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Manufactures in New York State, 1849.1939

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

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No. No. Wage Horse Wages in Cost of Value of Year Estab. Earners Power the Year Materials Products Capital

Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars 1849. 23,553 199,349

49,131,000 134,655,674 237.597,249 99,904,405 1859. 22,624 230,112

65,446.759 214.813,061 378,870,939 172,895,652 1869

36,206 351,800 334.363 142,466,758 452.065.452 785,194,651 366,994,320 1879

42,739 531,533 454,143 198,634,029 679,612,545 1,080,696,596 514,246,575 1889

65,840 752,066 776,820 370,380,559. 871 264.085 1.711,577,671 1,130,161,195 1899.

78,658) 849,056 1,181.369) 408,855,652) 1,143.791,776 2,175.726,900 1,651,210.220 The figures for the above years include data for "hand and neighborhood industries," such as blacksmithing, carpentry, shoe repairing, tailoring, etc. The figures for the years in the table below exclude such items, taking in only the larger plants.

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Dollars Dollars

Dollars Dollars 1899.

35,957 726,909 1,099.931 337,323,585 1,018,377,186 1.871,830,872 1,523,502,651 1904

37.194 856.947 1,516.592 430,014,851 1.348,603,286/2,488,345,579 2.031,459,515 1909

44,935 1,003,981 1,997.662 557,230,8391,856,904,3423,369,490.192 2,779,496,814 1914

48,203 1,057,857 2,356,655 631,042,0112,108,607,361 3.814,661,114|3.334,277.526 1919

49.330 1,228.130 2,926.963 1,458,206,804 4.943,213,919 8,867.004.906 6.012,082,567 1921 38, 107 1,000,414

1,303,421,470 3,687.584,127|6,973,506,287 1923

38,183 1,150.889 3,263.325 1,581.321,565 4.764,026,655 8.959.964,363 1925

33,392 1.066.198) 3,348,184 1,533,888,975 4,704,750,680 8,968,262,479 1927

36,6501 1,072.284 3,671,185 1,605,378,086/4.804,172,8749,400.061.376 1929 39,273 1,104,335

1,648,379,4334 935,505,313 9.892.763,168 1931 34,482 846,804

1,103,668,695 3,098,913,243|6,500, 400, 769 1933. 25,979 733,452

754,366,8812,196,384,854 4,596,257,962 1935. 33,638 895,991

1,018,243,211 3,086,236,230|6,094,393,038 1935(a). 33,569 878,592

991,677,618 3,307,514,760 6,963,850,154 1937 29,749 995,658

1,236,048,186 3,998, 266,070/7,314,446,524 1939 34,514 957,853

(1,163,806,520 3,783,904,75517,134,400,147 The 1937 census did not include data for "gas, in the above table are a revision by the Bureau of manufactured, illuminating and heating," nor data the census, by deducting data for the industries for "railroad repair shops." The 1935 (a) figures | named.

CHIEF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN N. Y. STATE IN 1939

Wage

earners Industry

(average Wages

Value of for the

Products

year). All industries, total: 1939.

957,854 $1,163,785,198 $7,134,400,147 1937.

995,658 1,236,048,186 7,314,446.524 Alloying, except aluminum

4,912

6,919,250 57,689,722 Aircraft and parts.

6,262

9,602,468 30,398,311 Blast-furnace products

1,282

2,029,573 36,890.837 Books..

4,461

7,312,085 93,882,344 Bread and other bakery products

31,398 46,249,243 204,500,877 Cane sugar refining

2,650
3,782,706

79,738,320 Carpet and rugs, wool and mats

12,911

15,349,871 64,123,427 Chemicals, not elsewhere classified

9,358 15,008,001 122,306,542 Children's and infants' wear.

8,578

8,620,269 57.278,584 Coats, suits and skirts (except fur coats)

26,781 37,145,562 231.848.667 Drugs and medicines....

4,522

4,786,677 62,283,358 Flour and other grain-mill products

1,873

2,689,453 75,590.791 Food preparations, not elsewhere classided

2,310

2,233,715 40,277.756 Footwear (except rubber)

31,221

28,805,532 104, 144,500 Fur coats and other fur garments

10,969 20,500,244 151.257,638 General commercial (Job) printing

17,433 25,761,944 102,015,813 Knitted outerwear and underwear

17,356 13,396,964 72,390,049 Leather

11,785 11,196,058 55,590,182 Lithographing

6,839

10,752, 763 43,429,451 Machine shop products, not elsewhere classified

4,838

6,268,155 27,393,190 Malt liquors

4,395

8,513,770 86,703,575 Mest packing, wholesale.

