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Reich and Italy were determined at all times to at Boston; five in Newark, N. J.; four in Philarespect the sovereignty and territorial integrity delphia; two in Baltimore; two in Newport News, of Yugoslavia, and, second, that the Axis powers Va; three in Norfolk, Va., and others in Wuhad agreed not to request from the Yugoslav mington, N. 0.; Savannah, Ga., Jacksonville, Government during the war the right to march Fla., New Orleans, Houston, Tex., Mobile, Ala.; through or transport troops over Yugoslav terri- Portland, Ore.; San Juan, P. R., and Cristobal, tory.
Canal Zone; 15 of the Danish ships were tied Germany widened its blockade of Britain to in- up in New York, seven in Baltimore, three in clude Iceland, and extends it to within three Boston, two each in Philadelphia, Los Angeles, miles of Greenland.
Jacksonville and Norfolk, and one each in Port-Marshal Rodolfo Graziani resigned as Chief of land, Me., and Grays Harbor, Wash.
the Italian General Staff and was succeeded by -British warships attempting to intercept a conGeneral Mario Roatta. Graziani's command in voy of four French merchant ships laden with Libya was taken over by General Italo Gariboldi, "important war material for Germany". were who becomes also the new Governor of the fired on by French shore batteries in Algeria. Colony.
The British vessels, it was said, refrained "in March 26-There were outbreaks, because of the the interests of humanity" from firing on the
Axis-Yugoslav pact, among the peasantry of merchantmen, but scored hits on the shore guns. Central Serbia, and the mountaineers of Monte- Vichy said its ships had been passing from French negro.
Morocco to Algeria and denied war materials - Martial law prevailed in several Syrian cities were being transported for Germany. following two days of riots in which 12 persons March 31-The Liverpool Cotton Exchange closed were killed in Damascus and Aleppo.
for the duration. -Japan's Foreign Minister, Yosuke Matsuoka, on -The Continental Oil Co. was promoted by the
his arrival in Berlin from Moscow, said, in a German Government to exercise exclusive conmessage to the German people: “the Japanese trol of German oil interests from the oil fields nation is with you in joy or sorrow." Japan, themselves to the transportation of oil in tankers he said, believes in the Reichsfuehrer and in the to Germany and the distribution of oil within the outstanding qualities of the German people "and country and within the German-dominated conwill not lag behind you in fidelity, courage and tinent. firm determination to arrange the world on the
1941-APRIL basis of the new order." March 27-In Yugoslavia, a revolt occurred, headed
April 1-Congress, in affirmation of the Monroe by Gen. Dusan Simovitch, the Chief of Aviation.
Doctrine, passed a joint resolution declaring that
the The Cabinet of Cvetkovitch, which had put the
Unice States would not recognize "any country into the Axis, quit in a body; Chief
transfer, and would not acquiesce in any attempt Regent, Prince Paul, fled from Belgrade; King
to transfer any geographic region in this hemiPeter II (17) was proclaimed as ruler, and took
sphere from one non-American power to another charge of the army, navy and the government;
non-American power." If such an attempt is a new cabinet was appointed, headed by Simo
made, this government will consult immediately vitch, with Momtchilo Nincich as Foreign Minis
with the other American republics in compliance ter; the Regents resigned; the King appealed "to
with the consultative declaration of the Panama
conference of 1939. all Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to go on with
-Wheat has been planted in the hundreds of acres their normal work." Military mobilization was begun as officers ar
of park lands surrounding the Palace of the rived from Sarajevo, Bosnia, where, on June 28,
League of Nations, at Geneva. The grounds
have been requisitioned by the Swiss State. 1914, Archduke Francis of Austria and his wife were assassinated by Gavrillo Princip, a Serb
- British forces took possession of Asmara, capital student. King Peter took the oath March 28,
of Eritrea. when Gen. Simovitch informed the Reich that
-- Mexico, Cuba, Venezuela, Peru and Ecuador took
possession of German and Italian merchant ships Yugoslavia would faithfully respect "all out
in their ports and held the crews; eight or more standing engagements" and strive for absolute
of the crafts had been damaged by those aboard, neutrality enforced by the Yugoslav Army. In Eritrea the mountain city, Cheren, which had
and several were scuttled.
