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Adam Smith advantage agricultural labourers agricultural produce amongst amount of capital Australia bank notes Bank of England bills of exchange BOOK causes cent chapter circulating capital circulation circumstances classes commodities competition consequently considerable cooperative cost of labour cotton creased cultivation demand diminished division of labour duction effect employed employers England English equalising exerted expensive exports farm farmer fertile France greater important improvements income income-tax increased India industry influence instance invested iron labour and capital land landlord laws less loan machinery manufactured ment metayer nation obtained paid particular peasant proprietors political economy population portion possess precious metals principle production of wealth purchase quantity rate of interest rate of profit realised regard regulated remarked remuneration rent rise sacks of wheat saved silver slave society supply supposed tenant tion tivation trade value of gold wage-fund wages workmen
Сторінка 499 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities ; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Сторінка 52 - ... the invention of a great number of machines which facilitate and abridge labour, and enable one man to do the work of many.
Сторінка 148 - Employment is much more constant in some trades than in others. In the greater part of manufactures, a journeyman may be pretty sure of employment almost every day in the year that he is able to work. A mason or bricklayer, on the contrary, can work neither in hard frost nor in foul weather, and his employment at all other times depends upon the occasional calls of his customers. He is liable, in consequence, to be frequently without any.
Сторінка 182 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him a nine years lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 530 - Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in the manner in which it is most likely to be convenient for the contributor to pay it.
Сторінка 500 - Thirdly, by the forfeitures and other penalties which those unfortunate individuals incur who attempt unsuccessfully to evade the tax, it may frequently ruin them, and thereby put an end to the benefit which the community might have received from the employment of their capitals.
Сторінка 142 - The elephant is reckoned the slowest breeder of all known animals, and I have taken some pains to estimate its probable minimum rate of natural increase; it will be...
Сторінка 531 - Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as Little as possible, over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state.
Сторінка 54 - A man commonly saunters a little in turning his hand from one sort of employment to another. When he first begins the new work, he is seldom very keen and hearty ; his mind, as they say, does not go to it, and for some time he rather trifles than applies to good purpose.