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In tabular form the Bureau shows the estimated, is skilled, 39.4 semi-skilled and 24.5 unskilled! defense employments in all groups thus:
During the year, the A. F. of L.-C. I. O. dispute
remained in status quo, the one important pubNUMBER OF MAN-YEARS licized development being the referendum vote of REQUIRED
the International Typographical Union, suspended
by the A. F. of L. for refusing to pay a special In the Produc. assessment, since removed, to return to the fold.
In Fac- tion, Manufac- Undercover efforts to iron out the dimculty conAt Con- tories of ture, & Trang- tinued with the most optimistic reporting some
struc- Final portation of progress. TYPE tion Fabri- Materials, and
The year elosed with the more responsible leaders Sites cation in Administra- giving serious thought to what may come when
defense efforts will slow down or cease. Already
priorities threaten dislocation of the building and Total-All
construction trades in 1942 and printing and pubTypes.. 2,868,400 6,149,500 9,735,300 lishing face drastic restrictions in the flow of Airplanes
0 1,883,500 2,715,400 material with the chief threat affecting magazines Ordnanice.
0 2,176,100 1.327.300 and periodicals. Ships 1,840,600
0 2,460, 300 How seriously the coming of peace is considered Milltary Posts. 846,500
0 1,174,900 may be judged by the declaration of George Meany, Shops.
181,300 815,300 1,365,900 Secretary of the American Federation of Labor, All Others 0 1,274,600 691,500 that unless adequate plans are now made "the
depression of the early 1930's will be a pink tea Stated in percentages 36.1 of the work required compared to what we will experience."
Strikes in the United States
Source: United States Department of Labor
No. 1917) 4,450 1.227,254 1925 1.301 428,416
1933) 1.695 1.168,272 16.872,128 1918) 3,353 1,239,989 1926) 1.035 329,592
1934] 1,856 1.466,695 19,591.949 1919 3,630 4,160,348
1927 707 329,939 26,218,628||1935 2,014 1.117.21315,456,337 1920) 3,411 1,463,054
1928 604 314.210/12,631,863|1936) 2.172 788.648 13,901,956 19211 2,385 1,099,247
1929 921 288,572 5,351,540||1937| 4.470 1.860.62128.424.857 1922 1,112 1,612,562
1930 637 182,976 3,316,808||1938] 2,772 688.3761 9,148.273 1923 1,553 756,584
1931 810 341,817] 6,893,244|1939 2,613 1,170,962 17,812,219 19241 1,249 654,6411
19321 841 324,210110.502,03. 1119401 2,508 576,9881 6,700,872
Number of Workers Involved in Strikes in 11 Industries Related to National Defense
No. Proportion in
tion inIndustry ployees volved
ployees volved All industries 2,371,700 1 out of 17 Engine manufacturing
52,200 1 out of 98 Aircraft. 90,100 1 out of 14 Explosives.
7,600 1 out of 36. Aluminum
28,300'1 out of 3 Foundries and machine shops. 402, 600 1 out of 23 Automoblles 447.600'1 out of 17 Machine tools ...
66,000 1 out of 97 Blast furn., st'l wks., roll. mills 483,700 1 out of 24 Sawmills, log. camps, millwk, 459,800 1 out of 13 Electrical machinery. 240,10011 out of 271 Shipbuilding..
93,700, 1 out of 6
16 State Liquor Monopolies Do $264,500,000 Business There are 16 States which own and operate alcoholic beverage monopolies and they take in an annual gross revenue of more than $264,500,000 and a profit of more than $58,000,000, the United States Census Bureau announces. The following table shows receipts, profits and expenditures per family, Expendi
ExpendiState Receipts Profits tures per
State Receipts Profits tures per Family
Family Alabama $8,443,000 $2,262,000 $12.53 Oregon
$8,532,000 $1,779,000 $25.26 Idaho.
3,630,000 760,000 25.61 Pennsylvania 73,233,000 16,708.000 29.11 Towa. . . 11,427,000 2,386.000 16.28 Utah
4,066,000 886,000 29.15 Maine 5,708,000 1.787,000 26.06 Vermont
1,628,000 27,000 17.61 Michigan 36,658.000 8,344,000 26.26 Virginia
17,557,000 5.019.000 27.97 Montana 5,658,000 1,546,000 35.37 Washington
17,767,000 4,128.000 33.03 New Hampshire 3.918,000 995,000 29.46 West Virginia 12,239,000 3.293,000 27.51 Ohio, 52,199,000 7,838,000) 27.50 Wyoming
1,870,000 299.000 26.95 The average per family is $26.22, or about $6.90 per capita. In Alabama and some of the other states there are dry counties, under local option.
