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Civilian Emergency Administration to co-ordinate trained for 512 months. The Philippine army Work connected with the civilian defense of the (1939) had 120,000 reservists. It is planned to have Philippines with Teofilo Sison, Secretary of Na- a citizen army of 400,000. tional Defense, as chairman. The Civilian Emer- The inllitary forces of the Philippines (land and gency Planning Board recommended the action sea) were placed under United States command for after surveys conducted by committees of supply, the duration of the emergency (July 26, 1941) by transportation, medicine, communications, welfare, order of President Roosevelt. Gen. McArthur was and personnel and labor. The C. E. P. B. suggested named by the War Department in Washington to that Commonwealth. authorities develop effective command the forces, plans to increase prodution of essential foodstuffs Among the special Government institutions are and the supply of all imported essentials, such as the Normal School, the School of Arts and Trades, fuel. Recommendations were made for the control the Nautical School, and the Central Luzon Agriof transportation to save gas, oil and mechanical cultural School. There are provincial trade schools. parts and suggestions were made for the establish-Higher learning is provided by the State supported ment of medical supplies of all kinds, the control University of the Philippines, Manila, and the of telegraph, telephone and radio, and the estab - Dominican University of Santo Tomas (founded lishment and co-ordination of civilian aid organiza-1611), the oldest university under the American tions.

flag High Commissioner Sayre said that he and Presi- The chief agricultural products are-unhusked dent Quezon were in complete accord on the plan. rice ("palay"), Manila hemp ("abaca": copra,

At President Quezon's request President Roose- sugar cane, corn, tobacco and maguey. The prinvelt detailed Gen. Douglas MacArthur, retiring cipal fruit is the banana, but there are also manChief of Staff of the United States Army, as goes, papaya, lanzones, pílinut, chico, mandarins military adviser to the Government. He made and oranges. public (June 19, 1936) an army defense plan "to Porests provide cabinet and construction timber give pause to the most ruthless and powerful": in large quantities; also gums and resins, vegetable calling for a fleet of 50 to 100 small, fast torpedo oils, rattan and bamboo. tan and dye barks and boats for coast defense, a 250-plane air force, a dye woods. Rubber is being cultivated as well as regular army of about 930 officers and 6.500 men the Chinchona tree for quinine. with a reserve corps raised under universal mili- Baguio, in the hills, 100 miles north of Manila, tary service and trained in schools and out at the is the center of the gold mining district. rate of 40,000 a year. The total registration of Silver, lead, zinc, copper, iron, coal, petroleum, 20-year-old Filipinos then exceeded 148,000. The chromite, asbestos and manganese are mined. as cost he pla at $8,000,000 a year. The National well as clay, marble, salt, etc. The islands are rich Assembly (Aug. 8, 1936) appropriated $1,400,000 in mineral resources. It is estimated that there are to build training centers. The Philippine Con- 75 square miles of coal fields containing lignite stabulary, 659 officers, 7,504 enlisted men (1937) and bituminous. divided into 127 companies and occupying 186 stra- The Government showed a deficit of 10.000.000 tegic stations, is the nucleus of the new army. pesos (nominal value 50 cents) in the 1940 fiscal Approximately 40,000 20-year-old Filipinos are year. The 1941-1942 budget calls for expenditures selected by lot for military service each year and, of 11,675,000 pesos and receipts of 112,982,000.

The Canal Zone The Canal Zone is a strip of land extending five area of 163.4 square miles. The water area of the miles on either side of the axis of the Panama zone is 190.94 square miles. The zone has a populaCanal but not including the cities of Panama or

tion (1940 census) of 51,827, an increase of 31.3% Colon, which remain in the Republic of Panama,

in ten years.

The Canal Zone is a Government reservation adbut are under U. S. jurisdiction in the matter of

ministered by the organization known as The sanitation and quarantine. The port at the

Panama Canal. This is an independent organizaCaribbean entrance, formerly a part of Colon, tion in the Government service whose head is the is Cristobal; and that the Pacific entrance Balboa. Governor, directly under the President. As & while to the east of Panama is the residential town matter of executive arrangement, the Secretary of of Ancon, with hotel and hospital.