5,755

8,679,563 155,400,375 Men's and boys' wear.

54,689 58,450,653 397,358,307 Millinery

13,021

16,284,017 64,996,199 Motor vehicles, bodles, parts and accessories

16,077 23, 178,451 197.884,816 Newspapers..

14,049 27,497,755 159,456,907 omce and store machines, not elsewhere classified

10,745 14,331,390 30,818,254 Paper.

27,942 31,298.075 198,255,609 Pertumes, cosmetics and other preparations.

4,623

4,231,589 51,964,567 Periodicals

3,372

5,442,676 197,309,424 Petrollum refining

1,523

2,789,911 46,344,991 Prepared feeds (including mineral) for animals and fowls. 2,242

3,013,973 92,881.744 Radio, radio tubes and phonographs

4,873

5,652,620 40.995,021 Shipbuilding and ship repairing.

7,277 12,368,190 32,656.555 Women's and misses' dresses ...

59,571 61,035, 007 368,150,488 Women's pocketbooks, handbags and purses,

6,564

5,818,379 32,401,424 Woolen and worsted manufacturers.

7,021

6,972,204 35,868,482 Four of the 33 great industrial areas of the United States which have altogether more than one-half of the installed electric motors in manufacturing plants are located in the State of New York, according to the 1939 returns of the Bureau of the Census.

These four industrial areas are (1) New York City-Newark-Jersey City: (2) Buffalo, covering Eric and Niagara Counties: (3. Rochester, covering Monroe County: (4) Albany-Schenectady-Troy, covering Albany; Rensselaer and Schenectady Countles.

The Chicago area ranks first in power concentration with prime movers, totaling over 1,400,000 horsepower. Detroit is next, and the New York City-Newark-Jersey City area is third.

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Manufactures in Chief Cities, N. Y. State

Source: United States Bureau of the Census.
Wage
Wages (Value of

Wage Wages Value of
City
Year Earners In Year Product

City

Year Earners In Year Product Av. No. $1.000 $1,000

Av. No. $1,000 $1,000 Albany..

1939 4,859 6,457 43,425 Niagara Falls... 1939 11.656 17,362 129,219
1937
5,215
6,009 40,472

1937 14,157 22,029 141,542
1935 7,307 8,891
41.658

1935 11,392 14,327 96,301 1933 7,206 7.844 34,689

1933 8,763 9.769 68.117 1931 7,218 8,481 35,022

1931

9,401 11,915 82,867 1929 8,097 11,493 52,600

1929 13,211 19.870 131,207 Amsterdam 1939 9,384 9.068 40,516 Rochester..

1939 47,908 66.683 314,932 1937 10,590 10.287 48,170

1937 53,601 73.345 303,364 1935 9.330 8.252 34.299

1935 42,318 48,272 222,334 1933 8,034 6,089 24,337

1933 35,188 34.347 159 245 1931 8.215 7.724 25,757

1931

43,672 50,318 242,188 1929 10.001 11,546 51,656

1929 58,448 82,416 380,701 Binghamton 1939 8,150 8,714 44.074 Rome.

1939 4,665 6,007 39.268 1937 7,940 8,840 45,913

1937 5,519 6,835 42.004 1935 6,624 6,751 34,406

1935 4,235 4,171 19.277 1933 6.327 5,281 27.047

1933 3,571 2,869 15,782 1931 8,235 7,779 42.357

1931 3,451 3,129

20,909 1929 9,294 10.733 53,052

1929 5,762 7.223 57,033 Buffalo. 1939 45,869 59.931 487,517 Syracuse

1939 18,199 22,033 104,443 1937 56.958 76,258 623,103

1937 19,836 25,674 107,435 1935 49.758 57.520 497,543

1935 16,322 17,612 78,373 1933 41,928 42,275 331,831

1933 12,030 10,839 49,626 1931 47,545 59,201 448,331

1931 14,643 16,280 77.532 1929 68,854 100.578 720,201

1929 26,486 39,152 181.798 Elmira .. 1939 5,135 6.090 24,598 Troy

1939 8,174 7,929 38,380 1937 5,850 7,073 22,831

1937 9,443 8.359 40.312 1935 2,587 2,856 12.343

1935 8,914 7,428 32,744 1933 2,583 2.398 11.808

1933 7,435 5,650 26,413 1931 3.762 4,295 19,790

1931

7,678 7,067 31,643 1929 5.700 8.110 31,878

1929 11,272 11.272 44,418 Jamestown 1939 7,030 8,160 35,886 Utica.