RECORD OF THE YEAR
Dec. 16-The authority of the Federal Government Dec. 1-General Manuel Avila Camacho, 43, for
over streams is "as broad as the needs of com
merce." mer Secretary of War, became Mexico's Presi
The Supreme Court of the United dent, succeeding Lazaro Cardenas.
States, 6 to 2 (Justices Roberts, McReynolds) Dec. 2-President Roosevelt has signed a bill ex
ruled against the contention of the Appalachian panding the 1918 Anti-Espionage Act to make
Electric Power Co., that because the New River sabotage a Fede
was not navigable, the commission, under the offense in peacetime as well
Federal Power Act of 1920, could not force the ag during war, with maximum penalties of $10,000 fine and ten years in jail.
corporation to operate its $12,000,000 dam and -An Indo-Chinese communique said that Thai
power plant near Radford in southwestern Vir
ginia, under a commission license. For the (Slam) troops took over Bandong Island, in the Mekong River, below Vientiane.
majority, Justice Reed held that the New River Dec. 3—Collision of two express trains at Velillade
was navigable within the law, because it could Ebro, 30 miles from Saragoosa, Spain, killed
be made navigable by improvements. more than 40 persons and injured 80.
-The State delegates of the Electoral College, Dec. 4-A United Air Lines plane from Cleveland
consisting of the chosen presidential electors in fell 150 feet and hit a house near the edge of
each of the 48 States, met in the several States Chicago Airport. The wreckage took fire; nine
as provided by the Constitution (first Monday of the 16 persons aboard were killed and the
after the second Wednesday in December) and others were injured. It was snowing at the time
elected Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. and there was some ice on the wings. The plane Dec. 17-An explosion in a Cincinnati tenement
Wallace as President and Vice President. was several hours late. -In the World's Fair grounds, New York City, six
killed 13 persons, among them a baby born to men were killed and two injured when a false
Mrs. Lillian Schnetzer, 42, while she lay buried ceiling in the Railroads Exhibit, which was being
in wreckage. Mrs. Schnetzer, her husband, demolished, collapsed and they fell with it.
Frank, and four other children in the family Dec. 5-An epidemie of mild influenza is sweeping
also perished. over California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho,
Dec. 18—Five Army officers and a private from Arizona and New Mexico at a speed approaching
Much Field were killed when their 22-ton the spread of the 1918 pandemic.
bombing plane crashed into Marion Mountain Dec. 6In New Haven, Conn., Lily Pons_(Mrs.
in the San Bernardino Calif.) National Forest. Andre Kostelanetz), singer, renounced her French
--The U. S. House upheld President Roosevelt's citizenship and took the oath of allegiance to
veto of the Logan-Walter bill which would subthe United States.
ject rulings and regulations of administrative Dec. 9-Adhemar Raynault was elected Mayor of
agencies to court review. The vote was 153 to Montreal and leader of a council of 97 men and
override against 127 to sustain the veto, twotwo women. He succeeds Camillien Houde, still
thirds being necessary to override. technically Mayor but powerless, having been
Dec. 19-In Helsinki, the Electoral College, 288 to confined to an internment camp for violating the
12, chose Risto Ryti, 51, as President of Finland defense of Canada regulations.
to succeed Kyosti Kallio, resigned; later Kallio, -Mexico City. the Federal District, and four sur
67, fell dead from a heart attack. rounding States, moved their clocks ahead one
Dec. 20 Slight tremors, originating, it was hour from central standard time to save elec
guessed, 25 to 50 miles underground, south of tricity.
Lake Ossipee, N. H., and lasting not more than "Madre Conchita", a nun, sentenced in 1928 to
half a minute at about 2:28 A. M., were felt 20 years in prison as the intellectual author"
throughout New England, New York State as of President-elect Alvaro Obregon's assassina
far west as Rochester and Buffalo, an Toronto, tion, went free on pardon in Mexico City.
