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SEAPLANES (Continued) Oct. 23, 1934. (United States)-Speed 395,439 km. p, h. (245.713 m. p. h.)-Lieut. James H. Doolittle, U. S. A. S., Oct. 27, 1925.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)-Speed 403.424 km. p. h. (250.676 m. p. h.) -M. Stoppani and G. Gorini, Italy, March 30, 1938. (United States)-Speed 266.608 km. p. h. (165.040 m. p. h.)-Maj. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, Aug. 24, 1935.

AMPHIBIANS (Class C3) Distance, Airline (International)--2,300.860 kilometers (1,429.685 miles)--Maj. Gen. F. M. Andrews and crew, U.S., from San Juan,

Porto Rico, to Langley Field, Va., June 29, 1936. (United States)-same. Altitude (International)-7,605 meters (24,850.712 feet)-Boris Sergievsky, U. S., Stratford, Conn.. April 14, 1936. (United States)-same.

Maximum speed (International)--Speed 370.814 km. p. h. (230.413 m. p. h.)--A. P. de Seversky, U. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 15 1935. (United States) same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles) (International)-speed 337.079 km. p. h. (209.451 m. p. h.) A, P. de Seversky, U. S., Miami, Fla., Dec. 19, 1936. (United States)---same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)-speed 299.461 km. p. h. (186.076 m. p.h.) -Capt. W. P. Sloan and Capt. B. L. Boatner, U. S. A., A C., United States, Dayton, O., July 31, 1939. (United States)--same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (First category, solo) Los Angeles to New York (International)-Speed, 526.500 km. p. h (327.151 m. p. h) Howard R. Hughes, U. S., Jan. 19, 1937. Elapsed time: 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 sec. (United States) same.

London to Capetown, Africa (International)--Speed 244.876 km. p. h. (152.159 m. p. h.)-A. Henshaw, Great Britain, Feb. 5-6, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 25 mins.

Capetown, Africa,' to London (International)-Speed 243.745 km. p. h. (151.456 m. p. h.)--A Henshaw, Great Britain, Feb. 7-9, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 36 mins..

Havana to Washington, D. c. (International)--Speed 376.512 km. p. h. (233.953 m. p. h.)--Col. A. P. de Seversky, U. S., Dec. 17, 1937, Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 50 mins., 59 secs. (United States s-same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (Second category). Los Angeles to New York (International)--Speed 427.093 km. p. h. (265.383 m. p. h.)--Major S. M. Umstead and Capt. L. F. Harman, U. S. A., A, C., Aug 1, 1939. Elapsed time: 9 hrs., 14 mins., 30 secs. (United States)-same.

New York to London (International)- Speed 272.345 km. p. h. (169,227 m. p. h.)---Henry T. Merriu and John S. Lambe, U.S., May 9-10, 1937. Elapsed time: 20 hrs., 29 mins., 45 secs. (United States)-same.

NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS West to East-Howard R. Hughes, from Burbank, Cal. to Newark, N. J., Jan. 19, 1937. Distance. 2,445 miles; elapsed time, 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 secs.; average speed,

327.151 m. p. h. East to West-A. P. de Seversky, from Brooklyn to Burbank, Cal., Aug. 29, 1938. Distance, 2,457 miles; elapsed time, 10 hrs., 2 mins., 55.7 secs.; average speed, 244.507 m. p. h. New York to Miami-Jacqueline Cochran, Dec. 3, 1937. Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 12 mins,, 27.2 secs.

Miami, Fla. to New York-Howard R. Hughes, April 21. 1936. Distance, 1,087 miles; elapsed time, 4 hrs., 21 mins., 32 secs.; average speed, 249.375 m.p.h.

Chicago to Los Angeles-Howard R. Hughes, May 14, 1936. Elapsed time; 8 hrs., 10 mins., 29.8 secs.
New York to Havana-A. P. de Seversky, Dec. 3. 1937. Elapsed time: 5 hrs., 3 mins., 5.4 secs.
New York to Washington, D. C.-A. P. de Seversky, May 19, 1938. Elapsed time: 58 mins., 38 secs.

