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Secretaries of State The Department of Foreign Affairs was created by Act of Congress July 27, 1789, and the name changed to Department of State on Sept. 15. Thomas Jefferson, then Minister to France, was appointea Secretary of State by President Washington Sept. 26, and took office March 21, 1790. John Jay, who had held the office of Secretary for Foreign Affairs since his appointment by the Ninth Continental Congress in March 1784, in place of Robert R. Livingston (appointed Jan. 1781), left it in September, 1789, when the U. S. Supreme Court was established with him as Chief Justice.

The Secretary of State is charged, under the direction of the President, with the duties appertaining to correspondence with the public ministers and the consuls of the U. S. and with the representatives of foreign powers accredited to the U. S., and to negotiations of whatever character relating to the foreign affairs of the United States.

Reciprocal trade treaties between the American and other overnments have been a feature the activities of the Department of State in the recent years,

He is the medium of correspondence between the President and the chief executives of the several States of the U. 8.; he has the custody of the great seal of the U. S., and countersigns and affixes such seal to all Executives' proclamations, to various commissions, and to warrants for the extradition of fugitives.

He is the custodian of the treaties made with foreign States, and of the laws of the U.S. He grants and issues passports, and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the U, S. are issued through his otce. He publishes the laws and resolutions of Congress, amendments to the Constitution, and proclamations declaring the admission of new States into the Union.

Limitations of armament on war ships and the size of those ships have been the subjects of treaties and conventions. The civil war in Spain, the conflict between Japan and China, and between Germany and Poland; the latter backed by Britain and France have kept the Secretary of State busy. Resi- Ap

ResiPresidents Cabinet Officers

Presidents

Apde'ces pointed

Cabinet Officers

de'ces pointed N. Y..

Lincoln.. William H. Seward. Washington.. John Jay,

N. Y.. 1861 Thomas Jefferson. Va. 1789 Johnson.

1865 Edmund Randolph.

1794 Grant.

Elihu B. Washburne. III. 1869

1795
Timothy Pickering... Mass..

Hamilton Fish. N. Y.. 1869
1797
Hayes
Wiliam M. Evarts...

1877 J. Adms. John Marshall. Va. 1800

Garfield. James G. Blaine..... Me... 1881 Jefferson James Madison.. 1801 Arthur.

1881 Madison Robert Smith.

Md. 1809

F, T. Frelinghuysen.. N.. 1881 James Monroe

Va.

1811 Cleveland. Thomas F. Bayard... Del.. 1885 Monroe. John Quincy Adams . Mass. 1817 B. Harrison.. James G. Blalne... Me..

1889 J. Q Adams.. Henry Clay... Ky. 1825

John W. Foster Ind.. 1892 Jackson..

Martin Van Buren.. N. Y.. 1829 Cleveland Walter Q. Gresham..JIU.. 1893
Edward Livingston. La.

1831
Richard Olney. Mass..

1895 Louis McLane.

Del... 1833 McKinley John Sherman. Ohio. 1897
John Forsyth.

1834
William R. Day

1898 1837 Van Buren.

John Hay..

1898 Mass.. 1841 W.H. Harrison Daniel Webster.

T. Roosevelt

1901 1841 Ellhu Root.

1905 Tyler Hugh S. Legaré. S. C...

1843
Robert Bacon.

1909 Abel P. Upshur.

Va....
1843 Taft..

Philander C. Knox... Pa. 1909
John C. Calhoun. S. C... 1844 Wilson. William J. Bryan. Neb. 1913
James Buchanan.

Pa...

1845 Polk.

Robert Lansing. N. Y. 1915 Taylor John M. Clayton. Del.. 1849

Balnbridge Colby.

1920 D We r. Mass.. 1850 Harding. Fillmore.

Charles E. Hugnes...

1921 Edward Everett.. 1852 Coolidge

1923 William L. Marcy Pierce

N. Y.
1853

Frank B. Kellogg.. Mina. 1925
Mich.
Lewis Cass.

1857 Hoover. Buchanan

Henry L. Stimson. N. Y.. 1929
Jeremiah S. Black.

Pa.
1860 F.D. Roosevelt Cordell Hull.

Teon.

1933 Secretaries of the Navy The Navy Department was created by Act of Congress April 30, 1798, which made the Secretary a member of the Cabinet. President Adams appointed Benjamin Stoddert' to the part May 3. J. Adams. Benjamin Stoddert... Md.. 1798 Lincoln.. Gideon Welles......

Ct.

1861 1801 Johnson.

1865 Jefferson Robert Smith...

1802 Grant.

Adolph E. Borie.. Pa. 1869

1802 Madison

George M. Robeson.. N. J. 1869 Paul Hamilton. s.c...

1809 Hayes

Richard W. Thompson Ind. 1877 William Jones. Pa.. 1813

Nathan Goff Jr.. .. W.Va. 1881 B. W. Crowninshield. Mass. 1814 Garfield. William H. Hunt.. La. 1881

1817 Arthur. Monroe

1881 Smith Thompson.... N. Y.. 1818

William E. Chandler N. H. 1882 Samuel L. Southard.. N. J...

