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Page Grandmother Hook,

41 Ross's Voyage of Discovery and Institute, Educational, of Scotland, 409 Heroine, a New, 121 Research in the Southern and Interior of Australia,

14 Hook, Grandmother, 41 Antarctic Regions,

70 Ireland, Sketches of, Sixty Years Incident of Civil War, an, 162 Settlers and Convicts,

44 Ago,

158 India, Dancing-Girl of, 98 Simpson on Chloroform,

393 Irish Poverty, Romance of, 171 Italian's Daughter, the, 338 Sketches of Ireland Sixty Years Jews at Rome, the,

288 Jaguar Hunter, the, 325 Ago,

158 John Knox's House in Edinburgh, 231 Janissaries, Fall of the, 307 Sydney Tracts,

311 Judicial Combats and the Wars of Juvenile Sympathisers, 175 Train's Account of the Isle of Man, 295 Nations,

126 King and the Consul, 246 | Wallbridge's Council of Four, 397 Juvenile Sympathisers,

175 King's Good Night, the, 74 Willm on the Education of the Kent, Hopping in,

25 Lady Lucy's Petition, 381 People, 217 | King's Good Night,

74 Lake Simcoe, Night Adventure Wordsworth's Installation Ode, 93 Labouring Societies,

344 on, 369

Land, Rising and Sinking of, 22 Leper, Armenian, 6

Learned Herdsman of Cosse Little Dancing-Master, the, 257


391 Lost Portrait, by Mrs Crowe, 178 MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES OF IN- Living with Others, Art of, 383 Mackenzie, Narrative of his Escape, 412 STRUCTION AND ENTERTAINMENT. London Cries for Sanitary Reform, 380 Madame Louise, by Mrs Crowe, 289

Louis XIV., Coucher of, Man and Wife, by Anna Maria Ackworth School, Visit to, 151 Mackenzie, Narrative of his Escape, 412 Sargeant,

251 Agriculturists, a Late Meeting of, 318 Manchester Athenæum Soirée, 398 Maria La Fantesca,

143 | Antiquary's Gleanings, an, 342 Message from the Mississippi, 360 Mercy, Privilege of, 30 Arc, Measuring an, 283 Mirage, Chinese,

28 Midnight Journey,' the, by Leitch

Arithmetic, Curiosities of, 207 Miscellany, Conclusion of the, 352 Ritchie, 248 Artificial Cold,

52 Mississippi, Message from the, 360 Night Adventure on Lake Sim Ascent of the Buet,

94 Music for All,

279 coe, 369 | Australia, Interior of,

14 | Music in Sweden,

359 Night at Home, by Leitch Ritchie, 332 Australia, Working-Man in, 44 Musical Copyright,

40 Oak, the, and the Sow, 62 Authors, Punishments of, 78 Newspapers in France,

365 Old Maid from Principle, the, 234 Baboo, the Old,

301 Niagara Falls, Geology of the,

229 Paraguay, Scenes in, 17 Ball, Stranger of the,

13 Occasional NotesPersonal Narrative of the Escape Bequest, Munificent, but Possibly Alderman's Family Sold, 217 of Mackenzie, 412 Useless, 216 Celebrated Simile,

298 Porter's Lodge, Soirée in a, 86 British Association, Meeting of, at Haerlemmer Meer,

297 Portrait, the Lost, by Mrs Crowe, *178 Oxford,

65 Munificent Bequest,

. 216 Prince, the, 49 | Buet, Ascent of the,

Musical Copyright,

39 Prince, the, in Spite of Himself, 319 Chamber of Mystery,

316 Protection against the Sun in Privateers, the, 267 Chiffonier of Paris,


39 Privilege of Mercy, 30 Chinese Mirage, 28 1846 Potato Calamity,

217 Soirée in a Porter's Lodge, 86 Cobden, Mr's, Speech at the Athe Treatment of Royalty on its PeStranger of the Ball, 13 næum Soirée, 398 regrinations,

217 Tenant-Right, the, by Mrs S. C. Cold, Artificial,

52 Tricks of Trade,

277 Hall, 210 Commodore Thurot, 327 Old Baboo,

301 'Tis Useless Trying, 146 Constantinople, Three Weeks Origin of the Railway System,

298 Two Becs, 414 at,

104, 123 Otago, Scottish Colony of, 185 Two Notes of Invitation, 155 Copyright of Music,

