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in the grave! She was free—this lovely young woman; me the day before; and matters were not mended when and I was about to be chained for life to Grandmother I mentioned frankly some misgivings I had on the score Hook! She saw my agitation, but of course could not of domestic happiness. comprehend its cause.

“Domestic fiddlestick!” cried he. “What more would ** Come,” said she with an angelic smile, “I see you you have than a good estate and a good wife-and a do not like my venerable friend; but I am determined healthy woman to boot, come of a long-winded race, to reconcile you to her. She is a grandmother, it is and as likely as not to lay you beside my old friend true, and therefore not so young as she has been ; but Hook? She is a grandmother already : does not that she wears well—she is indeed particularly healthy; and look well?" I laughed nervously. thus, if you form a friendship for her, it is likely to last " You do not think her too young ?” and the old for many years."

gentleman grinned. Another spasmodic cachinnation. “ That is the misery,” said I—" that is the misery! “ Then what ails you at her — more especially since If she were but like other old women-if she were but you tell me that there is 'a vacancy in your heart?' liable to the common diseases of grandmothers, my fate But here comes a letter from the Court.” And tearing might be endurable!”

open a large old-fashioned-looking missive, presented to "Your fate? What has your fate to do with the him by a servant, he read as follows :longevity of Mrs Hook ?”

“ MY DEAR SIR-I am told that your nephew. has "I am only going to be married to her—that's all ;" arrived; and as he has been reported upon favourably and the absurd announcement was no sooner out of my by one who saw him yesterday, and on whose taste and lips, than the fair stranger broke into peals of laughter, judgment I can rely, I am tempted to say, with the that to my ears, at the inauspicious moment, sounded frankness of my character, that I shall be happy to like the screams of an evil spirit.

make his acquaintance. I am truly grateful for the Pardon me," said she, endeavouring to compose many obliging things I am told he said of me; and I herself ; “I am far too giddy for a And the widow hope one day or other he will find them all realised. kissed her orphan child. “But the idea of a marriage My dearest grandchild sends a pretty little kiss to you between you and Mrs Hook is really too ridiculous. both; and, with best regards, I remain as usual, You appear to be compelled to the sacrifice by circum

GRANDMOTHER Hook." stances; but has the old lady given her consent?”

" There !” cried the old gentleman withr odious tri“Her consent! oh, let her alone for that: it is not so umph—“there is a spirit for you! Why, you dog, you often that a fellow like me comes in the way of a grand will be as happy as the day is long!”. mother. There is no hope of her refusing me; and if *I scarcely heard him, for my thoughts were brooding I refuse her, I may as well hang myself up on one of bitterly over the treachery of the beautiful widow. She those trees.'

had broken her promise, and she had rendered my posi" Why adopt such an alternative? Although pro- tion a thousand times more embarrassing, by persuading bably dependent on fortune, you are not too old to the wretched grandmother that I had been such an ass work and to struggle. If you will not allow poor aged as to say complimentary things about her age, ugliness, Mrs Hook to enrich you, there are fortunes in the and infirmities! It was clear that she was a jilt; that world still to be made by the adventurous and the in- she had only been laughing at my admiration ; and that dustrious."

she was now determined to extract further amusement “Give me a motive,” cried I suddenly, " and I will from my calamities. I resolved, however, to die game ; both dare and suffer! I cannot toil for so poor a meed and telling my uncle that, although well acquainted as fortune ; but place in the distance something worthy with Mrs Hook from report, I desired to see her perof my efforts, something rich enough to reward them, sonally before coming to a final decision, I threw myself something

on horseback, and gallopped straightway to the Court. “What?” said she innocently.