1823 Cleveland William C. Whitney . N. Y 1885

1825 B. Harrison Benjamin F. Tracy.. J. Adams

1889 John Branch. Jackson.

N. C.. 1829 Cleveland. Hilary A. Herbert.. Ala. 1893
Levi Woodbury.
N. H.. 1831 McKinley John D, Long.

1897 Mahlon Dickerson... N.J... 1834 T. Roosevelt.

1901 1837

William H. Moody... Van Buren...

1902 James K. Paulding... N. Y.. 1838

Paul Morton..

1904 W.H.Harrison George E. Badger... N. C. 1841

Charles J. Bonaparte. Md.. 1905 1841

Victor H. Metcall. Cal. Tyler

1906 Abel P. Upshur...

1841

Truman H. Newberry Mich. 1908
David Henshaw

Mass..
1843 Tatt..

George von L. Meyer Mass. 1909
Thomas W. Gilmer..

Va. 1844 Wilson. Josephus Daniels.... N. C.. 1913 John Y. Mason...

1844 Harding Edwin Denby.... Mich. 1921 George Bancroft.. Mass.. 1845 Polk

Coolidge

1923 John Y. Mason... Va. 1846

Curtis D. Wilbur. Cal.. 1924

1849 William B. Preston..

Hoover Taylor

Charles Francis Adams Mass.. 1929 William A. Graham.. N. C.. 1850 Fillmore

F.D. Roosevelt Claude A. Swanson. Va.

1933 John P. Kennedy.. Md.. 1852

Charles Edison.... N. J... 1940 James C. Dobbin. N. C.. 1853

Frank Knox.. Pierce.

III. 1940 Isaac Toucey..

Ct.. Buchanan

1857 George Cabot of Beverly, Mass., was appointed Elected as a Federalist to the United States the first Secretary of the Navy, May 3. 1798, and Senate, and served from March 4. 1791, to June 6, was confirmed by the Senate, but declined the 1796, when he resigned; member of the Executive Oilice. He was born in Salem, Mass., Dec. 16, 1751; Council of Massachusetts in 1808; delegate to the attended Harvard College;, member of the State Hartford Convention of 1814, and served as its provincial congress in 1775; delegate to the State presiding officer. constitutional convention in 1777 and to the con- He died in Boston, April 18, 1823. He was the vention which ratified the Constitution of the grandfather of the late Henry Cabot Lodge, United States in 1787.

Senator from Massachusetts.

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Secretaries of the Treasury The Second Continental Congress on July 29, 1775, appointed Michael Hillegas and George Clymer, Esqs., as "joint treasurers of the United Colonies." Francis Hopkinson was elected Treasurer of Loans July 27, 1778. Robert Morris was appointed Superintendent of Finances by the Seventh Continental Congress on Feb. 20, 1781. The Treasury Department was organized by Act of Congress on Sept. 2, 1789, and President Washington commissioned Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 11. Resi- ! AP

Resi-1 ApPresidents Cabinet Officers denc's pointed Presidents Cabinet Officers denc's polated Washington.. Alexander Hamilton.. N. .Y. 1789 Lincoln.. Hugh McCulloch.... Ind... 1865 Oliver Wolcott Jr. Ct.. 1795 Johnson.

1865 J. Adams.

1797 Grant.
George S. Boutwell.

Mass.

1869 Samuel Dexter. Mass., 1801

Wm. A. Richardson,

1873 Jefferson..

1801

Benjamin H. Bristow. Ky.... 1874
Albert Gallatin

Pa...
1801
Lot M. Morrill.

1876 Madison.

1809 Hayes. John Sherman. Ohio.. 1877 George W. Campbell Tenn. 1814 Garfield William Windom. Mion. 1881 Alexander J. Dallas 1814 Arthur

1881 William H. Crawford. Ga... 1816

Charles J. Folger. N. Y.. 1881 Monroe

1817

Walter Q. Gresham... Ind... 1884 J. Q. Adams. Richard Rush

Pa.. 1825
Hugh McCulloch

1884 Jackson Samuel D. Ingham.

1829 Cleveland. Danlel Manning

N. Y.. 1885 Louis McLane.. Del.. 1831

Charles 8. Fairchild..

1887 William J. Duane. Pa.. 1833 B. Harrison. Willam Windom. Mion.

1889 Roger B. Taney.

Md..
1833

Charles Foster .. Ohio. 1891
Levi Woodbury
N. H. 1834 Cleveland ... John G. Carlisle.

1893 Van Buren

1837
McKinley Lyman): Gage

. 1897 W.H.Harrison Thomas Ewing. Ohio. 1841 T. Roosevelt

1901 Tyler.

1841
Leslie M. Shaw

la.. 1902 Walter Forward

1841

George B. Cortelyou.. N. Y. 1907 John C. Spencer N. Y. 1843 Tart.

Franklin MacVeagh.. Ill. 1909 George M. Blbb.

Ky.. 1844 Wilson. William G, McAdoo. . N. Y.. 1913 Polk Robert J. Walker Miss.. 1845

Carter Glass

Va..

1919 Taylor William M. Meredith. Pa. 1849

David F. Houston...

Mo..

1920 Fuimore Thomas Corwin. Ohio. 1850 Harding Andrew W. Mellon. Pa.

1921 Plerce James Guthrie..

Ky...
1853 Coolidge.

