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Civil Service Rules in the City of New York
Source: An Official of the Commission Under the White Civil Service Law, Chapter 370. daily papers, The Civil Service Bulletin, and in the Laws of 1899. April 19, the rules apply to all po- City Record, on Ale in the city libraries. sitions in the service of the City of New York ex
General Instructions and Conditions cept officers elected by the people, all legislative
Age and Sex: All examinations are open to both officers and employees, heads of any department,
men and women of all ages unless advertisement or superintendents, principals, or teachers in a
states otherwise. public school, academy, or college.
Citizenship and Residence: Candidates must be The Unclassified Service includes elective officers; citizens of the United States and residents of the the officers and employees the C Council: State of New York at the time of filing applicamembers of the Board of Elections; the head, or tions. In order to be appointed to a position in heads, of any department of the City Government; any branch of the government of the City of New or any person appointed by name in any statute. York, applicants must have been residents of the
The Classified Service is divided into four classes: City of New York for three years at the time of namely:
appointment. Positions in those nine agencies Exempt Class---The Exempt Class includes the which are established under state law or which deputies of principal executive officers authorized employ people outside the city limits are open to by law to act generally for and in place of their
all eligible citizens of the United States but candiprincipals; one secretary of each officer, board, and dates must take up residence in New York State commission authorized by law to appoint a secre
prior to receiving appointment. tary; one clerk and one deputy clerk, if author- Military Service: Candidates who have entered ized by law, of each court, and one clerk of each the military, naval or marine service of the United elective judicial officer.
States, must within thirty days of induction into Non-Competitive Class-Includes all those po- such service, or of filing application is already in sitions of a minor nature, in the city institutions service, notify the Civil Service Commission of such or elsewhere, that it is not practicable to fill
Refunds: There is no fee charged for the applithrough competitive examination. Positions in the Non-Competitive Class
cation. Candidates whose applications are rejected
are filled as a result of the examinations held by the
will receive a refund of their fees from the department subject to approval or rejection by the
Comptroller's Office, one month after the exMunicipal Civil Service Commission.
amination is held. Labor Class-Includes
Notarization: All applications must be notarized all unskilled laborers except in the case of promotion examinations. and such skilled laborers as are not included in
Applicants for all positions in the Competitive the competitive or non-competitive classes.
and the Labor Classes are required to take a mediCompetitive Class- Includes all positions in cal and physical examination. the Classified Service (excepting those in the Applicants for Labor Class positions that require Exempt, Non-Competitive or the Labor Class) previous training or experience must take an oral, for which it is practicable to determine the merit or practical test; written examinations, generally and fitness of the applicant by competitive exami- to determine whether the candidate is able to read nation.
and write English, are given to applicants in the Filing Applications for Positions in Competitive Labor Class. Class-Applications for positions in the Competi- The headquarters of the Commission are in No. tive and Labor classes will be issued and received 299 Broadway; applications distributed and reonly for the position or positions advertised, and ceived in No. 96 Duane St. only during the period specified by the commission As of July 1, 1941, there were about 150.000 emin such advertisement. Advertisements for the ployees in the governmental units serviced by the various examinations appear in the prominent'City of New York Civil Service Commission.
Pensions for Employees of City of New York
Source: The Citizens Budget Commission, Inc. The New York City Employeees' Retirement Sys- after 20 years, for an annual service pension equal tem was established in 1920, on an actuarial reserve to one-half of their final pay. An annual pension basis, for all of the City's civil service employees bonus of $50 is provided for each year of continued who are not members of one of the City's other service after eligibility for retirement until a maxsystems. All such employees in the competitive imum of $500 has been reached. Policemen conand labor classes must, and other city employees tinue to enjoy optional retirement at age 55. may, become members, if their annual salary is New appointees to both uniformed forces after not less than $840. The City and the members March 29, 1940 are required to contribute an amount share approximately equally in the cost of the sufficient to provide 45% of their retirement allowsystem which provides retirement on the basis of ance of approximately one-half final compensation half of the average annual pay for any five con- computed upon an actuarial reserve basis. The secutive years. Laborers are eligible for retirement city contributes the remaining 55%. at age 58, skilled workers at 59 and other employees Dependents of policemen and firemen killed in at 60; or a member may elect to contribute at a line of duty receive annual pensions of half pay of higher rate for retirement at the minimum age of the deceased members. Benents are also provided 55. Employees must retire at age 70, unless a two- for retirement for disability. The added cost of year extension of service is granted by the Board these benefits is borne entirely by the City for those of Estimate. Such extension may be renewed to a who became members prior to March 29, 1940. maximum age of 80.