-Mexico and the United States signed an agreebeen under British seige for two weeks, was surrendered by Italian troops. In Ethiopia, the
ment for the reciprocal use of airfields. British took the Moslem city of Harar. In Libya,
--Gov. J. P. Heil, of Wisconsin, wired the Presi. Italian and German forces occupied El Aghella,
dent for Federal troops, to avoid "bloodshed
and possible loss of life" at the Allis-Chalmers on the endge of the Sirte Desert. -President Roosevelt, at sea, signed the bill mak
defense plant in Milwaukee. The local police ing $7,000,000,000 available at once to produce
had turned fire hose and the tear gas guns of war materials for Great Britain and her allies. their armored riot car on striking members of --Prime Minister Churchill signed in London the
the Congress of Industria Organizations' United agreement whereby the Atlantic base sites in Automobile Workers Union, and the strikers territories under British control will be leased retaliated with rocks, bricks, bottles and eggs. to the United States for 99 years, in return for
More than 30 persons were injured, several 50 U. S. destroyers now serving in the British
--After a sit-down C.1.0. strike in the Dearborn, March_28-In a night battle in the Ionian Sea (in Mich. (River Rouge) Ford auto plant, a general
the Eastern Mediterranean) between British and strike was called there, and 85,000 workers were Italian naval squadrons, in which capital ships
made idle. as well as cruisers fought, five Italian vessels April 2-The Ford and Allis-Chalmers plants suswere sunk-three cruisers and two destroyers. pended production in Dearborn, Mich.,
and MilRome stated that the British lost a heavy cruiser waukee. Both concerns have large defense conand two other craft. London denied any loss of tracts. ships or crews, but said two aircraft were miss- -The British Admiralty announced that a subing British warships, it was stated, sank the marine operating in the Mediterranean had sunk Italian cruisers Pola, Zara and Fiume, and the an Italian submarine and the 3,645-ton tanker destroyers Maestrale and Vincenze Gioberti. The Laura Corrado. Simultaneously, the commanderbattle lasted through the night. At daybrenk in-chief of the East Indies station reported the hundreds of survivors were still clinging to ob
sinking by aircraft of the 1,526-ton Italian jects in the water: 800 were saved. According to
destroyer Pantera. British ofncers their cruiser, Orion, first saw the -The Peruvian Government has cancelled its Italian fleet early on March 28, notified the main contract with the (German) Luftansa Airline, British fleet and spent the rest of that day and has taken possession of its planes. "flirting with the enemy ships, finally "luring": April 3-- Recapture, by Axis forces, of Benghazi, the them into range of British battleship guns, and Eastern Libyan capital, was announced officially then the fight was on. The British called it in Cairo, headquarters of the British Army of the "The Battle of Cape Matapan."
Nile, where it was stated that the evacuating March 29-German planes again attacked Bristol troops had "inflicted considerable casualties" on in & "starvation raid."
the German and Italian troops and tank units as - Germany ordered all nationals out of the Prov- they withdrew from the Mediterranean coastal
ince of Serbia. Italians began leaving by the city of about 60,000 normal population. The hundred and British women also were advised place had been captured eight weeks before from to go quickly.
the Italians when they were fighting alone, beMarch 30-Under authority of the 1917 Espionage fore the Germans joined them in the African Act, and because of information that crews on campaign. Italian and other interned ships were secretly -In Budapest, Count Paul Teleki, 61, Premier of disabling the engines therein, the U. S. Coast Hungary, was found dead in his bed. A governGuard seized 28 Italian, two German and 35 ment announcement said he committed suicide by Danish ships under German control, and detained shooting himself. those aboard; one Italian vessel was taken over I --In Yugoslavia, Vladimir Matchek, political leader of the Croats, informed the government he would rejoin it and accept the post of First Vice Premier He called upon the military eligibles of his people to enter wholeheartedly into the general mobilization for the defense of the land against the threat of aggression. German and Italian diplomatic staffs quit Bel
grade. April 4-German armed forces moved toward Yugoslavia through Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria; four divisions of Tyrolean mountaineers passed into Italy. Hungarian roads and railroads are choked with troops and equipment moving southward to take up positions in forts near Szeged, Mohacs and Nagy Kanizsa; two German divisions passed through Budapest in a stream of arms, men and armored cars, into the Tisza Valley toward the Yugoslav Banat. From the Carpathian Range they are crossing Slovakia into Ruthenia. Every train from Belgrade was crowded with refugees. -Germany and France signed an agreement by which unoccupied France will send to occupied territory 755.000 head of cattle, 600,000 head of pigs and calves, 36,000 tons of vegetable oil, 100,000 tons of salt, 60,000 tons of fresh vegetables, 8,000 tons of cheese and 643,450 gallons of wine. Occupied France will send in return 800,000 tons of grain, 200,000 tons of sugar,
100.000 tons of bran and 800,000 tons of potatoes. -German planes raided Bristol, England: British
planes attacked Brest. In the Mediterranean
Italian protests against the seizure of Axis ships