1923 Buchanan Howell Cobb.

Ga...
1857 Hoover

1929 Philip F. Thomas.. Md. 1860

Ogden L. Mills N. Y..

1932 John A. Dix. N. Y. 1861 F.D. Roosevelt William H. Woodin.

1933 Lincoln Salmon P. Chase, . Ohio. 1861

Henry Morgenthau, Jr.

1934 William P. Fessenden. Me.. 1864

Pa...

Ky...

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1825

Secretaries of War The Second Continental Congress set up in June, 1776, a Board of War and Ordnance consisting of five members: John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, James Wilson and Edward Rutledge. Richard Peters was elected Secretary on June 12. This Board several times changed, continued until Oct. 30. 1781, when Congress appointed Benjamin Lincoln Secretary of War, a position created by Act of Congress the previous February, The Eleventh Continental Congress on March 8, 1785, appointed Gen. Henry Knox to succeed him with the added duties of the Navy. The War (and Navy) Department was created by Act of Congress Aug. 7, 1789, and Gen. Henry Knox was commissioned Secretary of War under that Act Sept. 12, 1789. Washington. . Henry Knox Mass.. 1789 Johnson Jonn M. Schofield....Il.. 1868 Timothy Pickering,

1795 Grant.
John A. Rawlins.

1869
James McHenry
Md.. 1796

William T. Sherman..Ohio.. 1869 J. Adams

1797

William W. Belknip.. Ia..... 1869 Samuel Dexter. Mass.. 1800

Alphonso Taft... Ohio. 1876 Jefferson. Henry Dearborn.

1801

James Don. Carneron. Pa.... 1876 Madison. William Eustis.

1809 Hayes

George W. McCarry.. la.. 1877 John Armstrong N. Y.. 1813

Alexander Ramsey. Minn,

1879 James Monroe

Va.
1814 Garfield Robert T. Lincoln...

1881 William H. Crawford Ga.. 1815 Arthur

1881 Monroe. Geo. Graham (ad. In).Va. 1817 Cleveland.. William C. Endicott. Mass.. 1885 John C. Calhoun... S. C... 1817 B. Harrison.. Reddeld Proctor.

1889 J. Q. Adams. . James Barbour.

Va..

Stephen B. Elkins..

W.Va. 1891 Peter B. Porter.. N. Y.. 1828 Cleveland.. Daniel S. Lamont.. N. Y.. 1893 Jackson. John H. Eaton. Tenn. 1829 McKinley Russel A, Alger,

Mich. 1897
Lewis Cass..
Obio.. 1831

Ellhu Root.

N. Y.,

1899 Benjamin F. Butler

N. Y..
1837 T. Roosevelt

1901 Van Buren.. Joel'R. Poinsett. S.C... 1837

William H. Tart Ohio. 1904 W.H.Harrison John Bell....

Tenn.
1841
Luke E. Wright.. Tenn.

1908 Tyler. John C. Spencer N. Y.. 1841 Taft

Jacob M. Dickinson..

1909 James M. Porter.

1843

Henry L. Stimson. N. Y... 1911 William Wilkins

1844 Wilson Lindley M Garrison. N.J... 1913 Polk William L. Marcy.

N. Y..
1845

Newton D. Baker.. Ohio.. 1916 Taylor George W. Crawford Ga.. 1849 Harding John W. Weeks. Mass..

1921 Fillmore. Charles M. Conrad... La. 1850 Coolidge.

1923 Pierce Jefferson Davis..

Miss.
1853
Dwight F. Davis.

1925 Buchanan. John B. Floyd..

Va.
1857 Hoover. James W. Good.

1929 Joseph Holt..

Ky..
1861

Patrick J. Hurley. Okla.. 1929 Lincoln.. Simon Cameron, Pa. 1861 F.D. Roosevelt George 11. Dern. Utah.

1933 Edwin M. Stanton.. Ohio. 1962

Harry H. Woodring Kan.. 1936 Johnson.

1865

Henry L. Stimson. N. Y. 1940 U.S. Grant (ad. in.)..Ill. 1867

Secretaries of Agriculture The Department of Agriculture was created by Act of Congress, May 15, 1862. On Feb. 8, 1889, its Commissioner was renamed secretary of agriculture and became a member of the Cabinet.

The Secretary of Agriculture is charged with the work of promoting agriculture in its broadest sense. He exercises general supervision and control over the affairs of the department and formulates and establishes the general policies to be pursued by its various branches. Cleveland.... Norman J. Colman... Mo.. 1889 Wilson. Edw. T, Meredith..

1920 B. Harrison.. Jeremiah M. Rusk.. Wis.. 1889 Harding. Henry C. Wallace...

1921 Neb.. 1893 Cleveland.... J. Sterling Morton.

Coolidge. Howard M. Gore..

w.va. 1924 McKinley James Wilson.

1897
W. M. Jardine.

Kan... 1925 T. Roosevelt.

1901 Hoover
Arthur M. Hyde.

1929 1909 F.D. Roosevelt Henry A Wallace

1933 Wilson ...... David F. Houston... Mo 1913

Claude R. Wickard ..ind...] 1940

Pa...