Ontario, and Ottawa in Canada; all of New -Henri Bergson, phílosopher, has resigned from
Jersey and several points in Pennsylvania, inthe College of France at Paris in a protest
cluding Philadelphia. against anti-Semitic laws. A Jew, he refused
Dec. 22-Military supplies for Chiang Kai-shek's exemption offered by the government from the
Chinese Government are being shipped from the laws for his literary and artistic services to the
United States to the port of Vladivostok, thence nation."
by railroad to Chita or Verkneudinsk, forwarded Dec. 10—The Duke of Windsor, Governor General to the Soviet-Outer Mongolian border and then of the Bahamas, and his wife, arrived at Miami
sent, by trucks, camels, donkeys and mule carts, Beach, Fla., where the Duchess was relieved, in
to the towns of Lanchow and Ningsia. St. Francis Hospital, of her wisdom tooth. The - In the disputed Indo-China-Siam (Thailand) Duke, by official invitation, was conveyed by a
border region a “violent battle'' took place. Both U. S. Naval patrol bombing plane Dec. 13 to the
sides used artillery and machine guns, with the cruiser Tuscaloosa, and visited President Roose
heaviest firing being across the Mekong River velt in the Bahamas. The Windsors returned between Thai units around Panom and French to Nassau Dec. 17 on the private yacht, Southern units near Thakek. More than 100 shells struck Cross.
in Thai territory. -The Swiss Parliament elected Ernest Wetter to Dec. 23-A Naval Reserve plane landed safely on
succeed Marcel Pilet-Golaz as president Jan. 1, Floyd Bennet Field, Brooklyn, N. Y., after col1941.
liding with a private monoplane; the latter fell Dec. 11-In Washington, at a Congressional Com- into Deep Creek, killing the two occupants. In
mittee hearing, C. F. Preller, representing the Cuba, near San Luis, Oriente Province, a U. S. Electrical Workers Union there, 'Local No. 26 Navy bombing plane fell in a thunder storm. of the International Brotherhood of Electrical The two occupants were burned to death. Workers (A. F. L.), testified that its initiation Dec. 24-An earthquake originating deep under fee for the last 17 years and at present was $300 Ossipee, N. H, or thereabout, was felt at 8:34 and dues of $7.50 a month.
A.M., throughout New England and the southern Dec. 12-Gen. J. B. M. Hertzog. who quit as border of Eastern Canada.
Prime Minister of South Africa when Parliament - The Pope, in an address to the College of rejected his plans to keep the Union neutral at Cardinals, said: “As long as the rumble of the outbreak of the war, and N. C. Havenga, armaments continues in the stark reality of this his Finance Minister at that time, resigned from war it is scarcely possible to expect any definite Parliament.
acts in the direction of the restoration of morally, -The body of the Duke of Reichstadt, son of juridically imprescriptible rights."
Napoleon and the Archduchess Marie Louise of Dec. 25-In Bethlehem, in the Holy City, the lights Austria, was exhumed from the Capuchin mau- were out during Christmas services. In Europe, soleum, the Hapsburg family vault in Vienna, Gerinan and British warplanes did not leave the for shipment to Paris, where on Dec. 15, it was ground. In the United States, more than 165 reinterred in the Invalides in Napoleon's Tomb. deaths were caused by auto tratħc and more than - In the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul, a sailing 50 by fires. King George in London, the Duke vessel, Salvator, with 300 Jewish refugees from of Windsor in Nassau, in the Bahamas, radioed
Bulgarla aboard, sank in a storm; 223 drowned. to the world their hopes for a just peace.
proposed new constitution, with fewer than 800 City, Howard C. Hopson, head of the Associated out of 100.000 against it. The Supreme Court Gas and Electric system, was convicted of mail accepted it Dec. 28.
fraud He was acquitted of conspiracy. His -The new Sixth Avenue Subway, in New York lawyers, Charles M. Travis and Garrett A City, began public operation one minute after Brownback, were acquitted. Hopson later was midnight.
sentenced to five years in prison.
also limit to two years the grant of powers to Jan. 1-New Year's revelry was fatal to 170 persons
the President. in the United States.
-Germany and Russia signed an economic agree-In Germany there went into effect a law by ment; also one defining their common territorial which Jews must pay 15 per cent additional gross
boundaries. income tax to compensate for their "social in
Jan. 12-In Quita, Ecuador, Civil Guards stoned feriority."
the Presidential mansion and attacked police in Jan. 2-The last of the Christian Front cases of
an attempt to release aviators from Quito jail, young men charged with conspiracy to overthrow
They were dispersed by officers using guns and the U. S. Government were disposed of in the
tear-gas bombs. One man was killed and several Federal Court in Brooklyn, N. Y., when the
were wounded. following defendants were discharged and their -The 25,269 passenger steamship, Manhattan, prosecution dropped: Capt. John T. Prout. Jr., bound from New York City on a West IndiesJohn A. Viebrock, William H. D. Bushnell, Jr.,
Panama cruise, ran aground off Palm Beach, Fla. Macklin Boettger and William Gerald Bishop.
