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bowls of rich cream from her full dairy, and bottles spread wide over the wild country they had settled in, of various cordials-whisky plain, and whisky spiced, descending even to those who laboured for their daily and whisky sweetened. Visitors on intimate terms bread, though these, in general, had rather been adopted were shown, without ceremony, by the mistress of this into the clan, when fleeing from justice or injustice humble household into her ordinary living room, where in some other. All, however, felt themselves links of the refreshments always offered were at hand. Those the one great chain which connected the least among of higher degree passed on to the best parlour, there to them with their chief. When associating in his baronial wait for the bareheaded, barefooted maid in her blue hall, each fell into his own place easily, thus keeping up flannel petticoat, and her white neatly-frilled bedgown, the manner of perfect equality, while, in reality, there with her tray; for to meet without both eating and was a wide difference between those whose station was drinking, was unheard of in those days in the High- below the salt' and the yellow drawing-room' section lands. And it was not a mere taste of cake and wine of the company, who entered the banqueting-room, and a mere form of civility - it was good honest hunger retired with Lady Margaret, the laird's high-bred lady, well satisfied, the visitor having generally made a jour- none of the miscellaneous remainder offering to attend ney of some miles. It was a matter of duty with the upon her unless specially invited. Mr Macneil held a host to partake of every article offered, even to the sort of middle rank amongst this assemblage. His comcordials, which had also to be tasted with every fresh mission, his manners, his wife's good birth, placed him arrival. Mrs Macneil carried her scrupulous adherence above his wadset; but his known mercantile descent, to these ceremonies of the olden time so far, that, in and his very humble means, reduced him again in the presenting powdered sugar and whisky, which was then scale of Highland society; so that he owed it to his much the fashion with the ladies, she invariably took sound common sense that he was a frequent invited the first spoonful out of the glass herself—a real relic guest at the castle. of the barbarous ages, as the same spoon served all. As the lieutenant's sons grew up, they occasionally Guests of their own degree often remained to a late accompanied their father on these visits. They were dinner, when, if there were only gentlemen—which in- ushered into what was to them the world,' with no deed mostly happened, as the Highland ladies seldom further preparation than the donning of their Sunday left their homes-the goodwife saw little more of them, suit; and they took their places in it with that simple her part being behind the scenes, to keep the punch- composure born with the Highlanders. Their mother, bowls going till long after they had better have been indeed, had not omitted to inform them of their claim filled no more. It was rather a thickly-inhabited part to a seat at their great relation's table ; for she had her of the country, full of half-pay officers and small lairds, full share of pride, and she had given a due proportion and one or two retired merchants, at that time of day to her sons of this failing of her age, instilling at the but little thought of, with one great house only, within same time into their young minds firm moral feelings, a very large circuit of miles, the noble residence of the worthy of the race from which she had descended. She chief, to whom Mrs Macneil was distantly related. was a woman of high principles, accurately discriminat