FEMININE RECORDS (AIRPLANES-Class C)
Distance, Airline (International)-5,908.610 kilometers (3,671.432 miles ) -V. Grisodoubova and P.
Ossipenko, U. S. S. R., Sept. 24-25, 1938. (United States) --3,939.245 kilometers (2,447.728 miles) -
Amelia Earhart, from Los Angeles, Calif., to Newark, N, J., Aug, 24-25, 1932,

Altitude (International)---14,310 meters (46,948.725 feet)--Mrs. Maryse Hilz, France, June 23, 1936. (United States)--9,160 meters (30,052.430 feet) Jacqueline Cochran, Palm Springs, Calif., March 24, 1939.

Speed, maximum (International)-Speed 470.365 km. p. h. (292.271 m.p.h.) Jacqueline Cochran, V. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 21, 1937. (United States), same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (International)--Speed 470.896 km. p. h. (292.600 m. p. h.)-Jacqueline Cochran, United States. Acomita, N, M., April 20, 1940. (United States)---same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 mlies) (International) - Speed 492.341 km. p. h. (305.926 m. p. h.), Jacqueline Cochran, Burbank-San Francisco-Burbank, Calif., course. Sept. 15, 1939. (United States) -- same.

Speed for 2,000 kilometers (1,242.739 miles) (International)-Speed 533.847 km. p. h. (331.716 m. p. h), Jacqueline Cochran, Mt. Wilson-Mesa Giganta, N. M.-Mount Wilson, Calif., course, April 6, 1940. (United States) - same.

FEMININE NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS West to East-Jacqueline Cochran, from Burbank, Cal., to Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1938. Elapsed time, 10 hrs., 27 mins., 55 secs. Speed, 234.776 m.p.h.

East to West-Louise Thaden and Blanche Noyes, from Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, N. Y., to
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 4, 1936. Elapsed time, 14 hrs., 55 mins., 1 sec.
Los Angeles to Mexico City-Arnelia Earhart, April 19-20, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs., 33 mins.

Mexico City to Washington, D, C.-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs. I
min., 51 sec.
Mexico City to New York-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 14 hrs., 19 mins.

GLIDERS Distance, Airline (International)---749.203 kilometers (465.532 miles)-0. Klepikova, U. S. 8. R., from Moscow to Otradnole, region of Stalingrad, July 6, 1939. (United States)-- 423.258 kilometers (263.000 miles)-Woodbridge P. Brown, from Wichita Falls, Tex., to Wichita, Kans., June 6. 1939.

Distance with return to point of departure (International)-Boris Kimelman, U. S. S. R., July 23, 1939), 342.370 kilometers (212.738 miles). *

Duration with return to point of departure (International) -36 hrs., 35 mins., Kurt Schmidt, Ger. many, Aug. 3-4, 1933. (United States)--21 hrs., 34 mins., Lieut. William A. Cocke, Jr., Hawaii, Dec. 17-18, 1931.

Altitude above Starting Point (International) -6.838 meters (22,434.338 feet)-Erwin Ziller, Germany, Nov. 21, 1938. (United States)-5,262 meters (17,263.743 feet)---Robert M. Stanley, Elmira, N. Y., July 4, 1939.

HELICOPTERS Duration, closed circuit (International)-1

hr., 20 mins., 49 secs.-Ewald Rohlfs, Germany, June 25. 1937.

Distance, airline (International)-230.248 kilometers (143.069 miles)--Karl Bode, Germany, June 20, 1938.

FREE BALLOONS (Eighth category, 4001 meters or more) Duration (International)-87 hours. H. Kaulen, Germany, Dec. 13 to 17, 1913. (United States)-51 hours, Lieut. Commdr. T. G. W. Settle and Lieut. Charles H. Kendall, Gordon-Bennett Balloon Race. Chicago, Sept. 2, 3, 4, 1933.