possible their navigation. April 5-The encirclement of Yugoslavia by German armed forces proceeded; eight new divisions jammed the Hungarian roads, armored unit concentrated at Bela Crkva, on the Rumanian frontier one and one-half hours from Belgrade, and the first Reich troops entered Albania, some
of them by airplane transports. -Russia and Yugoslavia signed, in Moscow, a five
year friendship and non-aggression pact, in which it was stipulated that in the event of aggression against one of the contracting parties on the part of a third power, the other contracting party undertakes to observe a policy of friendly relations towards that party.' - In Italian East Africa, British forces took Adowa and Adigrat; in Ethiopia, British South African troops crossed the Awash River and got within
80 miles of Addis Ababa. April 6-Chancellor Hitler, in an Order of the Day to the Gerinan Army of the East (broadcast at 5 a.m, by Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels)
proclaimed war on Yugoslavia. -The Yugoslav government moved to Vranes, 75
miles south of Sarajevo. German planes bombed Belgrade. The Gerr an troops "advanced on all fronts" but met "strong resistance, particularly in the Struma Valley, where Britain's Australasian soldiers had been stationed. Athens said some areas in Thrace and Macedonia had been
taken by the enemy. --Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, was sur
rendered to the British without resistance. It had been occupied by the Italians since May 5,
1936. -In Cyrenaica, Italian and German armored and
motorized forces occupied Barca and Tokra. April 7-In Greece, Axis forces occupied Western Thrace, to the sea, near the Turkish border. German planes again bombed Belgrade; British planes attacked Sofia, and, in Albania, with Yugoslav aid, they raided Scutari Italian aircraft shelled Cattara and the air base at Mostar. Greek resistance was concentrated in the narrow Struma Valley and in the steep gorges in Mace
donia. -Britain severed diplomatic relations with Hun
garý, and her planes, with those of Yugoslavia, dropped some bombs on Hungarian border towns. -German planes ranged over the Clydeside, England, and bombed London for the first time in 18 days. Bristol, Liverpool, Ipswich and Har
wich suffered. -In East Africa, British forces took Debna Markos. -President Roosevelt signed the $4,389,284,174
fifth supplemental defense appropriations bill carrying funds for 4,750 new warplanes and
"critical" equipment for an army of 4,000,000 men. The Army gets $4,089, 767,354 in cash and contract authorizations. The balance goes to the Navy, chiefly for ordnance, auxiliary ships and anti-aircraft defenses for merchant ships. He also signed the $1.414,626,838 appropriation
bill for the government's independent agencies. April &-In Greece, the Germans drove down the Vardar Valley, through Guyvgueli Pass, to within 23 miles of Salonika, cutting off the Greek troops in Western Thrace. A German mechanized division, about 11,000 troops, 350 tanks and 3,000 other vehicles, reached the Greek frontier through Yugoslavia late on April 7 and occupied Doiran. A Yugoslav troop withdrawal in South Serbia exposed the Greek left flank. German
forces took the city of Skoplje. -President Roosevelt in a message to the Yugoslav
King promised material supplies. He called the
German attack a "criminal assault."
port of Derna. In East Africa the British cap.
British bombed Kiel, German naval base. April 9-German tank and armored car units advancing southward from Yugoslavia captured Salonika, which had been set afire. Other German forces broke through the Metaxas (Greek) line, took Xanthe and reached the Aegean Sea and still others, advancing across Southern Serbia from Bulgaria had taken Veles and Tetovo and cut the Yugoslavs off from land communication with Greece and their allies there. German motorized and tank units in the group under Col. Gen. Paul von Kleist took Nish. German forces advancing from the Austrian border occupied Maribor and established a bridgehead on
the south bank of the Drava River, -A Berlin communique said 2,000 British troops
and six generals had been captured at Mekili, south of Derna, in Libya, and Italian quarters said Axis forces had reached Tobruk but did not
take it. -Ten U. S. Coast Guard cutters of approximately
the same displacement as destroyers have been
Potsdam also were bombed.
signed an agreement with the U. S. Government
declared the U. $. move unlawful. -German forces occupied Zagreb, where a separate
State of Croatia was set up under Dr. Ante Pavelich and an extremist named Kvaternik, both once sentenced to death by a French court for complicity in the assassination of King Alexander in 1934 at Marseilles. Kvaternik is known
also as Egon Kramer. Ljubljana also was taken. April 11- President Roosevelt issued an Executive Order removing the area at the entrance to the Red Sea from the combat zone which United States ships are prohibited from entering, He created the Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply with price fixing powers, and put
Leon Henderson at its head.
miles southwest of Derna.
Pass, on the Greek-Jugoslav frontier, and advanced into the Allied left flank in the Florina region. On the right flank, German forces driving down the Aegean coast were striking Allied lines near Yanitza, 30 miles west of Salonika Reported contact between Italian units and German forces near Lake Ochrida was co
firmed by the German High Command. -Brest. Merignac, Dusseldorf, Bristol, Southamp
ton, Coventry, Birmingham, Nottingham were objects of reprisal air raids. The Coventry raid was severe.