The City maintains five other pension funds Members of the teaching staffs of the Board of which are closed to new members and which will Education and the Board of Higher Education must gradually diminish as deaths exceed retirements, become members of the Teachers' Retirement Sys- These funds are those of the former Department of tem, to which both the City and members make Street Cleaning the Department of Health, the approximately equal contributions on an actuarial Appellate Division of the Supreme Court ist Dereserve basis. Retirement at half of the average partment, the General Sessions Court and the annual pay for the last five or any consecutive ten Kings County Court. These are not actuarial years is permitted after 35 years of service or upon funds. attainment of age 65, and is compulsory at age 70. The City also contributes to the New York Stale All other employees of the Board of Education must Employees' Retirement System for certain of its become members of the Board of Education Retire- library employees who are eligible for membership ment System. The City and the members contribute in that system. approximately equally on an actuarial reserve basis. The total appropriation for pensions in the City's The system provides retirement, at half of the budget for the fiscal year 1941-42 is $34, 481,956, exaverage annual pay for the last five years, at age clusive of the cost of administration. 60 or after 35 years of service, at the option of the The total income of the Retirement System, employee.
1920-1939, was $262,499.201; the total expenditures Policemen and firemen must become members of were $101,485,502. the Police Pension Fund and Fire Department Re- of the income, $113, 174,459 was the deduction lief Fund respectively, in which the benefits and from the compensation of the members; $98.739,712 conditions of membership were revised etfective represented appropriations by the City; $49, 197.603 March 29, 1940. Under the new conditions, police- was interest on investments, etc. men and firemen who were members prior to that or the expenditures, annuities, from the salary date, are required to contribute, but not on an deductions, totaled $7,131,173, pensions, from the actuarial reserve basis, either (1) Five per cent of City appropriations amounted to $28,278,266, ortheir salary for retirement after 25 years of service dinary death benefits, from City appropriations or, (2) Six per cent of their salary for retirement were $14,404,585.
The New York Municipal Airport (LaGuardia Field)
Source: An Official of the Field The New York Municipal Airport (LaGuardia / marked by green range lights and at the end of Field), costing $42,000,000 and considered the each runway are two narrow-beam floodlights, largest project of its kind in the world, occupies the each of 712 million candlepower. site of an old amusement park, North Beach, L. I.,
A control desk in the airways traffic control tower where a small, privately-owned field had been con
atop the landplane Administration Building is the
nerve center of the entire network of lights. An structed in 1929, utilized principally by private fly
airport in miniature is on this control desk, on ers. With condemned land purchased to the south
which tiny lights go on and off with the contact west of that field, and the filling in of a portion of lights, traffic lights and flood lights on the field. Bowery Bay, Rikers Island Channel and Flushing All radio receivers, including those of the airport Bay, plans were made to increase the original field itself and the airlines using the field, are located site to 558 acres, of which about 357 acres are man- on Rikers Island, to eliminate electrical interfermade. For this task & force of 5,000 men was ence from automobiles and machinery at the field. employed, working three shifts a day, six days a La Guardia Field has the heaviest air passenger week. When building construction started the traffic in the world-an average of 270 regularly force increased to a peak of 23,000 early in 1939. scheduled airliners arriving or departing daily, car
There are four great runways for land planes, rying an average of approximately 4,000 passengers. the longest, running northwest and southeast, At the busiest period of the day (around 5 P.M.) being 6,000 feet in length and 200 feet wide; No. 2, an airliner arrives or departs every minute. There running northeast and southwest, is 5,000 feet long are 4,500 employees on the airport, with an average and 200 feet wide. Runway No. 3, running east payroll of $8,500,000. During the year 1940, the and west, and No. 4, running north and south, are seventh huge land plane hangar was completed 4,500 feet and 3,532 feet long respectively. Both (cost $1,400,000), as well as the Eastern Regional are 150 feet wide.