• It was my intention to have asked for Mrs Hook; " Love!” cried I in desperation; and before she but the wily widow was on her guard, for as the door could prevent me, I had caught hold of her hand, and opened, I heard her call to the servant, in her silveriest smothered it with kisses.'

tones, “ Show the gentleman here;" and in another mi• Upon my word!' interrupted the old maid. “This nute I stood once more in the presence of the unknown from a married man-from the husband of Mrs Hook!' of the forest. I found her more beautiful-better dressed

• But he was not married then !' whispered Jemima -younger than the day before ; and as I saw, with softly.

keener appreciation, the treasure I was about to lose • Since you are displeased with such details, pur- for ever, my resentment died away, and deep choking sued the gentleman, 'I shall pass them over. Let it grief took its place. suffice that I spent several hours with the lovely widow; “You forgot your promise,” said I: "you make a that I saw-clearly saw—that only a little time was sport of my misery!” wanting to enable me to gain her affections; and that I • What could I say when questioned ?” replied she at last bade her adieu, extorting a promise that she sweetly. “But what misery do you allude to?-the would not communicate my arrival to Mrs Hook; and misery of marrying a grandmother?” that, when I called at the Court, she would see me alone, “When my heart is devoted to another. But it is that I might have an opportunity of telling her what needless to talk to you, for you are as incapable of had passed between my uncle and me.'

passion as a statue. You could never have loved even Pray, what was the lady's name?' said Miss Je- your husband.” mima, as the lion paused.

You are in some degree wrong ; yet I was so young • I never thought of asking.'

when I was married-only sixteen-that I looked upon “How could you tell that she lived at the Court?' my husband more as a guardian than as a lover. I

* I don't know: I took it into my head ; and it hap- was not quite seventeen when I became a mother.” pened that I was right.'

Is it possible? That is not a great while ago.” . Under all circumstances, you seem to have made “ Greater than you perhaps suppose; for a sound wonderful progress in so short a time!'

constitution and salubrious air are very deceitful. Time is merely a relative word. An hour is occa Would you take me to be well on to thirty-five ?” sionally as long as a day or a month; and a month, in “What became of your child ?” cried I suddenly. other circumstances, passes as quickly as a day or an “ We all marry young in our family," replied the hour. The widow and I became better acquainted widow, hanging her head. “It was my daughter's induring the single interview I have described, than we fant,” she continued, looking up at me with the most should have done in the course of a hundred meetings beautiful blush that ever lit the cheek of a girl," which in ordinary society. But to proceed. I found my re- you gathered yesterday from among the daisies and vered uncle in a very bad temper, as he had expected buttercups; and I am GRANDMOTHER HOOK!”.

• Well, I declare,' said Miss Jemima, as the lion been some little discrepance between the two bridges ; finished, that is as like a romance as any real story the cabbage-tree swinging over the abyss as the pasI ever heard! Only an author would never make his senger stepped, till in the middle it plashed upon the heroine a horrid old thing of thirty-five.'

water. * I am glad, for the sake of morality,' remarked the Having at length reached their destination, they set old maid, that she turned out to be Mrs Hook after to work to fell trees for the future hut, living them. all: only I cannot help thinking it a shocking example selves, in the meantime, in a tent composed of a few for girls to be grandmothers.'

sheets of bark, ‘leaned together, top to top, tent-like,

with one end stopped by another sheet, and the fire a THE WORKING-MAN IN AUSTRALIA.

few feet in front on the ground at the other.' This was

very well in fine weather; but by and by it came on to A young man, who had just finished his apprenticeship rain-with a will. The rain penetrated the roof, and in London, and who possessed a fair knowledge of house- ran through the bottom of the hut like a mill-stream, carpentering, having been informed that higher wages till their beds got thoroughly soaked. Dick, however, were to be obtained in Australia, set sail for the anti- got a flint and steel; and when they had relighted the podes, and in due time reached the town of Sydney. fire, baled out the water, and solaced themselves with Here he learned, on landing, that a letter of credit in plenty of tobacco and tea; they made their beds (luxuwhich he had invested his all-some fifty or sixty riously turning the dry side uppermost), and went to pounds-was worth little or nothing, the person on sleep. whom it was drawn having failed ; and he thus found The next adventure was with bushrangers, two of himself loose upon the world, with a tolerably good whom called at the hut one night, and after a very outfit for one in his station, but a very scanty supply of moral, not to say philosophical conversation-in which cash in his pocket.