Castle Fruich was a large building of gray stone, very ing between right and wrong, and never compromising irregularly constructed, surrounded by a perfect town the matter between them ; yet, shrewd and active, she of small houses and offices, placed on a wide moor, had always all her senses about her. After her housesheltered by a few very formal plantations, of what has hold thrift, the one aim and end of her existence was been till lately called by the name of the Scotch fir; the advancement in life of her children. She had although its miserable appearance beside the natural hitherto well done her part as a good Highland wife forests of black pine, stretching in their grave beauty far and mother. She had gathered gear, kept all hands up some of the more sheltered glens, might have shown busy, advised her husband, nursed the babies, given to any observing eye how misnamed had been the inter- habits of industry and obedience both to sons and loper. A fine background of mountains relieved in some daughters, with the best instruction within her reach. degree the uninteresting nature of the home scenery, She had now to push her family on; and for this purand extensive shrubberies added a cheerful look to the pose, as regarded her sons, she looked to her chief for immediate precincts of the castle. The laird of the clan assistance, not as a favour, but as a right, for he well Fruich passed the greater part of the year in this his knew that they were his blood relations. It was the bleak residence, keeping open house during the whole custom of the times for the great to keep their patronof the summer and autumn, and generally surrounding age, like their charity, at home among their own conhimself at all times with a constant variety of guests. nexions and dependents, on whom, indeed, no act of He lived plainly in the hospitable manner befitting his kindness was spared when occasion offered for its being station, his board being most plentifully provided, and exercised. The laird, therefore, made little difficulty the ever-changing company of all degrees being wel. about obliging his cousin. Labour of any sort being comed with unfailing cordiality. There was no attempt utterly distasteful to the spirit of these children of to encourage a select society. It was no mark of high the mountains, the army was then the refuge of all the caste to dine at the castle. Every one felt entitled to a unemployed — to serve' being the sole ambition of the place there, in a country where, however poor indivi- young Highlanders. And as commissions were easily dual means might be, every man considered himself obtained in that warlike period, when any man of inborn a gentleman. The company consisted for the most fluence asked for them, the lieutenant's eldest son had part of the clan, all bearing the same surname with their not long to wait before he saw himself gazetted. He chief, and repeating so constantly among them the one passed the interim principally at the castle, Lady Maror two Christian names in favour with their race, that garet, out of regard to the parents, condescending to they could never have been distinguished but for the aid in fashioning the manners of the son. It was a prevailing custom of conferring a sort of title on these happy novitiate for the future knight. With well-bred far-spreading members of one family, each man being companions of his own age and sex, the days sped commonly known by the name of the place he lived at, rapidly on in the pursuit of those active sports which whether it were his own, or merely a wadset, or even still occupy the higher ranks during a Highland autumn, but his rented farm. And as in larger communities, and were then almost the principal employment of all so there was in this, degrees of rank perfectly recog- classes ; while the fair daughters of the house, accomnised, although never offensively paraded. There were plished far beyond his simple ideas of female merit, branches to the clan-cadets of the great house, gifted gaily contributed to the cheerful passing of the evenin far back times with such lands as they could keep ings. Whether these influences altogether worked for or take, who had risen to independence, though they good as to the young soldier's future happiness, however gloried in acknowledging the source from whence they much they might elevate his feelings, is almost doubtful ; had sprung. In their turn they had similarly provided for broken hints were scattered among the earlier letters, for scions of their own stock; and thus in time the name from which rather a melancholy romance of real life