1939 11,552 11,432 58,230 1937 8,857 10,527 42,291

1937 12,154 12,306 55,711 1935 6,954 6,849 28,447

1935 10.374 8.985 45.060 1933 5.773 4,537 21,413

1933 9.631 7.491 39,283 1931 7.207 8,597 33,529

1931 10,437 10,125 43,465 1929 9,040 13,788 54,220

1929 13,195 14,320 65,187 Lockport 1939 4,206 5,422 32,113 Yonkers

1939 8,689 10.824 50,992 1937 4,854 6,615 38,518

1937 9,706 10,729 51,161 1935 3,459 4,199 25,495

1935 7,853 8,274 32,609 1933 2,889 2,608 15.095

1933 6.093 5,110 21.775 1931 3,021 3,544 21.372

1931 6,281 6.118 30.179 1929 3,987 5,811 38.769

1929 13,127 17,284 113.537 Note by the Bureau of Census-No 1937 statistics by industries were published for cities having fewer than 25,000 inhabitants in the 1930 Census of Population. The city of Lockport had 23,100.

Religious Denominations in New York State, 1936

Source: United States Bureau of the Census.
Mem-
Mem-

MemDenomination bers Denomination bers Denomination

bers Roman Catholic.. 3,075,428 Salvation Army

9,270 Ch. of God in Christ.

1,411 Jewish... 2.197,418 Volunteers of America... 890 Amer. Ethical Union.

1,531 Protestant Episcopal. 349,528|Unitarian ..

5,788 African Orthodox ..

1,640 Methodist 304,671 Universalist.

6,994 Ch. of God, Sts. of Christ 6,366 Lutheran 342,701 | Assemblies of God

4,374 Old Catholic..

6,868 Presbyterian 247.780||Christadelphian.

131 Fire Baptized Holiness.. 172 Baptist. 188,010 | Spiritualists

Independent Churches.. 7,137 Congregational 70,164 (Nat'l. Assoc.).

727 Evangelical..

7,555 Reformed. 67.400 || Spiritualists

Adventist.

6,452 Evangelical (Reformed). 34,333 (Progressive).

97 | Christian, Mission'y Alli. 3,656 Federated Churches, di8,827 Spiritualista

United Brethren..

3,592 Ch. of Christ Scientist. 15,875 (Nat'l. Alliance)

60|| Polish Nat'l. Catholic. 9,835 Friends orthodox). 3,262 Spiritualists

Disciples of Christ

10,583 Friends (Hicksite) 1.737 (Gen'l. Assembly). 1,536|Ch. of Armenia.

2.288 Ch. of Nazarene 1,948 Scandinavian ( Evangel.) 2,495|Catholic Apostolie.

1.100 Moravian. 3,880 Scandinavian

Plymouth Brethren.

3,160 Latter Day Saints.

1,817
(Norweg., Danish)...
843 Italian Bodies

3,148 Latter Day Saints

New Apostolic.
1,158 Mennonite Bodies.

793 (Reorganized)

840 The following denominations have no reported Schwenkfelders; Vedanta Society. membership in the State of New York:

In 1665, Catholics sought to convert the OnonApostolic (Assyian Jacobite); Apostolic (over- dagas and other tribes in New York. coming); Baha-is, Buddhist; Brethren (River); There were Jews in the original colonies before Brethren (Social); Brethren (German Baptist) 1650. In New York, then New Amsterdam, there (Dunkers); Catholic (Lithuanian National) Catho- were Jews in 1654. lic (Liberal); Christ (Holiness); Christ (Churches In 1760 Philip Embury, a Wesleyan local preacher of); Christ's Sanctified (Negro); Congregational from Ireland, landed in New York with members Holiness; Christian Union; Congregational (Evan- of his Irish class. gelical); Divine Science; Episcopal (Reformed); A Lutheran congregation was formed on ManGod, Churches of (Holiness); God (General Elder- hattan Island in 1648. ship); God (The Living); Gospel (Foursquare); The Episcopalians in 1698 consecrated Trinity Holiness; Holy Church (United); Holiness (Pil- Church in New York City. grim):

Negro (Independent); New Jerusalem The Reformed religion came to New Netherland (Swedenborgian); Rescue Workers (American); with the earliest Dutch settlers.

