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Census of Religious Bodies in U. S., 1936

Source: United States Bureau of the Census There were in continental United States in 1936, At the census of 1938 the total expenditures were 256 Religious Bodies with 199,302 organizations and $518,953,571, as compared with $817,214,628 in 1926. 55,807,366 members, as compared with 213 denomi- Under this item are included the amount expended nations reporting 232,154 organizations and 54,- for salaries, repairs, etc.; for payments on church 576.346 members in 1926. Each church was re- debt; for benevolence, including home and foreign quested to report the number of members accord- missions; for denominational support; and for all ing to the definition of membership in that church other purposes. or organization. In some religious bodies the term The value of church edifices in 1936 was $3,411.member is limited to communicants; in others it 875,467, as compared with $3.839,500,610 In 1926. includes all baptized persons; and in still others All figures for 1936 are preliminary and subject it covers all enrolled persons.

to correction. Member

Member-
Denomination

ship, 1936
Denomination

ship, 1936 All demoninations.

55,807,366 Churches of Christ in Christian Union of
Ohio...

3,568 Adventist bodies:

Churches of God, Holiness.

5,872 Advent Christian Church.

26,258 General Eldership of the Churches of God Church of God (Oregon, Ill.). 4,163 in North America

30,820 Church of God (Adventist).

1,250 Churches of the Living God: Life and Advent Union..

352 Church of the Living God, Christian Seventh-day Adventist Denomination. 133,254 Workers for Fellowship.

4,525 Primitive Advent Christian Church..

538 Church of the Living God, "The Pillar African Orthodox Church... 1,952 and Ground of Truth".

4,838 Amana Church Society

847||Churches of the New Jerusalem: American Ethical Union.

2,659 General Convention of the New JeruAmerican Rescue Workers

797 salem in the United States of America 5,099 Apostolic Overcoming Holy Church of God 863 General Church of the New Jerusalem

865 Assemblies of God, General Council.

148,043||Congregational and Christian Churches.. 976.388 Assyrian Jacobite Apostolic Church, 3,100||Congregational Holiness Church,

2,167 Baha'is. 2,584 Disciples of Christ..

1,196,315 Baptist bodies:

Divine Science Church.

4,085 Northern Baptist Convention.

1.329,044||Eastern Orthodox Churches: Southern Baptist Convention. 2.700.155 Albanian Orthodox Church.

3,137 Negro Baptists....

3,782,464 American Holy Orthodox Catholic American Baptist Association. 115.022 Apostolic Eastern Church

1,420 Christian Unity Baptist Association

188 Apostolic Episcopal Church (The Holy Colored Primitive Baptists

43,897 Eastern Catholic and Apostolic OrDuck River and Kindred Associations

thodox Church)..

6,389 of Baptists (Baptist Church of Christ) 7,951

Bulgarian Orthodox Church

969 Free Wlil Baptists.

76,643 Greek Orthodox Church (Hellenic) 189,368 Feneral Baptists

36,573 Holy Orthodox Church in America General Six Principle Baptists. 294 (Eastern Catholic and Apostolic).

804 Independent Baptist Church of America 129 Roumanian Orthodox Church.

15.090 National Baptist Evangelical Life and

Russian Orthodox Church..

89,510 Soul Saving Assembly of the United

Serbian Orthodox Church

20,020 States of America ..

2,300
Syrian Antiochian Orthodox Church

18,451 Primitive Baptists.

69, 157 Ukrainian Orthodox Church of America 11,480) Regular Baptists. 17,186 Erieside Church

85 (eneral Association of Regular Baptist

Evangelical and Reformed Church,

723,877 Churches in the United States of

Evangelical Church..

212,446 America.. 22,345 Evangelical Congregational Church

23,894 Separate Baptists

5,287| Evangelistic associations: Seventh Day Baptists

6,698 Apostolic Christian Church (Nazarean) 1.663 Seventh Day Baptists (German, 1728) 137 Apostolic Christian Church.