Distance (International)-3,052.7 kilometers (1.896.856 miles), Berliner, Germany, Feb. 8, 9, 10, 1914. (United States)-1,887.6 kilometers (1,172.898 miles), A. R. Hawley, St. Louis, Mo., to Lake Tschoto: gama, Canada, Oct. 17, 1910.

Altitude (International)-22,066 meters (72,394.795 feet)--Capt. Orvil Anderson and Capt. Albert Stevens, United States, take-off approximately 11 miles southwest of Rapid City, S. D., landing approximately 12 miles south of White Lake, S. D., Nov. 11, 1935.

*Indicates no United States record has been established.

Aircraft, Gliders, Pilots and Glider Pilots in U. S.
Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1, 1941
Aircraft

Pilots

Lim-
Cer- Un-
Glid- Air- Com- ited

Glider tifi- certifi- Total ers

line

Pri- Total pilots cated cated

cial

vate port

cial

[graphic]

Alabama

152
1 153

134 3 798 935
Arizona.

130
1 131

70

1 517 588
Arkansas.

171
4 175

98

824

924 Callfornia.

2,174 88 2,262 47 178 1,885 45 7,857 9,965 18. Colorado.

220
224
24 126

1,109 1,260

1 Connecticut.

244
1 245

2
2 131

583 721 3 Delaware.

123
123

30

177 211 District of Columbia.

258

3
261

134

3 522 667
Florida..

499
1 500

108 422

5 1,324 1,859
Georgia.

326
4 330
3 65 244

3 1,013 1,325
Idaho.

103
103

60

665 727 Illinois.

1,221

9 1,230 17 204 571 25 3,038 3,838 Indiana,

622 24 646

4

3 267 19 1,682 1,971
Iowa.

468
8 476

1

5

209 9 1,659 1.882
Kansas
469 24 493

1 201

3 1,814 2,019
Kentucky
157 10 167

68

1
438

508
Louisiana

252
1 253

13 147

6

1,073 1,239
Maine

174
2 176

1
82

8 360 451
Maryland

308
8 316

3 124

8 764 899
Massachusetts

503
4 507

7
30 318

15 1,592 1,955
Michigan.

895 20 915 23 30 357 18 2.755 3,160 27 Minnesota,

512
551

53
261

15 1,435 1,764
Mississippi

143
5 148

89

574 663
Missouri.
602 14 616

99 475

3 2,103 2,680 3 Montana 155 12 107

77

2 640
Nebraska
192 10 202

118

5 988 1,111
Nevada

66
1 67

213 238
New Hampshire.

80

1
81

42

5 297 344
New Jersey

625
7 832
22 338 12

1,590 1,962

9 New Mexico.

120
2 122

47

479 529
New York
1,610 14 1,624 17 258 1,069 38

4,400 5,765 35
North Carolina.
432 13 445

153 13 1,041 1,207

1 North Dakota. 121 13 134

54

2 535
Ohio
1,174 22 1.196

3

16 514 33 3,014 3,577
Oklahoma.

443
6 449

1

348

8 1,739 2,095 Oregon

268 21 289

1
21 141

4 1,127 1,293
Pennsylvania

2,163
6 2,169

3
18 602 33 3,456 4,109

13 Rhode Island

164
164

2 40
3 276 321

1 • South Carolina.

202
2 204

90

3
South Dakota.

103
4 107

56

1

520 578
Tennessee.

285
288
23 201

3 1,255 1,482
Texas.
1,237 41 1,278

163
847

8 4,475 5,493
Utah

99

100

3
32 85

645
Vermont

69
69

30

2 255 287
Virginia

374
21 216

977

1,222 Washington

374

381

5
47

1,757 2,121
West Virginia

196
197

1 103

9 833 946
Wisconsin.

427
454
3 187

1,120

1,322
Wyoming

80
85
18 39

301

358
Alaska

170
172

1
113

84 199
Canada

1

50
2

85
Canal Zone

1 21

19 41
Hawaiian Islands.

40
40

62

3 181 247 Mexico!

