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in little holes ; so neatly, that they could rage, and believing them to be very honest not be well perceived, till by the turning of people, sent them into the workhouse. a cock, they did sprout over interchange- On the Monday, a large mob of 5,000 ably, from side to side, above man's height, people and more, assembled at Tring; in forms of arches, without any intersec- but Jonathan Tomkins, master of the tion or meeting aloft, because the pipes workhouse, in the middle of the night, were not exactly opposite; so as the had removed them into the vestry-room beholder, besides that which was fluent adjoining the church. The mob rushed in in the aqueduct on both hands in his view, and ransacked the work house, and all the did walk as it were under a continual closets, boxes, and trunks ; they pulled bower and hemisphere of water, with- down a wall, and also pulled out the out any drop falling on him; an in- windows and window-frames. Some of vention for refreshment, surely far excel- the mob perceiving straw near at hand ling all the Alexandrian delicacies, and said, let us get the straw, and set fire to pnuematicks'of Hero."* An invention of the house, and burn it down. Some cried greater solace could not have been desired out and swore, that they would not only in the canicular days, by those who sought burn the workhouse down, but the whole shelter from the heat; nor more coveted town of Tring to ashes. Tomkins being by any than by him, who is constrained apprehensive that they would do so told to supply the every-day” demand of them where the two unhappy people were, “ warm” friends for this little work-no they immediately went to the vestry-room, “cool” task!
broke it open, and took the two people away in great triumph.
John Holmes deposed, that the man and
woman were separately tied up in a cloth Red Chironia. Chironia Centaureum. or sheet; that a rope was tied under the Dedicated to St. Martha.
arm-pits of the deceased, and two men dragged her into the pond; that the men were one on one side of the pond, and the
other on the other; and they dragged her July 30.
sheer through the pond several times; and Sts. Abden and Sennen, A. D. 250. St. that Colley, having a stick in his hand, Julitta, a. D. 303.
went into the pond, and turned the de
ceased up and down several times. Witchcraft.
John Humphries deposed, that Colley On Tuesday, the 30th of July, 1751, turned her over and over several times Thomas Colley, William Humbles, and with the stick; that after the mob had Charles Young, otherwise Lee, otherwise ducked her several times, they brought Red Beard, were tried at Hertford for the her to the shore, and set her by the pond murder of Ruth Osborne, by drowning her side, and then dragged the old man in in a pond at Marlston-green, in the and ducked him; that after they had parish of Tring. The trial is exceedingly brought him to shore, and set him by the curious. It appeared that William Deli
, pond side, they dragged the deceased in the town crier of Hamel-Hempstead, on
a second time; and that Colley went again the 18th of April preceding, was desired into the pond, and turned and pushed by one Nichols, who gave him a piece of the deceased about with his stick as paper and fourpence, to cry the words at before; that then she being brought to the market-place that were wrote thereon, shore again, the man was also a second which he accordingly did. The paper
time dragged in, and underwent the same was as follows :—“ This is to give notice, discipline as he had before ; and being that on Monday next, a man and woman brought to shore, the deceased was a are to be publicly ducked at Tring, in this third time dragged into the pond; that county, for their wicked crimes."
Colley went into the pond again, and Matthew Barton, the overseer of Tring, took hold of the cloth or sheet in which on hearing that this had been cried at she was wrapt, and pulled her up and Winslow, Leighton-Buzzard, and Hamel. down the pond till the same came from Hempstead, in order to prevent the out- off her, and then she appeared naked ;
that then Colley pushed her on the breast
with his stick, which she endeavoured • Reliq. Wotton.
with her left hand to catch hold of, but
be pulled it away, and that was the last deceased wife had bewitched them. And time life was in her. He also deposed, even after the trial, a great number of that after Colley came out of the pond, he people in that part of the country thought went round among the people who were the man a vizard, and that he could cast the spectators of this tragedy, and col- up pins as fast as he pleased. Thoug': lected money of them as a reward for the a stout able man of his age, and ready great pains he had taken in showing them and willing to work, yet none of the sport in ducking the old witch, as he then farmers thereabouts would employ him, called the deceased.
ridiculously believing him to be a vizard, The jury found the prisoner Colley so that the parish of Tring were obliged -guilty.
to support him in their work house after his wife's death.