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The State 1939.

30,389
$14,508,479.000

19,577
292,807

$632,525.000 1935

26,915
10,796,261,000

16.626
241,465

482,989,000 1929

25,202
17,143,753,000

17,136
274,699

683, 265,000 New York City 1939.

24,042
12,954,252.000

15,827
241,405

545,796,000 1935.

21,418
9,617.910.000

13.749
199,318

416,328,000 1929

19,540
15,305,046,000
9,527 222,257

586,127,000 Buffalo 1939.

1,021
430.270,000

527
10,639

19.989,000 1935.

892
350.096,000

428
9.080

15.347,000 1929.

1,160
639,806,000

556
14.257

29,404,000 N. Y. State data for 1935 exclude personnel and payroll of 169 commission bulk stations. Also, some adjustments have been made in the 1935 figures for comparison purposes. N. Y. City and Buffalo data for 1935 exclude personnel and payroll of 1 commission bulk station.

The wholesale net sales in 1939 in New York City, by boroughs, was-Bronx, $226,323,000; Brooklyn,
$627,985,000; Manhattan, $11,883,147,000; Queens, $200,384,000; Richmond, $16,413,000.
State of New York New York City

Buffalo
Net Sales
Net Sales

Net Sales
(add 000)
(add 000)

(add 000)
Type of Operation

1939
19351
1939
1935

1939 1935

Total

$14,508,479 $10,796,261 $12,954,252 $9,617,910 Serv. & limited-funct. wholesalers 6,170,281 4,491,530 5,417,476 3,974,160 Manufacturers' sales branches.. - 2,249,250 1,897,024 1,982,804 1,645, 304 Manufacturers' sales ofces.

1,491,554 1.082,022 1,388,494 1,007,278 Petroleum bulk stations & term. 334,932 237,665 113,677 79,943 Agents and brokers

4,148, 497 2,992,337 4,009, 455 2,861,936 Assemblers of farm products

113,9651 95,6831 42,346 49,289

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Service and Limited - Function Wholesalers
Net Sales

Kind of Business
1939

1935

Net Sales

Kind of Business

1939

1935

Total

$6,170, 281,000 $4,491,530,000
Amusem, & sport goods 61,395,000 41,808,000 Groceries, food special.
Automotive
210,269,000

Hardware...
Beer, wines and liquors. 265,570,000 125,082,000 Lumber, constr. mater
Chernicals and paints .. 116,761.000 123,451,000 Mach., equip., suppl.
Clothing and furnish... 375,670.000 348.002.000 Metals and met. work
Coal and coke

107,417,000 83.705.000 (except scrap). Drugs and drug sund.. 105,688,000 83,546,000 Paper and products. Dry goods.

836,316.000 644,375,000 Petroleum and prod Electrical goods

123,492,000 97,227,000 Plumb. and heat. equip.
Farm prod—raw mat 333,031,000 264,824,000 supplies..
Fart prod.-cons. goods 508,390,000 483,386,000 Tobacco and products
Farm supplies..

26, 126,000 36,572,000 (except leat) Furnit. & house furn 162,360,000 108,543,000/Waste materials.

$709,656,000 $590,335,000

61,402,000 47,840,000 136,581,000 68,504.000 219, 107.000 142,562,000 1267,092,000 135,286,000 168,063,000 118,370,000 48,771,000 75,704,000 53,613,000 179,011,000 139.619.000 117,891,000) 63,541,000

Service and Limited-Function Wholesalers
New York City

Buffalo
Net Sales

Net Sales
Kind of Business

1939
1935
1939

1935 Total

$5,417,476,000 $3,974,160,000 $193,370.000 $128,932,000 Amusement and sporting goods.

57,491,000 39,952,000 1,473,000

886,000 Automotive..

