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U. S. Grain Exports and Imports, by Years

Source: United States Department of Commerce
Wheat
Wheat Flour

Corn

Oats Year (Cal.) Exports Imports Exports Imports Exporte Imports Exports Imports

1,000 bu 1,000 bu 1,000 bbls. Bbls. 1,000 bu. 1.000 bbl. 1,000 bu. 1,000 bu 1920.

218,287 35,809 19.854 800,788 17.761 7,784 12,876 6.728 1925 86,526 13,901 11,119 11,393 12,762 1,086 29,443

178 1927 168,307 11,754 12,823 5,454 13,428 5,458 10.053

85 1928 96,290 18,848 11,852 5,867 25,799

565 10,421 1929 90.130 14,576 13,663 1,944 33.745

407 6,609

112 1930 87,774 19,969 13.060 1,832 6,369 1,556 1,501

183 1931 80,311 15.691

9,654
301 2,700
618 2,121

576 1932 54.879 10,026 5,795

234 7,886

344
3,486

59 1933 8,883 10,318 3,964

849 5,365

160
1,476

160 1934 16.969 7,736 4,163

203 2,987 2.959

141 5.580 1935 233 14,490 4.248 13,322

177 43,242

568 10.107 1936 1,879 52,980 3,660 9.830

524 31,471

517

149 1937 32,378 17,716 4,452 4,978 5,834 86,337 6,727

58 1938 86,981 3,829 5,213 14,289 147,505

404
8,517

7 1939 63,214 6,009 7.946 32,117

490

226

4,293 1910.. 14,379 8,772 5,775 14,643 38,317 1,621

186 12,154 Barley exports (bu.)-(1930) 9,874,000; (1931) | 108; (1938) 125,781; (1939) 776,499; (1940) 1,406,172. 7,851,000; (1932) 7,043,000; (1933) 7,142,000; (1934) Rye exports (bu.)–(1930) 266,000; (1931) '121,000: 5,447,000; (1935) 7,507,000; (1936) 7,376,764; (1937)

(1932) 1,095,700; (1933) 39,871; (1934) 5,647; (1935) 11,473,002; (1938) 16, 129,664; (1939) 5,410,028; 5,353; (1936) 5,504; (1937) 4,261,819; (1938)' 3,347.(1940) 1,402,587.

315; (1939) 86,496' (1940) 889,918.

Rye imports-(1936) 3,889,052; (1937) 206,860; Barley imports-(1936) 8,143,632; (1937) 10,384,- (1938) 2; (1939) 23; (1940) 59,633.

World Exports of Wheat and Corn
Source: G. J. S. Broomhall, Liverpool; figures show thousands of bushels
Wheat Exports by Countries

Named,

Corn Exports by Countries Named and Total for all Countries

and Total for all Countries Year (Cal.) North Argen- Aus

Argen- Black North South Total Am'ica tine tralla Russia Total tine Sea Amica Africa 1925 628,160 365.836 114.748 114.928 11,752 204,554 126,264 39.982 3,594 31.602 1930 672,094 361,606 85,916 76,304 76,544 276,752 183,343 47,114 2,373 29,645 1932 691,133 345,530 128.390 154.930 20,488 374.829 282,038 51,952 4,695 19,009 1933 586.662 234,249 145,163 152,063 22,024 276,320 194,451 56,985 1,779 7,931 1934 520,815 196,600 175,510 97,697 9,656 273,528 218,401 23.022 457 12,309 1935 478,872 146.393 147,109 105,181 22.936 332,413 273,096 10,840

28 21,777 1936 478,892 232,455 57.764 100,073 5,528 369, 156 324,422 17.643 592

5,058 1937 552,418 165,881 152,232 106.534 30.032 458,221 367,543 20,171 4,151 40,997 1938 551.908 213,358 76,218 133,620 49,431 310,309 106.910 13,913 140,478 9,602 1939 553,891 218,683 175,743 72,130 4,496 215,093 125,379 12.498 28, 196 26,478 1940 368,7531 197,2931 135,092

2,3681 133,6731 74,942 4,140 37,1351 9,947
Crop Lands of the World
Source: International Year Book of Agriculture
Arable
Arable

Arable
Country

land
Country

land
Country

land Europe 1,000 acres 1,000 acres

1,000 acres Albania

756
Poland
45,854 Chile..

8,345 Austria 4,873 Rumania 34,446 Peru.

3,553 Belgium 2,622 Spain 38,968 Uruguay

2,839 Bulgaria 8,910 Sweden

9,239 Asia Czechoslovakia, 14,468 Switzerland

1,243 India (British Prov.) 310,585 Denmark 6,561 U.S. S. R

553,296 India (Ind. States) .. 85,756 Estonia, 2,671 United Kingdom

Japan.

