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Military fans, with swords and bayonets., · Bayonets and pistols put up in the form of military fans and half moons, with the imitation of a target in the centre, made up of bayonet blades. These bayonets, of which several other fans are composed, were of the first invention, having plug handles, which go into the muzzle of the gun instead of over it. This weapon was invented at Bayonne, whence its name is derived.
Arms taken at Bath in the year 1715. These are distinguished from all others in the Tower, by having what they call dog-locks, or catches, to secure them from going off at half cock.
At the new end of the room a display of pikes and swords, in imitation of a triumphal arch.
A beautiful eagle, holding the rose and crown in the centre of pistols.
Two beautiful figures of a lion and unicorn, in a circle of pistols and square of muskets.
An eagle, ornamented as before.
The arms of the Highland rebels, taken in 1715; parti, cularly the earl of Mar's fine piece, exquisitely wrought, and inlaid with mother of pearl ; and a Highland broad sword, with which a Highlander struck General Evans over the head, and at one blow cut him through his hat, wig, and iron scull-cap; on which that general is said to have shot, him dead; others say he was taken prisoner, and generously, forgiven for his bravery. Here is also the sword of Justice (with a sharp point,) the. sword of Mercy (having a blunt. point,) carried before the Pretender when proclaimed in Scotland in 1715; some of the Highlanders? pistols, the barrels and stocks all iron ; a Highlander's Loughabor axe, said to have been that with which the amiable and pious Co. lonel Gardiner was killed at Preston Pans.
The arms taken from Sir William Perkins, Sir John Friend, Charnock, and others concerned in the Assassination Plot in 1696, to shoot. king William near Turnham, Green, in his way to Hampton Court.
* A pair of folding gates made of old halberts, the archway consisting of pistols ; forinerly in the center hung bandeliers, holding one cartridge each, now replaced by cartouch boxes.
A fine representation in carved work of the star and garter, thistle, rose and crown, ornamented with pitols, &c. and very elegantly enriched with birds, and other creatures.
One of the kind of spears that the unfortunate Captain Cook fell by, at Owhyhee in South America.
Horsemen's carbines, hanging in furbelows and flounces.
On the south side, the last figure that attracts attention, is that of Jupiter, riding in his triumphal car, drawn by eagles, holding a thunderbolt in his left hand, and over his head a rainbow. This figure is finely carved, and decorated with bayonets.
Medusa's head, commonly called the Witch of Endor, within three regular ellipses of pistols, with snakes represented as stinging her. The features are finely carved, and the whole figure well contrived. This figure terminates the north side.
A discerning eye will discover a thousand peculiarities in the disposition of so vast a variety of arms, of which no description can convey an adequate idea ; and therefore it is fit that every one who has a taste for the admirable combinations of art, should gratify that darling passion with the sight of a curiosity, the noblest of its kind.
In various parts of the room are the figures of king John, Henry III. V. and VI. A great many thousand stand of arms are also kept ready for service in the White Tower, and a great quantity of naval and military stores.
Beneath the Small Armory, on a ground floor of equal dimensions, is A ROYAL TRAIN OF ARTILLERY. To see so many, and such various engines of destruction, before whose dreadful thunder, churches, palaces, pompous edifices, the noblest works of human genius, fall together in one common and undistinguished ruin, causes nature to recoil, and excites a wish that such destructive inventions had always remained in the most impenetrable obscurity. H h 2
At the entrance are shewn two copper cannon, three pounders, on wheels, taken from the gate of the governor's house at Quebec.
Two mortars, and upwards of twenty fine pieces of cannon, taken from the French at Cherburgh in the year 1758, of various descriptions.
Two large pieces of cannon employed by Admiral Vernon before Carthagena; they have each a large scale driven out of their muzzles by balls from the castle of Bocca Chica.
Two carved pieces, of excellent workmanship, presented by the city of London to the Duke of Gloucester, Queen Anne's son, to assist him in learning the art of war.
Four small mortars in miniature, for throwing hand granadoes, the invention of Colonel Brown. They are fired with a lock like a common gun.
Two fine brass cannon taken from the walls of Vigo by Lord Cobham, in 1704. Their breaches represent lions couchant, with the effigies of St. Barbara, to whom they were dedicated.