2

5

7 Phillppine Islands2.

1

14

8 22
Puerto Rico.

23
23

10

31 41
Foreign, Miscellaneous
7

26 73

31 130

1 Total

22,025 498) 22,523 3161 1,5101 12,583 421 67,763 82,277 145 1 Figures for these countries are for aircraft and pilots registered by the United States. 2 Civil aircraft in the Philippine Islands are now registered with the local government. 3 Includes 54 certificated and 107 uncertificated gliders.

4 Includes 2,733 women pilots divided as follows: 154 commercial, 17 limited commercial, and 2,562 private.

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Domestic Aviation Gains in 1941 The 16 scheduled airline operators in the United started and 96.03 per cent of those started were States carried 3,423,454 passengers during the fiscal completed. The modernly equipped Federal Airways year ended June 30, 1941, as compared with System embraces a nation-wide network of 30,913 2,368,196 for the previous year. During the first miles, as compared with 29,745 on June 30, 1940, six months of 1941 the American-operated ma- and 2,000 miles in 1926. chines carried 460,974 more passengers than during There were (July 1, 1941) 2,277 airports and the corresponding period in 1940, and flew 12,283,- landing fields in the country, of which 1,035 were 198 more miles. During the fiscal year 121,083,634 municipal, 795 commercial, 282 Civil Aeronautics miles were flown.

Authority, 27 Naval, 74 Army and 64 in the miscelPlanes in operation (June 30, 1941) numbered laneous classification. There were no auxillary 365, furnishing employment to 17,221 persons-994 airports or fields. Of the total 690 were fully or pilots, 1,055 co-pilots, 4,354 mechanics and riggers, partially lighted. There are 56 airplane airports 2,070 other field personnel, 6,504 office personnel and seaplane bases designated as airports through 840 stewardesses and 115 stewards. 1,091 unclassi. which aircraft arriving in the United States from fed and 198 dispatchers. The domestic airlines foreign countries can clear customs and immigracarried 3,145,970 revenue passengers during the tion. fiscal year and revenue passenger miles was 1,174,- American-operated air transport routes (June 30, 835,023. Express carried was 15,097,150 pounds. 1941) embraced a mileage of 42,522 domestic, not

The domestic lines started 208,461' out of 219,580, including territorial and foreign. Air passengers scheduled trips and in addition few 9,587 extra paid an average of 5.03 cents per mile. The sections. Of the scheduled trips 95.15 per cent were average number carried per plane was about 10.75.

Airplane Landing Facilities in United States

Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1,
AIRPORTS AND LANDING FIELDS

SEAPLANE BASES AND ANCHORAGES

1941

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Aviation Safety Awards

Source: National Safety Council. The award is given annually to airlines operating Lines. Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines, the greatest number of passenger miles in re

Braniff Airways: Group C: Continental Air Lines, spective groups, without fatality to passenger.

Inland Air Lines. Group A, more than 100.000.000: Group B, between

1939--Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air 10,000,000 and 100,000,000; Group C, less than

Lines: Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines,

Northwest Airlines; Group C: Continental Air 10,000,000 passenger miles annually.

Lines. 1936–Group A: Eastern Air Lines; Group B: 1940_Group_A: American Airlines, Eastern Air Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania-Central Airlines. Lines; Group B: Northwest Airlines, Braniff Air

1937-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air ways: Group C: Inter-Island Airways. Special Lines; Group B: Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania- Trustees' Safety Award to American Airlines for Central Airlines.

operating more than one billion passenger miles 1938—Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air without fatality to passenger or crew.

Fatalities in Aviation by Years

Source: Civil Aeronautics Authority
Scheduled
Non-
Scheduled Non-

Scheduled Non-
Operation Scheduled
Operation Scheduled

Operation Scheduled Year (Domestic) Operation

Year (Domestic) Operation Year (Domestic) Operation Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality 1930 1,333,026 508,309

1934 2,409,141

500,677 1938

2,786,753 1,124,862
1,710,217
604,763 1935 3,692,024

847,556
1939

9,174,614 1.279, 627
2,400.334
587,810 1936 1,449,482

784,205 1940 3,108,584 2,146.341 1933 6,096,444 552,115 | 1937 1,651,788

921,396

1931 1932

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Progress of Aviation in the United States, 1935-1940

Source: U. 8. Civil Aeronautics Authority; figures are as of Dec. 31 each year

[graphic]

Scheduled Air-Carrier

Operations
Airplanes
In service and reserve:
Domestic
Foreign and territoriali
Total..

