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additional advances advantage agricultural already amount bank become benefit bills called capital carried cause circulating circumstances cloth commodities competition condition consequence considerable considered consumed continue cost cultivation demand depends desire diminished economy effect employed employment enable England English equal equivalent exchange existing expense exports extent fact fall farmer fixed foreign France gain give given greater hands human imports improvement income increase individual industry interest kind labour land least less limited lower manufacture materials means natural necessary never object obtained operations paid payment permanent persons population portion possession practice present principle produce profit proportion purchase quantity question raise reason receive rent rise saving society soil sufficient supply suppose things tion trade unless usually wages wealth whole
Сторінка 423 - Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in the manner in which it is most likely to be convenient for the contributor to pay it.
Сторінка 424 - Thirdly, by the forfeitures and other penalties which those unfortunate individuals incur who attempt unsuccessfully to evade the tax, it may frequently ruin them, and thereby put an end to the benefit which the community might have derived from the employment of their capitals. An injudicious tax offers a great temptation to smuggling. Fourthly, by subjecting the people to the frequent visits and the odious examination of the tax-gatherers, it may expose them to much unnecessary trouble, vexation,...
Сторінка 414 - If the earth must lose that great portion of its pleasantness which it owes to things that the unlimited increase of wealth and population would extirpate from it, for the mere purpose of enabling it to support a larger, but not a better or a happier population, I sincerely hope, for the sake of posterity, that they will be content to be stationary, long before necessity compels them to it.
Сторінка 76 - It is impossible to pass very quickly from one kind of work to another, that is carried on in a different place, and with quite different tools. A country weaver, who cultivates a small farm, must lose a good deal of time in passing from his loom to the field, and from the field to his loom. When the two trades can be carried on in the same workhouse, the loss of time is no doubt much less.
Сторінка 414 - Hitherto it is questionable if all the mechanical inventions yet made have lightened the day's toil of any human being.
Сторінка 105 - This is partly intelligible, if we consider that only through the principle of competition has political economy any pretension to the character of a science.
Сторінка 492 - But it cannot be expected that individuals should, at their own risk, or rather to their certain loss, introduce a new manufacture, and bear the...
Сторінка 192 - ... people, is often afraid to send her son to school at a seaport town, lest the sight of the ships and the conversation and adventures of the sailors should entice him to go to sea. The distant prospect of hazards, from which we can hope to extricate ourselves by courage and address, is not disagreeable to us, and does not raise the wages of labour in any employment.
Сторінка 331 - Gold and | silver having been chosen for the general medium of circulation, they are, by the competition of commerce, distributed in such proportions amongst the different countries of the world as to accommodate themselves to the natural traffic which would take place if no such metals existed, and the trade between countries were purely a trade of barter...