could, with a little ingenuity, have been woven. But vations of the solar spots. To all this labour, and to whatever may have been his youthful dream, his man the bringing out of the work, a period of twelve years hood was none the less vigorous for its indulgence. has been devoted. The results are described in lanBravely and honourably he won his way, well support- guage as philosophical as it is eloquent: many passages ing, throughout his prosperous career, the character of among the scientific details of the catalogues produce a gentleman. With no education beyond the mere rudi- an impression on the reader equal to that caused by a ments of such knowledge as he could acquire at the sublime strain of poetry. We propose to lay before our parish school, his manners formed only by the principles readers such portions of the work as may appear most of rectitude, and the habits of application he had im- popularly interesting. bibed at home very slightly polished by a few months The late Sir William Herschel made, during his life, of intercourse with more refined society, Hector Macneil what he called sweeps of the heavens,' in which, as is prepared to enter life without one feeling of timidity. well known, he discovered and investigated, amongst Strong in the simple resolve to do his duty under every other celestial phenomena, those presented by nebulæ. circumstance, he quitted his father's roof not without The results of these researches were published in the sorrow, but without fear. He had been brought up to • Transactions of the Royal Society;' but about the expect this separation, to look forward to it as to a year 1825, Sir John Herschel proposed to re-examine starting-point from whence his own independence was the whole of his father's work, and spent eight years in to spring, and good to result, through his means, to his the survey, which extended over 2306 nebulæ and clus. family. Thus nerved by the hope of assisting those he ters of stars, 525 of which were described for the first loved, while reflecting credit on them by his own suc- time; and in addition, the places of 3000 or 4000 double cess, there was little room in his honest heart for the stars determined. In this re-examination Sir J. Hermere indulgence of the grief of leaving them. His schel made use of his father's twenty-feet reflector, over courage drooped for one short moment only, when he the manipulation of which, and the process of polishing bent before his mother for her blessing. Solemnly but the mirrors, he obtained a complete mastery. Aftercalmly it was given, though the unusual paleness of her wards, in obedience to an impulse arising out of the countenance betrayed something of what she felt on absorbing nature of the pursuit, he resolved on making dismissing to the turmoil of the world her first-born, a survey of the southern hemisphere, for the purpose of He left the north country with the chief. It was usual instituting comparisons with the northern. In pursuwith the great men of those days to spend the winter ance of this object, as many readers are aware, he emfrequently in the south with their families, and it was barked with his apparatus for the Cape of Good Hope, the custom for a considerable number of the clan always where he arrived in January 1834. Having found a to attend their chief on this bis progress. It was a suitable residence, bearing the name of Feldhuysen or very stately migration. There was a sort of body-guard Feldhausen, about six miles from Cape Town, in the of mounted gentlemen, with a crowd of humbler re- direction of Wynberg, the instruments were fixed early tainers on foot. The escort fell off as the great man in March, and ready to commence a regular course of travelled, till, towards the close of his journey, when he sweeping.' left the hills to enter upon the plains, only a few of The hot season at the Cape-October to March-is his most intimate friends remained to take leave of said to afford many superb nights for observation, inhim. At this point the lieutenant and his son parted. terrupted occasionally, however, by a wind called the Calm, yet sorrowful, the old man retraced his steps to black south-easter,' which attaches a black belt of his humble mountain home. The young man moved clouds to the mountain, and stretches it over a large on with equal steadiness to the fulfilment of his destiny. surface of the sky. At other times the air is so disThat they ever met again, is at the best uncertain; as turbed by the intense heat of the arid sandy plains, among the papers alluded to there is no evidence of that distinct vision is impossible. 'Even in the hottest the fortunate soldier ever having revisited the High- season, however, nights of admirable definition cerur, lands.

especially looking southwards. But what is not a little

remarkable, in the very hottest days, looking northwards NEW FACTS IN ASTRONOMY.

over the burning tract intervening between Feldhausen

and Table or Saldanha Bay, the most admirable and A work has just been published which reminds one of tranquil definition of the solar spots, and other phenosome of the achievements of the early ages of literature, mena of the sun's disk, is by no means unfrequent. In when an enthusiastic and patient philosopher found a such cases, I presume the strongly-heated stratum of patron equally zealous, and devoted many years of his air incumbent on the surface of the soil, is swept off by life to the accomplishment of a single object. We refer the south-east wind blowing from False to Table Bay, to Sir John Herschel's work*—the title of which is given visual ray. "It is, however, we read, 'in the couler

before it ascends high enough to interfere with the below—and to the manner of its publication. To quote months, from May to October inclusive, and more espe. the author's words :— To the munificent destination of cially in June and July, that the finest opportunities his Grace the late Duke of Northumberland of a large occur for observation. The state of the air in these sum in aid of its publication, it owes its appearance as a months, as regards definition, is habitually good, and single and separate work, instead of a series of uncon- imperfect vision is rather the exception than the rule. nected memoirs, scattered over the volumes of acade- | The best nights occur after the heavy rains which fall mical bodies. Greatly to his honour, the present duke at this season have ceased for a day or two; and on has completely carried out the intentions of his prede- these occasions the tranquillity of the images and cessor, who died before the volume was finished.

sharpness of vision is such, that hardly any limit is set A simple enumeration of the contents of the book, to magnifying power, but what the aberrations of the a large quarto—will serve to convey some slight idea specula necessitate.' of its great scientific value. The observations com

A singular phenomenon was frequently observed, 'a prise those of the southern nebulæ, double stars of the nebulous haze,' which came on suddenly, and disappeared southern hemisphere; astrometry, apparent magnitudes as rapidly; making the stars appear, while it lasted, of stars; constitution of the galaxy in the southern as though surrounded by a 'nebulous photosphere of hemisphere; Halley’s comet, with remarks on its phy- greater or less extent,' while to the naked eye the sky sical condition ; satellites of Saturn; and lastly, obser- was perfectly clear. Similar phenomena occur in the

atmosphere of England, but not with the frequency or * Results of Astronomical Observations made during the years suddenness of those at the Cape. The clouds, too, as 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8, at the Cape of Good Hope ; being the Completion of a Telescopio Survey of the whole Surface of the Visible Heavens,

seen from the southern extremity of Africa, are more commenood in 1825. By Sir J. F. W. Herschel, Bart London: opaque than in our latitudes : in England, astronomers

not unfrequently observe the stars while veiled by a

Smith and Elder. 1847.