So far is reported by the editor of the
trial. The reporter of the trial states, from The mouth of John Osborne, the following particulars not deposed to in court,
On the 24th of August, 1751, Colley namely : that as soon as the mob entered was hung at Gubblecut-cross, and afterthe vestry-room, they seized him and his wards in chains. Multitudes would not wife, and Red Beard carried her across be spectators of his death; yet “ many his shoulders, like a calf, upwards of two
thousands stood at a distance to see him miles, to a place called Gubblecut; where die, muttering that it was a hard case to not finding a pond they thought conve
bang a man for destroying an old wicked nient, they then carried them to Marlston woman that had done so much mischief green, and put them into separate rooms
by her withcraft." Yet Colley himself in a house there; that they there stripped had signed a public declaration the day him naked, and crossed his legs and arms,
before, wherein he affirmed his conviction and bent his body so, that his right as a dying man, that there was no such thumb came down to his right great toe, a thing as a witch, and prayed that the and his left thumb to his left great toe, good people" might refrain from thinkand then tied each thumb and great toe ing that they had any right to persecute a together; that after they had so done, fellow-creature, as he had done, through they got a cloth, or an old sheet, and a vain imagination, and under the influwrapped round him, and then carried him ence of liquor: he acknowledged his cruto the Mere on the green, where he un- elty, and the justice of his sentence. derwent the discipline as has been related
The pond wherein this poor creature in the course of the trial. What they did lost her life was in mud and water togewith his wife he could not say, but he ther not quite two feet and a half in supposed they had stripped her, and tied depth, and yet her not sinking was deemher in the same manner as himself, as she ed".confirmation strong as proof of holy appeared naked in the pond when the writ” that she was a witch. Ignorance is sheet was drawn from off her, and her mental blindness. thumbs and toes tied as his were. After the mob found the woman was dead, they carried him to a house, and put him into a bed, and laid his dead wife by his side; all which he said he was insensible of,
White Mullen. Verbuscum Lychnitis having been so ill-used in the pond, as
Dedicated to St. Julitta. not to have any sense of the world for some time; but that he was well assured it was so, a number of people since informing him of it who were present. His wife, if she had lived till Michaelmas, St. Ignatius, of Loyola, A. D. 1556. St would have been seventy years of age ; John Columbini, A. D. 1367. St. Helen, he himself was but fifty-six.
of Sweden, A. D. 1160. The infatuation of the people in those parts of Hertfordshire waz so great, in ihinking that these people were a witch and a vizard, that when any cattle died, at was always said that Osborne and his
* Geni. Mag. xxi. 38.
St. Ignatius Loyola-Founder of the Jesuits. Ignatius was born in 1495, in the cas and a taste for poetry; he at that time tle of Loyola in Guipuscoa, a part of composed a poem in praise of St. Peter. Biscay adjoining the Pyrenees. In his In 1521, he served in the garrison of childhood he was pregnant of wit, dis- Pampeluna, against the French who becreet above his years, affable and obliging, sieged it: in resisting an attack, he with a choleric disposition, and an ardent mounted the breach sword-in-hand; a passion for glory. Bred in the court piece of stone struck off by a cannon of Ferdinand V., under the duke of ball from the ramparts bruised his left Najara, his kinsman and patron, às page leg, while the ball' in its rebound broke to the king, he was introduced into the his right. * army, wherein he signalized himself by Dr. Southey in a note to his recently dexterous talent, personal courage, addiction to licentions vices and pleasures,
* Butler's Saints
“Tale of Paraguay," cites the bis knee, and did somewhat disfigure his Jesuit Ribadeneira's account of this aca leg, to be cut off, that so his boot might cident to Ignatius from his life of him in sit more handsomely, as he himself told the “ Actæ Sanctorum,” where it is some me, thinking it to be against his honour what more at length than in the English that such a deformity should be in his edition of Ribadeneira's “ Lives of the leg: nor would he be bound while the Saints," which states that St. Peter ap bone was sawed off.” Father Bouhours, peared to Ignatius on the eve of his also a Jesuit, and another biographer of feast, with a sweet and gracious aspect, Ignatius, says, that one of his thighs and said that he was come to cure him. having shrunk from the wound, lest lame“ With this visitation of the holy apostle," ness should appear in his gait, he put says Ribadeneira, “ Ignatius grew much himself for many days together upon a better, and not long after recovered his kind of rack, and with an engine of iron perfect health : but, as he was a spruce violently stretched and drew out his leg, young gallant, desirous to appear in the yet he could never extend it, and ever most neat and comely fashion, he caused after his right leg remained shorter than the end of a bone which stuck out under his left.