-The Iraq Parliament has elected Sherif Sharaf in a German communique. Among those killed
as Regent in place of the Emir Abdul Illah, who were Lord Josiah Stamp, banker, his wife and fled when Rashid Ali Beg Gailani staged a coup oldest son, and three of the servants. Lord Auckd'etat last week.
land also was killed. St. Paul's Cathedral was -The strike which began on April 1 at the Ford damaged. Parliament buildings were hit.
auto plant in River Rouge, Mich., was settled by April 17-In Yugoslavia, surrender of the army,
an agreement for an election among the workers. Berlin said, was being negotiated by Germany April 12--German forces in Northern Yugoslavia with Serb military authorities in the absence of took Varazdin, north of Zagreb, and Karlovac, a recognized Yugoslav government, fighting havto the southeast. Italian forces operating in ing stopped on all Yugoslav fronts. Northwest Yugoslavia occupied Ljubljana, previ- -In Greece, where the German forces still are ously taken by the Germans, and were proceeding advancing, and the Greeks are trying to withsouth along the Sava Valley. Susak, Yugoslav draw from Albania, German pressure is reported twin city of Italian Fiume, was taken by Fascist strong in the regions of Grevena and of Servia troops after Yugoslav forces had withdrawn. in Greece and south of Koritza in Albania. In Italian forces have also taken Dibra, on the the last of these sectors, it is stated, Greek inYugoslav-Albanian frontier.
fantrymen with bayonets have been inficting April 13--Japan and Soviet Russia signed, in Mos
losses on the attackers, principally Italians. cow, a five-year neutrality pact, which said: -The Italian forces in Northern Albania, having *Both contracting parties undertake to main- overcome resistance of the Serbs, are now worktain peaceful and friendly relations between ing up the Dalmatian coast toward Ragusa, Rome them and mutually respect the territorial integ- reported. At the same time, the Second Army, rity and inviolability of the other contracting which took Spalato, was moving down toward party Should one of the contracting parties Ragusa. become the object of hostilities on the part of -A German warship in the South Atlantic shelled one or several third Powers, the other contract- and sank the Egyptian steamer, Zamzam, on ing party will observe neutrality throughout the which were several Americans. duration of the conflict."
-Alexander Korizis, 56, Premier of Greece, com-Pope Pius, in an Easter broadcast from the mitted suicide, in Athens.
Vatican, appealed to the belligerents to refrain April 18-Chancellor Hitler flew to Greece to see from the use of "still more deadly weapons"; how things were going on. The German comalso translated "still more homicidal instru- munique said: "By the evening of April 17 the ments.
entire Serb Army, as far as it had not yet been --Belgrade, capital of Yugoslavia, was formally disarmed, capitulated. Fighting in Yugoslavia
occupied by German troops after a four-day thus was concluded at noon, April 18. The numslege, in which several thousand perished. The ber of prisoners and the amount of booty cannot capture of 12,000 Yugoslav stroops, including yet be estimated. The occupation of the remaingenerals and 200 officers, in the Zagreb area was ing parts (of Yugoslavia) is almost completed. also reported.
On the Dalmatian coast Italian troops occupied -Axis forces occupied Bardia on the Mediterranean Ragusa and Mostar, and in an advance southCoast of Libya. British forces along the Allied ward occupied Cetinje." The retreat of the Allies line in Greece began to "withdraw to new posi- left them with a shortened defense line extending tions" after defeating with heavy enemy casual- from the Mount Olympus area on the Aegean ties a crack division of German Schutzstaffel coast to the region southwest of Konitza near troops, the War Office said.
the Albanian border. April 14-The armies on the northern Greek front April 19-In Greece, King George II took personal battled in extreme cold and deep snow in several command of the State and installed Kostas sectors.
Kotzias as Premier in a "temporary" military --Work was resumed in the Ford plant, Dearborn, government. The German communique said: Mich.: 25,000 employees returned.
"Troops fighting in Greece, in a further advance, -In North AfricaItalian-German troops have pushed through the mountains northeast of
crossed into Egypt and taken Solum. They had Pindus. In thrusts past both sides of Olympus seized Fort Capuzzo. The siege of Tobruk con- the rear guards of the British main forces were tinued.
repulsed and the southern exits of the mountains -A steel strike in United States defense work was taken in fighting and sharp pursuit. On the averted by an agreement by the big producers to Thessaly plains the important road junction of raise their workers' pay 10 cents an hour, from Larissa was taken. Mountaineers hoisted the April 1.