166,656,000

43,944,000 (1) Beer, wines and liquors.

155,096,000 95,556,000 9,066,000 3,533,000 Chemicals and paints

109,000,000 116.753,000 1,618,000 1.323.000 Clothing and furnishings

366,630,000 343,519,000 1,374,000 1,180.000 Coal and coke.

82,835,000 62,626,000 8,625,000 7,702,000 Drugs and drug sundries

87.098,000 66,531,000 6,685,000 5,542,000 Dry goods.

829,150,000 636,838,000 1,061,000 632.000 Electrical goods.

90,169,000 78,100,000 8,259.000 5,034.000 Farm products-raw materials

312,985,000 250.645,000 14,189,000 10,974,000 Farm products-consumer goods.

429,038,000 402,372,000 15,532,000 20,610,000 Farm supplies..

10,639,000 14,161,000 7,150,000 8,889,000 Furniture and house furnishings.

156, 145,000 105,816,000 1,566,000 884,000 Groceries and food specialties

596,131,000 496,453,000 15,979,000 14,358,000 Hardware.

41,173,000 30,656,000 7,198,000 5,976,000 Lumber and construction materials.

103,658,000 51,199,000 7,079,000 3,902.000 Machinery-equipment-supplies.

186,861,000 122,638,000 8,732,000 4,578,000 Metals and metal work (except scrap)

259,915,000 132,850,000 4,242,000 1,567,000 Paper and its products

148,351.000 102,535,000 5,193,000 4,559,000 Petroleum and its products.

43,537.000 11,110.000

328,000 (x) Plumbing and heating equipt. and spls.

53,129,000 38,164,000 1,875,000 1,827,000 Tobacco and products (except leal)

115,427,000 97,327,000 11,294,000 7.736,000 Waste materials. ...

87.871.000 49,768,000 6,308,000 4,342,000 INot comparable. Withheld to avoid disclosure. The 1939 net sales in other large cities

in the State were-Syracuse, $164,441,000; Rochester, $144,841,000; Albany, $106,849,000; Utica, $49,201,000; Binghamton, $33,075,000; Yonkers. $32,285,000: Mt. Vernon, $25,004,000; Schenectady, $23,503,000; Troy, $23,106,000; New Rochelle, $10,639,000; Niagara Falls, $6,773,000.

[graphic]

Retail Trade in N. Y. State in 1939 and 1929

Souree: United States Bureau of the Census

Propri-
Year
Population Stores

Sales
etors Empl'yes

Pay Roll 1939

1113,479,142 209,425 $5,578, 159,000 191,259 567.150 3660,093,000 1935

198,608 4,704,233.000 175,421 521.430 562,113,000 1929

2212,588,066 183,615 6,968,931.000 169 129 562,797 773,333,000 11940 Census. 91930 Census.

CITIES OF MORE THAN 25,000 In the following table their current sales are compared with those shown in previous censuses, but 1935 and 1929 figures for cities except New York and Buffalo include data for repair garages, which were classified as retailers in those years, but are now included in the Service Census. Sales

Sales
City
Amount (add 000)

City

Amount (add 000)
1939
1935
1929

1939

1935 1929 Total, the state. $5,578,159 $4,704,233 $6.968,931 Mount Vernon

$36,861 $27.660 $38,268 Total, 23 cities.. 4,336,482 3,747,444 5,650,973 New Rochelle.

33,486 25,328 37,863 New York.. 3,192,594 2,828,083 4,225,513 Elmira .

26.890 21.406 31.260 Buffalo. 250.311 204.128 337, 429 Jamestown.

21.019 17.318 30.423 Rochester. 169.967 132,420 206,492 Poughkeepsie

28,283 21.777

31.227 Syracuse. 106,030 81.384 136.592 White Plains.

38,644 30.081 38,301 Yonkers 55, 232 39.865 60.834 Auburn..

17.156 15,374 22,301 Albany • 75,819 64.362 102,257 Rome

11,967 10,124 14,713 Utica.. 45,192 41.151 56,978 Watertown

18.887 14,716 22,049 Schenectady 44.789 37,145 60,419 Amsterdam

14,644 12,659 17,571 Binghamton 42.471 38,045 52,329 Newburgh

20.331 16,411 22,580 Niagara Falls. 35,521 25,642 38,402 Kingston..