War represents the President in the administration The strip of land was granted to the United of Canal Affairs. The Zone is fortified and occupied States by Panama by treaty (Feb. 26, 1904). by a garrison in addition to the civilian employees the compensation being $10,000,000, with' annual of the Canal and railroad. The Governor is Brig. payments of $250,000 in addition, No private in- Gen. Glen E. Edgerton. dividuals are allowed to acquire land.

The Army maintains air ports at France Field on The Canal Zone, including land and water, but the Atlantic side and Albrook Field on Balboa excluding the water within the 3-mile limits from Heights on the Pacific side. the Atlantic and Pacific ends, has an area of 549 American occupation of the Canal Zone began square miles. Gatun Lake, with the water at its (May 4, 1904) and the Canal was opened to traffic normal level of 85 feet above sea level, has an (Aug. 15, 1914).

Puerto Rico

Capital, San Juan Puerto Rico is the fourth largest of the Greater places sugar mills under the authority of the Antilles, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north and Public Service Commission. the Caribbean Sea on the south. Santo Dorningo Puerto Rico was discovered and named by Columis about 45 miles to the west, and St. Thomas 40 bus (1493). Ponce de Leon conquered it for Spain miles to the east with an area, including adjacent (1509-1511). It was seized by Major Gen. Mlles in islands, of 3.435 square miles. The island of Cu- the Spanish-American War and ceded to the United lebra, and Vieques, to the east, form part of the States by the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It is territory, It is 95 miles long (from east to west) administered under the Organic Act of Puerto Rico, and 35 miles wide, with a coast line of about (March 2, 1917 and amended March 4, 1927), 345 miles. The best harbors are at San Juan which also granted American citizenship to Puerto and Ponce. Through the middle of the island, from Ricans, and granted manhood suffrage. The Goveast to west, runs a range of mountains with an ernor is appointed by the President. The Legislaaltitude of 1,500 to 3,750 ft., cultivable to the ture-a Senate of 19 members and a House of Repsummits. The soil is extremely fertile and largely resentatives of 39—-ís elected for four years by direct under cultivation. The lower lands to the north vote. There are seven executive departments: Jusare well watered, but irrigation is needed in the tice, Finance, Interior, Education, Agriculture and south; an extensive system has been constructed Commerce, Labor, and Health. The President apby the Government. Sugar, pineapples, oranges, points, upon confirmation by the Senate, the grapefruit, tobacco and coffee are the chief exports. Attorney General, Commissioner of Education and Cotton, linen and silk manufactures and embroi- the Auditor. The Governor, subject to confirmaderies are exported to the United States. Distilling tion by the Insular Senate, appoints the four reof alcohol and the canning of fruits and vegetables maining department heads. Five Justices of the are important industries.

Supreme Court are appointed by the President. Puerto Rico purchased from the United States in the seven heads of departments form the Executive the 1939-1940 fiscal year $100,517,184 worth of Council. The island elects a Resident Commissioner goods. The chief export was sugar with a value at Washington with a voice but no vote in the of $57,328.790 for the same period.

House of Representatives, for a term of four years. The Puerto Rican Land Authority law (1941) The governor is Rexíord Guy Tugwell. limits land holdings by corporations to no more

The Island makes its own tax laws and derives than 500 acres. Large holdings are to be taken over | further revenue by converting customs le vies, inby the Government and redistributed in small come tax receipts and internal revenue collections parcels under the supervision of the Authority. The into the Insular Treasury. law is aimed to break up large sugar estates on the Although Spanish is the popular language the Island and to mitigate poverty. The law also Insular Government fosters intensive instruction in English in the public schools, credited with being States Weather Bureau reported that in 2192 days the most efficient and up-to-date school system in of the six year period ending in 1940 Puerto Rico Latin America.

had only 17 days without sunshine. The American influence reaches into every phase Mineral production in Puerto Rico is insignifiof Puerto Rican life and the island is the sixth cant, consisting of quarry products and high grade largest offshore consumer of American produced manganese ore. Recently a Bureau of Mines was merchandise, returning in profits to manufacturers started by the Insular Government, and prospecand agriculture vastly more money than is absorbed tion and development to date have proved deposits in normal times by federal grants.

of manganese, copper, gold, and glass sand, which The leading problem confronting Puerto Rico will become productive as soon as capital is availis an economic one arising out of steady population able. increase in an overcrowded island. To meet the The population (1940) is 1,869,255. over-population menace the Insular Legislature Education is free and compulsory (since 1899). (1937) passed a birth control bill.