Reich's war fag on Olympus'' (on April 16). April 15--The Germans said one of their forces -Chancellor Hitler celebrated his 52nd birthday in had moved southward in Greece and captured the his railway car, at midnight, "somewhere in towns of Ptolemais and Koziani and had then the Balkans” after getting word from his comcrossed the Vistritza River, north of Servia, while manders that his troops had broken through the another force had pushed southwest from Salo- mountain passes and were on the Plains of nika and crossed the lower Vistritza. The Brit- Thessaly. pursuing enemy forces southward. ish covered their retreat with rear-guard action, --London was again raided by German planes. according to Berlin.
Berlin also suffered. Germany and Italy, in personal telegrams to April 20--In Greece, & German column occupied Ante Pavelich by Hitler and Mussolini,
Trikkala, a railway town. A London communi
que said: "Greek and Imperial troops are con-The British Mediterranean fleet destroyed, Lon- tinuing their withdrawal covered by rear guards.
don stated, an Italian convoy of three destroyers By able handling and determined fighting these and five transports between Sicily and Tripoli, rear guards have succeeded in delaying the GerThe British lost one destroyer. Rome said only man advance and have inflicted heavy casualties one Italian destroyer was sunk.
on the enemy.' -The British cruiser, Bonaventure, two years old, - The London Board of Trade declared Yugoslavia
with a crew of 400 men, has been sunk while "enemy occupied territory." protecting a British convoy.
--The advance of Italian forces to the AlbanianPive hundred persons were killed in Belfast, Ire- Greek frontier, whence they had been driven by land, in a night raid by German planes.
the Greeks last Autumn, was announced by April 16-A Berlin communique said: "German Rome. motorized troops advanced to Sarajevo and occu- April 21-A British army of 50,000 to 80,000, made pied the city. Thousands of Serbs downed arms. up largely of Australians and New Zealanders, in Greece speedy troops, in sharp pursuit of and covered in its rear by Greek troops, is fightretreating British and Greek units, forced the ing a slow retreat to the southernmost embarkaenemy to fight near Mt. Olympus and the tion point of Greece. A Berlin High Command mountains west of there."
communique said: "German troops in pursuit of -In North Africa a thrust on Solum by British the defeated enemy in Greece pushed southward
armored units supported by warships was re- far beyond Larissa. Other forces advancing pulsed.
across the Pindus Mountains to the west took a The 1,100-year-old Orthodox Autonomous Monas- mile-high pass near Metsovo. In Albania Italian tic Republic on Mount Athos, Greece, is now troops in a further advance reached the Greek under German military rule.
border at many points." The official German -The Italian Second Army occupied the Yugoslav news agency reported that the air force had
port of Spalato (Split) and Rome appointed Civil sunk five transports totaling 23,000 tons and commissioners for Slovenia and Dalmatia.
damaged four others, all loaded with troops,
in - More than 300 German planes flew over London attacks between Crete and the island of Euboea.
for eight hours, dropping fire bombs and high Nazi bombers were said to be raiding Greek harexplosives. It was the longest and most wide- bors. spread since the war began, and was particularly - Dispatches from Beirut, Lebanon, said that a a revenge attack-a reprisal for the raid by plane carrying King Peter II of Yugoslavia had British aircraft on Berlin's "residential sections reached Jerusalem by a fight over the Mediteron the night of April 9-so it was officially stated ranean, during which an unidentified member of the Yugoslav Cabinet was killed. The plane Machek, the Croat leader, he went by plane to was attacked in the air, it was said.
Egypt. - The Duke of Aosta, Italian Viceroy of Ethiopia, April 26-German parachute troops descended on has refused a demand for unconditional sur- tue isthmus of Corinth, captured it and then render from Gen. Cunningham, leader of the the city of Corinth, preventing the British from British forces in East Africa, who said that he destroying the canal. The Adolf Hitler Division would not be responsible for the safety of the of the Elite Guards, after advancing southward, white population of Ethiopia in territory not west of the Pindus Mountains, had crossed the occupied by British troops.
Gulf of Corinth, entering the Peloponnesus -- British battleships bombed the Mediterranean from the north, and took the port of Patras. The port of Tripoli, in Italian Libya, fired ten tons German war fiag was raised over Olympia, in of heavy shells for 42 minutes and then with- the Western Peloponnesus, eight miles east of the drew leaving seven vessels crippled and the port Ionian port of Pyrgos and 40 miles southwest of in flames, they said.