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thin stratum of cloud; but at the Cape, the clouds are Little Bear have been detected of late years, on which too opaque for the rays of light to pass through them. Sir John Herschel writes, in a profound and suggestive

Of the star marked n, in the constellation Argus, and strain of reasoning — Future observation will decide the great nebula surrounding it, we are informed that whether the change which is thus proved to have taken there is perhaps no other sidereal object which unites place be of periodical recurrence. ... Ignorant as we more points of interest than this. Its situation is very are, however, both of the cause of solar and stellar light, remarkable, being in the midst of one of those rich and and of the conditions which may influence its amount brilliant masses—a succession of which, curiously con at different times, the law of regular periodicity is one trasted with dark adjacent spaces (called by the old which ought not to be too hastily generalised; and at navigators “coal-sacks"), constitute the milky way in all events, there is evidence enough of slow and gradual that portion of its course which lies between the Centaur change of lustre in many stars, since the earlier ages of and the main body of Argo.' The number of stars in astronomy, to refute all a priori assumption as to the this region is immense, as many as 250 being in the possible length of the cycle of variation of any particular field of the telescope at one time. But the great point star. The subject is one of the utmost physical interest. of interest is the star n, which, in Halley's Catalogue, | The grand phenomena of geology afford, as it appears 1677, is marked as of the fourth magnitude, and in to me, the highest presumptive evidence of changes in later Catalogues as of the second magnitude. It was the general climate of our globe. I cannot otherwise unon the 16th December 1837,' writes Sir John Herschel, derstand alternations of heat and cold, so extensive, as at

that resuming the photometrical comparisons, in which, one epoch to have clothed high northern latitudes with according to regular practice, the brightest stars in a more than tropical luxuriance of vegetation; at ansight, in whatever part of the heavens, were first other, to have buried vast tracts of middle Europe, now noticed, and arranged on a list, my astonishment was enjoying a genial climate, and smiling with fertility, excited by the appearance of a new candidate for dis- under à glacier crust of enormous thickness. Such tinction among the very brightest stars of the first changes seem to point to some cause more powerful magnitude, in a part of the heavens with which, being than the mere local distribution of land and water (acperfectly familiar, I was certain that no such brilliant cording to Mr Lyell's views) can be well supposed to object had before been seen. After a momentary hesita- have been. In the slow secular variations of our suption, the natural consequence of a phenomenon so utterly ply of light and heat from the sun, which, in the immenunexpected, and referring to a map for its configurations sity of time past, may have gone to any extent, and with the other conspicuous stars in the neighbourhood, succeeded each other in any order, without violating I became satisfied of its identity with my old acquaint- the analogy of sidereal phenomena which we know to ance n Argus. Its light was, however, nearly tripled.' have taken place, we have a cause, not indeed estabThe star attained its maximum of brightness, when it lished as a fact, but readily admissible as something was nearly equal to a of the Centaur, on the 2d January beyond a bare possibility, fully adequate to the utmost 1838, after which it faded into its former appearance. requirements of geology. A change of half a magnitude But since that period, it has again brightened so as to in the lustre of the sun, regarded as a fixed star, spread have surpassed Canopus, and even to have approached over successive geological epochs - now progressive, Sirius in lustre.' This was in 1843, and was noticed now receding, now stationary, according to the evidence by observers in different parts of the world; and again, of warmer or colder general temperature which geoloin 1845, the star passed through a similar state of gical research has disclosed, or may hereafter reveal-is fluctuating brilliance. As Sir John Herschel observes, what no astronomer would now hesitate to admit as in

