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interest and co-operation, but no—thus far they have the same anxiety for place, prestige and control, the same ideals and ambitions, the same habits, recreations and dissipations as the rich whom they curse and they will so remain until they have experienced the drill and practice of living socially-co-operatively.

One pleasant thing about Marxian Socialism is that its adherents do not need to assume a superior virtue. We recognize that we of the working class have as many failings as the capitalists, perhaps a few extra ones on account of our less favorable environment. It is no doubt true that collectivism, if arrived at through social evolution, would in turn develop more agreeable traits of character. But history shows that if it comes it will come not through agreeable traits, but through the overthrow of the capitalist class.

The talk stage of socialism requires no sacrifice, no submergence of the ego, no higher social conscience. The Christian church has talked charity, generosity, brotherhood, for two thousand years and yet we are a race of grafters-hypccrites, proving the utter failure of the talk method.

Not so bad, but the real moral is that we had better get together and take the things which the capitalists have and we want.

People do not do as told when they are talked to. They do not even live right when they talk right.

Very, very true. So instead of giving moral advice let's “take keer of the stummicks," as our friend Mrs. Nome suggests. If we all could be sure of enough to eat, would it not be easier to "live right”-whatever that may mean?

Local Portland's Proposed Referendum. Local Portland (Oregon) has proposed an amendment to the constitution of the Socialist Party, to be adopted by referendum, and as we go to press it is awaiting the necessary number of seconds before being put to vote. The gist of the motion is that the National Executive Committee, which now consists of seven members, who serve without pay, except $3.00 a day and expenses when actually attending meetings, be changed by making the National Secretary a member of the committee with six others, he to receive $1,500 a year, as at present, and the others to receive $90 a month. It also provides that these seven carry on the work of the office, with such additional help as may be required. Only one member is to be eligible from any one state.

Some of the minor details of the amendment are open to criticism. It still makes possible the election of the committee by a smal majority of the membership, which was one of the worst faults of the ola constitution. No one not nominated by at least ten locals in at least three different states has much chance of election, and if the choice is to be by plurality, the names of those known only by their immediate neighbors should be kept off the ballot. But the chief effect of the motion merits further discussion. It is that if this proposition carries, no one can serve on the committee who is not willing to give up his previous occupation and work eight hours a day for $90 a month during his term of office. This would exclude all but proletarians, unless in the case of an enthusiast willing to serve on the same terms as proletarians. We believe the plan would work well, but every detail should be thoroughly considered before it is pressed to a vote.

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ENGLAND. Social Democrats and La- There are two ways of escape from borites. An outsider should exercise a this situation. One is the oft suggested good deal of care in discussing the pres- union with the Labor Party. This would ent situation in England. The reports expose socialism to dangers, but it would of those on the ground are extremely bring socialists into vital connection with contradictory. But one thing seems cer- the great body of the proletariat and so tain, and that is that members of all the inspire them with the possibilities of socialistic parties are dissatisfied. For new activity. The other plan is more example, the local organization of the conservative. It is proposed to escape Independent Labor Party at Newcastle- from being a mere propaganda organizaon-Tyne has come out for Social Demo- tion by being a better propaganda orcratic tactics. It is easy to see that thou- ganization. Central organization, more sands of union men have been disappoint- intelligently managed meetings, etc., ed by the slenderness of the results might give to the party the power and achieved by their parliamentary group. ambition necessary to its salvation. At It has stuck too close to the Liberals, any rate it is agreed on all hands that has exhibited a docility unworthy of its the present conditon of affairs is unsatgreat constituency. It has not even isfactory. dared to stand for universal suffrage. The New Taff Vale Decision. Again

On the other hand voices of protest English labor finds itself face to face are not lacking within the ranks of the with the courts. Though already much Social Democratic Party. Of course it is discussed it seems worth while to set generally recognized that the S. D. P. down the outlines of the decision in the has done good service. It has helped case of Osborne vs. The Amalgamated popularize a long list of unpopular causes Union of Railway Servants. It is well -eight-hour day, free schools, poor-re- known that the members -of Parliament lief, etc. More than this, it has now receive no salaries. So in order to make in the field an army of trained and de- labor representation at all possible the voted propagandists. Yet few seem to unions have levied special taxes and so be satisfied with its position or pros- secured funds to support the members pects. With all its 'fruitfulness the sent up to the House of Commons. Mr. party has not grown. This is how one Osborne is a prominent union official and correspondent of Justice puts the case: at the same time a Conservative. He "Far too many branches have become objected to the special tax, and when crystallized into little groups of propa- in 1904 he was put up for election he 'gandists carrying on the usual number appealed to courts for protection. The of meetings, weekly or monthly, with case was decided against him, appealed, no thought beyond that, and little or and finally, on the 31st of December, deno welcome for the newcomer who is cided in his favor. The basis of the de. not a budding orator or at least an as- cision is a law of 1871 which outlines the pirant to the chair."

functions of labor unions. It is stated


there that unions have for their prov. ince “to maintain wages, make collective contracts and assure to members cer. tain benefits of co-operation.” The judges held that this designation of functions is exhaustive, that the unions have no business to meddle with things not nominated in the bond. Hence they have no right to tax their members for the support of representatives in parliament. Just how the unions will meet the decision it is impossible to say. No doubt they will attempt to secure modification of the law of 1871.

