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[graphic]

Country

Continent Government or or State

Ruling Power Eritrea

Africa

Italy Estonia

Europe

U.S.S.R. Ethiopia (Abyssinia).. Africa

Italy Faroe Isles

Europe

Denmark
Falkland Isles & South
Georgia

So. America... British Empire.. Fiji Islands.

Oceanía British Empire. Finland..

Europe

Republic. Formosa (Taiwan) Asia

Japan France

Europe

Republic French Equat. Africa. .. Africa,

France French India...

Asia.

France. French Indo-China. Asia.

France.
French West Africa, Africa.

France.
Friendly Islands, (see Tonga)
Gabun.

Africa

France. Gambia

Africa

British Empire. Georgia

Europe

U.S.S.R. Germany

Europe

Republic.. Gibraltar

Europe British Empire. God.

Asia.

Portugal Gold Coast.

Africa

British Empire. Greece

Europe

Republic Greenland

No. America.. Denmark. Guadeloupe

West Indies... France Guatemala

Cent. Amer... Republic.
Guiana, British

So. America... British Empire.
Netherland.. So. America. . Netherlands.
French

So. America... France.
Guinea, French

Africa

France
Portuguese Africa

Portugal
Spanish
Africa.

Spain.
Hamburg

Europe

Germany. Haiti.

West Indies. Republic Hejaz.

Asia..

Kingdom
Hesse

Europe. Germany.
Holland (see Netherlands)
Honduras

Cent. Amer... Republic
Honduras, British. Cent. Amer.. British Empire.
Hong Kong & Territory Asia.

British Empire. Hungary

Europe Kingdom Hyderabad

Asia

Seml-Indep'd't. Iceland.

No. Atlantic.. Kingdom.. India

Asia.

British Empire. (British)

Asia

British Empire. (Native States) Asia.

British Empire. Indo-China

Asia

France. Iran (Persia)

Asia

Kingdom Iraq (Mesopotamia). Asia.

Kingdom Ireland

Europe

British Empire. Ireland, North. (Ulster) Europe. British Empire. Isle of Man...

Europe

British Empire. Italy

Europe

Kingdom.. Italian East Africa (see Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somaliland) Ivory Coast..

Africa

France. Jamaica

West Indies. British Empire. Japan (Proper)

Asia.

Einpire. Japanese Empire. Asia..

Empire Java and Madura Asia

Netherlands Johore.

Asia

British Empire. Kashmir (India).

Asia.

Semi-Indep'd't.. Kazakh.

Asia

U.S.S.R. Kenya and Prot.

Africa

British Empire. Kirghiz.

Asia.

U.S.S.R. Korea.

Asia.

Japanese Kuwait.

Asia

Sultanate Kwang Chau Wan Asla.

French Lease Kwantung

Asia.

Japanese Lease.. brador

No. America. British Empire.. Laos.

Asia

French Protect. Latvia

Europe

U.S.S.R... Lebanon

Beirut. Leeward Islands

West Indies.. British Empire. Liberia...

Africa.

Republic. Libya.

Africa

Italy Liechtenstein

Europe

Principality Lippe,

Europe

Germany Lithuania

Europe

U.S.S.R.. Lubeck

Europe

Germany Luxemburg

Europe

Grand Duchy Масао.

Asia

Portugal Madagascar

Africa

France Madeira

Africa

Portugal Madras (India)

Asla.

Seml-Indep'd't. Malay States, Fed. Asia.

British Empire. Malay States, Unted. Asia.

British Protect.. Malta..

Europe British Empire. Manchukuo

Asia

Semi-Independ't. Manitoba

No. America.. British Empire.. Martinique,

West Indies... France... Mauritania

Africa.

France Mauritius

Africa.

British Empire. Mechlenburg

Europe Germany. Memel

Europe.

Germany.
Mesopotamia (see Iraq)
Mexico

No. America. . Republic.
Middle Congo..

Africa

France. Miquelon

No. America.. France.

Area,
Square Popula- Capital or Chief
Miles
tion

City
15,754 600,573 Asmara
18.353 1,134,000 Tallinn (Reval)
350.000 10,000,000 Addis Ababa

540 25,744 Thornshawn
5,618

3,908 Stanley 7,083

210,518 Suva 131,588 3,863,753 Helsinki

13,880 5,212,426 Taihoku 212,659

39,302,511 Paris, Vichy, (War) 959, 256 3,418.06/ Brazzaville

196 300.359 Pondicherry 260,034 22,583,000 Hanoi 1.815.768

14,945,190 Dakar 93,218 408,516 Libreville

4,068 199,520 Bathurst 26.865 3.110.600 Tipis 225,528 79,375,281 Berlin

2 20,399 Gibraltar 1,537 601,000 New Goa 78,082 3.700.267 Accra 50,257 7,196,900 Athens 736,518 18,000 Godthaab 688