Mo....1
Iowa.

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Postmasters-General Benjamin Franklin had been Deputy Postmaster in America, (1737), and Postmaster General for the Colonies (1753) under the King until summarily dismissed by him Jan. 30, 1774. The Second Continental Congress created the Post Office Department with headquarters in Philadelphia and on July 26. 1776. elected Benjamin Franklin Postmaster-General for one year. On his sailing later for France as one of the Ambassadors, Richard Bache succeeded him on Nov. 7, 1776. Ebenezer Hazard was appointed Postmaster-General Jan. 28, 1782. Congress temporarily established the Post Office Department as a branch of the Treasury, on Sept. 22, 1789. and Washington commissioned Samuel Osgood PostmasterGeneral on Sept. 26. The Postmaster-General was made a member of the Cabinet March 9, 1829. Date

Date Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi- Ap

Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi- Apde'ces pointed

de'ces pointed Washington Samuel Osgood. Mass.

1789
Grant..

James W. Marshall Va... 1874
Timothy Pickering

1791

Marshall Jewell... Ct.. 1874 Joseph Habergham Ga.. 1795

James N. Tyner.. Ind.. 1876 J. Adams..

1797 Hayes..

David McK. Key Tenn. 1877 Jetterson,

1801
Horace Maynard.

1880 Gideon Granger... Ct. 1801 Garfield

Thomas L. James N. Y.. 1881 Madison 1809 Arthur..

1881 Return J. Melgs jr Ohio.

1814

Timothy 0. Howe Wis. 1881 Monroe

1817

WalterQ.Gresham. Ind.. 1883 John McLean.....

1823

Frank Hatton.....la... 1884 J. Q. Adams

1825 Cleveland

William F. Vilas... Wis.. 1885 William T. Barry. Ky

1829 Jackson

Don M. Dickinson. Mich. 1888 Amos Kendall..

1835 B Harrison John Wanamaker Pa.... 1889 Van Buren

1837
Cleveland,

Wilson S. Bissel N. Y.. 1893
John M. Niles. Ct. 1840

William L. Wilson, W.Va. 1895 W. H.. Harrison Francis Granger. N. Y 1841 McKinley James A. Gary....

1897 Tyler

1841
Chas. EmorySmith. Pa.

1898 Charles A. Wicklit Ky... 1841 T. Roosevelt.

1898 Polk. Cave Johnson... Tenn. 1845

1901 Taylor. Jacob Collamer.

1849

Henry C. Payne... Wis. 1902 Fillmore. Nathan K. Hall N. Y..

1850

Robert J. Wynne.. Pa... 1904 SamuelD. Hubbard Ct...

1852

GeorgeB.Cortelyou N. Y. 1905 Pierce. James Campbell... Pa...

1853

George vonL.Meyer Mass. 1907 Buchanan. Aaron V. Brown. Tenn. 1857

Taft...
F. H. Hitchcock...

1909 Joseph Holt.

Ky...
1859 Wilson
Albert S. Burleson, Tex..

1913 Horatio King

Me....

1861
Harding

Will H. Hays... Ind.. 1921
Lincoln..
Montgomery Blair. Md... 1861

Hubert Work... Col. 1922 William Dennison. Ohio.. 1864

Harry S. New... Ind. 1923 Johnson 1865 Coolidge..

1923 Alex. W. Randall Wis... 1866 Hoover

Walter F. Brown..Ohio. 1929 Grant. John A. J. Creswell Md... 1869 F D. Roosevelt.. James A. Farley.. N. Y.. 1933

Frank C. Walker

1940 Attorneys-General The office of Attorney-General was organized by Act of Congress Sept. 24, 1789. Washington appointed Edmund Randolph of Virginia, to the post. The Attorney-General was made a member of the Cabinet in 1814. Washington... Edmund Randolph Va. 1789

Johnson..

Henry Stanbery.. Ohio.. 1866
Whlam Bradford. Pa. 1794

William M. Evarts N. Y.. 1868
Charles
Va. 1795 Grant..

Ebenezer R. Hoar Mass.. 1869 J. Adams..

1797
Amos T. Akerman Ga....

1870 Jefferson. Levi Lincoln Mass..

1801

George H. Williams Ore... 1871 John Breckenridge Ky.. 1805

Edwards Pierrepont N. Y..

1875 Casar A. Rodnev. Del.. 1807

Alphonso_Taft... Ohio. 1876 Madison.

1809 Hayes.

Charles Devens.. Mass.. 1877
William Pinkney.. Md.. 1811 Garfield. Wayne MacVeagh. Pa... 1881
Richard Rush.... Pa.. 1814
Arthur.

1881 Monroe.

1817
Benj. H. Brewster "

1881 William Wirt....

1817

Cleveland.. August H. Garland Ark.. 1885 J.Q. Adams.

1825 B. Harrison. Wm. H. H. Miller Ind... 1889 Jackson. John McP. Berrien Ga. 1829 Cleveland.. Richard Olney... Mass..

1893 Roger B. Taney.. Md. 1831

Judson Harmon.. Ohio.. 1895 Benjamin F. Butler N. Y.. 1833 McKinley Joseph McKenna. Cal...