40 Oxford, Meeting at, of the British Two Sisters, 132 Curiosities of Arithmetic, 207 Association,

65 Value of Life,

388 Early Days of the Royal Society, 199 Pain, New Means of Producing InYoung Boyard, the, 355 East Smithfield, Free Baths and sensibility to,

393 Wash-houses at, 102 Panic,

350 Edinburgh Convivialia, 200 Parish Schools, Scottish,

136 Education, Female, 54 Pasquin,

107 NOTICES OF BOOKS. Education of Idiots, 169 Philosophy for Farmers,

109 Education, Sketch of the History Poets and Flowers,

10 Amazon River, Edwards's Voyage of,

372 | Punishments of Authors,

78 up the,

166 Educational Institute of Scotland, 409 | Railway System, Origin of the, 298 Art-Union Journal, 238 Elephant Kraal, 349 Recollections of Sardinia,

58 Aubrey's Natural History of Wilt Emigration, Plain Answers to Plain Rising and Sinking of Land in shire, 342 Questions about,

Northern Europe,

22 Autobiography of Rose Allen, 375 Farmers, Philosophy for, 109 Rogers, Sarah, her Heroism, 121 Bachelor of the Albany, 362 Female Education,

54 | Romance of Irish Poverty,

171 British Army at Washington and Flowers and Poets,

10 Royal Society, Early Days of the, 199 New Orleans, 396 | Free Baths and Wash-houses at Runaway Slave, the,

270 China, Meadows on, 28 East Smithfield,

102 Sanitary Reform, London Cries Council of Four, Wallbridge's, 397 French Château, Servants' Hall


380 D'Aubigné's Protector, 97 in a, 203 Sardinia, Recollections of,

58 Education of the People, Willm French Institute,

122 School of Industry, Remarkable, 232 on the, 217 Garden Whimsies,

357 Scotch Colony of Otago, the, 185 Edwards's Voyage up the River Garret Byrne,

187 Scottish Parish Schools,

136 Amazon,

166 | Geology of the Niagara Falls, 229 Sea-Piece, Food, Liebig's Researches on, - 293 Gin Palace,

399 Self-Tormentors, the,

188 Ireland Sixty Years Ago, Sketches Guardsmen, Tastes of the, in Lite Servants' Hall in a French Châof, 158 rature,


203 Ireland's Welcome to the Stran Herdsman of Cosse Daude, Shepherd of the French Plains, ger, by Nicholson, 171 Learned,


316 Isle of Man, Account of, by Train, 295 Hopping in Kent,

25 Skating Regiment, the,

142 Liebig's Researches on Food, 293 Hotels, English and Foreign, 153 Slave Trade,

173 Meadows's Notes on the Govern Hunt, Leigh, Genius and Writings Slave Trade, Facts Respecting the, 275 ment and People of China, 28 of,

96 St Andrews — its Improvements Milne on the Potato Failure, 12 Idiots, Education of,

169 and Improver,

273 Nicholson's Ireland's Welcome to Idiots, Tuition of,

262 Stranger of the Ball,

13 the Stranger,

171 | Immigrant, the Exemplary, 311 Sun in Houses, Protection Against, 40 Potato Failure, Milne on the, 12 India Connection in Past Times, 81 Swift's Illness and his Remains, 302 Protector, D’Aubigné’s, 97 | Institute, French, 122 | Swimming, Aids in,



Page Thief-Making and Thief-Taking, 37 Clothing for the Young,

48 Marvellous Recitals,

384 Thugs, an Industrial Colony of, 232 Coal-Pit Rope, Value of an Old, 368 Method,

160 Thurot, Commodore, 327 Conscience, Cultivation of, 63 Mothers, Anecdote for,

176 Times,' Late Proprietor of the, 284 Content and Discontent,

112 Neighbour, Desirable,

240 Truman Henry Safford, 265 Controversy,

16 Never Give Up,

400 Tuition of Idiots,

262 Cricket, Healthiness of, 240 Notoriety in London, Value of, 384 Turtle Catching, 205 Curious Man, Genuine Conversa Only Try,

