Stellar Remnants: Saas-Fee Advanced Course 25. Lecture Notes 1995. Swiss Society for Astrophysics and Astronomy

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Springer Science & Business Media, 3 груд. 1996 р. - 340 стор.
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Three eminent scientists, each well known for the clarity of their writing, present for students and researchers what is known about the internal structure, origin and evolution of White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars and Black Holes, all objects at the final stage of stellar evolution. They cover fascinating topics such as pulsation of white dwarfs, millisecond pulsars or the dynamics around black holes. The book is written for graduate students in astrophysics, but is also of interest to professional astronomers and physicists.
 

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Зміст

White Dwarf Stars
1
11 White Dwarfs as Useful Stars
2
13 The Main Channel
3
14 Why Such a Narrow Mass Distribution?
4
Observed Properties of White Dwarfs
6
22 Finding White Dwarfs
7
23 White Dwarf Colors and the White Dwarf Luminosity Function
8
24 White Dwarf Optical Spectra
10
32 The Equation of State
142
33 Stability of Stars
147
34 Neutron Star Models
149
35 The Observed Masses of Neutron Stars
155
36 Exotic States of Matter
157
37 Cooling of Neutron Stars
163
The Progenitors of Neutron Stars
167
41 Pulsar Birth Rate
171

25 Distribution of Spectral Types with Effective Temperatures
16
26 Magnetic White Dwarfs
19
27 Pulsating White Dwarfs
20
Physics of White Dwarf Interiors
21
32 Heat Transport in Degenerate Matter
28
33 Nonideal Effects
30
34 Specific Heat
31
White Dwarf Formation and Early Cooling
32
42 Departure from the AGB
36
43 The PNN Phase
39
44 Nuclear Shutdown and Neutrino Cooling
41
Chemical Evolution of White Dwarfs
43
51 Diffusive Processes
44
52 Accretion of Fresh ISM vs Mass Loss
47
53 Convection
48
54 Chemical Evolution Scenarios
50
White Dwarf Cooling and the White Dwarf Luminosity Function
52
Neutrinos and Crystallization
54
63 Realistic Cooling Calculations
55
64 Construction of Theoretical Luminosity Functions
58
65 The Age of the Galactic Disk
59
Nonradial Oscillations of White Dwarfs Theory
61
71 Review of Observations
62
73 Local Analysis and the Dispersion Relation
66
75 Mode Trapping
67
76 Rotational and Magnetic Splitting
69
77 The Seismological Toolbox
70
Pulsating White Dwarfs
71
82 PG 1159 Stars and Pulsating PNNs
72
A Pulsating DB White Dwarf
76
84 The ZZ Ceti Stars
78
92 The White Dwarf Luminosity Function and Our Galaxy
82
93 White Dwarfs and Cluster Ages
83
94 The Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function and Galaxy Distances
84
95 Driving and Damping of Pulsations and Convective Efficiency in White Dwarfs Ceti Stars
87
96 Final Thoughts
90
References
91
Neutron Stars
96
12 Why Are the Stars as They Are?
99
13 White Dwarfs
101
14 Can All Stars Find Peace?
104
15 Neutron Stars and Supernovae
107
16 Black Holes
109
The Nature of Pulsars
110
22 The Pulsar Population
111
24 Pulsars as a Dynamo
117
25 The Near and Wind Zone
118
26 The Dipole Radiator
121
Breakdown of the Gap
123
28 Coherence of the Radio Radiation
125
29 Period Evolution Death Line
126
210 HighFrequency Radiation
128
211 The Crab Nebula
133
The Physics of Neutron Stars
139
31 Internal Structure
140
43 Do Pulsars Trace Spiral Arms?
177
Binary Pulsars
181
51 Spinning Up a Star
185
52 The Population of Binary Pulsars
189
54 Pulsar Velocities
191
55 Migration from the Plane
193
56 The Origin of Pulsar Velocities
194
Millisecond Pulsars
196
61 The Moral of Millisecond Pulsars The Progenitors of Millisecond Pulsars
200
62 A New Population of GammaRay Sources?
204
Magnetic Field Evolution
205
71 The Nature of the Field
206
72 Field Decay
209
73 Mechanism of Field Decay
213
Glitches
218
Plate Tectonics
224
91 Stresses on the Crustal Lattice
225
92 Plate Tectonics
228
Acknowledgements
232
Black Holes
237
A Nonrotating Black Hole
239
22 Schwarzschild Gravitational Field
240
23 Motion of Photons Along the Radial Direction
243
24 Radial Motion of Nonrelativistic Particles
244
25 The Puzzle of the Gravitational Radius
245
26 R and T Regions
248
27 Two Types of TRegions
250
28 Gravitational Collapse and White Holes
251
29 Eternal Black Hole?
254
210 Black Hole Celestial Mechanics
258
211 Circular Motion Around a Black Hole
261
212 Gravitational Capture of Particles by a Black Hole
263
213 Corrections for Gravitational Radiation
264
A Rotating Black Hole
266
32 Gravitational Field of a Rotating Black Hole
267
33 Specific Reference Frames
269
34 General Properties of the Spacetime of a Rotating Black Hole Spacetime Inside the Horizon
275
35 Celestial Mechanics of a Rotating Black Hole
278
37 Motion of Particles off the Equatorial Plane
281
Electromagnetic Fields Near a Black Hole
284
42 Maxwells Equations in the Neighborhood of a Rotating Black Hole
285
43 Stationary Electrodynamics
287
44 Boundary Conditions at the Event Horizon
296
45 Electromagnetic Fields in Vacuum
301
46 Magnetosphere of a Black Hole
304
Some Aspects of Physics of Black Holes Wormholes and Time Machines
311
Observational Appearance of the Black Holes in the Universe
312
62 Disk Accretion
315
63 Black Holes in Stellar Binary Systems
317
64 Black Holes in Galactic Centers
320
65 Dynamical Evidence for Black Holes in Galaxy Nuclei
322
Primordial Black Holes
324
Acknowledgements
327
Index
335
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