A strange field of speculation is opened by this pheno- itself a perfectly reasonable and not improbable suppomenon. The temporary stars heretofore recorded have sition. Such a supposition has assuredly far less of all become totally extinct. Variable stars, so far as extravagance about it than the idea that the sun, by its they have been carefully attended to, have exhi ted own proper motion, may, in indefinite ages past, have periodical alternations, in some degree at least regular, traversed regions so crowded with stars, as to affect the of splendour and comparative obscurity. But here we climate of our planet by the influence of their radiation. have a star fitfully variable to an astonishing extent, Nor can it be objected that the character of a vera causa and whose fluctuations are spread over centuries, ap- is wanting in such a hypothesis. Of the exciting cause parently in no settled period, and with no regularity of of the radiant emanations from the sun and stars, we progression. What origin can we ascribe to these know nothing. It may consist, for aught we can tell, sudden flashes and relapses? What conclusions are we in vast currents of electricity traversing space (accordto draw as to the comfort or habitability of a system ing to cosmical laws), and which, meeting in the higher depending for its supply of light and heat on so uncer- regions of their atmospheres with matter properly attain a source?'

tenuated, and otherwise disposed to electric phospho-* Of the nebula in connection with Argus, we read that, rescence, may render such matter radiant, after the It would manifestly be impossible, by verbal descrip- manner of our own aurora borealis, under the influence tion, to give any just ide of the capricious forms and of terrestrial electric streams. Or it may result from irregular gradations of light affected by the different actual combustion going on in the higher regions of branches and appendages of this nebula. Nor is it easy their atmospheres, the elements of which, so united, for language to convey a full impression of the beauty may be in a constant course of separation and restoraand sublimity of the spectacle it offers when viewed in tion to their active state of mutual combustibility, by a sweep, ushered in as it is by so glorious and innumer- vital processes of extreme activity going on at their able a procession of stars, to which it forms a sort of habitable surfaces, analogous to that by which vegetaclimax, justifying expressions which, though I find tion on our earth separates carbonic acid (a product of them written in my journal in the excitement of the combustion) into its elements, and so restores their moment, would be thought extravagant if transferred combustibility. With specific hypotheses as to the to these pages. In fact, it is impossible for any one cause of solar and sidereal light and heat, we have, with the least spark of astronomical enthusiasm about however, no concern. It suffices that they must have him to pass soberly in review, with a powerful telescope, a cause, and that this cause, inscrutable as it may be, and in a fine night, that portion of the southern sky does in several cases, and therefore may, in one more, which is comprised between the sixth and thirteenth determine the production of phenomena of the kind in hours of right ascension, and from 146 to 149 degrees question.' of north polar distance; such are the variety and interest Turning to that portion of the volume in which the of the objects he will encounter, and such the dazzling observations of the solar spots are contained, we read richness of the starry ground on which they are repre- that, during a part of 1836-7, a more than usual accu

mulation and disturbance took place in the spots on the Instances of variability in some of the stars of the surface of the great luminary. One of the spots, on

sented to his gaze.'

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measurement, was found to occupy a space of nearly earnest philosophical spirit in which they are written. five square minutes. Now, a minute in linear dimen- Such works as that just passed in review become landsion on the sun being 27,500 miles, and a square mi. marks for science, by which present and future disnute 756,000,000, we have here an area of 3,780,000,000 coverers may direct their steps. We feel much pleasure square miles included in one vast region of disturbance, in making it known to a large circle of readers, who and this requires to be increased for the effect of fore- otherwise would never hear of its publication. shortening. The black centre of the spot of May 25 would have allowed the globe of the earth to drop

THE KING AND THE CONSUL through it, leaving a thousand miles clear of contact on all sides of that tremendous gulf.' From January to It was the fortune of France, during the course of the March of 1837, numerous spots of most complex struc- eighteenth century, to be governed, at an interval of 1 ture and character were formed in copious succession. about ninety years, by two men who filled all Europe During April and May the spots were fewer in number, shall we not rather say the world ?-—with their renown. and assumed generally a rounded appearance; in June One of these was Louis XIV., the descendant of a hun. and July they again increased ; while we read that “in dred kings, whose early promise of goodness was too August and October, so far as observed, the sun seemed quickly blighted by the baneful atmosphere of a bril- ! to have passed into a quiescent state, the spots being liant and adulatory court; but who, amid his faults and few, small, and irregularly disposed.'