16,323 12,541 21,342 Troy

34.065 29,578 45,830

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Major Groups Total all stores.

209,425 183,615 5,578,159 6.968,931 567,150 562,797 660.093 773,333 Food group.

77,358 70,714 1,521,498 1,772,079 100,015 100,578 116,886 134,495 General merchandise

6.559 6,209 644,356 844.953 95,506 103,669 102,192 118,990 Apparel

19,169 21.659 656,428 940,074 68,989 76,792 92,680 111,158 Furniture household radio

6,647 7.992 240.505 468,778 23,832 33,921 37,506 62,470 Automotive group

4.454 5.902 487.806 704,764 28.717 34,092 42,598 61,108 Filling stations

15,652 8,815 219,269 140,987 16.922 11.025 18,231 13,697 Lumber-building-hardware.

7.308 9,556 238,200 417.684 20.319 31.095 30,083 51.837 Eating and drinking

32,434 15,571 667.155 448, 102 137,777 84.903 120,957 88,345 Drug stores.

6,620 6,392 159.637 203, 103 16,900 19,356 18,605 26,755 Other stores.,

32,374 27,828 727.69.5 956,299 57,327 64,112 79,701 101,495 Principal Kinds Food

77,358 70,714 1,521,498 1.772,079 100,015 100,578 116,886 134,495 Grocery stores (without fresh meats). 25,314 25,342 432.088 574,849 21,496 27,076 22,194 31,747 Combination stores (groc-meats). 9,910 7.007 424,127 285,097 27.738 16,266 28,665 21.210 Dairy products stores, milk

2.381 2.380 140, 427 208,670 16.621 15,272 30,825 29.700 Meat markets, fish....

11,613 11,697 230,885 334,721 13,342 16,033 15,901 23,311 Candy, nut, confectionery

11,432 11.223 85,103 129,649 5,166 11,026 4,027 9.784 Other food stores

8,665 6,455 132,884 149,182 10.456 10,394 10,208 13,047 General Merchandise

6,559 6,209

644,356 844,953 95,506 103,669 102,192 118,990 Department stores

251 230 462,019 616,670 67,121 76,847 80,016 97.645 Dry goods and general merchandise. 4,652 4.860 67,485 114,7126.005 8,250 6,768 9,020 Variety stores

1.656 1,119 114,852 113,571 22,380 18,572 15,408 12,325 Apparel

19,169 21,659 656,428 940.074 68.989 76,792 92,680 111,158 Men's-boys' cloth., furnish., hat. 3.721 5,198 154.974 252,632 12.201 18,433 19,514 27.248 Family elothing

913

1,777 63,090 110,205 7,781 8,448 10.269) 11.266 Women's ready-to-wear

4,054 3,670 216,212 244,930 24,502 22,427 31,295 31.221 Accessories, other apparel

7.098 6.858 113,558 164, 227 14,957 16,372 18,720 25,519 Shoe (all kinds)

3,383 4,156 108,594 168,080 9,548 11,112 12,882 15.904 Furniture Household Radio

6,647 7,992 240,505 468,778 23,832 33,921 37,506 62.470 Furniture stores

1.724 2,618 110.850 198,345 10,215 12.945 16.879 25,157 Other home furnishings

3,042 2,350

58.659

115.686 6,246 7.470 9,553 15,000 Household appliance, radio

1.881 3.024 70.9961 154.747 7.371 13.506 11,074 22,313 Automotive

4,454 5,902 487,606 704,764 28,717 34.092 42,598 61,108 Motor-vehicle dealers (new)

2.311 3.079 418,304 620,215 22,896 28,584 34,673 52,080 Used-car dealers.

583 252 21.604 16,118 1.158 588 1,518 1.105 Accessory, tire, battery.

1.441 2,340 44,609 60,601 4,456 4,412 6.126 7,172 Filling Stations

15,652 8.815 219.269 140.987 16.922 11,025 18,231 13,697 Luber-Building

3,812 5,400 170,180 301.643 14.480 23,210 22,730 40,414 Lumber and building-materials

1.611 1,757 127,407 210.525 10.298 13.874 16,749 24,421 Heating, plumbing, paint, electrical 2.201 3,643 42,773 91,115 4.182 9.336 5.981 15,993 Hardware ...