5,841 Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian

Apostolic Faith Mission

2,288 Baptists 201 Christian Congregation

57 United American Free Will Baptist

Church of Daniel's Band,

122 Church (Colored) 19,616 Church of God (Apostolic)

314 United Baptists. 27.000 (hurch of God as Organized by Christ.

361 Brethren, German Baptist (Dunkers):

Hephzibah Faith Missionary Association

709 Brethren (hurch (Progressive Dunkers) 30,636 Metropolitan Church Association.

961 Church of the Brethren (Conservative

Missionary Bands of the World

222 Dunkers)..... 153,516 Missionary Church Association,

3,648 Church of God (New Dunkers) 549 Pillar of Fire.

4,044 Old German Baptist Brethern (Old

Faith Tabernacle

206 Order Dunkers) 3,589 Federated Churches

88,411 Brethren, Plymouth (8 bodies).

25,806 Fire Baptized Holiness Church of the Brethren, River:

Americas.

1,973 Old Order or Yorker Brethren 291 Free Christian Zion Church of Christ,

1,840 Brethren in Christ

5.495 Friends: United Zion's Children... 1.240 Friends (Primitive).

14 Buddhist Mission of North America,

14.3% Orthodox Conservative Friends (WIICatholle Apostolic Church.. 2,577 burite).

3,351 Christadelphians.. 2.755 Society of Friends (Hicksite).

14.680 Christian and Missionary Alliance, 32,145 Society of Friends (Orthodox).

75,652 Christian Nation Church... 112 Holiness Church,

404 Christian Union.. 6,124 House of David

167 Christ's Sanctified Holy Church..

665 House of God, Holy Church of the Living Church of Armenia in America,

18,787 God, the Pillar and Ground of the Truth, Church of Christ (Holiness) U. S. A 7,379 House of Prayer for All People.

200 Church of Christ, Scientist.. 268,915 House of the Lord..

302 Church of Eternal Life. 128|Church of Illumination,

250 Churches of God:

Independent Churches.

40.276 Church of God.. 44,818 | Independent Negro Churches

12,337 Church of God (Headquarters. Ander

International Church of the Foursquare son, Ind.) 56,911 Gospel.

16,147 Church of God (Salem, W. Va).

1,154 Italian bodies: (Original) Church of God.

2,269 General Council of the Italian Pente(Tomlinson) Church of God 18.351 costal Assemblies of God

1.547 Church of God and Saints of Christ

37.084 Unorganized Italian Christian Churches Church of God in Christ. 31.564 of North America.

9,567 Church of the Full Gospel, Incorporated 300 Jewish Congregations,

4,641.184 Church of the Gospel... 73 Kodesh Church of Immanuel

562 Church of the Nazarene.

136,227 Latter-day Saints: Church of Revelation. 345 Church of Christ (Temple Lot)

689 Churches of Christ.

309,551 Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonites). 1,639

329

CENSUS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES IN U. S., 1936 (Continued)
Member-

Member
Denomination

ship, 1936
Denomination

ship, 1936 Church of Jesus Christ (Cutlerites).

31 Reformed New Congregational MethoChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day

dist Church Saints.

678,217 Reformed Zion Union Apostolic Church 5,035 Church of Jesus Christ (Strangites).

123 Union American Methodist Episcopal Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of

Church.

9,369 Latter Day Saints.

93,470 Wesleyan Methodist Connection (or Latter House of the Lord, Apostolic Faith 29 Church) of America..

22,017 Liberal Catholic Church.

1,527 Moravian bodies: Lithuanian National Catholic Church of

Bohemian and Moravian Brethren America... 2.904 Churches

285 Lutherans:

Evangelical Unity of Bohemian and American Lutheran Conference:

Moravian Brethren in North America 5,330 American Lutheran Church. 499,899 Moravian Church in America...

30,904 Evangelical Lutheran Augustana

National David Spiritual Temple of Christ
Synod of North America...
327,472 Church Union.

1,880 Norwegian Lutheran Church or New Apostolic Church.

6,147 America..

516,400||Old Catholic Churches in America: Lutheran Free Church 47,140 American Catholic Church.

1,333 United Danish Evangelical Lutheran

American Old Catholic Church (Incor-
Church in America
33,531 porated)....

452 Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Con

North American old Roman Catholic ference of North America:

Church

14,985 Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Mis

Old Catholic Church in America.