Patra. April 22 German troops via Larissa, over destroyed -German and Italian light mobile forces crossed roads, took Lamia (at the gate to the mountain the Egyptian-Libyan frontier. pass of Thermopylae) and Volos an "evacuation" April 27-The Germans took Athens without report on the Aegean Sea.) German trops landed sistance, The swastika flag was raised over the from speedboats on the island of Sainothrace Acropolis, Italians had been trying to get to near the entrance to the Dardanelles and also Athens since Oct. 28, but were stopped in Alattacked the British-held island of Lemnos some bania by Greek invading forces. miles to the south, according to Istanbul reports, -Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the BritMeanwhile the Italians are advancing in Greece ish Parliament and the United States and the from the west.
rest of the world by radio that President Roose-Turkey is evacuating the civil population from velt had pledged all possible aid-ships, planes, Istanbul.
munitions, food and a wide sea patrol. If enough -Southern Greece and ships leaving Greek ports of such aid is forthcoming, he added, the British
are being pounded by swarms of Nazi planes are sure to win. attacking ahead of Germany's Panzer divisions, April 28-Col. Charles A. Lindbergh, 39, resigned the Greek Government said. Vessels in the Gulf
his commission as a colonel in the U. S. Army of Athens were bombed and machine-gunned Air Corps Reserve. In a letter to the President without regard for their size.
he said he could see "no honorable alternative." April 23- The Greek army in Epirus and Macedonia
The Chief Executive, in a press conference April surrendered unconditionally to the Italian High
25, had classed Lindbergh as a defeatist and an Command of forces in Albania and to the High
appeaser, and had likened such people to the Command of German forces in Greece.
The copperheads of the American Civil War. These formal terms were signed in Salonika by Gen.
allusions, the Colonel's letter stated, were "imTsola Koglou for Greece, by Gen. Jodl for
plications" attacking "my loyalty to my country, Germany, and by Gen. Ferrero for Italy. The
my character, and my motives. The Secretary pact said: "Cessation of hostilities for German
of War accepted the resignation. troops and Greek troops of Epirus and Macedonia
-Italian aeronautical units (parachutists), Black. stands as agreed upon in surrender terms of April
shirts and infantry troops, took the Greek island 21. Cessation of hostilities between Italian
of Corfu, also Preveza on the Gulf of Arta, thus troops and the Greek Army of Epirus and Mace
occupying a triangle extending from Perat, on donia will go into effect today, April 23, at 6 p.m.,
the southern frontier of Albania, through Yanina except for Greek detachments on the Italian
and Arta to Preveza. Germany, later, occupied front who already have laid down their arms.
the isles of Lesbos and Chios, and Italy took With the conclusion of the present convention of Amorgos and five other of the Cyclades Group. surrender, the convention concluded April 21
--In Ethiopia, British forces took Dessie, 140 miles between the German High Command in Greece
northeast of Addis Ababa. and the Commander of the Greek Army in Epirus
April 29--Capt. James Roosevelt arrived at Chungand Macedonia ceases to be effective."
king, China, in time to experience his first air - Meantime, King George and his Ministers had
raid alarm. He took tea with Gen. Chiang Kaifled by planes to the Greek Island of Crete, 60
shek and wife, and delivered a message of greetmiles to the south. The King there proclaimed
ing from President Roosevelt, his father, who, it the surrender as void and made without his
is stated, has assigned him as a military observer knowledge or consent.
in Africa and the Near East. -German land forces continued their advance
-President Roosevelt announced that U. S. naval down toward Athens through the Thermopylae
vessels were not barred from entering combat Pass. Waves of German bombing planes smashed
zones when needed in the interests of hemisphere at Greek ports and waiting ships in the harbors
defense. London has stated that the area in the of Piraeus, Salamis and Megara and "caused
North Atlantic where there is the highest morconsiderable damage to ships and harbor instal
tality among merchant ships from submarines lations," it was stated authoritatively. The Gulf
and raiders begins just outside the line about of Corinth also was bombed.
400 miles west of the Irish Coast and touches --In New York City, more than 30,000 persons
the usual sea lanes. heard Col. Charles A. Lindbergh address the
--German long-range cannon fixed on the Channel first mass meeting of the American First Com
shores between Calais and Bologne, shelled the mittee. "The British Government," he said,
British coast once an hour, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. "has one last desperate plan remaining; they
---Plymouth, England, was declared an evacuation hope that they may be able to persuade us to
zone. send another American Expeditionary Force to
April 30—British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden Europe and to share with England militarily, as
We well as financially, the flasco of this war.
read a letter in Commons from Alexander Korizis,
Greek Premier, in which the latter agreed to the in this country have a right to think of the
withdrawal of the British force from Greece. welfare of America first, just as the people in
-German war cruisers are roaming the Indian England thought first of their own country
Ocean and have recently sunk more than 57,000 when they encouraged the smaller nations of
tons of ships carrying food to England. Some of Europe to fight against hopeless odds.'
the sinkings are attributed to the pocket battle-Britain's second new 35,000-ton battleship. the
ship, Admiral Scheer. Prince of Wales, sister ship of the King George V, is now in commission, London announced.