When long care
Tale of Paraguay. Ribadeneira says, that one night while till he came to the hospital of St. Lucy Ignatius kept his bed and was praying, at Manresa, where he lived by begging a great noise shook all the chamber and among the poor, and exhausting his body, broke the windows, and the Virgin Mary not paring his nails, letting the hair of his appeared to him " when he was awake, head and beard both grow, and never with her precious Son in her arms;" in using a comb ; sleeping on a board or the
consequence of this vision he resolved to bare ground; passing the greater part of • embrace a life wherein he might afflict his the night in watching, praying, and weep
body. For this purpose, he determined ing; scourging himself three times a day, to go a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, and and spending seven hours upon bis knees. bought a cassock of coarse canvass for a Ribadeneira says, “ he was so set upon coat, a pair of country buskins, a bottle, curbing, and taming, and mortifying his and a pilgrim's staff; he gave his horse flesh, that he allowed it no manner of to the monastery of our blessed lady at ease or content, but was continually perMontserrat; hung up his sword and dag- secuting it, so that in a very short time ger at our lady's altar; and having spent from a strong lusty man, he became weak the night of Lady-day, 1522, at the said and infirm.” In 1523, he was so feeble altar, departed to institute the Society of and weak that he could hardly set one Jesus, in his canvass coat, girded with his leg before the other; where the night cord, walking with his pilgrim's staff overtook him, whether in the fields or bare-headed : he would have gone bare- high-road, there he lay; till at last, as footed but he was forced to wear one well as he could, often falling and rising shoe on the foot of the broken leg. Thus again, he made a shift to reach Rome, on be went,
Palm Sunday, where he “ made the holy “ One shoe off,
stations," and visited the churches, and And t'other shoe on
after remaining there fifteen days, begged
his way from door to door to Venice, Ribadeneira, “ with that readiness and afterwards went to Cyprus, and arrived desire of contempt, that he seemed a at Jerusalem on the 4th of September. novice employed therein for his profit He returned from thence in the depth of and mortification: all this I myself can winter, through frost and snow, with testify, who at that time being a youth, scarcely clothes to cover him, and ar was a scholar and brother in the society, riving at Cyprus, wanted to ship himself and every day repeated St. Ignatius's on board a Venetian man of war, but catechism. Our blessed father St. Igthe captain disliking his appearance said, natius was general of the society fifteen if he was a saint, as he said he was, he years, three months, and nine days, from might securely walk upon the water and the 22d of April in the year 1541, unti. not fear to be drowned. Ignatius, how- the last of July, 1556, when he departed ever, did not take the hint and set sail this world." upon his coat or a millstone, as other Ribadeneira largely diffuses
on the saints are said to have done, but em- austerities of Ignatius, in going almost barked in “ a little paltry vessel, quite naked, suffering hunger and cold, rotten and worm-eaten,” which carried self-inflictions with a whip, hair-cloth, him to Venice in January, 1524 On his “ and all manner of mortifications that way from thence to Genoa, he was taken he could invent to afflict and subdue his by the Spaniards who thought him a spy, body.” He accounts among his virtues, ard afterwards thought him a fool ; when that Ignatius lived in hospitals like a he got to Spain, at thirty-three years of poor man, amongst the meanest sort of age, he began to learn grammar, fasted people, being despised and contemned, as he did before, cut off the soles of his and desirous to be so: bis desire was to shoes that he might walk barefoot, and be mocked and laughed at by all, and if cut down a man that had hanged himself, he would have permitted himself to be who, through his prayers “ returned to carried on by the fervour of his mind, he
At Paris, in 1528, he thought fit would have gone up and down the streets to perfect himself in the Latin tongue, almost naked, and like a fool, that the and“ humanity;" then, also, he studied boys of the town might have made sport philosophy and divinity, and made jour- with him, and thrown dirt upon him. nies into Flanders and England to beg He had a singular gift of tears which he alms of the Spanish merchants, where shed most abundantly at his prayers, to with he got together a fraternity under the great comfort of his spirit and no less the name of the Fathers of the Society of damage to his body, but at length, beJesus, whom he persuaded John III. of cause the doctors told him so continual Portugal to send to the East Indies as an effusion did impair his health, he missionaries. He afterwards increased prayed for command over his tears, and the number, and retired with two of afterwards he could shed or repress his his order for forty days into a ruined tears as he pleased. and desolate hermitage without doors or It is especially insisted on by Ribawindows, open on all sides to wind and deneira, that “ Ignatius had a strange rain, where they slept on the ground on dominion and command over the devils, a little straw, and lived by begging hard who abhorred and persecuted him as mouldy crusts, which they were obliged their greatest enemy. Whilst he was in to steep in water before they could eat: his rigorous course of penance at Manthey then went to Rome on foot, begging resa, Satan often appeared to him in a
Before entering that city, shining and glistening form, but he disIgnatius going into an old church alone, covered the enemy's fraud and deceit. had, according to Ribadeneira's account, Several other times, the devil appeared to a celestial interview of a nature that him in some ugly and foul shape, which cannot be here described without violence he was so little terrified with, that he to the feelings of the reader. After the would contemptibly drive him away with removal of certain difficulties, the pope his staff, like a cat, or some troublesome confirmed the order of the Jesuits, and He laboured all he could one day Ignatius was unanimously eiected its to ierrify him, whilst he lived at Alcala, general. He entered upon his dignity by in the hospital, but he lost his lavour. taking upon himself the office of cook, At Rome, he would have choked him in and doing other menial services about his sleep, and he was so hoarse, and his the house, “which he executed,” says throat so sore, with the violence the
all the way.