There are 2,295 schools on the is with an enA mild climate, cool in summer and warm in rollment of 281,359 pupils. There are 44 accredited winter, gives Puerto Rico with its old world atmos- private schools. The University of Puerto Rico is phere a playground drawing power that is being in Rio Piedras, seven miles from San Juan. fully exploited. The average range of temperature The Roman Catholic religion is dominant. is from 90 to 50 with an average of 76. The United | English and Spanish are spoken.

Virgin Islands of the U. S.

Capital, Charlotte Amalie, formerly St. Thomas The Virgin Islands of the United States, for- | The Governor has limited veto powers. The Islands merly the Danish West Indies, were bought for are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the $25,000,000 by the United States from Denmark, Interior in a treaty (proclaimed Jan. 25, 1917). The group The governor is Charles Harwood. consists of three Islands, St. Thomas, St. Croix Raw sugar output averages more than 5,000 tons and St. John, with about 50 smaller ones, mostly a year, or about an amount equal to the quota of uninhabited. The area of the three main islands raw sugar from the Virgin Islands that may be adis 133 square miles. The population (1940) is mitted to the United States under the Jones24,889.

Costigan Act. Śt. Thomas Island has the principal harbor of The Island of St. John is famous for its bay oil, the group and it is here that the town of extracted from the leaves of the bay tree, and Charlotte Amalie is situated. It is about 40 miles St. Thomas for the finished product of bay rum. east of Fajardo, the nearest port on the Island of Education is compulsory. Illiteracy, though high, Puerto Rico, and 70 miles from San Juan, the is being reduced. Only 2% of the population cannot principal city and port of Puerto Rico. St. Thomas speak English. lies south, 20° east and 1,442 miles distant from After the repeal of Prohibition in the United New York City. St. Croix is 40 miles south of St. States production of rum was resumed on a large Thomas. The language is English.

scale. The government established a rum disCongress (1927), conferred citizenship on the tillery backed by 5,000 acres of sugar cane and natives, and under the organic act (June 22, two sugar mills. 1936) there is universal suffrage for all who can Tax collections on the commerce have reduced read and write English.

the annual appropriations from Congress to assist The Islands comprise two municipalities, that of the local Legislature in paying for schools. hosSt. Thomas and St. John, with a legislative council pitals, fire, police and public works. called the Municipal Council, of seven members, Bi-weekly passenger and freight service is mainand that of St. Croix, with a membership of nine. tained from New York City to St. Thomas, St. The two councils form a Colonial Legislature, Croix and the lower islands. There is also semiwhich must meet yearly. Elections are biennial' weekly air mail service.

American Samoa

Capital, Pago Pago, Island of Tutuila American Samoa, composed of the islands of from Manila. The natives read and write and are Tutuila, Aunuu, Ofu, Olosega and Tau, and the Christians of different denominations. They are a uninhabited coral atoll of Rose Island, became a

high type of the Polynesian race and are on the possession of the United States by virtue of the

increase because the laws prohibit foreigners from

buying their land. tripartite treaty with Great Britain and Germany All of the land on the islands is privately owned. (Nov. 1899), accepted by the United States Under the American Commandant-Governor there (Feb. 13, 1900). It is under control of the Navy is a native Governor in each of the three political Department as a naval station. Construction of a divisions. The native Governors appoint the County naval air base was started (1940). The islands Chiefs, who appoint the Village Chiefs. have an area of 76 square miles and a population There are public schools with more than 2,000 (1940) of 12,908.

pupils, and several private schools. Pago Pago, a valuable harbor in the South The chief product is copra, of which about 1,100 Pacific, was ceded (1872) by the native King to tons are exported annually. Taro, breadfruit, yams, the United States for a naval and coaling station. coconuts, pineapples, oranges and bananas are also

American Samoa is 4,160 miles from San Fran- produced commercially. The Government handles cisco, 2,263 miles from Hawaii, 1,580 miles from the crop for the natives. Other fruits are grown Auckland, 2,354 miles from Sydney and 4,200 miles but not exported. About 70% of the land is forest.


