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SEAPLANES (Continued) Oct. 23, 1934. (United States)-Speed 395,439 km. p, h. (245.713 m. p. h.)-Lieut. James H. Doolittle, U. S. A. S., Oct. 27, 1925.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)-Speed 403.424 km. p. h. (250.676 m. p. h.) -M. Stoppani and G. Gorini, Italy, March 30, 1938. (United States)-Speed 266.608 km. p. h. (165.040 m. p. h.)-Maj. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, Aug. 24, 1935.

AMPHIBIANS (Class C3) Distance, Airline (International)--2,300.860 kilometers (1,429.685 miles)--Maj. Gen. F. M. Andrews and crew, U.S., from San Juan,

Porto Rico, to Langley Field, Va., June 29, 1936. (United States)-same. Altitude (International)-7,605 meters (24,850.712 feet)-Boris Sergievsky, U. S., Stratford, Conn.. April 14, 1936. (United States)-same.

Maximum speed (International)--Speed 370.814 km. p. h. (230.413 m. p. h.)--A. P. de Seversky, U. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 15 1935. (United States) same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles) (International)-speed 337.079 km. p. h. (209.451 m. p. h.) A, P. de Seversky, U. S., Miami, Fla., Dec. 19, 1936. (United States)---same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)-speed 299.461 km. p. h. (186.076 m. p.h.) -Capt. W. P. Sloan and Capt. B. L. Boatner, U. S. A., A C., United States, Dayton, O., July 31, 1939. (United States)--same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (First category, solo) Los Angeles to New York (International)-Speed, 526.500 km. p. h (327.151 m. p. h) Howard R. Hughes, U. S., Jan. 19, 1937. Elapsed time: 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 sec. (United States) same.

London to Capetown, Africa (International)--Speed 244.876 km. p. h. (152.159 m. p. h.)-A. Henshaw, Great Britain, Feb. 5-6, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 25 mins.

Capetown, Africa,' to London (International)-Speed 243.745 km. p. h. (151.456 m. p. h.)--A Henshaw, Great Britain, Feb. 7-9, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 36 mins..

Havana to Washington, D. c. (International)--Speed 376.512 km. p. h. (233.953 m. p. h.)--Col. A. P. de Seversky, U. S., Dec. 17, 1937, Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 50 mins., 59 secs. (United States s-same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (Second category). Los Angeles to New York (International)--Speed 427.093 km. p. h. (265.383 m. p. h.)--Major S. M. Umstead and Capt. L. F. Harman, U. S. A., A, C., Aug 1, 1939. Elapsed time: 9 hrs., 14 mins., 30 secs. (United States)-same.

New York to London (International)- Speed 272.345 km. p. h. (169,227 m. p. h.)---Henry T. Merriu and John S. Lambe, U.S., May 9-10, 1937. Elapsed time: 20 hrs., 29 mins., 45 secs. (United States)-same.

NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS West to East-Howard R. Hughes, from Burbank, Cal. to Newark, N. J., Jan. 19, 1937. Distance. 2,445 miles; elapsed time, 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 secs.; average speed,

327.151 m. p. h. East to West-A. P. de Seversky, from Brooklyn to Burbank, Cal., Aug. 29, 1938. Distance, 2,457 miles; elapsed time, 10 hrs., 2 mins., 55.7 secs.; average speed, 244.507 m. p. h. New York to Miami-Jacqueline Cochran, Dec. 3, 1937. Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 12 mins,, 27.2 secs.

Miami, Fla. to New York-Howard R. Hughes, April 21. 1936. Distance, 1,087 miles; elapsed time, 4 hrs., 21 mins., 32 secs.; average speed, 249.375 m.p.h.

Chicago to Los Angeles-Howard R. Hughes, May 14, 1936. Elapsed time; 8 hrs., 10 mins., 29.8 secs.
New York to Havana-A. P. de Seversky, Dec. 3. 1937. Elapsed time: 5 hrs., 3 mins., 5.4 secs.
New York to Washington, D. C.-A. P. de Seversky, May 19, 1938. Elapsed time: 58 mins., 38 secs.

FEMININE RECORDS (AIRPLANES-Class C)
Distance, Airline (International)-5,908.610 kilometers (3,671.432 miles ) -V. Grisodoubova and P.
Ossipenko, U. S. S. R., Sept. 24-25, 1938. (United States) --3,939.245 kilometers (2,447.728 miles) -
Amelia Earhart, from Los Angeles, Calif., to Newark, N, J., Aug, 24-25, 1932,

Altitude (International)---14,310 meters (46,948.725 feet)--Mrs. Maryse Hilz, France, June 23, 1936. (United States)--9,160 meters (30,052.430 feet) Jacqueline Cochran, Palm Springs, Calif., March 24, 1939.