Office Building and hangar for the Civil AeronauOffices of the United States Weather Bureau and tics Administration (cost $450,000). The loading the two departments of the Civil Aeronautics and dispatch of planes is accomplished from a Administration-Air Traffic Communications and
huge loading deck handling twenty-five planes at Air Traffic Control--are located on the third floor one time, all within view of a 1,500-foot-long, obof the Administration Building from which offices servation deck used by spectators, access to which all air traffic in the northeastern part of the United is gained by ten-cent turnstiles. There are well States is coordinated.
over a million paid admissions yearly. The extreme western portion of the airport is There are three large restaurants on the field occupied by the Marine Terminal, to the south and seating over 1,500 people at one time. LaGuardia west of which is the marine terminal hangar, a Field is almost a small air city, having its own five-sided building of such dimensions that two branch post office, a branch bank, a branch stock regulation sized football fields could be laid out broker, and several shops that are branches of on its floor and occupied at the same time. A well known New York stores. The airlines operatsecond large seaplane hanger is (1941) in process ing from LaGuardia Field are American Airlines, of construction. Giant clipper planes in the Transcontinental and Western Air, United Airlines, European or Bermuda trade land or take off on Canadian Colonial Airlines, Eastern Airlines, Pan seaplane operating channels or on Long Island American Airways, American Export Airlines and Sound, reached through a taxi-strip of water. Transcanada Airlines. Airmail letters can be
At night the buildings are marked out by red mailed at any hour at LaGuardia Field day or lights; the runways bordered by contact lights 200 night, and are forwarded immediately on the next feet apart.
The ends of the four runways are plane to their destination.
Air Mail Time, N. Y. City to Foreign Places
Source: United States Government Foreign Air Mail Service; schedules are as of Aug. 11, 1939
Air mail service to Mexico, Central and South America, West Indies
Martinique (2); Mexico City (1); Tampico (1);
Lima, Peru (2); Puerto Rico (1); Paramaribo, SuriDominica to Antigua (thence by ordinary means) nam (3), Uruguay, via Buenos Aires (4-5); Mara(2); Quito, Ecuador (2); Guadeloupe (2); Guate
caibo, Venezuela (2); mala (1);
Newfoundland-Via Moncton, Can. (3).
15); New Guinea (21-22): Straits Settlements
via Hong Kong (8), via Singapore (11-13); BangChina (Hong Kong) (8); French Indo-China
kok (13). (Hanoi) (13); Rangoon 14); Calcutta (14-15); Iraq (16); Alexandria (17); Khartoum (19); Delhi (14-15); Karachi (14-15);
New York General Post Office
Source: An Official of the Establishment
Mall Deliveries-Manhattan Borough, 3 to 4: business in that district. The Foreign Section is in
between 149th and 150th Streets.
The Flag of the City of New York
Source: Official Records The official city flag tells the story of the origin a spread eagle, distinctly American. The date 1664 and early history of the city-founded by the Dutch is the year of transfer from Dutch to English in 1626 as "New Amsterdam." It was renamed sovereignty. New York in 1664 and a year later, on June 24,
The Mayor has an offcial flag, the samne in design
as the flag of the city, except that upon the middle 1665, the municipal government was formally
or white bar there are above the design of the seal, transferred to the Mayor and Board of Aldermen
in & semi-circle, five blue five-pointed stars, typiof the City of New York, as successors in office of fying the five boroughs of the City; the dimensions the Burgomasters and Schepens of the City of of the flag are 33 inches by 44 inches. New Amsterdam.
The Bronx flag, in use it is stated since March, The colors in the flag are Dutch-blue, white and 1912. has orange, white and blue in horizontal orange in perpendicular bars, the same which bars, with a design in center encircled by a laurel floated over the Island of Manhattan more than 300
wreath greater in diameter than the width of the
white stripe. The crest upon a hemisphere is an years ago. The colors are exact, a pure Indigo blue
American eagle with wings displayed, the shield in use in 1662 and the distinctive color of the
is a sun rising from the sea and upon a ribbon Prince of Orange.