the emigrant was told that if he acted as a man, After anxiously seeking employment, and in vain, for whether he were free or bond, he would be respected about three weeks, he fell in accidentally with a cedar- by every man that knew himself'-compelled the mate cutter from the Five Islands, who had been living there to pilot them to the employer's farm. Soon after, they with his family under a few sheets of bark, but who returned with a load of rum, tea, sugar, and tobacco; now wanted a snug little hut run up; and with him the and after eating a hearty supper, set off into the bush emigrant contracted for the job, on consideration of re- with their booty. ceiving L.75 in money, with rations during the time, This job being completed, and the balance of money and the assistance of a convict servant in cutting the paid, it was necessary to look out for farther employ timber and other work. All being arranged, he set out ment; and the adventurer, shouldering his tools and early one morning on foot, with his convict-mate, for other baggage, set forth to walk through the cedar fotheir destination; and in the evening their fatiguing rest. He at length reached a hut, the master of which march was enlivened by an Australian conflagration. wanted a mate in sawing, and here he remained till his . Above us,' to use his own words, the sky was gloomy employer's task was finished. “We used to get up,' and still; all round us the far-stretching forests exposed says he, in the winter, and have our breakfast before a strange and varied pageant of darkness and fire, ac- going to work, on account of the day being so short companied by the crackling of flames and the crash of in the cedar-brush. The lifts in a cedar-brush are falling trees. Here was a bridge over a deep creek, now very heavy. I have often worked for half a-day toempty with summer drought, with all its huge sleepers gether with a lever that I could barely lift into its glowing in red charcoal, and tumbling together into place. Besides this, the only intermission through the heaps in the channel, and carrying down with them the day is one hour at noon for dinner, and perhaps twenty top layer of slabs that, covered with earth, had been the minutes towards the latter part of the afternoon, fifteen roadway; over these we had to leap and clamber as we of which the topman employs in brightening up his could, unless there was some track down across the creek- saw, and the pitman in boiling a couple of pots of tea, bed, by the side of the bridge. Here, again, some huge and throwing the dust out of his pit; the other five old tree came thundering down right across the road, and are occupied in a very active lunch. Both men, if they its boughs, kindling from the opposite side, were in full are smokers, just light their short pipes, and turn to roaring blaze, lighting up everything nigh with ruddy with them in their mouths. If any man can, without brilliance, and throwing into the dense volume of smoke exaggeration, at night say he is as tired as a dog after a above a red semi-transparency. Farther on again, where hard day's run, it is the cedar-sawyer. A striking pecuthe bush was thinner, and the materials for ravage more liarity of the class is their colour, or rather deficiency scanty, the fire had nearly subsided : all was obscure of all colour. A few months' residence and hard work and silent, except some single trunk, off in the bush, in the brush leaves most men as pallid as corpses. hollow, and old, and headless, through whose chimney- Probably this is chiefly the effect of shade, but promoted like barrel went upwards, with fierce steady roar, a further by excessive perspiration ; for it is not necesvolume of flame, and crowds of sparks, into the black- sarily attended by any sensation of illness.' ness of night; and then, all on a sudden, the fire would When this job was completed, his capital amounted reach a cluster of tree-heads, as yet untouched, and go to about L.80, a portion of which he invested in cattle, blazing, and crackling, and leaping through them, until putting them out to pasture to the number of thirtynothing was left for it to devour. The heat was in three, on the thirds ;' that is to say, giving up a third many places intense, and the smoke in others suffocat- of the increase for their keep. His next job was on the ing; whilst snakes, guanas, bandicoots, opossums, &c. banks of the Hawkesbury. Here he found, in passing were crossing the road in every direction, each in its along, the maize or wheaten cake, the joint of pork or natural dumbness, or with its wild weak cry of fear.' beef, and the fragrant pot of tea, always ready for his

