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prejudices over weak minds, that the very decisions of some . of the courts were tinctured with that doctrine. It was un doubtedly an abominable doctrine. I thought so then, and 'I think so still : but, nevertheless, it was a popular doctrine, and came immediately from those who are called the friends of liberty; how deservedly, time will show. True liberty, in my opinion, can only exist when justice is equally administereri to all; to the king and to the beggar. Where is the jug. tice then, or where is the law that protects a member of par. liament, more than any other man, from the punishment due to his crimes ? The laws of this country allow of no place, por any employment, to be a sanctuary for crimes ; and where I have the honour to sit as judge, neither royal fasour, nor popular applause, shall protect the guilty.

I have now only to beg pardon for having employed so much of your lordships' time ; and I am sorry a bill, fraught with so many good consequences, has not met with an abler alvocate : but I doubt not your lordships' determination will convince the world, that a bill, calculated to contribute so much to the equal distribution of justice as the present requires with your lordships but very little gupport.

SECTION V:

An address to young persons. I Ixtend, in this address, to show you the importance of be. ginning early to give serious aitention to your conduct. As soon as you are capable of reflection, you must perceive that there is a right and a wrong in human actions. You see, that those who are born with the same advantages of fortune, are not all equally prosperous in the course of life. While some of them, by wise and steady conduct; attain distinction in the world, and pass their days with comfort and honour; others, or the same rank, by mean and vicious behaviour, forfeit the advantages of their birth; involve themselves in much misery ; and end in being a disgrace to their friends, and a bur. den on society. Early, then, may you learn, that it is not on the external condition in which you finc yourselves placed, but on the part which you are to act, that your welfare or unhappiness, your nondur or infamy, depends. Now, when beginning to act that part, what can be of greater inoment, than to regulate your plan of conduct with the most serious attention, betore you bave yet copmitted any fatal or irretrievable errors ? If instead of exerting reflection for this valuable purpose, you deliver yourselves, pp, atso critical

time, to sloth and pleasures; if you refuse to listen to any counsellor but humour, or to attend to any pursuit except that of amusement; if you allow yourselves to float loose and careless on the tide of life, ready to receive any directior wiich the current of fashion may chance to give you; what can you expect to follow from such beginnings ? While so many areund you are undergoing the sad consequences of a litse indiscretion, for what reason shall not thosc consequences extend to you ? Shall you

attaia success without that preparation, and escape dangers without that precaution, which are required of others? Shali happiness grow up to you, of its own accord, and solicit your acceptance, when, to the rest of mankind, it is the fruit of long cultivation, and the acquisition of labour and care?---Deceive not yourselves with those arrogant hopes.

Whatever be your rank, Providence will not, for your sake, reverse its established order. The Author of your bring hath enjoined you

6 to take heed to your ways ; to ponder the paths of your feet; to remeinber your Creator in the days of your youth.” He hath decreed, that they only " who scek after wisdomn, shall find it; that fools shall be afflicted, because of their transgressions; and that whoever refuseth instruction, shall destroy his own soul.” By, listening to these admonitions, and tempering the vivacity of youth with a proper mixture of serious thought, you may ensure cheerfulness for the rest of life ; but by delivering yourselves up at present to giddiness and levity, you lay the foundation of lasting heavinesy of heart.

When you look forward to those plans of life, which either your circumstances have suggested, or your friends have proposed, you will not hesitate to acknowledge, that in order to pursue them with advantage, some previous discipline is requisite. Bcassured, that whatever is to be your profession, no education is more necessary to your success, than the acquireinent of virtuous dispositions and habits. This is the universal preparation for every character, and every statio. in life. Bad as the world is, respect is always paid to virtue. lu the visual course of human affairs, it will be found, that a plain understanding, joined with acknowledged worth, contri. butes more to prosperity, than the brightest parts without pro. bity or honor. Whether science, or business, or public life, be your aim, virtue still enters, for a principal share, into all those great departments of society. It is connected with emivonce, in every liberal art; with reputation in every branch of fair and useful bu iness ; with distinction in etery public

statim. The vigour which it gives the mind, and the weight which it adds to character; the generous sentiments which it breathes; the undaunted spirit which it inspires ; the ardoar of diligence which it quickens; the freedoin which it procures from pernicious and dishonourable avocations ; are the foundations of all that is highly honourable, or greatly successful among men.

Whatever ornamental or engaging endowments you now possess, virtue is a necessary requisité, in order to their sliming evith proper lustre. Feeble are the attractions of the fairest form,, if it be suspected that nothing within corresponds to the pleasing appearance without. Short are the triumphs of wit, when it is supposed to be the vehicle of malice. Bv whatever means you may at first attract the attention, you can hold the esteem, and secure the hearts of others, only by amiable dispositions, and the accomplishments of the mind. These are the qualities whose influence will last, when the Biztre of all that once sparkled and dazzled has passed away:

Let not then the season of youth be barren of improvements, so essential to your future felicity and honour. Now is the seed-time of life; and according to "what you sow, you shall reap."