The 199 passengers were taken off the next day. Previously, 90 others were acquitted, another
The vessel was refloated Feb. 3. committed suicide during the trial, and the Ján. 13- The U.S. Supreme Court confirmed, charges against two were dismissed during the
unanimously (Justice Murphy not participating). trial
the constitutionality of the espionage act of 1917 - The Hungarian Meteorological Institute states
which makes it a crime to obtain or transmit any that 1940 was the coldest year since 1825, when it
"information respecting the national defense began keeping its records.
to be used to the injury of the United States or -Panama's new Constitution became effective and to the advantage of any foreign nation", friend at a meeting in the National Stadium the cere
or toe. mony of allegiance was led by President Arnulfo -The official Turkish news agency reported a Arias.
"very heavy loss of human lives and material Jan. 3--The 77th Congress opened at noon in
damage in & flood near Alexandretta. It was Washington. Speaker Sam Rayburn was re
reported several hundred persons had drowned elected Vice President Garner swore in the
near the Turkish border when the Asi River Senate members. South Trimble of Kentucky,
overflowed. was reelected Clerk of the House.
Jan. 14-In Brooklyn, N. Y., six men were burned -The last session of the House, 76th Congress,
to death and four of ten other employes who third session, was held Jan. 2.
were singed were in critical condition when a Jan. 4-A Navy transport plane hit, in a rain
bucket of paint caught fire on top of a kerosene storm, a granite boulder on Mother Grundy Peak, heater in a box factory. The plant destroyed 35 miles southeast of San Diego, Calif.; 11 fliers 2,100 unfinished raw pine lockers, last of a U.S. were killed, including four who had parachuted
Government order for 25,000 to be kept by soldiers on Jan. 2 from another Navy plane near Lamesa,
under their cots at the army base. Texas.
-Also in New York City (Manhattan) two brother Jan. 5-A resolution barring Communists. Nazis gunmen and ex-convicts, Anthony (Angelo), 35,
and Faseists from national or local office in the and Joseph (William) Esposito, 33, were caught Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding
by the police after a $649 hold-up in which a Workers of America, C. I. O., was adopted by
messenger and a policeman (E. F. Maher) were the union's general executive board in Camden, fatally shot, a cabman seriously wounded, a bank N. J.
guard hit in the shoulder, and Angelo or -Mrs. Cornelia Allerdice, 43, and her son Anthony, Anthony Esposito had been shot in the right leg. 7, died of suffocation in Indianapolis, Ind.
The brothers carried 6 pistols and 136 cartridges. despite the efforts of another son, David Aller- The hold-up occurred in an elevator in a building dice, Jr., Princeton University football star, to at 34th St. and 5th Avenue. save them. David, Jr., was burned, as was his - The body of Elsie Owen, violin teacher, wife of father, vice president of the Kingan Packing Co. Prof. Arthur Z. James, 56, language expert, was The father died.
found in their home, Hampstead, England. Her -Miss Amy Johnson, aviatrix, was drowned when skull had been fractured. Her husband, 56, testiher parachute plunged into the Thames estuary,
fied he had killed her to save her from a bleak England.
future". He was found guilty of slaying, but Jan. 6-The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani- was judged insane, and was put in custody mously that the National Labor Relations
Jan. 15-The Venezuelan Congress ratified a treaty (Wagner) Act required an employer to sign a
with Brazil providing for peaceful settlement of written contract with a union when a collective any controversies between the two nations. The bargaining agreement has been reached, even treaty, signed in Caracas in July, 1940, has been though the law does not say so in so many words.
ratified by Brazil. The H. J. Heinz Co. had contested the authority
- In a proclamation dated at Rome, Alfonso XIII, of the NLRB to require it to sign a contract with
who fed from Madrid April 14, 1931, announced a local of the A, F. of L. Canning and Pickle renunciation of all his claims to the throne of Workers' Union. The company had agreed to Spain in favor of his son, Prince Juan, 27, husthe union's terms after bargaining and con- band of Princess Maria Mercedes of the Two tended that it met the requirements of the law Sicilies branch of the House of Bourbon-Anjou. by posting notices to this effect on the bulletin Jan. 16- Bolivia and Chile signed, in La Paz, a boards.
non-aggression pact. - The Court, in another decision, upheld the
- In the Gulf of Slam, the French Asiatic squadron $50,000,000 awards on claims arising from the attacked the main force of the Thai navy. explosions of World War munitions at Black
---An army bomber plane from McChord Field, Ton Island and Kingsland, N. J., in 1916-17.