304,209 Pointe-à-Pitre
45,452 3,248,000 Guatemala
89,480 341,237 Georgetown
54,291 171,396 Paramaribo
65,041

37,005 Cayenne
96,866 2,065,527 Konakry
13,944 415,220 Bissau
10,036 140,000 Santa Isabel
288

1,682, 220 Hamburg
10,204 3,000,000 Port-au-Prince

ince 150,000 1,500,000 Mecca 2,969

1,469,909 Darmstadt 44,275 1,105,504 Tegucigalpa 8.598

58,759 Belize 391

1,050,256 Victoria 63,810 14,471,543 Budapest 82,698 14,436,148 Hyderabad

39,709 118,888 Reykjavik 1,808,679 352,837,778 Delhi 1,318,346 289,491,241 Delhi 490,333 63,346,537 281,174 23,853,429 Hanoi 628,000 15,055,115 Teheran 140.000 3.670.000 Bagdad 27,137 2,965,854 Dublin 5,238

1,279,745 Belfast 221

49,308 Douglas 119,800

45,330,441 Rome 184,174

3,981.459 Bingerville 4,450 1.173,645 Kingston 148,756 72.875,800 Tokio 260,644 105, 226,101 Tokio 51,032 41,718,364 Batavia

7.500 613,500 Johore Bahru

84,516 3,646, 243 Srinagar 1,047,797 6.796,600 Alma-Ata 224,960 3,500,352 Nairobi 75,926 1,302,100 Frunze 85,246 22,633,587 Seoul (Keljo) 1,950

50,000 Kuwait 325 220,000 Kwangchow 1.438 1,656,726 Dairen 110,000

4,716 84,457

1,011.695 Plabang 25,402 1,950,502 Riga 3,600 592,812 Beirut 727

93,130 Antigua 45.000 1.500.000 Monrovia 679,358 888,401 Tripoli, Benghazi 65

12,000 Vaduz 469

188,598 Detmold
20,390 2,910,000 Vina

115 136,413 Lubeck
999

301.000 Luxemburg 6 200,000 Macao 241,094 3,797,936 Tananarivo 314

211,601 Funchal 143,870 47.193.602 Madras 27,540 2,169,313 Perak 22,276 1,918,831 Johore

122 268,668 Valletta 503,013 36,949,972 Hsinking 246,512 700,139 Winnipeg

385 246,712 Fort de France 323,310 370.764 St. Louis

720 419,059 Port Louis 6,197 805,213 Schwerin

1,099 152,000 Memel 763,944 19,478,791 Mexico City 166,096 744,503 Brazzaville 83

520 St. Pierre

[graphic]

Moldavia.

Europe

U.S.S.R. Molucca Isles.

Asia.

Netherlands Monaco

Europe

Principality Mongolia

Asia

China.. Moravia

Europe

Germany Morocco (French) Africa

French Protect. Morocco (Spanish). Africa

Spanish Protect Morocco (Intern. Zone) Africa

Intern. Protect.. Mozambique

Africa

Portugal.. Mysore (India)

Asia.

Semi-Indep'd't. Natal

Africa

British Empire. Nejd The.

Asta

Kingdom Nepal

Asia

Kingdom Netherlands

Europe

Kingdom. Netherland Indies.

Asia

Netherlands, New Brunswick

No America.. British Empire. New Caledonia

Australasia France Newfoundland

NO. America.. British Empire. New Guinea, British. Oceania

British Mandate New Hebrides (Isl.).. Australasia. Fr & Brit. Prot.. New South Wales. Australia British Empire. New Zealand

Australasia. British Empire. Nicaragua.

Cent. Amer Republic Niger

Africa

France Nigeria

Africa

British Empire. Northern Ireland

Europe

British Empire. Northern Territory Australia British Empire. N. W. Territory

No. America.. British Empire. Norway.

Europe.

Kingdom Nova Scotia.

No. America. British Empire. Nyasaland Prot.

Africa.

British Empire. Oldenburg

Europe

Germany Oman

Asia

Kingdom Ontario..

No. America British Empire, Orange Free State Africa.

British Empire. Orkney Isles.

Europe

British Empire, Palestine..

Asia.

British Mandate Panama

So. America Republic Papua.

Oceania British Empire. Paraguay

So. America... Republic..
Persia (see Iran)
Peru...

So. America... Republic..
Poland (inc. Teschen) Europe

Republic Portugal

Europe

Republic Prince Edward Isl, No. America.. British Empire. Principe & St. Thomas Africa

Portugal Prussia

Europe Germany Punjab, India,

Asla

Semi-Indep'd't. Quebec

NO, America British Empire. Queensland.