5,470 souri, Ohio, and Other States. 1,192,553|Pentecostal assemblies: Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of

Pentecostal Fire Baptized Holiness
Wisconsin and Other States.
235,402 Church

1,348 Slovak Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Church of God in Christ (Penecostal).

210 of the United States of America.. 18,910 Pentecostal Assemblies of Jesus Christ. 16,070 Norwegian Synod of the American

International Pentecostal Assemblies... 6,333 Evangelical Lutheran Church.

7.632 Penetecostal Assemblies of the World.. 5,713 Negro Mission of the Synodical Con

Pentecostal Church of God of America. 4.296 ference. 8.985 Pentecostal Church, Incorporated

9.681 United Lutheran Church in America." 1,286,612 Calvary Pentecostal Church. IncorChurch of the Lutheran Brethren of

porated....

1,046 America 2,066 Pentecostal Hollness Church.

12,955 Evangelical Lutheran Church of Amer

Pilgrim Holiness Church

20,124 ica (Elelsen Synod).

831 | Polish National Catholic Church of Finnish Apostolic Lutheran Church of

America ..

63,366 America

16,293|Presbyterian bodies: Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church

General Synod of the Associate Reof America, or Suomi Synod 21,466 formed Presbyterian Church...

21,981 Finnish Evangelical Lutheran National

Synod of the Associate Presbyterian Church of America. . 6,157 Church of North America

308 Icelandic Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Colored Cumberland Presbyterian in North America.. 1,808 Church.

10,668 Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church

Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

49,975 In America..

16,057 Presbyterian Church in the United Protestant Conference (Lutheran). 3,353 States.

449,045 Independent Lutheran Congregations. 2,423 Presbyterian Church in the United Mayan Temple..

1.053
States of America

1,797,927 Mennonite bodies:

Reformed Presbyterian Church in Central Conference of Mennonites.

3,434 North America, General Synod..... 1,686 Church of God in Christ (Mennonite) 2,024 Orthodox Presbyterian Church

4,710 Conference of the Defenseless Men

Synod of the Reformed Presbyterian nonites of North America.

1,184
Church of North America ...

6,386 Evangelical Mennonite Brethren Con

United Presbyterian Church of North ference 1,432 America .....

170,967 Conservative Amish Mennonite Church 2,538 Protestant Episcopal Church.

1,735,335 General Conference of the Mennonite

Reformed bodies: Church of North America .. 26,535|| Christian Reformed Church.

107,993 Hutterian Brethren, Mennonites.

501 Free Magyar Reformed Church in Krimmer Mennonite Brueder-Gemeinde 1,283 America

7,165 Mennonite Brethren in Christ. 7,841 Reformed Church in America.

184,536 Mennonite Brethren Church of North

Reformed Episcopal Church

7.656 America 7,596 Roman Catholic Church,

19,914,937 Mennonite Church 46,301 Salvation Army,

103,038 Mennonite Kleine Gemeinde.

275|Scandinavian Evangelical bodies: Old Order Amish Mennonite Church.

9.887 Norwegian and Danish Evangelical Old Order Mennonite Church (Wisler). 1,822 Free Church Association of North Reformed Mennonite Church.. 1,044 America.

3,989 Stauffer Mennonite Church.

161 Evangelical Free Church of America.. 8,857 Unafllated Mennonite Congregations. 480 Evangelical Mission Covenant Church Methodist bodies:

of America.

43,981 African Methodist Episcopal Church.. 493,357 ||Schwenkfelders.

1,896 African Methodist Episcopal Zlon

Social Brethren..

788 Church..

414,244 Spiritualists: African Union Methodist Protestant

General Assembly of Spiritualists..

2,894 Church

4,239 National Spiritual Alliance of the Apostolic Methodist Church.

31
United States of America,

1.845 Colored Methodist Episcopal Church.. 269,915

National Spiritualist Association

11.266 Colored Methodist Protestant Church

216
Progressive Spiritualist Church.

11,347 Congregational Methodist Church..... 8,293 | Triumph the Church and Kingdom of Free Methodist Church of North Amer

God in Christ.

69 ica..

37 587 ||Unitarians.. Hollness Methodist Church.