errors, never ceased for a moment to be the courteous Sir John Herschel insists strongly upon a continuous gentleman, as well as the despotic monarch. The other and systematic observation of the solar spots, as the only was Napoleon Bonaparte, who bore upon his brow tie ! means by which to explain the phenomena they present. stamp of natural royalty, and who, by various qualities, • We are naturally led to inquire for an efficient cause won the hearts of his comrades in arms; but whose for a vis matrir-to give rise to such enormous dyna- attempts at courtesy were as rare as they were unsuc. mical phenomena, for such they undoubtedly are. The cessful. He found it easier to become an emperor than efficient cause of fluctuations in our atmosphere, in a gentleman; and this deficiency was felt by him more terrestrial meteorology, is apparent enough ; namely, acutely than might have been expected from a man external agency--the heating power of the sun. With- of his gigantic mind. out this, all would be tranquil enough; but in the solar It was the singular fate of one woman, the Marquise meteorology we have no such extraneous source of de Créquy, to have been presented to both these great alternate elevations and depressions of temperature, men, and to have been received by each of them with altering the specific gravity, and disturbing the equili- distinguished marks of attention. She has left behind brium, of its atmospheric strata. The cause of such her a brief sketch of these remarkable interviews, which movements as we observe, and upon so immense a scale, we present to our readers, with the hope that it may must therefore reside within the sun itself; and it is prove interesting. Let us, however, say a few words there we must seek it.' Sir John proceeds to show that first of the fair and distinguished writer. the rotation of the sun upon its own axis may be the Victoire de Froulay, Marquise de Créquy, was one of chief cause, by producing currents of air in opposite the most noble and witty, as well as one of the loveliest directions, similar to our trade-winds, and with a density women of her day ; and during the profligate reign of at the equator different from that at the poles. “The Louis XV., her life was so irreproachable, that the spots, in this view of the subject,' he then pursues, shaft of slander could find no arrow wherewith to • would come to be assimilated to those regions on the wound her peace. At the age of ten or eleven, Victoire earth's surface in which, for the moment, hurricanes de Froulay accompanied her uncle, the Maréchal de and tornadoes prevail. The upper strata being tempo- Tessé, and her grandmother, the Marquise de Froulay, rarily carried downwards, displacing, by its impetus, to St Cyr, where Mme de Maintenon was then staying; the two strata of luminous matter beneath (which may but we will give her own account of the visit. be conceived as forming a habitually tranquil limit • We stepped into the maréchal's carriage, and found between the opposite, upper, and under currents), the ourselves on the road to St Cyr. At the end of a fer upper of course to a greater extent than the lower; and minutes the equipage stops, and our laquais open the thus wholly or partially denuding the opaque surface of doors and let down the steps with precipitation. It is the sun below. Such processes cannot be unaccom- the king,” said my uncle, and we got out of the car. panied with vorticose motions, which, left to themselves, riage leisurely; for the maréchal's people were too wel die away by degrees, and dissipate; with this peculiarity, trained not to have given ample notice of his majesty's that their lower portions come to rest more speedily approach. The king's carriage soon overtook us. It than their upper, by reason of the greater resistance was drawn, as usual, by eight horses, and escorted by below, as well as the remoteness from the point of three mousquetaires, and as many light horse. There action, which lies in a higher region, so that their centre were two pages in front, and four behind, all of whom (as seen in our water-spouts, which are nothing but were clad in light-blue velvet, at that time the livery small tornadoes) appears to retreat upwards. Now, this of France. Louis XIV. was alone in the carriage, and agrees perfectly with what is observed during the obli- the moment he perceived us, the equipage and its teration of the solar spots, which appear as if filled in escort stopped as by enchantment. His majesty let by the collapse of their sides, the penumbra closing in down the glass at our side, and saluted us with the most upon the spot, and disappearing after it. ... The spots graceful courtesy. " That is the king, then,” said I, are black ; the penumbra a nearly uniform half-shadow, with tears in my eyes—"the great king ?” “You may with, however, here and there undefinable definite spaces add, the good, the unhappy king," replied the maréchal of a second depth of shade. There is no gradual melting in a grave and melancholy tone. of the one shade into the other-spot into penumbra, * On arriving at St Cyr, we passed through a large penumbra into full light. The idea conveyed is more apartment filled with the pages and attendants of his that of the successive withdrawal of veils, the partial majesty, who was gone into the convent garden with removal of definite films, than the melting away of a the Bishop of Chartres and some other noblemer mist, or the mutual dilution of gaseous media. Films Mme de Maintenon received us in a lofty chamber, of immiscible liquids having a certain cohesion, floating wainscotted in oak, and singularly free from decora. I on a dark or transparent ocean, and liable to temporary tions of any kind. There were no paintings on the removal by winds, would rather seem suggested by the walls, neither was the floor of the apartment carpeted; general tenor of the appearances, though they are far but a small square of tapestry was placed before each from being wholly explicable by this conception, at least of the chairs. Mme de Maintenon called me over to i if any considerable degree of transparency be allowed to her, and fixing on me a look full of intelligence and i the luminous matter.'