Australia.. British Empire, Rajputana.

Asia

British Empire. Reunion

Indian Ocean. France. Rhodesia, Northern Africa

British Empire Rhodesia, Southern Africa.

British Empire Riau-Lingga Arch. Asia

Netherlands
Rumania

Europe. Kingdom..
Russia (see U.S.S.R.)
Russia (pre-war). Europe-Asia... Empire.
Saarland

Europe

Germany St. Helena

Africa

British Empire St. Pierre Islands No. America. France Sakhalin Island (SO) Asia

Japan Salvador

Cent. Amer Republic Samoa, Western

Oceania

British Mandate San Marino,

Europe . Republic Sarawak.

Asia

British Empire. Sardinia

Europe

Italy Saskatchewan

NO. America. British Empire. Saxony

Europe

Germany Schaumburg-Lippe. Europe

Germany Scotland

Europe

British Empire Senegal

Africa

France. Serbia (pre-war)

Europe

Yugo-Slavia, Seychelles Islands Africa

British Empire Shetland Isles

Europe

British Empire. Siam (see Thailand) Sicily

Europe

Italy Sierra Leone

Africa.

British Empire Sikkim (India).

Asia

Semi-Indep'd't. Slovakia.

Europe.

Republic Slovenia

Europe .

Yugo-Slavia Society Isles, etc.

Oceania

France. Solomon Islands, Brit Oceania

British Protect. Somaliland, British, Africa

British Empire.
French, Africa

France.
Italian. Africa

Italy
Soudan, Ang.-Egyptian. Africa,

British Empire. South Australia.

Australia British Empire. South West Africa.. Africa

British Mandate Spain

Europe Republic Spitzbergen

Europe

Norway Straite Settlements AS12.

British Empire. Sudan (French)

Africa

France Sudetenland

Europe

Germany Sumatra

Asla

Netherlands Swaziland..

Africa

British Empire Sweden

Europe

Kingdom.. Switzerland

Europe

Republic.

9,926 27,925

2,818 14.836 6,253

1.520 375,000 68,000

8,492 194,000 969.600 380,070 317,725 196,607 24,290

1.356 590,966

8.721 164,143

6.705 173,347 15,944)

4,000.078 Palermo 1,768,480 Freetown

109,808
2,450,096 Bratislava
1,055.464 Zagreb

39,970 Papeete
94,155
344.700 Berbera

44,240 Jibuti 1.300.000 Mogadisho 6,342,477 Khartout

597.045 Adelaide

314,194 Windhoek 26.000.000 Madrid

2,700 Longyearbyen 1.372,568 Singapore 3.365.073 Bamako 2,945,261 Reichenberg 7,677,826 Batavia

156,715 Mbabane 6,341,303 Stockholm 4,218,000 Berne

POPULATION, AREA OF FOREIGN COUNTRIES-Continued

Area,
Country

Continent Government or Square Popula- Capital or Chief
or State
Ruling Power Miles

tion

City Syria and the Lebanon Asia.

French Mandate.. 57,900 3,630.000 Belrut
Tadzhik

Asia.
U.S.S.R......

55,040 1.332,700 Stalinabad Tanganyika

Africa.

British Mandate. 360,000 5,270,484 Dar-es-Salaam Tangler

Africa.
Internationalized.

225 60,000 Tangier
Tasmania
Australasia. British Empire.

26,215 241,576 Hobart Thailand (Slam).

Asia.
Kingdom.

221,898 15,976,000 Bangkok Thuringia.

Europe
Germany

4,541 1,760,595 Weimar Thibet

Asia
China.

463,200 3,000,000 Lhasa Timor Arch

Asia.
Portugal

7,330 463,796 Dilly
Tobago
West Indies British Empire.

114

25,358 Port of Spain Togoland.

Africa.
French Mandate.

21,893 780,497 Lome Togoland

Africa.
British Mandate..

13,041 391,473 Lome
Tonga (Friendly) Isl
Oceania. British Protect...

256

33,785 Nukualota Tonkin

Asis.
French Protect..

40,530 8,970,464 Hanoi Trans jordan.

Asia.
Palestine.

37, 470 300,000 Amman Transvaal

Africa.
British Empire.

110,450 3,535.100 Pretoria
Trinidad
West Indies. British Empire.

1.862 473,455 Port au Spain Tunis...

Africa
France.

48,313 2,608,313 Tunis
Turkey
Europe-Asla. Republic.

294,416 17,869,901 Ankara Turkey (pre-war) Europe-Asia. Sultanate

710,224 21,273,900 Constantinople Turkoman

Asis..
U.S.S.R..

171.384 1,268,900 Ashkhabad Turks & Caicos Islands West Indies... British Empire..

166

5,300 Grand Turk, U.S.S.R...