14,915 Finland

6,311

England, Wales. 8.799 Java and Madura. 19,269 France

52,222
Scotland

2,968 Syria and Lebanon. 3,328 Germany 47,970 Northern Ireland. 1,114

Turkey

19,143 Greece 5.070 Yugoslavia

18,431 Africa Hungary 13,885 North America

Algeria.

14.759 Ireland 3,232 Canada. 58,269 Egypt.

5,503 Italy 31,992 Guatemala

1,127 French Morocco

17.495 Latvia

5,243
Mexico
11,984 Tunisia

7,250 Lithuania 6.716 United States.

319,841 Union So. Africa 11,989 Luxemburg 274 South America

Australasia Netherlands 2,412 Argentina. 62,818 Australia.

29,343 Norway..... 2,058 Brazil. 22,968 New Zealand

2.046 There are no reliable figures for any year later than 1936, which is the period covered by the above table. The first year of the European war was marked by reductions in the grain crops on that continent.

In 1940 and 1941 there was an increase of production in the Western Hemisphere and also in Asia and Australasia, in order to ship larger surpluses to the countries engaged in the struggle.

Grain Crops of the World Source: International Institute of Agriculture; U. S. Department of Agriculture; figures represent

millions of bushels and include Russia except as noted below Year Corn Wheat Oats Barley| Rye Year Corn Wheat Oats Barley Rye 1905. 3,936 3.309 3.760 1.414 1,519 1933

4,177 4,832

4,271 1,794 1,876 1910. 4.162 3,613 4,288 1.730 1,694 1934

3,292 3,516 4,091 1,640 942 1915 4.422 4.324 4.491 1,873 1.601 1935

4,583 3.582 4.715 2 324 966 1920. 4,735 3.268 4,133 1,465 987 1936

4,064 3,540 3.965 2.258 895 1925 4,314 4.102 4,758

1.694 1937

4.980 5,800 4.842 2,347 773 1930 3.809 4,867 4,820 1.969 1.827 1938

4,875 6,575 4,710 2,411 950 1931 4,484 4,641 4,493 1.678 1.725 1939

5,097 6,225 4,457 2,541 950 1932 4.763 5,582 4,450 1.618 1.909 1940

4,994 6,100 Wheat and rye figures, 1935-1938, exclude Russia and China.

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1.716

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Short tons Short tons Short tons Short tons Short tons Short tons Short tons Short tons 1921-22.

1,091,000 334,000 1,425,000 609,077 405,000 533,189 4,517,470/20,827,000 1922-23.

722.000 302.000 1,024,000 545,606 379,000 475,325 4,083,483 20,866,000 1923-24.

943,000 168,000 1,111,000 701,433 447,200 529,091 4,606,223 23,001,000 1924-25..

1,166,000 90,000 1,256,000 776,072 660,003 779,510 5,812,068 26,930,000 1925-26.

977,000 142.000] 1,119,000 787,246 603,187 607,362 5,523,946 27,757,000 1926-27.

960,000 48,000 1,008,000 811,333 629,133 766,902 5,049,632 27,171,000 1927-28.

1,170,000 72.000] 1,242,000 896,918 748,677 807,814 4,526,879 29,256,000 1928-29.

1,135,000 136,000 1.271,000 899,101 586.760 933,954 5,775,031 30,852,000 1929-30.

1,089.000 218,000 1.307.000 912,357 866,109 983,767 5,231,490 30,785,000 1930-31.

1.293.000 215,000 1,508.000 988,612 783.163 958,032 3,495 292 31,586,000 1931-32.

1,237,000 184,000 1,421,000 1,025,354 992,335) 1.174.311) 2,916,807 29,241.000 1932-33.

1,452,000 265.000 1.717.000 1.035,548 816,337 1,342,795 2,233,544 27,138.000 1933-34.

1,757.000 250,000 2,007,000 952,187 1,103,822 1,652,593 2,526,573 28,812,000 1934-35..

1,241,000 267.000 1,508,000 952,000 773,021 754,714 2,842,502 29,295,000 1935-36.

1,268,000 383.000 1,651,000 1,073,000 926,344 1,042,625 2,863,767 31,738,000 1936-37.

1,395,000 437.000 1,832,000 920,629 996,303 1,186,184 3,374,524 35,365,000 1937-38.

1,378.000 462,000 1.840,000 969 776 1.077,149 1,115.574 3.379,845 34,965,552 1938-39

1.803,000 583.0001 2,396.000 994,173 851,959 1.039,305 3,091,129 33,098,498 1939-40

1,758,000 504,000 2,262,000 968.912 1,018,803 1.141,841 3,156,845 34.000.000 1940-41

1,850.000 358.000 2.208.000 968,800 907,564 1.282,440 2,726,000 33,000,000 United States exports of sugar (refined) in 1940, which is a disaccharide having the rmula were valued at $10,281,465; imports, $69.725,034 C12H:2011. Made from sugarcane. (cane sugar), of which $43,527,671 was the value

Beet sugar is also sucrose, a disaccharide, of shipments from the Philippines.

