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Manufactures in New York City

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Wage 1 Wages is Cost of

Value of
Earners Year

Materials Products

Year

Estab.

Capital

Horse Power

No. Aver. No. Dollars

Dolars
Dollars

Dollars NO.H.P 1899.

19,243 388,586 | 196,656,000 634,210,000 1,172,870.000 853.238.000 1904.

20.839 464,716 248,128,000 818,029,000 1,526,523,000 1.042,946.000 1909.

25.933 553,923 323,414,000 1.090.783.000 2,027,425,000 | 1,361,860.000 428,838 1914..

29,621 585,279 357,498.000 1.229,155,000 2,292,832.000 1,626,104,000 550.962 1919. 32,590 638,775 805,822,451 2,861.476,000

5.260.707,577

3,038,557,492 1921.

26.801 536,665 762,596,719 2,248,500,925 4,328,187,499 1923. 27,423 577.971 849,937.423

5,310.017414 1925

23,714 538,845 844,648,136 2,718,792,438 5,324,413,612 1927...

27.076 552,507 904,646,427 2,853,834,232 5.722,071,259 1929

29,361 561,814 | 910,509,591 2,885,019,885 5.908,203,241 1931 ..

26,232 471.999 | 678,705,151 2,088,602,135 4,373,911.699 1933 ..

19,233 391,391 | 438,778,462 1,331,048,611 2,860,672,855 1935...

26,061 485.144 582,298,673 1.756,473,582 3,666.218,239 1937.... 22,235 506,208 629,750.581 2,185,913,680 3.962.292.660 1939.. 1 26.651 512,666 | 632,755,662 | 2,237,744,469 4,108,750,275 The 1935 and 1937 figures include printing and publishing.

SUMMARY FOR 1939 BY BOROUGHS
Wage
Wages in Cost of Ma-

Value of
Borough
Estab. Earners

terials

Products No. Aver, No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars Bronx

1,082
18,577 24,100.454

52,533,884 115,752,382 Brooklyn. . 4,910 135,422 155,948,038

445,684,462 870,578,728 Manhattan..

18.949 300, 102 378,629,784 1,469.212.872 2,618,700.898 Queens....

1,544
52.485
65,410,911
220.625,778

423.431,391 Richmond.

166
6,080
8,666,475
49,687,473

80,286,876

Year

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SUMMARY FOR 1933, BY BOROUGHS
Bronx....

768
14,947 17.116,533

32,761,437

75,708,311 Brooklyn.. 3,500 102,112 104.783,208 283.992.165

598,324.967 Manhattan

13,638 228 859 267,763,304 845,358,515 1.871.646,053 Queens.... 1,187 39.927 43,175,382

1 10,653,691

265,994.323 Richmond

140
5,546
5,940,035
28,282,803

48.999,201 1939 DATA FOR NEW YORK INDUSTRIAL AREA OUTSIDE OF THE METROPOLIS New York City-Newark-Jersey

Wage Wages in Cost of Ma

Value of
City Industrial Area
Estab. Earners

Year
terials

Products
No. Aver. No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars Total: 1939.

33,385 849,608 1.042,681,700 3,887,580,2706,948,444,631 1937...

28.007 848,345 1,046,186,704 | 3,886, 157,018 6,764,287,881

Counties, 1939
Portion in New York State, tot
Westchester ....
Portion in New Jersey, tot, 1939
Bergen.
Essex.......
Hudson....
Middlesex.....
Passaic ......
Union..

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1937 DATA FOR NEW YORK CITY INDUSTRIAL AREA OUTSIDE OF THE METROPOLIS.

Wage Wages in Cost of Ma. Value of
County
Estab. Earners

Year
terials

Products

No. Aver. No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars (N. Y.) Westchester. .....

454 22,640 27,979,251 146,235,251 224,323,864 (N. J.) Bergen...

496 27,182 31.961.223 181,496,327 264,043,489 Essex. ......

1.731 82.677 102,915,826 318,940,782 619,146,173 Hudson .....

1.427

84,208 107.558,376 438,533,599 738,161,930 Middlessex

380 35,820 41.066.445 331,722,267 434,347,459 Passaic..

841 53,751 57,110,002 120,937,930 243.556,109 Union....

443 35,859 47,845,000 162,377.182 278,216,197 Total...