Europe-Asia. Soviet Republic. 8,819,791 192,695,710 Moscow
Uganda Prot

Africa.
British.

93,381 3,790,689 Entebbe
Ulster (see Ireland, Northern)
Ukralne.
Europe. U.S.S.R.

170,998 31,901,400 Klev Union of So. Africa. Africa.. British Empire.

472,550 10,160,000 Pretoria United Kingdom. Europe. Kingdom.

94,279 46,213,169 London Uruguay So. America. Republic

72,153

545 Mo ideo Uzbek

Asia.
U.S.S.R.

66,392 5,044,300 Tashkent Vatican City, State of Europe.. Papal State.

1.6

1,025 Vatican City Venezuela So. America.. Republic..

352,170 3,491,159 Caracas Victoria. Australia. British Empire.

87,884 1,887,278 Melbourne Wales. Europe. British Empire.

8,012 2,593,014 Cardiff West Australia. Australia. British Empire.

975,920 465,916 Perth White Russia Europe.. U.S.S.R.

49,022 5,439, 400 Minsk Windward Islands West Indies... British Empire.

821 259,742 St. George's Wurttemberg.

Europe.
Germany..

7,532 2,907,166 Stuttgart Yemen

Asia...
Kingdom.

75,000 3.500,000 Sanaa Yugoslavia.

Europe.
Kingdom

95,558 16,200,000 Belgrade
Yukon.
No. America.. British Empire.

207,076

4,230 Dawson Zanzibar.

Africa..
British Empire.

1,020 235,428 Zanzibar The Berlin-Rome-Tokio Axis Germany, Japan and Italy signed in Berlin Article Four With the view to implementing the (Sept. 27, 1940) a ten-year military and economic

present pact, joint technical commissions, memtreaty-the Treaty of Berlin-by which they pooled bers which are to be appointed by the respective their totalitarian armaments and pledged to help governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, will one another against the United States if one of meet without delay. them becomes involved with America. The official Article Five-Germany, Italy and Japan affirm English translation of the treaty follows:

that the aforesaid terms do not in any way affect The governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, the political status which exists at present as beconsidering it as a condition precedent of any tween each of the three contracting parties and lasting peace that all nations of the world be given Soviet Russia. each its own proper place, have decided to stand Article Six-The present pact shall come into by and cooperate with one another in regard to effect immediately upon signature and shall remain their efforts in Greater East Asia and regions of in force ten years from the date of its coming into Europe respectively wherein It is their prime pur- force. At the proper time before expiration of said pose to establish and maintain a new order of term the high contracting parties shall at the rethings calculated to promote the mutual prosperity quest of any of them enter into negotiations for its and welfare of the peoples concerned.

renewal. Furthermore, it is the desire of the three govern- In faith whereof, the undersigned, duly authorments to extend cooperation to such nations in ized by their respective governments, have signed other spheres of the world as may be inclined to this pact and have affixed hereto their signatures. put fourth endeavors along lines similar to their Done in triplicate at Berlin, the 27th day of own, in order that their ultimate aspirations for September, 1940, In the eighteenth year of the world peace may thus be realized.

Fascist era, corresponding to the 27th day of the Accordingly, the governments of Germany, Italy | ninth month of the fifteenth year of Showa (the and Japan have agreed as follows:

reign of Emperor Hirohito). Article One-Japan recognizes and respects the Hungary joined the Axis (Nov. 20, 1940), Rumania leadership of Germany and Italy in establishment (Nov. 23) and Slovakia (Nov. 24). Bulgaria signed of a new order in Europe.

as a member (March 1, 1941). Yugoslavia attached Article Two-Germany and Italy recognize and its signature (March 25) with the provision that respect the leadership of Japan in the establish- Axis troops should not march through the country ment of a new order in Greater East Asia.

and that its sovereignty and territorial integrity Article Three-Germany, Italy and Japan agree should be respected. The regime that signed the to cooperate in their efforts on aforesaid lines. pact with the Axis was overthrown two days later They further undertake to assist one another with and the new Cabinet did not ratify the agreement. all political, economic and military means when the subjugation of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers one of the three contracting powers is attacked by followed. Croatia, carved from a part of vana power at present not involved in the European quished Yugoslavia, joined the Axis (June 15, war or in the Chinese-Japanese conflict.

1941) in a ceremony in Venice.

The Average Father of 32,000,000 in the U. S.

Statisticians of the Census Bureau picture the or non-emergency work. average of 32,000,000 fathers in the United States If he works in an industrial establishment his as follows:

yearly wage is about $1,100 or $1,200 a year. Age: 44.