128 Velasquez, the Lost, 313 tion of a, 255 Paradoxical People,

192 Visit to a Vegetable Giant, 140 Currency, the,

63 Paternal Duty,

224 Warrington Industrial Schools for Dogmatism,

112 Pestilence, Moral Effects of, 48 Young Women, 271 Donside Factories, 384 Plebeian Heroism,

192 Wars of Nations and Judicial Elixir Vitæ, True,

16 Plenty Finery, but no Air, 144 Combats, 126 England, Scenery of, 64 | Pleurs, Buried Town of,

31 Working-Man in Australia, 44 Example, Value of,

176 Porridge,

64 Female Education, 400 Potato Calamity of 1846,

217 Fine Summer Weather,

144 Religion, Governing Principle of, 320 Fish, Hatching, 400 Rise of a Manufacturing Town,

416 Flattery, 176 | Rising in the World,

335 Folly, Toleration of,

160 Sanitary Laws, Sacredness of the ANECDOTES AND PARAGRAPHS. Fortune, Good and Bad,

Question of,

256 Friend in Need,

80 Schoolmaster, Doom and Guerdon Acidity in Bread, Means of Pre Gas Jets, Natural,

of the,

224 venting, 272 Gipsies, Reclamation of,

351 Ships, English and American, 272 Affections, the, 48 Good for a Goose, 368 Shower Bath, the,

128 Alderman's Family Sold to Pay Heart Tests,

Simile, a Celebrated,

298 his Debts, 217 History,

Small Farming,

367 Animals, Cruelty to, 304 Hook's Hoaxes, 32 Smelting by Electricity,

144 Ants in Peru, 48 Hope of a Future,

271 Sour Milk or Cream, Restoration Ants in South America, 256 Humility, Value of, 304 of,

304 Barrow Beggars, 110 Imagination, Pleasures of, 176 Strength, Loss of,

368 Bayeux Tapestry, the, 160 Indian Superstition,

Success in Life,

416 Bear and Tea-kettle, 384 Ingratitude,

272 Talent, Acquired and Natural, 176 Bide Your Time, 416 Innocence and Guilt, 144 Tea and Coffee,

272 Birds, Imitative Power in, 64 Interments in London, 240 Temper, Female,

304 Bleaching, 176 Jews, Imperishable Features of the, 400 Tests,

400 Bread, Cheapest Yet, 16 Kind Words, 143 | Thought, Propagation of,

48 Buried Town of Pleurs, 31 Knowledge, Diffusion of 399 | Toasts, Improvement in,

336 Burritt, Elihu, Anecdote of, 175 Labour, Waste of,

256 Tobacco,

304 Business and Learning, 16 Labouring Classes, Importance of Tobacco Smoking,

368 Californian Houses, 48 Health to the, 96 Tricks of Trade,

297 Canteens, Suppression of, 303 Land, Effect of Minute Subdivi


64 Charities, Public, 16 sions of, 32 Truth, Necessity of,

80 Child's Question, 272 | Law's Delay, the, 256 Truth, Reverence for,

16 Choice, Unwise, 256 | Learning and Business,

16 | Useless Fancies,

336 Christian Precept, Obeying the Literature and Science, Progress Vagrancy in India, Cure for, 144 Great, 304 of, 176 Who Cannot be Rich?

351 Cleanliness, Humanising Influence Loaves, Small,

43 | Wives, Advice to,

336 of, 80 | Man, a, 224 | Young Men, to,




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fluence of natural scenery upon the human mind, which

we could hardly have hoped for. It occurs in a little What is the use of Beauty? Is it intended merely to work entitled "Settlers and Convicts in the Australian amuse the fancy for a time, and then pall, fade, and be Backwoods,' written by a hard-working self-taught meforgotten? In a system where nothing else is lost, chanic, who was struck with the effect of the localities where all is fitness and coherence, and where each part, in which they laboured upon the character of the conhowever minute, seems as necessary to the whole as a victs. • Inanimate nature,' says he, “is universally single link is to the continuity of a chain, is this qua- lovely in these wildernesses; and a cheerful unprejudiced lity alone without definite meaning or permanent pur eye may often observe strange assimilations going forpose? Analogy is against the supposition; and we ward, in the human character, to the faultless still-life must either set down beauty as an unmeaning super around, which God has retained under his own more im. fluity in the scheme of creation, or else assign it an mediate control.' There is deep, however unconscious, importance commensurate with the space it occupies philosophy in this remark. The beauty of external in our thoughts.