5,318 319,497 388.456,872 1.554,008,087 2,577,671,357 Whole Area 1937

28,007 848,345 1,046,186,704 3,886.157.018 6.764.287.881 1935 (a).

32,195 766.351 878,370,692 2,958,752,421 5,624,037,588 1935....

32,237 779,486 899.086,826 2,985,347,383 5,739,353,054 1933....

24,012 620,814 665.160.054 2.116.776.719 4,284,825,526

36,307 916.706 11,415,019,737 | 4,846.209.132 9,339, 103,436 The 1935 (a) figures are comparable with 1937 because of subtraction of two 1935 industries ("gas, manufactured, illuminating and heating." and "railroad repair shops") which were not included in the 1937 census.

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1929......

Retail Trade in N. Y. City, 1939, by Chief Kinds
Source: United States Bureau of the Census

Sales in

Wages in Employees

[graphic]

Wholesale Trade-Many wholesalers, especially jobbers, sell also at retail, and it is not easy to separate their sales. According to the Census the wholesale trade in New York City (1939) was:

Establishments, 24,042; sales in year. $12,954,252.000; operating expenses, $1,148,338,000; active proprietors, 15,267; employes, 241,405; payroll in year, $545,796,000; stocks on hand at end of year, $776,429,000.

Sales were divided as follows-by service and limited function merchants, $5,417.476,000; by manufacturers sales branches (with stocks), $1,982,804,000; by those without stocks, $1,388,494,000: petroleum bulk stations, $113,677,000; agents and brokers, $4,009,458,000; by assemblers (mostly farm products), $42,346,000.

New York City Food Supply
Sources: Commissioner of Markets and U. 8. Dept. of Agriculture

[graphic]

Meats:

Local dressed carcasses (lbs.)..... 801,176,740 744,521.739 795,561,611 797,845,357 802,815,751 Country dressed carcasses (lbs.).... 11.721,785 13,457,805 13,894,305 13,446,76012,717.40.5 Western dressed carcasses (lbs.)..... 485,341,970 480,150,254 465,482,010 502.625,157 489,936,207 Western fresh and frozen cuts (lbs.). 147,674,036 152,427,776 159,153,766 166,818,019 182.779,262 Western cured and provisions (lbs.). 112,918,001 113.871.446 110,318,151 115,696,560 90.044,449

Imported fresh and processed (lbs.). 59,488,673 91,356.906 70,010.961 71,092,259 30,392,602 Fish estimated (lbs.)

.......500,000,000 500.000.000 500.000.000 500.000.000 500.000.000 The above tables, in their entirety, show a total of approximately 11,496,063,197 pounds.

More than $2,000,000,000 worth of perishable food products are received in the City of New York each year. The markets, in 1939-40 (fisc. yr.) were rented for $1.183, 190; net income, $435.539.

The deliveries of food at New York in 1940 totaled tatoes. 23,542; peaches, 5,914; tomatoes, 10,302. 210.253 carloads or equivalent carloads, of which California sent 41,051 carlot equivalents: Florida, 82,592 were by truck and 127,661 arrived by rail 30,989, New Jersey, 16.094; Long Island (N. Y.). and boat. The total for 1939 was 222,387. Banana 22,939, other parts of N, Y State, 21,015: Virginia, receipts in 1940 were 27,903 carlot equivalents. 7,688: Texas, 6,390, North Carolina, 5,363; Maine,

There were 10,131 carlot equivalents of apples: 5.511; Maryland, 3,316; Georgia, 3.027; Arizona, grapes, 7,976: lettuce, 9.728: oranges, 19.004; po- ! 2,665; Pennsylvania, 3,811, South Carolina, 4,566.

New Cost of Living Index for New York City
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. Dept. of Labor

Fuel,

electric- HouseAll Items Food Clothing Rentity, and furnish

ice

Period

Miscellaneous

ings

1936 January 15...

April 15....
July 15.....
September 15,

December 15 1937- March 15..

June 15........
September 15.

December 15. 1938 March 15..

June 15........
September 15.

Decernber 15 1939 -March 15.

June 15......
September 1

December 15 1940 - March 15...

June 15
September 1

Decernber 11 1941- March 15...

June 15.......