It is 9 to 1 he is white and 3 to 2 he is a native The odds are 9 to 1 that he is a married man American whose parents were born here. living with his wife and has one to two children He spends about $1,200 a year for family purliving at home. The rest of the fathers are mostly chases in retail stores; he worries over à $480 widowers and a very small sprinkling of divorced annual tax bill. males.

About 2,250,000 fathers each year have the thrill The chances are 3 to 2 that he will live in a city of a childbirth

in the home, about 25,000 of which of 2.500 or more.

involve twins, 274 triplets and 2 quadruplets. The odds are 8 to 1 that he has a job in private One father in the United States has 27 children.

Population of Important Foreign Cities

Source: Latest census figures and latest official estimates
City Country Pop.

City
Country Pop. .

City Country Pop. Adelaide. Australia.. 322,990 Genoa Italy.

659,665 Odessa. Russia 604,223 Agra...

India. 229,764Glasgow Scotland.. 1,126,000 Oporto. Portugal 232,280 Ahmedabad India. 313,789 Gorky

Russia 644,116 Osaka, Gr'tr.Japan. 3.394,200 Alexandria.. Egypt. 682,101 Gothenburg, Sweden. 2 0,602 Oslo.

Norway 253,124 Alglers.. Algeria. 252,321 Graz

210,175 Palermo. Italy.

434,311 Altona. Germany.. 241,970 The Hague.. Holland 495,185' Para.

Brazil.

279,491 Amritsar.. India.

264,840 Hakodate... Japan. 226,500 Paris.. France 2,829,746 Amsterdam Holland 793,526 Halle.

Germany 220,364 Paris, G't'r.. France. 4,933.855 Amoy. China

234,159 Hamburg Germany.. 1,682.220 Pelping China. 1,556,364 Antwerp Belgium. 274,406 Hanchow China.. 506,930, Pernambuco Brazil. 472,764 Akershus.. Norway 236,939 Hankow China

777,993 Perth.. Australia 224,800 Athens. Greece 652,385 Hanover Germany. 472,527 Piraeus Greece

328,299 Auckland N. Zealand 221,500 Harbin.. Manch' k'o 330.436 Plymouth England. 210,460 Avellaneda. Argentina. 386,000 Havana, Cuba

568,913 Poona. India

233.885 Bagdad.. Irag

499,410 Helsinki.. Finland 293, 237 Porto Alegre Brazil. 321,628 Bahia... Brazil 363,726 Hiroshima.. Japan. 340.100 Portsmouth. England. . 256,200 Baku.

Russia. 809,347 Hong Kong.. China. 1,028,619 Poznan. Poland.. 268,800 Bangalore.. India. 306,470 Howrah. ... Indig

224,873 Prague. Cz'choslov 848,823 Bangkok Thailand. 931.170 Hsinking. Manch'k'o 360,294 Rangoon. Burma 400, 415 Barcelona... Spain. 1,399,000 Hull.... England... 319,400 Recite Brazil.

472,464 Batavia.... Java. 437.000 Hyderabad.. India.. 466,894 Riga.

Latvis 393,211 Bellast. Ireland. 438,112 Istanbul. Turkey. 789,346 Rio Janeiro, Brazil. 1,711,466 Belgrade.. Yugo-Slav. 405,000 Johan'sburg. U.of S. Afr. 257,671 Rome. Italy. 1.348,700 Benares. Indla

205,315 Kalyuan. Manch'k'o 317,520 Rosario. Argentina. 514,613 Berlin, Gr'tr Germany.. 4,332,242 Karachi. ... India

263,565 Rostov. Russia

520,700 Birmingham England... 1,029,700 Kassel Germany.. 217,085 Rotterdam.. Holland 612,372 Bochum. Germany 303, 208 Kazan Russia

258,700 Salford England. 201.800 Bogota. Colombia 330,312 Kharkov.. Russia

833,432 Saloniki. Greece..

236,524 Bologna Italy. 318,444 Kiel, Germany 272,311 Santiago. Chile

829,830 Bombay India 1,161,383 Kiev

Russia. 846,293, Sao Paulo. Brazil 1,151,249 Bordeaux France 258,348 Kobe

Japan. 1,006,100 Saratov.. Russia 327.500 Bradford. England. 289,510 Konigsberg. . Germany. 368,433 Sendal.

Japan

219,547 Bremen.. Germany. 342,113 Kure

Japan.
262,300, Seoul

Korea.

706,396 Breslau. Germany.. 615,006 Kyoto. Japan. 1,177.200 Sevilla. Spain

238,727 Brisbane Australia.. 326,000 Labore. India

429,747 Shanghai. China. 3,489.998 Bristol. England.. 415,100 La Paz. Bolivia

250.000 Sheffield England... 518, 200 Brno. Cz'choslov 264,925 La Plata.. Argentina, 268,000 Shizuoka. Japan. ..

200,737 Brunswick.. Germany..