Wash., for Muroc, Calif., crashed 20 miles south
west of Morton, Wash.; seven aboard were killed. -In joint session, the Congress, after the tellers had counted the Electoral votes, State by State,
Jan. 17-In Hungary, 12 persons were killed when announced that Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry
an airplane on the regular Budapest-Maros
Vasarhely flight crashed in landing near NagyA Wallace had received 449 votes for President
Varad airdrome. and Vice President, and Wendell L. Willkie and
Jan. 18-The Thai (Siamese) flag was raised over Charles L. McNary had received 82.
the French Protectorate of Cambodia, in French Jan. 8-The Panama National Assembly adopted
Indo-China, for the first time in more than 50 unanimously a resolution in support of the message sent by President Arnuflo Arias to President
Jan. 19-Planes bombed Luang Prabang, capital Roosevelt offering cooperation in hemisphere
of Laos Province, which 60 years ago was burned defense.
by the Siamese before the French colonists took -Martial law was proclaimed in the Thai (Siamese)
over. Pakkin-Dun and Ream, a seaport in army, provinces bordering French Indo-China.
southern Cambodia, also were bombed. Jan. 9-The Thai (Siamese) army, supported by -The German (swastika) flag was ripped off the 90 planes, invaded Cambodia.
staff at the German consulate in San Francisco --Japanese air raids along the East River in China by two American sailors on leave from the Naval
killed 200 persons, including the Matron of St. Hospital. Berlin complained, Washington apoloJoseph's Hospital in Waichow.
gized, and later the sailors were convicted of Jan. 10-In Congress, a bill (the "Lend-Lease' malicious mischief. Sentences of 90 days in jail
bill) was introduced, giving President Roosevelt were suspended. personal authority to have manufactured or pro- Jan, 20-Envoys of Germany, Italy, Japan and 53 cured any war materials and to transfer such other countries, including Soviet Russia, atmaterials to any nations of the world in the tended, as invited witnesses, the inauguration of interest of American defense. This was followed Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term as Presion Jan. 13 by a bill to amend, by limiting aid at dent of the United States. The ceremonies were present to Britain and Ireland but would reserve held on the steps of the Capitol, in Washington. to Congress the right to designate any other The oath to support the Constitution was adnations to be helped. The amended bill would ministered by Chief Justice Hughes of the Su-' preme Court. Henry A. Wallace had been sworn owned by Norwood F. Allman, American memin five minutes before as Vice President by his ber of the Shanghai Municipal Council, was shot retiring predecessor, John Nance Garner.
dead on leaving a cabaret. -The U. s Supreme Court ruled (Justices Hughes, -President Fulgenio Batista took personal comStone, McReynolds dissenting) that the Federal mand of the Cuban Army, Navy and national Government is paramount in its power over police forces, after army guards threw up sandaliens (a law for registration of foreign born bags inside the Palace, and mounted machine was enacted by Congress last year); and there- guns at the entrance. Col. Jose Pedraza, exfore a Pennsylvania alien registration law was Army Chief, Lieut. Col. Garcia, ex-Police Chief illegal
and several others got by plane to Florida, inJan. 21-The fishing schooner Mary E. O'Hara cluding, later (by boat) Col. A. A. Gonzales,
split open in a collision with a barge, off Boston former Navy Chief Harbor, and sank; 18 of the crew of 23 were Feb. 4-Near Laurel Hills, Northport, L. I., N. Y drowned as they fell from th rigging, one by
an Army pursuit plane going at an estimated one, when their hands froze.
speed of 8 miles a minute, crashed when the left Jan. 22-Japan offered to mediate the border dis
wing flew off. It carried with it a part of the pute between French Indo-China and Thailand tail. They landed a mile away. The plane cut (Siam). The offer was made to representatives through a group of poplars and was ground to of the French Governor General, Admiral Jean pieces. Lieut. Sherman E. Denny was killed. Decoux, in Hanoi. Col. Tatsuji Koike, acting Feb. 5--Japanese troops, going overland from Bias head of the Japanese military mission, and
Bay supported by planes, have occupied ShayConsul General Yasushi' Hayashi acted for
uchung and Tamshui, northeast of Hong Kong, Japan, on instructions from Tokyo. Vichy ac- in the Mirs Bay area, partly cutting the route to cepted the offer.
Shiukwan by which supplies entered Free China Jan. 23—The 12-ton, $135,000 Transcontinental and from Abroad. Western sleeper plane, bound from Los Angeles
-Ten men working in a quilt factory in New for $t. Louis, hit a tree in banking for a landing Haven, Conn., were burned to death. at the Lambert Field there and crashed. The
-In New York City a "New Deal in Education" pilot and a passenger were killed and 12 others
went into effect when thousands of public school were injured.
children took time out for a period of religious Part of 13th Century Dublin Castle that housed
instruction in various churches and centers. the Eire government offices, including those of
Feb. 6-A Trans-Canadian Airline plane from the government censor, was destroyed by fire.