1897 Van Buren.

1837

John W. Griggs. N.J... 1898
Felix Grundy
Tenn. 1838

Philander C. Knox Pa.... 1901
Henry D. Gilpin. Pa.... 1840 T. Roosevelt..

1901 W. H. Harrison..John J. Crittenden Ky... 1841

William H. Moody Mass..

1904 Tyler

1841

Chas. J. Bonaparte Md.. 1906 Hugh 8. Legare. . s.c.. 1841 Taft.

Geo. E. Wickersham N.Y.. 1909 John Nelson... Md... 1843

Wilson..

J. C. McReynolds Tenn. 1913 Polk. John Y. Mason. Va... 1845

Thomas E. Gregory Ter... 1914 Nathan Clifford. Me.... 1846

A. M. Palmer.... Penn. 1919
Isaac Toucey

Ct...
1848 Harding

H. M. Daugherty. Ohio.. 1921
Taylor..
Reverdy Johnson. Md... 1849 Coolidge.

1923 Fillmore. John J. Crittenden Ky.. 1850

Harlan F. Stone. . N. Y.. 1924 Pierce. Caleb Cushing... Mass.

1853

John G. Sargent.. Vt.. 1925 Buchanan. Jeremiah 8. Black Pa.. 1857 Hoover..

Wm. D. Mitchell Minn. 1929 Edwin M. Stanton

1860 F. D. Roosevelt.. Homers. Cummings Ct. 1933 Lincoln.. Edward Bates... Mo., 1861

Frank Murphy .... Mich.. 1939
James Speed..... Ky...

1864
Robt. H. Jackson. N. Y..

1940 Johnson..

1865

Francis Biddle.. Pa.. 1941 Secretaries of Commerce and Labor The Department of Commerce and Labor was created by Act of Congress Feb. 14, 1903, and its Secretary made a membe: of the Cabinet. This Department was divided by Act of Congress in 1913 into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor, and the Secretary of each was made a Cabinet member. T Roosevelt.. Geo, B. Cortelyou N. Y.. 1903 T. Roosevelt ...Victor H. Metcall. Cal..

TaRoosevelt... Creates Suraus... M....

1906 1904

1909 Secretaries of Commerce

Secretaries of Labor
Wilson.
William C. Redfield N. Y.. 1913

Wilson.

William B. Wilson. Pa. 1913 Josh. W. Alexander Mo... 1919 Harding

James J. Davis...

1921 Harding Herbert C. Hoover Cal...

1921
Coolidge.

1923 Coolidge.

1923
Hoover..

1929 William F. Whiting Mass.. 1928

William N. Doak..Va. 1930 Hoover.

Robert P. Lamont. 111.. 1929 F. D. Roosevelt. Frances Perkins.. N. Y. 1933

Roy D. Chapin... Mich.. 1932
F. D. Roosevelt Daniel C. Roper. . S. C... 1933

Harry L Hopkins. Iowa.. 1939
Jesse Jones....

Texas. 1940

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Secretaries of the Interior The Department of the Ihterior was created by Act of Congress March 3, 1849, and Its secretary made a member of the Cabinet. It is charged with the supervision of public business relating to the General Land Office, Bureau of Reclamation. Geological Survey, Office of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Pensions, Bureau of Education, National Park Service, and certain hospitals and eleemosynary Institutions in the Dist. of Columbia. Resi- Ap

Resi

ApPresidents Cabinet Officers dences polnted Presidents Cabinet Officers (dences pointed Taylor..

Thomas Ewing...Ohio.. 1849 Cleveland... William F. Vilas.. Wis... 1888 Fillmore. T.M.T.McKennan Pa.... 1850 B. Harrison John W. Noble..

1889 Alex. H. H. Stuart Va.. 1850 Cleveland Hoke Smith.

1893 Plerce. Robert McClelland Mich. 1853

David R. Francis Mo... 1896 Buchanan, Jacob Thompson. . Miss..

McKinley. Cornelius N. Bliss, N. Y..

1897 Lincoln. Caleb B. Smith... Ind...

1861

Ethan A. Hitchcock Mo... 1898 John P. Usher... 1863 T. Roosevelt

1901 Johnson

1865
James R. Garfield. Ohio.

1907 James Harlan. lowa. 1865 Taft.

Rich. A. Ballinger Wash, 1909 Orv. H. Browning III. 1866

Walter L. Fisher..mil.... 1911 Grant Jacob D. Cox.. Ohio.. 1869 Wilson

Franklin K. Lane. Cal... 1913 Columbus Delano.

1870

John B. Payne...Va.... 1920
Zachariah Chandler Mich.

1875
Harding Albert B. Fall.. N. M.

1921
Hayes.
Carl Schurz.
Mo... 1877

Hubert Work.

1923 Garfield. Sam. J. Kirkwood lowa.. 1881 Coolidge.

Col.. 1923 Arthur

1881
Roy . West,

1928 Henry M. Teller. . Col.. 1882

Hoover

Ray Lyman Wilbur Cal.. 1929 Cleveland Lucius Q. C. Lamar Miss. 1885 F. D. Roosevelt. Harold L. Ickes.. 111. 1933 Vice-Presidents of the United States

Resi- Qual. Poli-
Name

Birthplace Yr. dence ified tics Place of Death Yr. Age 1 John Adams.. Quincy, Mass. 1735 Mass.. 1789 Fed...Quincy, Mass.