59,228 239||United Brethren bodles: Independent African Methodist Epis

Church of the United Brethren in Christ 376,905 copal Church.... 1,064 United Christian Church,

591 Methodist Episcopal Church..

3,509,763 Church of the United Brethren in Christ Methodist Episcopal Church, South... 2,061,683 (Old Constitution)

15,401 Methodist Protest Church

148.288 United Holy Church of America, IncorNew Congregational Methodist Church 1,449 porated

7,535 Primitive Methodist Church in the United Society of Believers (Shakers).

92 United States of America... 12,395 Universal Emancipation Church.

18 Reformed Methodist Church. 288||Universalist Church.

45,853 Reformed Methodist Union Episcopal Vedanta Society...

628 Church.. 1.836llvolunteers of America.

7.923

Construction and Housing in the United States

Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics

NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES PROVIDED FOR IN NEW DWELLINGS IN 257

IDENTICAL CITIES
Number of families provided for in

Percentage of families provided

for in Multi

MultiYear All types

1-family 2-family family 1-family 2-family family of dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings

(2)

(1)

(2) 1922 377,305 179,364 80,252 117,689

47.5
21.3

31.2 1923. 453,673 207.632 96,444

149,597

45.8
21.2

33.0 1924 442,096 209,578 94,717 137.801 47.4

21.4

31.2 1925 491.032 225,222 86,133 179,677

45.9
17.5

36.6 1926. 462,208 188,074 64,131 210,003

40.7
13.9

45.4 1927 406,095 155,512 54,320 196,263

38.3
13.4

48.3 1928 388.678 136,907 43,098 208.673

35.2
11.1

53.7 1929 244,394 98,164 27,512 118,718 40.2

11.2

48.6 1930 125,315 57,311 15,145 52,859

45.7
12.1

42.2 1931 98,158 48,310 11,310 38,538

49.2
11.5

39.3 1932 27.380 19,524 3,400 4,456

71.3
12.4

16.3 1933. 25,885 14,443

2,128
9,314
56.8

8.2

36.0 1934 20,952 12,570

1.446
6,936
60.0

6.9

33.1 55,490 31,021 3,008 21.461

55.9

5.4

38.7 1936, 113,646 59,099

5.261 49,286

52.0

4.6

53.4 1937 117,323 66,232 7,335 43,756 56.5

6.2

37.3 1938 157.008 78.582

7,759 70,667

50.1

4.9

45.0 1939. 203.392 117.693 16,302 69,397

57.8

8.1

26.7 1940. 221,449 140,773 21,458 59,218

63.6

9.7

34.1 1 Includes 1- and 2-family dwellings with stores. 2 Includes multifamily dwellings with stores.

1935

No.

ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION, FAMILIES PROVIDED FOR, AND INDEX NUMBERS THEREOF, IN 257 IDENTICAL CITIES; (1921=100)

New Total building New residential nonresidential Additions, altera. operations

buildings

buildings tions, and repairs Year Estimated Inder Estimated

(Index

Estimated Index Estimated Indes expenditure

expenditure No. expenditure No. expenditure No. 1022

$2,767,782,634 150.6 $1,614,891,486 172.9 $869,512.807 137.8 $283,378,341 103.9 1923.

3,398.884,406 184.9 1,998,393,400 214.0 1,065,624,238 168.8 334,866,768 122.7 1924.

3,508,266,587 190.9 2,038,427,392 218.3 1,125,290,699 178.3 344,548,496 126.3 1925

4,028,066,479 219.2 2,390,390,182 256.0 1,300,494,326 206.0 337.181,971 123.6 1926

3,826,927,204 208.2 2,222,874,645 238.0 1,262,736,028 200.1 341,314,531 |125.1 1927

3,478,604.263 189.3 1,906,003,260 204.1 1,231,785,870 195.2 340,815,133 124.9 1928.

3,304,699,712 179.8 1,859,423,751 199.1 1,135,569,986 179.9 309,705,975 113.5 1929

2,933,212,041 159.6 1,433,715,542 153.5 1,147,796,781 181.9 351,699,718 128.9 1930 1,697,724,944 92.4 601,269,847 64.4 849,386.873 134.6 247.068,224

90.6 1931.