Speed, maximum (International)-Speed 470.365 km. p. h. (292.271 m.p.h.) Jacqueline Cochran, V. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 21, 1937. (United States), same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (International)--Speed 470.896 km. p. h. (292.600 m. p. h.)-Jacqueline Cochran, United States. Acomita, N, M., April 20, 1940. (United States)---same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 mlies) (International) - Speed 492.341 km. p. h. (305.926 m. p. h.), Jacqueline Cochran, Burbank-San Francisco-Burbank, Calif., course. Sept. 15, 1939. (United States) -- same.

Speed for 2,000 kilometers (1,242.739 miles) (International)-Speed 533.847 km. p. h. (331.716 m. p. h), Jacqueline Cochran, Mt. Wilson-Mesa Giganta, N. M.-Mount Wilson, Calif., course, April 6, 1940. (United States) - same.

FEMININE NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS West to East-Jacqueline Cochran, from Burbank, Cal., to Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1938. Elapsed time, 10 hrs., 27 mins., 55 secs. Speed, 234.776 m.p.h.

East to West-Louise Thaden and Blanche Noyes, from Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, N. Y., to
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 4, 1936. Elapsed time, 14 hrs., 55 mins., 1 sec.
Los Angeles to Mexico City-Arnelia Earhart, April 19-20, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs., 33 mins.

Mexico City to Washington, D, C.-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs. I
min., 51 sec.
Mexico City to New York-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 14 hrs., 19 mins.

GLIDERS Distance, Airline (International)---749.203 kilometers (465.532 miles)-0. Klepikova, U. S. 8. R., from Moscow to Otradnole, region of Stalingrad, July 6, 1939. (United States)-- 423.258 kilometers (263.000 miles)-Woodbridge P. Brown, from Wichita Falls, Tex., to Wichita, Kans., June 6. 1939.

Distance with return to point of departure (International)-Boris Kimelman, U. S. S. R., July 23, 1939), 342.370 kilometers (212.738 miles). *

Duration with return to point of departure (International) -36 hrs., 35 mins., Kurt Schmidt, Ger. many, Aug. 3-4, 1933. (United States)--21 hrs., 34 mins., Lieut. William A. Cocke, Jr., Hawaii, Dec. 17-18, 1931.

Altitude above Starting Point (International) -6.838 meters (22,434.338 feet)-Erwin Ziller, Germany, Nov. 21, 1938. (United States)-5,262 meters (17,263.743 feet)---Robert M. Stanley, Elmira, N. Y., July 4, 1939.

HELICOPTERS Duration, closed circuit (International)-1

hr., 20 mins., 49 secs.-Ewald Rohlfs, Germany, June 25. 1937.

Distance, airline (International)-230.248 kilometers (143.069 miles)--Karl Bode, Germany, June 20, 1938.

FREE BALLOONS (Eighth category, 4001 meters or more) Duration (International)-87 hours. H. Kaulen, Germany, Dec. 13 to 17, 1913. (United States)-51 hours, Lieut. Commdr. T. G. W. Settle and Lieut. Charles H. Kendall, Gordon-Bennett Balloon Race. Chicago, Sept. 2, 3, 4, 1933.

Distance (International)-3,052.7 kilometers (1.896.856 miles), Berliner, Germany, Feb. 8, 9, 10, 1914. (United States)-1,887.6 kilometers (1,172.898 miles), A. R. Hawley, St. Louis, Mo., to Lake Tschoto: gama, Canada, Oct. 17, 1910.

Altitude (International)-22,066 meters (72,394.795 feet)--Capt. Orvil Anderson and Capt. Albert Stevens, United States, take-off approximately 11 miles southwest of Rapid City, S. D., landing approximately 12 miles south of White Lake, S. D., Nov. 11, 1935.

*Indicates no United States record has been established.

Aircraft, Gliders, Pilots and Glider Pilots in U. S.

Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1, 1941

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Alabama..

152
1 153

134

798 935 Arizona..

130
1 131

70

517 588 Arkansas.

171
175

98

824 924 California, 2,174 88 2,262

178 1,885 45

7.857 9,965 18 Colorado.

220
4 224

1
24
126
1,109 1,260

1 Connecticut.

244
1 245

2
2 131

583 721

3 Delaware.

123
123

30

4 177 211 District of Columbia.