Capital, Agana The Island of Guam, the largest of the Marianas, generation is a mixed race, with the Malay strain was ceded to the United States by Spain by Article predominating. Guam is under the Navy DepartTwo of the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It lies

ment, as a naval station. There also is a powerful between latitudes 13° 13' and 13° 39' north and

Government radio station. The port of entry is longitudes 144° 37' and 144° 58' east. It is 30 miles


Exports include copra and cocoanut oil. Other long and four to eight and one-half miles wide

products are corn, rice, sweet potatoes, coffee, with an area of 206 square miles and a population bananas, pineapples, citrus fruits, limes, mangoes. (1940) of 22,290. Distance from Manila, 1,506 papayas, treadiruit, cocoa, yams, tobacco, cassava, miles from San Francisco, 5,053 miles. The inhab- kapok, alligator pears, sugar cane, and timber. The itants call themselves Chamorros, but the present 4,300 head of cattle include 1,432 water buffaloes.

Canton and Enderbury Islands The United States and Great Britain agreed national aviation, but only civil aviation com(April 6, 1939) on a system of joint control and panies, incorporated in the United States of administration of Canton and Enderbury Islands

America or in any part of the British Commonof the Phoenix group in the Central Pacific, about

wealth of Nations for the purpose of scheduled

air services." The United States is permitted to half way between Hawaii and Australia. The build and operate an airport on Canton that will formula applies for fifty years and thereafter

be open to use by British aircraft and civil aviaindefinitely unless modified or terminated. Each tion companies on equal terms. The agreement government is represented by an administrative was arranged after it was discovered that the official and the islands are available for com- islands had great potential value as air communimunications and for use as airports for inter- cation bases.

States' Entry Into Union, Capitals, Governors' Salaries, Terms


Ent'd Union Settled


1940 L'th, M. Brith, M.
Sq. Miles


Sal. Gov. Term

[blocks in formation]


90 110



1819. Dec. 14 Arizona

1912, Feb. 14 Arkansas.

1836, June 15 (alifornia

1850, Sep. 9 Colorado

1876, Aug. 1 Connecticut

1788, Jan. 9 Delaware.

1787, Dec. 7 Florida.

1845, Mar. 3 Georgia

1788. Jan. 2 Idaho.

1890, July 3 Illinois

1818, Dec. 3 Indiana

1816, Dec. 11 Iowa

1846, Dec. 28 Kangas

1861, Jan. 29 Kentucky

1792, June 1 Louisiana

1812. Apr. 8 Maine

1820, Mar.15 Maryland

1788. Apr. 28 Massachusetts 1788. Feb. 6 Michigan,

1837. Jan. 26 Minnesota

1858, May 11 Mississippi

1817, Dec. 10 Missouri

1821, Aug. 10 Montana

1889, Nov. 8 Nebraska

1867, Feb. 9 Nevada

1864, Oct. 31 New Hampshire. . 1788. June21 New Jersey 1787, Dec. 18 New Mexico. 1912, Jan. 6 New York

1788, July 26 North Carolina 1789, Nov.21 North Dakota. 1889, Nov. 2 Ohio.

1803, Mar. 1 Oklahoma.

1907, Nov. 16 Oregon

1859, Feb. 14 Pennsylvania 1787, Dec. 12 Rhode Island 1790, May 29 South Carolina, 1788, May 23 South Dakota.. 1889, Nov. 2 Tennessee

1796, June 1 Texas..

1845, Dec. 29 Utah..

1896, Jan. 4 Vermont

1791, Mar. 4 Virginia

1788, June 25 Washington 1889, Nov. 11 West Virginia. 1863, June 20 Wisconsin,

1848, May 29 Wyoming

1890, July 10

1702 1580 1685 1769 1858 1635 1726 1559 1733 1842 1720 1733 1788 1727 1765 1699 1624 1634 1620 1650 1805 1716 1764 1809 1847 1850 1623 1664 1537 1614 1650 1780 1788 1889 1838 1682 1636 1670 1794 1757 1686 1847 1724 1607 1811 1727 1670 1834

51.078 113.580

52,725 156.803 103,967


1,978 54.262 58,518 82,808 55,947 36,205 55.986 82,113 40,109 45,177 31,040 9,887 7,907 57,022 80,009 47,420 69,270 146,316