201,306 Leeds.

England 491.880 Singapore.. Straits Set. 727.564 Brus'ls, G't'r. Belgium... 912,774 Leicester. England. 262,900 Soerabaya. Dutch E. I. 313,000 Bucharest... Rumania.. 640,511 Leipzig Germany..

701,606 Sotia

Bulgaria... 287,095 Budapest Leningrad. Russia. 3,191,304 Soochow China.

260,000 G'i'r Hungary.. 1,585,678 Lille.

France 200.575 Stalingrad. Russia 388,000 Buenos Aires Argentina. 2,364,263 Lima,

Peru..

500.000 stallno. Russis.. 285,500 Cairo.. Egypt.. 1,307,422 Lisbon.. Portugal. 594,390 Stettin. Germany. 268,915 Calcutta.. India 1,485,582 Liverpool.. England. 836,300 Stockholm. Sweden. 583,621 Canton.. China.. 861,0241 Lodz

Poland.. 665,200 Stoke-on-T.. England. 272,800 Cape Town. . U. 8. of Afr. 173,412 Lond'n, Gr'tr England.. 8.655,000 Stuttgart.... Germany.. 459,538 Caracas. Venezuela 300,000 (Lucknow India

274,659 Sverdlovsk Russia

400,800 Cardilt.. Wales.

224,850 Lwow.. Poland. 317,700 Sydney .. Australia. . 1,305,040 Catania. Italy. 244,972 Lyons. France 570,621 Tabriz.. Iran.

219.000 Cawnpore. India. 243,755 Madras India

647,230 Taihoku Formosa.. 274,157 Chemnitz Germany

334,563 Madrid. Spain 1,194,000 Tayhkent. Russia. 585,005 Chungk1ng..China. . 635,000 Magdeburg. Germany.. 334,358 Tehran

Iran..

360.000 Cologne.. Germany. 768,426 Manchester England. 736,500 Tientsin China.

1,292,025 Colombo.. Ceylon. 284,155 Mannheim .. Germany. 283,801 Tiflis...

Georgia, R. 519,175 Copenhagen, Denmark. 843,168 Marseilles.. France 914,232 Tokio, G't'r. Japan.. 7,094,600 ('ordoba. Argentina 288,916 Melbourne.. Australia. . 1,046,750' Toronto.. Canada. 631,207 Cracow Poland 254,600 Messina Italy

192,051 Toulouse. France 213,220 Croydon England, 242,300 Mexico City, Mexico. 1,754,355 Trieste. Italy.

261,368 Dairen. Kwantung 282,665 Milan. Italy. 1,219, 240 Tsingtao. China.

514.769 Danzig Free State. 415,000 Montevideo. l'ruguay. 682,664 Tunis. Tuntsia. 219,578 Delhi.. India. 447,442 Montreal, Canada.. 818,577 Turin. Italy.

698,096 Dne' p'tr'ysk Russia. 500.662 Moscow. Russia. 4,137,018 Valencia. Spain

352.802 Dortmund.. Germany. 537,000 Mukden Manch'k'o 772,017 Valparaiso Chile.

263,228 Dresden. Germany 625, 1741 Munich.

Germany..

828,325 Vancouver. Canada 308,340 Dublin... Ireland.. 482,300 Nagasaki. Japan. 230,800 Venice. Italy

285,833 Duisburg. ... Germany.. 431, 256 Nagoya. Japan. 1.249,100 Vienna. Germany..]1,918, 462 Dusseldorf..Germany.. 539,905 Nagpur

India

215.165 Wanhsein. China. 210,837 Edinburgh Scotland.. 468,500 Nanking China. 1,019,148 Warsaw.. Poland. 1,265, 700 Essen Germany.. 659,871 Naples. Italy..

925,325 Wenchow China,

631,276 Florence Italy..

354,975 Newcastle. England. 290, 400 West Ham.. England. 259,500 Foochow.. China. 322,725 Nice.

France.

241,916 Winnipeg Canada 280,202 Frankfort Germany.. 546.649 Ning po China. 218,774 Wuppertal, Germany. 398,009 Fukuoka.. 322,000 Nottingham, England. 278,800 Yawata. Japan,

243,500 Fushun Manch'k'o 295,036 Novosibirsk Russia. 278,000 Yokohama Japan

866, 200 Gels'nk'ch'n. Germany.. 313,003 Nurnberg .. Germany. 430.851 Zurich... Switzerl'd. 330,000

United States Trade with Latin-American Countries
Source: Statistical Year-Book of the League of Nations; in American dollars
Millions of dol.

Mulions of dol. Commodity

1940
Commodity

1938 1939 1940 489.7 562.5 718.5 Bituminous coal.