C12H920u. Made from sugarbeets.

Maple sugar is substantially sucrose, C12H 2011, Cane sugar figures 1923-24 include Louisiana and Texas: 1924-25 to 1928-29, Louisiana only: be- maple flavor.

its higher price being due to its characteristic ginning 1929-30, Louisiana and Florida.

Corn sugar is a monosaccharide, with the Beet sugar figures mostly show refined sugar. formula, C&H1206, its chemical name being dexThe chemical name of cane sugar is sucrose, 1 trose, or glucose. Made from corn starch.

Silk, Rayon Yarn, Cotton and Wool Production

Source: Cotton and wool figures, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture; silk figures by the National Federation of Textiles, Inc., successor to the Silk Association of America; rayon data by the Textile Economics Bureau, Inc. Silk Rayon Cotton Wool

Silk

Rayon Cotton Wool

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1911. 57,143 364 18.7 15.725.3 318.5 2.920 1926 97,348 62,693 214.8 18.0 27.9 318.93,587 1912 56.772 1,111 19.8 13.7 25.0204.02,971 1927. 102,181 75,555 298.0 12.9 28.4339.5 3,603 1913. 57,399 1,816 25.2 14.126.3 296.22,881 1928. 108,431 97,232 361.214.5 24.0 366.73,749 1914. 48,468 2,422 19.7 16.128.7 290.2 2.872 | 1929 100.125 121,399 436.1 14.8 26.8 382.3 3,728 1915. 53.088 3,885 18.5 11.2 20.7285.712,837 1930. 130.1 127.335 451,200 13.9 26.2 414.0 3,680 1916.

59,800 5,778 23.4 11.4 19.8 288.5 2,717 1931 128.1 150,880 499,670 17.1 27.8 442.4 3,680 1917. 59,007 6,544 24.2 11.3 19.9281.9 2,790 ||1932 116.1 134,670 514,820 13.0 24.4 418.1 3,680 1918. 56,307 5.846 25.9 12.0 19.7 298.9 2.809 (1933. 122.1 218,500 663,395 13.0 26.9 438.4 3,600 1919. 61,040 8,278 27.8 11.4 20.9298.22,894 | 1934 125.1 208,320 772,530 9.6 23.8 430.8 3,530 1920. 46,500 10,125| 33.1 13.4 21.3 293.8 2.965 1935

121.1257.555 940,535 10.6 26.7 430.7 3.600 1921.. 64.638) 14,991 48.2 7.9 21.1290.23,003 1936 119.1 277,640 1,022,550 12.4 31.5 426.5 3,720 1922 96,857) 23.700 76.1 9.7 15.4 270.4 2,704 | 1937 121.1 321,680|1.198,760 18.9 38.7 432.8 3,800 1923. 67.2001 34,494 102 6 10.1 19.3 272.712,978 | 1938 108.1 257,625 990,245 11.9 29.1 436.5 3,900 1924. 85,860 36.328 135.2 13.6 19.7282,0 3,184 1939. 104.1 328,625 1,144,705 11.8 28.9 441.9 4,010 1925. :| 88,052 51,049 186.5 16.124.9 300.013,342 ||1940

471, 170 1,143,960 12.7 30.5 449.8 3,520 The 1939 world cotton production figures include estimate for Russia and China on the 1938 basis. Rayon figures are for yarn only. There are no 1940 silk data owing to the war.

U. S. Production of Cigars, Cigarettes, Tobacco, Snuff

Source: United States Commissioner of Internal Revenue
Cigarettes

Tobacco

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Plug Twist Finecut Smok'g Snuff Total 1.000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1.000 1.000 Lbs. Lbs. Lbs Lbs. Lbs. Lbs. 150,659 14,829 10.045 234.928 31.898 442,359 138,563 11,766 8,681 219,270 34,349 412.629 111,391 9.750

7,151 247,740 37,841 413.873 86.273 7.624! 5.089 232 013 40.766 371.766 61,945 4,9181 3,354 190,986/ 35,9941 347,279 61,361 5,042 3.120 191.766 36,098 342.113 62.760 5.080 2,970 237,862 36,894 345.566 60.588 5,604 4,683 235,757 36,095 342,725 59,164 6,372 5,068 239,349 38.0221 347.976 58.331 6.774 4,999 233.334 37,141 340,578 54,494 5,659 4,572 243,469 37,173 345,368 51,263) 5,7331 4,701 243,6401 37,970 343, 306

Harvested Acreage of Principal Crops, 1940
Source: United States Department of Agriculture

Tot. harvested

[graphic]

acreage of 46 crops (excluding duplica

tions)

Acres
Acres

Acres Maine. 1,343,000 North Dakota 16,917,200 Louisiana

4,155,000 New Hampshire.. 427,900 South Dakota.