The next two nights they passed in huts, where they refreshment, with abundance of pumpkins, preferable, were received with much hospitality. One consisted he says, to any vegetable used in England, and waterof a single apartment formed of bark; while the other melons too delicious to be described in mere words. was a more aristocratic habitation, built of slabs of The native white girls, by a natural association of wood; but in both the fare was good and substantial. ideas, come into the next sentence; and he describes The next day they arrived at a creek, where the only them as being very generally pretty. I do not know means of crossing was a slender cabbage-tree flung from how to account for it, but there is common to them, in bank to bank (the rustic bridge of Australia), which all points, a singularly marked feminine character-a the emigrant found somewhat formidable, till the idea gentle, simple womanliness, that is peculiarly agreeable.' occurred to him of fancying himself walking along the After finishing his enıployment on the Hawkesbury, he joist of an unboarded house.' This exercise of the was cheated of L.20 in the settlement, being compelled imagination was successful, although there must have to take a portion of the amount due to him in cattle,

charged at double the proper price. This is described it was now light, we were nearly as bad off as ever. The as a tyranny, for which the working emigrant has sounds of such a deluge in the night, in the midst of practically no redress.

the brush, are certainly cowing to the spirits ; but one But a worse tyranny followed. On his way back to knows so well that the danger, except from actual Sydney, he was arrested on the road, on pretence that drowning, is next to nothing, and there are such plenhis pass' was forged, and confined all night with every tiful means for escaping by getting up the trees, that, circumstance of hardship and indignity. This, it seems, after all, it makes no very serious impression. The was a common casualty among the working emigrants ; | loneliness and fear of starving were what most affected as likewise the ceaseless and savage floggings to which me: we could not tell but it might last for many days ; the convicts were subjected.

and as long as it lasted, there seemed no hope of getting One evening at Sydney, when loitering at the edge of across the river. On this side we were so surrounded the market wharf-for after his late laborious employ- by brush, that any attempt to get our plank through ments, he could not all at once prevail upon himself to to the high ground was out of the question ; and it was undertake a new engagement-a lad in a boat asked much too deep to wade. The raw chilly air of the him if he was going up the river. • The thought morning, and the water together, made me shiver until directly struck me that I would do so; and the whole I was quite sick, and my mate was not much better. course of my future life was, I may say, immediately We both of us felt that to continue exposed thus, marked out by a single step. This little event was the without food, would soon wear us out, so that we should first of the particular train of circumstances which has not be able to make an effort to save ourselves by constituted my whole subsequent adventures and settled swimming the river. In this undecided and helpless my character. It led, in the first place, to my becoming state we passed the time until nearly noon, the water passionately fond of books; and, again, to my meeting rising higher and higher.' They at length determined with perhaps the only woman I should ever have fallen to drop down the river from tree to tree on their frail in with whose character could have permanently at- bark, and ascend in like manner a creek at some distached me. We pushed off from the wharf, and in five tance, leading up to a part of the country that was not minutes were in the middle of the bay, and cracking inundated; and this they accomplished; but so tired along with a pretty fresh breeze under all the sail (and of the uneasy saddle on which we had now been for rather more) that the boat would carry.' For some many hours, and our legs so benumbed, that we actutime he could find no employment, although wood- ally could not stand on them, but crawled up the range sawing was abundant. He was civilly, nay hospitably to the high road on our knees. I was not well for years treated, but still looked upon with suspicion-because afterwards ; indeed I attribute to the wet and cold of he was not a convict like his neighbours. At length this night an illness I had long subsequently. If I were he fell in accidentally with a young Australian (of to say I have never been entirely well since, I should white parentage), with whom he was destined to work not misstate the fact; and I know of no other cause for a considerable time, and whose sister eventually which I could suppose to have brought about so sudbecame his wife. The reader will probably smile when denly this change for the worse in a constitution hitherto my first remark about my new abode is, that I was no uninjured.' sooner in it, and seated, and had looked about me, than Notwithstanding this accident, they continued workI felt I was at last at home. I have come fully to the ing hard, sending or taking great quantities of timber conclusion, and especially do so the older I am, and the to Sydney, and our intelligent mechanic's little capital more I feel what mind is, that there are certain pre- increasing in proportion. He at length purchased a sentiments derived from reason, yet in themselves far considerable addition to his stock of cattle; and his above what we conceive of the nature and province of friend having likewise some property of the same kind, reason. The next morning, after an hour's stroll, he they set out to look for a run' for them, determining returned into the hut to breakfast, and saw for the first to employ a stockman of their own to look after them. time the very person he had always wanted—this was In this journey they met with some of the miserable clear to him directly he saw her.'