beneath the shield are the words "Ne cede malis." The seal of the city which is the device on the
The Queens Borough flag adopted by the borough middle or white bar of the flag stamped in blue itself on June 3, 1913 (without official recognition contains in & central position the wings of a by ordinance) has two blue stripes separated by windmill, with a flour barrel on each flank, denot- a white stripe horizontally. A circle of wampum ing the early industry of Manhattan. The sailor
in the center of the flag within which are a tulip at the left symbolizes its sea-borne trade. He is of the Dutch, and a double red and white rose of dressed in garments of the English sailor of that the English. At the upper left-hand corner of the period, in his right hand is a line and plumet and flag is Queen Catharine's crown for whom the above his right shoulder is a cross-staff. At the borough was named, and the date 1898 signifying other side of the shield stands a Manhattan the year in which the borough became a part of Indian, with characteristic bow and head-dress. the Greater City of New York. The beaver at the top and bottom of shield was The Police Department has its own flag adopted the native animal of Manhattan and indicates in 1919 and the Department of Public Charities work as well as industry and trade. The crest is (now Welfare) adopted a flag in 1908.
THE NEW YORK CITY HALL The first City Hall was the Stadt Huys, at No. 73 The Governor's Room is so called because it Pearl St., a stone building, erected in 1642 by Gov. was set apart for the Governor's use when he Kleft at the West India Company's expense, used
should be in the city.
In the Governor's Room may be seen Trumbull's first as a warehouse and tavern. In 1653, when the
portraits of Washington and Hamilton, also other Burgher government was established, the tavern
portraits of Governors, Mayors, and eminent was converted into the Stadt Huys, or City Hall.
Americans, by Trumbull and other artists, also The original 5-lb. key which fitted the lock of
the chair in which Washington was inaugurated 73 Pearl Street in 1642 was presented to Mayor first president of the United States, the desk on LaGuardia on July 18, 1941 by Richard S. Palmer,
which he penned his first message to Congress, a descendant of City Controller Thomas Palmer
and several of the chairs used by the First ConThe second City Hall stood on the northeast gress, brought from Federal Hall
(second City corner of Nassau and Wall Sts. The site is now
Hall), before mentioned; a bust of Henry Clay. occupied by the United States Subtreasury build
Among the historic associations of City Hall ing.
Park was the reading of the Declaration of Inde"The old edifice, begun Aug. 9, 1699, and finished pendence to the American Army there assmbled in 1703 from designs by James Evetts, architect, July 9, 1776-an event commemorated by a tablet was not only the seat of municipal government on the south front of the building. but also of the provincial government when the
On Monday, Aug. 16, 1824, when william PauldState Legislature met in New York, and of the ing (nephew of Andre's captor) was Mayor, LatayFederal Government during the first year after ette was received there after a brilliant reception the inauguration therein of Washington as First at the Battery and some ceremonies at Castle President of the United States.
Garden. In August, 1858, the laying of the Atlantic The cornerstone of the third and present City cable was celebrated by an illumination of the City Hall was laid by Mayor Edward
Livingston. May Hall, from which the building caught fire. The 26, 1803. The plans were by McComb & Mangin.
front was blackened with smoke and the windows The building was formally dedicated on May 5, remained boarded up for a long time, 1812, although the Common Council had met there During the visit or Albert Edward (then Prince as early as Aug. 12, 1811. The edifice is in the style of Wales, and late King of England) to this of the italian Renaissance, 216 feet long by 205 feet country in 1860 he was received at the City Hall. deep. The south front and sides are of Stockbridge President Lincoln's body lay there in state, in (Mass.) marble, but the rear was built of brown- 1865, after his assassination. stone. City Hall Park in Dutch colonial days was In more recent
years, the Prince of Wales, the De Vlackte (the flat) and in British colonial times King and Queen of the Belgians, Marshal Joffre was variously called the Fields, and the Common.
of France, Gen. Pershing, Col. Charles A. LindBesides the executive offices of the Mayor, Presi- bergh and many other notables have been redent of the Council and the Art Commission, the ceived at the City Hall. Board of Estimate and Council Chambers, the There have been several summer City Halls, the building contains one room of unusual interest, latest in Queens Borough, overlooking the World's the Governor's Room.