1,237,457,788 67.3 426,270,111 45.6 622,830,444 98.7 188,357,233 69.0 1932, 481.219,448 26.2 103,445,244

11.1 275,509,435 43.7 102,264,769 37.5 382,279,434 20.8

91,345,258 9.8 183,006,040 29.0 107,928,136 39.6 379,231,145

20.6

76,622,261 8.2 166,360.807 26.4 136,248,077 49.9 1935.

655.210.192 35.7 211.895,852 22.7 260,118.322 41.2 183.196,019 67.2 1936

1.042,330,512 56,7 458,067,757 49.1 347,024,011 55.0 237,238,744 87.0 1937 1,177,487,677 64.1 475,949,455

51.0

421,171,854 67.2 277,366,368 101.7 1938. 1.173.921,972

63.9

577.819,938 61.9 369.398.168 58.5 226,703,966 83.1 1939,

1,398,020,069 76.1 754,471,224 80.8 398,430,016 63.1 245,118,829 89.9 1940.

1,760,082,142 95.8 798,709,735 85.5 718,393,314 113.8 242,979,093 89.1

1933 1934.

AVERAGE COST PER FAMILY OF NEW DWELLINGS IN 257 IDENTICAL CITIES (Revised, This table does not show change in cost of erecting identical building, but does show change in cost of such buildings as were erected. Does not include land costs)

Index numbers of cost per new Average cost per new dwelling unit

dwelling unit (1921=100) Year Multi

MultiAll types 1-family 2-family family

All types 1-family | 2-family family of

dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings dwellings (1)

(2) 1922 $4,016 $4,259 $3.568 $3.950

101.7 107.2

94.8

98.3 1923 4,127 4,189 4,185 4,004 104.6 105.5

111.2

99.6 1924

4,361 4,342 4,350 4,395 110.5 109.3 115.6 109.4 1925

4,445

4,593 4,422 4,271 112.6 115.6 117.5 106.3 1926.

4,422 4,763 4,465 4,103 112.0 119.9 118.7 102.1 1927

4,449 4,830 4,368 4,170 112.7 121.6 116.1 103.8 1928. 4,407 4.937 4,064 4,129

111.7 124.3 108.0 102.7 1929

4,565

4.919 4,011 4,400 115.7 123.8 106.6 109.5 1930 4.385 4,994 3,924 3,857 111.1 125.7 104.3

96.0 1931 4,226 4,836 3,607 3,644 107.1 121.8

95.9

90.7 1932 3,705 3,943 3,250 3,010

93.9
99.3
86.4

74.9 1933 3,495 3,845 3,112 3,040

88.5
96.8
82.7

75.6 1934 3,572 4,071 3,338 2,716

90.5
102.5
88.7

67.8 1935 3,779 4,228 2,953 3,245 95.7 106.4

78.5

80.7 1936 4,032 4,357 3,055 3,751 102.2 109.7

81.2

93.3 1937 4,009 4,352 3,102 3,641 101.6 109.6

82.5

90.6 1938 3,644 4.105 2,862 3,217

92.3 103.3

76.1

80.0 1939. 3,673 3,970 2,868 3,359

93.1
99.9
76.2

83.6 1940. 3,562 3,891 2,757 3,073

90.2
98.0 73.3

76.5 Includes l. and 2-family dwellings with stores. 2Includes multifamily dwellings with stores.

Registered Hospitals in the U. S. and Their Capacity

Source: The American Medical Association

Hos

Fla...

Ill....

Bag- Patieots Average

Hos

Bas- Patients | Average pitals Beds sinets Admitted Census

pitals Beds sinets Admitted Census Ala..

91 14,410 578 127.496 11,697 Ohio.. 253 56,426 3,098 487,022 48,762 Ariz. 59 4,972 277 49.989 3.599 Okla.. 130

16,071 760 128, 637 13.057 Ark.. 63 10,793 357 70,145 8,798 |Oreg.

72 11,245 602 100.086 9,481 Callt. 358 79,281 3,504 665,043 64,699 Penn, 354 90,792 4,938 723,209 76,632 Colo... 100 13,832 688 105,027 10,523 R. I... 26 8,389 4191 44,402 6,966 Conn.. 83 19,194 1,047 159,046 16,237 S. C. 62 10,625 428 101,207 9,140 Del...