18261 90 2 Thomas Jefferson, Shad well, Va.

1743 Va. 1797 Rep... Monticello, Va. 1826 83 3 Aaron Burr.. Newark, N. J..

1756 N. Y. 1801 Rep... Staten Island, N. Y.:J1836 80 4 George Clinton. Ulster Co., N. Y 1739

1805 Rep... Washington, D. C... 1812 73 5 Elbridge Gerry Marblehead, Mass. 1744 Mass.. 1813 Rep...

18141 70 6 Daniel D. Tompkins. Scarsdale, N. Y. 1774 N. Y 1817 Rep.:: Staten Island, N. Y.: 1823 31 7 John C. Calhoun.... Abbeville, 8. C.

1782 S. C... 1825 Rep... Washington, D. C., 18501 68 8 Martin Van Buren. Kinderhook, N. Y 1782 N. Y.1833 Dem.. Kinderhook, N. Y. 18621 79 9 Richard M. Johnson, Louisville, Ky 1780 Ky.. 1837 Dem. Frankfort, Ky,

1850 70 10 John Tyler. Greenway, Va. 1790 Va... 1841 Dem. Richmond, Va.

1862 72 11 George M. Dallas... Philadelphia, Pa. 1792 Pa... 1845 Dem. . Philadelphia, Pa.. 1864 72 12 Millard Fillmore.... Summerhill, N. Y 1800 N. Y. 1849 Whig.. Buffalo, N. Y

1874 74 13 William R. King Sampson Co., N. C.. 1786 Ala... 1853 Dem. . Dallas Co., Ala. 1853 67 14 John C. Breckinridge Lexington, Ky.. 1821 Ky.... 1857 Dem.. Lexington, Ky. 1875 54 15 Hannibal Hamlin... Paris, Me. 1809 Me... 1861 Rep... Bangor, Me.

18911 81 16 Andrew Johnson, Raleigh, NC..

1808 Tenn. 1865 Rep... Carter Co., Tenn.. 1875 66 17 Schuyler Colfax... New York City, N. Y. 1823 Ind... 1869 Rep... Mankato, Minn. 1885) 62 18 Henry Wilson. Farmington, N. H.. 1812 Mass.. 1873 Rep... Washington, D, C., 1875) 63 19 William A. Wheeler.. Malone, N. Y.. 1819 N, Y. 1877 Rep... Malone, N. Y.

1887 68 20 Chester A. Arthur... Fairfield, Vt.

1830

1881 Rep... New York City.N.Y.. 1886 56 21 Thos. A. Hendricks.. Muskingum Co., Ohio. 1819 Ind. 1885 Dern. Indianapolis, Ind. 1885/ 66 22 Levi P. Morton... Shoreham, Vt.

1824 N. Y. 1889 Rep... Rbinebeck, N. Y 1920 96 23 Adlal E. Stevenson.. Christian Co., Ky 1835 Ill. 1893 Dem.. Chicago, Ill.

1914 78 24 Garrett A. Hobart. . Long Branch, N. J. 1844 N. J... 1897 Rep... Paterson, N. J.

1899 55 25 Theodore Roosevelt New York City, N. Y. 1858 N. Y. 1901 Rep... Oyster Bay, NY 1919 61 26 Chas. W. Fairbanks. Unionville Centre, Ohio 1852 Ind... 1905 Rep... Indianapolis, Ind.. 1918 66 27 James S. Sherman... Utica, N. Y.. 1855 N. Y.. 1909 Rep... Utica, N. Y.

1912 57 28 Thos, R. Marshall... No. Manchester, Ind.. 1854 Ind... 1913 Dem.. Washington, DC.. 1925) 71 29 Calvin Coolidge..... Plymouth, Vt... 1872 Mass.. 1921 Rep... Northampton, Mass.. 1933 60 30 Charles G. Dawes... Marietta, Ohio.

1865 I.. 1925 Rep... 31 Charles Curtis....... Topeka, Kan.. 1860 Kan. 1929 Rep... Washington, D. C.:: 1938.76 32 John Nance Garner.. Red River Co., Tex. . 1869 Tex... 1933 Dem. 33 Henry Agard Wallace Adair County, Ia., 1888 Iowa, 1941 Dem..

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Ky.

F.A.Muhlenburg Pa... 1789-1791 James K. Polk... Ter... 1835-1839 Joseph W. Keller.o....1881-1883 J. Trumbull.... Ct... 1791-1793 R. M. T. Hunter. Va... 1839-1841 John G. Carllele. Ky 1883-1889 F.A.Muhlenburg Pa. 1793-1795 John White.

1841-1843) Thomas B. Reed. Me... 1889-1891 Jonathan Dayton N. J 1795-1799 John W. Jones... Va.. 1843-1845 Charles F. Crisp. Ga... (1891-1895 Theo. Sedgwick. Mas. 1799-1801| John W. Davis... Ind.. 1845-1847 Thomas B. Reed. Me... 1895-1899 Nathaniel Macon N. C. 1801-1807 R. C. Winthrop.. Mas. 1847-1849 D. B. Henderson. Ia...