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New York City—Vote for Mayor, 1941
BOROUGH SUMMARIES. FIGURES UNOFFICIAL BUT CLOSELY APPROXIMATE

La Guardia
Borough

O'Dwyer Hartmann Repub-1 Amer. I City United

Demolican I Labor Fusion City

Total crat Socialist

Manhattan...
188.822 81.727 21,840 6,196 298,645 227,499

4.891 Bronx.....

103,599 135,198 14,951 5,794 259,542 184,660 6,292 Brooklyn...... 242,720 174.097 16,905

6,264 439.986 347,423

8,949 Queens 116,080 39,712

8,712
1,796 166,300 258,939

3,050 Richmond..

17,482
3,563
701
175 21,921 34,032

983 Total...........

668,763 434,297 | 63,109 20.225 / 1,186,3941 1,052,553 24,145 La Guardia's plurality over O'Dwyer and Hartmann, 109,696; his majority over O'Dwyer, 133,841. President of the City Council-Morris (R., Fus., etc.), 1,122,746; Fertig (D.), 997.517. City Cornptroller-McGoldrick (R., Fus., etc.), 1, 152, 116; Church (D.), 997,491.

Proposition 1-To reorganize the County government by abolishing the County offices of Sheriff, Register, Register of Deeds and Registrar, creating the offices of City Sheriff and City Register, to be filled by appointment after competitive civil service examination, and assigning the functions of the offices thereby abolished to the City Sheriff, the City Register and the City Department of Correction For, 507,350; against, 220,092.

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution to extend the term of State Senators was defeated both up state and in New York City.

N. Y. Stock Exchange Transactions and Seat Prices

Source: An Oficial of the Institution
Stocks T Bonds Seats

Stocks Bonds

Seats Year

Year (Cal.) Shares Par Value High Low (Cal.) Shares Par Value High Low

No.
Dollars Dollars Dollars

No. Dollars Dollars Dollars 1900. 138.312,2661 578,359,230| 47,500 37,500||1929.. 1,124,990.9803,020,316.7001625.000 525.000 1905...

263.040.993|1,018.090,420 85.000 72,000||1930.... 810,626,276/2,779,009,350/480.000/205.000 1910... 163.882,956 634.091.000 94.000 65.000||1931.... 576.921,426 3,075,347,100 310.000 125.000 1915... 173.378,655 956.077,700 74.000 38.000|1932.... 425,235,8292,971,965,650 185,000 58,000 1920... 223,931,349/3,955,036,900/115,000 85,000||1933. ... 654,874,210|3,366,402,950 250.000 90.000 1922, 260,753,997|4,098.696,027 100.000 86.000||1934,... 323,871,8403,729,460,500 190.000 70,000 1923... 237,276,9272.753,506,630 100.000 76.000||1935 381.666,197|3,347.855.300|145.000 65.000 1924... 282,032,9233,828,019,845 101,000 76,000||1936.... 496.063.099|3,575,453,100|174.000 89,000 1925...

452.211.399 3,398.346.045 150.000 99.000||1937. 409,464,570 2,792,531,000 134.000 61.000 1926... 449,103,258 3.029,684,700 175.000 133,000||1938. . 297.466.722/1.859.865 000 85.000 51,000 1927.. 576.990.875 3.321.545.600 305,000 170,000|1939.. 262.029,599 2,046.083.000 70.000 51.000 1928 ... 420.550.032\2.939.627.750 595,000 290.0001 1940 ...) 207.599,749) 1.669,438,000' 60.000 33,000

As of the close of business December 31, 1940, there were 1,230 stock issues aggregating 1,454.761.737 shares listed on the New York Stock Exchange with a total market value of $41,890,646,959. By leading industrial groups, the aggregate market value and average price for each were: Market Aver.

Market 1 Aver. Value Price

Value Price Autos and accessories. $3,481,165,986 $29.19|Textiles ....

$ 258,049,925 $22.36 Financial....

833,984,485 16.24 Gas and elec. (operating)..... 2,146.274,228 25.25 Chemicals....

5,652,093.029 60.85 Gas and electric (holding).... 1,114,404,672 11.63 Building ......

474,228,086 21.84 Communications (cable, tel., Flectrical equip. mig... 1,431,454,131 36.47| radio)......

3,647,007,011 88.17 Foods....

2.633,401.356 28.18 Miscellaneous utilities........ 85, 108,205 11.05 Rubber and tires... 334,061.006 31.49 Aviation.....