17 3,196 195 21,587 2,510S. D.. 57 5,623 396) 50,757 3,997 D. ofc 29 15,923 697 120,340 13,683 Tenn.. 103) 16,731 769 152,606 13,794

101 12,939 745 129.708 9,926||Texas. 3461 38,608 2,133 404,640 30,445 Ga..

120 16,448 790 179.882 13,986 Utah. 33 3.768 388 44,927 3,004 Idaho.. 42 3,374 311 38.235 2,703|Vt..

31 4.138 212 32.225 3.412 306 82,025 4,280 702,858 69,731 Va.

110 22,516 773

175,018 19.055 Ind...

135 25,989 1.365 217,118 21,919 Wash.. 118 18.882 1,131 167.278 15.531 Iowa 150 20,734 1,252 176.961 17,107W. Va. 81

10,828 578 130,711 8.663 Kan. 119 15,144 850 125,760 11,872 Wisc... 226 32,052 1,929 270,651 26,422 Ку

99 16,286 672 125,905 13,303 Wyo... 29 2.971 177 21,675 2,187

74 17,767 752 219,214 14,702 Me.

62 7,513 459 59.780 6,502 Totals Md... 77 20,912 830 141,636 17,983 (1940) 6,291 1,226.245 61,939 10,087,548 1,026,171 Mass.. 248 61,318 3,024 424,951 52,809 (1939) 6,226 1,195,026 58.764 9.879.244 996,483 Mich. 242 53,420 2,632 414,094 44,082 (1938) 6,166 1,161,380 56,747 9,421,075 965, 706 Minn. 215 30,381 1,764 272,492 25,679 (1937) 6,128 1,124,548 55,566 9,221,517 944,436 Miss..

94 9,549 435 85,934 7,923 (1936) 6.1891,096,721 54,225 8,646,885 908,516 Mo..

147 32,219 1,574 258, 121 26,305 (1935) 6,246 1,075,139 53,310 7,717,154 875,510 Mont.. 62 5,441 559

61,307 4,212 (1934) 6,334 1.048,101 53,026 7,147,416 830,098 Nebr..

96 10,828 719 85.574 8.580 (1933) 6,437 1,027,046 52,464 7.037,982 810,271 Nev 17 1,054 96 11,232) 815

(1932) 6.562 1.014,354 52,232) 7,228,151 808,445 N. H. 43 5,672 414 43,497 4,546

(1931) 6,613 974,115 51,494 7,155,976 775,396 N. J... 167 46,405 2,319 325,530 38,8871 (1930) 6,719 955,869 49,584

763,382 N. M.. 56 4,2461 268 35.354 2,872 (1929) 6,665 907, 133 47,939

726,766 N. Y.. 571 188,985 8,286 1,329,213 167.075 (1928) 6,825 892,934 43,313 N. C.. 166 20,353 1,010 213,292 15,627 (1927) 6,807 853,318

671,832 N. D.. 51 5,977 459) 56,177 4,731

According to the U. S. Bureau of the Census there were in 1939 a total of 6,991 hospitals, of which 5,350 were General, 485 were Tuberculosis, 594 were Nervous and Mental, and 562 were other.

Beds numbered 1,186,262 (excluding bassinets); admissions in the year were 9,626,682; total patient days, 355, 145,063.

Progress in the Fight Against the Venereal Diseases

Source: United States Public Health Service Unprecedented advance has been made in the grams. It is expected that discovery of venereal United States in recent years in the attack on disease among men of military age will not only the venereal diseases. Among the important in

result in the treatment of many cases and in the dices of progress are the expansion and improve consequent removal of sources of infection, but

will stimulate increased venereal disease control ment of diagnostic and treatment facilities, the

activities in State and local health departments. greater percentage of patients now being treated