Fair Lake north of Forest Hills,
THE MUNICIPAL BUILDING The building begun in 1910 and occupied in 1913, shape of pilasters of the same height as the cost $11,787,213. It faces west on Center St. and columns. east on Park Row. Its extreme north-and-south Above this surrounding colonnade of columns dimension is 450 feet; east-and-west, 300 feet. and pilasters comes the main wall surface of the
Number of stories in height, including tower building, which is treated with vertical bands, and stories, 40. Total height from curb to top of figure, the colonnade is echoed at the top of the building 580 feet. Estimated weight 377,320,000 pounds. by_one of less height, Total cubical contents, 19,490,000 cubic feet. From the middle of the court on the eastern
Maximum depth of caisson foundations below side rises the tower, which has been given a curb, 147 feet.
municipal character; that is, one in consonance The basement, having an area of two and one- with the tower of the City Hall, and of a character eighth acres, is utilized in part as & station for the that has been used frequently in city halls in this subway, which runs directly underneath the build- country and abroad. ing.
The copper figure surmounting the tower repre. Chambers St. runs through the middle of the sents Civic Fame, and is that of a woman in a building, and the court is closed on the western flowing robe. Her height is 20 feet and she is elevation by an open screen of columns, which posed on a copper ball. serve the purpose of binding together the north Her left hand holds a mura! crown of five and south pavilions of the building.
parapets, representing the five boroughs, surThis colonnade rises to an average height of 70 rounded by dolphins, emblem of a sea port. On feet, and is to be crowned by colossal figures. The her right arm is a shield on which is the city's colonnade is continued around the building in the coat of arms
Area of New York City
Source: Chief Engineer's Bureau, Board of Estimate (The geographic center of the City is in Brooklyn, on the lot line in the block midway between Van
Buren Street and Greene Avenue, 200 feet west of Reid Avenue) The City (five boroughs) of New York has an miles, breadth 10.3 miles; Queens, length 15.1 extreme length, north and south, of 36 miles; and miles, breadth 13.7 miles; Richmond, length 15.5 an extreme breadth of 1612 miles, measuring from miles, breadth 7.0 miles. the North River along 23d Street, Manhattan, and The area of the incoporated City of New York, thence to the easterly border of Queens Borough. according to the Chief Engineer is, in square miles,
From the western border of the Borough of Rich- as follows: Manhattan, 22.24; Brooklyn, 74.47; mond to the eastern border of Queens Borough, Bronx, 42.82; Queens, 110.78; Richmond, 60.53; the distance is 25 miles.
total city, 310.84.. Manhattan Borough is 1212 miles long and its By acres, the areas of the boroughs are as follows: extreme breadth is 21 miles; Bronx, length 8.1 Manhattan, 14,240; Bronx, 27, 406: Brooklyn, 47,660; miles, breadth 9.2 miles; Brooklyn, length 11.5 Queens, 70,898; Richmond, 38,738; total-198,942.
DISTANCES IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK (FROM THE CITY HALL)
City Hall To
8% E. 149th St. 122 Mosholu Pky. Canal St.
E. 73rd St.
& Webster Av.
9 E. 159th St. 12% E. 205th St. E, Houston St 5% E. 83rd St.
972 E. 164th St. 13 E. 208th St. E. 4th St.
9% E. 166th St. 13% Wil'msbridge 1% E. 9th St. 5% E. 93rd St. 9% E. 168th St.
Jerome Av. & 2 E, 19th St. E. 102nd St. 104 E, 172nd St.
Woodl'd Rd. E. 24th St.
E. 107th St. 1042 E. 174th St. 13% Jerome Av. & 2% E. 29th St.
E. 112th St.
Mt. Vern. Ay. 2% E. 34th St.
E. 117th St.
Jerome Av. &
E. 233rd St. 3% E. 44th St.
E. 128th St. 11 E. 186th St. 14% E. 237th St. & E. 49th St.
E. 134th St.
Mt. Vern. Av. 3% E. 54th St. 8 E. 139th St.
14% E. 239th St.
E. 199th St. 14% City line. 4% E. 63rd St. It is three-quarters of a mile from the Battery to is 1 mile; Grand Street is 248 miles; Houston Street City Hall.
is 26 miles; Fourteenth Street is 29 miles; It is half a mile from the Custom House, at Twenty-third Street is 296 miles; Inwood is 3
mile. Bowling Green, to the City Hall.