604,966,054 20.31 Farm machinery.... 597.194,406 45.56) Business and once equip

275,972,963 24.07 Amusements ....... 264.269,161 12.31 Shipping services...

7,340,031 4.00 Land and realty....

14.328. 132 2.93 Ship building and operating 102,149,295 23.83 Machinery and meta

1,530,177,220 23.93 Miscellaneous businesses.... 110,420,984 19.92 Mining (excl. iron)... 1.635,633,342 25.56! Leather and boots ......

158,462,975 21.23 Petroleum... :: 3,692,608,589 19.19 Tobacco.....

1,400,713,763 50.74 Paper and publishing. 421.393.706119.47||Garments..................

38,798,991 23.16 Retail merchandising.. 2,268,912,067 30.55 U, S. co's oper. abroad.

493,853,108 14.46 Rallway oper. and hold

Foreign co's (in Cuba & Cana.)' 628,359,856 15.52 and equip. mirs....

2.985,460,130 26.06 Steel, iron and coke... ::1 2,568,400,066 51.05 Tot., all listed stocks..... 41,890,646,959 28.80

N. Y. Curb Exchange Transactions and Seat Prices

Source: An Official of the Institution
Transactions | Prices for Seats

Transactions Prices for Seats Year Stocks Bonds

Year Stocks | Bonds (Cal.) (Shares) (ParValue)| High Low (Cal) (Shares) (Par Value) High Low Number Dollars Dollars Dollars

Number 1 Dollars Dollars Dollars 1925... 88,406,350 500,533,000) 37,500 8.500 1933... 100,916.602] 944,374,000 50,000 25,000 1926... |115.531.800 525,810.0001 35.000 17,500 | 1934.. | 60050,695|1,013,679,000 40.000 17.000 1927...1126,116,566|575,472.000 67.000 22,000 ||1935..1 75.747.764|1,171,440,000 33,000 12,000 1928... 236,043,682 834.893.000 170.000 50.000 || 1936... 134,663, 1961 823,050.000 48,000 26.000 1929... 473.770,970 544,542,000 254.000 150.000

150.000 ll 1937...

104,178.804 442,361,000 35.000 17.500 1930... 222.268.045 863,531,000| 225,000 70,000 | 1938... 49,640.238 366.974,000 17.500 8.000 1931. 109.812.465983.288.0001 137.000 | 40.000 111939... 45,729,8981 444,497.000 12.000 7,000 1932 .7 57.108.543/952,289,0001 55,000 16.500 i940. 42.928,377) 303,902 7.250 6.900

N. Y. City Population, 1940, 1930, by Age, Sex, Color

Source: United States Bureau of the Census 1940 data are estimates based on a preliminary tabulation of a 5 percent cross-section of the 1940 census returns. 1940 numbers less than 20,000, indicated by an asterisk (°), are based on relatively small samples, and are subject to error. This is particularly true of 1940 numbers less than 5.000. indicated by two asterisks (**).

1930 figures for white population include Mexicans, who were classified with "Other races" in the 1930 Census Reports. 1930 totals include persons of unknown age. All Classes

White

Non-white City, Age and Census Year | Total Male Female Total Male (FemaleTotal 1 Male Female

All ages: 1940. 7,454,995 3,686,034 3,768,961 6,976,649 3,462,5873,514,062 Under 5...

441.984 225,440 216,544 410.137 209,766 200,371 5 to 9.

475,387 242,589 232,798 440,163 224,399 215.764 10 to 13.

445,252 223.266 221,986 415,440 208.850 206,590 14 to 19.

721,902 358,723 363,179 679,050 339.0871 339.963 20 to 24

648,570 301.156 347,414 605,478 285,498 319.980 25 to 44

2,689,094 1,313,584 1,375,510 2,483,844 1,218,507 1,265,337 45 to 64.

1.620,845 834,395 786,450 1,543,756 795,199 748,557 65 and over...

411,961 186,881 225,080 398,7811 181,281 217.500 All ages: 1930. 6.930,446 3,472,956 3,457,490 6,589,377 3,304,524 3,284,853 Under 5 years. 535,600 272,438 263,162 508,017 258,656 249.361 5 to 9.

577.284 291.782 285,502 552,381/ 279,6221 272,759 10 to 13

463,188 233,916 229,272 447,800 226,522 221,278 14 to 19.