." Your character is now, under Divine Assistance, of your own forming; your fate is, in some measure, put into your own hands. Your nature is as yet pliant and soft. Hübits have not established their dominion. Prejudices have not pre-occupied your understanding. The world has not had time to contract and debase your affections. All your powers are more vigorous, disembarrassed, and free, than they will be at any future period. Whatever impulse you now give to your desires and passions, the direction is likely to cóntinuie. It will form the channel in which your life is to turi; nay, it inay determine its evenasting issue. Consider then the cmployment of this important period, as the highest trust which shall ever be committed to you; as in a great measure decisive of your happiness, in time, and in eternity. As in the puccession of the seasons, each, by the invariable laws of nature, affects the productions of what is next in course; so, w human life, every period of our age, according as it is well or ill spent, influences the happiness of that which is to follow. Virtuous youth gradually brings forward accomplished and flourishing manhood; and such manhood passes of itself, without uneasiness, into respectable and tranquil old age. But when nature is turned out of its regular course, disorder takes place in the motul, just as in the vegetable world.

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ihe spring put forth no blossoms, in summer there will be no beauty, and in autumn, no fruit: so, if youth be trifled

away without improveinent, manhood will probably be contemptible, and old age miserable. If the beginnings of life have licen “vanity,” its latter end can scarcely be any

other than .. vexation of spirit.”

I shall finish this address, with calling your attention to that dependence on the blessing of Ficaven, which, amidst al! your endeavours after improvement, you ought continually to prescive.

It is too coinmon willy the young, even when they resolve to tread the path of virtue and honour, to set out with presumptuous confidence in themselves. Trust::g to their own abilities for carrying them successtilly vrough life, they are careless of applying to God, or of derivmg any assistance from what they are apt to reckon the gloomy discipline of religion. Alas! how li{tle do they know the dangers which await them! Neither human wisdom, nor human virtue, unsupported by religion, is equa! to the trying situations which often occur in life. By the shock of temptation, how frequently have the most virtilous intentions been overthrown?. Under the pressure of risaster, how often bas the greatest constancy sun!! “ Every good, and every perfect gift, is from above.” Wisdom and virtiis, ils well as riches and honour, come from God." Destitute of his favour, vou are in no beiter situation, with all your Boissted abilities, than orphans leit to ikander in a trackless desert, without any guide to conduct incin, or any shielter to cover them froin the gathering storm. Correct, then, this ill-founded arrogance. Expont not, that your happiness can be independent of Him who inade you. By faith and repentance, apply to the Redeemer of the world. By picty and prayer, seek the protectio! of the God of heaveil. I conclude with the solemn words, in which a great prince delivered his dying charye to his fon: words, which every young person ought to consider as addressed to himself, and to engrave deeply on his heart : “ Solomon, my son, know thou the God of thy fathers; and serve him with a perfect heart, and with a willing inind. For the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts. If thou seek hiin, he will be found of the ; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee of for ever."

BLAIR.

CHAP. IX.

PROMISCUOUS PIECES.

SECTION I.

Earthquake af Calabria, in the year 1638. Ax account of this dreadful earthquake, is given by the Jebrated father Kircher. It happened whilst he was on

8 journey to visit Mount Etna, and the rest of the wonders : at lie towards the South of Italy. Kircher is considered,

scholars, as one of the greatest prodigies of learning.

“ Having hired a boat, in company with four more, (two ni irs of the order of St. Francis, and two seculars,) we la uched from tkie harbour of Messina, in Sicily; and arrived, the same day, at the promontory of Pelorus. Our destination was for the city of Euphæmia, in Calabria ; where we had sove business to transact; and where wc designed to tarry for some time. lloweve, l'rovidence seemed willing to cross our design; for we we o obliged to continue three days at Pelorus, on account of the weather; and though we often put out to sea, yet we were as often driven back.

At length, wearied with the delay, we resolved to prosecute our voyage; and, although the sea

seemed more than usually agitated, we ventured forward. The gulf of Charybdis, which we approached, seemed whirled round in such a manner, as to form il vast hollow, verging to a point in the centrc. Proceeding onward, and turning my eyes to Ætna, i saw it cast forth large volumes of smoke, of mountainous sizes, which entirely covered the island, and blotted out the very shores from my view. This, together with the dreadful noise, and the suphurous stench which yas strongly perceived, filled me with apprehensions, that some more dreadful calamity was impending. The sea itself seemed to wear a very unusual

appear ance: they who have seen a lake in a violent shower of rain, covered all over with bubbles, will conceive some idea of its agitations. My surprise was still increased, by the calmness and serenity of the weather; not a breeze, not a cloud, which Inight be supposed to put all nature thus into motion. I therefore warned my companions, that an earthquake was apprope hing; and, after some time, making for the shore with all possible diligence, we landed at Tropæa, happy end thank ful for having escaped the threatening dangers of the sea."

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