nature is, in truth, the immediate work of God, intended The impressions we receive from external objects are to act morally upon the mind of man. But the mind sufficiently well understood in their momentary effects. must to a certain extent be prepared to receive its imIt is customary, for instance, to say that the beauty of pressions. Beauty, for instance, has had no more effect some still and solitary landscape, coming in amidst the in civilising the Australian savage, than in taming the conflict of the passions, tranquillises the unquiet bosom, kangaroo; whereas, within the heart of even the worst and smooths the wrinkled brow. But if this is correct European convict, there is a hoard of gentle feelings in the particular application, may we not deduce from and holy recollections which, buried though they be it, as a result, that a habitual exposure to similar in- under the accumulations of vice, and folly, and wo, may fluences will have a permanent effect upon the mind ? be drawn forth by the congenial influences of nature. We derive pleasure from a beautiful picture; and if seen This of itself is a sufficient answer to those, if any for the first time, the feeling is exaggerated by surprise such there be, who inquire, What is the use of beauty? and suddenness. At subsequent visits, such adven- Such persons, we presume, would measure the utility titious circumstances grow fainter and fainter, and our of a public park by the extent of its area, by the pleasure becomes more and more calm ; till at length, number of cubic feet of fresh air it presents to the supposing the object constantly present-we view it lungs of the people-ignorant that the health of the without any apparent emotion at all. But it is a mis- visitors depends in as great measure upon the picture take to suppose that the effects of this form of the presented to the eye. They would throw open the beautiful have disappeared with their external pheno- national galleries, the cathedrals, and the palaces, in mena. We feel the picture, without seeing it. We order to improve the mind by facilitating the study of breathe in its invisible presence an atmosphere of styles of art, ignorant that the tendency of such exhibeauty, as unconsciously as we inhale the vital air. bitions is towards a still more important improvement

Beauty, therefore, is not a mere toy of the fancy, but an -that a spirit of beauty hovers amid these pictured important agent in human progress. It is not a luxury, walls and fretted vaults, with healing on its wing! but a necessary. It is not adapted for one class, but All these are large objects-hills and valleys, woods for all. It would be untrue to say that beauty is not and waters, parks, museums, collections of pictures, and studied as an art: but hitherto it has been studied from sublime or elegant edifices; and their influence will be false motives, and in a mean and contracted spirit. Go- obvious in proportion. A walk or ride in a picturesque vernments and municipalities exercise what architec- country, or sail on a river or on the sea, are not merely tural taste they may possess, from some vague idea that beneficial to the body, as is commonly supposed, but a combination of the elegant with the useful is necessary likewise to the mind. Neither do they act upon the to their dignity and character. Rich men lay out their one through the other. The one inhales its aliment or parks and gardens, and fill their houses with agreeable medicine by means of the lungs, or imbibes it by the objects, to gratify their own instinctive yearning after pores of the skin ; while the other depends upon enthe beautiful; and if they extend their care to a cot- tirely different faculties for those images of peace or joy tage or a hamlet, it is merely because these are adjuncts whose province it is to heal the spirit, by elevating it of the physical picture. But no one fancies that beauty above bad and anxious thoughts. Similar wholesome is, in reality, a public good—that it should be followed images will be induced by a museum of specimens, a as a moral virtue—that it should be taught and disse- collection of pictures, or a concert of music, where there minated as a powerful means of making mankind hap- is no fresh air for the nourishment of the body; and the pier and better.

view of a fine cathedral, even when the visitor is a We met, the other day, with an illustration of the in- | wholly uninformed person, will come in as a more in

portant moral adjunct than is commonly supposed to expression is the spiritual part of beauty. An inanithe great truths enunciated at other times from its mate object gives us more or less pleasure, according to pulpit.

the state of mind in which we view it; but, strictly But great objects are not accessible on all occasions. speaking, it has in itself only one expression, one form Few of us, in this hard-working country, can very often and degree of beauty; while in a human being, in walk, or ride, or sail, or go anywhere in search of what is whom spirit dominates over matter, the physical part called, however erroneously, mere amusement. Beauty, takes its character almost exclusively from the mind however, is not confined to places or things: it is omni- within. form and ubiquitous. It exists in the plot of ground The contempt which some people affect for physical before the cottage, as well as in the garden or park; in beauty of face and form, is not only irrational, but in a the flower-pot on the sill—in the tuneful cage hung up certain degree impious. Such beauty is of a higher by the window-in the picture on the wall-in the form kind than that of a star or a flower, on which even the of an article of furniture-in the colour and shape of a most stolid think it decorous to bestow their admira. gown or cap. It is a mistake to blame even the very tion; and when sanctified and sublimed by the holy poorest for the indulgence of taste-or rather it is a light from within, it is undoubtedly the most admir. mistake not to cultivate taste in them as a means of able of all the works of God. But the pleasure it moral improvement. Extravagance in dress, or any gives is entirely dependent on the kind and degree of thing else, has nothing to do with the question of this intermixture of the esoteric and exoteric: a fact beauty; and, at anyrate, the extravagance of the poor which may be placed in a sufficiently obvious light, by is usually confined to matters of quite another kind. supposing a face of absolute perfection in the mould of Preach to them, if you will, of the virtue of economy, the features, yet destitute of one ray of intelligencethe uses of time, the madness of intoxication ; but spare the face of an idiot. This face excites horror instead of the flower—the bird—the picture-the something—the admiration. The deprivation of moral beauty has a nothing---which serve as bonds between them and the similar effect to that of intellectual beauty; and in less universal spirit of beauty. Touch not with irreverent extreme cases than those of utter fatuity or depravity, hand the household gods that consecrate the homes of while fully admitting the physical advantages that may the poor!