1899-1903 Joseph B. Varnum Mas. 1807-1811 Howell Cobb. Ga... 1849-1851 Joseph G .Cannon 111...1903-1910 Henry Clay.. Ky... 1811-1814 Linn Boyd. Ky... 1851-1855|Champ Clark.... Mo.. 1911-1919 Langdon Cheves. S. c. 1814-1815N. P. Banks.. Mas. 1856-1857| Fred'k H. Gillett. Mas. 1919-1925 Henry Clay ..... Ky... |1815-1820 James L. Orr.. S. C. 1867-1859| Nich. Longworth o.. 1925-1931 John W. Taylor.. N Y. 1820-1821|wm. Pennington. N. J. 1860-1861 John N. Garner. . Tex. . 1931-1933 Philip P. Barbour Va... 1821-1823 Galusha A. Grow Pa... 1861-1863 Henry T. Rainey. In... 1933-1934 Henry Clay. Ky... 1823-1825 Schuyler Colfax.. Ind. . 1863-1869 Joseph W. Byrns. Ten. 1935-1938 John W. Taylor..NY. 1825-1827|James G. Blaine.. Me.. 1869-1875Wm. B. Bankhead Ala. 1936-1940 And. Stephenson. Ya... 1827-1838| Michael C. Kerri bad.. 1875-1876 Sam Rayburn...

Tex.. 1941... J. Randall Pa...

The Oath of a President The Constitution directs that the President shall In place of "protect," W. H. Taft, when he took take the following oath or affirmation: "I do the oath, used the word "maintain." solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully

Oath of U. S. Supreme Court Justice execute the office of President of the United States, I do solemnly swear that I will administer justice and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, pro; without respect to persons, and do equal right to tect, and defend the Constitution of the United the poor and to the rich; and that I will faithfully States."

George Washington, as President, took the fol- discharge all the duties incumbent on me as Judge. lowing oath: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) according to the best of my abilities and under: that I will support the Constitution of the United standing, agreeably to the Constitution and laws States.'

of the United States.

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24

Va.

Dem.

Whig

Rep..

Rep.

1. . George Washington. Fed.

Va.

1732, Feb. 22) 1789 57 1799, Dec. 14 67 2. John Adams...

Fed.
Mass. 1735, Oct. 30| 1797

61 1826, July

90 3.. Thomas Jefferson. Rep. Dem. Va. 1743, April 13 1801 57 1826, July

83 4.. James Madison..

Rep. - Dem.. Va. 1751, March 16) 1809 57 1836, June 28 85 5. James Monroe. Rep. Dem.. Va. 1758, April 28 1817 58 1831, July

73 6. John Quincy Adama. Rep. Dem.. Mass. 1767, July 11) 1825 57 1848, Feb. 23 80 7. Andrew Jackson,

Dem..

S.C. 1767, March 15) 1829 61 |1845, June 8 78 8. . Martin Van Buren.

Dem.
N. Y. 1782, Dec. 51 1837 54 1862, July

79 9.. William Henry Harrison Whlg.

1773, Feb. 9 1841 68 1841, April 4 68 10. JJohn Tyler...

Dem.

Va. (1790, March 29) 1841 51 1862, Jan. 17 71 11. James Knox Polk.

N. C. 1795, Nov. 2 1845 49 1849, June 151 53 12..Zachary Taylor..

Whig.

Va. 1784, Nov. 24/ 1849 64 1850, July 9 65 13. Millard Fillmore.

N. Y. 1800, Jan 7 1850 50 1874, March 8 74 14.. Franklin Pierce..

Dem.

N. H. 1804, Nov. 231 1853 48 1869, Oct. 8 64 15.. James Buchanan..

Dem...

Pa.
1791, April 23 1857 65 1868, June

77 16. Abraham Lincoln,

Ky. 1809, Feb. 12] 1861 52 1865, April 15 56 17. Andrew Johnson.

Dem.. N. C. 1808, Dec. 291 1865 56 1875, July 31 66 18. Ulysses Simpson Grant. Rep.

Ohio 1822, April 27) 1869 46 1885, July 23 63 19.. Rutherford Birchard Hayee Rep.

Ohio 1822, Oct. 4 1877 54 1893, Jan. 17 70 20.. James Abram Garfield.... Rep... Ohio 1831, Nov, 19 1881 49 1881, Sept. 19 49 21.. Chester Alan Arthur.. Rep.

Vt. 1830, Oct. 5/ 1881 50 1886, Nov. 18 56 22, Grover Cleveland..

Dem.

N, J. 1837, March 18 1885 47 1908, June 24 71 23. Benjamin Harrison. Rep.

Ohio 1833, Aug. 20 1889 55 1901, March 13 67 24..Grover Cleveland..

Dem.

N.J. 1837, March 181 1893 55 1908, June 24 71 25.. William McKinley.

Rep..

Ohio 1843, Jan. 29 1897 54 1901, Sept. 14 58 26.. Theodore Roosevelt.

Rep.