Av. no.seats per plane (dom.)!
Airways (dom, foreign, territ.)!
Services in operation
Express mileage
Mall mileage
Passenger mileage.
Total mileage:
Domestici
Foreign and territoriali

Total. Accidents: Domestic:1 Number of accidents. Mlles flown per accident. Fatal accidents Mlles flown per fatal accident. Fatal accid.per 1,000,000 mi.. Pilot fatalities Miles flown per pilot fatality. Copilot fatalities.. Crew fatal. (other pilot, copilot) Passenger fatalities. Pass, miles per pass. Iatality Ground crew, third party fatal Passenger fatalities per 100,000,000 pass. mlles flown.... Total fatalities... Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles. Foreign and territorial: Number of accidents Miles flown per accident. Fatal accidents. Miles flown per fatal accident Pilot fatalities. Mlles flown per pilot fatality Copilot fatalities Fatal acci. 1,000,000 miles Crew fatal. (other than pilot

copilot) Passenger fatalities.. Pass.-miles, per pass, fatal. Pass. lat. 100,000,000 pass.-mi. Ground-crew, third-party lat Total fatalities. Fatalitles per 1,000,000 miles. Domestio, foreign & territorial: Number of accidents, Mlles flown per accident. Fatal accidents. Mlles flown per fatal accident Fatal acci. per 100,000,000 mi Pilot fatalities.. Mlles flown per pilot fatality. Copilot fatalities. Crew fatal. (other than pilot, copilot). Passenger latalities. Pass.-miles per pass. fatality Passenger fatal. per 100.000,

000 passenger-miles flown. Ground-crew, third-party fat.

Total fatalities
Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles

flown.....
Express and freight-carried:

Pounds (domestic)...
Pounds (foreign & territorial)i
Total....

Ton-miles (domestic)
Fuel (cons.) (domestic, foreign,
and territorial):
Gasoline, gallons..

on, gallons. Mall: Carried by contractors:

Pounds. (domestic).

1935
1936
1937
1938
1939

1940 Pounds (foreign).

252,244 328,295 426,261 484,712 675,4221 Total.

13,520,974 18,034,454 Ton-miles (domestic)... 4,132,708 5,741,436 6,698,230 7,422,860 8,584,891 *10.057.000 Miles flown (revenue):

Daily av. (dom., forelg., ter.) 174,084 201,017 210,948 222.077 249,249 *326,550
Mall (dom., foreign ter.)i 39,977,189 44,027.794 46,896,584 54,659,684 61,111,831
Domestic routesl..

55,380,353 63,777,226 66,071,507 69,668,827 82,571,523 108.800,436 Foreign routesi.

8,487,345 9,834,544, 11.331.858 11,389,300 28,404,540 210,716,827 Total..

63,867,698 73,611,770 77,403,365 81.058,127 90,976,063 119,517,263 Operators (number of): Domestici

23
21
17
18
17

16 Foreign and territoriali

7


7
8
8

8 Total..

527
525
521
523
522

522 Passenger-miles flown (1 pas

enger carried 1 mile): Domesticl revenue

279,375,902 388,242,120 407,295,893 476,402,280 677.672.955 1,041,173,558 Domestic, rev. and non-rev: 313,905,508 435,740,253 476,603,165 557,719,268 749,787,096 1,147,444,948 Foreign, territ., 'rev., nonrev.. 48,465,412 58,543,618 76,045,424 77.836,916 785,031,146 $117,719,111 Total.