As to India. There are to be reforms in India. Hence there is new excitement. The new measures are the old story over again. Papers have been suppressed, patriots have been exiled, student agitators have been flogged. The Hindus do not take kindly to this sort of treatment; something must be done. do the Liberal government has devised a plan. A few Hindus--the most influential and dangerous ones—are to be taken into the government service. Through their connivance Mr. Morley hopes to keep his policies going. Like most Liberal measures this one gets nobody's approval. Some favor the ironhand treatment, others advocate real concessions. The significant fact is that the natives themselves continue profoundly dissatisfied. One of their most peaceful leaders has recently said: “The mistake has been to suppose that all the educated Indians want is a few more posts under the government. Very soon it will be made manifest that the discontent lies much deeper, and that, sooner or later, the Indians in a body will be as irreconciliable as we Nationalists are said to be today. We are no party to the campaign of assassination, but we have a cause to further, and if England will not help us to attain our objects in a peaceful manner .there will be no peace for England and India. The movement that has begun

will go on, and not all the regiments of England will suppress it.”

Unemployment. Those Americans who cast longing cyes on English methods of poor-relief will find food for reflection in certain figures recently given out by John Burns, Between March 1st and December 11th, it appears, the number of “worthy” out-of-work registered at the London labor exchanges was 115,195; and the number of situations filled during the same period was 18,172. In thirteen provincial exchanges the number of persons registered was 28,403; the number of situations filled was 3,893. If these exchanges do not furnish work for the majority of the unemployed they at least furnish official proof of the breakdown of capitalism. The government formally acknowledges that society has made no provision for the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of its members.

AUSTRALIA. The First Labor Daily. On November 2nd Barrier Truth, Broken Hill, became Barrier Daily Truth. I told last month of the affiliation of the unions of Broken Hill. The new daily is owned and controlled directly by the combined unions. And a very respectable and useful daily it promises to be. In the first place it is a newspaper, an excellent newspaper, with an exceptionally good foreign service. In its editorial department it continues to stand squarely for socialism and industrial unionism.

The new daily came just in time to serve the miners in a crucial struggle. This occurred early in November. The men decided to strike for better wages and conditions. So well was their move managed by Tom Mann that they won without actually quitting work. At Port Pirie a strike finally took place involving several thousand men. At the time of the publication of the last papers which have arrived this was still in progress.

A Labor Cabinet. Rather unexpectedly Australia finds itself with a Labor cabi.

net at the head of the government.

chased the ancient seat of the dukes of Former Premier Deakin depended on the Pajar. Since then they have rebuilt this Laborites for his majority. But he historical structure to suit their needs. proved so lukewarm in his support of Thus remodeled it promises to serve adlabor measures-especially in his execu- mirably as a center of socialist activity. tion of the old-age pension law-that It is to contain co-operative stores and the Laborites deserted him and he fell. cafes, an assembly hall, and offices for The representatives of labor were the party organizations and labor unions. only ones who could be asked to form The dedication took place with characa new government, though, strange to teristic Spanish pomp and ceremony Nov. say, they have no majority to fall back 28-30. A great procession marched from upon. So Mr. Fisher became the head the old quarters to the new. Pablo Igleof the new cabinet. This is the second sias, the venerable leader of Spanish sotime the Laborites have been in power. cialists, delivered a notable address. His But they have made such advances since review of the development of the national their first period of supremacy that ev- movement closed with the prophecy that eryone is curious to see what they will within twenty years socialism would be do. The Melbourne Worker probably represented by the largest party in Spanexpresses the wish of the most advanced ish politics. El Socialista, the official wing of the party when it hopes that the party organ, celebrated the occasion with new ministry will be so actively anti- a special edition containing a hand some capitalistic that its reign will be short. cut of the building.

GERMANY. Mine Legislation. For a HUNGARY Party Convention. On long time there has been serious dis- December 6 there met at Buda-Pest a content among German miners. In 1907 special convention of the Social Demothere were 11,382 killed or wounded in cratic Party of Hungary. mine accidents within the empire. There now Hungarian socialists have been fightis only a farcical inspection, and con- ng for a modern electoral system; and ditions in general seem to resemble those

at one time they thought the battle with which we are familiar in this coun

was won. The King had promised them try. Recently a great disaster has called direct, secret and universal male sufattention to the whole matter. What

frage. But now, under the influence of the men have long been contending for the same reactionary tendency which exis control of mining construction- hibits itself in his aggressive foreign shafts, tunnels, etc.—by a joint commis- policy, he has taken it all back. The sion of workingmen and operators. The law which he proposes for enactment latter are frankly opposed to this plan provides for an indirect and public baland, in fact, to any legislation on the lot. Against this the socialists throw subject. The men are very much wrought themselves with all their force, and the up just now. In fact the secretary of special convention was called to formuthe Miners' unions prophesies that if late their opinion. A denunciatory resono steps are taken 700,000 men will go 'ution was adopted and the people everyon strike and so tie up the industry where were called upon to rise in proof the entire nation.

test. Incidentally the occasion was utilSPAIN. La Casa del Pueblo. About a ized to denounce the Austro-Hungarian year ago the Socialists of Madrid pur- policy toward Turkey.

For years

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