258
3 261

134

3 522 667 Florida

499
1 500

108 422

5 1.324 1.859 Georgia

326

330
3 65 244

1,013 1,325 Idaho..

103
103

60

665 727 Illinois.

1.221

9 1,230 17 204 571 25 3,038 3,838 Indiana.

622 24 646

4

3

267 19 1,682 1,971 Iowa.

468
8 476

1
5 209

9 1.659 1,882 Kansas

469 24

1
1 201

3 1,814 2,019
Kentucky
157 10 167

1
68

1
438

508 Louisiana

252
1 253

13 147

6 1,073 1,239 Maine.

174
2 176

1

S
360

451 Maryland

308
8 316

1
3 124

8 764 899 Massachusetts,

503
4 507

7
30 318 15 1.592 1,955

3 Michigan 895 20 915

30 357 18 2,755 3,160 27 Minnesota

512 39 551

2

53 261 15 1,435 1,764 Mississippi

143
5 148

89

574 663 Missouri

602
14 616

99 475

3
2,103 2,680

3 Montana, 155 12 167

77

640 719 Nebraska

192
10 202

1

118

5 988 1,111 Nevada

66

1
67

25

213 238 New Hampshire.

80
81

42

297 344 New Jersey

625
7 632
22 338 12 1,590 1,962

9 New Mexico

120
2 122

47

2
479

529
New York
1,610 14 1,624 17

1.069

38
4,400 5,765

35 North Carolina 432 13 445

153

13 1,041 1,207 North Dakota

121
13 134

54

2 535 591 Ohio

1,174

22
1,196
3 16
514 33
3,014 3,577

7 Oklahoma

443
6 449

1

348

8 1,739 2,095 Oregon 208 21 289

21 141

1,127 1,293 Pennsylvania,

2,163
6 2,169
3 18 602 33

3,456

4,109 13 Rhode Island

164
164

2
40

3 276 321 South Carolina

202
2 204

90

3 768 861 South Dakota

103
107

1
56

1
520

578 Tennessee.

285
3 288

23 201

3 1,255 1,482 Texas.. 1,237 41 1.278

163 847

8 4,475 5,493 Utah.

99
1 100
3 32 85

1 845 763 Vermont.

69
69

2 255 287 Virginia

372
374
21 216

8 977 1,222 Washington

374

391
5 47 313

4 1,757 2,121 West Virginia

196
197

1 103

9 833 946 Wisconsin 427 27 454

3 187 12 1,120 1,322 Wyoming

80
85
18 39

301 358 Alaska,

170
172

1
113
1

199 Canada!

1
1
6 50

2
27

85 Canal Zone

1 21

19 41 Hawaiian Islands,

40
40

62

181

247 Mexico

2

5

7 Philippine Islands

8. 22 Puerto Rico

23
23

10

31 41 Foreign, Miscellaneous! 7

26 73

31 130 Total...

22,025 498) 22,523 3161 1,510 12,583 421 67,763 82,277 145 1 Figures for these countries are for aircraft and pilots registered by the United States. : Civil aircraft in the Philippine Islands are now registered with the local government. 3 Includes 54 certificated and 107 uncertificated gliders.

* Includes 2,733 women pilots divided as follows: 154 commercial, 17 limited commercial, and 2,562 private.

Domestic Aviation Gains in 1941 The 16 scheduled airline operators in the United started and 96.03 per cent of those started were States carried 3,423,454 passengers during the fiscal completed. The modernly equipped Federal Airways year ended June 30, 1941, as compared with System embraces a nation-wide network of 30,913 2,368, 196 for the previous year. During the first miles, as compared with 29,745 on June 30, 1940, six months of 1941 the American-operated ma- and 2,000 miles in 1926. chines carried

460,974 more passengers then during There were (July 1, 1941) 2,277 airports and the corresponding period in 1940, and flew 12,283,- landing fields in the country, of which 1,035 were 198 more miles. During the fiscal year 121,083,634 municipal, 795, commercial, 282 Civil Aeronautics miles were flown.

Authority, 27 Naval, 74 Army and 64 in the miscelPlanes in operation (June 30, 1941) numbered laneous classification. There were no auxiliary 365, furnishing employment to 17,221 persons-994 airports or fields. Of the total 690 were fully or pllots, 1,055 co-pilots, 4.354 mechanics and riggers, partially lighted. There are 56 airplane airports 2,070 'other field personnel, 6,504 office personnel and seaplane bases designated as airports through 840 stewardesses and 115 stewards, 1,091 unclassi- which aircraft arriving in the United States from fed and 198 dispatchers. The domestic airlines foreign countries can clear customs and immigracarried 3,145,970 revenue passengers during the tion. fiscal year and revenue passenger miles was 1,174,- American-operated air transport routes (June 30. 835,023. Express carried was 15,097,150 pounds. 1941) embraced a mileage of 42,522 domestic, not

The domestic lines started 208.461' out of 219,580, including territorial and foreign. Air passengers scheduled trips and in addition flew 9.587 extra paid an average of 5.03 cents per mile. The sections of the scheduled trips 95.15 per cent were average number carried per plane was about 10.75.