natives. Our night's quarters were rendered still more In the meantime, however, it was necessary to work, memorable and comfortless by the blacks having had and work he and his mate (the future brother-in-law) a battle here that afternoon. Three dead bodies were did with great energy, till in the middle of it they were lying on the flat, with the ghastly grin of those who Hoated off by a sudden rise of the river. The day had have died the hater's death. Two of them had been been sunny, and the night was temperate and still ; killed by body wounds with jagged spears, that had there was, in short, no indication whatever where we torn their way out frightfully; the other's was a headwere of falling weather. Some such, however, there wound with a tomahawk. The weapon had gone right must have been somewhere ; for about an hour after through his mat of woolly black hair into the brain : midnight I was disturbed by R-shaking me, and very little blood had flowed; but the "gins” (black felt on the instant of waking a most unforgetable sen- women) told us he died almost instantly. As I came sation—I felt as if I were lying stretched on a cold in from looking after my horse, I passed them as they dungheap.' It was somewhat worse; for they had little lay cold and prone in the thin misty moonlight, each on more than time to get upon a cedar plank, and save the spot where he had fallen. The wife of one of them themselves, by catching hold of a tree. Where we -a fine, but small Hercules-like figure-sat, or rather were no dead timber of any size could be swept against reclined, by him, sobbing as if her heart would break. us; but we could hear it striking together, and grinding Another was quite a lad; and the other an old grayand crashing in the river, a few yards off. The little bearded man, who had been a great warrior in his day. light we had dazzled our eyes, so that the sky seemed Nobody was near either of them.' a vast dark void. The rats swam boldly up, and got on In this journey, which occupied a month, be passed the plank with us, and numbers of spiders and cen near a true wilderness. “Never-ending forest, with here tipedes were crawling in all directions over both us and and there a little meadow-like spot, covered with the it. In this state we had to continue at least three good coarse grass called " blade of grass ;" a geographical hours ; then day began to dawn. We knew we were surface so varied, wild, and wonderful, that you seem rising by getting more and more near the branches; but to be in another land; great unfathomable gulfs of we had no notion how deep the water had become around woody valley, irregular and bewildering ridges, a flock us. As the deep obscurity of the brush began to be dis- of kangaroo, or a scarcely less wild flock of bush-cattle solved by the dawn, we could discern no vestige of our gallopping down upon you, at a charge pace, to within a hut; and presently, when the light so far increased that few feet, and there standing, encircling and staring at we could see as far as the pit, we discovered that the you, and then, at the first motion of an arm or sound water was up to the bottom of the log that was on, so of a voice, wheeling and tossing their heads, and snortthat there was about six and a-half feet depth. Although I ing and bursting away like a living hurricane through

the crashing bush: such was the scenery.' In such vity afterwards, were the only probable causes for it. wilds it is common for unwary persons to lose them- I may say that, for years, I slept in wet bedding. The selves; and the desolate, treeless plains occasionally met damp is so great in the perpetual shadow of the cedarwith are nearly as dangerous in this respect, the wan- brush, that when, during a more than usually long derer getting speedily out of sight of any intelligible stretch of wet weather, our blankets have become pal. landmark.

