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friends of missions, by a statement of your claims. Ah! they may soon be set forth. Much, very much, have ye done to perpetuate and aggravate the calamity, to swell the wail of hopeless woe, and to embitter the overflowing cup of human wretchedness! Ah ! how little does the cause of God or of man, of civilization or of humanity, owe to you! How poor, how mean, how utterly worthless is the whole library of your specific literature, travels, journals, and voyages, when weighed in the balances with the “ Enterprises” of the Martyr of Erromanga! He has done incalculably more earthly good-eternity and the gospel which prepares for it, wholly apart—than your entire fraternity united. Am I dogmatizing? I appeal to the facts of the present letter. How are these facts to be accounted for ? The missionary informs you of all that he said, and of all that he did ; he thus exhibits the means. But to what shall we ascribe their efficacy ? Hear the converted native, part of whose words are already before you, as uttered at a missionary meeting. “ These gods are conquered; but the invisible God will remain for ever. The idols now hanging in degradation before us were formerly unconquerable ; but the power of God is gone forth, by which men become Christians, and savages brethren in Christ." Yes, “the power of God is gone forth.” This fact explains the whole matter. sider what I say, and the Lord give you understanding in all things !"+

"*

- Con

* Williams, p. 28.

| 2 Tim. ii. 7.

LETTER V.

ON THE RESULTS OF MISSIONARY LABOUR IN RELATION

TO GOVERNMENT, LIFE, LIBERTY, AND PROPERTY.

To Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Baronet.

it to you.

me,

Friend of humanity, and honoured advocate of the slave! the facts which will be embodied in this letter, excite feelings which at once suggest the dedication of

Permit at the same time, to acknow. ledge the receipt of your recent work on the slavetrade, and to thank you for the publication of that philanthropic volume. Nothing, connected with Africa, has yet been published, from which I have derived so much pleasure and encouragement as from your Remedial” suggestions. But while from the beginning to the end there is not a statement, nor a view, which has not the full concurrence of my humble judgment, my gratification is extreme to find you bearing, in the face of your country and your country's government, in the face of Europe, and, indeed, the world, with all its courts and kings, and presidents, a testimony to the omnipotence of the gospel, and the importance of missionary labour as the sure and the only means of extinguishing the horrid wars, exterminating the slavery, and healing the deep sorrows of Africa and her children. The Directors of all missionary societies, both British and foreign, will appreciate the value of that testimony,

In public assemblies your lips have frequently given utterance to the same sentiment ; but now, in the maturity of your large experience, you have reduced it to the form of a permanent record. Nor is this all ; that sentiment has been adopted and proclaimed by the bright roll of illustrious names who compose the “Society for the extinction of the Slave-trade, and for the civilization of Africa,” instituted in the year 1839, and of which you are the chairman. Let the ill-informed and unreflecting infidels of England and of Europe hear the solemn and deliberate declaration of that body of great men : It is the unanimous opinion of this Society, that the only complete cure of all these evils is the introduction of Christianity into Africa. They do not believe that any less powerful remedy will entirely extinguish the present inducements to trade in human beings, or will afford to the inhabitants of those extensive regions a sure foundation for repose and happiness.” The Christian people of England will read these words with appropriate emotions, and with fervent aspirations to the God of justice and of mercy, for his benediction upon an institution, the statement of whose humane and godlike object is prefaced by such an avowal. Nor can I refrain from noticing that this view is reiterated in the Society's Prospectus ; and, as if they knew not how sufficiently to impress it on the public mind, they introduce and urge it again at the close of their publication :-“ It is impossible, however, to close this address without again expressing, in the most emphatic terms, the conviction and earnest hope of all who have already attached themselves as members of this institution, that the measures to be adopted by them for the suppression of the traffic in slaves—for securing the peace and tranquillity of Africa—for the encouragement of agriculture and commerce-will faci. litate the propagation and triumph of that faith which one and all feel to be indispensable for the happiness

of the inhabitants of that Continent. Howsoever the extension of the Christian religion may be attempted, it is far more likely to take root and flourish where peace prevails, and crime is diminished, than where murder and bloodshed, and the violation of every righteous principle, continue pollute the land.”

Sir Thomas, the publication of such sentiments as these by a body largely composed of the nobles, the first gentlemen, the philosophers, the legislators, and literary men of England, is no light matter, and no ordinary occurrence. It marks a great era in the history of public opinion. How opposed is the spirit of the present age to that of Hume, Bolingbroke, and Shaftesbury !

How has the proud crest of infidel philosophy fallen! With what power and glory has Christianity burst forth! In England and throughout the earth she is everywhere her own witness. The calm voice of academic dialecticians, in her defence, was scarcely heard amidst the tempestuous and blasphemous boastings of a former age.

Works on the evidences were multiplied ; but such works, instead of quenching the fires that were raging among all ranks, only added fuel to the flame, which, combined with that of war, went on blazing and spreading till it enveloped England, Europe, America, and both the Indies ! At length the power of God broke forth in the ministrations of Whitefield, Wesley, and others, in whose hands the doctrine of the Cross became to multitudes the power of God unto salvation. Missions to many lands were established ; the experiment was made upon men of divers climes, tongues, and stages of civilization, and every where the result was the same. The case for the Gospel, as the great Restorer of lost happiness to man, is now closed, and judgment has been pronounced by a competent tribunal, from which there can be no appeal.

Yours, Sir Thomas, has been a career of glory infinitely surpassing that of the conquerors of mankind.

Your conflicts have been in behalf of humanity ; your weapons have been those of truth, love, and reason ; your laurels have not been the growth of tears and blood! Generations yet unborn will pronounce your illustrious name—not forgetting the names of your great compeers—with the most profound and grateful veneration. But you need not be reminded that, although you have achieved much, the work is only begun. Your volume, already referred to, shows that you are fully and painfully apprized of this fact ; and it also shows that the discovery has excited and awakened your spirit to the uttermost. The leisure resulting from your retirement from the labours of legislation, which multitudes deeply regretted, has been both laboriously and laudably employed in devising a remedy for the woes of Africa. That retirement, no Christian will doubt, was an event in providence for the acc plishment of wise, gracious, and all-important purposes of humanity. It has secured for you the intellectual vacation indispensable to profound inquiry and elaborate discussion. Deus tibi hæc otia fecit.” Persevere, Sir Thomas, in your glorious undertaking! There is a heart in the bosom of at least a million of England's best people that will respond to your call! May the Father of mercies and the friend of the oppressed, preserve your health, prolong your days, and prosper the work of your hands as leader of the hosts of British philanthropy and friend of Africa !

The question of African slavery has now assumed a fearful shape. It has proved itself a deadly evil of all but omnipotent might, which defies the power of diplomacy. It laughs the assaults of legislation to utter scorn! It spurns the checks of naval armaments; and still maintains, and even enlarges the boundaries of its vast and terrible empire ! Under this great defeat, nevertheless, there is much to console the bleeding heart of an English philanthropist.

Since the year

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