Airplane Landing Facilities in United States

Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1, 1941
AIRPORTS AND LANDING FIELDS

SEAPLANE BASES AND ANCHORAGES

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Aviation Safety Awards

Source: National Safety Council. The award is given annually to airlines operating Lines: Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines, the greatest number of passenger miles in re

Branit Airways: Group C: Continental Air Lines,

Inland Air Lines. spective groups, without fatality to passenger. Group A, more than 100.000.000; Group B, between Lines: Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines,

1939-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air 10,000,000 and 100,000,000; Group C, less than

Northwest Airlines; Group C: Continental Air 10,000,000 passenger miles annually.

Lines. 1936-Group A: Eastern Air Lines: Group B: 1940-Group A: American Airlines. Eastern Air Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania-Central Airlines. Lines; Group B: Northwest Airlines, Braniff Air

1937-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air ways: Group C: Inter-Island Airways. Special Lines; Group B: Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania- Trustees' Safety Award to American Airlines for Central Airlines.

operating more than one billion passenger miles 1938-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air without fatality to passenger or crew.

Fatalities in Aviation by Years

Scheduled

NonOperation Scheduled Year (Domestic) Operation Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality 1930 1.333,026

508,309 1931 1,710.217

604,763 1932 2.400.334

587,810 1933 6.096.444

552,115

Source: Civil Aeronautics Authority
Scheduled
Non-

Scheduled

NonOperation Scheduled

Operation Scheduled Year (Domestic) Operation Year (Domestic) Operation Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality 1934 2.409,141

500,677 1938 2,786,753 1,124,862 1935 3,692,024

847,556 1939 9,174,614 1,279,627 1936 1.449, 482

784,205 1940 3,108,584 2,146,341 1937 1,651,788

921,396

1

Progress of Aviation in the United States, 1935-1940

Source: U. S. Civil Aeronautics Authority; figures are as of Dec. 31 each year

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Scheduled Air-Carrier

Operations
Airplanes
In service and reserve:
Domestic
Foreign and territoriali
Total...

Av. no.seats per plane (dom.)!
Alrways (dom, foreign, territ.)!
Services in operation
Express mileage
Mall mileage
Passenger mileage.
Total mileage:

Domestie!
Foreign and territoriali

Total...
Accidents:
Domestic:
Number of accidents
Mlles flown per accident
Fatal accidents
Mlles down per fatal accident.
Fatal accid.per 1,000,000 mi..
Pilot fatalitles..
Miles flown per pilot fatallty.
Copilot fatalities.
Crewfatal. (other pilot, copilot)
Passenger fatallties.
Pass, miles per pass, fatality
Ground crew, thlrd party fatal
Passenger fatalities per 100,-
000,000 pass, miles town....
Total fatalities.
Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles.
Foreign and territorial:
Number of accidents
Miles flown per accident.
Fatal accidents,
Mlles flown per fatal accident
Pilot fatalities...
Mlles flown per pllot fatality
Copilot fatalities.
Fatal acci. 1,000,000 miles
Crew fatal. (other than pllot

copilot).
Passenger fatalities.
Pass.-miles, per pass. fatal.
Pass. fat. 100,000,000 pass.-mi.
Ground-crew, third-party lat.
Total fatalities.

Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles.
Domestic, foreign & territorial:
Number of accidents,
Miles flown per accident.
Fatal accidents.
Mlles flown per fatal accident
Fatal accl. per 100,000,000 mi
Pilot fatalities..
Mlles flown per pilot latality.
Copilot fatalities..
Crew fatal. (other than pilot,

eopllot)
Passenger fatalities.
Pass.-miles per pass. fatality
Passenger fatal. per 100.000,-
000 passenger-mnlles flown
Ground-crew, third-party fat,

Total fatalities.
Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles

flow....
Express and freight-carried:
Pounds (domestic).
Pounds (foreign & territorial)

Total.
Ton-mlles (domestic).
Fuel (cons.) (domestic, foreign,
and territorial):
Gasoline, gallons...

