1803 1873 Liebig. Justua von., Chemistry 1836 1907 Bergmann, Ernst von.. Surgeon

1844 1909 Liliencron, Detlev von... Poet 1815 1898 Bismarck, Otto von.. Statesman 1848) 1896 Lillenthal, Otto.

Aeronautics 1742 1819 Bluecher, Gebhart L. Soldier

1811 1886 Liszt. Franz..

Music 1827 1901 Boecklin, Arnold.

Painter

1865 1937 Ludendorff, Erich. Boldier 1831 1910 Bodelschwingh, Fried. yon Religion, Edu. 1483 1546 Luther, Martin.

Religion 1575 1624 Boehme, Jakob.

Mystic

1837 1887 Marees, Hans von. Painter 1771 1848 Boyen, Hermann von.. Soldier

1818 1883 Marx, Karl.

Soc. Economy 1833 1897 Brahms, Johannes. Music

1260 1327 Meister, Eckehart. Mystic, Phil 1829 1884 Brehm, Alfred. Zoologist 1497 1560 Melanchton, Phil

Reformer 1778 1842 Brentano, Clemens. Poet

1440 1494 Mernling, Hans.

Palnter 1824 1896 Bruckner, Anton.

Music
1822 1884 Mendel, Gregor.

Science 1811 1899 Bunsen, Robert.

Physicist 1815 1905 Menzel, Adolt von. Painter 1473 1531 Burkmalr, Hans. Painter

1733 1815 Mesmer, Friedrich A Magnetism 1832 1908 Busch, Wilhelm..

Poet, Painter 1800 1891 Moltke, Helmuth v. Soldier 1754 1798 Carstens, Jakob A. Painter

1804 1875 Moerike, Eduard.

Poet 1726 1801 Chodowiecki, Daniel. Painter

1817 1908 Mommsen, Theodor. History 1740 1815 Claudius, Matthias.

Poet

1756 1791 Mozart, Wolgang A. Music 1780 1831 Clausewitz, Carl von. Military

1844 1900 Nietzsche, Friedrich. Phllosophy 1783) 1867 Cornelius, Peter

Painter

1853 1932 Ostwald, Wilhelm. Chemist 14721 1553 Cranach, Lucas.

Painter

1789 1869 Overbeck, Friedrich Painter 1834 1900 Daimler, Gottlieb.. Engineer 17961 1835 Platen, August Graf von. Poet 1606 1695 Derminger, Georg. Soldier

1831) 1910 Raabe, wilhelm. Novelist 1858 1913 Diesel, Rudoll.

Engineer 1795 1886 Ranke, Leopold yon. History 1797 1848 Droste-Huelshod, A. von Poetess

18671 1922 Rathenau, Walther. Statesman 1471) 1528 Duerer, Albrecht.

Painter

1777 1857 Rauch, Christian. Sculpture 1861 1935 Duisberg, Carl. .

Chemist
1873 1916 Reger, Mex...

Music 1854 1915 Ehrlich, Paul.

Science
1816 1859 Rethel, Alfred.

Painter 1788 1857 Eichendorfi, Joseph

Poet
1810 1874 Reuter, Frite.

Poet
1220 Eschenbach, Wolfram von Poet

1803 1884 Richter, Ludwig . Painter 1861 1922 Falkenhayn, Erich vod. Soldier

1468 1531 Riemenschneider, Tilman Sculpture 1829 1880 Feuerbach, Anselm...... Painter

1875 1926 Rilke, Rainer Maria.

Poet 1762 1814 Fichte, Joh..

Philosophy 1845 1923 Roentgen, Wilhelm K Physics 1656 1723 Fischer von Erlach, J. B. Architect 1788) 1866 Rueckert, Friedrich Poet 1819 1898 Fontane, Theodor. Novelist

1777| 1810 Runge, Philippo Painter 1816 1895 Freytag, Gustav

Novelist
1494 1576 Sachs, Hans

Poet 1774 1849 Friedrich, Kaspar David. Painter

1779 1861 Savigny, Fried. Carl von. Jurist 1782 1852 Froebel, Friedrich. Educator 1663 1736 Savoyen, Eugen von.. Soldier 1777| 1855 Gauss, Karl F.

Mathematics 1764 1850 Schadow. Johann G. Sculpture 1868 1933 George, Stefan.

Poet

1755 1813 Scharnhorst, G. I. D. Soldler 1607 1676 Gerhardt, Paul.

Poet

1775 1854 Schelling, Friedrich W... Philosophy 1714 1787 Gluck, Ch. W.