From Twenty-third Street northward to One The distance across the city. At Battery Place is Hundred and Twenty-fifth Street the width of the mile; Fulton Street is 34 mile; Chambers Street | island averages from 2 to 214 miles.
ALTITUDES IN NEW YORK CITY
Data marked with relate to street elevations. Manhattan:
Richmond: 1. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 183rd
1. Windsor Road between Todt Hill Road St. (Washington Heights)
and Little Clove Road 2. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 184th
2. Highest point in the City, south of St. (Washington Heights)
the intersection of Todt Hill Road 3. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 190th
and Ocean Terrace, 300' s.w. of St. (Washington Heights)
Todt Hill Road and 540' s. of Ocean 4. Audubon Avenue at W. 193rd St.
Terrace. Coordinate position w.
20,000 S. 21,000..
Brooklyn: 5. Fort Washington at w. 184th St. (nat
1. Prospect Park West and 18th St..... ural surface
2. Barbey Street and Highland Blvd. 6. Inwood Hill Park (natural surface).... 230
near the entrance to Forest Park The Bronx:
3. Greenwood cemetery, Highway monu1. Grosvenor Avenue at W. 252nd St.
ment on a cemetery road inside the (Riverdale)
9th Ave, gate, on Reservoir Hili.. 2. University Ave. at Strong St. (Kings
162 1. Southerly Service Roadway, Grand 3. Mosholu Parkway North at West Gun
Central Parkway, at Station 374 +00
near Glen Oaks Clubhouse 1.650 4. Private property within the loop of
feet east of Little Neck Parkway Grovenor Avenue north of W. 250th
and 2.000 feet west of Nassau St.
Todt Hill, Staten Island, rises from the Rich- 1 Cortlandt Park, 193.39; Riverdale Ave. and Spuyten mond Road at Dongan Hills on the rapid transit Duyvil Parkway, 178.49; Grand Boulevard and railway, and overlooks New Dorp and the Moravian Concourse, and E. 199th st., 148.64; Hall of Fame Cemetery, where the Vanderbilts lie buried. This Terrace, at University Ave., 170.32; Poe Park, E. is the highest point on the Atlantic Coast south 192d st., 140.22; east approach to Washington of Maine
Bridge, at University and Aqueduct Aves., 141.63. Other elevations in Manhattan above sea level,
Other Brooklyn altitudes are: Base of the expressed in feet and decimals
thereof, are: Cus- Museum on Eastern Parkway, at Washington Ave., tom House, 17.06; Bowling Green, 21.75: Pine St. 163.44; 9th Ave. (Prospect Park West). 32 feet and Broadway, 40.78; Municipal Building, 41.61; south of 14th st. 155.34; Prospect Park West City Hall, 44.74; Astor Place, 43.01; Union Square, and 5th St., 162.16; Union St., Plaza, at Flatbush 45.13; Columbus Circle. 86.64; Central Park near Ave., 146.29; 59th St. and 5th Ave., 116.96. W. 93rd St., 114.14; Amsterdam Ave., at Trinity The highest track elevation (altitude above Mean Cemetery, 148.73; Audubon Ave., at w. 174th St.. High Water at base of rall) on the subways is 161.2 185.92; Wadsworth Ave. near W. 1820 st., 188.33; feet, on the Washington Heights Line at Fort High 'Bridge water tower, at the street level, Washington Avenue and 175th Street (8th Ave., 203.25.
subway system). The highest natural elevation in the Bronx-284 The lowest track elevation (depth below Mean feet 6 inches-is on the hill bounded by Iselin Ave., High Water at base of rail
is 113.12 feet under the Highland Ave., and w. 250th St., Riverdale Hill. East Channel of the East River on the 60th Street Other Bronx altitudes are: Jerome Ave., near E. River Tunnels of the B.M.T. Broadway-7th Ave. 233d St., 210.73; Jerome and Mosholu Aves.. Van 60th St.