76,653 109,802


7,522 121,511 47,929 49,142 70,054 41,122 69,283 96,350 45,045

1,058 30,594 76,536

41,961 263,644 82,346

9,278 39,899 66.977 24,090 54,715 97,500

315 490 380 265 300 400 350 280 235 200 190 400 400 340 300 580 415 485 185 160 390 320 520 360 230 585 375 300

50 285 380 430 760 345 155 425 340 225 300 365

35 400 250 305 205 160 210 200 175 275 205 120 110 310 350 180 280 315 205 315 90 70 350 310 200 210 205 210 290 180

35 215 245 120 620 275

90 205 230 200 290 275

Little Rock.
Des Moines,

Baton Rouge..
St. Paul
Jefferson City
Helena ..
Carson City
Santa Fe.
Oklahoma City
Salt Lake City

$6,000 7,500 6,000 10.000 5.000 12.000 7.500 7.500 7,500 5.000 12.000 7,500 7.500 5.000 10.000 7,500 5,000 4.500 10.000 5.000 7,000 7,500 5,000 7,500 7.500 7.000 5,000 20,000

5,000 25.000 10.000

4.000 10,000 6,500 7.500 18,000 8,000 7.500 3,000 4.000 12,000 6.000 5.000 10,000

6.000 10.000 6.000 8,000

2 4

Chronological List of Territories

Source: Government and State Records

Yrs. No.
Date of
Organic Act

Name of Territory Organic Act


as State T'ri- er

tory nors Territory northwest of River Ohio July 13, 1787 No Axed date.

Mar. 1, 1803 a

1 Territory south of River Ohio.. May 26, 1790 No Exed date.

June 1, 1796b 6 1
Арг. 7, 1798 When President acted

Dec. 10, 1817 19
May 7, 1800 July 4, 1800.

Dec. 11, 1816 16
Mar. 26. 1804 Oct. 1, 1804

Apr. 8, 1812c 7
Jan, 11, 1805 June 30, 1805.

Jan. 26, 1837 31
Mar. 3, 18050 July 4, 1805

Aug. 10,1821 16
Feb. 3, 1809 Mar. 1, 1809.,

Dec. 3, 1818 9

Mar. 3, 1817 When Miss, became a State. Dec. 14, 1819 2
Mar. 2, 1819 July 4, 1819

June 15, 1836 17
Mar. 30, 1822 No fixed date.

Mar. 3, 1845 23
Apr. 20, 1836 July 3, 1836..

May 29, 1848 12
June 12, 1838 July 3, 1838

Dec. 28, 1846
Aug. 14, 1848 Date of act.

Feb. 14, 1859 10
Mar. 3. 1849 Date of act..

May 11, 1858 9
New Mexico

Sept. 9. 1850 Upon President's proclamation Jan 6, 1912 61
Sept. 9, 1850 Date of act.

Jan. 4, 1896 44 14
Mar. 2, 1853 Date of act.

Nov. 11, 1889 36
May 30, 1854 Date of act.

Feb. 9, 1867 12
May 30, 1854 Date of act.

Jan. 29, 1861 6
Feb. 28, 1861 Date of act.

Aug. 1, 1876 15
Mar. 2. 1861 Date of act..

Oct. 31, 1864 3
Mar. 2, 1861 Date of act..

Nov. 2, 1889 28 10
Feb. 24, 1863 Date of act..

Feb. 14, 1912 49 16 Idaho Mar. 3, 1863 Date of act.,

July 3, 1890

13 Montana May 26, 1864 Date of act..

Nov. 8, 1889 25

July 25, 1868 When ofcers were qualified. , July 10, 1890 22
May 2, 1890 Date of act...

Nov. 16, 1907 17 (a) As the State of Ohio; (b) as the State of Tennessee; (c) as the State of Louisiana; (d) the organic act for Missouri Territory of June 4, 1812, became effective the first Monday in December (7th), 1812.

