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clutch pedal out for a few minutes, let the car come almost to a stop, apply the clutch quickly and release it at once, and the chances are that the troublesome shift member will have turned to a position where it will engage more easily. Sometimes one or more of the gear teeth on the shift member or the gear with which it engages may be burred up on the edges and will not
Fig. 32.—How the Small Sliding Gear is Shifted to Obtain the Inter
mediate or Second Speed Ratio.
engage promptly, whereas other portions of the same members will have undamaged teeth that will easily slip into engagement.
General Driving Instructions.-Always drive a car slowly and cautiously until you are thoroughly familiar with the control mechanism and the methods of stopping the car. When driving up grades on the higher ratios, if the motor shows any tendency to labor, shift back into a lower gear ratio which has been provided for that purpose. Many motorists believe that the best test of a car's ability is to rush all hills, or bad spots in roads, on the direct drive. It should be remembered that the lower speed ratios were provided for use at all times when employing the third or fourth speeds might produce strains in the motor. All unusual noises should be investigated at once, as these sounds usually presage more or less serious trouble. A gasoline car should never be driven with a slipping clutch, and it is imperative that the brakes and steering gear be frequently inspected to make sure that they are in proper order.
Fig. 33.—How Small Sliding Gear is Shifted to Lock the Two Portions
of the Divided Main Shaft Together and Secure the Third Speed or Direct Drive.
One should never attempt to drive cars at high speeds unless the tire casings are in perfect condition and the road surfaces good. In driving on clay or muddy roads, or on wet asphalt, care must be taken in turning corners and the car should be driven cautiously to avoid dangerous side slipping or skidding. When driving on unfavorable highway surfaces always keep one side of the car on firm ground, if possible. Brakes should always be carefully applied, especially if the road surfaces are wet. An automobile should never be brought to a stop in mud, clay or sand, snow or slush, if it can be avoided. Whenever road conditions are unfavorable, the smooth tread tires of the driving wheels should always be fitted with chain tire grips to insure having adequate traction.
All motorists should familiarize themselves as much as possible with the mechanism of their cars and should be competent to make the ordinary adjustments and minor repairs before any
Fig. 34.—How the Large Sliding Gear is Shifted to Secure the
long trips are attempted. A full equipment of tools and spare tires and casings should be carried at all times. It is well to remember that the manufacturer of the car has issued a set of instructions for its care and maintenance, and these should be followed as closely as possible because intelligent care of any piece of machinery means long life and reliable service and the automobile is no exception of the rule. Various rules of the road, motoring courtesies and useful information taken from the King 8 instruction book are summarized in following paragraphs that can be read to advantage by all motorists, regardless of the cars they drive.
RULES OF THE ROAD AND MOTORING COURTESIES
One of the first things that the new driver learns is the advantage to be derived from consideration and courtesy extended to others using public highway. Most drivers know that they are expected to turn to the right when approaching a vehicle, or to the left in overtaking and passing a slow moving vehicle going in the same direction. After they have come to realize the accuracy with which their car may be steered and the ease with which it may be called upon to pass and leave behind another vehicle, possibly approaching from the opposite direction, it seems natural for some drivers to display their nerve in not turning from the center of the road until they are almost upon the approaching vehicle. Often, however, the other fellow has as much courage and takes the same stand, and in the confusion which very frequently follows, either one or both cars are damaged on account of collision. In passing vehicles which are approaching, as large a margin of space as possible should be afforded, and in passing a slow-moving vehicle ahead, pass him as quickly as possible and without cutting in short ahead of him.
City Traffic Regulation. The lack of consideration on the part of a few careless drivers has resulted in the adoption of very strict municipal regulations governing traffic. Those who are familiar with city traffic regulations and apply them as well on country roads, will not be likely to encounter difficulties. The burning of at least three lamps, including two head or side and one tail lamp, is enforced from sundown to sunup in practically every State. Dimmer bulbs are usually provided in the head lamps so that side lamps are not necessary.
Road Crossings.-In approaching an intersection, either in the city or in the country, where a clear vision of the road approached cannot be had on account of buildings, fences, etc., obstructing the view, the car should be slowed down to a speed at which it can be readily stopped in case of the approach of another vehicle at either side.
Turning into Another Road.-In turning a vehicle into another road to the right, the driver should keep his car near the right-hand curb as practicable. In turning into another
road to the left, he should turn around the center of the two. No vehicle should be slowed up or stopped without the driver thereof giving those behind him warning of his intentions to do so by proper signals. See diagrams in Fig. 35.
Keep to Right
Pass to Left
Fig. 35.—Rules of the Road in. Vogue in the United States Graphically