The New York City Transit System
Source: Officials of the Board of Transportation The New York City Transit System is the largest company properties totalled $326,248,187, including municipally owned and operated transit property in $9,250,000 for the elevated lines condemned for the United States. It is the sole owner and oper
removal. Just previous to acquiring title to the ator of all the subway and elevated lines in the privately owned lines, the city, through conCity of New York and the owner and operator of
demnation proceedings took title to the Fulton St.
and 5th Ave. "L" Lines in Brooklyn and the 9th trolley and bus lines in the Borough of Brooklyn, and 2nd Ave. "L" Lines in Manhattan. The some of which extend into the Boroughs of Queens structures of the 9th Ave. "L" Line south of 155th and Manhattan. It has under its operating juris- St. station, and the 2nd Ave. "L" Line north or diction slightly less than 250 route miles of rapid the Queensboro connection, (59th St.), in Mantransit lines, almost 225 route miles of trolley lines, hattan have been demolished and the structures and 80 miles of bus routes. Subsequent to June 30, of the Fulton St. and 5th Ave. "L" Lines in 1941, four of the trolley lines were motorized and Brooklyn are being demolished. four other lines were in process of motorization. The New York City Transit System operates in
The New York City Transit System is the result Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx and Queens Borof the Unification in June, 1940, of two of the oughs, under the administration of the Board of large privately owned transit companies with the Transportation. For operating purposes, the entire City owned and operated Independent Subway Sys- System has been divided into three divisions known tem. The purchase price of the privately owned as the IRT, BMT and IND Divisions.
INDEPENDENT DIVISION Trunk Lines—From 211th St. and Broadway, Fulton St.-Brooklyn Line-The Fulton St. line, down Broadway to the vicinity of Dyckman St., running from Lafayette Ave. and Ft. Greene Place. southwesterly to 193d St. and Overlook Terrace: along Fulton St. to Rockaway Ave., went into down Ft. Washington Ave. to 174th St.
operation on April 9, 1936. It connects at Rockaway Thence southeasterly to Broadway and 173rd St., Avenue with the Fulton Street Line of the BMT down Broadway to St. Nicholas Ave., down St. Division. The construction of an extension to the Nicholas Ave. to Eighth Ave. and 122nd St., down Fulton St. Subway from Rockaway Ave. to Grant Eighth Ave. and into Central Park West, along the Ave. and Sunrise Highway is in progress. Park wall, skirting Columbus Circle, down Eighth Bronx-Concourse Line-From a connection with Ave. again to 53rd St. where it joins the Queens the Washington Heights Line at St. Nicholas Line to Jamaica.
Ave. and 148th St., under St. Nicholas Place to From 53d St. the trunk line goes down Eighth the Harlem River at 157th St., under the river to Ave. to a junction at Sixth Ave., Carmine St. and Jerome Ave. and 16 1st St., under 16 1st St. to the Houston St., where the lower East Side link extends Concourse and under the Concourse to Mosholu through Houston St. toward the Bowery, eastward Parkway. Thence the line turns easterly through to Essex St., to Rutgers St., the East River to Van Cortlandt Ave, to 205th St., to Webster Ave. Brooklyn.
The Bronx Concourse line to 205th St. and Webster From the junction of Sixth Ave. and Carmine Ave., was put in service on July 1, 1933. St. the line continues down the Sixth Ave. exten- The 53rd St.-Jamaica Line extends from a consion to the Holland Tunnel Crossing over to nection to the 8th Ave. line at 53rd St., to Long IsLispenard and Church Sts., it continues southerly land City; thence via Jackson Ave., Steinway Ave., to Fulton St., and passes under the East River to Broadway, Queens Boulevard, 137th St., Hillside Cranberry St., Brooklyn. The line was put in oper- Ave., to 169th St. A part of the line, extending ation from 207th St. to Fulton St. on Sept. 10, 1932. from 8th Ave., Manhattan, to Roosevelt Ave.,
From Cranberry St. the line proceeds through Queens, went in operation on Aug. 19, 1933. The High St., to Jay St., to Smith St., Ninth St. to portion from Roosevelt Ave. to Union Turnpike was Prospect Park West, where tracks branch.
put in operation on Dec. 31, 1936, and to 169th St., The express tracks pass under the westerly cor- on April 24, 1937. ner of Prospect Park and thence to McDonald Ave., The Houston-Essex St. Line extending along where it eventually will be physically connected Houston St. and Essex St. from Sixth Ave. to with the existing Culver Line to Coney Island. The East Broadway. was put in operation January 1, part from Fulton St., Manhattan, to Jay St.. 1936. The extension of this line across the East Brooklyn, was put in operation on Feb. 1, 1933; train River via the Rutgers-Jay St. tunnel to York St. service extended to Bergen St., Brooklyn, on March station (Brooklyn). was put in operation April 9, 20, 1933; to Church Ave., Brooklyn, on Oct. 7, 1933. 1936.