Certain western tracts of land, acquired at vari- , created out of these lands some 28 organized terrious times and in various ways by the United States, tories which, after an average existence of nearly as indicated in the table, were governed by Con- 20 years in the territorial form, have entered the gress and the National Executive as colonies or Union as States. territories. During the period 1787-1912 Congress

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Land and Inland Water Area of U. S., by States, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

Total Land Water

Area Area Area





Square Square Square

Square Square Square
Miles Miles Miles

Miles Miles Miles
51.609 51 078 531 Nevada

110.540 109.802 738 Arizona 113,909 113,580 329 New Hampshire

9.304 9.024

2 Arkansas 53,102 52,725 377 New Jersey.

7,836 7.522 314 California. 158,693 156,803 1,890 New Mexico

121.666 121,511 155 Colorado 104,247 103,967 280 New York

49,576 47,929 1,647 Connecticut 5,009 4,899 110 North Carolina

52,712 49,142 3,570 Delaware

2.057 1.978
79 North Dakota.

70,665 70,054 611 Dist. of Columbia

8 Ohio,

41.222 41,122

100 Florida. 58,560 54,262 4,298 Oklahoma

69,919 69,283 636 Georgis. 58,876 58.518 358 Oregon

96,981 96,350 631 Idaho 83,557 82.808 749 Pennsylvania

45,333 45,045 288 Illinols 56,400 55.947 453 Rhode Island

1.214 1,058

156 Indiana

36,291 36,205
86 South Carolina

31.055 30,594

461 Iowa 56,280 55,986 294 South Dakota

77.047 76,536

511 Kansas 82,276 82,113 163 Tennessee.

42.246 41,961 285 Kentucky 40.395 40,109 286 Texas

267,339 263,644 3,695 Louisiana 48.523 45,177 3,346 Utah

84,916 82.346

2,570 Maine 33,215 31,040 2,175|Vermont

9.609 9.278 331 Maryland 10,577 9.887 690|Virginia

40.815 39,899 Massachusetts 8.257 7.907 350||Washington

68,192 66,977 1,215 Michigan 58,216 57.022 1,194 West Virginia

24.181 24.090

91 Minnesota 84,068 80.009 4,059 Wisconsin

56,154 54,715 1,439 Mississippi 47.716 47,420 296Wyoming

97,914 97,506 408 Missouri

69.674 69.270

404 Montana

147,138 146,316 822 United States 3,022,387 2,977,128 45,259 Nebraska

77,237 76,6531 584 Land area is defined to include: Dry land and land water surface, such as lakes, reservoirs and land temporarily or partially covered by water, ponds having 40 acres or more of area; streams, such as marshland, swamps, and river floor plains; sloughs, estuaries, and canals one-eighth of a streams, sloughs, estuaries, and canals less than statute mile or more in width; deeply indented emone-eighths of a statute mile in width; and lakes, bayments and sounds, and other coastal waters bereservoirs and ponds having less than 40 acres hind or sheltered by headlands or islands separated of area

by less than one nautical mile of water; and Islands Inland water is defined to include: Permanent in- having less than 40 acres of area.


Land and Water Area of U. S. by States, 1930




Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Land Water Total

Land Water Total
Surface Surface Area States

Surface Surface Area
Square Square Square

Square Square Square
Miles Miles Miles

Miles Miles Miles
51.279 719 51,998 Nevada...

109,821 869 110.690 Arizona.. 113,810 146 113,956 New Hampshire


310 9,341 Arkansas. 52,525 810 53,335 New Jersey


710 8,224 California. 155,652 2,645 158,297 New Mexico


122,634 Colorado. 103,658 290 103,948 New York.

47.654 1,550 49,204 Connecticut.

145 4,965 North Carolina.

48,740 3,686 52,426
1,965 405 2,370 North Dakota.

70,183 654 70.837 Dist. of Columbia,


701 Ohio

40,740 300 41,049)
54,861 3,805 58,666 Oklahoma,


70,057 Georgia

58.725 540
59,265 Oregon,

96,607 1,092 96,699 Idaho

83,888 Pennsylvania.

44,832 294 45,126
56,043 622 56,665 Rhode Island.


1811 1.248 Indiana 36,045 309 36.354 South Carolina

30,495 494 30,989 Iowa..

561 56,147 South Dakota

76,868 747 77,615
81,774 384 82,158 Tennessee

41,687 335 42,022 Kentucky 40,181 417 40,598 Texas.

262,398 3,498 265,896 Louisiana 45,409 3.097 48,506 Utah

82,184 2,806 84.990 Maine. 29,895 3,145 33,040 Vermont


440 9,564 Maryland.