3.496 4,156 68,020 116,041 5.839 7.885 7.353 11,423 Hardware stores

3,192 3,662 59,125 95,749 5.223 6.765 6,658) 10,002 Eating Places

19,584 15,571 455,707 448,102 108,134 84.903 93,155 88,345 Drinking Places

12,850
211,448

29.643

27.802 Drug Stores.

6,620 6,392 159,637 203.103 16,900 19,356 18,605) 26,755 Liquor Stores (packaged)

1.948
78,247

3,494

5,723 Other Retail Stores

28,023 26,355 632,911 938.845 51.891 62,657 71,412 99,349 Fuel, ice, fuel-oll

5.720 2,295 202,520 203,703 14,269 12,487 20.882 19,416 Hay, grain and feed.

1,265 1,355 70,391 92,675 3,043 3,222 3,225 3,990 Jewelry stores..

1,692 2,637 55.729 120,602 4.673 5,997 8,510) 12,845 Cigar stores, stands

5,872 5,220 68,945 93,263 2,944 4,285 3,431 5,476 Florists

2,291 1,730

24.896 39,322 3,552 4,848 4,121 6,076 News dealers.

2.3021 4,0951 20,299 56,127 2,2591 3,3571 1.9751 2,974 Employees and payroll include paid executives of corporations, but not the number and compensation of proprietors of unincorporated businesses,

Previously published totals for the State and for the automotive group, for 1935 and 1929, are revised to exclude service garages and other automotive service businesses whose receipts from service sales exceed their sales of merchandise. These are now included in the Census of Service Establishments.

Workmen's Compensation in New York State

Source: New York State Department of Labor The Workmen's Compensation Law of New York than $15 per week, in which event he shall receive requires coverage whenever one or more employees his full weekly wage. In accidents that occurred are engaged in any of the listed hazardous employ- prior to May 11, 1934, the maximum of $25 per ments carried on for pecunlary gain. In addition, week was limited to cases of total disability either the statute requires compensation coverage by any partial disability either temporary or permanent

temporary or permanent and the maximum for employing organization whether or not the work for accidents prior to this date was $20 a week. embraces the listed hazardous employments and regardless of whether carried on for pecuniary gain in accordance with a schedule provided therefor.

In death cases awards are made to dependents if four or more workmen or operatives are em

The total amount of benefits must not exceed 24 ployed.

of the average weekly wage of the deceased based It expressly excludes farm laborers and domestic

on maximum earnings of $150 a month. In the case servants, but these may be voluntarily insured. An amendment of 1929 specifically exempts wages are not deemed less than $75 a month.

of the widows and children of deceased employees teachers, ministers, and other non-manual workers All awards of the Board draw interest from for a religious, charitable, or educational cor- 30 days after making thereof. poration.

Any objections by the carrier that claim was not An amendment of 1931 includes in the coverage filed in one year must be raised at the first hearof the compensation law private or domestic chauf- ing at which all parties are present. feurs employed as such in New York City. No Compensation (other than death) benefits penalty is placed, however, upon employers who granted by the law: fail to insure such chauffeurs.

Permanent total disability-two-thirds of the All State employees are entitled to compensa- average weekly wage for period of disability. tion, but only such municipal employees as are Permanent partial disability-two-thirds of the included among the listed hazardous occupations. average weekly wage for periods specified in a Railroad employees injured in interstate com

schedule arranged by parts of the body, ranging merce are excluded by the Federal Employers' from 15 weeks for loss of little finger to 312 weeks Liability Act.

for an arm. In case of protracted temporary total Masters and crews of vessels on navigable waters disabilities in connection therewith, the injured is are excluded by the Admiralty jurisdiction of the compensated in addition for the length of the temFederal courts. Longshoremen and other mari- porary total disability in excess of periods stated time workers if injured on docks are protected by in a schedule. the compensation law, but if injured upon navi- Temporary total disability-two-thirds of the gable

waters, including dry docks, compensation is average weekly wage for the period of disability. paid under the Federal “Longshoremen's and Har- but not to exceed $5,000. bor Workers' Compensation Act," approved March Temporary partial disability-when there is a 4, 1927. Masters and crews, and workers engaged decrease in earning capacity, the compensation in unloading or repairing, are excluded from com- provided is two-thirds of the difference between pensation if the vessel on which accident occurs is the injured employee's average weekly wages before under eighteen tons net.