711.398 350,087 361,311 686,318 338,899 347,419 20 to 24

687.417 327,734 359,683 647,688 310,184 337,504 25 to 44

2,485,396 1.261,860 1,223,536 2,325,636 1,180,112 1,145,524 45 to 64.........

1.199.674 610,568 589.106 1,156,4811 588,104 568,377 65 and over.....) 264,502 121,5601 142,942 259,615) 119,6931 139,916

478,346
31,847
35.224
29.812
42,852)
43.092
205,250

77,089
*13,180
341,069
27,583
24,903)
15,388
25,080
39,7291
159,760
43,193
4,8871

223,447 254.899 15,674 *16.173 18.190 *17.034 *14,416 *15,396 *19,636 23,216 *15.6581 27,434 95,077 110,173 39,196 37.893 *5,600 *7.580 168,432 172,637 13,782) 13,801 12,160 12,743

7,394 7.994 11.188 13.892 17,550 22,179 81.748 78,012 22,464 20,729 1.8611

3,026

Police and Crime Statistics in New York City

Source: The Police Commissioner

Arrests Year

Police (Cal.) Homi- Other Tot, all Force

cide Fel.'s Crime

Police
Dept.
Expend.

Arrests
Year

Police
1.) Homi-1 Other Tot. all Force

cide Fel.'s Crime

Police Dept. Expend,

No. No. No. 1 No. Dollars

No. 1905... 711 10.716) 198,356

12,505,657 1929... 373 1910... 443 7.243 170,681 9.9631 15.316,478 1930... 377 1915... 452 14,044212,452 10.8581 17,364,594 1931...)

433 1920...

254 13,319 266,7491 10,905 24,595,187 1932... 449 1921... 261 12,382 272,75111,507 29,901,379 1933... 420 1922... 290 12,446) 303,451 11.940 30,705,185 1934... 351 1923...

295 12.7411 301,206) 12,720 32,042,223 1935... 383 1924... 297 13.783) 346,270 13,154 33.187,918 1936... 347 1925... 338 13.913 333,083 14,150 38.115,479 1937... 263 1926... 306 13,0731 348,402 15,950 41,403,223 1938... 228 1927... 282 11.832 416,7171 16,973 45,018.725'1939... 241 1928... 373 | 12,609 454,3391 17.769 47,042,346:11940... 295

No. No. No. Dollars
12,837) 354,610 17,780 48,705,918
13.350 465,576 18.6331 60,198,591
13.925

19,333 63,910,282 12.902 516,128 19,333 65,253,948 16,915 460,484 19,333 61,493.887 16.6131 556,640 19,331| 59211.500 16,598 732, 233 19,3311 61.132.154 15,338 826,887 19,332 61,429,082 15,886 941,7891 19,346/ 64.619.268 15,393 999,348 19,346 66.606.993 14,316 1,046,933 19,346 67.154,421 13,7011 895,675 18,748) 67,041,871

or those arrested in 1939 accused of major crimes, 60 per cent were unemployed.

Homicides in the City of New York

Source: The Chief Medical Examiner Manhattan (1922) 201; (1923) 187; (1924) 237; 1 Richmond-(1922) 7; (1923) 6; (1924) 7; (1925) 7: (1925) 231; (1926) 218; (1927) 220; (1928) 257: (1926) 3; (1927) 4; (1928) 5; (1929) 2; (1930) 6: (1929) 259 (1930) 273; (1931) 333; (1932) 330; 1931) 3; (1932) 13; (1933) 6; (1934) 7; (1935) 3: (1933) 293: (1934) 232; (1935) 245; (1936) 234; (1936) 41 (1937) 2; (1938) 3; (1939) 4; (1940) 2. (1937) 231; (1938) 167; (1939) 189; (1940) 173.

Whole City--(1920) 344; (1921) 307; (1922) 350: Brooklyn (1925) 81; (1926) 82; (1927) 87: (1928) (1923) 303; (1924) 390; (1925) 356; (1926) 344 92; (1929) 114; (1930) 148; (1931) 124; (1932) 140; (1927) 372; (1928) 399 (1929) 426 (1930) 498 (1933) 138; (1934) 120; (1935) 104; (1936) 79; (1937) (1931) 569; (1932) 565; (1933) 524; (1934) 426 70; (1938) 86; (1939) 72; (1940) 58.