1941-MAY April 24-German planes raided Greek ports
Piraeus, Aegina, Elusis, Megara-to destroy, or May 1-Italian forces have occupied the Greek hinder, English, Australian, New Zealand troops Islands of Cephalonia, Levkas and Zanto. In seeking to escape by ships. Berlin said five Cephalonia a full company of parachutists, armed transports were destroyed and ten other large with rifles and machine guns, dropped near the vessels were damaged, also a destroyer. In the the port of Argostoli, while other Italian troops Thermopylae Pass Greek soldiers hindered the landed from seaplanes. advance of the Germans toward Athens.
May 2--Iraq artillery opened fire on British forces April 25-German forces captured Thermopylae at Habbaniyah, an airport 60 miles west of BagPass; German planes attacked, at Piraeus, Volos dad. The Premier said England had violated a and other ports where the English and Anzacs secret treaty, which gave British troops the right were escaping on their troop ships. The trans- to pass across Iraq but not to accumulate there. ports were under a rain of bombs dropped from -Italy is setting up in Yugoslavia, the Province of the air while British planes attacked the German Ljubljana, including that Slovene city. planes. Italian planes also took part in raids on -Civilian evacuation of Istanbul is proceeding. the transports and continued their daily bombing -President Roosevelt called for industrial producof the fortified Greek Island of Crete. Mean- tion on a 24-hour day, seven-day week basis. time Prince Paul of Yugoslavia had fled to May 3-German and Italian troops marched in a Athens where he was a guest of King George. two-hour victory parade in Athens, with a large Thence, after wiring in his mother's name to showing of infantry, tanks and heavy artillery
The Greek army has been officially disbanded. economic collaboration between Japan and -Iraq asked Russia for mutual diplomatic recogni- French Indo-China. tion, which was granted.
-The Canadian Ministry of National Defense -In Italy, the meat ration to civilians was cut stated that 11 Americans, described as "ferry
down from three days to two-Saturdays and pilots" (aviators) on their way to England, are Sundays: rice is to substitute for corn in May "missing, believed lost." All were from the and June. Veal now averages nearly 73 cents a United States and were torpedoed in the Atlantic pound; fresh chickens $1 a pound; cheese and along with 75 members of Canadian military fruit also are expensive.
units. -The British Admiralty announced that it had May 7--Commons, 447 to 3, voted confidence in lost only four transports and two destroyers in Churchill's conduct of the war; the House of the withdrawal from Greece, which began Lords, the day before had sustained the Prime April 24
Minister unanimously. May 4-In Berlin, Chancellor Hitler, in a speech in --The U. S. Navy is taking over the seagoing vessels
the Reichstag, summarizing his Balkan victories, of the Coast Guard, by oral direction of the their causes and results, declared as an "absurd President, who has approved the $3,415,521,750 lie" the statements of "democratic agitators' appropriation for a two-ocean Navy. that Germany intended to do any harm to the May 8-Axis planes bombed the Suez Canal area United States. He called Churchill a "world for two hours, and, according to the Egyptian incendiary” and the most bloodthirsty amateur Ministry of the Interior, damaged the state strategist the world has ever known." Yugo- Railroad, which carries shipments of the United slavia, he said, had fallen a victim to British States and British supplies that arrive over the intrigue. In that campaign, he stated, the Ger- Red Sea route. man forces captured 320,062 Serb soldiers, 218,000 --In Libya, where Australian and British troops Greek soldiers, and more than 9.000 Engiish, are besieged at Tobruk, German infantrymen New Zealand and Australian soldiers-also 500,- varied their daily attack by using flame throwers 000 rifles, over 1,000 guns, "many thousand" ma- towed by tanks, on which the soldiers wore chine guns, anti-aircraft guns, also vehicles and hoods. The Germans shot a 50-foot flame down ammunition. The German losses (killed) in a hole in a concrete outpost in which the defense Yugoslavia and Greece, the Chancellor said, were troops were believed concealed. 1,151 officers and men, of whom 52 were in the Among the recent Atlantic British losses are two air force; 3,752 were wounded; five detachments ships (16,000 tons) "ferrying'' American supplies constituted the force used in Greece. London to England. The convoy was attacked by Gerlater said seven divisions actually were used by man submarines 750 miles east of the southern tip Hitler.
of Greenland. Another British liner, the 10,305-Cologne and Liverpool were objects of reprisal ton Calchas, was torpedoed, about 500 miles off raids by British and German planes.
the cast coast of Africa. - The Greek Navy announced the Germans had May 9—Russia withdrew recognition of the fugitive destroyed three destroyers, five hospital ships, governments of Norway, Yugoslavia and Belgium. 11 torpedo boats and other auxiliaries, more than --London announced April losses of ships due to 30 in all.