N. Y. 11858, Oct. 27 1901 42 1919, Jan. 6 61 27.. William Howard Taft.

Ohio 11857, Sept. 15) 1909 51 1930, March 8 72 28. Woodrow Wilson.

Dem.

Va. 1856, Dec. 28/ 1913 56 1924, Feb. 31 67 29.. Warren Gamaliel Hard

Rep.

Ohio 1865, Nov. 2 1921 55 1923, Aug. 2 30. . Calvin Coolidge.

Rep.

Vt. 1872, July 4 1923 51 1933, Jan. 31. . Herbert Clark Hoover.

Rep..

lowa

1874. Aug. 101 1929 54 32.. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Dem. N. Y. 1882, Jan. 30 1933 51

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the first person in Baptist-Harding. the history of the United States to win or accept Congregationalist-Coolidge. more than two terms of the Presidency. He was Disciples-Garfield. inaugurated (Jan. 20, 1941) for his third term. Jefferson and Lincoln did not claim membership Cleveland's baptismal name was Stephen Grover; any

denomination. Hayes attended

the Wilson's was Thomas Woodrow; that of Coolidge Methodist Church, but never joined. was John Calvin.

Freemasons - Washington, Monroe, Jackson, Andrew Johnson was a pro-Union Dem., who Polk, Buchanan, Johnson, Garfield,' McKinley, was nominated with Lincoln on a National-Union both Roosevelts, Taft, Harding. ticket. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS

ANCESTRY Friends (Quakers ) --Hoover.

Swiss-Hoover. Episcopalians-Washington, Madison, Monroe, Gen. W. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Pierce, Arthur, Adams, W. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Fillmore,

English--Washington, J. Adams, Madison, J. Q. and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Pierce, Lincoln, Johnson, Grant, Garfield, Cleve.
Presbyterians-Jackson, Buchanan, Cleveland, land, B. Harrison Taft, Harding, Coolidge.
Benj. Harrison, Wilson.

Welsh-Jefferson (a family tradition).
Methodists-Polk, Johnson, Grant, McKinley.
Unitarian-John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Fillmore,

Scottish--Monroe, Hayes. Scotch-Irish-Jackson, Taft.

Polk, Buchanan, Arthur, McKinley, Wilson. Reformed Dutch-Van Buren, T. Roosevelt. Dutch-Van Buren, both the Roosevelts.

The Wives of the Presidents

Source: Government and Family Records President

Wife's Name

Nativity Born Maried Died Sons Dau'ers
Washington.. Martha (Dandridge) Custis.. ... Va.. 1731 1759 1802
J. Adams.
Abigail Smith.

Mass.. 1744 1764 1818 3
Jefferson.
Martha (Wayles) Skelton.

1748 1772 1782

1 Madison..

Dorothy ("Dolly") (Payne) Toda. N. Car.. 1772 1794 1849
Monroe
Eliza Kortright..

N. Y. 1768 1786 1830
J. Q. Adams

Louisa Catherine Johnson Md.* 1775 1797 1852
Jackson
Rachel (Donelson) Robards.

1767 1791 1828
Van Buren
Hannah Hoes...

N. Y 1783 1807 1819
W. H. Harrison
ona Symmes.

N.J.. 1775 1795 1864
Tyler..
Letitia Christian.

1790 1813 1842
Julia Gardiner.

N. Y 1820 1844 1889
Polk.
Sarah Childress

Tenn. 1803 1824 1891
Taylor
Margaret Smith.

Md.

1788 1810 1852
Filmore.
Abigail Powers.

N. Y 1798 1826 1853
Caroline (Carmichael) Mcintosh N. J.. 1813 1858 1881
Pierce..
Jane Means Appleton.

N. H. 1806 1834 1863
Buchanan.

(Unmarried) Lincoln Mary Todd.

Ky

1818 1842 1882 Johnson, Eliza McCardle.

Tenn

1810 1827 1876 3
Grant.
Julia Dent..

Mo... 1826 1848 1902 3
Hayes .
Lucy Ware Webb,
Ohio, 1831 1852 1889

7
Garfield
Lucretia Rudolph
Ohio. 1833 1858 1918

4
Artbur.
Ellen Lewis Herndon.

1837 1859 1880

2
Cleveland.
Frances Folsom.
N. Y. 1864 1886

2
B. Harrison.
Caroline Lavinia Scott

Ohio 1832 1853 1892
Mary Scott (Lord) Dimmick

1858 1896
MeKinley
Ida Saxton.

Ohio 1847 1871
T. Roosevelt
Alice Hathaway Lee.

Mass.

1861 1880 1884
Edith Kermit Carow.

N. Y.. 1861 1886
Taft.
Helen Herron.

Ohio..
1861 1886

2
Wilson,
Ellen Louise Axson

Ga..

1860 1885 1914 Edith (Bolling) Galt

Va.

1872 1915 Harding. Florence (Kling) De Wolle. Ohlo.

1860 1891 1924 Coolidge. Grace Anna Googhue..

1879 1905 Hoover.... Lou Henry......

Iowa.

1875 1899 F. D. Roosevelt. JAnns Eleanor Roosevelt

IN. Y.. 1884 1905 “Although born in London, her father was an American, and his family were Marylanders.

Va..

Va.

Va,

Va..

Pa..

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