(1935) 427; (1936) 372; (1937) 350; (1938) 294, Bronx--(1924) 33; (1925) 22(1926) 19; (1927) (1939) 302; (1940) 285. 33: (1928) 23; (1929) 29; (1930) 40; (1931) 70; Killings by police (1921) 12; (1922) 21; (1923) (1932) 42; (1933) 40; (1934) 34; (1935) 39; (1936) 15; (1924) 33; (1925) 15; (1926) 19 (1927) 26: 23; (1937) 22; (1938) 26; (1939) 23: (1940) 35. (1928) 23; (1929) 29; (1930) 37; (1931) 44: (1932)

Queens -(1922) 13; (1923) 20; (1924) 18; (1925) 38; (1933) 40; (1934) 28; (1935) 28; (1936) 24: 15; (1926) 22; (1927) 28; (1928) 22; (1929) 22; (1937) 30; (1938) 22; (1939) 21; (1940) 22. (1930) 31(1931) 39; (1932) 40; (1933) 47; (1934) Suicides (1940)-Manhattan, 531; Brooklyn, 327: 33; (1935) 36; (1936) 32; (1937) 25; (1938) 12; Bronx, 204; Queens, 204; Richmond, 30; total 5 (1939) 14; (1940) 18.

boroughs 1,296.

Jury Service in New York City
Source: An official of the County Clerk's office

ployee. Chts of many ?

The new act provides a uniform jury law for and the deputy of each; the secretary to the the five counties embraced in the City of New governor. York.

3. A member of congress or of the legislature. Section 596 lists the qualifications of jurors, as or of the city council of the city of New York. follows: In order to be qualified to serve as a 1 4. A judge of a court of record, or a surrogate. juror in the counties included with a city having 5. A sheriff, under sheriff, or deputy sherift. & population of one million or more, a person regularly engaged in the performance of his duties. must:

6. The clerk or deputy clerk of any court. 1. Be a citizen of the United States, and a No public officer or employee of the United resident of the county.

States government, or of any state, city or munici2. Be not less than 21, nor more than 70 years pality, or of any political subdivision of any of of age.

them, or of any official board, authority, council, 3. Be the owner, in his or her own right, of commission, corporation, or other agency of any of real or personal property of the value of $250; or them, shall serve on any grand jury. the husband of a woman or wife of a man who is the owner, in his or her own right, of real or

Those Who May Claim Exemption personal property of that value.

Those entitled to exemption from jury service 4. Be in the possession of his natural faculties

are-women, clergymen, physicians, surgeons, surand not infirm or decrepit.

geon dentists, pharmacists, embalmers, optome5. Not have been convicted of a felony or a

trists, attorneys; members of the army, navy. misdemeanor involving moral turpitude.

marine corps, national guard, naval militia: fire6. Be intelligent; of sound mind and good

men, policemen, exempt volunteer flremen; officers character: well informed: able to read and write

of vessels, licensed pilots. Exemptions are based the English language understandingly.

on affidavits filed with the county clerk, and subA person dwelling or lodging or having or

ject to public inspection. maintaining a dwelling or lodging in a county for

The right to exemption must be claimed at the the greater part of the time between October 1

time of examination for liability to serve as a and June 30 next thereafter, is a resident of that

juror. If a person fails to present such claim at county, within the meaning of this section. such time, he shall be deemed to have waived the

same and cannot be exempted thereafter except Those Who Are Disqualified

for reasons accruing after the time of examination. Each of the following officers is disqualified to If, however, he claims exemption at the time of serve as a juror:

his examination and is not granted the same, he 1. All elected members of the federal, state and may present such claim for exemption to the city executive departments.

court when drawn for jury service or may review 2. The comptroller; attorney-general; head of such refusal in the manner provided by article 78 a department or head and members of a board. of the civil practice act. council or commission which is the head of a Jurors now serve only once in 2 years. A new law civil department of the federal, state or city requires the checking of prospective jurors' names government; members of the state tax commission: against police records before they are accepted. or the state commission of correction; or the reduces the service required in General Sessions to state industrial board; or the public service and the two weeks required in civil courts of Manhattan transit commissions: the commissioner of educa-l and the Bronx and prescribes procedure designed tion: or agriculture and markets, or social welfare ! to reduce annoyances incidental to jury service.

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