German attacks as- British (60) 293,089 tons; -The American Red Cross has lost 11 ships out of Allied (43) 189,473 tons; neutral (3) 5,562 tons; 369 carrying relief consignments across the total (106) 488,124 tons. These figures, not final, Atlantic. No vessel carrying only Red Cross include the evacuation of Greece and Albania, supplies was sunk.
and are exceeded only by those for June, 1940– May 5-An official Italian war bulletin at Rome 528,844 tons, which include the evacuation of said: "In the Alagi sector in East Africa our Dunkerque. The total of the war, to May 1, 1941, valorous troops repelled an enemy attack, in- is 5,832,027 tons. In April, 1917, the tonnage flicting heavy losses. Among the dead were was 852,000. many Jews from Palestine." In that same area, - British troop convoys, on the way from Gibraltar according to the Associated Press correspondent, to Alexandria, Egypt, were attacked by Italian the British are using Garwahli soldiers drawn and German planes in the Mediterranean befrom Indian hill tribes. Among the Australian tween Sardinia and Tunisia. The battleship troops in Greece were Maoris.
Renown was said to have been hit, also other war -During an air raid by German planes on Belfast craft, and the German planes sank 2 merchant and elsewhere in Northern Ireland, in which a ships, it was stated. London denied that warnumber of persons were killed, Eire fire brigades ships or merchant craft had been damaged. from Dublin and Dandalk came across the border -In Egypt the heat has immobilized the troops on and helped put out the fires.
both sides, in the Western Desert. -An Italian force of 400,000 is being evacuated in May 10–Rudolf Hess, 47, deputy leader of the
Albania. Only suficient forces to police the National Socialist party in Germany and Chancountry are being left.
cellor Hitler's personal representative, landed by -Haile Selassie sat again on his throne at Addis parachute in a field near Glasgow, Scotland, Ababa as Emperor of Ethiopia.
after a flight by plane from Augsburg, in -Britain declined an offer by Turkey to mediate Bavaria. His fuel had become exhausted, so he with Irag. It was declared that withdrawal of jumped, and broke his ankle. The identity of Iraq troops from Habbania was an "essential the unexpected aviator was established by phoprerequisite" to any negotiations. The Premier, tographs, etc., which he carried. He also freely Rashid Ali Beg Gallani is said by Britain to be announced, in English, who he was.
He was pro-German. The Iraq forces have occupied taken to a Glasgow hospital, and shortly after Rutha.
was shifted as a prisoner of war."
It was -London stated R.A.F. planes in an attack at Brest stated in Parliament on May 22 that his bailing
had made direct hits on the German battleships out followed pursuit of his plane by a British Scharnhorst and Gneisenau,
aircraft. Hess asked to see the Duke of HamilOttawa announced the loss—the first loss-of a ton. An interview came later. The Duke said Canadian Military unit, in the Atlantic, on the he had no recollection of having ever before met way to England; 75 men were lost.
Hess. The latter was officially labeled by his -President Roosevelt called for creation of the Nazi 'party associates in Berlin as a "deluded
world's most powerful fleet of long-range bomb- seeker of peace." They put him down as a "sick, ing planes.
deranged and muddled idealist, ridden with May 6U. S. Secretary of War Stimson told the hallucinations traceable to World War injuries" people of the Americas, that it was of the greatest and the party declared in a formal statement: importance for this country to use its navy to "This will not interfere with the continuation of assure the delivery of its munitions to Britain the war against England forced upon the German and to secure the seas. It was later officially people." stated at the White House that Mr. Stimson had, -In å two-day (May 10-12) attack on the Thames prior to its delivery, "talked to the President area in London, German planes numbering about the speech."
several hundred, moving in squadrons, damaged -Kermit Roosevelt, son of the late President Westminster Abbey (roof torn open); Houses of Theodore Roosevelt, resigned his commission as Parliament (Commons Chamber smashed to
a Major in the British Army because of ill health. pieces); Westminster Hall (roof burned); British -Joseph Stalin, 62, became Premier of Soviet Museum (Egyptian Section and the Library
Russia, succeeding V. M. Molotov, 51, who had damaged-most of the contents had been moved); served also at one and the same time as Foreign Big Ben, but it still chimes (later stopped and Commissar. He continues in the latter post, to repaired) five hospitals, several churches, and which he was appointed on May 4, 1939. Stalin *mile after mile of houses and shops of poor retains his place as Secretary of the Communist and rich alike" were blasted, burned or damaged. party. The Supreme Soviet has also kept Molo- - There were also British two-day reprisal 'terror tov as Vice Premier. All these changes are
raids on Berlin and other German cities and embodied in three decrees of the Presidium of places in which, as in London, civilians were the Supreme Soviet.
major sufferers. The raids covered every im-Japan and France signed two agreements for portant port in British or German control in the