5.1 Total Exports.

8.7 40.1 61.6 115.3 Aircraft, including parts

12.01 10.3 Iron and steel mill products

7.5 Automobiles. 67.6 69.6 74.5 All other..

94.1 112.5 148.4 Industrial machinery 53.1 56.3 74.3 Total Imports

447.4 495.8 593.0 Chemical products, 28.71 39.2 55.2 Coffee.

133.8) 136.2 124.3 Textile manufactures

31. 41.8
48.2 Cane sugar

79.7 75.0 69.7 Electrical mach, and apparatus. 31.4 34.1 40.6 Copper

26.6 30.1 51.9 Rice, flour, other veg. prod. 34.7 34.5 37.2 Crude petrol., seminn. oils,

18.9 23.3 47.6 Crude petrol., refined Olls. 28.3 28.5 25.7 Raw wool.

7.8/ 17.1 46.7 Paper and paper materials 7.7 10.8 22.7 Hides and skins.

9.8 19.0 24,4

12.1 13.2 13.1 Meats, fats, milk, edib. animal prod 14.7 17.8 19.8 Cocoa,. Agricultural implements, 21.9 16.2 14.4 Sodium nitrate

10.7 11.2 12.5 Lumber and wood products, 12.8 13.5 13.5 All other..

148.0 170.7 202.8 Rubber and manufactures...

8.41 10.71 12.31

Japan. .::.

3.0

AVIATION

International Aeronautical Records Source: The National Aeronautic Association, duPont Circle, Washington, D. C., representative in the United States of the Federal Aeronautique Internationale, world sport governing body for aeronautics. The officers of the association are: Charles F. Horner, president; George B. Logan, vicepresident; William R. Enyart, secretary, and John H. Jouett, treasurer. The International Aeronautical Federation was formed (1905) by representatives from Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Spain, Italy, Switzerland and the United States, with headquarters in Paris. Regulations for the control of official records were signed (Oct. 14, 1905). Thirty-eight countries were members of the association (1939). The records presented here are as of Oct. 1, 1941. World records are defined as maximum performance, regardless of class or type of aircraft used. Records accepted by the Federation follow:

WORLD AIR RECORDS Maximum speed over a 3-kilometer course (1.864 miles)-755.138 km. p. h. (469.220 m. p. h.)--Fritz Wendel, Germany, April 26, 1939.

Distance airline 11,520.421 kilometers (7,158.440 miles)-Squadron Leader R. Kellett, Flight Lt. R. T. Gething and Pilot Officer M. L. Caine (one plane); Flight Lt. A. N. Combe, Flight Lt. B. K. Burnett and Sergt. H. B. Gray (second plane); Great Britain, Nov. 5-7, 1938.

Altitude-22,066 meters (72,394.795 feet) Anderson and Stevens, United States, November 11, 1935.

All other records, international in scope, are termed International records and are divided into classes, free balloons, airships, airplanes, seaplanes, amphibians, gliders, and helicopters. In the following tables categories are used and are defined as:

Light airplanes

Light seaplanes
Engine cylinder displacement

Engine cylinder displacement 1st category 397-549 cubic inches

397-549 cubic inches 2nd category

244-397 cubic inches

Less than

397 cubic inches 3rd category 122-244 cubic inches

None 4th category. Less than 122 cubic inches

None AIRPLANES (Class C) Distance closed circuit (International)-12,935.770 kilometers (8,037.899 miles)---Angelo Tondi, Roberto Dagasso and Ferruccio Vignoli, Aldo Stagliano, Italy, July 30-31-Aug. 1, 1939. (United States)--5,036 kilometers (3,129.219 miles)-Major C. V. Haynes and Capt. w. D. Old, U. S. A., A. C. pilots; Capt. W. G. Bryte, Lt. A. C. Brandt, Sergt. A. Cattarius, Sergt. D. L, Spicer and Corp. J. E. Sands, U. S. A., A. O., crew, Dayton, O., Aug. 1-2, 1939.

Distance airline (International)-11,520.421 kilometers (7,158.440 miles)--Squadron Leader R. Kellett, Flight Lt. R. T. Gething and Pilot Officer M. L. Gaine (one plane); Flight Lt. A. N. Combe, Flight Lt. B. K. Burnett and Sergt. H. B. Gray (second plane); Great Britain, Nov, 5-7, 1938. (United States) 8,065.736 kilometers (5,011.800 miles)-Russell N. Boardman and John Polando, from Brooklyn, N. Y.. to Istanbul, Turkey, July 28-30, 1931.

Altitude (International)-17,083 meters (56,046.473 feet)-Col. Mario Pezzi, Italy, Oct. 22, 1938. (United States)-13,157 meters (42,165.880 feet)-Lt. Apollo Souceck, Anacostia D. C., June 4, 1930.