Effective community programs-and it is in the in the early stages of syphilis, the greater percen

communities where syphilis is controlled-embrace tage of patients continuing treatment until cured,

nine points listed by the Public Health Service as the increase in the number of States with special

essential. These are: divisions of venereal disease control, the increase

1. A trained public health staff which knows in salutary legislation, and the increasing number

how to deal with syphilis. 2. Regulations requirof States providing free distribution of drugs used

ing reporting and follow-up on all

cases of syphilis. in the treatment of syphilis. While the venereal

3. Facilities for treatment of all patients-both diseases include, primarily, syphilis and gonor

those who can and who cannot pay. 4. Free laborhea, the heaviest attack is being directed at

ratory service available to all physicians and syphilis, as that disease is the most damaging,

clinics. New drugs-sulfathiazol especially-have made an

5. Distribution of free antisyphilitic drugs to all effective attack on gonorrhea possible.

physicians and clinics. 6 Blood tests for all pregOn July 1, 1938, there were approximately 1,750

nant women, and treatment where required. 7. clinics and dispensaries for the treatment of the

Blood tests of all persons before marriage. 8. venereal diseases. These facilities had increased

Blood tests in all complete physical examinations. to more than 3,000 by January, 1941.

9. An educational program. There has been a corresponding increase in the

All present available evidence indicates that number of laboratories, at present over 2,000, for

community programs of this nature will substanthe detection of venereal disease, and in the num- tially affect the statistical picture of syphilis today ber of tests performed. In 1930 only 1,632,000 -a picture which shows that more than 100.000 blood tests were made for syphilis and 605,631

persons die each year from syphilis; one in 10 laboratory tests for gonorrhea, whereas in the cases of insanity is due to syphilis; one in seven fiscal year 1940 the respective figures were 10,216,- cases of blindness is due to syphilis; 25,000 babies 978 and 1,083,086. In 1930 only 880,276 doses of die each year from syphilis; 60,000 children are arsphenamine were administered, as compared born with syphilis each year: 10.000.000 persons with 6,895,837 doses distributed in the fiscal year now have or have had syphilis. 1940.

Money is essential to put into effect in each The serologic tests required to be made by the community programs which will make possible the examining physicians of the local draft boards control of syphilis. under the Selective Service Act of 1940 have The general public and various voluntary and brought to light many heretofore undisclosed professional organizations, led by the American cases of syphilis and gonorrhea. Among the first Social Hygiene Association, began to demand that 1,070.000 men examined between November. 1940, something be done; in 1938 Congress passed the and April, 1941, there were discovered 48,000 cases LaFollette-Bulwinkle Bill It authorized approof syphilis and 15,000 cases of gonorrhea. The priations to enable the Public Health Service to syphilis rates varied from a low of 1.4 per 1,000 aid States in the control of the venereal diseases. for white persons, 43.9 per 1,000 for Negroes, in A sum of $3,000,000 was authorized for the fiscal areas where long continued and adequate venereal year 1939, $5,000,000 for 1940, and $7.000.000 for disease control programs had been in operation, to 1941. Appropriations as authorized were made a high of 53.5 per 1,000 for white persons, 380.4 for the fiscal years 1939 and 1940. For the fiscal per 1.000 for Negroes, in economically and socially year 1941 Congress appropriated $6,200,000 and for poorer States which have had no long term pro- 1942 $6,250,000.

Patients in Hospitals for Mental Disease, Jan. 1, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

States

No.
States

No.
States

No.

States No. Alabama 7,026|Iowa.. 9,308|Nevada...

348|South Dakota.. 1,604 Arizona 903 Kansas. 4,897 New Hampshire. 2,154||Tennessee.

6,219 Arkansas, 5,518|Kentucky 6.880|| New Jersey.. 17,465 Texas.

14,218 California. 25,299 Louisiana. 6.484||New Mexico..

840|| Utah.

1,041 Colorado, 4,716||Malne. 2.729||New York, 76,377|Vermont.

1,839 Connecticut, 7,690| Maryland 9,042||North Carolina. 6,967|Virginia

10,157 Delaware

1.201||Massachusetts. 24.776| North Dakota. 1,900 Washington. 7,058 Dist. of Col. 5.962 Michigan. 17,128||Ohio.

21,253||West Virginia 3,886 Florida. 4,502||Minnesota. 10.9481 Oklahoma.

6,934|Wisconsin.

12.980 Georgia 8,598||Mississippi. 4.735| Oregon 4,688| Wyotning.

1,149 Idaho. 972||Missouri,

12,462| Pennsylvania, 34,215 Illinois. 33.754||Montana.

1.894||Rhode Island. 2,999 Total U. S. 472,385 Indiana, 10,097||Nebraska.