9,941 2,386
12,327 Virginia.

40.262 2,365 42,627
8,039 227 8,266 Washington

66,836 2,291 69,127 Michigan.. 57,480 500 57,980 Wext Virginia



24,170 Minnesota 80,858 3,824 84,682 Wisconsin.

55,256 810 56,066 Mississippi

46,362 503
46,865 Wyoming

97,548 366

97,914 Missouri

68,727 693 69,420 Montana. 146,131 866 148,997 Total U. S.

2,973,776 53,013 3,026,789 Nebraska


712 77,520 The area (square miles) of U.S. Possessions, Ohio, 3,443 of Lake Erie. 1930, was then stated by the Bureau of the Census Pennsylvania, 891 of Lake Erie. as follows: Alaska, 586,400; Guam, 206; Hawaii, Washington, 1,765 of Strait Juan de Fuca and

Strait of Georgia. 6,407; Canal Zone, 549; Philippines, 114,000; Puerto Rico, including adjacent Islands, 3,435; American

Wisconsin, 2,378 of Lake Superior and 7,500 of

Lake Michigan. Samoa, 76; Virgin Islands, 133; total Possessions

The Supreme Court of the United States (Feb. 711.606.

5, 1934) redefined the boundary between New The States named below were reckoned in 1930 Jersey and Delaware, In the circular area within by the Bureau of the Census to contain approxi

12 miles of Newcastle, the whole width of the mately additional square miles, as follows:

Delaware River belongs to Delaware. South of Illinois, 1,674 of Lake Michigan.

that. the boundary follows the ship channel. Indiana, 230 of Lake Michigan.

The Supreme Court (March 17, 1930) established Michigan, 16,653 of Lake Superior, 12,922 of Lake the true location of that part of the 100th MeMichigan, 9,925 of Lake Huron, and 460 of Lakes ridian of Longitude west from Greenwich which is St. Claire and Erie.

& portion of the boundary between Oklahoma and Minnesota, 2,514 of Lake Superior.

Texas, transferring 44.6 square miles of land area New York, 3,140 of Lakes Ontario and Erie. from Oklahoma to Texas.

11 40


Postal Information
Source: As of June 27, 1941, the office of the Postmaster General

DOMESTIC RATES First-Class (limit 70 pounds); Letters and writ- Catalogs and similar printed advertising matter ten and sealed matter, 3 cents for each ounce, in bound form consisting of 24 or more pages and except when addressed' for local delivery: Local not exceeding 10 pounds in weight, individually letters, 2 cents an ounce at letter-carrier offices: addressed: and i cent an ounce at all other offices unless col

Rates Local 1-2 3 4 5 6 7 8 lected or delivered by rural or star-route carriers. in which case the rate is 2 cents an ounce.

1st lb.


5C 6c 7c 80 9c 10c Government postal cards, 1 cent each.

Each add. ib.::40 1c 20 30

5c 60 70 Private mailing or post cards, 1 cent each. Special delivery rates on first-class matter are- Books of 24 or more pages consisting wholly of 10 cents, up to 2 lbs.; 20 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 lbs.; reading matter and containing no advertising 25 cents on matter weighing over 10 lbs.

matter other than incidental announcements of Second - Class: Newspapers,

books, in cloth, leather or paper binding, with

magazines, and other periodicals containing notice of second-class memoranda purposes, 11ac a pound.

no ruled or blank pages intended for records or entry. When sent by others than the publishers or news agent, 1 cent for each two ounces or fraction

The limit of size is 100 inches in girth and length

combined. thereof, or the 4th class rate, whichever is lower.

A special rate of postage is provided for library Third-Class (limit, 8 ounces): Circulars and books, consisting wholly of reading inatter and other miscellaneous printed matter, also mer- containing no advertising matter other than inchandise, 112 cents for each 2 ounces.

cidental announcements of books, mailed to readers Special delivery rates on other than first-class by public libraries, organizations or associations matter--15 cents up to 2 lbs; 25 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 not organized for profit and when returned by the lbs.; 35 cents on all matter weighing over 10 lbs. readers, such rate being 3 cents for the first pound

Books (including catalogs) of 24 pages or more, and 1 cent for each additional pound to any point seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, and plants, within the first, second, or third zones, or within 1 cent for each 2 ounces.