13,651,600 Oklahoma

13,208,000 Vermont. 1,093,300 Nebraska. 17,321,700 Texas

25,826,200 Massachusetts. 483,100 Kangas. 20,324,300 Montana

6,675,000 Rhode Island 60,500 Delaware 366,300 Idaho

2,724,000 Connecticut. 450, 300 Maryland 1,679,200 Wyoming

1,868,200 New York 6,690,600 Virginia... 3,791.000 Colorado

5,559, 200 New Jersey 734,000 West Virginia 1,491,600 New Mexico

1,372,200 Pennsylvania 6,211,300 North Carolina, 6,461,800 Arizona

665,400 Ohio 10,191,000 South Carolina 5,124,000 Utah.

1,042,000 Indiana 10,047,800 Georgia. . 10,673,100 Nevada

372,300 Ilinois 18,532,900 Florida 1,620,100 Washington

3,547,800 Michigan 7,707,000 Kentucky 5,329.900 Oregon

2,624,700 Wisconsin. 10,165,800 Tennessee 6,112,500 California,

5,755,000 Minnesota 19,114,000 Alabama

7,847,500 Iowa.. 20,961,000 Mississippi

7,167,000 United States.. 333,825,300 Missouri. 12,192,000 Arkansas.

6,146,000 Includes corn (all), wheat (all), oats, barley, rye, buckwneat, flaxseed, rice, grain sorghums (all). cotton, tame hay (all), wild hay, sweet sorghums for forage and hay, timothy seed, sweetclover seed, dry edible beans, soybeans for beans, cowpeas for peas, peanuts picked and threshed, velvetbeans (total). sorgo for sirup, sugarcane, sugar beets, potatoes, sweetpotatoes, tobacco, broomcorn, asparagus, snap beans, cabbage, cantaloups, carrots, cauliflower, celery, sweet corn, cucumbers, lettuce, onions, green peas, spínach, tomatoes, and watermelons. The acreages of red clover seed, alsike clover seed, lespedeza seed, and alfalfa seed are assumed to be included in the tame hay acreage.

Crop Yields Per Acre Harvested in U. S., 1920-1939

Source: United States Department of Agriculture

Bu.

all

Sweet Year Corn Oats Bar- Wheat Rye Rice Cot- Beans, Soy- | Pea- Po- po

To- Sugar ley

ton dry beans nuts tatoes tatoes bacco beets Bu. Bu. Bu. Bu. Bu. Lbs.

Lbs. Bu.

Lbs. Bu. Bu. Lbs. Tons 1921. 28.4 23.01 18.8 12.7 12.6 39.7 132.5 706.7

671.0 90.4 90.2

750.21

9.5 1922 27.0128.51 23.2 13.8 14.9 39.6 148.8 699.8

627.5) 106.5 95.9 776.1 9.8 1923. 28.4| 30.5) 22.2 13.3 11.3 38.0 136.4 725.2

714.7) 108.5 94.8 818.1 10.7 1924. 22.1 33.8 23.5 16.0 14.8 38.9 165.0 574.4 11.0 644.9| 123.7

79.6 731.3 9.2 1925. 27.6 31.8 23.5 12.8

11.1 38.6

173.5 725.0 11.7 700.3] 105.5 78.8 786.0 11.4 1926.) 25.6) 26.9 21.0

14.7
10.2

41.2 192.91 633.6 11.2 736.2 114.4 98.1 791.7 10.7 1927. 26.6 27.11 25.3 14.7 14.8 43.4 161.7 604.0 12.2 758.9] 116.2 97.9 778.5 10.8 1928.) 26.6] 32.7 25.8

15.4 11.5

45.1 163.3 640.5 13.6 681.2) 122.1 93.0 736.5 11.0 1929.) 25.8 29.2 20.7 13.0 11.3

46.0 164.2 667.3 13.3 693.5 110.0 100.6 774.1 10.6 1930. 20.5 32.01 23.8 14.2 12.4 46.5 157.1 654.6 13.4 636.21 109.8 81.3

775.9

11.9 1931.) 24.1 27.9 17.8 16.3 10.6 46.2 211.5 663.3 15.2

721.4 110.8 78.6 787.3 11.1 1932.) 26.5| 30.01 22.6 13.1 11.8 47.6 173.5 769.0 15.3 609.9 106.1 81.9 724.7 11.9 1933. 22.6 20.11 15.9 11.2 8.9

47.2 212.7 738.6 13.2 659.11 100.3 82.9 788.7 11.2 1934. 15.8 18.4 17.8 12.1 8.4

48.1
171.6 780.3 15.0 661.0 112.9 80.9 846.0

9.8 1935.) 24.0 30.0 23.1 12.2 14.2 48.3 184.2 759.8 16.5 755.2 109.1 85.8 902.6 10.4 1936. 16.2 23.5 17.6 12.8 9.1 50.8 197.6 715.5

14.1 759.4 108.4 78.0 803.3 11.6 1937 28.3 32.9 22.1 13.6 13.0 49.1 266.9 916.6 17.8 799.0 124.2 89.3 894.8 11.6 1938 27.8 30.0 24.1 13.3 13.8 48.8 235.8 925.2 20.2 746.5 123.8 86.8

860.0 12.5 1939.