Montreal, bound for Winnipeg. crashed when Valuables, furnishings and records also were
about to land at Armstrong. 391 miles east of its burned.
destination; the twelve persons aboard were Jan. 27–The Province of Silesia, with a popula
killed. tion of 7,500,000, has been split, by decree of
-An Army barabing plane equipped with experiCharcellor Hitler, into Upper and Lower Silesia.
mental apparatus to reduce hazards of Arctic Jan. 28 Gen. Francisco Franco put all Spanish
flying, smashed into Ragged Top. Mountain in railroads under government ownership and oper
Nevada, killing its crew 0.
eight. ation, to relieve the food shortage.
-On Long Island, N. Y., an Army Air Corps pilot Jan. 30—Japanese dispatches from Saigon, French was killed and another hurt when their Curtiss Indo-China, said that an armistice agreement P-40 pursuit monoplanes collided and locked 2,000 ending hostilities between Thailand and Indo
feet during combat practice and crashed in China had been signed at noon aboard the
flames. Japanese cruiser Natori. The armistice was for Feb. 7-Opposition to the creation of TVA, "power 15 days, beginning Jan. 28.
yardsticks west of the Mississippi River was Jan. 31-In Montevideo, the Regional (Economic)
voted in Denver at a Governor's Council on State Conference of the River Plate approved a draft Rights." The resolution said the Arkansas Valley convention suspending operation of the most
plan would jeopardize continued agricultural favored-nation clause in dealings among Argen- development in the West and would place in tina, Bolivia, Brazil. Paraguay, and Uruguay. jeopardy "hundreds of thousands of
farm The Conference, first of its kind, closed Feb. 6. homes. 1941-FEBRUARY
--In Tokyo, Foreign Minister Matsuoka of Japan
opened the Thailand Indo-China peace conferFeb. 1-William Gibbs McAdoo, 77. lawyer, builder
ence with a reaffirmation of Japan's greater of the New York-New Jersey Hudson Tubes, for
East Asia" policy. The head of the Thailand mer Secretary of the Treasury, and lately U. S. delegates gave his nation's conception of the Senator from California, died in Washington, of
Japanese policy as "prosperity for each, stability a heart attack.
for all.'' Feb. 2-Princeton trustees issued this rule: "Intoxi- -Chile and Peru signed agreements to foster
cation or disorder and bad manners arising from better relations and calling for joint defense of the use of liquor are particularly serious offenses their strip of the Pacific Coast under the prinand will subject the student involved to the pen- ciples embodied in Pan-American agreements at alty of suspension or dismissal from the uni- the Havana conference. versity." The order took the place of the one Feb. 9--Earthquakes were felt in Eureka, Calif.. 195 years old, forbidding liquor in students' and were recorded on seismographs in Berkeley, rooms.
Celif., St. Louis University and in New York Feb. 3-The U. S. Supreme Court, 8-0 (Justice MC- City (Fordham University.)
Reynolds had retired) upheld the Federal Wage -Japanese shelling of Mekong River bridges on and Hour Law. The decision reversed a 1918 the Burma Road has reduced traffic between ruling of the same tribunal which had denied to Chungking and the sea by that route, and is Congress the power to outlaw child labor. In diverting Chiang Kai-shek's munitions to the 1924 a Constitutional Amendment was submit- route via Vladivostok, Chita and Lanchow. ted to the country, authorizing Congress "to Feb. 10-Gen. Walter G. Krivitsky, 41, of New York limit, regulate and prohibit the labor of persons
City, who had been, he said, a former chief of under 18 years of age." It has been ratified by the Russian secret army intelligence service, 28 States, 36 States are required. The Wage and under Stalin, was found shot to death, a pistol Hour Law (Fair Labor Standards Act) prohibits nearby, in a hotel in Washington, where he had the employment of children under 16 in mining roomed as Walter Poref. His real name, it was and manufacturing and of children under 18 in stated, was Samuel Ginsberg. The police said hazardous occupations, but its chief purposes are that Porer, on Feb. 7, bought in Charlottesville, to fix minimum wages and maximum working Va., the pistol and 50 dum-dum bullets, when he hours for all workers whose products enter in- was visiting Eitel W. Dobert, a former German terstate commerce. Justice Stone ruled that Con- Storm-trooper. The police listed the death as a gress was empowered to prevent shipment in suicide: friends said he feared assassination by a interstate commerce of materials produced by Soviet spy and was scared into putting a bullet in employees receiving less or working longer than his head the standards set in the act.