Another line enters Brooklyn through Jay Street The 6th Ave. Line-The 6th Ave. Line extends by way of a tunnel from the foot of Rutgers St. under 6th Ave. from 8th St. to 53rd St., Manhatin Manhattan. The Smith St.-Church Ave. line tan. At the southerly end at 8th St., it connects goes into Manhattan by the Rutgers St. tunnel, with the 8th Ave. Trunk Line, and at 53rd St. it under the East River to 53rd St., to Jamaica, connects with the 53rd St.-Jamaica Line, as well as
At the intersection of Schermerhorn and Smith with the Washington Heights and Concourse Lines. Sts., Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Crostown Line turns It was opened for service Dec. 15, 1940, easterly into Schermerhorn St. and out across Dyre Ave.-174th St. Line, formerly the New York, Central Brooklyn to 169th St., Jamaica The Westchester and Boston Railroad, will extend from Brooklyn Crosstown portion of this line between the East 180th Street Station in the Bronx, norththe Hoyt-Schermerhorn St. station and the Nassau erly to the Dyre Ave. Station at the City limits. Ave. station in Greenpoint was opened July 1, At its southerly terminal, East 180th Street, West 1937. A part of the line, from Nassau Ave., Brook- Farms, it connects with the White Plains Road lyn, to Queens Plaza. Queens, went into operation Line of the IRT Division. Operation under City on Aug. 19, 1930.
management started May 16, 1941. 1. R. T. (INTERBOROUGH RAPID TRANSIT) DIVISION The west side system starts on an elevated struc- a shuttle service under 42nd St., between Times ture at Livonia and New Lots Aves., East New Sq. and Grand Central Station. York (Brooklyn), goes on Livonia Ave. to Saratoga The west side-east side systems have an elevated Ave., then turns into Eastern Parkway, where it extension on Jerome Ave. extending north from becomes a subway. It runs through the Eastern Mott Ave. and 149th St., up through Fordham Parkway to Flatbush Ave., at Eighth Ave., thence and Bedford Park to a point between Van Cortto Fulton St., to Clark St., and under the East landt Park and Woodlawn Cemetery, ending at River to William St., Manhattan; to Beckman St. about 214th St. to West Broadway: to Varick St.; to Seventh Ave.: The east side system starts at Flatbush and Atto Broadway: to St. Nicholas Ave.: to Amstredam lantic Aves. (Long Island R.R. Terminal), BrookAve.; to Broadway; to 242d St., at Van Cortlandt lyn, goes under Flatbush Ave., to Fulton St.: to Park.
Joralemon St; under the East River to Battery Another branch of the west side system starts at Park, Manhattan; under Broadway, to Park Row Flatbush and Nostrand Aves., Brooklyn, and runs to the Brooklyn Bridge, to Lafayette St., to Fourth in a subway through Nostrand Ave. to the Eastern Ave.; to 42nd St. (Grand Central Station); to Parkway, where it joins the other branch.
Lexington Ave. to 130th St.; thence under the At 96th St. and Broadway, the west side system Harlem River to Mott Ave. to 149th St., where it has a branch (part of the original Interborough energes onto an elevated structure, to Westchester subway) that extends under Central Park to Lenox Ave., to the Southern Boulevard, to the southern Ave., to 145th St., and under the Harlem River to part of Bronx Park (Bronx Zoo). 149th St., where it joins the east side trunk line An extension of the east side system starts at on Westchester Ave, and the Southern Boulevard. Mott Ave. and 138th St. and goes through 138th Just south of Bronx Park an extension on an St. to the Southern Boulevard; to Whitlock Ave. elevated structure, branches off and goes along to Westchester Ave., and through Old Westchester White Plaiis Road to 241st St.; also used by Third Village to the Eastern Boulevard, at the west side Ave. "L" trains north of Gun Hill Road. There is of Pelham Bay Park.