the accident and his wage earning capacity thereAn injured employee or others must give written after, but shall not exceed a total of $4,000. notice of the accident to the employer and the The Law allows compensation for any and all Industrial Commissioner within thirty days unless occupational diseases if the disability is occasioned failure to give such notice is excused by the Board after September 1, 1935. on the ground that notice for sufficient reason For silicosis or other dust disease, compensation could

not have been given or that the employer had is payable for total disability or death only and is knowledge of the accident, or on the ground that limited to an aggregate total of $5,000. the employer had not been prejudiced by the In case of an accident which occurred prior to omission. A compensation claim must be filed May 2, 1936, compensation is not paid for the first within a year except that for sufficient reason the seven days of disability unless the disability exIndustrial Board may extend the time for filing to ceeds 49 days. An amendment effective May 2nd two years.

allows compensation for the first week of disability The accident must not be due to the injured after 35 days of disability. employee's wilful intent to injure himself or an- The first payment of compensation becomes due other or solely to his intoxication.

on the fourteenth day of disability and if the case In the case of an accident which occurred prior is not controverted, payment of compensation must to July 1, 1935, the employer is required to provide begin on or before the 18th day after disability or proper and adequate

medical attention and the within eight days after the employer first has employer may select the physician to render treat- knowledge of the accident. A notice of controversy ment.

must be filed on or before the 18th day. In case of an accident after such date the in- Failure to pay an installment of compensation jured employee may select a physician authorized within 18 days after it is due carries with it an adby the Industrial Commissioner.

ditional ten percent penalty which accrues, to the Compensation to a disabled employee is 25 of his injured workman. Also failure to pay an' award average weekly wages but not to exceed $25 per by the Board within ten days after notice of the week, or less than $8 per week except that if the award carries with it a penalty of twenty percent wages are less than $8 be shall receive his full which accrues to the worker. weekly wage; and the minimum rate in cases of Minors under 18 years of age who are employed permanent total disability shall not be less than in violation of the Labor Law are entitled to $15 per week unless the claimant's wages were less I double compensation.

Industrial Accidents in New York State

Source: New York State Department of Labor
Accidents

Deaths (incl. Accidents) Nonfatal Compens Year

No.
Total Total No.

Compens. Perm. Temp.
No. Comp. Compeas. No. Comp. for Deaths

Injury

No.Cases No. Cases 1924.

358,440 72,983 $ 26,590,104 1,684 1,109 $6,448,655 15,548 56,326 1925

416,530 76,216 27.854,726 1,828 1,102 6,449,258) 16,050 59,064 1926.

484,703 99,673 28,995,476 1,787 1.110 6,874,881 17,368 81,195 1927

521,624 98,984 28,186,003 1,917 1,042 6,980,588 18,559 79,383 1928

507,980 93,565 28,003, 075 1,870 1,129 7,337.641 17,073 75,363 1929

523,604 100, 462 32,122,815 2,093 1,217 7,336,888 19,138 80, 107 1930.

471,510 109,848 35,243,7031 2,006 1,308 8,040,626 22,434 86,106 1931.

419,072 98,424 33,702,525 1,793 1,1771 7,232,761 19,873 77,374 1932 352,793 82,433 27,801,3671 1,505

901 5,174,761 17.152 64,380 1933.

338,802 74,487 24,659,587 1,301 782 4,329,919 15,282 68,423 1934. 348,550 69,918 22,084,083 1.293

755 4,116,388 16,475 52.689 1935. 372,382 69,770 25,405,110 1,372

764 4,175,708 17,523 51,483 1936. 457,516 75,458 26,117,307 1,413

844 4,674,180 19.524 55,090 1937. 514,190 80.929 26,335,690 1,452

894 5.269,872 21,554 58,481 1938 460,939 78,870 28,719,803 1.323

851 4,979,372 22,850 55,169 1939. 504,257 77.357 29,971,357 1.344

764 4,416,917 21.957 54.636 1940 528,467 79,280 28,065,133 1,354

7141 3,996,660 22,720 55,846 1924 through 1930—all figures excepting the number of accidents and deaths are for fiscal year ending June 30, 1931 and since-all figures are for calendar year.

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