pably wet, and we have attempted to dry them at the Near the 'run' they at length pitched upon they found fire before going to bed, the steam would reek up from several other stock stations, where the people seemed to them as if from a boiling copper. Again, in the bustle have very confused notions of the rights of property, of such an active life as mine, one has not time to be clapping their own mark, without ceremony, upon any ill by instalments, and so I suppose the whole debt of cattle found without one. But it is worth while to this kind which nature claims of us has to be paid at observe, that an individual placed in the midst of such once. The excitement of strong purpose probably keeps a gang, and keeping himself free alike from meddling off the sense of exhaustion till this becomes downright on the one part against them, and from participation on illness, and will not be any longer neglected. Suffice the other, is in one of the securest of positions; for, in it, that there appeared no alternative. When I first consideration of his forbearance, they will generally do arrived in New South Wales, the perspiration used to him any service in their power, heading homeward his flow profusely during the hot days; it now was substistray beasts, giving tidings of any lost ones, and a hun- tuted by a constant burning heat, without the slightest dred other little offices of like kind.' But the utility of moisture; and at times by a sense, for hours, of icy the branding does not appear to be quite clear after all, coldness, while to the eye the whole atmosphere was, since the animals themselves are not a consenting party, as it were, in a blaze, and the surface of the earth too and in many cases treat the ceremony as a very idle hot for the feet to stand, for more than a few seconds, affair. 'I have known beasts break three strong ropes bare on the sand. It may be of advantage to some in one after the other, charge everybody out of the yard, the colony who have begun to experience similar sympand then go over a six-rail fence at a flying leap, and toms, to learn that, though the voyage was trying, and get away unconquered to their wilds again.' *Such the cold very painful in England when I first arrived, rebels of course choose their own pastures, frequently I am now obtaining the most sensible benefit, and conin the wild grassy gullies of the mountains, whither sider myself in the direct road to completely renovated they are tracked by individuals technically called gully-health.' rakers, a kind of freebooters, who mark the desert-born We have now run through this little narrative; families of the fugitives, and carry them off.

which, the reader will perceive, contains matter that Having marked their cattle, the next business was to will amply repay his trouble in referring to the volumes construct a dairy for milking such as chose to submit themselves, entitled 'Settlers and Convicts, or Recolto the operation; and this was done by digging a hollow lections of Sixteen Years' Labour in the Australian in a hill, in order to avoid the excessive heats. They Backwoods ;' published by Charles Cox, London. now sent butter to Sydney, and sat fairly down as farmers, giving up entirely the trade of wood-sawing. Our author's advice to the settler, from personal ex

CHARLES EDWARD AT PRESTONPANS. perience, is this :- 1. Let him, by way of an introduc

BY D. M. MOIR (A).* tion, put his knapsack on his back, and penetrate on [Written after walking over the Field with Robert Chambers, on foot to the utmost limit of colonisation, to learn the

the Centenary of the Batlle, 21st September 1845.] science of living in the desert. 2. Let him then begin

Grim and cloud-begirt the morning by feeling his way, laying out not more than a third of

Rose from out the German wave; his capital at first, whatever it may be. For the rest

Blindly landward clouds of vapour he will receive high interest; and in the meantime his

Through the woods of Seaton drave; food and clothing will not cost him L.30 a-year. 3. Let

While, amid the dewy stubble,

Eager for the approach of day, him look to everything himself, and join personally in

Prone beneath their plaids and war-cloaks, all the labour of the farm. 4. Let him treat his hands

Side by side two armies lay. well, if not from feeling, from policy. To these general

Tolled forth six' the clock of Preston, rules are added directions for the more immediate busi

Woke from dawn to day the morn, ness of settling, for which we have no room.

And the first red streaks of sunlight With the exception of a wild adventure into which

Gilded Westfield's branching Thorn ; our ex-sawyer fell, through some informality in his

Then the billowy mists disparting,

As the light breeze came and went, purchase of the cattle, and some little fighting with the

Showed the Highland host in silence aborigines, there is nothing besides in the memoir of spe

Threading downwards from Tranent. cial interest to the reader; although we ought to mention one incident in compliment to the author himself-his

* (Reprinted, with the concurrence of the author, from the marriage. The young couple now opened a general store, Dumfries Herald (newspaper).] for the supply of the neighbouring stations; and al The army of Charles Edward moved from the west to the east though avoiding wine and spirit-dealing from conscien- side of Tranent, after it had become dark, on the evening preceding tious motives, they contrived to make L.300 per annum the slope, from the churchyard eastwards. The Prince himself lay

the battle, and bivouacked, stretching along the northern face of by the business, although the original capital invested in a bean-field, amid the cut bunches, which were still on the was not more than that sum. 'My wife was the almost ground, near the farm-house of Green Wells. sole manager of this portion of our affairs, from the be # This venerable tree in part remains, but the main trunk was ginning to the end, which was better than seven years. blown down in 1833, after having been very much injured by the My occupation consisted in bringing the goods from quantity of fragments abstracted by visitors in the shape of relies

The field was visited by Sir Walter Scott in 1831 ; and a small Sydney, looking after our cattle, and getting in every drinking-cup, or quaich, constructed from a portion of the thorn, year such a crop of one thing and another as quite hooped with silver, and suitably inscribed, was prepared, to be cuvered our own consumption; wheat, maize, potatoes, presented to him on the occasion of a second promised visit, hy Mr and tobacco being the staple. My two sons, as they That opportunity, however, never took place, the symptoms of sir !