A petard, for bursting open city or castle gates.
A large train of fine brass battering cannon, twenty-four pounders.
A parcel of cannon of a new invention, from six to twenty-four pounders. Their superior excellence consists in their lightness; the twenty-four pounders weighing not quite one thousand seven hundred weight, whereas formerly they weighed five thousand; the rest are in proportion; and in the contrivance for levelling them, which is by a screw, instead of beds and coins. This method as being more expeditious, and at the same time saving two men to a gun, is said to be the invention of William, Duke of Cumberland.
Brass mortars, thirteen inches diameter, capable of throwing a shell of three hundred weight.
A carcase, filled at sieges with pitch, tar, and other combustibles, to fire towns; it is thrown out of an eighteen-inchi mortar, and will burn two hours wherever it happens to fall.
A Spanish mortar, twelve inches diameter, taken on board a ship in the West Indies.
Six French pieces of cannon, six pounders, taken from the rebels at the battle of Culloden, in 1746.
A beautiful piece of ordnance, made for king Charles I. when prince of Wales, highly ornamented.
A train of field pieces, called the galloping train, carrying a ball of one pound and a half each.
A destroying engine, that throws thirty hand-granadoes at once, and is fired by a train.
A curious brass cannon, made for Prince Henry, eldest son to king James I. the decoration of which is said to have cost 2001.
A piece with seven bores, for throwing an equal number of bullets at once: and another with three, made as early as Henry VIIIth's time.
The drum-major's chariot of state, with the kettle-drums placed: this machine is drawn by four horses, at the head of the train, when on a march.
Two French field pieces, taken at the battle of Hochstedt, in 1704.
An iron cannon of the first invention, being bars of irons hammered together, and encompassed from top to bottom with iron hoops, to prevent its bursting. It has no carriage, but was intended to be moved from place to place by means of six rings fixed to it at proper distances.
A buge mortar, weighing upwards of six thousand weight, and throwing a shell of five hundred weight two miles : this mortar was fired so often at the siege of Namur, in the reign of William III. that the very touch-hole is melted, for want of giving it time to cool.
A fine twisted brass cannon, twelve feet long, made in Edward the VIth's time, called by the guides Queen Elizabeth's pocket-pistol.
Two brass cannon, three bores each, carrying six pounders, taken by the Duke of Marlborough at the battle of Ramilies.
A mortar that throws nine shells at a time, out of which the balloons were fired at the great fireworks in 1748.
A very curious brass.cannon, finely carved, weighing fiftytwo hundred weight three quarters eighteen pounds, carrying twenty-four pounders, with Lord Ligonier's armorial bearings, and the names of his majesty's principal officers of ordnance.
Besides those above enumerated, there are in this store room a vast number of brass cannon, all with
sponges, ladles, rammers, hand-spikes, wad-hooks, &c. which line the walls: and under the ceiling hang on poles upwards of four thousand harness for horses, besides mens' harness, drag-ropes, &c. This room has a passage in the middle ten feet wide, on each side of which the artillery are placed. In it are twenty pillars for supporting the Small Armory, hung round with implements of war; and, besides the trophies of standards, colours, &c. taken from the enemy.
The Horse ARMORY. The spectator is here entertained 'with a perfect representation of the illustrious kings and he roes of our own nation, the circumstances of whose gallant actions have rendered them famous; they are equipped on horseback, mostly in the same bright and polished armour they were supposed to wear.
Previously, however, to this exhibition, the spectator's attention is excited by the sight of one of the most complicated machines which the ingenuity of man was ever capable of constructing. This is a perfect model of those astonishing works first erected at Derby by Sir Thomas Lombe, for making organzine or thrown silk. To accomplish this ingenious contrivance, Sir Thomas made two attempts, at the hazard of his life, which by means of a friar he at length effected ; and having obtained the sanction of an act of parliament in 1742, by which fourteen thousand pounds was paid him as a reward for discovering and introducing the said machine, he finally completed it, and brought it into use. The following is a brief account of its parts: It contains 26,586 wheels, and 97,746 movements, which work 93,726 yards of silk thread every time the water wheel goes round, which is thrice in one minute, and 318,504,960 yards in twenty-four hours.