- The US Supreme Court refused to review a -The same Court, 5 to 2, held that disputes be- Federal Circuit Court of Appeals order upholding
tween labor unions are not, under the Sherman the National Labor Relations Board in its order Anti-Trust Act, subject to court review. The case to the Ford Motor Company to reinstate 23 was that of Carpenters Union officials who had employees who had been discharged for alleged been indicted on charges of seeking to force An- union activity, The Supreme Court, in two heuser-Busch, Inc., a brewing company of St. other decisions, held that picketing activities Louis, to turn over to their union the millwright may be enjoined if attended by violence, but that work involved in the erecting and dismantling of they may not be enjoined merely because the machinery, although the work was being done by pickets were not employed at the place they were the International Association of Machinists (also picketing
A. FL.) under a contract with the company. Feb. 11- The U. S. House, 353 to 6 voted to extend --In Shanghai, King Hua-ting, editor of "Shun for 15 months the life of the (Dies) Committee
Pao", a pro-Chunking vernacular newspaper which is investigating un-American activities.
-Japan celebrated the 2601st anniversary of the Moscow for one year. The agreement is based founding of the Empire. There were rites before on barter. the Shinto shrines and mass parades of military --A truckload of ice cutters from Montreal was and civic organizations to the Emperor's palace crossing the St. Lawrence River when the to lay the devotion of the people at his feet. The vehicle broke through and sank in 50 feet of traditional imperial banquet in the Homel Hall water; u of the 17 men were drowned. of the Imperial Palace, was dispensed with this Feb. 26-Following a proclamation in Amsterdam, time.
by Gen, Friedrich Christiansen, German Military --Col. W. G. Peace, 64, died in Laguna Beach, Commander, establishing a military adininistra
Calif. He was commander of 11th u. S. Field tion for the Province of North Holland, on acArtillery in the Argonne Forest Nov. 11, 1918. A count of the disturbed political situation," it minute before the Armistice hour of 11 o'clock was announced that six civilians had been killed a German shell killed several members of his and a number wounded in clashes between the staff. He ordered a shot fired in retaliation, and police and "disturbers of the peace"-Strikers it exploded over the German lines as the war and alleged attackers of secret Jewish organizaended.
tions. There were many prisoners. Strikers were Feb. 12-In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a heat wave ordered back to work. Ohristiansen fined Amster
killed 33 persons; 150 are under treatment. dam 15 million guilders as a penalty. A Jew was Feb. 15-Violent wind storms in Portugal and shot to death in Amsterdam by a firing squad Northern Spain set fires at Santander, in the Bay March 3. He was convieted of spraying acid on of Biscay, that destroyed hundreds of houses, the secret police. Many were went to prison. The other buildings and boats. Spain and Portugal outbreaks were also in Hilversum and Zaandam. counted 145 dead, thousands injured and property --In Lackawanna, N. Y., the C.I.o. called a strike damage running into millions of dollars. Hun- at the Bethlehem Steel Company's plant; 4,000 dreds were unaccounted for in Portugal.
quit and 3,000 pickets went on duty outside the Feb. 16-Storms have spread from Africa across place. the Mediterranean to the south and east of Feb. 27- The new $120,000, 14-passenger "Mexico Europe. Belgrade reported that Yugoslavia's Silver Sleeper" plane of Eastern Air Lines was Lake Scutari was rising, with some buildings torn to pieces in a grove of pine trees encountered already under water, while in the Batchka dis- in the rain on the way to the Candler landinig trict floods had destroyed many dwellings and field in Atlanta, Ga., which was only 5 miles threatened others.
distant; seven of the persons aboard were killed Feb. 17--The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani- and nine were injured,
one fatally. Among those mously that Earl Russell Browder, general secre- hurt was Capt. E. V. Rickenbacker, president of tary of the Communist party in the United States the line. The plane had left New York City and its candidate for President last year, must Feb. 26 and was bound for Brownsville, Tex., by serve a four-year sentence for passport fraud. way of Atlanta and New Orleans. The Court also sustained the passport fraud con- Feb. 28-Ex-King Alfonso XIII (54) of Spain, who viction in New York of Welzel Warzower, alias had been in exile, died from a heart attack in Robert William Weiner, whose case virtually Rome in the presence of his wife, former Queen duplicated Browder's. Warzower, a native Rus- Victoria; his two sons, Don Juan and Don sian who submitted a forged birth certificate to Jaime, and one of his daughters, Princess obtain a passport, must serve two years.