the State in which mailed. Bulk lots of identical pieces may be mailed in quantities of not less than 20 pounds or 200 pieces class matter is graduated according to the weights

The special handling postage charge on fourthat pound rates with a minimum charge of one cent a piece, such rates being eight cents & pound or ing not more than two pounds, 15 cents for parcels

of the parcels, namely, 10 cents for parcels weighpages or more, seeds and plants, and twelve cent's weighing more than two pounds but not

exceeding a pound or fraction thereof for all other third

ten pounds, and 20 cents for parcels weighing more

than ten pounds. class matter. Fourth-Class (Parcel Post) (over eight ounces): entitles the parcel to receive the most practicable

Payment of the special handling postage charge Merchandise, books, printed matter, and all other expeditious handling, transportation and delivery, mailable matter not in first or second class

but does not include special delivery at the office of The parcel post zones are-local; (1) up to 50 address. miles; (2) 50 to 150 miles; (3) 150 to 300 miles: (4) 300 to 600 miles; (5) 600 to 1,000 miles: (6) Airplane (air mail) rates

Per ounce 1,000 to 1,400 miles; '(7) 1,400 to 1,800 miles; (8)

(cents) over 1,800 miles.

United States, from one post office to The parcel post rates are:

another on mainland, including

Alaska, and also from one post office Local zone, 7 cents for the first pound or fraction,

to another in Hawaiian Islands (but and 1 cent for each additional 2 pounds or fraction. not between mainland and those First and second zones, 8 cents for the first islands)

6 pound or fraction and 1.1 cents for each additional

Per half ounce pound or fraction.

U. S. (mainland) to or from

(cents) Third zone, 9 cents for the first pound or fraction Hawaii

20 and 2 cents for each additional pound or fraction. Guam

40 Fourth zone, 10 cents for the first pound or

Philippine Islands


Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of fraction and 3.5 cents for each additional pound or

U. S., U. S. Naval Station, fraction,

Guantanamo Bay (Cuba)

10 Fifth zone, 11 cents for the first pound or fraction Canal Zone

15 and 5.3 cents for each additional pound or fraction. Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of U. S., Sixth zone, 12 cents for the first pound or frac

U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo tion and 7 cents for each additional pound or

Bay, to or from

Canal Zone. fraction.

15 Hawaii

30 Serenth zone, 14 cents for the first pound or Guam

50 fraction and 9 cents for each additional pound or

Philippine Islands

60 fraction.

Puerto Rico to or from Eighth zone, 15 cents for the first pound or Virgin Islands of U. S.

10 fraction and 11 cents for each additional pound or U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo fraction.

10 A fraction of a cent in the total amount of Virg. Is. of U. S. to or from U. S. postage on any parcel shall be counted as a full Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay 10 cent.

Hawaii to or iromOn parcels collected on rural routes, the postage Guam

20 is 2 cents less per parcel than at the rates shown Philippine Islands

30 above, when addressed for local delivery, and 3 Canal Zone

35 cents less per parcel when for other than local Guam to or fromdelivery.

Philippine Islands

10 In the first or second zone, where the distance Canal Zone...

55 by the shortest regular practicable mail route is Canton Island to and from 300 miles or more, the rate is 9 cents for the first Hawaii

10 pound and 2 cents for each additional pound.

United States (mainland) Parcels weighing less than 10 pounds measuring Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of over 84 inches, but not more than 100 inches in

United States, U. S. Naval Stalength and girth combined, are subject to a mini

tion, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba) 40 mum charge equal to that for a 10-pound parcel Canal Zone

45 for the zone to which addressed.

Midway Islands

20 The rate on fourth-class matte between any Wake Island

25 point in the United States and any point in the


30 Hawaiian Islands, and any point in Alaska, and

Philippine Islands

40 between any two points in Alaska, is 15 cents for the first pound and 11 cents for each additional

The foregoing air-mail rates include all trans

portation by air mail Available in the United pound or fraction thereof. These rates also apply to parcels malled in the States, including Hawaii; also in the Philippine

, United States for delivery in the Canal Zone, and to parcels between the Philippine Islands and the Special airplane stamps issued for the pay. United States or its possessions.

ment of postage on air mail or ordinary postage



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