Music

1759/ 1805 Schiller, Friedrich. Drama, Poet 1760 1831 Gneisenau, August Soldier

1781 1841 Schinkel, Karl Friedrich: Architect 1776 1848 Goerres, Jos. von,

Writer

1767 1845 Schlegel, August W. Poet, Transl't 1749 18.32 Goethe, Joh. Wollg. von Poet, Drama. 1768 1834 Schleiermacher, Fried. D. Philosophy 1801 1836 Grabbe, Chr. Dieter. Drama

1833 1913 Schlieffen, Alfred von. Soldier 1791 1872 Grillparzer, Franz.

Drama

1822 1892 Schlemann, Heinrich. Archaeology 1785 1863 Grimm, Jakob.

Essays, Fict. 1862 1931 Schnitzler, Artur. Drama, Nov 1786 1859 Grimm, Wilhelm.

Essays, Fict. 1445 1488 Schongauer, Martin Painter 1503 1529 Gruenewald, Matthias. Painter

1788 1866 Schopenhauer, Arthur.. Philosophy 1400 1468 Gutenberg, Johannes Inventor 1797 1828 Schubert, Franz.

Music 1834 1919 Haeckel, Ernst.

Phllos., Scien. 1810 1856 Schumann, Robert .. Music 1685 1759 H sendel, Georg Friedrich Music

1804 1871 Schwind, Moritz von. Painter 1844 1913 Hagenbeck, Carl.

Zoologist

1816 1892) Siemens, Werner von Physicist 1730 1788 Hamann, Johann G Philosopher 1868 1932 Slevogt, Max..

Painter 1851 1930 Harnack, Adolf von Religion

1861 1914 Spee, Maximilian. Admiral 1732 1809 Haydn, Joseph

Music

1638 1701 Starhemberg, E. Graf von Soldier 1813 1863 Hebbel, Friedrich

Drama
1757 1831 Stein, Karl von.

Statesman 1760 1826 Hebel, Joh. Peter

Poet

1831 1897 Stephan, Helmrich von. Postmaster 1770 1831 Hegel, Georg W. F. Philosophy 1805 1868 Stifter, Adalbert.

Novelist 1797 1856 Heine, Heinrich..

Poet
1817| 1888 Storm, Theodor.

Poet 1821 1894 Helmholtz, Hermann von Physics

1455 1533 Stoss, Veit.

Sculpture 1744 1803 Herder, Joh. G. von... Writer

1825 1899 Strauss, Johann.

Music 1847 1921 Hildebrand, Adolf von... Sculpture 1857 1928 Sudermann, Hermann. Drama, Nov. 1847 1934 Hindenburg, Paul von.. Soldier

1839 1924 Thoma, Hany..

Painter 1852 1925 Hoetzendort, FranzC. von Soldier

1842 1926 Thyssen, August.

Industry 1776 1822 Hoffmann, Ernst T. A.. Poet

1849 1930 Tirpitz, Alfred von. Admiral 1767 1810 Hofer, Andreas ...

Patriot

1834 1896 Treltschke, Heinrich von. History 1497 1543 Holbein, Hans ..... Painter

1848) 1911 Uhde, Fritz von.

Painter 1770 1843 Hoelderlin, Friedrich Poet

1787 1862 Uhland, Ludwig

Poet 1769 1859 Humboldt, Alexander von Scientist 1821 1902 Virchow, Rudolf. Physician 1767) 1835 Humboldt, W. von.. Scientist

1455) 1529 Vischer, Peter

Sculpture 1488 1523 Hutten, Ulrich von. Religion

1751 1826 Voss, Johann H.

Poet. Transl't 1778 1852 Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig Patriot

11651 1230 Walther y. d. Vogelweide Poet 1763 1825 Jean, Paul..

Novelist

1813 1883 Wagner, Richard. Music 1859 1935 Junkers, Hugo.

Engineer 1583 1634 Wallenstein, Albrecht von Soldier 1832 1912 Justi, Carl..

Art, Critic 1873 1934 Wassermann, Jakob.. Novelist 1724 1804 Kant, Immanuel.

Philosophy 1786 1826 Weber. Karl Maria von.. Music 1784 1864 Klenze, Leo von

Architect 1733 1772 Wieland, Christoph M... Poet 1571 1630 Kepler, Johannes

Astronomy

1853 1905 Wissmann, Hermann von Explorer 1777 1811 Kleist, Heinrich von. Drama, Nov. 1860 1903 Wolf, Hugo

Music 1724 1803 Klopstock, Fr. Gottlieb.. Poetry

1832 1920 Wundt, Wuhelm. Philosophy 1843 1910 Koch, Robert.

Physician 1759 1830 York, Hang D. L. Soldier 1791 1813 Koerner, Karl Theodor. Poet, Patriot 1838 1917 Zeppelin, Ferd. Graf von. Aeronaut 1440 1507 Krafft, Adam.

Sculpture 1859' 1940' Zimmermann, A. F. M... 'Diplomat Kopernicus, Nikolaus (Nicholas) Copernicus (Prusslan or Polish), astronomer, born 1423; dled 1643.

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