362,370,920 494,283,871 552,648,589 635,556,184 834,818,242 1,265,164,059 Passengers carried: Domestic,' revenue.

663,261 911,148 958,510 1,176.858 1,717,090 2,727,820 Domestic, rev. and nonrev.. 746,946 1,020,931 1,102,707 1,343,427 1.876,051 2,959,480 Foreign, terri.,' rev., nonrev.. 127,170 145,112 187,028 192,684 2168,970 $225.798 Total..

874,116 1,166,043 1,289,735 1,536,111 2,045,021 3,185,278 Passenger seat-miles flown (domestic)

572,546,530 680,708,230 828,188,184 949,421,755 1,207,869,577 1,797.329,431 Passenger load factor: Domestici revenue (per cent). 48.80 57,04 49.18 50.18 56,10

57.93 Domestic rev., nonrev. (pct.)

54.83
64.01
57.55
58.74
62.081

63.84 Pass. fare (av. per mi) (dom.)

$0.057 $0.057 $0.056 $0.057 $0.051 $0.0506 Pay rate of: Mech., av, month (dom.)!...

$149 Pilots, av. month (dom.). $541

$678 Copilots, av, month (dom.)i. $206

$237 Personnel employed (domes

tic, foreign, and territorial)
Mechanics and ground crew.
2,618 2,874 3,280 3,415 4,006

5,409 Pilots.

658
694
755
820
8361

1,046 Copilots

339
547
602
6051
872

1.232 Stewards and Stewardesses,.

212
390
420
451
639)

1,040 Other hangar & field personnel

1,518 1,767

2,356
2,635
3.015

4,249 Operation & office personnel.

3.008
3,723 4,179 5,383 6.555

9,080 Total.. 8,351 9,995 11,592 13,309 15,923

22,056 Trips : Percentage completed of those started (domestic)'....

91.49 95.60
95.41 95.37 95,30

96.02 Percentage started of those scheduled (domestic)! 95.88 94.22 93.82 94.88 97.16

94.85 Percentage completed of those scheduled (domestic).

87.73
90.08
89.51 90.48 92.59

91.07 Pass., av. Igth. (miles) (dom.)

420
427
432
415
400

388 Private Flying Operations

(All domestic) Airplanes in operation (certincated and uncertificated)..., 8,613 8,849 10,446 10.718 12,274

16.903 Accidents: Nunber of accidents.

1,517
1,698
1.917
1.882
2,175

3,446 Miles flown per accident. 55,871 54,959 53,832 68,735 81,778

76.610 Number of fatal accidents.

164
159
185
172
194

208 Miles flown per fatal accident

516.803 586,921 557,818 752,088 916,846 1,269,231 Pilot fatalities

134
130
152

161

183 Copilot or student fatalities.

19
15
16
15
7

18 Passenger fatalities.

1001
119
112
115
139

123 Aircraft crew fatal. (other than pilot, co-pilot, or student)

4
6
2
1

1
5.
2

1 Ground crew, third-party fatal.

3
3

2 Total fatalities.

2621
272
283
275
314

327 Miles town per pilot fatalsty

632,505 717,849 678.923 917,440 1.104.771 1,442,623 Miles flown per pass. fatal..

847,556 784,205 921,396 1,124,862 1,279.627 2,146.341 Fuel (consurned): Gasoline, gallons..

11,104,259 10,451,496 10,618,240 10,201,053 16,394,335 22,400,000 Oil, gallons..

334,420 316,502 310,851 287.875 460,189 660.000 Miles flown..

84,755,630 93,320,375 103,196,355 129,359,095 177,868,157 264,000,000 Passengers carried : For hire

1,014,957 1,215,405 1,295,904 1,238.133 1,161,292 1,175,000 Not for hire.

272,418 250,653 284,508 337,018) 432,794 425,000 Total

1,287,375 1,466,058 1,580,412 1,575,151 1,594,086 1,600.000
Airports and Landing Fields
Airports:
Commercial and private.

552
525
492
528
456)

496 Municipal..

739
738
764
7911
6431

788

141

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