sweetness, kissed me on the forehead. She then spoke The sagacity of these views is only equalled by the to me of the high consideration in which she held my

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family; and my grandmother rising soon afterwards to *Mme de Marbæuf looked quite distressed at the take leave of her, because the hour for the king's visit jargon of her visitor ; but as it was rather amusing to had arrived -“Stay, marquise, stay,” said Mme de me, I continued my inquiries until Mme Bonaparte reMaintenon in an earnest tone; and my grandmother lated how she had taken her children to see the Bishop readily yielded to her request.

of Autun, and how this proud schoolboy had refused to * The monarch entered without any announcement, kiss my lord bishop's hand, and how she had boxed his save that the folding-doors were all opened wide, and a ears soundly as soon as they were outside the episcopal gentleman-in-ordinary, who preceded his majesty by palace, by way of teaching him better manners for the two or three minutes, approached Mme de Maintenon, future. “ e ouna testa de fer, madama !”-("He has making her a profound and silent obeisance, as is done an iron head, madam !") Assuredly, I will not contrato royal personages when their repast is ready. Mme dict the glorious mother of the citizen Bonaparte, now de Maintenon advanced five or six steps to meet his that the “ piti monstro" is become the hero of St Roche majesty, who seemed to walk with difficulty, but never- and the Pont-tourmant.' theless saluted her with the most graceful courtesy.

“ Here is a young lady,” she said, “whom I have About twenty years had elapsed since Mme de taken the liberty to detain a while, that I might present Créquy's first meeting with the Bonaparte familyher to the king. It is not needful that I should name years of multiplied trials to her, and of ardent activity her."

to the “iron-headed boy,' whose proud spirit a maternal “I believe,” replied the king, “that there is some sort hand had vainly endeavoured to repress. Early in the of spiritual relationship* between this young lady and nineteenth century, she dictates to her faithful secremyself; but we are also relations after another fashion,” tary, Dupont, as follows :added he, looking upon me as if he meant to congra • Bonaparte had returned from Egypt, and was dwelltulate me on the honour I enjoyed in being his cousin. ing in the palace of our kings. Talleyrand was using

" I ask permission of the king that you may kiss his all his address to draw the nobility into communication hand,” said my grandmother with an air of solicitude, with the republican government. Many of them had which had, however, no shade of obsequiousness about it. solicited an audience of the First Consul, in order to

'The king extended his hand with the palm down-obtain a restitution of their sequestered forests. My wards, as if he had presented it with the intention that cousin and heir, the Baron de Breteuil, was very deI should kiss it; but a moment afterwards, he closed sirous that I should write to Bonaparte, and with inhis hand quickly upon mine, which he deigned to press finite repugnance I consented to do so. It is impossible to his lips, and then he had the goodness-the exquisite either to conceive or to express the painful effort it cost politeness-or, if you will, the gallantry (for I know not me to take this step.* how to designate his proceeding)—to place my hand *Two days afterwards, Colonel (I forget his name), gently by my side, and to detain it there long enough aid-de-camp to the First Consul, was announced ; and for me to understand that he did not choose me to offer I behold a tall fine young man, who, on entering my him my intended homage.'