29.4 28.4 21.7 14.1 10.2 51.7 237.9 882.2 20.7 634.5 120.3 84.3 920.1 11.8 1940.1 28.3 35.5 23.1 15.3 12.7 50.2 252.4 875.5 16.1 845.1 130.3 80.3 964.6 13.0 ESTIMATED ACREAGES OF CERTAIN CROPS PLANTED AND NOT HARVESTED, U. S., 1920-"39 Win- All

Beans, Year Corn, ter spring Oats Bar- Flax- Sugar Cot

9 Potawheat wheat ley seed beets ton edible crops

toes 1.000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000

acres acres acres acres acres acres acres 3 cres acres acres acres 1921 2,319 796

67 1,038 40 1922.

5,766
0

12 76

815 98 1923 6,696 894

30 75 1,450 48 1924

459 3,220 23 53 107 35 120 1.189 79 5,285 1925

82 8,958 337 51 134 78 133 1,582 167 11,522 1926.

208 3,007 1,089 1,089 879 187 69 1,231 360 8,119 1927 103 5,939

94 180 48 56 35 1,129 125 7.709 1928 63 11,578 348 114

91 54 1,303 221 13,865 1929.

93 2,773 735 295 501 314 84 1.216 76 6,087 22. 1930. 348 3,963 573

260
234 ᏮᏚᏮ 45

885 104 7,098 40.3 1931 1,557 2,199 6,118 1,413 1,844 1,293 47

406 195 15,072 49.1 1932 1,484 7,315 759 814 529 703 48

603 190 12,445 64.3 1933 2,564 14,173 4,874 3,645 3,707

471

53 10,865 164 40,516 56.3 1934 7,452 9.947 10,215 8,636 4,823 593 175

994 527 43,362 162.6 1935 2,568 13,662 4.316 859 769 296 46

557 219 23,292 51.4 1936

7,579 12,078 12,783 5,747 3,749 1,422 79 875 321 44,633 128.2 1937 2,601 10,678 5,972 2.039 1,611 412 61

470 216

24,060 42.3 1938 1,467 6,753 2,943 1,250 832 131 60

770 102 14,308 59.8 1939. 2,698 6.386 1,648 2,431 1,961 174 73

878 198 18,447 38.1 1940. 1,694 7,673 1,191 1,390 1,365 175 58

995 173 14,714 i 51.3 In 1939 crop failures totaled 20,580,017 acres. Crop land idle or fallow amounted to 56,928,656 acres. Plowable pasture land covered 131,379,940 acres.

of the total valuation of farm land and buildings ($33.641,738,726) the buildings accounted for $10,405,435,796. Farm implements and machinery totaled $3,060,187,389, making an aggregate of $36,701,926, 115.

In 1940 the number of farms was 3.1 per cent less than in 1930; the farm acreage increased 7.5 per cent; but the value of land and buildings decreased 29.7 per cent.

[graphic]

37

93

Year

On Jan. 1
1890.
1900.
1910.
1915. .
1920.
1925.
1930.
1931.
1932.

Live Stock on Farms in the U. S., by Years
Source: United States Department of Agriculture
Horses

Horses
ANI Milk
and Year AN Milk

and cattle COWS Hogs Sheep mules

cattle COWS Hogs Sheep mules 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1,000

1.000 1,000 1.000 1.000 1.000 60.014 15.000 48,130 44,518 18.054 1933.

70,214 25,936 62,127 53,075 17,337 59.739 16,544 51.055 48,105 20,995 1934,

74,262 26,931 58,621 53,713 16,997 58,993 19,450 48,072 50.239 24,211 1935.

68,529 26.069/ 39,004 52.245 16.683 63,849 20.270 56.600 40,513 26.493 | 1936.

67,929 25,439 42.837 52.022 16,319 70,400 21,455 60.159 40,743 25,742|1937.

66,803 24,993 42,770 52.489 16,013 63,373 22,575 55,770 38,543 22,569 1938.

66.083 24,834 44,218 52,682 15,556 61,003 23,032 55,705 51,565 19,124 1939.

66,789 25,088 49 293 53.783 15,199 63,030 23.820 54,835 53,233 18,488 1940.

68,801 25,397 60.207 54,549 14.911 65,770 24,896 59,3011 53,9741 17,812 1941., 71,666 25,917 52,983 55,880 14,602

LIVE STOCK ON FARMS: VALUE PER HEAD AND AGGREGATE VALUE

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1,000

1,000 Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars dollars Cents dollars 1890.

69.27 77.61 16.95 22.30 4.80 2.29 2,615,778 1900.

43.56 51.46 26.50 31.30 5.36 2.97 2,930,582 1910.