Maximum speed International)--Speed 755.138 km. p. h. (469.22- m. p. h.)-- Fritz Wendel, Germany, April 26, 1939. (United States)-speed 567.115 km. p. h. (352.388 m. p. h.)-Howard R. Hughes, Santa Ana, Calif., Sept. 13, 1935.

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles)) (International) - Speed 634.320 km. P h. (394.147 m. p. h.)Major Gen. Ernst Udet, Germany, June 5, 1938. (United States)-Speed 470.896 km. p. h. (292.600 m. p. h.) Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Acomita, N. M., April 20, 1940.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)--Speed 524.185 km. p. h, (325.713 m. p. h.) - Furio Niclot, Italy, Dec. 9, 1937. (United States)-Speed 492.341 km. p. h. (305.926 m. p. h.), Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Burbank-San Francisco-Burbank, Calif., course, Sept. 15, 1939.

Speed for 2,000 kilometers (1,242.739 miles) (International)-Speed 533.847 km. p. h. (331.716 m. p. h.), Miss Jacqueline Cochran, Mt. Wilson, Calif.-Mesa Giganta, N. M.-Mt. Wilson, Calif., course, April 6, 1940. (United States) same.

Speed for 5,000 kilometers (3,106.849 miles) (International)-Speed, 404.936 km. p. h. (251.615 m. p. h.), Nicholas Chebanov and Vladimir Matvelev, Sebastopol course, Aug. 28, 1939. (United States)

Speed 272.030 km. p. h. (169.031 m. p. h.) D. W. Tomlinson and J. A. Bartels, Floyd Bennett-Bolling Field-Floyd Bennett Field course, May 16-17, 1935.

Speed for 10,000 kilometers (6,213.698 miles) (International)-Speed 311.620 km. p. h. (193.631 m. p. h.) -Comm. Rossi and Adjt. Chief Emont, France, Aug. 15-16, 1939.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (first category) Distance, Airline (International)-3,318.198 kilometers (2,061.703 miles)—A. Goussarov and V. Giebov, Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles) (International)-Speed 392.584 km. p. n. (243.940 m. p. h.)Giorgio Parodi, Italy, Aug. 27, 1939. (United States)--Speed 333.179 km. p. h. (207.027 m. p. h.)Clarence R. McArthur, New Orleans,, La., June 26, 1938.

Altitude (International)-9,075 meters (29,773.560 feet)-Herman Ilig, Germany, July 7, 1939. (United States)-5,721 meters (18,769,646 feet)--Grace Huntington, Burbank, Calif., May 31, 1939.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (second category) Speed 100 kilometers (International)Speed 383.386 km. p. h. (238.225 m. p. h.)-S. J. Wittman, U. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 19, 1937. (United States)--same.

Distance, Airline (International)--5,099.300 kms. (3,168.365 miles)--Andre Japy, France, from Istres to Djibouti, Nov. 30, 1937.*

LIGHT AIRPLANES (third category) Distance, Airline (International)-6,303.840 kilometers (3,917.017

miles)--Horst Pulkowski and Lt, R. Jenett, Germany, from Bengasl, Libya, to Gaya, British India, Dec. 29-31, 1938. (United States) 3,986.944 kilometers (2,477.367 miles)—J. M. Jones, Nov. 29-30, 1938.

LIGHT AIRPLANES (fourth category) Distance, Airline (International)-1,909.833 kilometers (1,186.713 miles)--Heinz Gabler, Germany, Aug. 2, 1939. (United States) 1,631.878 kilometers (1,014 miles)---Robert E. Bryant, from Mlami, Fla.; to Camden, N. J., July 31, 1939.

SEAPLANES (Class C2) Distance, closed circuit (International)-5,200 kilometers (3,231.123 miles)---Mario Stoppani_and Carlo Tonini, Italy, May 27-28, 1937. (United States)--2,525 kilometers (1,569 miles)--Lts. B. J. Connell and H. C. Rodd, San Diego, Cal., Aug. 15-16, 1927.

Distance, Airline (International)-9,652,001 kilometers (5,997.462 miles)-Capt. D. C. T. Bennett and First Officer I. Harvey, Great Britain, frorn Dundee, Scotland, to near Port Nolloth, S. Africa, Oct. 6-8, 1938. (United States)-5,280.015 kilometers (3,281.402 miles)-Lt. Commdr. Knefler McGinnis, U. . N., Lt. J. K. Averill, Ú. S. N., N. A. P., T. P. Wilkinson, U. S. N., from Cristobal Harbor, C. Z., to San Francisco Bay, Alameda, Calif., Oct. 14-15, 1935.

Maximum speed (International)-Speed 109.209 km. p. h. (440.681 m. p. h.)-Francesco Agello, Italy, Indicates no United States record has been established.

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