Beatrix -In Brazil, at Porto Alegre, the Communist leader, Snow storms along the north Atlantic coast
Juvenal V. Silya, was killed when he resisted killed 30 persons-eight of them in New Jersey. arrest. The police of Rio Grande du Sol tracked down the Communist leader, who was holding a
1941-MARCH secret meeting with other Communists from Rio March 1-Earthquakes in the area of Larissa, in de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and a gun fight en- Northern Greece, made several thousand persons sued.
homeless. reb. 18-The U. S. House passed the bill providing March 2-In Delaware, and particularly in the City for reapportionment of its membership.
of Wilmington, the Attorney General of the State Feb. 19—At Gatun, Army officials watched a cater- issued orders which resulted in hundreds of
pillar-type shovel lift out three and one-half arrests for violations of the 200-year old "Blue cubic yards of dirt--the first dig of the job of
Laws," forbidding any kind of work on Sunday. building the third set of locks for the Panama
The State House of Representatives had rejected Canal. More than 12,000,000 cubic yards are to
by three votes an amendment which would have be excavated. The work is to be done in two
permitted each community to decide the extent years, eight months.
of its Sunday observance. The amendment had Feb. 20-In New York City the members of the
been approved by the Senate. The Legislature
repealed the Blue Laws" five days later. American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers gave formal ratification to the con
March 3-The U. S. Supreme Court unanimously sent decree, announced Feb. 19, which ends the
outlawed agreements by which manufacturers of Federal Government's anti-trust suits against
women's hats and dresses sought to eliminate
style "piracy" by registering new creations and the society Feb. 21-Ex-Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinoff penalizing anyone copying the designs. and Palina Molotofi, wife of the Premier, were
-Ex-King Carol of Rumania and his companion, dropped from membership in the Central Com
Mme. Magda Lupescu, fled to Portugal, by automittee of the Communist party (of which Stalin
mobile, from Seville, Spain, where they had been
under detention" for several months. is Secretary) for "inability to discharge obliga
March 4-President Roosevelt began his ninth year tions."
in office with a head cold which had kept him -President Pedro Aguirre Cerda of Chile vetoed a bill outlawing the Communist party, explaining March 5-In Amsterdam, 18 Hollanders have been
secluded for four days in the White House. that he regarded the measure as contrary to condemned to death by a German court martial the democratic principles that inspire my govern
in an esponiage and sabotage trial. The court. ment.
which had sat for a week, sentenced 19 others to Sir F. G. Banting, 49, co-discoverer of insulin,
one and one-half to seven years imprisonment: was killed, with two companions, when his plane six others were set free. The defendants were crashed in the snow near Musgrave Harbor, charged with being leaders of a group who enNewfoundland, on a "mission of high national
gaged in acts of sabotage and terrorism against and scientific importance," to Great Britain. the German Army and the army supply service. Feb. 22--The Nationalist government in Spain has and also with doing espionage work. The Mayor decreed that Castilian is the only language to be of Amsterdam was removed. spoken or written in that country. In Catalonia March 8-A snow storm left 11.6 inches in New and the Basque provinces the ban against all York City and several inches more in Connecticut, but Castilian is enforced. In Barcelona Spanish Massachusetts and Maine, names have been given to the streets, and March 10--In New York City, 1,305 buses quit Castilian is the only language used in schools operating because of a strike of the 3,500 drivers, the courts or the newspapers. Similar measures and 900.000 daily passengers had to look for. have been taken in the three Basque provinces subway, "L" and taxi ways for transportation.
which sided with the Loyalists in the Civil war. The strike was settled March 20, with a mutual Feb. 23-Rochester, N. Y., held a public reception agreement to run the buses and arbitrate.
complete with a 100-candle cake, to Henry Lilly, --Twelve firemen were killed and 20 hurt in commander of the State's Grand Army of the Brockton, Mass., when the roof of a burning Republic on his hundredth birtnúay. A farm bog theater fell on them. from Loretto, Pa., he enlisted in the Union Army -The Chamber of Deputies in Haiti adopted a resoin 1862 at 21. He fought in the Army of the lution extending the term of President Stenio Potomac at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettys- Vincent for 5 years from May 15, when his burg and in the Second Battle of Bull Run.
present term will expire. Feb, 24-The first Swiss-Russian trade agreement, -In Washington a renewal was signed to an 1899 since the Bolshevik revolution, was signed in
convention which permits British and American