107.70 119.98 24.54 35.40 9.05 4.06 4.733.083 47.3 168,382 1920. 96.45 148.29 52.64 81.51 20.00 10.59

8,1 10,258 97.2

370,438 1925 64.28 82.91 31.72 48.34 13.15

9.63

4,676,417 79.3 344,880 1930

69.98 83.93 56.36 82.70 13.45 9.00 6,061,330 92.8 434,830 1931.

60.64 69.23 38.99 57.03 11.35 5.40 4,529,709 70.3 315,968 1932

53.48 60.70 26.40 39.51 6.13 3.45 3,272,652 61.5 268,767 1933

54.12 60.42 19.74 29.18 4.21 2.91 2,772,136 44.9 199,753 1934,

66.88 82.42 17.78 27.00 4.09 3.77 2,976,762 42.0 182,424 1935 77.05 99.34 20.22 30.17 6.31 4.33 3,250,270

54.4

212,071 1936.

96.82 120.36 34.09 49.27 12.72 6.34 4,882,918 75.5 303, 107 1937 99.18 129.93 34.06 50.39 11.89 6.03 4,828,259

65.6

275,511 1938. 90.96 122.65 36.58 54.44 11.26 6.14

4,793,139 75.6 292,142 1939

84.34 117.64

38.45 55.68 11.21 5.75 4,858,060 69.9 288,335 1940.

77.36 114.56 40.60 57.24 7.81 6.30 4.921.313 60.4 258,997 1941. 68.21 105.72 43.42 60.86 8.31 6.72 5,082,631

65.3

270.265 Turkeys on farms (Jan. 1, 1940) no., 8,567,000; value, $18,679,000; (Jan. 1, 1941) no., 7.030,000; value, $16,178,000.

The Bureau of the Census made a count on April 1, 1940, and found the number of livestock on farms and ranches to be as follows-horses and colts, 10,086,971 (of which 802,989 were colts); mules and mule colts, 3,844,560 (of which 99,679 were colts)cattle and calves, 60,674,734 (of which 33,523,185 were COws 2 yrs. old and over); hogs and pigs, 34,037,253 (of which 7,987,641 were sows); sheep and lambs, 40,129,261 (of which ewes were 35,579,506).

The 21,936,556 cows that were milked in 1939 produced 11,508, 243,769 gallons.
The 36,264,192 sheep shorn in 1939 yielded 289,772,976 lbs. of wool.

Butter churned in 1939, 428,692,339 lbs. butter sold, 76,358,236 lbs.; whole milk sold, 5,375,407,901 gallons; cream sold, 1,090.261,486 butterfat lbs.

There were 337,949,145 chickens. 4,361,752 turkeys, 2,460,067 ducks, 634,868 geese, and 841,016 guineas on farms on April 1, 1940. Chicken eggs produced in 1939 numbered 2.391,091,510 dozens. Milk production on farms (1,000,000 lbs.)

-(1934) 101,528; (1935) 101,421; (1936) 103,183; (1937) 103,132; (1938) 107.255: (1939) 108,558: (1940) 111,072.

Meat Production (Total Slaughter) and Consumption in U. S.

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Washington

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5.3

Million Million Million Million Million
lbs. Ibs. lbs.

lbs.
lbs. Ibs. lbs. lbs.

Ibs. lbs. Ibs. 1899. 5,522 387 487 6.310 1,657 67.2 5.2 6.5 71.8 150.7

12.4 1900

5.628 397 493 6,329 1,632 67.0 5.2 6.5 71.9 150.6 12.9 1910

6,647 667 597 6,087 1.538 70.5 7.2 6.4 62.4 146.5 12.4 1915.

6,075
590 605 7,616 1,669 57.1 6.0 6.2 67.3

136.8 11.8 1920.

6,306 842 538 7.648 1.943 59.1 8.0 5.4 63.5 136.0 12.2 1925 6,878 989 603 8,128 2,133 60.0 8.6

67.3 141.2 12.5 1926

7,089

955
639 7,966 2,185 60.7 8.2 5.5 64.6 139.0

12.4 1927

6,395 867 629 8,430 2,240 54.9 7.4 5.3 68.2 135.8 12.8 1928 5,771 769 663 9.041 2,432 49.0

6.5

5.5 71.3 132.3 13.4 1929. 5,871 761 682 8.833 2,435 49.8 6.3 5.6 69.8

131.5 12.9 1930

5,917 792 825 8.482 2,201 48.9 6.4 6.7 67.0 129.0 12.7 1931 6.009 823

885
8,739 2,280 48.5 6.6

7.1

68.3 130.5 13.5 1932

5.789 822 884 8,923 2,353 46.7 6.6 7.1 70.6 131.0 14.3 1933. 6.440 891 852 9.134 2,448

51.4 7.1 6.8 69.9 135.2 13.9 1934 7,066 1,065 800 8,397 2.068 55.8 8.