4,085||South Carolina. 4,488 The figures above show resident patients at the end of 1939—400,017 in public hospitals (including 28,653 under care of the Veterans' Administration) and 11,252 in private institutions.

The table above does not include 80,189 mental defectives and 16,286 epileptics in other state institutions.

7,000,000 Enrolled in Non-Profit Hospitalization

Source: C. R. Rorem, Director, Hospital Service Plan, American Hospital Association More than 7,000,000 persons in 30 States had The movement is sponsored by the American placed hospital care in the family budget on July Hospital Association, which, through the Hospital i, 1941through community-sponsored non-profit Service Plan Commission, approves plans which hospital service plans-often referred to as Blue meet certain standards of public service, community Cross Plans-which use the principles of social and participation, hospital sponsorship, and economic private insurance to remove the hazard of hospital stability. Approved plans are permitted to identify bills. The subscribers to such plans represent the themselves by the use of the seal of the American employees of more than 100,000 firms, ranging from Hospital Association superimposed upon a blue corner groceries to nation-wide industrial plants, cross. The enrollment as of July 1, 1941: No. of

No. of
State
Blue Cross No. of Par- State

Blue Cross No. of Par-
Plans ticipants

Plans ticipants New York,

9
1,868,429 Louisiana..

3 Ohio..

8
890.523 Colorado

1

68,824 Pennsylvania.

5
767,401 Rhode Island

1

50,086 Michigan. 436,189 Canada

1

47.963 Minnesota 416.537 Wisconsin.

39,320 Illinois 383,163 Kentucky

34,152 Massachusetts 298,384 Georgia..

33,234 New Jersey. 277,942 Delaware.

32,668 Missouri 242,932 Iowa

30.821 Connecticut 239,765 Maine.

27.224 North Carolina

216,111
North Dakota.

13,671 District of Columbia.

125,000
Oklahoma.

1

13,516 Callfornia.

100,692
West Virginia

13,240 Maryland.

100,000
Tennessee.

1

9,969 Virginia

93,199 Alabama.

73,437
Totals.

67 1,015,177

70.865

The growth by years:
Number No. of Par-

Number No. of ParDate

Date of Plans ticipants

of Plans ticipants 1933

6
6,000 1938,

41 1,950,000 1934.

9
26,000 1939

56

4,030,000 1935

12
97,000 1940

59

5,025,000 1936.

24
370,000 1941

67 7,016,000 1937.

33

970,000 No two hospital service plans are identical, but Many of the "approved" plans are under the they are alike in principle. Each one is a com- legal control of special "enabling acts" adminismunity-sponsored non-profit corporation, the tered by the various state departments of insurance trustees of which serve without pay. The board

and public welfare. Others are organized in accord of directors is selected by or from important with general corporation or insurance laws. In groups in the community, including hospitals, supplement other legal requirements for protection

every instance, the approved plans replace or medical profession, industry, welfare. and labor.

of the subscriber with hospital-guaranty contracts The corporation or "plan" enters into contracts by which the member-hospitals agree to furnish with employed persons who make regular sub- the stated services to paid-up subscribers. scriptions of fifty to eighty-five cents a month an

Blue Cross hospital plan benefits are available in individual, or $1.00 to $2.00 a month a family, into service, not case, but the "service benefits" in a common fund which is used to pay necessary member-hospitals are translated into cash allowhospital bills. Each employed subscriber and his ances in other institutions when a subscriber is family dependents are entitled (in general) to absent from the community where he has enrolled. three or four weeks of hospital care in a ward or Through the Hospital Service Plan Commission, semi-private room, depending upon the subscrip- arrangements were begun in 1941 by which paidtion agreement in each communlty.

up subscribers may transfer from one approved The corporations also enter into contracts with plan to another, also receive service benefits in "member-hospitals" in each community, which out-of-town hospitals. guarantee to furnish the designated services to The 1941 income of Blue Cross plans was approxi. subscribers in need of hospital care, for which the mately $45,000,000, of which 80 per cent was paid institutions receive stated per-diem payments from for hospital care, 10 per cent used for promotion the Blue Cross plan. Subscribers are enrolled on a and administration, and 10 per cent reserved for group basis through their places of employment. epidemics and other emergencies.

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