be possessed by the features, the pleasure we derive

from them is in exact proportion to that more ethereal A thing of beauty is a joy for ever.'

loveliness perceived by the mind, like all its other ideas, No one can have failed to observe that cleanliness through impressions made upon the senses. and neatness go hand in hand. A woman who is care

Upon these principles might be explained and reconless of the form and becomingness of her dress, is al- ciled certain varieties in Love, which are usually treated, ways an economist in soap and water, if in nothing else ; at least by the grave, as irrational or ridiculous. The and a slattern-a despiser of the virtue of beauty—is as love of a child bas no reference to form or feature. It bad as a pestilence at the fireside. She cannot be care- selects its object by means of an instinct which peneless of her dress and person, without becoming careless

trates beyond the surface, and finds no difficulty in dotof her husband, children, household, and generally of ing upon age, ugliness, and disease. The youth graduall her moral duties. In the present day, more espe- ally forsakes the idols of his infancy as he grows up; cially, there is no excuse for inelegance in dress, nature and the young man, whose natural perceptions are enand simplicity being the rule of fashion. We are in tirely obliterated in the school of the world, attaches clined to think,' says the Quarterly Review on this sub- himself franticly to mere physical beauty. In the course ject, that the female attire of the present day is, upon of years—perhaps not till many years—a change ensues. the whole, in as favourable a state as the most vehement He finds that he has been worshipping a phantom, advocates for what is called nature and simplicity could grasping at a shadow—that his love was a mere deludesire. It is a costume in which they can dress quickly, sion, and his happiness or misery nothing more than walk nimbly, eat plentifully, stoop easily, loll gracefully, a feverish dream. Then comes the triumph of mind and, in short, perform all the duties of life without let

over matter. Then do the plainest features become or hindrance. The head is left to its natural size—the luminous with love in the eyes of the rusé man of the skin to its native purity—the waist at its proper region world. But judging no more by the unerring instinct -the heels at their real level. The dress is calculated of childhood, he is frequently deceived; and on such to bring out the natural beauties of the person, and occasions he feels a pang far more terrible than that each of them has, as far as we see, fair play.' Such with which he had started from the golden visions of being the female costume, a peasant may exercise as youth. But all is at length past—instinct obliterated, much taste in regard to it as a peeress; and as for the lessons of experience forgotten; and the old man colours, thanks to the perfection of our manufactures, returns, with imbecile energy, to the illusions of early the two parties are pretty nearly equal.

life, to dote once more upon physical beauty. There is nothing that shows more completely the

We have now run through a few of the common connection between external and internal beauty, than forms of the beautiful; but the catalogue is capable of the impressions we receive from the human face and almost infinite extension, and might be crowded with form. Habitual bad temper gives the effect of ugliness such incongruous images as are heaped together by a to the loveliest features ; and habitual good temper modern French poet, in his definition of the kindred renders the plainest agreeable and attractive. And

word charm :'-these, be it observed, are the qualities of the features

A charm? It is a vision wove themselves, and do not depend—as is the case with

By passion-an enchantment deepthose of an inanimate object, when a change takes place

The first sweet kiss of bashful love in the impressions we receive from it-upon the mood

The smile that lights an infant's sleep:

It is a yellow leaf the wind of mind of the observer. The handsome features are

Bears wildly from the withered boughadmitted to be correctly chiselled, and the plain features

The calmness of the thoughtful mindto be irregular, if not grotesque; but the character of

The paleness of the thoughtful browboth is changed by something we call expression. This! And so on through a multitude of things, all distinct

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