H. F. Cadell, of Cockenzie, at whose house he spent the afternoon. grew up, took kindly, as almost all the Australians do, Walter's last illness having shortly afterwards shown themselves; to rural occupations. The eldest I left chiefly at the and the quaich, consequently, still remains in Mr Cadell's pos. out-station, and the youngest was mostly with myself session. and his mother at the farm I first settled on. My own

It was under this thorn, which stands as nearly as possible in health at last took such a serious turn for the worse, death wound; and hence, to the eyes of many, the spot where the

the centre of the battle-field, that Colonel Gardiner received his that the doctor advised a return to my native clime. Christian soldier fell is, to use the words of Collins, covered by The hardships I had endured in the early part of my

- a sweeter sod career in New South Wales, along with too great acti

Than Fancy's feet have ever trode.'

Shrilly blown, the Royal trumpet

Bade each corps its place assume ;
Steeds were mounted, muskets shouldered,

Glittered flag, and nodded plume:
Rose the mists up like a curtain *

To the ceiling of the sky;
And the plain's wide diorama

Lay displayed before the eye.
Fast they closed, two hostile armies,

Hostile, yet of kindred blood,
Till the ranks of either's vanguard

Face to face opposing stood :
For a moment all was voiceless

Every heart in prayer was hushed;
Then each clan struck up its pibroch,

And the mass to battle rushed !
Boom on boom the deep-mouthed cannon

Raked the ranks with crimson glare;
But the clansmen scrugged their bonnets t

O'er their brows with dogged air;
Clenched their teeth, unsheathed their broadswords,

Cast their cumbering plaids aside,
And, as hedge-like moved their columns,

Danger scorned, and death defied.
Louder blared the Royal trumpet

Hoarser rolled the kettle-drum,
As the carbined chargers, neighing,

Forward to the onset come:
Torrent-like, amid the tartans,

Splashed the horsemen's red array;
But stood firm that dingy phalanx,

Like the rock before the spray.
To that grim salute the rifles

With a running fire replied:
Can it be, in spite of Gardiner,

That his troopers swerve aside ?
Vainly, to impede their panic,

Wheeled his horse and waved his sword;
Vainly he appealed to duty,

Cheered them, checked them, and implored.
As the ocean swell, resistless,

Backward bears the yielding dike,
So the Gael bore down the Saxon,

Mingling bayonet, blade, and pike:
Resolutely Cope and Hawley

Propped the ranks that gave a-way;
While, though vainly, Home and Huntley

Battled to retrieve the day.
Horseless, with his knee on greensward,

As the life-blood from him poured,
Rally, rally here!' cried Gardiner,

And aloft he waved his sword.
Round him fought a band devoted,

Till he sank upon the field :
Truer hero, Greek or Roman,

Ne'er was lifeless borne on shield !
Wo! for good and gallant Gardiner,

For the soldier and the saint;
Peace's lamb, and battle's lion,

Chivalry without a taint!
Asks the patriot for his tombstone ?

All unmarked his ashes lie;
But the soldier-friend of Doddridge]

Owns & name not soon to die !

From that ill-starred field of slaughter

Fled the panic-struck in swarms;
Strewed were all the paths to Bankton,

And to Wallyford, with arms;
On to Dolphinston and Birslie,

Fingalton and Prestonpans,
Rushed the fugitives, fear-scattered,

And pursued the shouting clans,
Day of triumph for the Stuart !

