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Nelson, esquire, and Sir Thomas Hallifax. The present als derman is Sir John William Anderson, bart, one of the representatives in parliament for the city.

FARINGDON WARD WITHIN. This vast tract of ground which includes the two wards of Faringdon, took its name from William Farendon, alderman and goldsmith, who purchased it of Ralph le Feure, in the year 1279 ; and by its continuance in that family for a long space of time, took the family name which it still retains. The extent of this ward is best known by its precincts, which are as follow: St. Peter, St. Matthew, Goldsmiths Row, Sadlers Hall, Gutter Lane, St. Austin, St. Michael le Quern North and South, St. Faith Paternoster Row, Ditto St. Paul's Church Yard, north and south precinct of St. Martin Ludgate, first and second precincts of Christ Church, St. Ewin, St. Sepulchre, Monkwell, and St. Anne Blackfriars. The government is by an alderman, seventeen common council men, nineteen constables, seventeen inquest men, and two ward beadles. Aldermen of eminence were, Sir Patience Ward, Sir Richard Brocas, and William Bridgen, esquire. The present alderman is Thomas Smith, esquire.

BREAD STREET WARD, so called, from a bread market formerly kept in that street, contains part of Watling Street, Bread Street, Friday Street, Distaff Lane, part of Basing Lane, with the east side of the Old Change, from the corner of St. Austin's Church to Old Fish Street, and the north side of Old Fish Street and Trinity Lane, with that part of the south side of Cheapside, between Friday Street and Bow Church, comprized in thirteen precincts, under the governmeut of an alderman, twelve common council men, thirteen constables, thirteen inquest men, and a ward beadle. Several eminent characters have been aldermen of this ward, Sir Henry Tulse, Sir Edward Clark, Sir Richard Hoare, Sir Robert Baylis, Sir Stephen Theodore Jansen, and Brass Crosby, esquire. The present alderman is John Ainsley, esquire.

QUEENHITHE WARD, named from a harbour for large boats, lighters, barges, and even ships, which antiently anchored at that place, as the principal key for lading and unlading in the heart of the city, and for which dues were paid to the queens of England. The principal streets and lanes in this ward are Queenhithe, a part of Thames Street, from Bennet's Hill to Towsend's Lane, Lambert Hill, Five-foot Lane, Bread Street Hill, Hugging Lane, Little Trinity, and the south side of Great Trinity Lane, and Old Fish Street, divided into nine precincts; the ward is under the government of an alderman, six common council men, nine constables, thirteen inqueșt men, and a ward beadle. Among the eminent persons who have borne the office of aldermen, the following are selected, Sir John Fryer, Marshe Dickenson, esquire, and Frederick Bull, esquire. The present aldermin is Thomas Skinner, esquire.

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CASTLE BAYNARD WARD is so called from an antient castle which formerly stopd on the bank of the river, and of which an ample account will be given. Its principal streets are the south end of Thames Street, St. Peter's Hill, St. Bennet's Hill, Addle Hill, Knight Rider Street, Paul's Chain, Carter Lane, the east side of Creed Lane, and Warwick Lane, divided into ten precincts, under the government of an alderman, ten common council men, nine constables, fourteen inquest men, and a ward beadle. The following eminent persons were aldermen in the last century, Sir Thomas Rawlinson, Johu Barber, esquire, and Sir Robert Ladbroke. The present alderman is Joshua Jonathan Smith, esquire.

FARINGDON WARD WITHOUT, is the farthest west of the city liberty, and is bounded on the north by the Charter House, Clerkenwell, and St. Andrew's parish without the freedom; on the west by Pickett Street, in St. Clement's parish, and High Holborn; on the south by the river Thames; and on the east by Faringdon Within, the precinct of St. Bartholomew, near Smithfield, and Aldersgate ward. It is divided into fourteen precincts, being under the government of an alderman, sixteen common council men, twenty-three constables, forty-eight inquest men, and four ward beadles. Among the eminent aldermen of this ward were Sir Dudley North, Sir Francis Child, Sir Robert Child, Sir Francis

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Child, Sir Richard Hoare, Sir Francis Gosling, and John Wilkes, esquire. The present alderman is Sir Charles Price, bart. one of the representatives of the city in partiament.

BRIDGE WARD WITHOUT forms the twenty-sixth ward of the metropolis; and comprizing the borough of Southwark, will be more fully treated of under that division. Present alderman Sir Watkin Lewes, Father of the City.

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From the ROYAL EXCHANGE, through Cornhill, Leadenhall Street,

Minories, to Tower Hill, thence through Thames Street to London
Bridge, Gracechurch Street, Little East Cheup, Tower Street to
Crutched Friars, Fenchurch Street and Gracechurch Street to Corn-
hill; comprizing great part of the wards of Cornhill, Lime Street,
Aldgate, Portfoken, Tower, Bridge, Candlewick and Langbourn.

WE now proceed to a more minute description of the metropolis, and in order that it may be more accurately described, we shall divide the whole circuit into distinct

perambulations, so that no part of any consequence, can possibly be omitted. The point of direction in the city will be from the Royal Exchange; the city and liberty of Westminster from Charing Cross ; Southwark from St. Margaret's Hill; the various parishes comprized within the buildings of the metropolis, extending from Shoreditch to Newington Butts, and from Limehouse to Chelsea, will commence from the abutments at each of the public streets; and lastly the various towns and villages in the vicinity, to the extent of thirty miles distance.

When marshal La Condamine first saw the pavement of the city of London, it is said that he fell upon his knees, and exclaimed, “God be praised ! this is a country in which foot-passengers pass for something !"

In the spirit of such a sentiment, and in the hope that our labour may consummate every wish, we boldly attempt an arduous.task to ourselves, but to our readers, a fund of use. ful and instructive information,

The

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