drawing-room, makes three profound bows, and tells The same mark of distinction which had been con- me in å most respectful tone that the First Consul ferred upon Mme de Créquy by Louis XIV. as an desires to see me, and requests my presence at the act of gentle courtesy to a child, was rendered to her Tuileries on the ensuing day, at two in the afternoon. eighty-five years later by Napoleon Bonaparte, as a This summons perplexed me. I gave for answer that I proof of respect and veneration. But before transcribing was very aged and very feeble, but that, if possible, I her account of this interview, we will relate her earliest would wait on the First Consul at the time appointed. impressions of Bonaparte, when she obtained a passing Having applied to the Baron de Breteuil for his advice glimpse of him during his boyish days.

in this perplexing juncture, he counselled me by no • It was the 31st December, in the year 1780. I had means to neglect the invitation of the chief of the Regone to pass a day at Elysée Marbæuf with my invalid public, especially as he seemed willing to restore the friend, the Marquise de Marbeuf, and was sitting tête-confiscated forests. He added, that the Princesse de à-tête with that dear woman, who was drinking apple. Guemenée had already presented herself to Bonaparte water incessantly, and talked of nothing but coughs and at his request, and that, after giving her a very polite colds, tubercles and inflammations, until I was wearied reception, he had restored to her her forfeited lands. to death with her conversation. The servant announced Let me confess that curiosity in some measure swayed some lady, who was waiting in the antechamber, and my decision, and it was finally settled that I should had come to wish her a happy New Year.

wait on General Bonaparte. May heaven bless her, and deliver me from her visit! It was the 12th of November 1800, when I was carTell her that I have come out to Elysée on purpose ried in a sedan chair to the Tuileries. This poor castle to avoid company, because I do nothing but cough from seemed to me sadly dilapidated. The porters landed me morning to night. Why should she thus pursue me to at the entrance of the last saloon. (I must tell you Elysée? Have I never spoken to you of this Mme that, for lack of dresses made according to the fashion Bonne-ou Mal-àparté ?”

of the day, I was habited in my usual costume ; that is Malàparté you call her? I rather think it is Bona- to say, in a petticoat and short pelisse of carmelite parté.” And then Mme de Marbæuf began telling taffety, with a mantle and hood of the same material.) me how her husband had become acquainted with this The Citoyenne Créquy” was announced, and I found family while he was governor of Corsica, and that he myself tête-à-tête with the conqueror of the Pyramids. had procured for the husband a situation in the customs, He looked thoughtfully at me for a moment, and then as they were very poor, although persons of good family. addressing me in a kind manner, “I have wished to

Being thoroughly wearied of my friend's society, see you, Mme la Maréchale.” But quickly assuming I proposed that Mme Bonaparte should be admitted ; a more imperious tone, “ I have desired to see you. and accordingly there was ushered in a fine-looking Are you not a hundred years old ?” woman, with a legion of ill-dressed children. Amid

Not quite, perhaps ; but I am very near it.” this covey of unfledged Corsicans, there was a little boy, whose red eyes betrayed some recent vexation, and who was making a strong effort to gulp down his tears.

* Extract of a note from Mme de Créquy, relative to the letter

which she had consented to write to Bonaparte. 'I will sign By way of being civil, I inquired, in a kind tone, what this letter, which

I must not have the trouble to correct or to write. was the matter with her son.“ Madama" she replied, all the necessary formulas may be employed; but care must be with a loud provincial voice, “è oun piti monstro!"-" he taken not to use any expression which may convey the false idea is a little monster!")

of submission on my part; and I will not sign anything which can be at variance with sincerity or dignity of character. Therefore,

let there be perfect politeness in the oxpressions, but no superfluous * Her grandmother was the goddaughter of Louis XIV. compliments. I ask for justice, not favour.'

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