Oil, gallons
Mail:
Carried by contractors:
Pound83. (domestic).

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1935
1936
1937
1938
1939

1940 Pounds (foreign).

252.244 328,295 426,261 484,712 675,422 Total

13,520,974 18,034,454 Ton-miles: (domestic)...... 4,132,708 5,741,436 6,698,230 7,422,860 8,584,891 *10.057,000 Miles flown (revenue):

Daily av. (dom., foreig., ter.) 174,084 201,017 210,948 222,077 249,249 326,550 Mall (dom., foreign ter.)

39,977,189 44.027,794 46,896,584 54,659,684 61,111,831 Domestic routesi.

55.380.353 63,777,226 66,071.507 69,668,827 82,571,523 108,800, 436 Foreign routes.

8,487,345 9,834,544 11,331,858 11.389,300 28,404,640 210,716,827 Total..

63,867,698 73,611,770 77,403,365 81,058,127 90,976,063 119,517,263 Operators (number on): Domestici

23
21
17
18
171

16 Foreign and territoriali,

7
7
7
8
8

8 Total.

527
525
521
523
522

522 Passenger-miles flown (1 pas

enger carried 1 mile): Domestic! revenue

279,376,902 388.242,120 407,295,893 476,402,280 677,672.955 1,041,173,558 Domestici rev. and non-rev, 1313,905,508 435.740.253 476,603,165 557.719,268 749,787,096 1.147,444,948 Foreign, territ., 'rev., nonrev., 48,465,412 58,543,618 76,045,424 77.836,916 285,031,146 2117,719,111 Total....

362,370,920 494,283,871 552,648,589 635,556,184 834,818,242 1,265,164,059 Passengers carried : Domestic, revenue.

663,261 911,148 958,510 1,176.858 1,717,090 2.727,820 Domestic, rev. and nonrev.. 746,946 1,020.931 1,102,707 1,343,427 1,876,051 2,959,480 Foreign, terri.,' rev., Donrev..

127,170 145,112 187,028 192,684 2168.970 2225,798 Total

874,116 1,166,043 1,289,735 1,536,111 2,045,021 3,185,278 Passenger seat-miles flown (domestic)'..

572,546,530 680,708,230 828,188,184 949,421.755 1,207,869,577 1,797,329,431 Passenger load factor: Domestic revenue (per cent). 48.80

57,04
49.18
50.18
56,10

57.93 Domestici rev., nonrev. (pct.) 54.83

64.01
57.55
58.74
62.08

63.84
Pass. fare (av. per ml.) (dom.) $0.057 $0.057 $0.056 $0.057 $0.051 $0.0506
Pay rate of :
Mech, av, month (dom.)'...

$149 Pilots, av, month (dom.). $541

$678 Copilots, av, month (dom.). $206

$237 Personnel employed (domes

tic, foreign, and territorial),
Mechanics and ground crew..
2,618 2,874 3,280 3,415 4,006

5,409 Pilots..

656
694
755
820
836

1,046 Copilots.

339
547
602
605
872

1,232 Stewards and Stewardesses,

212
390
420
451
639

1.040 Other hangar & field personnel

1.518
1,767
2,356
2.635 3.015

4,249 Operation & once personnel, 3,008 3,723 4,179 5,383 6,555

9,080 Total.

8,351 9,995 11,592 13,309 15,923 22,056

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Trips:

Percentage completed of those started (domestie) Percentage started of those scheduled (domestic). Percentage completed of those

scheduled (domestic)'. Pass., av. Igth. (miles) (dom.) Private Flying Operations

(All domestic) Airplanes in operation (certin

cated and uncertificated).. Accidents:

Number of accidents
Miles flown per accident
Number of fatal accidents,
Mlles flown per fatal accident
Pilot fatalities. . .
Copilot or student fatalities.
Passenger fatalities.
Aircraft crew fatal. (other than
pilot, co-pilot. or student)
Ground crew, third-party fatal.
Total fatalities
Miles flown per pilot fatality

Miles flown per pass. fatal..
Fuel (consumed):

Gasoline, gallons..
Oil, gallons.

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4
6
1

1
5
2
1
31

2 262 272 283 275 314

327 632.505 717.849 678,923 917,440 1,104,771 1,442,623

847,656 784,205 921,396 1,124,862 1,279,627 2,146,341 11,104,259 10.451,496 10,618,240 10,201.053 16,394,335 22,400,000

334,420 316.502 310,851 287,875 460,189 660,000 84,755,630 93,320,375 103,196,355 129,359,095 177,868,157 264,000,000

Mlles flown.

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