Fitful burst of sunny light !
And, at Falkirk, yet another,

Ere set in Culloden's night:
Then with eagles on the correi,

Or with foxes under ground,
Hunted-homeless-and an hungered,*

Might thy rival, Guelph, be found.
Dismal, too, their after fortunes,

Who, in that mistaken cause,
By a zeal and faith unshaken,

Sought and won the world's applause :
Those laid life down on the scaffold-

These were scattered far and wide
And, from foreign shores, in exile,

Looked to Scotland ere they died !
Looked to-yearned for-Scotland's mountains;

For the glen in purple glow;
For the castle on its islet,

Mirrored in the loch below;
For the sheiling, wood-and-stream-girt,

Where Romance Youth's summer sped;
For the belíry by the gray kirk,

In whose shadow slept their dead.
Yet full long, from lips of fervour,

When the natal day came round,
Toasted was the name forbidden,

With a quenchless love profound;
And in bosom or in bonnet,

Still the emblem-Rose of White-t
Told the wearer, though he spake not,

Heart and soul a Jacobite !
Under Westfield's Thorn-tree standing,

Ilere Cockenzie-there Tranent-
On the fields we picture, map-like,

How the battle came and went :
Round are ranged the sheaves of harvest;

This is Preston; where are they
Who were victors, who were vanquished,

Just a hundred years this day?
In that question lies its answer:-

None who wished and watched the sun
On that morn of stormy warfare,

Now behold its beams--not one!
Year by year, Time's scythe hath thinned them,

Till have vanished quite, at length,
Even the scattered few surviving

Last, by reason of more strength.
Newer wars and woes have followed,

Other fields been fought and won;
Each fresh generation wrapt in

Aims and objects of its own :
And as, loitering, the wayfarer

Casts on Preston crofts his eye,
Deeply from the Past and Present

Reads his heart a homily!

* This scene has been touched with a pencil of light in Waverley, vol. ii. chap. xviii. :- At this moment the sun, which was now

HISTORY. risen above the horizon, dispelled the mist. The vapours rose like History is the resurrection of ages past ; it gives us the a curtain, and showed the two armies in the act of closing,' &c. + It was the emphatic custom of the Highlanders,' says Mr

scenes of human life, that, by their actings, we may learn Chambers, before an onset to scrug their bonnets-that is, to pom man, than,

by an easy change and a delightful entertain

to correct and improve. What can be more profitable to against falling off in the ensuing mclée.' History of Rebellion, ment, to make himself wise by the imitation of heroic chap. xxiv.

virtues, or by the evitation of detected vices ?-where the * An eye-witness of the battle, in a communication inserted in glorious actions of the worthiest treaders on the world's the Scots Magazine of the day, describes their approach by this stage shall become our guide and conduct, and the errors characteristic similitude.

that the weak have fallen into shall be marked out to us 8 Colonel Gardiner was buried, as were eight of his children, at

as rocks that we ought to avoid. It is learning wisdom at the eastern gable of the old church of Tranent; but as that build. ing was afterwards demolished for the erection of the present the cost of others; and, what is rare, it makes a man the structure, the situation, I have understood, was built over. Before better for being pleased.–Feltham. this was done, the tomb was opened, and the body showed itself in a very remarkable state of preservation ; but on exposure to the * The three great romantic episodes of modern warfare have air, the powdered queue, fastened by its black ribbon, dropping always seemed to me those of Charles Edward and his Highoff, exposed the skull, with its fatal fracture - a sad proof of landers in 1745 ; of Toussaint L'Ouverture and his Haytians; and identity!

of Hofer and the Tyrolese in 1813. When we take into consideraI The colonel, as is well known, found an able and affectionate tion the results flowing from the defeat of Culloden, and that the biographer in his celebrated friend Dr Doddridge, who, in 1747, faith of a poor people was proof against the most tempting rewards, published his “Remarkable Passages in the Life of Colonel James in a cause, moreover, where everything was to be lost, and nothing Gardiner'- a little work, which to this day continues to enjoy an could be gained, the first of the three is certainly the most extraoruninterrupted popularity, and divides the winter evening hours by dinary. the rustic hearth with The Scots Worthies,' Thomson's Seasons,' | The white rose and the white cockade were the Stuart inand 'Burns.

signia; and, as such, respected and venerated by their partisans,

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