6.3 64.2 134.7 12.8 1935 6.644 1,023 885 5,968 1,270 53.5 8.0 6.9 48.6 117.0

9.6 1936

7,467 1,098 867 7,552 1.676 58.8 8.6 6.7 55.6 129,7 11.3 1937

6,834 1,096 863 6,986 1.417 55.3 8.5 6.7 55.9 126.4 10.4 1938 6,942 985 902

7,721 1,713 54.5 7.6 6.9 58.3 127.3 10.9 1939 7,001 961 876 8,627 1.998

54.5

7.3 6.7 64.4 132.9 12.4 1940 7,216 961

878

9,920 2,297 55.2 7.3 6.6 72.5 141.6 14.7 In the United States in 1940 the number of livestock slaughtered under Federal inspection was: Cattle, 9,756,000 (9,174,600,000 pounds): calves, 5,359,000 (1,024,048,000 pounds); hogs, 50,398,000 (11,716,064,000 pounds); sheep and lambs, 17.351,000 (1,495,271,000 pounds); total live weight, 23,409,984.000 pounds; total dressed weight, 14,950.759.000 pounds.

Farm Income and Government Payments by States

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agriculture

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$1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1.000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 Maine. 53,419 1,709 55,128

51,679 2,177 53,856 47,597 1,508 49,105 N Hampshire 22,260

401 22,661 22,421 453 22,874 21.151 177 21.328 Vermont .. 41.269 595 41.864 40,402

1,145

41,547 37,880 528 38,408 Massachusetts. 75,609 619 76,228 75,871 633 76,504 73,801 407 74.208 Rhode Island

9,889
69 9,958 9,812
47 9,859 9,441

36 9,477 Connecticut.

55,307 662 55,969 55,241 477 55,718 52,571 477 53.048 New York..

328,455 6,211 334,666 311,607 3,265 314,872 298.937 3,682 302.619 New Jersey

104,762 1,108 105,870 99,099 1,493 100,592 97,934 727 98,661 Pennsylvania. 271.990 6,679 278,669 261,019 5,723 266,742 257,729 2,757 260,486 Ohio.

329,255 16,971 346,226 309,095 20,137 329,232 308,336 7,617 315,953 Indiana

284,068 22,657 306.725 255,928 20,885 276,813 259,638 8,624 268, 262 Illinois.

535,874 35,750 571,624 487,204 46,454 533,658 484,365 11.549 495,914 Michigan

233,510

12,773 246,283 215,113 12,009 227,122 207,336 7,774 215,110 Wisconsin.

303,203 12, 273 315,476 273,202 19,417 292, 619 283,557 11,737 295, 294 Minnesota.

387,998 40.552 428,550 333,054 26,599 359,653 327,135 15,301 342,436 Iowa..

679,271 49,235 728,506 577,471 69,444 646.915 563, 294 29,719 593,013 Missouri

277,006 25,091 302,097 249,904 28,132 278,036 240.893 12,122 253,015 North Dakota. 129,626 27,021 156,647 110,703 29,345 140,048 89.187 13,179 102,366 South Dakota. 128,538 20.016 148,554 108,498 23,052 131,550 90,939 17,532 108,471 Nebraska.

232,172 46.296 278,468 226.555 28,078 254,633 202,821 15,371 218,192 Kansas

255,074 38,941 294,015 244,016 29,577 273,593 233,400 17,356 250, 756 Delaware.

18,905

571 19,476 17,814 993 18,812 18,254 469 18,723 Maryland

69,551 2,783 72.334 67,178 2,203 69,381 65,039 1,452 66,491 Virginia

120,914 4,724 125,638 115,713 6,288 122,001 120,435 4,083 124,518 West Virginia. 41,723 1,920 43,643 40,620 1.800 42, 420 39,767 1,436 41,203 North Carolina. 206,892 14,876 221.768 222, 137 19,892 242,029 219,198 16.524 235,722 South Carolina. 99,230 16,787 116,017 101,501 17,902 119,403 87.532 13,829 101,361 Georgia..

143,629 24,419 168,048 131,340 25,794 157,134 138,850 20,218 159,068 Florida.

109,418 4,068 113,486 128,304 3.865 132,169 110.780 2,610 113,390 Kentucky

146,507 13,318 159,825 135,927 10,995 146,922 154.342 11.826 166,168 Tennessee

125,283 16,207 141,490 118,134 15,713 133,847 127.876 12,320 140,196 Alabama

89,612 25,851 115,463 89,151 27.259 116,410 105,513 19,655 125,168 Mississippi.

114,540 32,681 147,221 137,218 34,330 171,548 150,739 23,443 174,182 Arkansas.

141,031 25,726 166,757 135,855 27,907 163,762 133,940 21.250 155,190 Louisiana.

90,212 21.902 112,114 112,472 21,184 133,656 108,913 17,596 126,509 Oklahoma.

175,048 25,638 200,686 168,432 27.731 196,163 160,104 21.033 181,137 Texas....

492, 703 86,489 579,192 464,706 110.755 575,461 454,543 68,814 523,357 Montana 97,473 14,571 112,044 85,368 12,271 97,639 68,312 8,539

76,851 Idaho

90,816 8,167 98,983 89,745 8,692 98,437 84,079 3,161 87,240 Wyoming

54,263 3,884 57,947 49.800 3.805 53,605 42,365 2,772 45,137 Colorado

131,792 10,112 141,904 125,797 10,028 135,825 115,175 8,532 123,707 New Mexico

54,940 4,652 59,592 48,980 5,128 54,108 47,777 3,248 51,025 Arizona.

56,663 3,986 60,649 54,322 5,391 59,713 55,494 2.554 58,048 Utah,

45,309 2,830 48,139 43,696 2,872 46.568 43,688 1,930 45,618 Nevada.

13,412 226 13,638 12,622 233 12,855 11.736 129 11.865 Washington. 147,265 6,443 153,708 146,651 9,285 155,936 133,281 1,878 135,159 Oregon

109,848 5,699 115,547 104.671 6.818 111,489 100.643 2,499 103,142 California..

628,570 21,840 650,410 595,321 19,384 614,705 565,510 12,241 577,751 United States. .. 8,354,104 765,799 9,119,903 7,861,369) 807,065 8,668,434 7,651,827 482,221 8,134,048

Income from crops—(1940) $3,535,712,000; (1939) $3,371,701,000; (1938) $3,192,753,000; (1937) $3,926,518,000.

Income from livestock and their products-(1940) $4,818,392,000; (1939) $4,489,668,000: (1938) $4,459,074,000; (1937) $4,861,450,000. U. S. totals-(1940) cash income, $8,354, 104,000; govt. payments, $765,799,000; total, $9,119.903,000.

(1939) cash income, $7.861,369,000; govt. payments, $807,065,000 total $8,668,434,000. (1938) cash income, $7,651,827,000; govt. payments, $482,221,000; total, $8,134,048,000.

CASH FARM INCOME FROM CROPS AND LIVESTOCK, IN 1940
1939 1940

Crop
1939 1940

Crop

Crop

1939

1940

$1,000 $1,000
$1.000 $1.000

$1.000 $1,000 Corn.. 318,931 369,777|Cherries

9,497
11,320 Hay..

67,035 69,515 Wheat. 432,004 417,044 Plums.

2,854 3,567 Red clover s'd. 13,369 7,438 Oats. 45.762 58,590 Apricots.

10,561

5,950 Alsike clover sd 2,447 2.218 Barley. 39,842 46,869 Grapes.

39,038 41.301 Sweet clover s'd 2,610 1,809 Rye. 9,016 9,519 Prunes.

13,056 13,793 Lespedeza seed 5,896 4,136 Buckwheat. 1,553 1,284 Figs.

2,541 2,957| Allalla seed 10.638 12,691 Flaxseed. 26,950 38,359 Olives

1,687 3,082 Timothy seed 1,944 1,654 Rice.. 32,903 38,434 Avocados

1,359 1,172 Soybeans.

50,871 55,765 Grain sorgh · 6.826 8,274 Strawberries. 38,969

40.885 Cowpeas.

5,437 5,202 Cotton lint. 550,046 573,401 Cranberries.

6,932 7,002 Peanuts

34,802 44,824 Cottonseed. 78,529 86,434 Small fruits. 11,094 12,451 Hops..

7,713 11,150 Tobacco 268,597 240,369 Other fruits..

4,330
4,291 Other

244,988 257, 110 Dry edi. beans 38,534 40,323 Tree nuts.. 18,990 19,586 Livestock and Potatoes. 156,215 165,062 Sugarcane for

Products Sweet potatoes. 21 55 21.261 sugar.

16,441 11,333 Meat animals. 2,276,076 2,427,181 Truck crops... 372,364 397,776 Sugar beets

49,436 54,749 Poultry, eggs.. 718,215 727,732 Citrus fruits.. 132,178 129,790 Sug'cane sirup 6,471 4,143 Dairy products 1,355,067 1,501,126 Apples... 93,620 91,417 Sorgo sirup....

3,393
3,865 Wool..

84,324 109,339 Peaches. 40,478 34,701 Maple sugar &

Other.

55,986 53,014 Pears.... 17,859) 17,972) sirup.

4,040 4,097 Cash farm income in the United States from marketings, by former calendar years, is estimated as follows: (1924) $9,785,000,000; (1925) $10,881,000,000 (1926) $10,680,000,000. (1927) $10,700,000,000 (1928) $11,089,600,000; (1929) $11,221,000,000; (1930) $8.941,000,000; (1931) $6,254,000,000; (1932) $4,606, 000,000; (1933) $5,248,000,000: (1934) $6,138,000,000; (1935) $6,805,000,000; (1936) $8,012,000,000; (1937) $8,787,968,000.

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